Timothy Granville-Chapman

General Sir Timothy John Granville-Chapman, GBE, KCB (born 5 January 1947) is a former British Army officer, who served as Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff of the British Armed Forces (2005–2009).

Sir Timothy Granville-Chapman
Born5 January 1947 (age 72)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1968–2008
Commands heldVice-Chief of the Defence Staff
Commander-in-Chief, Land Forces
Adjutant-General to the Forces
Joint Services Command and Staff College
1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

Early life

Granville-Chapman was born on 5 January 1947. He was educated at Charterhouse School, a public school in Godalming, Surrey. He studied law at Christ's College, Cambridge, and graduated from the University of Cambridge with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in 1968; as per tradition, this was promoted to a Master of Arts (MA (Cantab)) degree.[1]

Military career

Granville-Chapman was commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1968.[2] He went on to be an instructor at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and then took a staff job in Military Operations in the Ministry of Defence.[2] Later he became Military Assistant to the Commander 1 (BR) Corps before being appointed commanding officer of 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery (1RHA) in Hohne, Germany.[2]

He was made the Chief of the General Staff's author for the first version of the British Military Doctrine and then went on to be Assistant Director in the Defence Policy Staff at the Ministry of Defence.[2]

He was made commander of an armoured brigade in Germany and then Director of Army Staff Duties.[2] He became Assistant Chief of the General Staff in 1994.[2] He became the first Commandant of the Joint Service Command and Staff College when he was appointed to that post on 28 June 1996.[3] He was made Adjutant General in 2000, Commander-in-Chief, Land Command in 2003 and Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff in 2005.[4]

In July 2008 he was appointed as the Master Gunner, St James's Park[5]. He held the position until 30 April 2017.[6]


Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon.png Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) (2007)[7]
Order of the Bath UK ribbon.png Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) (2001)[8]


  1. ^ "GRANVILLE-CHAPMAN, Gen. Sir Timothy (John)". Who's Who 2016. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Biographical profile, Ministry of Defence, archived from the original on 13 October 2008
  3. ^ "No. 5443". The London Gazette. 1 July 1996. p. 8911.
  4. ^ "No. 57724". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 August 2005. p. 10299.
  5. ^ "No. 58771". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 July 2008. p. 11003.
  6. ^ "No. 61916". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 May 2017. p. 9030.
  7. ^ "No. 58196". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 2006. p. 5.
  8. ^ "New Years Honours 2000". BBC. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Military offices
Preceded by
Michael Walker
Assistant Chief of the General Staff
Succeeded by
Michael Willcocks
New title
College established
Commandant of the Joint Services Command and Staff College
Succeeded by
Brian Burridge
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Harley
Adjutant General
Succeeded by
Sir Alistair Irwin
Preceded by
Sir Michael Jackson
Commander-in-Chief, Land Command
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Dannatt
Preceded by
Sir Anthony Bagnall
Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff
Succeeded by
Sir Nick Houghton
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Harley
Master Gunner,
St. James's Park

Succeeded by
Sir Andrew Gregory
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Harley
Colonel Commandant and President, Honourable Artillery Company
Succeeded by
Sir Barney White-Spunner
Advanced Research and Assessment Group

The Advanced Research and Assessment Group (ARAG) was a department of the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom concerned with long-term planning and threat assessment.

ARAG was established in 2005 by Chris Donnelly CMG, the former principal advisor to the NATO Secretary General. He realised that across the UK Ministry of Defence and wider government no organisation was either adaptable or innovative enough to research 21st Century security challenges. ARAG brought together experts from the military, academia and other fields in "research clusters" dedicated to specific areas of concern, in order to provide policy-makers with focussed analysis of international security issues. ARAG members were hand-picked and came from a wide background of skills, experience and nationalities. ARAG subsumed the Conflict Studies Research Centre, previously known as the Soviet Studies Research Centre, which for nearly 40 years had studied the Soviet Union, working in open source organic languages to supplement MoD and Intelligence Service assets. ARAG worked across government departments undertaking both directed and undirected research and broadening its reach to encompass new security challenges such as China, cyber security and strategic communication. It produced a large number of research papers - made freely available to the public from the Defence Academy website - as well as more targeted limited distribution work. Many of these papers became seminal reference works including Russia and The West: A Reassessment by Dr James Sherr, Charles Blandy's correct prediction of the Russian attack on Georgia, Professor James Pettifer's analysis of the Greek financial crisis and the joint paper by Major General Andrew Mackay and Commander Steve Tatham. Mackay is on public record as stating that ARAG was the only organisation in the MoD capable of helping him plan and write his operational design for his Brigade tour in Helmand Province, Afghanistan, in 2007. ARAG also administered the Defence Academy Reserve Cadre, a network of over 70 Reserve Forces personnel with unusual civilian skills sets or languages. The Cadre personnel were designed to augment regular forces and other government departments in providing specialist civilian skills in operational areas. They were also, at one point, the only part of the UK Defence Community directly assisting the UK Prevent agenda through their mentoring at the Active Change Foundation. The cadre was described by then Vice Chief of Defence Staff General Sir Timothy Granville-Chapman as a 'work of genius'.In 2007 Mr Donnelly handed management of ARAG to Dr Jamie MacIntosh, the former Special Advisor to the Home Secretary Dr John Reid. Dr MacIntosh was responsible for advising Dr Reid to split the functions of the Home Office – declaring that it was not 'fit for purpose'.

ARAG was renamed Research & Assessment Branch in late 2009 and, losing its own budget, incorporated into the Defence Academy's HQ Building - newly refurbished to accommodate them. Widely flagged as a means to preserve ARAG's capability, the Defence Academy's Director General, Lieutenant General Andrew Graham, told the staff that he was 'passionate about research' and that the capability was secure under his tenure. However less than three months later and despite having an annual budget of less than £1 million, ARAG was closed down in February 2010 by General Graham as a cost-saving measure. The move was widely condemned, with letters of protest being sent from government departments, the security services, former senior members of the US government, academia and other organisations. However ARAG and its new head had already made itself unpopular in Whitehall for pointing out the many failures of government departments and agencies as part of their 'red-teaming' function. R&AB also made itself unpopular within the Defence Academy itself – suggesting that whilst over 300 military officers graduated each year from the JSCSC Staff Courses there was no measure of effectiveness of the courses and no way to measure their value for money. R&AB staff also pointed out inconsistencies and failings of the various contracts and PFIs that existed in the Defence Academy. For example, despite Kings College London and SERCO receiving millions in public money, no online research papers were available to students - a basic research tool enjoyed by every other university in the UK - and basic administrative functions were hugely and disproportionately expensive. As a consequence many senior officers were reluctant to make a case for its retention. The comments from Kings College London Staff were particularly revealing. The BBC featured its demise, twice, in The World at One on 3 Feb 2010 and a large number of PQs were raised by various MPs. The answers provided by the then Minister for the Armed Forces, Bill Rammell, were confused and suggested that ARAG's functions would be handed to other organisations - a clear breach of negotiated Union arrangements and as such the basis of an ongoing dispute between the Defence Academy and the Prospect Union. Since the vast majority of ARAG and R&AB's work was undertaken in organic language analysis, it is unclear how such functions could be fulfilled by Kings College London or Cranfield University. In discussions with staff after the decision it became apparent that the senior management of the Defence Academy were unaware of much of the work R&AB had undertaken - a failing that many of the staff attributed to firstly Dr Macintosh, who in 2009 had inexplicably ceased the publication of all R&AB papers for nearly one year, and secondly to Lt General Graham who has taken a far less hands on approach with Defence Academy business than his predecessor Lieutenant General John Kiszely, who had been actively involved in many of ARAGs projects - instead creating a new 1 Star post (Army Brigadier Sean Crane) to help oversee the Academy's multimillion-pound business.

With no tangible written output for nearly a year, Brigadier Crane questioned the worth of the unit and its Head was apparently unable to make a case for its retention. At its close the 25 full-time R&AB staff spoke 27 languages and administered a distributed global network of associates and subject matter experts of over 5000 people world-wide. All of R&AB's civil servants joined the MoD re-deployment pool whilst its long standing contractors - Persian, Arabic and Russian analysts - were laid off. R&AB's network of experts was dismantled. No other comparable organisation exists in the Western world. The Reserve Cadre was also disbanded at the same time.

In April 2010 Dr Macintosh was loaned by the MoD to a new crisis and resilience research centre at University College London founded by Dr John Reid for a period of three years. Many of the new centre's functions (Quote: the institute will encompass themes such as behaviour, capacity, media, strategy and development unquote) exactly mirror those of the former R&AB, leading to further accusations that the MoD still requires the functions formally provided by R&AB.

In September 2010, members of the ARAG team laid off by the Defence Academy re-established its core functionality to supply its expertise and insight to commercial and government customers at will, independently of the Ministry of Defence. The new Conflict Studies Research Centre is a research, analysis and consultancy group with strong expertise in Eurasian area studies and defence studies, cyber security, energy security and terrorist finance.

Alexander Harley

General Sir Alexander George Hamilton Harley, (born 3 May 1941) is a retired British Army officer and former Adjutant-General to the Forces.

Alfred Earle

Air Chief Marshal Sir Alfred Earle, (11 December 1907 – 27 March 1990) was a senior officer in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War who later served as Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff (1964–66), and Director General of British Defence Intelligence (1966-1968).

Andrew Gregory

Lieutenant-General Sir Andrew Richard Gregory, (born 19 November 1957) is a retired British Army officer who served as Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff. In September 2016, he became Controller SSAFA, The Armed Forces charity. He was appointed Master Gunner, St James's Park from 1 May 2017.

Anthony Bagnall

Air Chief Marshal Sir Anthony John Crowther "Tony" Bagnall, (born 8 June 1945) is a retired senior Royal Air Force officer and former Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff.

Anthony Morton

Admiral Sir Anthony Storrs Morton (6 November 1923 – 6 May 2006) was a senior Royal Navy officer and Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff.

Assistant Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

The Assistant Chief of the General Staff and Army Chief of Staff is a senior role in the British Army.

Clan Home

Clan Home (pronounced and sometimes spelt Hume) is a Scottish clan. It held immense power for much of the Middle Ages and dominated the eastern Scottish Borders. It produced no fewer than eight Wardens of the Eastern March - more than any other family.

David Evans (RAF officer)

Air Chief Marshal Sir David George Evans, is a retired senior commander of the Royal Air Force.

Elizabeth Cross

The Elizabeth Cross is a commemorative emblem given to the recognised next of kin of members of the British Armed Forces killed in action or as a result of a terrorist attack after the Second World War. It bears the name of the current British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II.

John Gibbon (British Army officer)

General Sir John Houghton Gibbon (21 September 1917 – 1997) was a British soldier who served as Master-General of the Ordnance from 1974 until his retirement in 1977.

John Willis (RAF officer)

Air Chief Marshal Sir John Frederick Willis (27 October 1937 – 9 January 2008) was a senior Royal Air Force officer.

Light Cavalry HAC

The Light Cavalry HAC originally was formed in 1861 as part of the Honourable Artillery Company a volunteer military unit associated with the City of London. In 1891 they were disbanded and absorbed into the rapidly expanding horse artillery element of the Regiment, eventually becoming part of 'A' Battery HAC.

Master Gunner, St James's Park

The Master Gunner St James’s Park’s appointment goes back to 1678 and has generally been held by a senior officer in the Royal Artillery. The early incumbents (known then as the Master Gunner of Whitehall & St James's Park) were responsible for the artillery defence of Whitehall Palace and the Palace of Westminster.

There has always been a connection between the Monarch and the Regiment and it remains to this day where The Queen is 'The Captain-General' of the Royal Regiment. The Master Gunner, whose appointment is approved by Her, is the link to the Regiment. He presides over regimental affairs by heading a Committee comprising serving and recently retired senior officers of the Regiment which provides guidance, advice and direction on all matters and affairs concerning the past, present and future of the Royal Regiment. Along with his fellow Masters and Chiefs, he provides a report annually to the Chief of the General Staff on regimental affairs. The Master Gunner also maintains the Captain-General’s links to Commonwealth Artilleries.

The Master Gunner St James’s Park should not be confused with that of the rank of Warrant Officer Class 1 (Master Gunner), which is a technical and instructional appointment achieved by some Royal Artillery warrant officers.

Nick Houghton

General John Nicholas Reynolds Houghton, Baron Houghton of Richmond, (born 18 October 1954) is a retired senior British Army officer and former Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) of the British Armed Forces. He was appointed CDS in July 2013, following the retirement of General Sir David Richards. He served as Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion, the Green Howards in Northern Ireland during The Troubles and later became Commander of the 39th Infantry Brigade in Northern Ireland. He deployed as Senior British Military Representative and Deputy Commanding General, Multi-National Force – Iraq during the Iraq War. Later, he became Chief of Joint Operations at Permanent Joint Headquarters and served as Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff until assuming the position of CDS. Houghton retired from the British Army in July 2016, and was succeeded as CDS by Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach.

Patrick Howard-Dobson

General Sir Patrick John Howard-Dobson (12 August 1921 – 8 November 2009) was a senior British Army officer and Quartermaster-General to the Forces.

Peter Herbert (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral Sir Peter Geoffrey Marshall Herbert, (28 February 1929 – 3 May 2019) was a senior Royal Navy officer and former Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff.

Timothy Fraser

Admiral Timothy Peter Fraser, is a senior Royal Navy officer who serves as Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff since May 2019.

Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom)

The Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS) is the deputy to the Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of the British Armed Forces. The position was titled Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff before 1964. From 1966 to 1978 the post was occupied by a 3 star officer. From 1978 onwards the post has been held by a 4 star officer.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.