Time and fate deities

Time and fate deities are personifications of time, often in the sense of human lifetime and human fate, in polytheistic religions. In monotheism, Time can still be personified, like Father Time.

Europe

Indo-European

Baltic

  • Dalia
  • Deivės Valdytojos, Lithuanian group of seven goddesses who weave garments from human lives
  • Dekla, Latvian goddess of fate
  • Gegute, Lithuanian goddess of time
  • Kruonis, Lithuanian goddess of time
  • Laima, Lithuanian goddess of fate
  • Veliuona, Lithuanian goddess of death, the afterlife, and eternity
  • Verpėja, Lithuanian goddess who weaves the thread of one's life

Germanic

Greek

Roman

Romanian

Slavic

Other European

Etruscan

Asia

Bali

Buddhism

Hinduism

Mari

  • Purysho, god of fate who creates the future of all men

Daoism

  • Jīn Bàn, god of fate of the years 1924, 1984, 2044, 2104...
  • Chén Cái, god of fate of the years 1925, 1985, 2045, 2105...
  • Gěng Zhāng, god of fate of the years 1926, 1986, 2046, 2106...
  • Shěn Xīng, god of fate of the years 1927, 1987, 2047, 2107...
  • Zhào Dá, god of fate of the years 1928, 1988, 2048, 2108...
  • Guō Càn, god of fate of the years 1929, 1989, 2049, 2109...
  • Wáng Qīng, god of fate of the years 1930, 1990, 2050, 2110...
  • Lǐ Sù, god of fate of the years 1931, 1991, 2051, 2111...
  • Liú Wàng, god of fate of the years 1932, 1992, 2052, 2112...
  • Kāng Zhì, god of fate of the years 1933, 1993, 2053, 2113...
  • Shī Guǎng, god of fate of the years 1934, 1994, 2054, 2114...
  • Rèn Bǎo, god of fate of the years 1935, 1995, 2055, 2115...
  • Guō Jiā, god of fate of the years 1936, 1996, 2056, 2116...
  • Wāng Wén, god of fate of the years 1937, 1997, 2057, 2117...
  • Zēng Guāng, god of fate of the years 1938, 1998, 2058, 2118...
  • Lóng Zhòng, god of fate of the years 1939, 1999, 2059, 2119...
  • Dǒng Dé, god of fate of the years 1940, 2000, 2060, 2110...
  • Zhèng Dàn, god of fate of the years 1941, 2001, 2061, 2111...
  • Lù Míng, god of fate of the years 1942, 2002, 2062, 2112...
  • Wèi Rén, god of fate of the years 1943, 2003, 2063, 2113...
  • Fāng Jié, god of fate of the years 1944, 2004, 2064, 2114...
  • Jiǎng Chóng, god of fate of the years 1945, 2005, 2065, 2115...
  • Bái Mǐn, god of fate of the years 1946, 2006, 2066, 2116...
  • Fēng Jì, god of fate of the years 1947, 2007, 2067, 2117...
  • Zōu Tāng, god of fate of the years 1948, 2008, 2068, 2118...
  • Pān Zuǒ, god of fate of the years 1949, 2009, 2069, 2119...
  • Wū Huán, god of fate of the years 1950, 2010, 2070, 2120...
  • Fàn Níng, god of fate of the years 1951, 2011, 2071, 2121...
  • Péng Tài, god of fate of the years 1952, 2012, 2072, 2122...
  • Xú Huá, god of fate of the years 1953, 2013, 2073, 2123...
  • Zhāng Cí, god of fate of the years 1954, 2014, 2074, 2124...
  • Yáng Xiān, god of fate of the years 1955, 2015, 2075, 2125...
  • Guǎn Zhòng, god of fate of the years 1956, 2016, 2076, 2126...
  • Táng Jié, god of fate of the years 1957, 2017, 2077, 2127...
  • Jiāng Wǔ, god of fate of the years 1958, 2018, 2078, 2128...
  • Xiè Dào, god of fate of the years 1959, 2019, 2079, 2129...
  • Yú Qǐ, god of fate of the years 1960, 2020, 2080, 2130...
  • Yáng Xìn, god of fate of the years 1961, 2021, 2081, 2131...
  • Xián È, god of fate of the years 1962, 2022, 2082, 2132...
  • Pí Shí, god of fate of the years 1963, 2023, 2083, 2133...
  • Lǐ Chéng, god of fate of the years 1964, 2024, 2084, 2134...
  • Wú Suì, god of fate of the years 1965, 2025, 2085, 2135...
  • Wén Zhé, god of fate of the years 1966, 2026, 2086, 2136...
  • Móu Bǐng, god of fate of the years 1967, 2027, 2087, 2137...
  • Xú Hào, god of fate of the years 1968, 2028, 2088, 2138...
  • Chéng Bǎo, god of fate of the years 1969, 2029, 2089, 2139...
  • Ní Mì, god of fate of the years 1970, 2030, 2090, 2140...
  • Yè Jiān, god of fate of the years 1971, 2031, 2091, 2141...
  • Qiū Dé, god of fate of the years 1972, 2032, 2092, 2142...
  • Zhū Dé, god of fate of the years 1973, 2033, 2093, 2143...
  • Zhāng Zhāo, god of fate of the years 1974, 2034, 2094, 2144...
  • Wàn Qīng, god of fate of the years 1975, 2035, 2095, 2145...
  • Xīn Yà, god of fate of the years 1976, 2036, 2096, 2146...
  • Yáng Yàn, god of fate of the years 1977, 2037, 2097, 2147...
  • Lí Qīng, god of fate of the years 1978, 2038, 2098, 2148...
  • Fù Dǎng, god of fate of the years 1979, 2039, 2099, 2149...
  • Máo Zǐ, god of fate of the years 1980, 2040, 2100, 2150...
  • Shí Zhèng, god of fate of the years 1981, 2041, 2101, 2151...
  • Hóng Chōng, god of fate of the years 1982, 2042, 2102, 2152...
  • Yú Chéng, god of fate of the years 1984, 2044, 2104, 2154...

Middle East

The Philippines

Zoroastrianism

Africa

Ancient Egyptian religion

Igbo

Yoruba

Americas

Lakota

  • Etu, personification of time[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Lakota Gods
Anunnaki

The Anunnaki (also transcribed as Anunaki, Anunna, Ananaki, and other variations) are a group of deities that appear in the mythological traditions of the ancient Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, and Babylonians. Descriptions of how many Anunnaki there were and what role they fulfilled are inconsistent and often contradictory. In the earliest Sumerian writings about them, which come from the Post-Akkadian period, the Anunnaki are the most powerful deities in the pantheon, descendants of An and Ki, the god of the heavens and the goddess of earth, and their primary function is to decree the fates of humanity.

In Inanna's Descent into the Netherworld, the Anunnaki are portrayed as seven judges who sit before the throne of Ereshkigal in the Underworld. Later Akkadian texts, such as the Epic of Gilgamesh, follow this portrayal. During the Old Babylonian period, the Anunnaki were believed to be the chthonic deities of the Underworld, while the gods of the heavens were known as the Igigi. The ancient Hittites identified the Anunnaki as the oldest generation of gods, who had been overthrown and banished to the Underworld by the younger gods. The Anunnaki have featured prominently in works of modern pseudohistory, such as the books of Zecharia Sitchin, and in conspiracy theories, such as those of David Icke.

Astrarium

An astrarium, also called a planetarium, is the mechanical representation of the cyclic nature of astronomical objects in one timepiece. It is an astronomical clock.

BPL (time service)

BPL is the call sign of the official long-wave time signal service of the People's Republic of China, operated by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, broadcasting on 100 kHz from CAS's National Time Service Center in Pucheng County, Shaanxi at 34°56′54″N 109°32′34″E, roughly 70 km northeast of Lintong, along with NTSC's short-wave time signal BPM on 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, and 15.0 MHz.

BPL broadcasts LORAN-C compatible format signal from 5:30 to 13:30 UTC, using an 800 kW transmitter covering a radius up to 3000 km.

Chronometry

Chronometry (from Greek χρόνος chronos, "time" and μέτρον metron, "measure") is the science of the measurement of time, or timekeeping. Chronometry applies to electronic devices, while horology refers to mechanical devices.

It should not to be confused with chronology, the science of locating events in time, which often relies upon it.

Clock position

A clock position is the relative direction of an object described using the analogy of a 12-hour clock to describe angles and directions. One imagines a clock face lying either upright or flat in front of oneself, and identifies the twelve hour markings with the directions in which they point.

Using this analogy, 12 o'clock means ahead or above, 3 o'clock means to the right, 6 o'clock means behind or below, and 9 o'clock means to the left. The other eight hours refer to directions that are not directly in line with the four cardinal directions.

In aviation, a clock position refers to a horizontal direction; it may be supplemented with the word high or low to describe the vertical direction which is pointed towards your feet. 6 o'clock high means behind and above the horizon, while 12 o'clock low means ahead and below the horizon.

Common year

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar, (like the earlier Julian calendar), employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

The common year of 365 days has 52 weeks and one day, hence a common year always begins and ends on the same day of the week (for example, January 1 and December 31 fell on a Sunday in 2017) and the year following a common year will start on the subsequent day of the week. In common years, February has four weeks, so March will begin on the same day of the week. November will also begin on this day.

In the Gregorian calendar, 303 of every 400 years are common years. By comparison, in the Julian calendar, 300 out of every 400 years are common years, and in the Revised Julian calendar (used by Greece) 682 out of every 900 years are common years.

Deities and fairies of fate in Slavic mythology

There is a number of deities and fairies of fate in Slavic mythology, which control person's destiny or foretell it, often at childbirth. A comprehensive summary may be found in Jan Máchal's contribution to Vol. 3 of The Mythology of All Races (1918).

Ancient Russian deities (written tradition): Rozhanicy (pl.)

Croatians and Slovenians: Rodjenice(pl.), Rojenice(pl.). They were also called Sudice(pl.), Sudjenice(pl.), Sujenice(pl.) (Croatian), Sojenice(pl.), Sujenice(pl.), Rojenice(pl.) (Slovenian), Sudzenici(pl.) (Bulgarian) or Sudičky(pl.) (Bohemian, i.e., Czech and Slovak)

Serbian: 'Sudice(pl.), Suđaje(pl.)

Bulgarian: Nerechnitse(pl.), Narucnici(pl.) (narok= destiny, "neracha"= foretells), or Orisnici(pl.), Urisnici(pl.), Uresici(pl.), from the Greek όρίζοντες, ("orizontes": "establishing", "determining")

Russian personifications of the Fate: good fate: Dola (mythology), evil fate: Nedolya, Likho

Serbian: Sreca, counterpart of Dolya, however it may be both good and evil

Polish: Rodzanice(pl.), Narecznice(pl.), Sudiczki(pl.)

Endurantism

Endurantism or endurance theory is a philosophical theory of persistence and identity. According to the endurantist view, material objects are persisting three-dimensional individuals wholly present at every moment of their existence, which goes with an A-theory of time. This conception of an individual as always present is opposed to perdurantism or four dimensionalism, which maintains that an object is a series of temporal parts or stages, requiring a B-theory of time. The use of "endure" and "perdure" to distinguish two ways in which an object can be thought to persist can be traced to David Lewis.

Fate (disambiguation)

Fate most commonly refers to destiny, a predetermined course of events.

Fate may also refer to:

Moirai or Fates, in Greek mythology

Time and fate deities, personifications of time and human fate in polytheistic religions

HD2IOA

HD2IOA is the callsign of a time signal radio station operated by the Navy of Ecuador. The station is located at Guayaquil, Ecuador and transmits in the HF band on 3.81 and 7.6 MHz.The transmission is in AM mode with only the lower sideband (part of the time H3E and the rest H2B/H2D) and consists of 780 Hz tone pulses repeated every ten seconds and voice announcements in Spanish.

While sometimes this station is described as defunct, reception reports of this station on 3.81 MHz appear regularly at the Utility DX Forum.

Hexadecimal time

Hexadecimal time is the representation of the time of day as a hexadecimal number in the interval [0,1).

The day is divided into 1016 (1610) hexadecimal hours, each hour into 10016 (25610) hexadecimal minutes, and each minute into 1016 (1610) hexadecimal seconds.

Intercalation (timekeeping)

Intercalation or embolism in timekeeping is the insertion of a leap day, week, or month into some calendar years to make the calendar follow the seasons or moon phases. Lunisolar calendars may require intercalations of both days and months.

Minute

The minute is a unit of time or angle. As a unit of time, the minute is most of times equal to ​1⁄60 (the first sexagesimal fraction) of an hour, or 60 seconds. In the UTC time standard, a minute on rare occasions has 61 seconds, a consequence of leap seconds (there is a provision to insert a negative leap second, which would result in a 59-second minute, but this has never happened in more than 40 years under this system). As a unit of angle, the minute of arc is equal to ​1⁄60 of a degree, or 60 seconds (of arc). Although not an SI unit for either time or angle, the minute is accepted for use with SI units for both. The SI symbols for minute or minutes are min for time measurement, and the prime symbol after a number, e.g. 5′, for angle measurement. The prime is also sometimes used informally to denote minutes of time.

New Earth Time

New Earth Time (or NET) is an alternative naming system for measuring the time of day. In NET the day is split into 360 NET degrees, each NET degree is split into 60 NET minutes and each NET minute is split into 60 NET seconds. One NET degree is therefore equivalent to four standard minutes, and one standard hour is equivalent to 15 NET degrees.

NET is equivalent to the UTC read from a 24-hour analog clock as the clockwise angle past midnight of the hour hand. For example, noon is 180°0'0" NET and at that time the hour hand is pointing straight down forming a 180° angle when measured from the top, at midnight. A full circle is 360 degrees and one NET day.

Specious present

The specious present is the time duration wherein one's perceptions are considered to be in the present. Time perception studies the sense of time, which differs from other senses since time cannot be directly perceived but must be reconstructed by the brain.

Tomorrow (time)

Tomorrow is a temporal construct of the relative future; literally of the day after the current day (today), or figuratively of future periods or times. Tomorrow is usually considered just beyond the present and counter to yesterday. It is important in time perception because it is the first direction the arrow of time takes humans on Earth.

UTC offset

The UTC offset is the difference in hours and minutes from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) for a particular place and date. It is generally shown in the format ±[hh]:[mm], ±[hh][mm], or ±[hh]. So if the time being described is one hour ahead of UTC (such as the time in Berlin during the winter), the UTC offset would be "+01:00", "+0100", or simply "+01".

Every inhabited place in the world has a UTC offset that is a multiple of 15 minutes, and the majority of offsets (as well as all nautical time zones) are measured in whole hours.

UTC is the equivalent to GMT.

YVTO

YVTO is the callsign of the official time signal from the Juan Manuel Cagigal Naval Observatory in Caracas, Venezuela. The content of YVTO's signal, which is a continuous 1 kW amplitude modulated carrier wave at 5.000 MHz, is much simpler than that broadcast by some of the other time signal stations around the world, such as WWV.

The methods of time transmission from YVTO are very limited. The broadcast employs no form of digital time code. The time of day is given in Venezuelan Standard Time (VET), and is only sent using Spanish language voice announcements. YVTO also transmits 100 ms-long beeps of 1000 Hz every second, except for thirty seconds past the minute. The top of the minute is marked by a 0.5 second 800 Hz tone.The station previously broadcast on 6,100 MHz but appears to have changed to the current frequency by 1990.

Yesterday (time)

Yesterday is a temporal construct of the relative past; literally of the day before the current day (today), or figuratively of earlier periods or times, often but not always within living memory.

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