Tom Flores

Thomas Raymond Flores (born March 21, 1937) is a Mexican-American former professional football coach and player.

He and Mike Ditka are the only two people in National Football League history to win a Super Bowl as a player, assistant coach, and head coach (Super Bowl IV as a player for the Chiefs, Super Bowl XI as an assistant coach of the Raiders, and Super Bowl XV and Super Bowl XVIII as head coach of the Raiders). Flores was also the first Hispanic starting quarterback and the first minority head coach in professional football history to win a Super Bowl.[1]

Until his dismissal in 2018, Flores served as radio announcer for the Raiders Radio Network.[2]

Tom Flores
No. 15, 16, 12
Personal information
Born:March 21, 1937 (age 82)
Fresno, California
Career information
High school:Sanger (CA)
Career history
As player:
As coach:
Career highlights and awards
As Player
As Coach
Career NFL statistics
Passing yards:11,959
Passer rating:67.6
Player stats at
Head coaching record
Regular season:97–87 (.527)
Postseason:8–3 (.727)
Career:105–90 (.538)
Player stats at PFR
Coaching stats at PFR

Playing career

Flores played quarterback for two seasons at Fresno City College, beginning in 1955. He was active off the field too, serving on the Student Council and as President of the Associated Men's Students. He received an academic scholarship to study at the College (now University) of the Pacific. Flores graduated from the University of the Pacific in 1958, but was unable to find a job in professional football. He was cut by the Calgary Stampeders of the CFL in 1958, after which he spent the season with the Salinas Packers of the Pacific Football Conference along with future Raider teammate turned pro wrestler Don Manoukian. A second attempt to break into pro football with the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL) in 1959 also failed. In 1960, Flores finally landed a position as a quarterback with the American Football League's Oakland Raiders, who began play in 1960 as a charter member of the league. He was named the Raiders' starter early that season, becoming the first-ever Hispanic starting quarterback in professional football.

Flores had his most productive season in 1966. Although he completed only 49.3 percent of his attempts, he passed for 2,638 yards and 24 touchdowns in 14 games. Oakland traded him to the Buffalo Bills in 1967. After serving primarily as Jack Kemp's backup, he was released by the Bills after that season (a move that would turn out to be a mistake, as Kemp would be injured in 1968 and the team lacked a competent backup). Flores signed with the Kansas City Chiefs in 1969, where he was backup to Len Dawson on the Chiefs' Super Bowl Championship team. He retired as a player after the 1970 season. He was one of only twenty players who were in the AFL for its entire ten-year existence. He is the fifth-leading passer in the AFL's history.

In 1988, Flores was inducted into the Fresno County Athletic Hall of Fame.[3] In 2007, Flores was inducted into the California Sports Hall of Fame. In 2011, he was also inducted into the California Community College Athletic Association Hall of Fame. In July 2011, Flores received the distinguished Roberto Clemente Award for Sports Excellence that is given by the National Council of La Raza for contributions in society by an Hispanic Athlete. In 2012, he was also inducted into the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame.

Coaching career

Flores is a member of the Sid Gillman coaching tree. After stints as an assistant coach in Buffalo and Oakland (he won a Super Bowl XI ring as an assistant coach under John Madden), Flores became the Raiders' head coach in 1979, following Madden's retirement. In 1980, Flores lead the Raiders as a wild card playoff team to win the Super Bowl XV championship over the Philadelphia Eagles (27-10). This was the first wild card team to win the Super Bowl and the only team to win four post-season games enroute to a title until Denver accomplished the same feat in 1997. Flores then moved with the team to Los Angeles in 1982. In the 1983 season Flores lead the Raiders to another Super Bowl (XVIII) victory over the Washington Redskins (38-9). In total, as head coach Flores won 8 of 11 (72.7%) games in post season play. He was named AFC Coach of the year by United Press International and the Football Writer’s Association in 1982.

It is noteworthy that Tom Flores won a championship as a player with the Kansas City Chiefs in 1969, as an assistant with the Oakland Raiders in 1976, and as a head coach for the Raiders in 1980 and 1983.

Flores was the NFL's first minority head coach to win a Super Bowl, winning twice – Super Bowl XV with the Oakland Raiders and Super Bowl XVIII with the Los Angeles Raiders.

After a 5–10 finish to the 1987 season, Flores moved to the Raiders' front office, but left after just one year to become the president and general manager of the Seattle Seahawks. He returned to coaching as the Seahawks head coach in 1992, but was fired after the 1994 season following three disappointing seasons.[4]

His 83 wins with the Raiders are the second-most in franchise history, behind only Madden. Flores left Pro Football with a lifetime coaching record of 97–87 (52.7%), as well as an 8–3 playoff record, with two Super Bowl victories. Flores, Jimmy Johnson, and George Seifert are the only eligible coaches with two such victories who have not been selected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

Head coaching record

Team Year Regular season Postseason
Won Lost Ties Win % Finish Won Lost Win % Result
OAK 1979 9 7 0 .563 4th in AFC West
OAK 1980 11 5 0 .688 2nd in AFC West 4 0 1.000 Super Bowl XV Champions.
OAK 1981 7 9 0 .438 4th in AFC West
RAI 1982 8 1 0 .889 1st in AFC 1 1 .500 Lost to New York Jets in AFC Second Round Game.
RAI 1983 12 4 0 .750 1st in AFC West 3 0 1.000 Super Bowl XVIII Champions.
RAI 1984 11 5 0 .688 3rd in AFC West 0 1 .000 Lost to Seattle Seahawks in AFC Wild-Card Game.
RAI 1985 12 4 0 .750 1st in AFC West 0 1 .000 Lost to New England Patriots in AFC Divisional Game.
RAI 1986 8 8 0 .500 4th in AFC West
RAI 1987 5 10 0 .333 4th in AFC West
OAK/RAI total 83 53 0 .610 8 3 .727
SEA 1992 2 14 0 .125 5th in AFC West
SEA 1993 6 10 0 .375 5th in AFC West
SEA 1994 6 10 0 .375 5th in AFC West
SEA total 14 34 0 .292
Total[5] 97 87 0 .527 8 3 .727

Post-coaching career

From 1997 until his dismissal in 2018, Flores served as color commentator alongside play-by-play announcer Greg Papa for the Raiders Radio Network.[6]

Flores served as coach of the American team in the 2011 NFLPA Collegiate Bowl.[7]

Personal life

Flores was born March 21, 1937 in Fresno, California. Sanger High School's Football stadium is named "Tom Flores Stadium" in honor of Flores, who was a graduate of Sanger. He heads the Tom Flores Youth Foundation which benefits the K-8th grades in the Sanger School district in the fields of art, science, and sports. In 1961 Flores married Barbara Fridell. Together, they have twin sons and a daughter, three grandsons and two granddaughters. Flores holds an honorary doctorate degree from Pepperdine University for humanitarian service. His biography “Fire in the Ice Man” was released in 1992. Flores also coauthored “Tales of the Oakland Raiders” (2002). Tom is still involved with the Raiders for various events.

See also


  • Fire in the Iceman: Autobiography of Tom Flores by Flores
  1. ^ Tom Flores, Jim Plunkett blazed path to Raiders popularity in Mexico. Paul Gutierrez, ESPN
  2. ^ Matt Kawahara (July 18, 2018). "Tom Flores says he's out as Raiders radio analyst". Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  3. ^ "Fresno County Athletic Hall of Fame | Home". Fresno County Athletic Hall of Fame | Home. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
  4. ^ "Seahawks Fire Flores And His Entire Staff -- Successor Not Named; Walsh Role Possible". Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  5. ^ Tom Flores Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks -
  6. ^ Matt Kawahara (July 18, 2018). "Tom Flores says he's out as Raiders radio analyst". Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  7. ^ Alper, Josh (November 7, 2011). "NFLPA will hold pre-draft game in Los Angeles". Retrieved January 9, 2013.
1960 American Football League season

The 1960 American Football League season was the inaugural regular season of the American Football League (AFL). It consisted of 8 franchises split into two divisions: the East Division (Buffalo Bills, Houston Oilers, Titans of New York, Boston Patriots) and the West Division (Los Angeles Chargers, Denver Broncos, Dallas Texans, Oakland Raiders).

The season ended when the Houston Oilers defeated the Los Angeles Chargers 24–16 in the inaugural AFL Championship game.

1960 Oakland Raiders season

The 1960 Oakland Raiders season was the inaugural one for the franchise and for the American Football League. Head coach Eddie Erdelatz led the team to a 6–8 finish, third out of four teams in the Western Division.

1964 Oakland Raiders season

The 1964 Oakland Raiders season was the team's fifth in both Oakland and the American Football League. The campaign saw the team attempt to improve upon its impressive 10–4 record from 1963. The Raiders' efforts, however, would prove fruitless. The team staggered out to an abysmal 1–7–1 record over its first nine games. While the Raiders pulled themselves together over the final five games of the season (in what amounted to a 4–0–1 run), their slow start ensured that they would miss the postseason for a fifth consecutive year.

1968 Buffalo Bills season

The 1968 Buffalo Bills season was the team’s ninth season.

The Bills' 1–12–1 record in 1968 (a 0.107 winning percentage) is the second-worst in team history: the 1971 Bills went 1–13. They were one of only two teams in AFL history (the other being the 1962 Oakland Raiders) to finish the season with only one victory.

The Bills, coming off a 4–10 season in 1967, fired coach Joe Collier after an 0–2 start in 1968. Defensive backfield coach Harvey Johnson was promoted to interim head coach, where he went 1–10–1 to finish the year.With the release of running back Wray Carlton, wide receiver Elbert Dubenion the last player from the Bills' original roster in 1960 to still be with the club.The majority of Buffalo's games were started by backup quarterback Dan Darragh, after injuries claimed the seasons of long-time starter Jack Kemp and new addition Tom Flores. Even Darragh and new addition Kay Stephenson were injured. Ultimately, running back Ed Rutkowski, who hadn't played the quarterback position since college six years prior, ended up starting at quarterback for the Bills.Buffalo's only win of the season was a home victory over the New York Jets, in which the Bills held a 16-point lead in the fourth quarter before giving up two late touchdowns to the Jets. Ultimately, the Bills were able to hold on to the two-point win.

1978 Oakland Raiders season

The 1978 Oakland Raiders season was the team's 19th season. During a pre-season game, Jack Tatum paralyzed New England Patriots wide receiver Darryl Stingley from the chest down while making a hit.

1978 would prove to be an up and down year for the silver and black. The Raiders were plagued by one of quarterback Kenny Stabler's worst seasons, tossing 16 TD's, while throwing 30 interceptions. The running game also fell off from seasons past. Even the great wide receiver Cliff Branch, only caught one touchdown. The season started off with a 14 to 6 loss in Denver. The Raiders would rally to a 5 – 3 start, then climbed to 8 – 4. After a last minute loss to the Seattle Seahawks 17 – 16, a team beat the Raiders twice in the same season for the first time since 1965. Then the Broncos completed their sweep of the Raiders with a 21 – 6 victory in Oakland, followed by a 23 – 6 defeat in Miami. A meaningless 27 – 20 victory over the Minnesota Vikings kept the Raiders consecutive seasons with a winning record streak alive. This was head coach John Madden's last season as head coach of the team. He was replaced by new coach Tom Flores.

1991 Seattle Seahawks season

The 1991 Seattle Seahawks season was the team's 16th season with the National Football League. The 1991 season was the last season for head coach Chuck Knox, who left to become Head Coach of the Los Angeles Rams while President and General Manager Tom Flores replaced him.

1992 Seattle Seahawks season

The 1992 Seattle Seahawks season was the team's 17th season with the National Football League. The 1992 season was the first of three seasons in Seattle for head coach Tom Flores. The Seahawks' 0.125 winning percentage in 1992 remains the worst in franchise history.

The Seahawks' 140 points (8.8 points per game) scored in the regular season is the lowest total for any team playing a 16-game season. For comparison, the 2008 Detroit Lions, who went winless, scored 268 points, nearly double. Long-time quarterback Dave Krieg had left Seattle for the rival Kansas City Chiefs in the offseason, leaving Seattle with Kelly Stouffer, Stan Gelbaugh and Dan McGwire (brother of Major League Baseball star Mark McGwire) as their three quarterbacks.

Football Outsiders calls Seattle's 1992 offense "the worst offense in (their ranking system's) history." Seattle's 1,778 passing yards are the fewest in a season by any team during the 1990s. Seattle was so inept that from the first game of the season until their Week 13 overtime win over Denver, they collectively had fewer points scored than punts attempted; for the entire season, the team finished with only slightly more points than punts. The team failed to score more than 17 points in a single game.

Despite their historically inept offense, Football Outsiders also ranked Seattle as having the third-best defense in 1992, making them the most imbalanced team ever measured. The Seahawks' star defensive tackle Cortez Kennedy was named the 1992 NFL Defensive Player of the Year. Seattle gave up the fourth-fewest passing yards (2,661), and tied for fewest passing touchdowns allowed (11) of any team in 1992.

Before Seattle's Monday Night Football victory over Denver in the Kingdome the Seahawks honored Pete Gross inducting him as the first member of the Ring of Honor. Gross would die two days later after his long bout with cancer. That game would also be the last MNF game played in the Kingdome and the last in Seattle until 2002 (the Seahawks themselves didn't appear on MNF again until Mike Holmgren's return to Green Bay in 1999).

1993 Seattle Seahawks season

The 1993 Seattle Seahawks season was the team's 18th in the National Football League (NFL). Playing under head coach and general manager Tom Flores, the team finished with a 6–10 win–loss record in the American Football Conference (AFC) West and missed the playoffs for the fifth straight season. In the first round of the 1993 NFL Draft, Seattle selected quarterback Rick Mirer, who became their starter for the 1993 season.

At the end of the season, running back Chris Warren, defensive tackle Cortez Kennedy, and safety Eugene Robinson were selected to play for the AFC in the 1994 Pro Bowl, the NFL's honorary all-star game.

1994 Seattle Seahawks season

The 1994 Seattle Seahawks season was the team's 19th season with the National Football League. The 1994 season was head coach Tom Flores' last with the team. The team played their two preseason and first three regular season home games at Husky Stadium due to the collapse of four ceiling tiles at the Kingdome on July 19.

Bob Dee

Robert Henry Dee (May 18, 1933 – April 18, 1979) was an American football defensive end in the National Football League and the American Football League. He was a three-sport letterman at the College of the Holy Cross who was one of the first players signed by the Boston Patriots of the American Football League in 1960.

After two years with the Washington Redskins in 1957–58, Dee returned to Holy Cross to tutor the team's linemen.

He became an ironman of the American Football League who never missed a game during his career, starting 112 consecutive games. Despite equipment improvements over the years, Dee was a superstitious player who chose to wear the same helmet throughout his career (105 of 112 games). Dee etched his name in the history books by scoring the first points in American Football League history, scoring a touchdown when he dove onto a fumble by Bills QB Tommy O'Connell (father of former Boston Bruins GM Mike O'Connell) the end zone in the second quarter of the league's first-ever exhibition game, a contest between the Patriots and the Bills on July 30, 1960. He was voted to four American Football League All-Star teams (1961, 1963–65) and is a member of the Patriots All-1960s (AFL) Team.

Dee recorded 33 QB sacks (not including his strip sack of Tommy O'Connell in the AFL's first Exhibition Game).

Dee sacked Frank Tripucka, Al Dorow, Hunter Enis, Jacky Lee, MC Reynolds, Randy Duncan, Cotton Davidson, George Blanda, Jack Kemp, Johnny Green, John Hadl, Tobin Rote, Len Dawson, Eddie Wilson, Dick Wood, Joe Namath, Tom Flores, Rick Norton and Bob Griese and recovered fumbles by Al Carmichael, Art Baker, Wayne Crow, Jacky Lee, Paul Lowe, Bill Tobin, Wray Carlton & Max Chobian.

He had two interceptions in the Patriots 26-8 Eastern Divisional Playoff Game win over the Buffalo Bills. In that game, he wore one sneaker and one football shoe with spikes, which made him maneuver better in the snow in the game played at War Memorial Stadium on December 28, 1963.

On July 22, 1968, Dee announced his retirement from professional football, citing a business opportunity that was "too good to resist."

Dee died of a heart attack in 1979 while on a business trip.

He was awarded a game ball for his outstanding performance in the Patriots 34-17 win over the Houston Oilers on November 29, 1964.

He was inducted in the Patriots Hall of Fame on August 18, 1993.

In recognition of his accomplishments on the field, the Patriots retired his number (89).

Dan Darragh

Daniel Meyer Darragh (born November 28, 1946) is a former American football player. He played college football at William & Mary. A quarterback, he played professionally in the American Football League for the Buffalo Bills from 1968 through 1969, and for the NFL Bills in 1970. He shared the starting job with Ed Rutkowski, Kay Stephenson and Tom Flores in 1968 while long-time starter and former AFL MVP Jack Kemp was out with an injury. He is now a practicing attorney in Pittsburgh.

Jim Lee Hunt

Jim Lee "Earthquake" Hunt (October 5, 1938 – November 22, 1975) was an American college and professional football player from Prairie View A&M University who played defensive tackle for the American Football League's Boston Patriots from 1960 through 1969, and for the NFL' Boston Patriots in 1970. He was a four-time AFL All-Star, and was one of only twenty men to play the entire ten years of the AFL. He was used as a defensive end occasionally.

Kelly Stouffer

Kelly Wayne Stouffer, (born July 6, 1964), is a former American football quarterback in the NFL. He spent most of his career with the Seattle Seahawks from 1988–1992. He graduated from Rushville High School in Rushville, Nebraska and attended Colorado State University.

He is a television color analyst for college football games on ESPN/ABC, and was formerly with the NFL on FOX, Versus, MountainWest Sports Network and Minnesota Vikings pre-season games.

At the conclusion of his collegiate career, he achieved notoriety when, after being selected by the St. Louis Cardinals in the first round of the 1987 NFL Draft, he sat out what would have been his rookie year due to an inability to agree on a contract. The following season, the Cardinals traded his rights to the Seattle Seahawks, who listed Stouffer as third-string behind starter Dave Krieg and veteran backup Jeff Kemp. Krieg would be sidelined with a separated shoulder, and the following week Kemp was ineffective starting in place of Krieg and was benched in favor of Stouffer by halftime. Stouffer endeared himself to Seattle fans in one play where, after having his nose broken, he threw for a long gain resulting in a touchdown. For several weeks, Stouffer filled in until Krieg returned to the lineup. Stouffer seemed to regress in the eyes of Seahawk coaches over the next couple of years, and fell back to third string behind Kemp.

Once Seahawk head coach Chuck Knox was replaced by Tom Flores and Dave Krieg was let go, Stouffer won the starting job, beating out Dan McGwire and Stan Gelbaugh. Stouffer was injured in week 5, and the Seahawks started the season 1-4. After McGwire was quickly injured, journeyman Gelbaugh became the starter, yielding the job to Stouffer once Stouffer recovered. Stouffer, who seemed to have been showing a return to his rookie form just before his injury, was never the same, however, and Gelbaugh quickly became the established starter. The following season, Stouffer was released.

Stouffer was signed by the Miami Dolphins to a free agent contract in April 1994 but was released prior to the regular season.

Two years later, Stouffer was signed by the Carolina Panthers to a free agent contract in March 1996 but was released prior to the regular season.

In 2000, Stouffer finished his B.S. degree in biology from the Colorado State University College of Agricultural Sciences and became the first undergraduate to earn that degree via the college's distance learning program.

List of Buffalo Bills starting quarterbacks

These quarterbacks have started at least one game for the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League. The Bills are a professional American football franchise based in the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area. The team competes in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the American Football Conference (AFC) East division. The quarterbacks are listed in order of the date of each player's first start for the team at that position.

List of Oakland Raiders broadcasters

Raider games are broadcast in English on 16 radio stations in California, including flagship station KCBS-AM (740 AM) and 95.7 The Game (95.7 FM) in San Francisco. Additionally, games are broadcast on 20 radio stations in California, Nevada, Hawaii, Colorado, Arkansas, and New York. Brent Musburger is the play-by-play announcer, with former Raiders tackle Lincoln Kennedy doing commentary. George Atkinson and Jim Plunkett offer pre- and post-game commentary. Compass Media Networks is responsible for producing and distributing Raiders radio broadcasts.

Until 2009, the flagship was KSFO (560 AM) in San Francisco with a network of thirty radio stations in Hawaii, Oregon, Nevada, New Mexico, and British Columbia.

Bill King, the Voice of the Raiders called the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders from 1966 to 1994. He called approximately 600 games. The Raiders awarded him all three rings. King left after the 1992 season. It's Bill's radio audio heard on most of the NFL Films highlight footage of the Raiders. King's color men in Oakland included former San Francisco 49ers tight end Monty Stickles and Scotty Stirling, a sports writer for the Oakland Tribune. Many of the years, KGO 810 did promos as Raider Radio - 81. King's call of the Holy Roller has been labeled (by Chris Berman, among others) as one of 5 best in NFL history. King died in October 2005 from complications after surgery. Scotty Stirling, an Oakland Tribune sportswriter served as the "color man" with King. The Raider games were called on radio from 1960–62 by Bud (Wilson Keene) Foster and Mel Venter; from 1963–65 by Bob Blum and Dan Galvin.

Until their dismissal prior to the 2018 season, Greg Papa was the voice of the Raiders with former Raiders quarterback and head coach Tom Flores doing commentary from 1997 until 2017.

List of Oakland Raiders head coaches

There have been 20 head coaches for the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL). The Raiders franchise was founded in Oakland, California in 1959 and became the eighth member of the American Football League (AFL) in 1960 as a replacement for the Minnesota Vikings, who had moved to the NFL. The Raiders joined the NFL in 1970, after the AFL–NFL merger. They played in Los Angeles between 1982 and 1995, before returning to Oakland. As of the end of the 2015 season, the Raiders have played 852 games in a total of 56 seasons in the AFL and NFL. In those games, two coaches have won the Super Bowl with the team: John Madden in 1976 and Tom Flores in 1980 and 1983. One coach, John Rauch in 1966, won the AFL Championship. Four other coaches, Art Shell, Jack Del Rio, Jon Gruden and Bill Callahan, have also taken the Raiders to the playoffs. Callahan led the Raiders to the Super Bowl. He did this in his first year as head coach of the team.Shell and Gruden are the only coaches to have more than one tenure with the team, and Flores and Shell are the only coaches to have coached the team in both Oakland and Los Angeles. The worst coach statistically in Raiders history is Red Conkright, with a winning percentage of .111, while Rauch is statistically the best, with a winning percentage of .805. However, the all-time leader in both games coached and wins is Madden, with 142 and 103 respectively. Of the 20 Raiders coaches, Al Davis and Madden are the only Raider coaches to be inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame for their contributions as coaches. Davis, who was also the Managing General partner and an AFL Commissioner, was in the Hall of Fame class of 1992. Madden was in the 2006 class. Two coaches, Flores and Shell, are also former players for the Raiders. Shell was also inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1989, but as a player.

List of Oakland Raiders starting quarterbacks

These quarterbacks have started at least one game for the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League. They are listed in order of the date of each player's first start at quarterback for the team.

List of Seattle Seahawks head coaches

The Seattle Seahawks are a professional American football team based in Seattle, Washington. They are members of the Western Division of the National Football Conference (NFC) in the National Football League (NFL). The team, along with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, joined the NFL in 1976 as expansion teams. The Seahawks are the only team to have played in both the American Football Conference (AFC) and NFC Championship Games. The team has made three Super Bowl appearances; they lost to the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XL, before winning Super Bowl XLVIII against the Denver Broncos. The Seahawks then lost Super Bowl XLIX to the New England Patriots.

There have been eight coaches for the Seahawks franchise. The team's current coach, Pete Carroll, joined the team in 2010. Mike Holmgren, the Seahawks' sixth coach, has the team records for the most games coached (160, with 10 playoff games), wins (86), and losses (74). Tom Flores, who coached the team from 1991 to 1994, was the team's least successful coach with a winning percentage of .292. Mike McCormack is the only Seahawks coach to have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

Oakland Raiders

The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football franchise based in Oakland, California. The Raiders compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) West division. Founded on January 30, 1960, they played their first regular season game on September 11, 1960, as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL) which merged with the NFL in 1970.

The Raiders' off-field fortunes have varied considerably over the years. The team's first three years of operation (1960–1962) were marred by poor on-field performance, financial difficulties, and spotty attendance. In 1963, however, the Raiders' fortunes improved dramatically with the introduction of head coach (and eventual owner) Al Davis. In 1967, after several years of improvement, the Raiders reached the postseason for the first time. The team would go on to win its first (and only) AFL Championship that year; in doing so, the Raiders advanced to Super Bowl II, where they were soundly defeated by the Green Bay Packers. Since 1963, the team has won 15 division titles (three AFL and 12 NFL), four AFC Championships (1976, 1980, 1983, and 2002), one AFL Championship (1967), and three Super Bowl Championships (XI, XV, and XVIII). At the end of the NFL's 2018 season, the Raiders boasted a lifetime regular season record of 466 wins, 423 losses, and 11 ties; their lifetime playoff record currently stands at 25 wins and 19 losses.The team departed Oakland to play in Los Angeles from the 1982 season until the 1994 season before returning to Oakland at the start of the 1995 season. Al Davis owned the team from 1972 until his death in 2011. Control of the franchise was then given to Al's son Mark Davis.

On March 27, 2017, NFL team owners voted nearly unanimously to approve the Raiders' application to relocate from Oakland to Las Vegas, Nevada, in a 31–1 vote at the annual league meetings in Phoenix, Arizona. The Raiders plan to remain in the Bay Area through 2019, and relocate to Las Vegas in 2020, pending the completion of the team's planned new stadium.The Raiders are known for their extensive fan base and distinctive team culture. The Raiders have 14 former members who have been enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. They have previously played at Kezar Stadium in San Francisco, Candlestick Park in San Francisco, Frank Youell Field in Oakland, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, and the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum in Oakland.

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