Timeline of Chicago history

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Chicago, Illinois, United States.

Prior to 19th century

19th century


  • 1803: The oman Army orders the construction of Ft. Dearborn by Major John Whistler. It is built near the mouth of the Chicago River.
  • 1812.
  • 1816: The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri. Ft. Dearborn is rebuilt.
  • 1818: December 3, Illinois joins the Union and becomes a state.
  • 1830
    • August 4, Chicago is surveyed and platted for the first time by James Thompson.
  • 1833 Chicago incorporated as a town.
  • 1837
    • Chicago incorporated as a city.
    • C.D. Peacock jewelers was founded. It is the oldest Chicago business still operating today.
    • Chicago receives its first charter.[1]
    • Rush Medical College is founded two days before the city was chartered. It is the first medical school in the state of Illinois which is still operating.
  • 1840
    • July 10, Chicago's first legally executed criminal, John Stone was hanged for the rape and murder of Lucretia Thompson, a farmer's wife.
    • Population: 4,470.[2]
  • 1847: June 10, The first issue of the Chicago Tribune is published.
  • 1848


20th century



21st century

See also


  1. ^ Federal Writers’ Project (1939). "Chicago". Illinois: A Descriptive and Historical Guide. American Guide Series. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co.
  2. ^ a b c d e Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, US Census Bureau, 1998
  3. ^ "Conventions Organized by Year". Colored Conventions. University of Delaware. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
  4. ^ "Chicago at a Glance (chronology)". Chicago Daily News Almanac and Year Book for 1916. 1915.
  5. ^ Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Chicago", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co.
  6. ^ a b c d Aaron Brenner; Benjamin Day; Immanuel Ness, eds. (2015) [2009]. "Timeline". Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-45707-7.
  7. ^ a b "US Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  8. ^ "Timeline". The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords. USA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  9. ^ Susan M. Schweik (2010). The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-8361-0.
  10. ^ "United States and Canada, 1800–1900 A.D.: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  11. ^ "A history of cities in 50 buildings", The Guardian, UK, 2015
  12. ^ a b c d Paul S. Boyer, ed. (2001). "Chicago". Oxford Companion to United States History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-508209-8.
  13. ^ Thomas Dublin, Kathryn Kish Sklar (ed.), "Chronology", Women and Social Movements in the United States, Alexander Street Press |access-date= requires |url= (help) (subscription required)
  14. ^ Melinda Corey and George Ochoa, ed. (1999). Fitzroy Dearborn Chronology of Ideas. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 978-1-135-94710-1.
  15. ^ a b Catherine Cocks; et al. (2009). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Progressive Era. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6293-7.
  16. ^ Official report of the fifth Universal Peace Congress held at Chicago, United States of America, August 14 to 20, 1893, 1893
  17. ^ Bibliography of Foreign Language Newspapers and Periodicals Published in Chicago, Chicago: Works Progress Administration, 1942, OCLC 2704154
  18. ^ Emily Greene Balch (1910). Our Slavic Fellow Citizens. New York: Charities Publication Committee.
  19. ^ a b c d "On This Day", New York Times, retrieved November 30, 2014
  20. ^ Julie A. Willett (2000). Permanent Waves: The Making of the American Beauty Shop. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-9358-9.
  21. ^ Patrick Robertson (2011). Robertson's Book of Firsts. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-60819-738-5.
  22. ^ a b "Timeline of Judicial History". History of the Illinois Courts. Waukegan, IL: Nineteenth Judicial Circuit Court, Lake County, Illinois. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  23. ^ a b c "Chicago", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424
  24. ^ "Timeline". Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century. USA: National Academy of Engineering. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  25. ^ 1901 Annual Appropriation Ordinance, City of Chicago – via Chicago Public Library, Ask a Librarian service, 2015
  26. ^ James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2006). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of Socialism (2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6477-1.
  27. ^ "Timeline". The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords. USA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  28. ^ Lerone Bennett, Jr. (February 1974), "Money, Merchants, Markets: the Quest for Economic Security", Ebony, Making of Black America: Part 11
  29. ^ Nina Mjagkij (1994). Light in the Darkness: African Americans and the YMCA, 1852-1946. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2801-3.
  30. ^ Henry Louis Gates, Jr.; Donald Yacovone (2013). African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross. Hay House. ISBN 978-1-4019-3514-6.
  31. ^ David J. Wishart (ed.). Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. University of Nebraska. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  32. ^ "Think Tank Directory". Philadelphia, USA: Foreign Policy Research Institute. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  33. ^ a b Gregg Lee Carter, ed. (2012). "Chronology". Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-38671-8.
  34. ^ "Illinois". Official Congressional Directory. 1929.
  35. ^ Robin D. G. Kelley and Earl Lewis, ed. (2005). "Chronology". To Make Our World Anew: a History of African Americans. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-983893-6.
  36. ^ Bernard Trawicky (2000). Anniversaries and Holidays (5th ed.). American Library Association. ISBN 978-0-8389-1004-7.
  37. ^ "Chicago Government Information". LibGuides. Northwestern University Library. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
  38. ^ "Celebrating the Life and Legacy of John H. Johnson", Ebony, 60, October 2005
  39. ^ a b "Chicago Timeline". Chicago Public Library. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  40. ^ "Illinois". Official Congressional Directory. 1963.
  41. ^ John Bassett McCleary (2004). "Anti-War Events". The Hippie Dictionary: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the 1960s and 1970s. Ten Speed Press. pp. 602+. ISBN 978-1-58008-547-2.
  42. ^ International Center for the Arts of the Americas. "Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art". Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  43. ^ Cordelia Candelaria, ed. (2004). Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-33210-4.
  44. ^ Mike Tigas and Sisi Wei (ed.). "Chicago, Illinois". Nonprofit Explorer. New York: ProPublica. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  45. ^ Ross Gregory (2003). "Chronology". Cold War America, 1946 To 1990. Facts on File. pp. 48–68. ISBN 978-1-4381-0798-1.
  46. ^ a b "Court rules for gun rights, strikes down Chicago handgun ban". CNN. June 28, 2010.
  47. ^ a b "Organizations". International Relations and Security Network. Switzerland: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  48. ^ "Chicago Mosaic". Archived from the original on October 1996 – via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine.
  49. ^ Patricia A. Langelier (1996). "Local Government Home Pages". Popular Government. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 6 (3): 38+. ISSN 0032-4515. Special Series: Local Government on the Internet
  50. ^ Alan Greenblatt (2006), "Downtown Renaissance", CQ Researcher, 16 (24)(subscription required)
  51. ^ "Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning picks new leader", Chicago Tribune, June 10, 2015
  52. ^ "Chicago (city), Illinois". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  53. ^ "30 Cities: An Introductory Snapshot". American Cities Project. Washington, DC: Pew Charitable Trusts. 2013.
  54. ^ Daredevil Nik Wallenda walks between Chicago skyscrapers, Reuters, November 2, 2014
  55. ^ Women lead unprecedented worldwide mass protests against Trump, Reuters, January 22, 2017
  56. ^ "Chicago won't allow high school students to graduate without a plan for the future", Washington Post, July 3, 2017
  57. ^ Federal Writers’ Project (1939). "Chronology". Illinois: A Descriptive and Historical Guide. American Guide Series. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co. – via Open Library.

Further reading

External links

Encyclopedia of Chicago

The Encyclopedia of Chicago is an historical reference work covering Chicago and the entire Chicago metropolitan area published by the University of Chicago Press. Released in October 2004, the work is the result of a ten-year collaboration between the Newberry Library and the Chicago Historical Society. It exists in both a hardcover print edition and an online format, known as the Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. The print edition is 1117 pages and includes 1400 entries, 2000 biographical sketches, 250 significant business enterprise descriptions, and hundreds of maps. Initially, the internet edition included 1766 entries, 1000 more images and sources.The concept was fueled by other regional encyclopedias that had met with commercial success in 1980s and 1990s. Eventually, the vision to create the book found initial financing from the National Endowment for the Humanities. The book was well received and became a bestseller during the 2004 Christmas season following its October 2004 release. The following May the Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago was released. Northwestern University joined the Newberry Library/Chicago Historical Society collaboration to publish the internet edition. The internet edition was the second of its kind for a U.S. city.

History of Chicago

The history of Chicago, Illinois, has played a central role in American economic, cultural and political history and since the 1850s the city has been one of the most dominant Midwest metropolises. The area's recorded history begins with the arrival of French explorers, missionaries and fur traders in the late 17th century and their interaction with the local Pottawatomie Native Americans. There were small settlements and a U.S. Army fort, but the soldiers and settlers were all driven off in 1812. The modern city was incorporated in 1837 by Northern businessmen and grew rapidly from real estate speculation and the realization that it had a commanding position in the emerging inland transportation network, based on lake traffic and railroads, controlling access from the Great Lakes into the Mississippi River basin.

Despite a fire in 1871 that destroyed the Central Business District, the city grew exponentially, becoming the nation's rail center and the dominant Midwestern center for manufacturing, commerce, finance, higher education, religion, broadcasting, sports, jazz, and high culture. The city was a magnet for European immigrants—at first Germans, Irish and Scandinavians, then from the 1890s to 1914, Jews, Czechs, Poles and Italians. They were all absorbed in the city's powerful ward-based political machines. Many joined militant labor unions, and Chicago became notorious for its violent strikes, and high wages.

Large numbers of African Americans migrated from the South starting in the World War I era as part of the Great Migration. Mexicans started arriving after 1910, and Puerto Ricans after 1945. The Cook County suburbs grew rapidly after 1945, but the Democratic party machine kept both the city and suburbs under control, especially under mayor Richard J. Daley, who was chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party. Deindustrialization after 1970 closed the stockyards and most of the steel mills and factories, but the city retained its role as a financial and transportation hub. Increasingly it emphasized its service roles in medicine, higher education, and tourism. The city formed the political base for national leaders of the Democratic Party, especially Stephen A. Douglas in the 1850s, Adlai Stevenson in the 1950s, and Barack Obama in recent years.

List of timelines

This is a list of timelines currently on Wikipedia.

Mayor of Chicago

The Mayor of Chicago is the chief executive of Chicago, Illinois, the third-largest city in the United States. The mayor is responsible for the administration and management of various city departments, submits proposals and recommendations to the Chicago City Council, is active in the enforcement of the city's ordinances, submits the city's annual budget and appoints city officers, department commissioners or directors, and members of city boards and commissions.

During sessions of the city council, the mayor serves as the presiding officer. The mayor submits proposals and recommendations to the city council of their own accord and on behalf of city departments. The mayor is not allowed to vote on issues except in certain instances, most notably where the vote taken on a matter before the body results in a tie.

The office of mayor was created when Chicago became a city in 1837.

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Years in Illinois (1818–present)

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