Tokara habu

The Tokara habu (Protobothrops tokarensis)[2] is a venomous pit viper species endemic to the Tokara Islands of Japan. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]

Tokara habu
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Protobothrops
P. tokarensis
Binomial name
Protobothrops tokarensis
Nagai, 1928
  • Trimeresurus tokarensis Nagai, 1928
  • Trimeresurus flavoviridis tokarensis Maki, 1931
  • Protobothrops tokarensis
    – Welch, 1988
  • Trimeresurus tokarensis
    – Golay et al., 1993
  • P[rotobothrops]. tokarensis
    – Kraus, Mink & Brown, 1996[1]


Scalation includes 31 (31-33) rows of dorsal scales at midbody, 199-210 ventral scales, 72-84 subcaudal scales, and 8 (7-9) supralabial scales.[2]

Geographic range

Found in Japan on the islands of Takara-jima and Kotakara-jima. According to Golay et al. (1993), the type locality is "Takara-jima, province of Kagoshima, Ryukyu Islands".[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b Gumprecht A, Tillack F, Orlov NL, Captain A, Ryabov S. 2004. Asian Pitvipers. Geitje Books. Berlin. 1st Edition. 368 pp. ISBN 3-937975-00-4.
  3. ^ "Protobothrops tokarensis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 25 July 2008.

Further reading

  • Nagai, Kamehiko. 1928. Tokara-Habu & Erabu-unagi. Kagoshimaken Hakubutsu-Chosa (Report on the Natural History of the Province of Kagoshima - Society for the Education and Survey of the Kagoshima Prefecture) 3: 1-64. (Trimeresurus tokarensis, p. 6.) National Diet Library Digital Collections

External links


Habu (波布) is a Japanese name used to refer to certain venomous snakes:

The following species are found in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan:

Protobothrops elegans, a.k.a. the Sakishima habu, found in the southern Ryukyu Islands

Protobothrops flavoviridis, a.k.a. the Okinawan habu, found in the southern Ryukyu Islands

Protobothrops tokarensis, a.k.a. the Tokara habu, found in the Tokara Islands

Ovophis okinavensis, a.k.a. the Hime habu

Habu is a name also used for several other species:

Trimeresurus gracilis, a.k.a. the Kikushi habu, found in Taiwan.

Protobothrops mucrosquamatus, a.k.a. the Taiwan habu or Chinese habu, found in Southeast Asia.

Ovophis monticola, a.k.a. the Arisan habu, found in Southeast Asia.

Habu is a nickname given to the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird strategic reconnaissance aircraft of the United States Air Force.

List of crotaline species and subspecies

This is a list of all sure genera, species and subspecies of the subfamily Crotalinae, otherwise referred to as crotalines, pit vipers or pitvipers. It follows the taxonomy currently provided by ITIS, which is based on the continuing work of Dr. Roy McDiarmid.

List of snakes by common name

This is a list of extant snakes, given by their common names. Note that the snakes are grouped by name, and in some cases the grouping may have no scientific basis.

Wildlife of Japan

The wildlife of Japan includes its flora, fauna and natural habitats. The islands of Japan stretch a long distance from north to south and cover a wide range of climatic zones. This results in a high diversity of wildlife despite Japan's isolation from the mainland of Asia. In the north of the country, north of Blakiston's Line, there are many subarctic species which have colonized Japan from the north. In the south there are south-east Asian species, typical of tropical regions. Between these areas lies the temperate zone which shares many species with China and Korea. Japan also has many endemic species that are found nowhere else in the world.



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