Tom Green County, Texas

Tom Green County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 110,224.[1] Its county seat is San Angelo.[2] The county was created in 1874 and organized the following year.[3]

Tom Green County is included in the San Angelo, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Tom Green County, Texas
Tom Green County Courthouse, San Angelo, TX IMG 4399
Tom Green County Courthouse in San Angelo
Seal of Tom Green County, Texas

Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Tom Green County

Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas

Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1875
Named forGeneral Thomas Green
SeatSan Angelo
Largest citySan Angelo
Area
 • Total1,541 sq mi (3,991 km2)
 • Land1,522 sq mi (3,942 km2)
 • Water19 sq mi (49 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010)110,224
 • Density72/sq mi (28/km2)
Congressional district11th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.tom-green.tx.us
Judge Edd B. Keyes Annex Building, San Angelo, TX IMG 4403
Judge Edd B. Keyes Annex Building across from the Tom Green County Courthouse

History

The county was established by the state legislature on March 13, 1874, and named after Thomas Green, a Confederate brigadier general. It originally comprised an area over 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2).

The original county seat was the town of Ben Ficklin. In 1882, flood waters of the Concho River destroyed the town and drowned 65 people. The county seat was moved to San(ta) Angela. In 1883, the town's name was officially changed to San Angelo by the United States Post Office.

Tom Green County has a long, narrow strip of land extending to the west. This unusual feature is because Reagan County to the west used to be part of Tom Green County, and the state of Texas required that all counties have a contiguous land route to their county seat. Therefore, the small strip of land served to connect the two main regions. In 1903, the residents of the western section voted to form their own county (Reagan County), while in the same vote it was decided that the connecting strip would remain as part of Tom Green County.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,541 square miles (3,990 km2), of which 1,522 square miles (3,940 km2) are land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (1.2%) are covered by water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18803,615
18905,15242.5%
19006,80432.1%
191017,882162.8%
192015,210−14.9%
193036,033136.9%
194039,3029.1%
195058,92949.9%
196064,6309.7%
197071,0479.9%
198084,78419.3%
199098,45816.1%
2000104,0105.6%
2010110,2246.0%
Est. 2016118,386[6]7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1850–2010[8] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, 104,010 people, 39,503 households, and 26,783 families resided in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km2). There were 43,916 housing units at an average density of 29 per mi2 (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.76% White, 5.13% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 12.82% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. About 30.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, 13.2% were of German, 10.7% American, 8.2% English and 7.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

Of the 39,503 households, 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were not families. About 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population age was distributed as 26.10% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,148, and for a family was $39,482. Males had a median income of $27,949 versus $20,683 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,325. About 11.20% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education

U.S. Hwy. 87 north of San Angelo, TX IMG 1399
View from U.S. Highway 87 northwest of San Angelo in Tom Green County

These school districts serve Tom Green County:

Colleges

Communities

Former Texas Theater in downtown San Angelo IMG 4476
Former Texas Theater in downtown San Angelo

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Military base

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  4. ^ "Abilene Reporter-News". Abilene Reporter-News. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  8. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 31°25′N 100°28′W / 31.41°N 100.46°W

Battle of Dove Creek

The Battle of Dove Creek was a small engagement during the American Civil War that took place January 8, 1865, along Dove Creek in what is now southwest Tom Green County, Texas. Texan soldiers under Confederate captains Henry Fossett and S.S. Totten, misunderstanding which tribe occupied a discovered camp, attacked a tribe of peaceful Kickapoo Indians and were badly beaten by an organized defense.

Carlsbad, Texas

Carlsbad is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in northwest Tom Green County, Texas, United States. It lies along U.S. Route 87 northwest of the city of San Angelo, the county seat of Tom Green County. Its elevation is 2,024 feet (617 m). Although Carlsbad is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 76934; the ZCTA for ZIP Code 76934 had a population of 1,332 at the 2000 census.This was a new CDP for the 2010 census with a population of 719.

Located along the North Concho River, Carlsbad was founded in 1907 under the name of Hughes. When the Post Office required the community to be renamed, residents chose the name of the spa town of Karlsbad in Bohemia, after local wells were discovered to yield mineral water.

Christoval, Texas

Christoval is a census-designated place (CDP) in Tom Green County, Texas, United States. The population was 504 at the 2010 census. It is part of the San Angelo, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Concho River

The Concho River is a river in the U.S. state of Texas.Concho is Spanish for "shell"; the river was so named due to its abundance of freshwater mussels, such as the Tampico pearly mussel (Cyrtonaias tampicoensis).

Grape Creek, Texas

Grape Creek is a census-designated place (CDP) in Tom Green County, Texas, United States. It is part of the San Angelo, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of Grape Creek was 3,154 at the 2010 census.

Heart of Texas Wildlife Trail

The Heart of Texas Wildlife Trail is a state-designated system of trails and wildlife sanctuaries in Central Texas in the United States. It is one of the four major wildlife trail systems designated by the State of Texas.

The trail system is divided into two main groupings of wildlife viewing sites. The first stretches from the Coleman area, near Abilene, through Austin and San Antonio, to Laredo. The second is a cluster in the Texas Hill Country and southwest Rio Grande Valley bounded roughly by San Angelo, Del Rio, and Fredericksburg.

Howard College

Howard College is a community college with its main campus in Big Spring, Texas and branch campuses in San Angelo and Lamesa.

Knickerbocker, Texas

Knickerbocker is an unincorporated community in southwestern Tom Green County, Texas, United States. It lies along Farm to Market Road 2335 southwest of the city of San Angelo, the county seat of Tom Green County. Its elevation is 2,051 feet (625 m). Although Knickerbocker is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 76939.Named for Washington Irving's character Diedrich Knickerbocker by early settlers related to Irving, the community quickly became significant, being the most important community in the county aside from San Angelo. Agriculture was long the community's mainstay, between grain farming and sheep ranching. The first settlers in the area arrived in 1875, and the first townsite was established along Dove Creek; Knickerbocker's post office was established in 1881 and rebuilt in 1896 and 1936. The community was moved in 1889 around a nearby hill to have better access to water. Local children were able to attend school in Knickerbocker starting in 1889, but the school was closed and merged into Christoval's system in 1956.

Lake Nasworthy

Lake Nasworthy is a small municipal lake located in San Angelo, Texas. The lake is named for John R. Nasworthy, who sold the land where the lake is located to the city. The lake was built by West Texas Utilities Company in 1930 to provide municipal water to the city of San Angelo and surrounding areas.

Mereta, Texas

Mereta (also Fisherville or Lipan) is an unincorporated community in eastern Tom Green County, Texas, United States. It lies along local roads east of the city of San Angelo, the county seat of Tom Green County. Its elevation is 1,755 feet (535 m). Although Mereta is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 76940; the ZCTA for ZIP Code 76940 had a population of 138 at the 2000 census.Mereta was named by the local postmaster in honor of twin sisters, named Meta and Reta, who lived in the area in 1902. The community itself was platted in 1904.

Miss Hattie's Bordello

Miss Hattie's Bordello is a tourist trap and interpretive museum located in downtown San Angelo, Texas. It purports to be the building where "Miss Hattie" operated a brothel from 1902 to 1952.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Tom Green County, Texas

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Tom Green County, Texas

This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Tom Green County, Texas. The county hosts two districts, one of which is a National Historic Landmark (NHL), and 66 individually listed properties. The NHL district is also a State Antiquities Landmark and contains numerous Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks (RTHL). Six additional National Register properties are also RTHLs. An additional property has been removed from the National Register.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted May 17, 2019.

Orient, Texas

Orient is an unincorporated community in northeastern Tom Green County, Texas. The community's name originated from its location along the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway.

San Angelo State Park

San Angelo State Park is a Texas state park in San Angelo, Texas in the United States. It encompasses 7,677 acres (3,107 ha) leased by Texas Parks and Wildlife Department from the United States Army Corps of Engineers. It opened in 1995 and is located on the shores of the O.C. Fisher Reservoir.

Tankersley, Texas

Tankersley, also known as Tankersly and MacGrath, is an unincorporated community in Tom Green County, Texas, United States. Tankersley is located on U.S. Route 67, Farm to Market Road 2335, and a BNSF Railway line in west-central Tom Green County.

Vancourt, Texas

Vancourt is an unincorporated community in eastern Tom Green County, Texas, United States. It lies along U.S. Route 87 east of the city of San Angelo, the county seat of Tom Green County. Its elevation is 1,867 feet (569 m). Although Vancourt is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 76955; the ZCTA for ZIP Code 76955 had a population of 108 at the 2000 census.Vancourt was named for the wife of the community's first postmaster, whose maiden name was Van Court. It lies in an area whose economy depends primarily on ranching.

Veribest, Texas

Veribest is an unincorporated community in Tom Green County, Texas, United States. According to the Handbook of Texas, the community had an estimated population of 40 in 2000. It is part of the San Angelo, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Wall, Texas

Wall is an unincorporated community in Tom Green County, Texas, United States. According to the Handbook of Texas, the community had an estimated population of 200 in 2000. The community is part of the San Angelo, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Water Valley, Texas

Water Valley is an unincorporated community in Tom Green County, Texas, United States. According to the Handbook of Texas, the community had an estimated population of 120 in 2000. The community is part of the San Angelo, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Places adjacent to Tom Green County, Texas
Municipalities and communities of Tom Green County, Texas, United States
City
CDPs
Other
unincorporated
communities
Ghost town
Topics
Society
Regions
Metropolitan
areas
Counties

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.