Tom Connolly

Thomas Henry Connolly (December 31, 1870 – April 28, 1961) was an English-American umpire in Major League Baseball. He officiated in the National League from 1898 to 1900, followed by 31 years of service in the American League from 1901 to 1931.[1] In over half a century as an American League umpire and supervisor, he established the high standards for which the circuit's arbiters became known, and solidified the reputation for integrity of umpires in the major leagues.

Tom Connolly
Tom Connolly 1916
Connolly at the 1916 World Series
Born: December 31, 1870
Manchester, England
Died: April 28, 1961 (aged 90)
Natick, Massachusetts
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Election MethodVeterans Committee

Early life

Connolly was born in Manchester, England, and played cricket as a boy. It was not until his family emigrated to the United States in 1885, settling in Natick, Massachusetts, that he saw the game of baseball played for the first time, but he was quickly fascinated and resolved himself to learning as much about the game as he could. He immersed himself in the rule book, and within a few years was umpiring for local games. While working in YMCA games, he was discovered by major league umpire Tim Hurst, who obtained a position for Connolly in the New England League, where he umpired from 1894 to 1897.[2]

MLB career

In 1898, the National League (NL) brought Connolly up to the majors, but he was angered by the league president's reluctance to back up umpires' decisions on the field, and resigned in the middle of the 1900 season, then signed with the fledgling American League (AL) in 1901. That league's president, Ban Johnson, was eager to create a reputation for the AL as a solid challenger to the NL, and he gave umpires a greater measure of support than they had previously received, demonstrating that attacks upon umpires would not be tolerated and that their judgment was final. On April 24, 1901, Connolly had the privilege of umpiring, as its sole arbiter, the first AL game ever played.[3]

Although he had begun his career by showing that he was willing to remove players from the field — he ejected more than 10 in his first AL season[1] — he came to earn great respect from the players, and once went 5 full seasons (1925–1929) without ejecting a player.[1]note He also showed an ability to stand firm against the toughest players in defense of the rules; on September 11, 1912, he called Ty Cobb out for stepping across home plate while batting, after Cobb had batted in a run during an attempted intentional walk.[4] During the ensuing argument, Connolly was struck in the mouth by a bottle thrown by a spectator.[5] His reputation earned him prominent game assignments, including the first AL games ever played at Comiskey Park, Shibe Park, Fenway Park, and Yankee Stadium. Connolly was also the sole AL umpire chosen to work in the first World Series in 1903.

In 1931, new AL president Will Harridge was concerned about widespread complaints that the quality of umpiring in the league had deteriorated, and Connolly retired from active field work to become the league's first supervisor of umpires. Travelling throughout the league to work with other umpires and ensure that everyone's work was meeting the same high standards, he remained in that post until 1954, and came to be known as the nation's foremost expert on baseball rules.

In his career, Connolly worked in an AL-record eight World Series: 1903, 1908 (even-numbered games), 1910, 1911, 1913, 1916, 1920 and 1924. He was also the home plate umpire for Addie Joss' perfect game on October 2, 1908,[6] one of four no-hitters in which he called balls and strikes.

Later life

Connolly was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953, one of the first two umpires (the NL's Bill Klem was the other) given that honor.[2] Connolly and Klem are the only two umpires in history to have worked in five decades; Connolly's record of 31 years umpiring American League games was broken by Larry Barnett in 1999.

Connolly died in 1961 at age 90 in Natick, Massachusetts, survived by seven children,[7] and predeceased by his wife, who had died in 1943.[2]


^note Some sources say 10 years,[2] but detailed ejection logs on Retrosheet show only 5 years.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Tommy Connolly". Retrosheet. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Anderson, David W. "Tommy Connolly". SABR. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  3. ^ "Chicago 8, Cleveland 2 (box score)". Chicago Tribune. April 25, 1901. Retrieved August 21, 2017 – via
  4. ^ "Called Cobb Out, Hit with Bottle". The Philadelphia Inquirer. September 12, 1912. Retrieved August 21, 2017 – via
  5. ^ "Umpire Struck by Bottle". Chicago Tribune. September 12, 1912. Retrieved August 21, 2017 – via
  6. ^ "Addie Joss Perfect Game Box Score". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  7. ^ "Ex-Umpire Connolly is Dead at 90". Chicago Tribune. UPI. April 29, 1961. Retrieved August 21, 2017 – via

External links

1953 Major League Baseball season

The 1953 Major League Baseball season was contested from April 13 to October 12, 1953. It marked the first relocation of an MLB franchise in fifty years, as the Boston Braves moved their NL franchise to Milwaukee, where they would play their home games at the new County Stadium.

The New York Yankees won their fifth consecutive World Series championship. A MLB record, as of 2019.

1998 Maine gubernatorial election

The 1998 Maine gubernatorial election took place on November 3, 1998. Independent Governor Angus King sought a second and final term as governor. King faced off against former United States Congressman James B. Longley, Jr., the Republican nominee; attorney Thomas J. Connolly, the Democratic nominee; and several other independent candidates, including Green candidate Pat LaMarche, who would later serve as the Green Party's Vice Presidential nominee in the 2004 presidential election.

1998 was the first Maine gubernatorial election since 1982 in which the winning candidate received greater than 50% of the vote. This was not achieved again until 2018.

2010 Shamrock Rovers F.C. season

The 2010 Shamrock Rovers F.C. season was the club's 89th season competing in the League of Ireland and the team's second season under the stewardship of Michael O'Neill. The team finished the season as Premier Division

champions, narrowly beating rivals Bohemians to the title by virtue of a better goal difference.Gary Twigg concluded the season as the league's top goalscorer for the second season in succession. The Hoops reached the 2010 FAI Cup Final, the semifinals of the 2010 League of Ireland Cup, the quarterfinals of the 2010 Leinster Senior Cup and defeated Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F.C. in the second qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League before losing to Juventus in the next round.

The team played a direct style of football throughout the season, with Michael O'Neill generally employing the 4–5–1 formation.

2010 St Patrick's Athletic F.C. season

The 2010 season is St. Patricks Athletic F.C.'s 81st year in existence, and their 59th year in the top division. The previous season the Saints finished 7th, failing to qualify for any European Competition.

2011 Sligo Rovers F.C. season

The 2011 Sligo Rovers F.C. season is the club's 67th season competing in the League of Ireland and the team's fifth season under the management of Paul Cook.

2012 Dundalk F.C. season

The 2012 season was Dundalk's 4th successive season in the League of Ireland Premier Division. The club finished in 11th position, requiring them to play a promotion/relegation play-off against Waterford United of the First Division; a tie which they won on aggregate, thus retaining their place in the Premier Division for the 2013 season. During the season, the club also competed in the FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup and the Leinster Senior Cup.

2012 League of Ireland Cup Final

The 2012 League of Ireland Cup Final also known as the 2012 EA Sports Cup Final was the final match of the 2012 League of Ireland Cup, the 39th season of the League of Ireland Cup, a football competition for the 27 teams from the Premier Division, First Division, A Championship and the Ulster Senior League.

The final was played on Saturday, 22 September 2012 in Tallaght Stadium, Dublin.

The match was televised live by Setanta Sports.

If the scores were level after 90 minutes of play, then extra-time of 30 minutes duration would have been played, followed by a penalty shoot-out, if required to determine the winners of the cup.

The match was won 3-1 by Drogheda.

2012 Shamrock Rovers F.C. season

The 2012 Shamrock Rovers F.C. season is the club's 91st season competing in the League of Ireland and their 6th consecutive season in the top-flight of Irish football.

Shamrock Rovers began with a 2-1 win over Drogheda United in the Premier Division at Hunky Dorys Park on 2 March 2012.

2012 University College Dublin A.F.C. season

The 2012 season was University College Dublin A.F.C.'s third successive season in the League of Ireland Premier Division. The club, more commonly known as UCD, finished in 9th position and thus retained their place in the division for the 2013 season. During the 2012 season, the club also competed in the FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup and the Leinster Senior Cup.

Charles Widmore

Charles Widmore is a fictional character on the ABC television series Lost, which chronicles the lives of over forty people after their plane crashes on a remote island somewhere in the south Pacific. He is primarily portrayed by Alan Dale; Tom Connolly and David S. Lee portray him as a young and middle-aged man, respectively.

Charles is a member of the island's native population, the Others, and serves as their leader until he is banished from the island. He is the father of Penelope Widmore (Sonya Walger) and Daniel Faraday (Jeremy Davies), although he is estranged from both of them. The character is first introduced in the second-season finale as a wealthy industrialist, who disapproves of the relationship between his daughter and Desmond Hume (Henry Ian Cusick). After being mostly depicted in Desmond's flashbacks, his role expanded throughout the fourth season.

Alan Dale has received praise for his performance, and critics have also responded positively to the mystery surrounding the character.

Jughead (Lost)

"Jughead" is the third television episode of the fifth season of ABC's Lost. The 89th episode of the show overall, "Jughead" aired on January 28, 2009, on ABC in the United States, being simulcast on A in Canada. The episode was written by co-executive producer Elizabeth Sarnoff and supervising producer Paul Zbyszewski and directed by "Hearts and Minds" director Rod Holcomb.In 2007, Desmond Hume searches for a woman who could help the survivors stuck on the island stop the island's shifts. On the island, John Locke, James "Sawyer" Ford and Juliet Burke try to save Daniel Faraday, Charlotte Lewis and Miles Straume from the Others.

List of The Blacklist characters

The Blacklist is an American crime drama television series that premiered on NBC on September 23, 2013. Raymond "Red" Reddington (James Spader), a former government agent turned high-profile criminal, who had eluded capture for decades, voluntarily surrenders to the FBI, offering to cooperate on capturing a list of criminals who are virtually impossible to catch. He insists on working with a rookie profiler by the name of Elizabeth Keen (Megan Boone). The show also stars Diego Klattenhoff, Ryan Eggold and Harry Lennix. The pilot episode was written by Jon Bokenkamp and directed by Joe Carnahan. Executive producers for the series include Bokenkamp, John Eisendrath, and John Davis for Sony Pictures Television, Universal Television, and Davis Entertainment. In February 2015, The Blacklist was renewed for a third season, with Hisham Tawfiq promoted to main cast.

List of Yo-yo world champions

List of World Yo-Yo Champions is the list of the competitors who won the World Yo-Yo Contest. This list includes non-championship divisions.

The Blacklist (season 2)

The second season of the American crime thriller television series The Blacklist premiered on NBC on September 22, 2014, and concluded on May 14, 2015, and ran for 22 episodes. The season was produced by Davis Entertainment, Universal Television, and Sony Pictures Television, and the executive producers are Jon Bokenkamp, John Davis, John Eisendrath, John Fox, and Joe Carnahan.

The Wedding Year

The Wedding Year is an upcoming romantic comedy film directed by Robert Luketic and starring Sarah Hyland and Tyler James Williams.

Thomas Connolly

Thomas Connolly is the name of:

Thomas F. Connolly (1909–1996), Vice Admiral, United States Navy, gymnast and Olympic medalist in rope climbing

Thomas Arthur Connolly (1899–1991), first Archbishop of Seattle (1951–1975)

Thomas J. Connolly (born 1958), attorney and politician from the U.S. state of Maine

Thomas Joseph Connolly (1922–2015), American bishop of the Roman Catholic Church

Thomas-Louis Connolly (1814–1876), Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop

Tom Connolly (1870–1961), English-born American baseball umpire

Tom Connolly (third baseman) (1892–1966), baseball third baseman

Tom Connolly (The Blacklist)

"Tom Connolly" is the twenty-second episode and season finale of the second season of the American crime drama The Blacklist. The episode premiered in the United States on NBC on May 14, 2015.

Tom Connolly (third baseman)

Thomas Francis Connolly (December 30, 1892 – May 14, 1966) was a Major League Baseball third baseman and outfielder who played for the Washington Senators in 1915.


WBNY is the college radio station of Buffalo State College, located within the city of Buffalo, New York. WBNY, licensed in 1982, broadcasts on 91.3 FM. The station is the descendant of BSC's AM carrier-current station known as WSCB, which could be received only on campus through the electrical system. The WBNY call letters were previously associated with 1400 AM in Buffalo in the 1940s and 1950s. The WBNY identification is apparently also used by a shortwave pirate radio station, unrelated to the FCC-licensed FM station.WBNY maintains studio locations at Campbell Student Union 220 with transmitter facilities located on Porter Hall, with an effective radiated power of 1,000 watts (originally 100 watts, and 1,000 watts as of October 16, 2013), allowing not only for full campus-wide coverage, but also general coverage as far south as South Buffalo and as far west as Fort Erie, Ontario.Music programs on WBNY include two and three hour blocks of RPM, punk rock, retro, folk/bluegrass, loud rock, jazz, American Roots, reggae, hip hop, and "format" shows, consisting of music from WBNY's library rotation. Once a week, there is a six-hour block of talk radio, featuring shows and discussions about professional wrestling, politics, sports, and trivia. Wrestling radio show "Monday Night Mayhem" originated on WBNY and after moving to an internet-only broadcast in December 2004, continued to be popular.

The station has been entirely student run since its inception in 1982. Carrier-current predecessor WSCB General Manager Michael Lesser and Program Director Scott Michaeloff were the directors of the WBNY effort, along with staff such as Tom Connolly. Lesser, who was also a VP of the Student Government, embraced the vision of Connolly and others, successfully petitioning the FCC and secured funding from the United Students Government (USG) to create WBNY. The DJ lounge, WBNY's "Lesser Lounge", was named in honor of the founding GM.

Lesser elected not to run for General Manager for a third term, and new GM Bob DeAmbra won election through popular vote. DeAmbra and Program Manager Tom Calderone nurtured an alternative format that became nationally recognized. DeAmbra's successor, Karen Szczuka was the first woman to become General Manager of WBNY Radio Station. Szczuka had previously held the title of Underwriting Director and was the first woman on the stations Board of Directors. Szczuka went on to work for Archie Comic Publications, Inc. as an Executive Assistant to the Chairman in charge of International Publishing, Copyrighting, Head of Permissions to use the Archie likeness in print and media and wrote several free lance stories for Archie, Betty & Veronica, Betty and the Jughead comic book titles. Calderone became a Senior Executive at MTV. DeAmbra (American Express) and Lesser (Healthcare Marketing) went on to marketing careers. John Rosso became a senior executive with ABC, then Citadel and now Triton Digital. Engineer Nick Rozanov was General Manager, US of Radio 7 in Moscow, Russia and then moved into telecom. Scott Michaeloff is Senior Vice President and Executive Producer of Synaptic Digital. Many DJ's, including Tom Connolly, Rick Walters and Dave McKinley, can be heard regularly on radio and TV in the Buffalo, New York area.

In the spirit of predecessor WSCB, local bands, regardless of status or talent, were invited to appear on programs like "Down at Lulu's." The station also began bringing in relatively unknown national acts like R.E.M., The Cure, and The Replacements, and then-breakout act The Smashing Pumpkins for local performances. Some WBNY staffers launched their own bands, among them Tina Peel's "Intergalactic Burnt Toast," Jeff Hastings' "The ShAnkHeAds," Kevin Walsh's "Leper Gumbies," and Jacob Frasier and Anthony Puglisi's "Animal Magnetism."

The WSCB callsign is now licensed to the FM station of Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts

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