Tokushima Prefecture

Tokushima Prefecture (徳島県 Tokushima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on Shikoku Island.[1] The capital is the city of Tokushima.[2]

Tokushima Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese徳島県
 • RōmajiTokushima-ken
Flag of Tokushima Prefecture

Official logo of Tokushima Prefecture

Location of Tokushima Prefecture
SubdivisionsDistricts: 8, Municipalities: 24
 • GovernorKamon Iizumi
 • Total4,146.65 km2 (1,601.03 sq mi)
Area rank36th
 (May 1, 2016)
 • Total751,969
 • Rank44th
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-36
BirdWhite heron
FlowerSudachi (Citrus sudachi)
TreeYamamomo (Myrica rubra)
Tokushima prefectural office building01n3872
Tokushima Prefectural Office


Until the Meiji Restoration, Tokushima Prefecture was known as Awa Province.[3]

Tokushima Prefecture and Myodo Prefecture

In ancient times, Tokushima City belonged to a region known as Myōdō-gun. In the first wave of government consolidation following the abolishment of the fiefdom system and construction of prefectures in 1871, it became known as Myodo Prefecture. At the time, it included the Awa region to the south and the Awaji Island regions as well. In 1873 it further incorporated the region currently occupied by Kagawa Prefecture in its borders.

In the second wave of government consolidation, on September 5, 1875, the Sanuki Region separated to form the modern day Kagawa Prefecture. On August 21, 1876, Awaji Island separated to join Hyogo Prefecture and the Awa region separated to form Kochi Prefecture.

On March 2, 1880, Myodo Prefecture fully separated from Kochi Prefecture to be inaugurated as Tokushima Prefecture.


  • 1945 August – End of World War II. The Washi no Mon gate to Tokushima Castle is destroyed by fire.
  • 1946 December – The Nankai earthquake occurs, causing vast damage throughout the prefecture.
  • 1947 May – Naruto City is inaugurated.
  • 1949 May – Tokushima University is created.
  • 1951 June – Komatsushima City is inaugurated.
  • 1953 November – The Prefectural Library is completed in Tokushima Park
  • 1957 November – The Nagayasuguchi Dam is completed along the Naka River
  • 1958 January – A ferry from Komatsushima to Wakayama sinks. All passengers are lost.
  • 1958 May – Anan City is inaugurated.
  • 1959 April – Shikoku Hoso begins TV broadcasts.
  • 1960 May – A tsunami caused by a quake in Chile causes damage in the prefecture's south.
  • 1961 April – The Short Term Women's College in Tokushima is opened, later reformed into Shikoku University.
  • 1961 July – The Lesser Naruto Bridge is opened in the Lesser Naruto Straits.
  • 1963 April – The Tokushima Municipal Culture Center is completed.
  • 1963 July – A new thermal electric power plant is created in Anan.
  • 1967 January – Construction of the Tokushima Airport terminal is completed.
  • 1970 August – Construction of the Koboke Dam on the Yoshino River is terminated.
  • 1972 January – Use of a railway connecting the towns of Itano and Kamiita is terminated.
  • 1972 July – Construction of Route 11 over the Yoshino River Ohashi is completed.
  • 1973 April – A railway is opened connecting the Mugi and Kaifu regions.
  • 1974 October – Tokushima-born Takeo Miki is elected as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1975 March – Construction of the Ikeda Dam over the Yoshino River is completed.
  • 1976 July – A ceremony is held to celebrate the beginning of construction for the Onaruto Bridge.
  • 1981 October – The National University Naruto Kyoiku Daigaku is opened.
  • 1982 August – Ikeda Highschool takes first place in the 64th National Baseball Championships.
  • 1985 March – Use of the Komatsushima trainline is stopped.
  • 1985 – The Onaruto Bridge, connecting Tokushima and Hyogo Prefectures, is completed.
  • 1989 May – The 40th National Planting Festival is held in the Kamiyama Shirin Park.
  • 1990 January – Plans for a seaside park in Tokushima City are called off.
  • 1990 November – Construction of the Bunka no Mori park area is completed, and the Tokushima Prefectural Library shifts grounds to here.
  • 1991 June – Plans for a resort in the Kurozo Marsh in Ikeda-cho are called off.
  • 1992 March – A railway is opened connecting the Kaifu and Kamoura regions.
  • 1993 August – Route 55 is extended from Komatsushima City down to Anan City.
  • 1993 September – The 48th National Citizen's Athletics Festival, Shikoku East Summer Festival is held conjunctively with Kagawa Prefecture.
  • 1993 October – The East Shikoku Autumna Athletics Festival is held.
  • 1993 October – Construction of Asty Tokushima is completed.
  • 1994 March – The first highway in the prefecture is completed, running from Aizumi to Wakimachi.
  • 1995 January – The Kobe earthquake occurs
  • 1998 March – The Otsuka Museum of Fine Arts is opened.
  • 1998 April – Tokushima and mainland Japan are connected with the completion of the Akaishi Kaikyo Bridge
  • 1999 July – Construction of the Awa Odori Dance Hall is completed.
  • 2000 January – A referendum for building a sluice-gate dam over the Yoshino River is rejected by the citizens.
  • 2000 July – Construction of a second thermal electric power generator is completed within the prefecture.
  • 2000 October – Construction of the Hosokawauchi Dam over the Naka River is terminated.
  • 2001 August – The 13th National Agricultural Youth Exchange takes place.
  • 2002 March – Governor Toshi Endo is arrested under charges of bribery.
  • 2002 October – The Prefectural Calligraphy Hall is opened.
  • 2003 June – The Komatsushima factory for Toyobo is shut down.
  • 2004 October – Yoshinogawa City is inaugurated.
  • 2004 October – The 28th National Planting Festival is held in Kamiyama's Shirin Park.
  • 2004 December – The soccer team Tokushima Vortis enters J2, making the first ever Shikoku J-league team.
  • 2005 March – Mima City and the towns of Tsurugi and Naka are inaugurated.
  • 2005 April – Anan City is inaugurated, and the South District Administration Bureau is created.
  • 2005 April – The Shikoku Island League is created, and baseball team The Indigo Socks represents Tokushima.
  • 2006 March – Miyoshi City and Higashi Miyoshi Town are inaugurated.
  • 2006 March – The towns of Minami and Kaiyo are inaugurated.
  • 2006 April – The West District Administration Bureau is created.
  • 2006 May – The Tokushima Red Cross Hospital shifts location.
  • 2007 May – The sports stadium Aguri Anan Stadium is opened.
  • 2007 October – Tokushima becomes home for the 22nd National Culture Festival.


Map of Tokushima Prefecture Ja
Map of Tokushima Prefecture.
     City      Town

The Sanuki Mountains run along the northern border of the prefecture.

As of April 1, 2012, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai National Park; Muroto-Anan Kaigan and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and Chūbu Sankei, Dochū-Kōtsu, Hashikura, Higashi Sankei, Okumiyagawa-Uchidani, and Ōasayama Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]


Eight cities are located in Tokushima Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:


Economy and Industry

Tokushima depends on agriculture, forestry and fisheries. The percentage of agricultural workers and productivity is the second largest in Shikoku next to Kochi. Rice fields occupy the lower region of the Yoshino River and the small, narrow plains along the shore. Much of the remaining land is used for vegetables and flowers. The prefecture is the nation's largest supplier of cauliflower and lotus roots, and the fourth largest producer of carrots. Japanese indigo is only produced here.

Northern Tokushima's growth was accelerated by the completion of the Akashi Channel Bridge, which completes the road connection from Tokushima to Kobe. Industrial development continues around the Tokushima and Naruto districts. In particular, Itano District's Aizumi Town and Kitajima Town have experienced rapid growth, which has led to a proposed merger of the towns of Itano District into Itano City in the future.


Tokushima abounds in agricultural resources and is the site of large-scale production of many different types of vegetables. The plains north of the Yoshino River are particularly fertile and the produce here is often shipped to mainland Japan in the areas around Kobe, Osaka and Kyoto. Produce from Tokushima always claims top shares in markets in the Kansai region and particularly prominent are Naruto sweet potatoes, the citrus fruit "sudachi", lotus roots and strawberries.

The lack of goods heading to Tokyo has led to a relatively low national profile for local Tokushima brands. To combat this, the local Tokushima government now sends the "Fresh! Tokushima" moving display about the country with its mobile kitchen set to increase general awareness of the local food available in Tokushima Prefecture.

  • Rice – Anan City
  • Naruto Sweet Potatoes – Naruto City
  • Corn – Ishii-cho, Yoshinogawa City East
  • Sudachi – All across the prefecture, but mainly in Kamiyama-cho
  • Bamboo Shoots – Anan City
  • Spring Onions – Tokushima City
  • Lettuce – Awa City and the north shore of the Yoshino River
  • Lotus roots – Naruto City
  • Carrots – All across the prefecture, but mainly in Aizumi-cho
  • Cranshaw – All across the north shore of the Yoshino River, but mainly in Itano-cho
  • Rakkyo – Naruto City
  • Taranome – All across the West of the prefecture, but mainly in Yamashiro-cho, Miyoshi City
  • Sencha – Yamashiro-cho, Naka-cho, and the former Aioi-cho
  • Strawberries – All through the mountainous regions, but mainly in Sanagouchi-son
  • Grapes – Awa City
  • Egg plant – Naruto City
  • Satsuma mandarins – All across the prefecture, but mainly in Katsuura-cho
  • Yuzu – Naka-cho
  • Yamamomo – Komatushima City
  • Tsumamono – Kamikatsu-cho, Yamashiro-cho, Kamiyama-cho
  • Daikon radish – Naruto City
  • Japanese apricot – Awa-shi, but mainly in Misato-son


Iya Valley 01
View of Iya Valley, Miyoshi
View of Mount Tsurugi
Onaruto-bridge and Naruto Channel,Naruto-city,Japan
Onaruto-bridge and Naruto whirlpools


Tokushima hosted the official 2007 Asian Basketball Championship.

Further, the sports teams listed below are based in Tokushima.

Football (soccer)


Prefectural symbols

Tokushima's prefectural symbol is a stylized combination of the hiragana for to and ku, the first two characters in the hiragana spelling of the prefecture's name.


Prefectural Governor (as elected by public vote)

  • 1st – Goro Abe (阿部五郎 – April 16, 1947 – April 1, 1951
  • 2nd – Kuniichi Abe (阿部邦一) – May 21, 1951 – March 30, 1955
  • 3rd – Kikutaro Hara (原菊太郎) – April 25, 1955 – September 15, 1965
  • 4th – Yasunobu Takeichi (武市恭信) – October 9, 1965 – October 4, 1981
  • 5th – Shinzo Miki (三木申三) – October 5, 1981 – October 4, 1993
  • 6th – Toshio Endo (圓藤寿穂) – October 5, 1993 – March 15, 2002
  • 7th – Tadashi Oota (大田正) – April 30, 2002 – March 30, 2003
  • 8th – Kamon Iizumi (飯泉嘉門) – May 19, 2003 – present

Prefectural Assembly

  • All data is current to May 1, 2007.
Party Total
Total 41
Liberal Democratic Party / Shinsei Club 11
Liberal Democratic Party / Koyu Club 9
Meisei Club 7
Shinpu Democratic Club 6
Kaikaku Isshin Club 3
Japanese Communist Party 3
New Komeito Group 2

See also


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokushima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980, p. 980, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Tokushima" at p. 980, p. 980, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Awa no Kuni" at p. 62, p. 62, at Google Books; "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 26 June 2012.


External links

Coordinates: 34°2′N 134°26′E / 34.033°N 134.433°E

Anan, Tokushima

Anan (阿南市, Anan-shi) is a city in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on May 1, 1958.

As of 2016, the city has an estimated population of 72,447 and a population density of 260 inhabitants per square kilometre (670/sq mi). The total area is 279.39 km2 (107.87 sq mi).

On March 20, 2006, the towns of Hanoura and Nakagawa (both from Naka District) were merged into Anan.

Nichia, a global LED and electronic materials manufacturer has its headquarters in the city. Also in the city is the static inverter plant of Kii Channel HVDC system.

Dōzan River

The Dōzan River (銅山川, Dōzan-gawa) is the largest branch of the Yoshino River and flows through Ehime and Tokushima prefectures in Japan. Its name was derived from the Besshi copper mine that is now closed. In Tokushima Prefecture, it is called the Iyo River (伊予川 Iyo-gawa).

Ishii, Tokushima

Ishii (石井町, Ishii-chō) is a town located in Myōzai District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2016, the town has an estimated population of 25,472 and a density of 880 persons per km². The total area is 28.83 km².

Japan National Route 11

National Route 11 is a Japanese highway on the island of Shikoku. The most important artery in Shikoku, it originates at the intersection with Routes 28, 55 and 195 in the prefectural capital of Tokushima (Tokushima Prefecture) and terminates at the intersection with Routes 33, 56, 317, 379, 440 and 494 in Matsuyama (the capital of Ehime Prefecture). Between the terminals, it passes through Naruto (Tokushima Prefecture) and Takamatsu (the capital of Kagawa Prefecture), as well as other regional population centers. Route 11 measures 239.4 km in length.

List of mergers in Tokushima Prefecture

Here is a list of mergers in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan since the Heisei era.

Naruto, Tokushima

Naruto (鳴門市, Naruto-shi) is a city located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on March 15, 1947.

In the quinquennial census of 2016, the city had a population of 58,543 (2005: 63,200). With a total area of 135.46 km², the population density is 430 persons per km².

The Naruto whirlpools are between Naruto and Awaji Island in Hyōgo. The Ōtsuka Museum of Art is the largest exhibition space in Japan.Ryōzen-ji and Gokuraku-ji, the first two of the 88 temples of the Shikoku Pilgrimage, are in Naruto, along with Tōrin-in and Ōasahiko Jinja.

Naruto has the home stadium of professional football team Tokushima Vortis and of baseball team Tokushima Indigo Socks.

Sako Station

Sako Station (佐古駅, Sako-eki) is a railway station in Tokushima, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan served by both the Tokushima Line and the Kōtoku Line. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has two station numbers: "B01" for the Tokushima Line and "T01" for the Kōtoku Line.


Shikoku (四国, literally "four provinces") is one of the five main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the second smallest main island after Okinawa. It is 225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide. It has a population of 3.8 million (as of 2015, 3.1%). It is located south of Honshu and north east of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島), and its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.

Shinmachi River

The Shinmachi River (新町川, shinmachigawa) is a river found in the heart of Tokushima City in Tokushima Prefecture.

It has the Suketō River, Tamiya River, Sako River, and Sumiyoshijima River as its tributaries.

At current, the non-profit organization Shinmachi Preservation Committee is in charge of keeping the river clean and holding tours around the river via boat.

Suketō River

The Suketō River (助任川, Suketō-gawa), also called the Fukushima River, is a river in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan.

Tokushima (city)

Tokushima (徳島市, Tokushima-shi, Japanese: [tokɯꜜɕima]) is the capital city of Tokushima Prefecture on Shikoku island in Japan.

As of October 1, 2016, the city had an estimated population of 258,237 and a population density of 1,400 persons per km². Its total area is 191.23 km². The city is situated in the north-eastern part of Tokushima Prefecture at the mouth of the Yoshino River. In terms of layout and organization, Tokushima displays the typical characteristics of a Japanese castle town. Tokushima was developed under the Hachisuka clan. Its prosperity was built on a strong indigo dye industry.

The modern city of Tokushima was founded on October 1, 1889. At the time, it was the 10th largest city in Japan. The city is served by Tokushima Airport (recently renamed to Awa Odori Airport), in nearby Matsushige.

Tokushima 1st district

Tokushima 1st district is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan (national legislature). It is located in Tokushima Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, and consists of the city of Tokushima and the village of Sanagōchi in the Myōdō District. The district is among the least populated electoral districts in Japan and in the election of 2005 its voters had the highest electoral weight throughout Japan. The most populous district Tokyo 6 had 2.18 times the number of voters in Tokushima 1. As of 2012, 214,535 eligible voters were registered in the district.The district was created in the electoral reform of 1994. Previously, all of Tokushima prefecture had formed one SNTV multi-member constituency (5 representatives) since 1947. The new district was used in the 1996 election for the first time.

The current representative from the district is Liberal Democrat Mamoru Fukuyama, former six-term member and president of the Tokushima prefectural assembly and secretary-general of the LDP prefectural federation. He defeated Democrat Yoshito Sengoku in the 2012 Representatives election by almost 20,000 votes. Sengoku, a candidate for the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) and its 1996 precursor had won the district five times after its creation. Sengoku, a lawyer and University of Tokyo drop-out, had previously represented the Tokushima At-large district between 1990 and 1993 for the Socialist Party of Japan.

Tokushima Airport

Tokushima Awaodori Airport (徳島阿波おどり空港, Tokushima Awa-odori kūkō) (IATA: TKS, ICAO: RJOS) is a joint civil-military public airport in Matsushige, Tokushima, Japan, near the city of Tokushima.

In addition to scheduled passenger operations, the airport is the base of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Tokushima Air Training Group of 202nd Naval Air Training Squadron equipped with Beechcraft TC-90. There are also UH-60J Search and Rescue aircraft of one flight which detached from JMSDF 72 Squadron. As a result, it is the busiest airport in Shikoku by aircraft operations, with around 15,000 takeoffs and landings each year. The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force established the 14 Squadron flying at least two Fuji UH-1J and one Kawasaki OH-6D by mid-April 2010 at the airport.

Tokushima Station

Tokushima Station (徳島駅, Tokushima-eki) is a railway station in Tokushima, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, operated by the Shikoku Railway Company (JR Shikoku).

Tokushima Vortis

Tokushima Vortis (徳島ヴォルティス, Tokushima Vorutisu) is a Japanese professional football club, currently playing in the J2 League. The team is located in Tokushima, Tokushima Prefecture. Their home stadium is Naruto Athletic Stadium, in Naruto, Tokushima.

The name, "Vortis" was named in 1997 (see below), and it was explained as a combination of Italian "Vortice" (meaning whirlpool, after the famous Naruto whirlpool in Naruto Strait).

Tsukuda Station (Tokushima)

Tsukuda Station (佃駅, Tsukuda-eki) is a railway station in Miyoshi, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, operated by JR Shikoku.

University of Tokushima

Tokushima University (徳島大学, Tokushima Daigaku) is a national university in the city of Tokushima, Japan, with seven graduate schools and five undergraduate faculties. The university was founded in 1949, by merging six national education facilities into one. The 2014 Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics, Shuji Nakamura graduated from Tokushima.

On April 1, 2015 the name of the university was changed from the University of Tokushima to Tokushima University.

Yoshino River

The Yoshino River (吉野川 Yoshino-gawa) is a river on the island of Shikoku, Japan. It is 194 km (121 mi) long and has a watershed of 3,750 km2 (1,450 sq mi). It is the second longest river in Shikoku (slightly shorter than the Shimanto), and is the only river whose watershed spreads over the four prefectures of the island.

It is regarded as one of the three greatest rivers of Japan along with the Tone and the Chikugo, and is nicknamed Shikoku Saburō (四国三郎; Saburō is a popular given name for a third son).

The Yoshino rises from Mount Kamegamori (瓶ケ森) in Ino, Kōchi Prefecture and flows to the east. In Ōtoyo it turns to the north and crosses the Shikoku Mountains. The gorge, named Ōboke Koboke, is a famous tourist attraction of Shikoku. In Ikeda, Tokushima Prefecture it turns to the east again and pours into the Kii Channel at the north of Tokushima city. Its major tributaries include Ananai, Iya, Dōzan, Sadamitsu, and Anabuki.

The river has some "submerged bridges" (潜水橋 Sensuikyō), equivalents of Chinkabashi of the Shimanto, which lack parapets in order not to be washed away by floods. Reconstruction of the Yoshino Daiju Dam (吉野川第十堰 Yoshino-gawa Daijūzeki) near its mouth provoked much controversy among environmentalists.

Ōtani ware

Ōtani ware (大谷焼, Ōtani-yaki) is type of Japanese pottery most famously known for its large size. Ōtani is made in the part of Naruto, Tokushima known as Ōtani.

Shadow picture of Tokushima Prefecture Tokushima Prefecture
47 Prefectures


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