Todmorden

Todmorden (/ˈtɒdmərdən/ TOD-mər-dən; locally /ˈtɒdmɔːrdən, ˈtɒdmərdən, ˈtɔːmdɪn/)[1][2] is a market town and civil parish[3] in the Upper Calder Valley in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. It is 17 miles (27 km) north east of Manchester and in 2011 had a population of 15,481.[4]

Todmorden is at the confluence of three steep-sided Pennine valleys and is surrounded by moorlands with outcrops of sandblasted gritstone.

The historic boundary between Yorkshire and Lancashire is the River Calder and its tributary, the Walsden Water, which run through the town. The administrative border was altered by the Local Government Act 1888 placing the whole of the town within the West Riding.

The town is served by Todmorden and Walsden railway stations.

Todmorden
Tod from golf course

A view over Todmorden
Todmorden is located in West Yorkshire
Todmorden
Todmorden
Location within West Yorkshire
Population15,481 (Including Cornholme and Portsmouth, West Yorkshire. 2011)
OS grid referenceSD936241
• London174 mi (280 km) SSE
Civil parish
  • Todmorden
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTODMORDEN
Postcode districtOL14
Dialling code01706
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament

History

Toponymy

The name Todmorden first appears in 1641. The town had earlier been called Tottemerden, Totmardene, Totmereden or Totmerden. The generally accepted meaning of the name is Totta's boundary-valley, probably a reference to the valley running north-west from the town.[5] Alternative suggestions have been proposed, such as the speculation "maybe fancifully" that the name derives from two words for death: tod and mor (as in mort), meaning "death-death-wood",[6] or that the name meant "marshy home of the fox", from the Old English.

'Tod' is an informal, shorthand name for Todmorden, often used in everyday conversation.[7][8]

Pagan prehistory

In 1898 Blackheath Barrow—a ring cairn monument situated above Cross Stone in Todmorden[9]—was excavated and proved to be a site of "surpassing archaeological interest", according to J. Lawton Russell, one of the men who carried out the excavation.[10] Various Bronze Age items were discovered, including sepulchral urns, a human skull, teeth and hands.

Russell contended that Blackheath Barrow was primarily a religious site, specifically intended for the "performance of funeral rites", as there was no evidence that it had been settled for domestic use. Of particular interest were the four cairns, positioned at the cardinal points of the compass, and it has been suggested that this indicates "a ritual evocation of the airts, or spirits of the four directions, with obvious correlates in relation to spirits in the land of the dead".[11]

The various finds from the 1898 dig are now housed in the Todmorden Library, on permanent display.[12]

Early history

Tod 1800s
Todmorden c.1870

The earliest written record of the area is in the Domesday Book (1086).[13] Settlement in medieval Todmorden was dispersed. Most people living in scattered farms or in isolated hilltop agricultural settlements. Packhorse trails were marked by ancient stones of which many still survive.

For hundreds of years streams from the surrounding hills provided water for corn and fulling mills. Todmorden grew to relative prosperity by combining farming with the production of woollen textiles. Some yeomen clothiers were able to build fine houses, a few of which still exist today. Increasingly, though, the area's industry turned to cotton. The proximity of Manchester, as a source of material and trade, was undoubtedly a strong factor. Another was that the strong Pennine streams and rivers were able to power the machine looms. Improvements in textile machinery (by Kay, Hargreaves and Arkwright), along with the development of turnpike roads (1751–1781), helped to develop the new cotton industry and to increase the local population.

19th century

In 1801 most people still lived in the uplands; Todmorden itself could be considered as a mere village. During the years 1800–1845 great changes took place in the communications and transport of the town which were to have a crucial effect on promoting industrial growth. These included the building of: (1) better roads; (2) the Rochdale Canal (1804); and (3) the main line of the Manchester and Leeds Railway (1841), which became the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway in 1847. This railway line incorporated the (then) longest tunnel in the world, the 2,885-yard (2,638 m) Summit Tunnel. A second railway, from Todmorden to Burnley, opened as a single line in 1849, being doubled to meet demand in 1860. A short connecting line, from Stansfield Hall to Hall Royd, completed the "Todmorden Triangle" in 1862, thus enabling trains to travel in all three directions (Manchester, Leeds and Burnley) without reversing.

The Industrial Revolution caused a concentration of industry and settlement along the valley floor and a switch from woollens to cotton. One family in the area was particularly influential on the town; the Fielden family. They created a "dynasty" that changed the town forever by establishing several large mills, putting up assorted impressive buildings and bringing about social and educational change.

A double murder took place at Christ Church, Todmorden on 2 March 1868. The victims' graves lie in the churchyard. Miles Weatherhill, a 23-year-old weaver from the town, was forbidden from seeing his housemaid sweetheart, Sarah Bell, by the Reverend Anthony John Plow. Armed with four pistols and an axe, Weatherhill took revenge first on the vicar and then on Jane Smith, another maid who had informed Plow of the secret meetings. Miss Smith died at the scene, while the vicar survived another week before succumbing to his injuries. Weatherhill also seriously injured the vicar's wife. On 4 April 1868 Weatherhill became the last person to be publicly hanged in Manchester, at the New Bailey prison.[14][15][16][17] Local legend has it that the face of a young woman is sometimes seen in the window of the vicarage, now in private ownership.

20th century

Throughout the first decade of the 20th century, the population of the Borough of Todmorden remained constant. The ten-yearly UK census returns show figures of 25,418 in 1901 and 25,404 in 1911. Like the rest of the Upper Calder Valley, Todmorden's economy experienced a slow decline from around the end of the First World War onwards, accelerating after the Second World War until around the late 1970s. During this period there was a painful restructuring of the local economy with the closure of mills and the demise of heavy industry.

On 1 January 1907, Todmorden Corporation became only the second municipality in the British Isles to operate a motor bus service. By the end of that year, the fleet had expanded to five double-deck vehicles: two by Critchley-Norris, two by Lancashire Steam (predecessor of Leyland Motors) and one by Ryknield. In 1931, the service became jointly operated by the Corporation and the LMS railway under the name "Todmorden Joint Omnibus Committee". At its maximum size in the 1940s and 1950s, the undertaking operated 40 vehicles over 50 route miles (80 km) through the rugged South Pennine terrain.

Until 1938, the town was served by no fewer than six railway stations: Todmorden, Stansfield Hall, Cornholme, Portsmouth, Walsden and Eastwood. With the exception of Todmorden railway station, all closed during the middle third of the 20th century although Walsden railway station reopened on 10 September 1990 on a site a few yards north of the original 1845 railway station. In December 1984 a goods train carrying petrol derailed in the Summit Tunnel between Todmorden and Littleborough causing what is still considered as one of the biggest underground fires in transport history.[18]

In 1980, Todmorden found itself at the centre of a celebrated murder enquiry. On 11 June that year police were called to J.W. Parker's coal yard in Todmorden after the discovery of a body, subsequently identified as 56-year-old Zigmund Adamski from Tingley, near Wakefield. The former coal miner had not been seen since setting out on a local shopping trip five days earlier. Although still wearing a suit, his shirt, watch and wallet were missing. A post mortem established that he died of a heart attack earlier that day, and discovered burns on his neck, shoulders and back of his head. These appeared to have been dressed by a green ointment, which toxicology tests were unable to identify.[19] Adamski's case has never been solved, no suspect was ever arrested and in a television documentary the coroner, James Turnbull, described it as "one of the most puzzling cases I've come across in 25 years".[19] Among the explanations to gain currency was that Adamski was the victim of extraterrestrial abduction.[20] After intense media interest, the Todmorden police force were forbidden from talking further to the press about the case.[21]

21st century

In 2008, a group of local residents initiated the Incredible Edible Todmorden project to raise awareness of food issues and in particular local food and food provenance.[22] The project has been responsible for the planting of 40 public fruit and vegetable gardens throughout the town, with each plot inviting passers-by to help themselves to the open source produce.[22] The project has attracted publicity, media attention and visitors and the idea has been replicated in at least fifteen towns and villages in the UK.[22]

Governance

Todcoatofarms
Coat of Arms of the former Todmorden Borough Council.

Todmorden has a complex geo-administrative history. It lies along the historic county boundary of Yorkshire and Lancashire.

Until the boundary reformation by the Local Government Act 1888, the Lancashire-Yorkshire boundary ran through the centre of Todmorden, following the River Calder to the north-west and the Walsden Water for less than 1 mi (1.6 km) to the south before turning south-eastwards across Langfield Common. The Town Hall, which was presented to Todmorden by the Fielden family and opened in 1875, straddles the Walsden Water; thus, from 1875 to 1888 it was possible to dance in the Town Hall ballroom, forward and back, across two counties of England.[23]

Following the Local Government Act 1894, the Todmorden Local Board became an Urban District Council, comprising the wards of Todmorden, Walsden, Langfield and Stansfield. At the same time, Todmorden Rural District Council, comprising the parishes of Blackshaw, Erringden, Heptonstall and Wadsworth, came into being. Two years later, on 2 June 1896, the town was granted a Charter of Incorporation and the area covered by the Urban District Council became a municipal borough. The number of wards was increased from four to six: Central, Walsden, Langfield, Stansfield, Stoodley and Cornholme. Todmorden Rural District was later renamed Hepton Rural District. Since the local government reforms of 1974, Todmorden has been administered as part of the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, within the Metropolitan county of West Yorkshire. At the local government level, Todmorden, the town, is almost entirely within Todmorden ward[24] although the eastern portion of the town toward Eastwood shares some of adjoining Calder ward[25] with Hebden Bridge.

Until 1996, when postal counties were abolished, Todmorden's official postal county was Lancashire.[26]

Todmorden Town Council Composition

Election to Todmorden Town Council 2 May 2019
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Labour 12 1 1 0 66.7% 46.6% 4652 +0.5%
  Liberal Democrat 6 3 0 3 33.3% 44.9% 4473 +14.7%
  Green 0 0 2 -2 0% 2.4% 246 -7.1%
  Conservative 0 0 0 -1 0% n/a DNS n/a
  UKIP 0 0 0 0 0% n/a DNS n/a
  Independent 0 0 0 0 0% 5.3% 534 +3.9%
  National Front 0 0 0 0 0% 0.7% 68 -0.2%
  Total 18 9973

The turnout was 9973 and 154 ballots were rejected.[27]

Election to Todmorden Town Council 7 May 2015
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Labour 12 5 0 +5 66.7% 46.1% 7458 +10.7%
  Liberal Democrat 3 0 5 -5 16.7% 30.2% 4880 -15.7%
  Green 2 2 0 +2 11.1% 9.5% 1536 +6.3%
  Conservative 1 1 0 +1 5.6% 5.9% 965 n/a
  UKIP 0 0 0 0 0% 5.2% 843 n/a
  Independent 0 0 3 -3 0% 1.4% 227 -12.8%
  National Front 0 0 0 0 0% 0.9% 145 n/a
  Total 18 16170 + 5926

[28]

Current composition

    Political party Current councillors
Labour 12
Liberal Democrat 6            

Twin towns

Todmorden's twin towns are:[29]

Geography

View from Watty Lane, Todmorden, (July 2010) geograph
A view of Gauxholme & Walsden from Watty Lane.

Other villages and towns in the Upper Calder Valley include Hebden Bridge and Mytholmroyd. The territory of the civil parish of Todmorden also extends to cover Eastwood, Walsden, Cornholme, Mankinholes, Lumbutts, Robinwood, Lydgate, Portsmouth, Shade, Stansfield, Dobroyd, Ferney Lee, Gauxholme and Cross Stone.

Medieval Todmorden had consisted of the townships of Langfield and Stansfield in Yorkshire, and Todmorden/Walsden section of the greater township of Hundersfield in the Ancient Parish of Rochdale, Lancashire. The township of Todmorden and Walsden was created in 1801 by the union of the older villages of Todmorden and Walsden.

Economy

Weaving shed, Queen Street Mill - geograph.org.uk - 680867
A typical weaving shed at Queen Street Mill Textile Museum, Burnley

Heavy industry is now part of Todmorden's history, not its present. The industrial chimneys have largely gone and the remaining mills have mostly been converted for other purposes. The town's industrial base is much reduced (at one time Todmorden had the largest weaving shed in the world). There has been a great deal of regeneration activity and Todmorden is now increasingly a commuter town for people working in Manchester, Leeds, Bradford, Huddersfield and smaller towns. Todmorden also services the local rural area and attracts visitors through its market (indoor and outdoor), various events, heritage and the local Pennine countryside. Changing work patterns may have influenced the fact that the town was the first rural telephone exchange in Britain to be broadband-enabled through public demand. Rising house prices over recent years are a particular problem as there is limited land available in the valley for building affordable housing. It has for centuries been considered the safest accessible route directly across the Pennines.

Nightlife

Pubs in the town centre include the Duke of York, the Wellington, the Royal George, the Golden Lion, and the White Hart (Wetherspoons).

Landmarks

Todmorden Town Hall
Todmorden Town Hall

Todmorden has a Neo-Classical town hall (built 1866–1875) which dominates the centre of the town. The building straddles the Walsden Water, a tributary of the River Calder, and was situated in both Lancashire and Yorkshire until the administrative county boundary was moved on 1 January 1888. Designed by John Gibson of Westminster, this imposing building has a northern end which is semi-circular. One interesting external feature of the town hall is the pediment to the front elevation, which reflects the fact that it straddled the boundary as it depicts the main industries of the two counties. The fine carved stonework has two central female figures on a pedestal. The left-hand sculpture represents Lancashire (cotton spinning and weaving industries), and the right-hand one Yorkshire (wool manufacturing, engineering and agriculture).

Todmorden Market Hall (29th August 2010)
Todmorden Market Hall

Todmorden has the look of a Victorian mill town. Other notable buildings include Dobroyd Castle (completed in 1869), now used as a residential activity centre for schoolchildren; the Edwardian Hippodrome Theatre, and the Grade I listed Todmorden Unitarian Church (built 1865–1869). Dobroyd Castle, the town hall and the Unitarian church were all built at the behest of John Fielden and his sons and designed by John Gibson, who had been a member of Charles Barry's team at the Houses of Parliament. Pre-Victorian buildings include two 18th century pubs; Todmorden Old Hall, a Grade II* listed manor house (Elizabethan) in the centre of town, and St. Mary's Church which dates from 1476.

Todmorden is situated alongside the Pennine Way, Pennine Bridleway, Mary Towneley Loop and Calderdale Way and is popular for outdoor activities such as walking, fell running, mountain biking and bouldering. Its attractions include canals and locks, a park containing a sports centre, an outdoor skateboard park, tennis courts, a golf course, an aquarium/reptile house and a cricket ground. There are wooded areas around the town and cafés and restaurants. The Hippodrome Theatre shows films as well as putting on live performances. The town has a small toy and model museum, a library and a tourist information centre, along with independent retailers. Annual events include a carnival, agricultural show, beer festival, music festival and the traditional Easter Pace Egg plays.

Centre Vale Park in Todmorden is the setting for several pieces of local art, including tree carvings by the sculptor John Adamson.[30] Also in the park are the reconstructed remains of Centre Vale Mansion, next to Todmorden War Memorial in the Garden of Remembrance, and nearby there is a sculpture of a dog. This was sculpted by local sculptor David Wynne[31] in 2005, and was cast in steel at the local Todmorden foundry Weir Minerals. It was donated to the park by the sculptor and the foundry, but installation was delayed for several years due to the extensive flood alleviation works. In 2011, the dog was featured on an episode of Derren Brown's The Experiments. Brown spread a rumour that the dog was lucky; it then gained a reputation for bringing luck to anyone that touched it. During the First World War the mansion was used as a military hospital.[32] Centre Vale Park has hosted a parkrun since 9 March 2019.

The 120 feet (37 m) Stoodley Pike monument (built 1814 and rebuilt in 1854) stands atop the 1,300 feet (400 m) hill of the same name. It commemorates the defeat of Napoleon and the surrender of Paris. It is a prominent feature of Todmorden's moors, and is a landmark on the Pennine Way.

Media

Todmorden has been used as a location for the 1980s BBC TV police drama Juliet Bravo, Territorial Army series All Quiet on the Preston Front, parts of The League of Gentlemen, BBC TV miniseries Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit, the award-winning BBC1 series Life on Mars, a town in the book Spooks Blood and a film adaptation of the novel My Summer of Love. The BBC One crime drama series Happy Valley, written by Sally Wainwright (who grew up in nearby Sowerby Bridge[33]), is filmed in and around the town, amongst other locations. In the 1980s the town was used for two consecutive episodes of BBC fashion series The Clothes Show.

Todmorden featured in the ITV paranormal show "Strange But True" which in their pilot episode from May 1993 investigated the UFO claims in the Todmorden area. The programme included a closed surgery in which Harold Shipman worked for a number of years, as well as the town hall (haunted by a grey lady), and Oddfellows Hall (known as Baxter's bar), which is haunted by a builder who died in the construction of the building in 1811.

Before May 2009, the links to Lancashire and the North West were also seen in the media with Todmorden receiving an analogue TV signal from BBC North West. The local television transmitter relayed BBC One and BBC Two to the Todmorden area, however ITV and Channel 4 was different and has always been relayed from Emley Moor (via Cornholme) which broadcasts ITV Yorkshire. Since 2009 the majority of services were relayed via Cornholme although some parts of Walsden retained their television signal from the North West.

In February 2010, Todmorden featured in the BBC Radio 4 programme "Costing the Earth: The New Diggers".[34] Members of a guerrilla gardening group spoke about reclaiming unused land for growing vegetables, how this helps the local community and how it can be a driver for change.

In November 2011, Todmorden featured in the Channel 4 programme The Secret of Luck, in which Derren Brown sought to convince the town that the dog statue in Centre Vale Park brought good luck.

In September 2010 Todmorden received a visit from Prince Charles (his second visit to the town) who came to support Mary Clear's Incredible Edible Todmorden project. This featured on BBC Yorkshire.

Todmorden's local newspaper is the Todmorden News owned by Johnston Press, now merged (since October 2015[35]) with the Hebden Bridge Times from the neighbouring town by the same publisher.

Singletrack Magazine, a national mountain biking magazine, is based in Todmorden.

Sport

Cricket

Todmorden Cricket Club has existed since 1837 and currently play at Centre Vale in the town.[36] They are the only Yorkshire team in the Lancashire League.[37]

Notable people

Science and Engineering

John Mitchell Nuttall (1890–1958) was a Todmorden-born physicist remembered for the Geiger–Nuttall law.

John Ramsbottom (engineer) (1814–1897) was a mechanical and railway engineer and inventor from the town.

Nobel Prize winners

Todmorden has two Nobel Prize winners: Prof. Sir John Cockcroft (Physics) and Prof. Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson (Chemistry). Despite 24 years' difference in their birth dates, both attended Todmorden Grammar School (now Todmorden High School with the prior grammar school building now home to Ferney Lee Primary School) and both had the same science master, Luke Sutcliffe.

Politics and Law

John Fielden (1784–1849), land and factory owner in Todmorden and scion of the town's Fielden family, was a Member of Parliament and national leader of the Ten Hours Campaign for factory reform.

Samuel Fielden (1847–1922), socialist, anarchist and labour activist who was one of the eight convicted in the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago. He was sentenced to death along with six other defendants, but after writing to the Illinois Governor asking for clemency his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in November 1887. He spent six years in prison before being pardoned, along with two other co-defendants, in 1893. He died in Colorado in 1922 and is buried in La Veta (Pioneer) Cemetery, Huerfano County, Colorado alongside his wife and two children.

Wilfred Judson, a justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, was born in and spent his early youth in Todmorden.

Rebecca Taylor, Liberal Democrat MEP for Yorkshire and the Humber from 8 March 2012 to 2 July 2014.

Arts and culture

Geoff Crowther (born 1944), independent travel guide writer, founding editor of BIT travel guides, London (1972–1980): the first guidebooks to cover the Hippie trail.[38] Crowther went on to be a leading author for Lonely Planet (1977–1995).[39]

Fred Lawless, Liverpool born theatre playwright has a house in Todmorden; he was also a writer for the BBC 1 TV series EastEnders, as well as several other TV and radio programmes.

Todmorden actress Claire Benedict has appeared in UK TV shows Waking The Dead, Prime Suspect, Unforgiven, Holby City, Casualty, Doctors, Grange Hill, The Bill and the Lenny Henry Show. She featured in the films Felicia's Journey, Sea Sick and Mersinias, and has had numerous theatre roles, including work for the National Theatre and Royal Shakespeare Company. On BBC radio she is the voice of Precious Ramotswe in The No.1 Ladies Detective Agency.

Todmorden-born actor Dicken Ashworth appeared in Coronation Street and Brookside.

Antony Booth, actor, father of Cherie Blair and father-in-law of former Prime Minister Tony Blair, resided in Todmorden.

Manchester-born Becky Simpson is an award-winning actress. As a 10-year-old child she starred as Spoonface Steinberg in the BBC production by that name written by writer Lee Hall, famous for writing Billy Elliot. Becky is married to Wes Paul notable Rock and Roll lead singer with the Wes Paul Band; they are tenants of the Grade-I-listed lodge inside the gates of Todmorden Unitarian Church and are both members of the local management committee.

The Bayes family of artists were prominent in the 19th and 20th centuries. They were: Alfred Bayes (1832–1909), painter; Walter Bayes (1869–1856), painter; Gilbert Bayes (1872–1952), sculptor; and Jessie Bayes (1876–1970), painter (some of her work can be see at Lumbutts Methodist Church, Lumbutts, Todmorden).

William Holt (1897–1977) was a writer, painter, political activist, journalist and traveller. William was often seen riding his white horse Trigger around Todmorden and other local areas.

Keyboardist Keith Emerson (1944-2016), founder member of UK prog-rock groups The Nice and Emerson, Lake & Palmer, was born in the town while the family was evacuated from the south coast.[40]

John Helliwell, another Todmorden-born musician, was saxophonist in the band Supertramp.

Dale Hibbert, original bass player with The Smiths, author of "Boy Interrupted".

Geoff Love (1917–1991), the big band leader, was born in Todmorden.

John Kettley (born 1952), the former BBC weatherman, grew up in Todmorden.

Tim Benjamin (born 1975), the composer, lives in Todmorden, and the world premiere of his opera Emily was given at the town's Hippodrome Theatre in 2013.[41]

Sport

England Test cricketers Peter Lever (born 1940) and Derek Shackleton (1924–2007)and Walter Livsey (1884 - 1978) from Todmorden.

Other

Harold Shipman, the General Practitioner who is believed to have killed over 200 patients in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, claimed at least one of his victims while working as a doctor at the Abraham Ormerod Medical Centre between March 1974 and September 1975.[42][43] His first known victim, 70-year-old Eva Lyons, lived at Keswick Close in the town. Shipman had initially been charged with 15 murders committed around Hyde, Greater Manchester, between 1995 and 1998 when he went on trial in late 1999, but Lyons was only identified as a victim of Shipman when the inquiry into his crimes was completed in July 2002 by Dame Janet Smith.[44]

On 29 November 1980 police officer Alan Godfrey allegedly experienced an alien abduction, described in Jenny Randles' 1983 book The Pennine UFO Mystery.[45][46]

References

Notes

  1. ^ See page 828 of John C. Wells's LPD. Also, see 25 April 2008 and 29 January 2010
  2. ^ Peter Wright, A Yorkshireman's Dictionary, page 8
  3. ^ "Census 2001 – Todmorden CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 September 2007.
  4. ^ "Town population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  5. ^ Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain, p. 181
  6. ^ Glyn Hughes, foreword in "Todmorden Album 4", (Birch R.) p. 6
  7. ^ https://www.todmordennews.co.uk/news/our-prince-loved-tod-1-2893223
  8. ^ https://www.southpennines.co.uk/explore/todmorden/
  9. ^ "Blackheath Barrow: Archaeology". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  10. ^ Russell's note of the excavations appears in H. Ling Wroth, The Yorkshire Coiners 1767–1783, and Notes on Old and Prehistoric Halifax
  11. ^ "Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire | The Northern Antiquarian". Megalithix.wordpress.com. 19 November 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  12. ^ "Todmorden Library". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  13. ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Search | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  14. ^ Hindley, Charles (1871). "Execution and Confession of Miles Weatherhill, The Young Weaver, and his Sweetheart, Sarah Bell". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  15. ^ "The Murder At Todmorden Parsonage". News. The Times (26064). London. 5 March 1868. col A, p. 12.
  16. ^ "Northern Circuit. Manchester, 13 March., The Todmorden Murders". Law. The Times (26072). London. 14 March 1868. p. 11.
  17. ^ "Executions. Manchester". News. The Times (26091). London. 6 April 1868. col D, p. 10.
  18. ^ Survivor! The Summit Tunnel. Parry, K. ISBN 0-948287-00-4
  19. ^ a b "U.F.O. In Todmorden Part 2.Alien Abduction". YouTube. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  20. ^ "BBC Inside Out – Alien abduction claims in Yorkshire". BBC. 3 February 2003. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  21. ^ "Adamski case still fascinates". Todmorden News. 13 February 2006. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  22. ^ a b c Paull, John (2013) "Please Pick Me" – How Incredible Edible Todmorden is repurposing the commons for open source food and agricultural biodiversity, In J. Franzo, D. Hunter, T. Borelli & F. Mattei (Eds.). Diversifying Foods and Diets: Using Agricultural Biodiversity to Improve Nutrition and Health. Oxford: Earthscan, Routledge, pp.336–345.
  23. ^ "Roses united": The Times (Letters) 15 August 2009
  24. ^ "Todmorden ward profile". Archived from the original on 30 June 2010.
  25. ^ "Calder ward". Archived from the original on 30 June 2010.
  26. ^ "Historic Counties Postal Directory". Association of British Counties. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  27. ^ "Election of Town/Parish Councillors 2019 - 02/05/2019: Election results: Calderdale Council". Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  28. ^ "Election of Town/Parish Councillors 2015 - 07/05/2015: Election results: Calderdale Council". Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council.
  29. ^ "Todmorden Town Twinning Association". Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  30. ^ "index". Treesculptor.co.uk. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  31. ^ "davidwynne.info". davidwynne.info. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  32. ^ "ww1memorial". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
  33. ^ "Sally Wainwright: My Yorkshire". Yorkshire Post. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  34. ^ "The New Diggers, Costing the Earth - BBC Radio 4". BBC.
  35. ^ "@todcivicsociety twitter". 10 October 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  36. ^ "Focus on - Todmorden". Halifax Courier. 10 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  37. ^ "Todmorden". Lanchsire League. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  38. ^ Paul Collins, "Baboons Are Simply Too Small for Leopard Bait" (item 10), Slate, 4 August 2008.
  39. ^ Carole Cadwalladr, "Journey's end for the guidebook gurus?", The Observer Travel, 7 October 2007.
  40. ^ Hanson, Martyn. Hang on to a Dream – The Story of the Nice. Helter Skelter Publishing. ISBN 1-900924-43-9.
  41. ^ "Review by John Clarke: Haunting, hypnotic, entrancing Emily". www.todmordennews.co.uk.
  42. ^ "The Shipman Enquiry". Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2007.
  43. ^ "Abraham Ormerod Medical Centre". YouTube. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  44. ^ "Shipman's 215 victims". BBC News. 13 January 2004. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  45. ^ Randles, Jenny (1983). Pennine UFO Mystery. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0722189351.
  46. ^ "Policeman Probed | FBI". Fortean Times. Retrieved 20 January 2014.

Bibliography

  • W. F. H., Nicolaisen; Gelling, M.; Richards, M. (1970). The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain. B. T. Batsford Ltd. ISBN 0-7134-0113-3.

Further reading

  • Birch, R. A Way of Life, E.J.Morton Publishers, 1972. ISBN 0-901598-58-5
  • Birch, R. Todmorden Album 4, The Woodlands Press, 2006.
  • Cass, E. The Pace-Egg Plays of the Calder Valley, London: FLS Books, 2004.
  • Heywood, M., Heywood, F. and Jennings, B. A History of Todmorden, Smith Settle Ltd, 1996.
  • Holden, J. A Short History of Todmorden, Manchester University Press, 1912.
  • Jennings, B. Pennine Valley: History of Upper Calderdale Dalesman Publishing Co Ltd, 1992.
  • Law, B. The Fieldens of Todmorden: A Nineteenth Century Business Dynasty, Littleborough: George Kelsall, I995.
  • MacDonald, M. The World From Rough Stones, Random House, 1975. (A novel set during the building of the Summit Tunnel).
  • Malcolm, F., and Heywood, F. Cloth Caps and Cricket Crazy, Upper Calder Valley Publications, 2004.
  • Paull, J., "Incredible Edible Todmorden: Eating the Street", Farming Matters, 2011, 27(3):28–29
  • Wilkinson, R. Todmorden Buses: A Century of Service, Nostalgia Road Publications, 2006 ISBN 1-903016-68-1
  • Paull, J., Please pick me': How Incredible Edible Todmorden is repurposing the commons for open source food and agricultural biodiversity. Case Study 10 in "Diversifying food and diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health"

External links

Media related to Todmorden at Wikimedia Commons

2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2016 last stood for election in 2012. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors was elected in this election. Before the election there was no overall control with a minority Labour administration. After the election there was still no overall control so the minority Labour administration continued.

In July 2016 Councillor Rob Holden of Ryburn Ward was suspended from the Conservative Party after he made a request for an independent financial audit of the Calder Valley Conservative Association. This led to a criminal investigation into the financial irregularities at the association. He retained his seat on the council as an independent.

A by-election was held on 6 April 2017 in the Hipperholme and Lightcliffe ward after the sudden death of Councillor Graham Hall in January 2017. The seat was held by the Conservative Party with George Robinson winning the seat.By-elections were held on 8 June 2017 in the Rastrick ward and Todmorden ward after the resignation of Rastrick Councillor Lynne Mitchell and Todmorden Councillor Jayne Booth. Rastrick ward was held by the Conservative Party with the election of Sophie Whittaker and Todmorden ward was held by the Labour Party with the election of Carol Machell.In April 2018 Councillor Mike Payne of Sowerby Bridge Ward was suspended from the Conservative Party pending an investigation by the party after it was discovered that he had shared an article on Twitter in 2013 which called Muslims "parasites". He was not investigated by Calderdale Council as he was not a councillor at the time of the Tweets. He retained his seat on the council as an independent Conservative. He was later reinstated into the party.

Calder Valley line

The Calder Valley line (also previously known as the Caldervale line) is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool. It is the slower of the two main rail routes between Leeds and Manchester (the other being the Huddersfield line), and the northernmost of the three main trans-Pennine routes.

Calderdale

The Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. It takes its name from the River Calder, whose upper part flows through the borough. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder. The population at the 2011 Census was 203,826.Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines and is the southern-most of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park.

The borough was formed by the merger of six former local government districts, spanning, from east to west, the towns of Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd, together with Hebden Bridge, forms Hebden Royd.

Halifax is the main commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough, with numerous high street chain stores, markets, central library, borough council offices, public transport hub, central police station and the further and higher education college, as well as other major local organisations. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, Calderdale's admin headquarters is in Halifax, with some council organisations based in Todmorden.

Dobroyd Castle

Dobroyd Castle is an important historic building above the town of Todmorden, West Yorkshire, England. It was built for John Fielden, local mill owner and son of Honest John Fielden the Social Reformer and MP.The building has had a varied past. First built as an extravagant mansion house, then it was used as a school, it then became a Buddhist Retreat centre and the building is currently used as an Activity Centre (Known as Robinwood) for Primary School Groups.

The castle has 66 rooms and is Grade II* listed.

Eastwood, West Yorkshire

Eastwood is a place within the civil parish of Todmorden and Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. It lies 8 miles (12.9 km) west from Halifax, roughly equidistant from Todmorden's town centre, which is 2 miles (3.2 km) to the southwest, and Hebden Bridge, which is 2 miles to the northeast, along the course of the River Calder. Eastwood falls within the Calder ward of Calderdale council.

Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, sources suggest that Eastwood's name was almost certainly taken from the Eastwoode family, who were local landowners active from the 13th to 17th centuries. Eastwood Old Hall is the former seat of this family, and remains as a landmark and manorhouse within the locality

Geoffrey Wilkinson

Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson FRS (14 July 1921 – 26 September 1996) was a Nobel laureate English chemist who pioneered inorganic chemistry and homogeneous transition metal catalysis.

John Ramsbottom (engineer)

John Ramsbottom (11 September 1814 – 20 May 1897) was an English mechanical engineer. Born in Todmorden, then on the county border of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Ramsbottom was the son of a steam cotton mill owner. He learned about steam engines, rebuilding his father's and also invented the weft fork (this has also been attributed to James Bullough) that enabled looms to be run at high speed. He also created many inventions for railways.

List of schools in Calderdale

This is a list of schools in Calderdale in the English county of West Yorkshire.

Mons Mill, Todmorden

Mons Mill, Todmorden, is a former cotton spinning mill in Todmorden, Calderdale, West Yorkshire, built for the Hare Spinning Company Limited. It was built in 1907, but ran into financial difficulties. It passed over to the Mons Mill (1919) Co Ltd and then was taken over by the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in the 1930s and passed to Courtaulds in 1964 and production stopped in 1968. It was used into the 1990s by Ward & Goldestone Ltd. The site was cleared in 2000.

OL postcode area

The OL postcode area, also known as the Oldham postcode area, is a group of postcode districts around Ashton-under-Lyne, Bacup, Heywood, Littleborough, Oldham, Rochdale and Todmorden in England.

Whilst including almost all of Oldham and most of the wider Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, it is not exclusive to these areas, extending into most of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale and parts of the Tameside borough of Greater Manchester, and through a very small part of both Lancashire and West Yorkshire.

Peter Lever

Peter Lever (born 17 September 1940, Todmorden, Yorkshire, England) is a former English cricketer, who played in seventeen Tests and ten ODIs for England from 1970 to 1975. He was a successful wicket taker, taking 41 victims from those seventeen Tests, and a handy batsman with a top score of 88 not out. Towards the end of his career, during a Test match against New Zealand, he almost killed debutant Ewen Chatfield with a bouncer.

Rochdale and District Weavers', Reelers', Beamers' and Doublers' Association

The Rochdale and District Weavers', Reelers', Beamers' and Doublers' Association was a trade union representing cotton industry workers in Rochdale and surrounding areas of Lancashire in England.

A union of weavers, working both in cotton and in wool, existed in Rochdale in 1860, but disappeared and was refounded in 1878, representing only those working in cotton. It was initially known as the Rochdale and District Weavers', Winders', Reelers', Beamers' and Hosiery Workers' Association. In 1884, the Whitworth Vale Weavers' Association broke away, following a dispute about finances.In the 1890s, the Rochdale association was one of the largest weavers' unions, with more than 2,500 members. It joined the Amalgamated Weavers' Association in 1892, but left four years later following a dispute. Its membership initially continued to grow, reaching 4,000 in the early 1900s, but fell back to 3,300 in 1906, two-thirds of whom were women. It rejoined the AWA in 1906, and membership reached a peak of more than 5,000 in the 1920s.In 1931, the union adopted it final name, and in 1934, the Whitworth Vale Weavers' Association rejoined. Partly as a result of this, it retained its membership better than most other local cotton unions, as employment in the industry fell, and in 1970 it still had more than 2,000 members. That year, it merged with the Todmorden, Bacup and District Weavers' and Winders' Association, becoming the Rochdale and Todmorden District of the Amalgamated Textile Workers' Union.

Todmorden Cricket Club

Todmorden Cricket Club is a cricket club in the Lancashire League, which plays its home games at Centre Vale in Todmorden, West Yorkshire. Until the administrative border was changed in 1888, the historic boundary between Lancashire and Yorkshire ran through the centre of the ground.

Todmorden High School

Todmorden High School is a comprehensive school in the town of Todmorden, Calderdale LEA, West Yorkshire, England.

Todmorden Mills

Todmorden Mills was a small settlement located in the Don River valley in Toronto, Ontario. It started out as a lumber mill in the 1790s. Originally known as "Don Mills", it grew into a small industrial complex and village before becoming part of East York in the 20th century. Currently the valley site is occupied by the Todmorden Mills Heritage Museum and Arts Centre, which includes the museum, art gallery, a theatre and a forest preserve.

Todmorden Station (pastoral lease)

Todmorden Station, most commonly known as Todmorden, is a pastoral lease that operates as a cattle station in South Australia.

Todmorden War Memorial

Todmorden War Memorial is a war memorial located in Todmorden, West Yorkshire, England.The memorial is in the garden of remembrance in Centre Vale Park with sculptural work by Gilbert Bayes. The War Memorial was unveiled on 9 October 1921.

Todmorden railway station

Todmorden railway station is in West Yorkshire, England, originally on the Yorkshire/Lancashire border. It was built by the Manchester and Leeds Railway and is on the Calder Valley Line 23 miles (37 km) west of Leeds and 17 miles (27 km) north-east of Manchester Victoria.

It was opened in March 1841 when the final portion of M&L main line between Manchester and Normanton through Summit Tunnel was completed. It became a junction in 1849 with the opening of a branch line westwards through the Cliviger Gorge to Burnley. This was later extended to join the East Lancashire Railway near Rose Grove, giving a direct route to Blackburn, Preston and Blackpool.

For many years the station was served by express trains between Liverpool and York and local trains toward Preston, Bradford and Leeds, but since the Beeching cuts in the 1960s the basic service has been a local one between Leeds and Manchester Victoria. In May 2015, a service from Manchester to Blackburn via Burnley began using the station.

Walsden railway station

Walsden railway station serves the village of Walsden, Todmorden in West Yorkshire, England, on the edge of the Pennines.

It is served by the Caldervale Line operated by Northern. The station is 32 miles (51 km) west of Leeds and 17.25 miles (28 km) north east of Manchester Victoria. Walsden is the last station before the boundary with Greater Manchester. The station was opened by Metro (West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive) on 10 September 1990 as a replacement for an earlier structure that closed on 6 August 1961. This earlier station, which was opened in 1845 by the Manchester & Leeds Railway, predecessor of the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, was situated between the level crossing and the north portal of Winterbutlee Tunnel, a few yards south of the present station.

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