Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City. It was founded in 1923 and originally run by Henry Luce. A European edition (Time Europe, formerly known as Time Atlantic) is published in London and also covers the Middle East, Africa, and, since 2003, Latin America. An Asian edition (Time Asia) is based in Hong Kong. The South Pacific edition, which covers Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands, is based in Sydney. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition.[2]

Time has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine. The print edition has a readership of 26 million, 20 million of whom are based in the United States. In mid-2012, its circulation was over 3 million,[1][3] which fell to 2 million by late 2017.[4]

Formerly published by Time Inc., Time is now published by TIME USA, LLC, owned by Marc Benioff since November 2018.[5]

Time
Time Magazine logo
Editor-in-ChiefEdward Felsenthal
CategoriesNews magazine
FrequencyWeekly
Total circulation
(2018)
2,348,566[1]
First issueMarch 3, 1923
Company
Country
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bahrain
  • Belize
  • Colombia
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jordan
  • Kenya
  • Kuwait
  • Lebanon
  • Malta
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Netherlands
  • Nigeria
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Panama
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Rep Albania
  • Romania
  • KSA
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Tanzania
  • Tunisia
  • UAE
  • Uganda
Based inNew York City, New York, U.S.
LanguageEnglish
Websitetime.com
ISSN0040-781X
OCLC1311479

History

Time Magazine - first cover
The first issue of Time (March 3, 1923), featuring Speaker Joseph G. Cannon.

Time magazine was created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, making it the first weekly news magazine in the United States.[6] The two had previously worked together as chairman and managing editor, respectively, of the Yale Daily News. They first called the proposed magazine Facts. They wanted to emphasize brevity, so that a busy man could read it in an hour. They changed the name to Time and used the slogan "Take Time–It's Brief".[7] Hadden was considered carefree and liked to tease Luce. He saw Time as important, but also fun, which accounted for its heavy coverage of celebrities (including politicians), the entertainment industry, and pop culture—criticized as too light for serious news.

It set out to tell the news through people, and for many decades, the magazine's cover depicted a single person. More recently, Time has incorporated "People of the Year" issues which grew in popularity over the years. Notable mentions of them were Barack Obama, Steve Jobs, etc. The first issue of Time was published on March 3, 1923, featuring Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives, on its cover; a facsimile reprint of Issue No. 1, including all of the articles and advertisements contained in the original, was included with copies of the February 28, 1938 issue as a commemoration of the magazine's 15th anniversary.[8] The cover price was 15¢ (equivalent to $2.21 in 2018). On Hadden's death in 1929, Luce became the dominant man at Time and a major figure in the history of 20th-century media. According to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1972–2004 by Robert Elson, "Roy Edward Larsen [...] was to play a role second only to Luce's in the development of Time Inc". In his book, The March of Time, 1935–1951, Raymond Fielding also noted that Larsen was "originally circulation manager and then general manager of Time, later publisher of Life, for many years president of Time Inc., and in the long history of the corporation the most influential and important figure after Luce".

Around the time they were raising $100,000 from wealthy Yale alumni such as Henry P. Davison, partner of J.P. Morgan & Co., publicity man Martin Egan and J.P. Morgan & Co. banker Dwight Morrow, Henry Luce, and Briton Hadden hired Larsen in 1922 – although Larsen was a Harvard graduate and Luce and Hadden were Yale graduates. After Hadden died in 1929, Larsen purchased 550 shares of Time Inc., using money he obtained from selling RKO stock which he had inherited from his father, who was the head of the Benjamin Franklin Keith theatre chain in New England. However, after Briton Hadden's death, the largest Time, Inc. stockholder was Henry Luce, who ruled the media conglomerate in an autocratic fashion, "at his right hand was Larsen", Time's second-largest stockholder, according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941. In 1929, Roy Larsen was also named a Time Inc. director and vice president. J. P. Morgan retained a certain control through two directorates and a share of stocks, both over Time and Fortune. Other shareholders were Brown Brothers W. A. Harriman & Co., and the New York Trust Company (Standard Oil).

The Time Inc. stock owned by Luce at the time of his death was worth about $109 million, and it had been yielding him a yearly dividend of more than $2.4 million, according to Curtis Prendergast's The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Changing Enterprise 1957–1983. The Larsen family's Time stock was worth around $80 million during the 1960s, and Roy Larsen was both a Time Inc. director and the chairman of its executive committee, later serving as Time's vice chairman of the board until the middle of 1979. According to the September 10, 1979, issue of The New York Times, "Mr. Larsen was the only employee in the company's history given an exemption from its policy of mandatory retirement at age 65."

After Time magazine began publishing its weekly issues in March 1923, Roy Larsen was able to increase its circulation by using U.S. radio and movie theaters around the world. It often promoted both Time magazine and U.S. political and corporate interests. According to The March of Time, as early as 1924, Larsen had brought Time into the infant radio business with the broadcast of a 15-minute sustaining quiz show entitled Pop Question which survived until 1925". Then, in 1928, Larsen "undertook the weekly broadcast of a 10-minute programme series of brief news summaries, drawn from current issues of Time magazine [...] which was originally broadcast over 33 stations throughout the United States".

Larsen next arranged for a 30-minute radio program, The March of Time, to be broadcast over CBS, beginning on March 6, 1931. Each week, the program presented a dramatisation of the week's news for its listeners, thus Time magazine itself was brought "to the attention of millions previously unaware of its existence", according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941, leading to an increased circulation of the magazine during the 1930s. Between 1931 and 1937, Larsen's The March of Time radio program was broadcast over CBS radio and between 1937 and 1945 it was broadcast over NBC radio – except for the 1939 to 1941 period when it was not aired. People Magazine was based on Time's People page.

In 1989, when Time, Inc. and Warner Communications merged, Time became part of Time Warner, along with Warner Bros.

In 1988, Jason McManus succeeded Henry Grunwald as editor-in-chief[9] and oversaw the transition before Norman Pearlstine succeeded him in 1995.

In 2000, Time became part of AOL Time Warner, which reverted to the name Time Warner in 2003.

In 2007, Time moved from a Monday subscription/newsstand delivery to a schedule where the magazine goes on sale Fridays, and is delivered to subscribers on Saturday. The magazine actually began in 1923 with Friday publication.

During early 2007, the year's first issue was delayed for roughly a week due to "editorial changes", including the layoff of 49 employees.[10]

In 2009, Time announced that they were introducing a personalized print magazine, Mine, mixing content from a range of Time Warner publications based on the reader's preferences. The new magazine met with a poor reception, with criticism that its focus was too broad to be truly personal.[11]

The magazine has an online archive with the unformatted text for every article published. The articles are indexed and were converted from scanned images using optical character recognition technology. The minor errors in the text are remnants of the conversion into digital format.

Time Inc. and Apple have come to an agreement wherein U.S. subscribers to Time will be able to read the iPad versions for free, at least until the two companies sort out a viable digital subscription model.[12]

In January 2013, Time Inc. announced that it would cut nearly 500 jobs – roughly 6% of its 8,000 staff worldwide.[13] Although Time magazine has maintained high sales, its ad pages have declined significantly over time.[14]

Also in January 2013, Time Inc. named Martha Nelson as the first female editor-in-chief of its magazine division.[15] In September 2013, Nancy Gibbs was named as the first female managing editor of Time magazine.[15]

In November 2017, Meredith Corporation announced its acquisition of Time, Inc., backed by Koch Equity Development.[16] In March 2018, only six weeks after the closure of the sale, Meredith announced that it would explore the sale of Time and sister magazines Fortune, Money, Sports Illustrated, since they did not align with the company's lifestyle brands.[17]

In September 2018, Meredith announced that it would re-sell Time to Marc Benioff and his wife Lynne for $190 million, which was completed on October 31, 2018. Although Benioff is the chairman and co-CEO of Salesforce.com, Time will remain separate from the company, and Benioff will not be involved in its daily operations.[18] Time USA, LLC the parent company of the magazine is owned by Marc Benioff.

Circulation

During the second half of 2009, the magazine had a 34.9% decline in newsstand sales.[19] During the first half of 2010, another decline of at least one-third in Time magazine sales occurred. In the second half of 2010, Time magazine newsstand sales declined by about 12% to just over 79,000 copies per week.

As of 2012, it had a circulation of 3.3 million, making it the 11th-most circulated magazine in the United States, and the second-most circulated weekly behind People.[3] As of July 2017, its circulation was 3,028,013.[1] In October 2017, Time cut its circulation to two million.

Time has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine. The print edition has a readership of 26 million, 20 million of whom are based in the United States. In mid-2012, its circulation was over three million,[1][3] which had lowered to two million by late 2017.[20]

Style

Time initially possessed a distinctive writing style, making regular use of inverted sentences. This was parodied in 1936 by Wolcott Gibbs in The New Yorker: "Backward ran sentences until reeled the mind [...] Where it all will end, knows God!"[21]

Until the mid-1970s, Time had a weekly section called "Listings", which contained capsule summaries and/or reviews of then-current significant films, plays, musicals, television programs, and literary bestsellers similar to The New Yorker's "Current Events" section.[22]

Time is also known for its signature red border, first introduced in 1927.[23] The border has only been changed five times since 1927:

  • The issue released shortly after the September 11 attacks on the United States featured a black border to symbolize mourning. However, this was a special "extra" edition published quickly for the breaking news of the event; the next regularly scheduled issue contained the red border.
  • The April 28, 2008 Earth Day issue, dedicated to environmental issues, contained a green border.[24]
  • The September 19, 2011 issue, commemorating the 10th anniversary of September 11 attacks, had a metallic silver border.
  • Another silver border was used in the December 31, 2012 issue, noting Barack Obama's selection as Person of the Year.
  • The most recent change was the November 28/December 5, 2016 issue, also featuring a silver border covering the Most Influential Photos of All Time.

Former president Richard Nixon has been among the most frequently-featured on the front page of Time, having appeared 55 times from the August 25, 1952 issue to the May 2, 1994 issue.[25]

In 2007, Time engineered a style overhaul of the magazine. Among other changes, the magazine reduced the red cover border to promote featured stories, enlarged column titles, reduced the number of featured stories, increased white space around articles, and accompanied opinion pieces with photographs of the writers. The changes were met with both criticism and praise.[26][27][28]

Special editions

Person of the Year

Time's most famous feature throughout its history has been the annual "Person of the Year" (formerly "Man of the Year") cover story, in which Time recognizes the individual or group of individuals who have had the biggest impact on news headlines over the past 12 months. The distinction is supposed to go to the person who, "for good or ill", has most affected the course of the year; it is, therefore, not necessarily an honor or a reward. In the past, such figures as Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin have been Man of the Year.

In 2006, Person of the Year was designated as "You", a move that was met with split reviews. Some thought the concept was creative; others wanted an actual person of the year. Editors Pepper and Timmer reflected that, if it had been a mistake, "we're only going to make it once".[29]

In 2017, Time named The Silence Breakers, women and men who came forward with personal stories of sexual harassment, as Person of the Year.[30]

Time 100

In recent years, Time has assembled an annual list of the 100 most influential people of the year. Originally, they had made a list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. These issues usually have the front cover filled with pictures of people from the list and devote a substantial amount of space within the magazine to the 100 articles about each person on the list. In some cases, over 100 people have been included, as when two people have made the list together, sharing one spot.

The magazine also compiled "All-TIME 100 best novels" and "All-TIME 100 best movies" lists in 2005,[31][32][33] "The 100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME" in 2007,[34] and "All-TIME 100 Fashion Icons" in 2012.[35]

In February 2016, Time included the British and male author Evelyn Waugh on its "100 Most Read Female Writers in College Classes" list (he was 97th on the list) which created much media attention and concerns about the level of basic education among the magazine's staff.[36] Time later issued a retraction.[37] In a BBC interview with Justin Webb, Professor Valentine Cunningham of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, described the mistake as "a piece of profound ignorance on the part of Time magazine".[38]

Red X covers

Time Magazine red X covers
Time red X covers: from left to right, Adolf Hitler, Saddam Hussein, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and Osama bin Laden

During its history, on five nonconsecutive occasions, Time has released a special issue with a cover showing an X scrawled over the face of a man or a national symbol. The first Time magazine with a red X cover was released on May 7, 1945, showing a red X over Adolf Hitler's face. The second X cover was released more than three months later on August 20, 1945, with a black X (to date, the magazine's only such use of a black X) covering the flag of Japan, representing the recent surrender of Japan and which signaled the end of World War II.

Fifty-eight years later, on April 21, 2003, Time released another issue with a red X over Saddam Hussein's face, two weeks after the invasion. On June 13, 2006, Time magazine printed a red X cover issue following the death of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in a U.S. airstrike in Iraq. The most recent red X cover issue of Time was published on May 2, 2011, after the death of Osama bin Laden.[39]

Time for Kids

Time for Kids is a division magazine of Time that is especially published for children and is mainly distributed in classrooms. TFK contains some national news, a "Cartoon of the Week", and a variety of articles concerning popular culture. An annual issue concerning the environment is distributed near the end of the U.S. school term. The publication rarely exceeds ten pages front and back.

Time LightBox

Time LightBox is a photography blog created and curated by Time's photo department that was launched in 2011.[40] In 2011, Life picked LightBox for its Photo Blog Awards.[41]

Staff

Time Field Operations at Casper Events Center in Casper, Wyoming
Time Field Operations in Casper, Wyoming during the 2017 total solar eclipse

Richard Stengel was the managing editor from May 2006 to October 2013, when he joined the U.S. State Department.[42][43] Nancy Gibbs was the managing editor from September 2013 until September 2017.[43] She was succeeded by Edward Felsenthal, who had been Time's digital editor.[44]

Editors

Managing editors

Managing Editor Editor From Editor To
John S. Martin 1929 1937
Manfred Gottfried[45] 1937 1943
T. S. Matthews 1943 1949
Roy Alexander 1949 1960
Otto Fuerbringer 1960 1968
Henry Grunwald 1968 1977
Ray Cave 1979 1985
Jason McManus 1985 1987
Henry Muller 1987 1993
James R. Gaines 1993 1995
Walter Isaacson 1996 2001
Jim Kelly 2001 2005
Richard Stengel 2006 2013
Nancy Gibbs 2013 2017
Edward Felsenthal 2017 present

Notable contributors

Snapshot: 1940 editorial staff

In 1940, William Saroyan lists the full Time editorial department in the play, Love's Old Sweet Song.[47]

This 1940 snapshot includes:

  • Editor: Henry R. Luce
  • Managing Editors: Manfred Gottfried, Frank Norris, T.S. Matthews
  • Associate Editors: Carlton J. Balliett Jr., Robert Cantwell, Laird S. Goldsborough, David W. Hulburd Jr., John Stuart Martin, Fanny Saul, Walter Stockly, Dana Tasker, Charles Weretenbaker
  • Contributing Editors: Roy Alexander, John F. Allen, Robert W. Boyd Jr., Roger Butterfield, Whittaker Chambers, James G. Crowley, Robert Fitzgerald, Calvin Fixx, Walter Graebner, John Hersey, Sidney L. James, Eliot Janeway, Pearl Kroll, Louis Kronenberger, Thomas K. Krug, John T. McManus, Sherry Mangan, Peter Matthews, Robert Neville, Emeline Nollen, Duncan Norton-Taylor, Sidney Olson, John Osborne, Content Peckham, Green Peyton, Williston C. Rich Jr., Winthrop Sargeant, Robert Sherrod, Lois Stover, Leon Svirsky, Felice Swados, Samuel G. Welles Jr., Warren Wilhelm, and Alfred Wright Jr.
  • Editorial Assistants: Ellen May Ach, Sheila Baker, Sonia Bigman, Elizabeth Budelrnan, Maria de Blasio, Hannah Durand, Jean Ford, Dorothy Gorrell, Helen Gwynn, Edith Hind, Lois Holsworth, Diana Jackson, Mary V. Johnson, Alice Lent, Kathrine Lowe, Carolyn Marx, Helen McCreery, Gertrude McCullough, Mary Louise Mickey, Anna North, Mary Palmer, Tabitha Petran, Elizabeth Sacartoff, Frances Stevenson, Helen Vind, Eleanor Welch, and Mary Welles.

Competitors (US)

The following is a list of other major American news magazines:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Consumer Magazines". Alliance for Audited Media. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  2. ^ "Time Canada to close". Mastheadonline.com. December 10, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Byers, Dylan (August 7, 2012). "Time Magazine still on top in circulation". Politico. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  4. ^ Trachtenberg, Jeffrey A. (October 10, 2017). "For Time Inc.'s Magazines, Fewer Copies Is the Way Forward" – via www.wsj.com.
  5. ^ "Time Magazine Staffs Up Under New Ownership". www.thewrap.com. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  6. ^ "History of TIME". Time.
  7. ^ Brinkley, The Publisher, pp 88–89
  8. ^ "Instant History: Review of First Issue with Cover". Brycezabel.com. March 3, 1923. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "- The Washington Post". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  10. ^ "Time Inc. Layoffs: Surveying the Wreckage". Gawker. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
  11. ^ "Time's foray into personal publishing". April 27, 2009. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
  12. ^ Adams, Russell (May 2, 2011). "WSJ.com, Time Inc. in iPad Deal With Apple". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  13. ^ "Time Inc. Cutting Staff", Wall Street Journal, January 30, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  14. ^ "Time Inc to Shed 500 Jobs", Greenslade Blog, The Guardian, January 31, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  15. ^ a b Haughney, Christine (September 17, 2013). "Time Magazine Names Its First Female Managing Editor". The New York Times.
  16. ^ Ember, Sydney; Ross, Andrew (November 26, 2017). "Time Inc. Sells Itself to Meredith Corp., Backed by Koch Brothers". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  17. ^ Spangler, Todd (March 21, 2018). "Meredith Laying Off 1,200, Will Explore Sale of Time, SI, Fortune and Money Brands". Variety. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  18. ^ Shu, Catherine (September 17, 2018). "Marc and Lynne Benioff will buy Time magazine from Meredith for $190M". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 17, 2018. The sale was completed on October 31, 2018.
  19. ^ Clifford, Stephanie (February 8, 2010). "Magazines' Newsstand Sales Fall 9.1 Percent". The New York Times.
  20. ^ Trachtenberg, Jeffrey A. (October 10, 2017). "For Time Inc.'s Magazines, Fewer Copies Is the Way Forward" – via www.wsj.com.
  21. ^ The New Yorker – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  22. ^ "TIME Magazine archives". Time.
  23. ^ Lin, Tao (September 21, 2010). "Great American Novelist". TheStranger.com. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
  24. ^ MSNBC-TV report by Andrea Mitchell, April 17, 2008, 1:45 pm .
  25. ^ "Watch: The Rise and Fall of Richard Nixon in TIME Covers". Time. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  26. ^ Hagan, Joe (March 4, 2007). "The Time of Their Lives". NYMag.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  27. ^ Nussbaum, Bruce (March 25, 2007). "Does The Redesign of Time Magazine Mean It Has A New Business Model As Well?". Bloomberg Businessweek. BLOOMBERG L.P. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  28. ^ Will, George F. (December 21, 2006). "Full Esteem Ahead". The Washington Post.
  29. ^ "The Time of Their Lives". Retrieved April 22, 2007.
  30. ^ "Time's Person of the Year: 'Silence Breakers' speaking out against sexual harassment".
  31. ^ Corliss, Richard; Schickel, Richard (February 12, 2005). "All-TIME 100 Movies". Time.
  32. ^ "Best Soundtracks". Time. February 12, 2005.
  33. ^ Corliss, Richard (June 2, 2005). "That Old Feeling: Secrets of the All-Time 100". Time. Archived from the original on August 11, 2010.
  34. ^ Poniewozik, James (September 6, 2007). "The 100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME". Time.
  35. ^ "All-TIME 100 Fashion Icons". Time. April 2, 2012.
  36. ^ "Evelyn Waugh: 'Time' Names Male Writer In List Of '100 Most Read Female Authors'". February 25, 2016.
  37. ^ "Evelyn Waugh: 'Time' Names Male Writer in List of "100 Most Read Female Writers" " by Jennifer Deutschman
  38. ^ "Time magazine correction: Evelyn Waugh was not a woman". February 26, 2016 – via www.bbc.com.
  39. ^ Gustini, Ray (May 2, 2011). "A Brief History of Time Magazine's 'X' Covers". The Wire.
  40. ^ Laurent, Olivier (July 31, 2013). "Changing Time: How LightBox has renewed Time's commitment to photography". British Journal of Photography. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  41. ^ "Life.com's 2011 Photo Blog Awards", Life.com, as saved by the Wayback Machine on January 6, 2012. The citation reads:
    Elegant and commanding, intimate and worldly, Time magazine's beautifully designed LightBox blog is an essential destination for those who appreciate contemporary photography. Much more than photojournalism, Lightbox (which, like LIFE.com, is owned by Time Inc.) explores today's new documentary and fine art photography from the perspective of the photo editors at Time – arguably the strongest editors working in their field today. LightBox offers fascinating dispatches from every corner of the world...
  42. ^ Time Inc (July 30, 2012). "Richard Stengel". TIME Media Kit. Time Inc. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  43. ^ a b Maza, Erik (September 17, 2013). "Nancy Gibbs Named Time's Managing Editor". WWD. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  44. ^ "Time magazine names Edward Felsenthal as new editor-in-chief".
  45. ^ "Guide to the Time Inc. Records Overview 1853–2015". New-York Historical Society. July 23, 2018. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  46. ^ Blackman, Ann. "Ann Blackman – Off to Save the World: How JULIA TAFT Made a Difference". Promotional website. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
  47. ^ Saroyan, William (1940). Love's Old Sweet Song: A Play in Three Acts. Samuel French. pp. 71–73. Retrieved July 15, 2017.

Bibliography

External links

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List of covers of Time magazine (1920s)

This is a list of people appearing on the cover of Time magazine in the 1920s. Time was first published in 1923. As Time became established as one of the United States' leading newsmagazines, an appearance on the cover of Time became an indicator of a person's notability, fame or notoriety. Such features were accompanied by articles about the person.

For other decades, see

List of covers of Time magazine.

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During the 1970s and the early 1980s, Dowd worked for Time magazine and the Washington Star, where she covered news and sports and wrote feature articles. Dowd joined The New York Times in 1983 as a Metropolitan Reporter, and became an op-ed writer for the newspaper in 1995. In 1999, Dowd was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for her series of columns on the Monica Lewinsky scandal in the Clinton administration.

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Michiko Kakutani (born January 9, 1955) is an American literary critic and former chief book critic for The New York Times. Her awards include a Pulitzer Prize for Criticism.

Rami Malek

Rami Said Malek (English: ; Arabic: رامي سعيد مالك‎, Arabic: [ˈɾɑːmi sæˈʕiːd ˈmæːlek]; born May 12, 1981) is an American actor and producer. His breakthrough role was as computer hacker Elliot Alderson in the USA Network television series Mr. Robot (2015–present), for which he received several accolades, including the 2016 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series. In 2018, he portrayed Freddie Mercury in the biopic Bohemian Rhapsody, for which he received critical acclaim and won several awards, including the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Screen Actors Guild Award, and British Academy Film Award for Best Actor. He is the first actor of Egyptian heritage to win the Academy Award for Best Actor. Time magazine named Malek one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2019.

Born and raised in Los Angeles, California, to Egyptian immigrant parents, Malek studied theater at the University of Evansville in Indiana. He began his acting career with supporting roles in film and television, including the Fox sitcom The War at Home (2005–2007), the HBO miniseries The Pacific (2010), and the Night at the Museum film trilogy (2006–2014). He has done voicework for television and video games, as well as motion capture for the latter.

Regina King

Regina Rene King (born January 15, 1971) is an American actress and television director. She is the recipient of various accolades, including an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, and three Primetime Emmy Awards. Time magazine named King one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2019.King first gained attention in 1985 as Brenda Jenkins in the NBC television series 227. She would go on to star in both television and film, rising to greater prominence with roles like Dana Jones in Friday (1995), Marcee Tidwell in Jerry Maguire (1996), Riley and Huey Freeman on the hit animated series The Boondocks, and Detective Lydia Adams on Southland. For Southland, she earned two Critics' Choice Award nominations for Best Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 2012 and 2013. In 2018, her performance as Sharon Rivers in the film If Beale Street Could Talk earned her the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress.

From 2015 to 2017, King starred in the ABC anthology series American Crime, for which she received three Primetime Emmy Award nominations, winning twice, and was also nominated for a Golden Globe Award. Also from 2015 to 2017, she played Erika Murphy in the HBO drama The Leftovers, for which she received a Critics' Choice Television Award nomination. In 2018, she starred in the Netflix miniseries Seven Seconds, for which she won her third Emmy Award. King had a recurring role as Janine Davis in the CBS sitcom The Big Bang Theory, and has starred in various films, including Boyz n the Hood, Poetic Justice, Legally Blonde 2, Ray and Miss Congeniality: Armed & Fabulous.

Richard Corliss

Richard Nelson Corliss (March 6, 1944 – April 23, 2015) was an American film critic and magazine editor for Time. He focused on movies, with occasional articles on other subjects.He was the former editor-in-chief of Film Comment and authored several books including Talking Pictures, which, along with other publications, drew early attention to the screenwriter, as opposed to the director.

Richard Madden

Richard Madden (born 18 June 1986) is a Scottish actor. Born and raised near Glasgow, in Renfrewshire, he made his screen debut as a child actor and stage debut whilst a student at the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama. In 2007, he toured with Shakespeare's Globe company as Romeo in Romeo and Juliet, a role he reprised in the West End in 2016.

Madden's breakthrough role came in 2011, as Robb Stark in HBO's fantasy drama Game of Thrones, for which he received the Screen International Award for Star of Tomorrow. His subsequent roles include leading the first season of the historical fiction series Medici: Masters of Florence (2016) as Cosimo de' Medici, and starring in Disney's Cinderella (2015), and portraying John Reid in the biopic Rocketman (2019).

In 2018, Madden gained critical acclaim for his leading role as a troubled war veteran in the BBC thriller series Bodyguard, the UK's most-watched television drama since current records began, for which he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama. Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2019.

The New York Times Magazine

The New York Times Magazine is a Sunday magazine supplement included with the Sunday edition of The New York Times. It is host to feature articles longer than those typically in the newspaper and has attracted many notable contributors. The magazine is also noted for its photography, especially relating to fashion and style.

The magazine also includes various puzzles, which have been popular features since their introduction.

Time 100

Time 100 (often stylized as TIME 100) is an annual listicle of the 100 most influential people in the world, assembled by the American news magazine Time. First published in 1999 as the result of a debate among American academics, politicians, and journalists, the list is now a highly publicized annual event. Although appearing on the list is often seen as an honor, Time makes it clear that entrants are recognized for changing the world, regardless of the consequences of their actions. The final list of influential individuals is exclusively chosen by Time editors, with nominations coming from the TIME 100 alumni and the magazine's international writing staff. Only the winner of the Reader's Poll, conducted days before the official list is revealed, is chosen by the general public. The corresponding commemorative gala is held annually in Manhattan.

Time Person of the Year

Person of the Year (called Man of the Year or Woman of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse... has done the most to influence the events of the year".

Whittaker Chambers

Whittaker Chambers, born Jay Vivian Chambers (April 1, 1901 – July 9, 1961), was an American writer-editor and former Communist spy who in 1948 testified about Communist espionage, thereafter earning respect from the American Conservative movement. After early years as a Communist Party member (1925) and Soviet spy (1932–1938), he defected from the Soviet underground (1938) and joined Time magazine (1939–1948). Under subpoena in 1948, he testified about the Ware group in what became the Hiss case for perjury (1949–1950), all described in his 1952 memoir Witness. Afterwards, he worked briefly as a senior editor at National Review (1957–1959). President Ronald Reagan awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1984.

Wightman Cup

The Wightman Cup was an annual team tennis competition for women contested from 1923 through 1989 (except during World War II) between teams from the United States and Great Britain.

You (Time Person of the Year)

"You" were chosen in 2006 as Time magazine's Person of the Year. The magazine set out to recognize the millions of people who anonymously contribute user-generated content to wikis and other websites such as Wikipedia, YouTube, MySpace, Facebook, and the multitudes of other websites featuring user contribution.While the status had been given before to inanimate objects, with the personal computer being the "Machine of the Year" for 1982, as well as collections of people or an abstract representative of a movement, the choice of "You" attracted criticism from commentators in publications such as The Atlantic for being too much of a pop culture gimmick. A 2014 New York Daily News article named the 2006 award as one of the ten most controversial "Person of the Year" moments in the history of Time. However, the news-magazine experienced generally successful sales.

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