Times Square Ball

The Times Square Ball is a time ball located in New York City's Times Square. Located on the roof of One Times Square, the ball is a prominent part of a New Year's Eve celebration in Times Square commonly referred to as the ball drop, where the ball descends 141 feet (43 m) in 60 seconds down a specially designed flagpole, beginning at 11:59:00 p.m. ET, and resting at midnight to signal the start of the new year. In recent years, the festivities have been preceded by live entertainment, including performances by musicians.

The event was first organized by Adolph Ochs, owner of The New York Times newspaper, as a successor to a series of New Year's Eve fireworks displays he held at the building to promote its status as the new headquarters of the Times, while the ball itself was designed by Artkraft Strauss. First held on December 31, 1907, to welcome 1908, the ball drop has been held annually since, except in 1942 and 1943 in observance of wartime blackouts.

The ball's design has been updated over the years to reflect improvements in lighting technology; the ball was initially constructed from wood and iron, and lit with 100 incandescent light bulbs. The current incarnation features a computerized LED lighting system and an outer surface consisting of triangular crystal panels. These panels contain inscriptions representing a yearly theme. Since 2009, the current ball has been displayed atop One Times Square year-round, while the original, smaller version of the current ball that was used in 2008 has been on display inside the Times Square visitor's center.

The event is organized by the Times Square Alliance and Countdown Entertainment, a company led by Jeff Strauss,[1] and is among the most notable New Year's celebrations internationally: it is attended by at least 1 million spectators yearly, and is nationally televised as part of New Year's Eve specials broadcast by a number of networks and cable channels.[2] The prevalence of the Times Square ball drop has inspired similar "drops" at other local New Year's Eve events across the country; while some use balls, some instead drop objects that represent local culture or history.

Times Square New Year's Eve ball drop
TSBALL logo
Times Square Ball Roof 2011
The ball resting atop One Times Square in 2010
GenreNew Year's Eve event
Date(s)December 31st, January 1st
Begins6:00 PM EST
Ends12:20 AM EST
FrequencyAnnually
Location(s)Times Square, New York City
Inaugurated1907
FounderAdolph Ochs
Organized byTimes Square Alliance
Countdown Entertainment
Websitetimessquareball.net

Events

Event organization

Working New Years Eve Social Media for NBC (9234114888)
Spectators celebrate the arrival of 2013.
US Navy 061231-N-6897L-030 Electrician's Mate 2nd Class Oswaldo San Andres and Master-at-Arms 2nd Class Lillianne Perez join New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg
Oswaldo San Andres and Lillianne Perez join Michael Bloomberg in activating the drop for 2007.

To facilitate the arrival of attendees, Times Square is closed to traffic beginning in the late afternoon on New Year's Eve. The square is then divided into different viewing sections referred to as "pens", into which attendees are directed sequentially upon arrival.[3][4] Security is strictly enforced by the New York City Police Department (NYPD), even more so since the 2001–02 edition in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Attendees are required to pass through security checkpoints before they are assigned a pen, and are prohibited from bringing backpacks or alcohol to the event.[4]

Security was increased further for 2017–18 edition due to recent incidents such as the truck attack in New York on October 31, and the Route 91 Harvest festival shootings in Las Vegas; these included additional patrols of Times Square hotels, rooftop patrol squads and counter-snipers, and the installation of reflective markers on buildings to help officers identify the location of elevated shooters.[5] For 2018–19, the NYPD announced its intent to use a camera-equipped quadcopter to augment the over 1,200 fixed cameras monitoring Times Square. However, due to the rainy conditions, the quadcopter was ultimately left unused.[6]

Festivities

Festivities formally begin in the early evening, with the raising of the ball at around 6:00 p.m. ET, upon the conclusion of the 20-second “6 Hours to Go” countdown at 5:59:40.[3] Party favors are distributed to attendees, which have historically included large balloons, hats, and other items branded with the event's corporate sponsors.[7][8] The hours before the drop are preceded by hourly countdowns for the arrival of the new year in other countries, along with live music performances by popular musicians. Some of these performances are organized by, and aired on New Year's Eve television specials which are broadcast from Times Square.[8][9]

The drop itself occurs at 11:59 p.m.—the last minute of the year,[3] and is ceremonially "activated" by a dignitary or celebrity joined on-stage by the current Mayor of New York City, Bill de Blasio; formerly Rudy Giuliani from 1995-96 until 2001-02, and Michael Bloomberg from 2002-03 until 2012-13.[10][11] The conclusion of the drop is followed by fireworks shot from the roof of One Times Square, along with the playing of "Auld Lang Syne" by Guy Lombardo, "New York, New York" by Frank Sinatra, "America the Beautiful" by Ray Charles, "What a Wonderful World" by Louis Armstrong, and "Over the Rainbow " by IZ.[12]

The current Mayor of New York City has been joined by a special guest, selected yearly to recognize their community involvement or significance, in ceremonially "activating" the ball drop by pressing a button, resembling a smaller version of the ball itself, at exactly one minute to midnight.[10] The button itself does not actually trigger the drop; that is done from a control room, synchronized using a government time signal.[11] Special guests who have activated the ball drop have included:

Since the 2005–06 edition of the event, the drop has been directly preceded by the playing of John Lennon's song "Imagine". Until 2009–2010, the original recording was used; since 2010–2011, the song has been performed by the headlining artist;[40][41]

Cleanup

New Year Aftermath
Workers clearing trash from Times Square following the festivities.

After the conclusion of the festivities and the dispersal of attendees, cleanup is performed overnight to remove confetti and other debris from Times Square. When it is re-opened to the public the following morning, few traces of the previous night's celebration remain: following the 2013–14 drop, the New York City Department of Sanitation estimated that it had cleared over 50 tons of refuse from Times Square in eight hours, using 190 workers from their own crews and the Times Square Alliance.[49]

History

Early celebrations, first ball (1907–1919)

The first New Year's Eve celebration in Times Square was held on December 31, 1904; The New York Times' owner, Adolph Ochs, decided to celebrate the opening of the newspaper's new headquarters, One Times Square, with a New Year's fireworks show on the roof of the building to welcome 1905. Close to 200,000 people attended the event, displacing traditional celebrations that had normally been held at Trinity Church.[50] However, following several years of fireworks shows, Ochs wanted a bigger spectacle at the building to draw more attention to the area. The newspaper's chief electrician, Walter F. Palmer, suggested using a time ball, after seeing one used on the nearby Western Union Building.[50]

Ochs hired sign designer Artkraft Strauss to construct a ball for the celebration; it was built from iron and wood, electrically lit with one hundred incandescent light bulbs, weighed 700 pounds (320 kg), and measured 5 feet (1.5 m) in diameter. The ball was hoisted on the building's flagpole with rope by a team of six men. Once it hit the roof of the building, the ball was designed to complete an electric circuit to light a 5-foot tall sign indicating the new year, and trigger a fireworks show.[51] The first ever "ball drop" was held on December 31, 1907, welcoming the year 1908.[50]

In 1913, only eight years after it moved to One Times Square, the Times moved its corporate headquarters to 229 West 43rd Street. The Times still maintained ownership of the tower, however, and Strauss continued to organize future editions of the drop.[52]

The second and third balls (1920–1998)

The original ball was retired in 1920 in favor of a second design; the second ball remained 5 feet (1.5 m) in diameter, but was now constructed from iron, weighing 400 pounds (180 kg).[53] The ball drop was placed on hiatus for New Year's Eve 1942 and 1943 due to wartime lighting restrictions during World War II.[53] Instead, a moment of silence was observed at midnight in Times Square, accompanied by the sound of church bells played from sound trucks.[53]

The second ball was retired in favor of a third design in 1955; again, it maintained the same diameter of its predecessors, but was now constructed from aluminium, and weighed 150 pounds (68 kg).[53] In 1981, the ball was modified to make it resemble an apple, by switching to red lightbulbs and adding a green "stem".[50] For 1988, organizers acknowledged the addition of a leap second earlier that day (leap seconds are appended at midnight UTC, which is five hours before midnight in New York) by extending the drop to 61 seconds, and by including a special one-second light show during the extra second.[54] The original white bulbs returned to the ball for 1989, but were replaced by red, white, and blue bulbs in 1991 to salute the troops of Operation Desert Shield.[50]

The third ball was revamped again in 1995 for 1996, adding a computerized lighting system with 180 halogen bulbs and 144 strobe lights, and over 12,000 rhinestones.[53][55] Lighting designer Barry Arnold stated that the changes were "something [that] had to be done to make this event more spectacular as we approach the millennium."[55]

The drop itself became computerized through the use of an electric winch synced with the National Institute of Standards and Technology's time signal; the new system was not without issues, however, as a glitch caused the ball to pause for a short moment halfway through its descent.[56] After its 44th use in 1999, the third ball was retired and placed on display at the Atlanta headquarters of Jamestown Group, owners of One Times Square.[50]

2000 times square ball at waterford
The fourth ball (on display at Waterford Crystal's headquarters in Ireland)
Times Square New Year's Eve Ball 2009
The 2008 ball (on display at Times Square Visitors Center)
Times Square Ball 2010
The current ball, as seen in 2009

Into the new millennium (1999–2007)

On December 28, 1998, during a press conference attended by New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani, organizers announced that the third ball would be retired for the arrival of the new millennium, and replaced by a new design constructed by Waterford Crystal. The year 2000 celebrations introduced more prominent sponsorship to the drop; companies such as Discover Card, Korbel Champagne, and Panasonic were announced as official sponsors of the festivities in Times Square. The city also announced that Ron Silver would lead a committee known as "NYC 2000", which was in charge of organizing events across the city for year 2000 celebrations.[57]

A full day of festivities was held at Times Square to celebrate the arrival of the year 2000, which included concerts and hourly cultural presentations with parades of puppets designed by Michael Curry, representing countries entering the new year at that hour. Organizers expected a total attendance exceeding 2 million spectators.[58]

The fourth ball, measuring 6 feet (1.8 m) in diameter and weighing 1,070 pounds (490 kg), incorporated a total of over 600 halogen bulbs, 504 triangle-shaped crystal panels provided by Waterford, 96 strobe lights, and spinning, pyramid-shaped mirrors. The ball was constructed at Waterford's factory in Ireland, and was then shipped to New York City, where the lighting system and motorized mirrors were installed.[51]

Many of the triangles were inscribed with "Hope"-themed designs changing yearly, such as "Hope for Fellowship", "Hope for Wisdom", "Hope for Unity", "Hope for Courage", and "Hope for Abundance".[3][59] For 2002, as part of the theme "Hope for Healing", 195 of the ball's panels were engraved with the names of nations and organizations who were affected by or were involved in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks.[3][59] In December 2011, the "Hope for Healing" panels were accepted into the collection of the National September 11 Museum.[60]

Present day (2008–present)

In honor of the ball drop's centennial anniversary, a brand new fifth design debuted for New Year's Eve 2008. Once again manufactured by Waterford Crystal with a diameter of 6 feet (1.8 m), but weighing 1,212 pounds (550 kg), it used LED lamps provided by Philips (which can produce 16,777,216 or 224 colors), with computerized lighting patterns developed by the New York City-based lighting firm Focus Lighting. The ball featured 9,576 energy-efficient bulbs that consumed the same amount of electricity as only 10 toasters.[2] The 2008 ball was only used once, and was placed on display at the Times Square Visitors Center following the event.[50][56][61]

For 2009, a larger version of the fifth ball was introduced—an icosahedral geodesic sphere lit by 32,256 LED lamps. Its diameter is twice as wide as the 2008 ball, at 12 feet (3.7 m), and contains 2,688 Waterford Crystal panels, with a weight of 11,875 pounds (5,386 kg). It was designed to be weatherproof, as the ball would now be displayed atop One Times Square nearly year-round following the celebrations.[50][56][61]

Yearly themes for the ball's crystal panels continued; from 2008 to 2013, the ball contained crystal patterns that were part of a Waterford series known as "World of Celebration", including themes such as "Let There Be Light" and "Let There Be Peace". For 2014, all the ball's panels were replaced, marking a new theme series known as "Greatest Gifts", beginning with "Gift of Imagination".[33][45][61][62]

The numerical sign indicating the year (which remains atop the tower along with the ball itself) uses Philips LED lamps. The "14" digits for 2014 used Philips Hue multi-color LED lamps, allowing them to have computerized lighting cues.[63]

Weather at midnight

According to National Weather Service records, between the 1907–08 and 2017–18 festivities, the average temperature at midnight in nearby Central Park was 34 °F (1 °C). The warmest ball drops occurred in 1965–66 and 1972–73 when the temperature was 58 °F (14 °C). The coldest ball drop occurred in 1917–18, when the temperature was 1 °F (−17 °C) and the wind chill was −18 °F (−28 °C). Affected by a continent-wide cold wave, the 2017–18 drop was the second-coldest on record, at 9 °F (−13 °C) (−4 °F (−20 °C) after wind chill).[64][65] Snow has fallen seven times, most recently during the 2009–10 event, and rain or drizzle has fallen sixteen times, most recently during the 2018–19 event.[66]

Broadcasting

New Years Eve 1999-2000 - Times Square
ABC News' presence at Times Square for ABC 2000 Today

As a public event, the festivities and ball drop are often broadcast on television. As of 2016-17, a host feed of 21 cameras across Times Square is provided to broadcasters to incorporate into their coverage.[67]

The event is covered as part of New Year's Eve television specials on several major U.S. television networks. By far the most notable of these is Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve; created, produced, and originally hosted by the entertainer Dick Clark until his death in 2012, and currently hosted by Ryan Seacrest and Jenny McCarthy, the program first aired on NBC in 1972 before moving to ABC, where it has been broadcast ever since.[68][69] New Year's Rockin' Eve has consistently been the most-watched New Year's Eve special in the U.S. annually, peaking at 25.6 million viewers for its 2017-18 edition.[70][68][71] Following the death of Dick Clark in April 2012, a crystal engraved with his name was added to the 2013 ball in tribute.[69]

Across the remaining networks, NBC broadcasts NBC's New Years Eve while Fox has aired New Year's specials covering Times Square with rotating hosts and themes, which were broadcast primarily under the title New Year's Eve Live until 2014. From 2015 to 2017, Fox broadcast Pitbull's New Year's Revolution from Miami instead, but returned to a Times Square-based show hosted by Steve Harvey for 2018. Spanish-language network Univision broadcasts ¡Feliz!, hosted by Raúl de Molina of El Gordo y La Flaca.[72][73][74][75]

On cable, CNN carries coverage of the festivities, known as New Year's Eve Live, currently hosted by Anderson Cooper and Andy Cohen (the latter first replacing Kathy Griffin for 2018).[76] Fox News carries All-American New Year, which was most recently hosted by Elisabeth Hasselbeck and Bill Hemmer from Times Square.[77]

Since 2008-09, an official webcast of the ball drop and its associated festivities has been produced, streamed via Livestream.com.[67][78][79]

Past broadcasts

Beginning in the 1940s, NBC broadcast coverage from Times Square anchored by Ben Grauer on both radio and television. Its coverage was later incorporated into special episodes of The Tonight Show, continuing through Johnny Carson and Jay Leno's tenures on the program. NBC would introduce a dedicated special, New Year's Eve with Carson Daly, beginning in 2004 with Carson Daly of The Voice and Last Call.[80] That special changed its name to NBC's New Years Eve for the 2018-19 event.

From 1956 to 1976, CBS was well known for its television coverage of the festivities hosted by bandleader Guy Lombardo, most frequently from the ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City, featuring his band's famous rendition of "Auld Lang Syne" at midnight. After Lombardo's death in 1977, CBS and the Royal Canadians, now led by Victor Lombardo, attempted to continue the special. However, Guy's absence and the growing popularity of ABC's New Year’s Rockin’ Eve prompted CBS to eventually drop the band entirely. In 1979 the Royal Canadians were replaced by a new special, Happy New Year, America, which ran in various formats with different hosts (such as Paul Anka, Donny Osmond, Andy Williams, Paul Shaffer, and Montel Williams) until it was discontinued after 1996. CBS, except for coverage during a special episode of Late Show with David Letterman for 1999, and a special America's Millennium broadcast for 2000, has not broadcast any national New Year's programming since.[81][82][83][84]

For 2000, in lieu of New Year's Rockin' Eve, ABC News covered the festivities as part of its day-long telecast, ABC 2000 Today. Hosted by Peter Jennings, the broadcast featured coverage of millennium festivities from around the world, including those in New York City. Jennings was joined by Dick Clark as a special correspondent for coverage from Times Square.[85]

MTV had broadcast coverage originating from the network's Times Square studios at One Astor Plaza. For 2011, MTV also held its own ball drop in Seaside Heights, New Jersey, the setting of its popular reality series Jersey Shore, featuring cast member Snooki lowered inside a giant "hamster ball". Originally, MTV planned to hold the drop within its studio in Times Square, but the network was asked by city officials to conduct the drop elsewhere.[86]

Notes

  1. ^ Michael Bloomberg, whose mayoral term ended at midnight, did not attend, and celebrated privately with his family instead. Unlike Bloomberg's inauguration in 2002, which was held shortly after midnight, Bill de Blasio was inaugurated in a ceremony the following morning at Gracie Mansion.[29]
  2. ^ Cee-Lo's performance was criticized by fans for his change of the lyric "And no religion too" to "And all religion's true".[41]

References

  1. ^ "Nearly 800 Hard At Work On Times Square New Year's Eve Celebration". CBS New York. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "NYC ball drop goes 'green' on 100th anniversary". CNN. December 31, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Countdown to Times Square party; 1 million expected". CNN. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "New Year's Eve security main focus for NYPD". CNN. December 30, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  5. ^ Mueller, Benjamin (2017-12-28). "In Wake of Attacks, Tighter Security for Times Square on New Year's Eve". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  6. ^ Holley, Peter (December 31, 2018). "The NYPD planned to use drones during Times Square New Year's Eve celebration. Then it started raining". Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  7. ^ "For New Year's Eve, the Tie-Ins Erupt". The New York Times. December 13, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  8. ^ a b "A Very Confetti New Year's". Time. January 2, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Mansfield, Brian (December 26, 2013). "Etheridge added to Times Square New Year's Eve lineup". USA Today. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c "MAYOR GIULIANI ANNOUNCES NEW TRADITION FOR NEW YEAR'S EVE: COMMUNITY HERO TO LEAD TIMES SQUARE CELEBRATION". City of New York. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Balkin, Adam (December 30, 2003). "Technology Helps Times Square New Year's Eve Ball Drop Run Smoothly". NY1. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
  12. ^ "Across America, traditions of ham hocks, Watch Nights and the Times Square ball". NBCNews.com. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
  13. ^ "CITY KEEPS THE BALL ROLLING IT'S ANOTHER ROUND IN TIMES SQ. FOR SEASONED PARTYERS". New York Daily News. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  14. ^ "On the ball: Sang Lan was in the spotlight on New Year's..." Chicago Tribune. January 5, 1999. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  15. ^ "DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS TO JOIN TIMES SQUARE BALL DROP DURING NEW YEARS EVE FESTIVITIES". City of New York. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
  16. ^ "Ali To Drop Ball On New Year's". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  17. ^ "Inaugural Address Of Mayor Michael Bloomberg". Gotham Gazette. January 1, 2002. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
  18. ^ "Huge Times Square Crowd Watches Ball Drop". Fox News. Associated Press. January 1, 2003. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  19. ^ "Bloomberg Announces Special Guest For New Year's 2004 Celebration In New York". Life. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  20. ^ "Regis, Colin Powell ring in New Year's with'energy, enthusiasm'". USA Today. January 1, 2005. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  21. ^ "Neither rain nor snow slows Times Sq. party". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  22. ^ "Military Service Members Honored at Time Square Celebration". Navy.mil. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  23. ^ "Times Square New Year's gala turns 100". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  24. ^ "Revelers ring in 2009 in Times Square". Associated Press. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  25. ^ "America's Best High Schools Heads to Times Square". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  26. ^ "Sgt. Salvatore Giunta in NYC for New Year's Eve". Associated Press. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  27. ^ "Lady Gaga to perform on New Year's Eve in Times Square". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  28. ^ Seifman, David (December 28, 2012). "Rockettes to join Mayor Bloomberg on New Year's Eve". New York Post. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  29. ^ "Nearly 800 Hard At Work On Times Square New Year's Eve Celebration". CBS New York. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  30. ^ Costa, Robert (December 30, 2013). "Sotomayor to officiate at Times Square New Year's Eve". Washington Post. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  31. ^ "Brrr-Braving the Ball Drop". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  32. ^ "New Year's In Times Square: Jencarlos Canela Will Be The First Latino To Push Ball Drop Countdown Button". Latin Times. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
  33. ^ a b "Crystal Ball Nearly Ready For New Year's Eve In Times Square". CBSNewYork.com. CBS Radio. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  34. ^ "Activist to Help Drop Crystal Ball In Times Square". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  35. ^ "António Guterres appointed next UN Secretary-General by acclamation". United Nations. United Nations News Service. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  36. ^ "U.N. secretary-general to kick off Times Square New Year's Eve countdown". NBC News. Retrieved 2016-12-31.
  37. ^ "Founder of "Me Too" Movement, Tarana Burke, to be Special Guest of Times Square New Year's Eve" (PDF). timessquarenyc.org. Times Square Alliance. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  38. ^ Wise, Justin (19 December 2018). "Times Square New Year's celebration to honor media by bringing journalists onstage for ball drop". TheHill. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  39. ^ "Times Square New Year's Eve Announces Journalists who will be Honored as the Evening's Special Guests" (PDF). timessquarenyc.org. Times Square Alliance. 29 December 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  40. ^ Cooper, Gael Fashingbauer (January 1, 2012). "Fans angry that Cee Lo changed 'Imagine' lyrics". msnbc.com. Archived from the original on April 29, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  41. ^ a b c Golgowski, Nina (January 1, 2012). "Cee Lo Green changes lyrics to Lennon's Imagine to include pro-religion message enraging fans". The Daily Mail. London. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  42. ^ "Cruz To Perform 'Imagine' During New Year's Celebration". CBSNewYork.com. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  43. ^ "Live Times Square New Year's Eve Webcast: Watch Train, Cassadee Pope". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  44. ^ "New Year's Eve Organizers Release Star-Studded Roster Of Musical Talent Set To Perform Live In Times Square". TimesSquareNYC.org. Times Square Alliance. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  45. ^ a b "Workers To Install 288 New Waterford Crystals On New Year's Eve Ball". CBS New York. CBS Radio. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  46. ^ "Times Square Alliance : Gavin DeGraw and Rachel Platten to Headline Musical Lineup for Times Square New Year's Eve Live, Commercial-Free Webcast and TV Pool Feed". TimesSquareNYC.org. Times Square Alliance. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  47. ^ "Multi-Platinum Pop Singer and Songwriter Andy Grammer to Headline Musical Lineup for Times Square New Year's Eve Live, Commercial-Free Webcast and TV Pool Feed" (PDF). timessquarenyc.org. Times Square Alliance. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  48. ^ "Multi - Platinum Pop Singer, Songwriter and 2019 GRAMMY Award Nominee Bebe Rexha to Headline Musical Lineup for Times Square New Year's Eve, with Chart - Topping Alt - Pop Band lovelytheband, on the Live, Commercial - Free Webcast and TV Pool Feed" (PDF). timessquarenyc.org. Times Square Alliance. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  49. ^ "Crews Clean Up Times Square After New Year's Celebration". CBSNewYork.com. CBS Radio. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h Feuer, Alan (December 27, 2009). "Deconstructed – Times Square Ball – Lots of Sparkle for a Swift Fall". The New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  51. ^ a b Kushner, David (December 30, 1999). "This New Year's Eve, Technology Will Drop the Ball". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  52. ^ "History of Times Square". London: The Telegraph. July 27, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  53. ^ a b c d e Crump, William D. (2014). Encyclopedia of New Year's Holidays Worldwide. McFarland. p. 242. ISBN 9781476607481.
  54. ^ McFadden, Robert D. (December 31, 1987). "'88 Countdown: 3, 2, 1, Leap Second, 0". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2009.
  55. ^ a b Sutton, Larry. "Bigger Ball to Peg Square". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
  56. ^ a b c Barron, James (December 31, 2009). "When Party Is Over, the Ball Lands Here". The New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  57. ^ Goodnough, Abby (December 29, 1998). "Here Comes 2000, With Sponsors, Too; Official Products in the Right Place: Millennial Partying in Times Sq". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  58. ^ Kelley, Tina (December 30, 1999). "There's Another Countdown Before the Famed '10, 9, 8 . . .'". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  59. ^ a b "New Year Theme Right On The Ball". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  60. ^ "NATIONAL SEPTEMBER 11 MEMORIAL MUSEUM TO ACCEPT SPECIAL COLLECTION OF WATERFORD CRYSTAL TRIANGLES FROM 2001/2002 TIMES SQUARE BALL" (PDF). nat. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  61. ^ a b c "New Year's Eve Preparations Under Way In Times Square". CBSNewYork.com. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  62. ^ "Waterford and Times Square New Year's Eve Reveal "Gift of Imagination" Crystal Design as Part of New 10-Year "Greatest Gifts" Series". Waterford Crystal press release. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  63. ^ "Philips hue to Mark Colorful Start to 2014 at Times Square New Year's Eve Celebration" (Press release). Philips. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
  64. ^ "Times Square braces for one of coldest New Year's Eve parties on record". The Guardian. Associated Press. 2017-12-31. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  65. ^ Theresa Waldrop; Catherine E. Shoichet. "New year brings record cold across US". CNN.com. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  66. ^ "New Year's Eve/Ball Drop Weather at Central Park" (PDF). National Weather Service Forecast Office New York, New York. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  67. ^ a b "Meet the Team Behind Times Square New Year's Eve". TV Technology. NewBay Media. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  68. ^ a b Stelter, Brian (December 31, 2011). "4 Decades Later, He Still Counts". New York Times. p. C1. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  69. ^ a b Barmash, Jerry. "Marking New Year's Eve at Times Square Without Dick Clark". FishbowlNY. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  70. ^ Mitovich, Matt Webb (January 1, 2018). "Ratings: Ryan Seacrest's Rockin' Eve Hits All-Time Highs, Fox's Steve Harvey a Big Improvement Over Pitbull". TVLine. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  71. ^ Levin, Gary (January 4, 2012). "Nielsens: Clark's 'Rockin' Eve,' football start year well". USA Today. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  72. ^ "Countdown to 2012: What to watch on New Year's Eve". The Daily Caller. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  73. ^ "Ring in the new year with Ryan, Carson or Anderson". Bradenton Herald. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  74. ^ "Pitbull to Host New Year's Eve Live Show for Fox". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  75. ^ "Fox Swaps Pitbull for Steve Harvey on New Year's Eve". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2017-11-18.
  76. ^ Steinberg, Brian (2017-10-11). "CNN Will Replace Kathy Griffin With Andy Cohen for New Year's Eve". Variety. Retrieved 2017-11-18.
  77. ^ "TV highlights: Networks compete for most entertaining New Year's show". Washington Post. December 30, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  78. ^ Taub, Erica A. (December 24, 2009). "New Year's Eve in Times Square Is Now a Webcast". The New York Times. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  79. ^ Shriver, Jerry (December 27, 2007). "Extra-bright ball to drop at Times Square". USA Today. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  80. ^ Oldenberg, Ann (December 29, 2005). "Battle of Times Square". USA Today. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
  81. ^ Lynch, Stephen (December 31, 1999). "New Year's song remains ingrained in public mind". The Orange County Register. Archived from the original on April 26, 2005.
  82. ^ Collins, Scott (December 25, 2006). "Past, Present, and...Future?". Los Angeles Times. p. E1.
  83. ^ Moore, Frazier (December 26, 2001). "Next week to be 25th New Year's Eve without Guy Lombardo". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
  84. ^ Terry, Carol Burton. "New Guy Lombardo? Dick Clark sees New Year's tradition". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  85. ^ Bobbin, Jay (December 28, 2000). "Dick Clark offers longer New Year's Eve special". Ellensburg Daily Record. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
  86. ^ "Snooki 'dropped' from Times Square New Year's Eve celebration". Staten Island Advance. December 30, 2010. Retrieved October 8, 2012.

External links

Coordinates: 40°45′23″N 73°59′11″W / 40.7564°N 73.9865°W

Cup Noodles

Cup Noodles (カップヌードル, Kappu Nūdoru) is a brand of instant cup noodle ramen invented in 1971 and manufactured by Nissin, packaged in a foam food container, hard plastic or paper cup. Other brand names are used in specific countries, such as the singular Cup Noodle in Japan. The product has inspired numerous competing products, such as Maruchan's Instant Lunch.

Discover Card

Discover is a credit card brand issued primarily in the United States. It was introduced by Sears in 1985. When launched, Discover did not charge an annual fee and offered a higher-than-normal credit limit, features that were disruptive to the existing credit card industry. A subsequent innovation was "Cashback Bonus" on purchases.Most cards with the Discover brand are issued by Discover Bank, formerly the Greenwood Trust Company. Discover transactions are processed through the Discover Network payment network. In 2005, Discover Financial Services acquired Pulse, an electronic funds transfer network, allowing it to market and issue debit and ATM cards. In February 2006, Discover Financial Services announced that it would begin offering Discover Debit cards to other financial institutions, made possible by the acquisition of Pulse.Discover is the fourth largest credit card brand in the U.S., behind Visa, MasterCard and American Express, with nearly 44 million cardholders.

Focus Lighting

Focus Lighting is a New York City based architectural lighting design firm founded by Paul Gregory in 1987.

Focus Lighting designs include the Entel Tower in Santiago, Chile, which was the first automated color changing exterior lighting display in the world and the first building to have an automatic color-change at night. The 40-story tower opened in October 1994. Focus Lighting also designed the Times Square Ball for its 100th and 101st anniversaries.Focus Lighting creates lighting designs for hotels, restaurants, residences, retail stores, art installations, sports venues, and museums. Their design philosophy centers on creating an emotion with light.

Fox New Year's Eve specials

The Fox television network has aired New Year's Eve specials with various formats and branding. From December 1991 to 1992, and from December 2004 to 2013, these specials were presented under the blanket title New Year's Eve Live, with various hosts and formats. These specials featured coverage of the Times Square ball drop in New York City. For a period in the mid-1990's and early 2000's, Fox broadcast specials originating from various locations on the Las Vegas Strip./ From December 2014 to December 2016, Fox broadcast Pitbull's New Year's Revolution, which featured concerts headlined by rapper Pitbull from Miami's Bayfront Park. In December 2017, Fox returned to a Times Square-based special, this time hosted by Steve Harvey, under the title Fox's New Year's Eve with Steve Harvey.

George Stonbely

George N. Stonbely (born December 7, 1945) is an American advertising entrepreneur and civic leader known for his work and advocacy in New York's Times Square.

Born in 1945 in Park Slope, Brooklyn, New York, George N. Stonbely graduated from New York University in 1967. While still in college, he first volunteered then worked as a legislative researcher for Robert F. Kennedy, who was the United States Senator from New York at the time. Stonbely worked briefly in sales promotion and advertising for the New York Times, then in 1975, he founded Spectacolor, Inc., an advertising company that pioneered the first full-color, computer-programmed, changeable message billboard. This groundbreaking innovation introduced the concept of selling time on billboards, rather than the customary practice of selling space, a change that would pave the way for outdoor advertising to become a multibillion-dollar industry.

The first Spectacolor sign was installed at One Times Square, the building from which the world-famous Times Square Ball is dropped every New Year's Eve. Eventually more than 60 Spectacolor signs (including static signs, video displays, and 3D spectacular signs) were installed in Times Square, along with more than 50 Spectacolor systems in 30 cities in Europe, South America, the Middle East, and across the United States. In 1984, Spectacolor was chosen by the Marriott Corporation to develop the premiere signage on its new Marriott Marquis Hotel, the first of the developments that led to the rebirth of Times Square that began in the 1980s. The flagship sign, the Eastman Kodak Company's "Kodarama" display, signaled the return of corporate America to Times Square for the first time since the end of World War II. Soon Kodak was joined by Hertz, AT&T, JVC, Chock Full o' Nuts, Maxwell House Coffee Company, Planters Peanuts, and Wrigley, to name a few of the iconic brands that helped reestablish a mainstream marketing presence in Times Square.

By 2000, Spectacolor was the world leader in spectacular advertising, operating in over 30 cities around the globe. That year, Stonbely partnered with Arizona entrepreneur Karl Eller and Clear Channel Communications to form Clear Channel Spectacolor, which he sold to Clear Channel in 2006.

A long-time Times Square advocate, Stonbely is a founding director of the Times Square Alliance and serves on the Mayor's Midtown Citizens Committee. He is also active in numerous international and local charitable organizations, including UNICEF, Partnership for a Drug Free America, and the Greater New York Boy Scouts. He serves on the Board of Directors of Inside Broadway and The Town Hall.

Upon his death in 1999, legendary outdoor advertising designer Douglas Leigh willed Stonbely his famous lighted snowflake, which has been suspended above the intersection of Fifth Avenue and 57th Street in Manhattan every holiday season since 1984. In 2001, Stonbely dedicated the snowflake to UNICEF, for which more than $50 million has been raised since the UNICEF Snowflake Ball gala was launched in 2004.

Halogen lamp

A halogen lamp, also known as a tungsten halogen, quartz-halogen or quartz iodine lamp, is an incandescent lamp consisting of a tungsten filament sealed into a compact transparent envelope that is filled with a mixture of an inert gas and a small amount of a halogen such as iodine or bromine. The combination of the halogen gas and the tungsten filament produces a halogen cycle chemical reaction which redeposits evaporated tungsten to the filament, increasing its life and maintaining the clarity of the envelope. For this to happen, a halogen lamp must be operated at a higher envelope temperature (250° C; 482° F) than a standard vacuum incandescent lamp of similar power and operating life; this also produces light with higher luminous efficacy and color temperature. The small size of halogen lamps permits their use in compact optical systems for projectors and illumination. The small glass envelope may be enclosed in a much larger outer glass bulb for a bigger package; the outer jacket will be at a much lower and safer temperature, and it also protects the hot bulb from harmful contamination and makes the bulb mechanically more similar to a conventional lamp that it might replace.Standard and halogen incandescent bulbs are much less efficient than LED and compact fluorescent lamps, and have been banned in many jurisdictions because of this.

Happy New Year, America

Happy New Year, America is an American television special that aired on the CBS television network to celebrate the New Year. It first aired on December 31, 1979 (leading into 1980), and last aired December 31, 1995 (leading into 1996).

The show was commissioned to replace Guy Lombardo's New Year specials. Though Lombardo had died in 1977, Guy's brother, Victor Lombardo, led the Royal Canadians band for two more New Year specials (1977 and 1978) after that. Happy New Year, America featured coverage of the Times Square Ball in New York City and the party in the ballroom of The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, both of which were also covered during the Lombardo years. However, the show also featured pre-taped segments from Billy Bob's Texas and Walt Disney World. (Billy Bob's was a location made popular as a result of CBS's hit TV series Dallas.)

The show had a different host year after year, unlike its competitor New Year's Rockin' Eve (which was annually hosted by Dick Clark). Andy Williams was the most frequent guest host of the show. Other hosts include Paul Anka, who did the first one, Donny Osmond, Natalie Cole, Gladys Knight (1986–87; 1988–89) and Al Jarreau (who substituted for Knight when she was sick in the 1985–86 show), along with Kermit The Frog. Other people who have covered the countdown from Times Square include Catherine Bach (1979–80, 1980–81), Donna Mills, Michelle Lee, Jim Varney (in character as Ernest P. Worrell, 1988–89), Terry Bradshaw (1990–91), Brent Musburger (1986–87)' Christie Brinkley (1987–88), Natalie Cole and Lily Tomlin (in character as "Ernestine the Telephone Lady" 1984–85), having made appearances over the course of the show's run.

The show did not air in 1991–1992.

In 1992–93, CBS aired the Hard Rock Cafe New Year's Special, with Jay Thomas hosting from the Cafe and Nia Peeples reporting from Times Square. Stars were Keith Richards, Robert Cray, Genesis, Pearl Jam, The B-52s, Bo Diddley, The Kids in the Hall, Judy Tenuta and U2.

In 1993–94, the Late Show with David Letterman New Year's Eve episode aired, with Tom and Roseanne Arnold and Bon Jovi as guests, and a live countdown from Times Square The event was one of two New Year specials CBS regularly aired at the time; the other was the Cotton Bowl Parade, which CBS aired until 1992. CBS also previously carried coverage of the Tournament of Roses Parade (with Bob Barker as host), but this too has also been discontinued.

Paul Shaffer hosted the return of HNYA in 1994–95.The last one was in 1995–96 and featured Montel Williams as host. In 1996, Disney pulled out of producing the program (and several other CBS holiday specials) when it bought ABC, and CBS decided to discontinue its New Year's coverage. Since then, reruns of the Late Show have aired in the show's time slot, although a first-run episode, with live coverage of Times Square's countdown to midnight, aired on December 31, 1998. CBS aired a one-off America's Millennium special on December 31, 1999, which was hosted by Will Smith and featured performances by Trisha Yearwood and the premiere of a short film by Steven Spielberg, The Unfinished Dream.

Imagine (John Lennon song)

"Imagine" is a song co-written and performed by English musician John Lennon. The best-selling single of his solo career, its lyrics encourage the listener to imagine a world at peace without the barriers of borders or the divisions of religion and nationality and to consider the possibility that the whole of humanity would live unattached to material possessions. Shortly before his death, Lennon said that much of the song's "lyric and content" came from his wife Yoko Ono, and in 2017, she received a co-writing credit.Lennon and Ono co-produced the song and album of the same name with Phil Spector. Recording began at Lennon's home studio at Tittenhurst Park, England, in May 1971, with final overdubs taking place at the Record Plant, in New York City, during July. One month after the September release of the LP, Lennon released "Imagine" as a single in the United States; the song peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and the LP reached number one on the UK chart in November, later becoming the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed album of Lennon's solo career. Although not originally released as a single in the United Kingdom, it was released in 1975 to promote a compilation LP and it reached number six on the chart that year. The song has since sold more than 1.6 million copies in the UK; it reached number one following Lennon's murder in December 1980. In 1985, the Central Park Conservancy memorialised a portion of the park in honour of Lennon, called Strawberry Fields, with a mosaic that reads "Imagine".BMI named "Imagine" one of the 100 most-performed songs of the 20th century. The song ranked number 30 on the Recording Industry Association of America's list of the 365 Songs of the Century bearing the most historical significance. It earned a Grammy Hall of Fame Award and an induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll. A UK survey conducted by the Guinness World Records British Hit Singles Book named it the second best single of all time, while Rolling Stone ranked it number three in their list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Since 2005, event organisers have played it just before the New Year's Times Square Ball drops in New York City. Dozens of artists have performed or recorded versions of "Imagine", including Madonna, Stevie Wonder, Joan Baez, Lady Gaga, Elton John and Diana Ross. Emeli Sandé recorded a cover for the BBC to use during the end credits montage at the close of the 2012 Summer Olympics coverage in August 2012. "Imagine" subsequently re-entered the UK Top 40, reaching number 18.

List of objects dropped on New Year's Eve

On New Year's Eve, many localities in America mark the beginning of a year through the raising or lowering of an object. Many of these events are patterned off festivities that have been held at New York City's Times Square since 1908, where a large crystal ball is lowered down a pole atop One Times Square (beginning its descent at 11:59:00 p.m. local time, and concluding at midnight). In turn, the event was inspired by the time balls used by ship navigators in the 19th century to calibrate their chronometers.

Whilst some of these events use a ball in imitation of Times Square, many "drops" utilize objects that represent an aspect of local culture, geography, or history. Ball drops are by far the most common in, but not exclusive to, the United States.

M2K Mini Tour

The M2K Tour was a mini tour by American heavy metal band Metallica. The tour ran from late December 1999 to early January 2000. During the tour, "Trapped Under Ice" was requested to be played when they were in Chicago by a fan. The song was only played two other times: on November 17, 1984 in Belgium, and on November 18, 1984 in Paris. Metallica also played the New Year's Eve show in Pontiac, Michigan at the Silverdome in front of 50,000 people. At the show, Metallica broadcast the Times Square Ball Drop, ushering in the year 2000, and played the classic Kiss track "Detroit Rock City" alongside Ted Nugent, Kid Rock, and Sevendust. The setlists for these tour dates, like their Sick of the Studio '07 tour, consisted of old songs and songs that they have not played in many years.

New Year's Eve (2011 film)

New Year's Eve is a 2011 American romantic comedy film directed by Garry Marshall. The film consists of an ensemble cast including Halle Berry, Jessica Biel, Jon Bon Jovi, Abigail Breslin, Ludacris, Robert De Niro, Josh Duhamel, Zac Efron, Héctor Elizondo, Katherine Heigl, Ashton Kutcher, Seth Meyers, Lea Michele, Sarah Jessica Parker, Michelle Pfeiffer, Jake T. Austin, Til Schweiger, Hilary Swank, Sofía Vergara, Carla Gugino and Alyssa Milano.

New Year's Eve is the second in an unofficial trilogy of romantic comedy films directed by Garry Marshall, set on a one-day holiday and featuring an ensemble cast in a variety of stories, the other films being Valentine's Day (2010) and Mother's Day (2016). Some of the cast of New Year's Eve had previously appeared in Valentine's Day, including Biel, Kutcher and Elizondo. New Year's Eve was released on December 9, 2011, and grossed $142 million.

One Angry Veronica

"One Angry Veronica" is the tenth episode of the second season of the American mystery television series Veronica Mars, and the thirty-second episode overall. Written by Russell Smith and directed by John T. Kretchmer, the episode premiered on UPN on December 7, 2005.

The series depicts the adventures of Veronica Mars (Kristen Bell) as she deals with life as a high school student while moonlighting as a private detective. In this episode, Veronica serves on a jury in the trial of two '09er boys in the assault of a woman. Meanwhile, Keith (Enrico Colantoni) investigates when the Aaron Echolls-Lilly Kane sex tapes are stolen.

Paul Marantz

Paul Marantz is an American architectural lighting designer, whose work includes the discothèque Studio 54, the Times Square Ball, the Tribute in Light, the Barnes Foundation,

and the Burj Khalifa. He is a founder of the lighting design firm Fisher Marantz Stone.

Rachel Platten

Rachel Ashley Platten (born May 20, 1981) is an American singer and songwriter. After releasing two albums independently in 2003 and 2011, she signed with Columbia Records in 2015 and released her debut single, "Fight Song", about depression which peaked at number 6 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States, topped charts in the United Kingdom and peaked within the top ten of multiple charts worldwide. Platten won a Daytime Emmy Award for a live performance of the song on Good Morning America. Her major-label debut studio album, Wildfire (2016), was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and featured the follow-up singles "Stand by You" and "Better Place". Her second major-label album, Waves (2017), peaked at number 73 in the United States.

Times Square

Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue. It stretches from West 42nd to West 47th Streets. Brightly adorned with billboards and advertisements, Times Square is sometimes referred to as "The Crossroads of the World", "The Center of the Universe", "the heart of The Great White Way", and the "heart of the world". One of the world's busiest pedestrian areas, it is also the hub of the Broadway Theater District and a major center of the world's entertainment industry. Times Square is one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, drawing an estimated 50 million visitors annually. Approximately 330,000 people pass through Times Square daily, many of them tourists, while over 460,000 pedestrians walk through Times Square on its busiest days.Formerly known as Longacre Square, Times Square was renamed in 1904 after The New York Times moved its headquarters to the then newly erected Times Building – now One Times Square – the site of the annual New Year's Eve ball drop which began on December 31, 1907, and continues today, attracting over a million visitors to Times Square every year.Times Square functions as a town square, but is not geometrically a square; it is closer in shape to a bowtie, with two triangles emanating roughly north and south from 45th Street, where Seventh Avenue intersects Broadway. Broadway runs diagonally, crossing through the horizontal and vertical street grid of Manhattan laid down by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, and that intersection creates the "bowtie" shape of Times Square.The southern triangle of Times Square has no specific name, but the northern triangle is called Father Duffy Square. It was dedicated in 1937 to Chaplain Francis P. Duffy of New York City's U.S. 69th Infantry Regiment and is the site of a memorial to him, along with a statue of George M. Cohan, as well as the TKTS reduced-price ticket booth run by the Theatre Development Fund. Since 2008, the booth has been backed by a red, sloped, triangular set of bleacher-like stairs, which is used by people to sit, talk, eat, and take photographs.

Waterford Crystal

Waterford Crystal is a manufacturer of crystal, named after the city of Waterford, Ireland. The brand is owned by WWRD Group Holdings Ltd., a luxury goods group which also owns and operates the Wedgwood and Royal Doulton brands, and which was acquired on 2 July 2015 by the Fiskars Corporation.In January 2009, the main Waterford Crystal base was closed due to the insolvency of Waterford Wedgwood PLC. In June 2010, Waterford Crystal relocated almost back to its original roots, on The Mall in Waterford city centre. This new location is now home to a manufacturing facility that melts over 750 tons of crystal a year, although most Waterford Crystal is now produced outside Ireland. This new facility offers visitors the opportunity to take guided tours of the factory and also offers a retail store, showcasing the world's largest collection of Waterford Crystal.

Events
Sports
Parades
Television
Music
Related

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.