Tim Raines

Timothy Raines Sr. (born September 16, 1959), nicknamed "Rock",[1] is an American professional baseball coach and former player. He played as a left fielder in Major League Baseball for six teams from 1979 to 2002 and was best known for his 13 seasons with the Montreal Expos. He is regarded as one of the best leadoff hitters and baserunners in baseball history.[2][3][4] In 2013, Raines began working in the Toronto Blue Jays organization as a roving outfield and baserunning instructor.[5]

Raines is the 1986 NL batting champion, a seven-time All-Star, and four-time stolen base champion. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2017.

Tim Raines
Tim Raines 2011
Raines as Newark Bears manager in 2011
Left fielder
Born: September 16, 1959 (age 59)
Sanford, Florida
Batted: Switch Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 11, 1979, for the Montreal Expos
Last MLB appearance
September 29, 2002, for the Florida Marlins
MLB statistics
Batting average.294
Hits2,605
Home runs170
Runs batted in980
Stolen bases808
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction2017
Vote86.0% (tenth ballot)

Early life

Raines was born in Sanford, Florida, to Ned and Florence Raines. He attended Seminole High School in Sanford.[6] Raines was one of seven children. Two of his brothers, Levi and Ned III, played minor league baseball.[7] As a baseball player at Seminole, Raines stole home plate ten times. He also rushed for 1,000 yards in eight football games and set two school track and field records that lasted for several years.[8] Raines reportedly received over 100 scholarship offers to play college football.[9]

Career

Montreal Expos

The Montreal Expos selected Raines in the fifth round of the 1977 Major League Baseball draft.[10] After debuting with six games as a pinch runner in 1979, he played briefly as a second baseman for the Expos in 1980 but soon switched to playing the outfield, and rapidly became a fan favorite due to his aggressiveness on the basepaths. In the strike-interrupted 1981 rookie season, he batted .304 and set a then Major League Baseball rookie record with 71 stolen bases,[note 1] breaking the previous mark of 56 steals set by Gene Richards in 1977.[12] Raines was caught stealing for the first time in 1981, after having begun his career with a major league record 27 consecutive successful stolen bases. Raines was the runner-up for the National League's Rookie of the Year Award in 1981, which was won by Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Fernando Valenzuela.

Raines' performance dipped in 1982,[13] as he hit .277 with a .353 on-base percentage.[14] At the end of the season, Raines entered treatment for substance abuse, having spent an estimated $40,000 that year on cocaine.[13] To avoid leaving the drug in his locker, Raines carried it in his hip pocket, and slid headfirst when running the bases.[15] He used cocaine before games, in his car, after games, and on some occasions, between innings in the clubhouse.[16] Raines would later testify at the Pittsburgh drug trials, in September 1985.

In 1983, Raines stole a career high of 90 bases, the second-highest total in franchise history, and scored 133 runs, a franchise record. He was named Expos Player of the Year in 1983, 1985, and 1986. In each season from 1981 to 1986, Raines stole at least 70 bases. He had a career-high .334 batting average in 1986, winning the National League Batting Championship. Raines maintained a consistently high on-base percentage during this period and a rising slugging percentage, reaching a career peak of .429 in 1987. Although he never won a Gold Glove Award, Raines was an excellent defensive player who led the National League with 21 assists in 1983 and, with 4 double plays, tied for the league lead in double plays by an outfielder in 1985.

Raines became a free agent on November 12, 1986,[14] but in spite of his league-leading play, no team made a serious attempt to sign him.[17] (During this period, the Major League Baseball owners acted in collusion to keep salaries down.) On May 1, 1987, hours after being permitted to negotiate again with Montreal, Raines signed a new deal with the Expos for $5,000,000 over three years, and a $900,000 signing bonus.[17] In his first game back, on May 2, facing the Mets, although Raines had not participated in spring training or any other competitive preparation for the season, he hit the first pitch he saw off the right-field wall for a triple. Raines finished the game with four hits in five at-bats, three runs, one walk, a stolen base, and a game-winning grand slam in the 10th inning.[18][19] Even without having played in April, Raines led the Expos in runs, walks, times on base, runs created, and stolen bases, in addition to batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage.[20] He also garnered MVP honors in the All-Star Game as he delivered a game-winning triple in the 13th inning. Raines would, in 1992, be one of dozens of players retroactively awarded collusion damages, receiving over $865,000.[21]

Post-Expos career

The Expos traded Raines to the Chicago White Sox on December 20, 1990, along with Jeff Carter and a player to be named later (PTBNL), later identified as Mario Brito, in exchange for Iván Calderón and Barry Jones.[14] Raines later admitted that he left Montreal because he wanted to win a World Series and didn't believe that the Expos "had what it took", even though he ended up not winning the title in Chicago after all but years later with the New York Yankees instead. [22]

Tim Raines 1995
Raines playing for the Chicago White Sox, 1995

In his first season in the American League, Raines hit for a .268 average but with a .359 on-base percentage; he was second on the team in runs scored as the White Sox finished the season in second place in the American League Western Division. His average improved in 1992 to .294 with a .380 on-base percentage. In 1993, despite missing nearly six weeks in April and May due to a torn ligament in his thumb he suffered while stealing a base, he managed to hit .306 with 16 home runs as the White Sox won the American League Western Division title.[23] In the 1993 American League Championship Series against the Toronto Blue Jays, Raines posted a .444 batting average and scored five runs in a losing cause.[24]

On December 28, 1995, the White Sox traded Raines to the New York Yankees for future considerations; in February 1996, the teams agreed on Blaise Kozeniewski as the return.[25] With the Yankees, Raines received two World Series rings in 1996 and 1998. While his playing time was curtailed due to injuries,[18] he contributed to a loose clubhouse atmosphere,[26][27] and was productive when he came up to the plate.[14] With the Yankees, Raines stole his 800th base on June 10, 1998.

In January 1999, Raines signed as a free agent with the Oakland Athletics. After a kidney biopsy on July 23, Raines was diagnosed with lupus and spent the rest of the year undergoing treatment and recovery.[27][28]

Recovery and return

Raines was signed by the Yankees as a free agent on February 1, 2000,[29] but was released on March 23.[14] On December 21, Raines was signed by the Expos.[14] At the Expos home opener in 2001, Raines received what he described as the longest and loudest standing ovation in his entire career, resulting in the pitcher walking him on four pitches.[30] With limited playing time, Raines batted .308, with a .433 on-base percentage and a .436 slugging percentage. That same year, he was inducted into the team's Hall of Fame.

Raines underwent surgery on May 31 due to a left shoulder strain, and spent time rehabilitating with the Expos Triple-A club, the Ottawa Lynx. On August 21, 2001, Raines and his son, Tim Raines Jr., became the first father-son pair to play against each other in an official professional baseball game, when the Lynx played the Rochester Red Wings (the two had faced each other earlier in the year during spring training).[31] Raines returned to the major league club on August 22.

On October 3, the Expos traded Raines to the Baltimore Orioles, thereby permitting Raines to play a major league game with his son.[32][33] On October 4, Raines Jr. played center field and Raines, Sr. played left field for Baltimore, becoming the second father and son team to play for the same major league team (a feat previously accomplished by Ken Griffey, Sr. and Ken Griffey, Jr.).[34]

Raines played his last season in 2002 with the Florida Marlins. He is one of only 29 players in baseball history to date to have appeared in Major League baseball games in four decades, was the last active player who was involved with the Pittsburgh drug trials, and also the last MLB batter to wear a batting helmet with no ear flap.[35]

Career statistics

In a 23-year career, Raines played in 2,502 games accumulating 2,605 hits in 8,872 at bats for a .294 career batting average along with 170 home runs, 980 runs batted in, a .385 on-base percentage and a .425 slugging percentage. He ended his career with a .987 fielding percentage. Raines stole at least 70 bases in each of his first six full seasons (1981–1986), leading the National League in stolen bases each season from 1981 to 1984, with a career high of 90 steals in 1983. Raines also led the National League in runs scored twice (1983 and 1987). Raines batted over .300 in five full seasons and over .320 from 1985 to 1987, winning the 1986 National League batting title with a .334 average. He also had six full seasons with an on-base percentage above .390.

With 808 steals in his career, Raines has the fourth-highest total in major league history, behind Rickey Henderson, Lou Brock and Ty Cobb.[note 2] Until 2008,[note 3] his career stolen base percentage (84.7%) was the highest in major league history for players with 300 or more attempts[note 4] and he was successful on 40 consecutive steal attempts between July 1993 and August 1995, setting an American League record at the time (the record was broken by Ichiro Suzuki in May 2007, when he completed 45 consecutive steals).

Among switch hitters, Raines ranks sixth in career hits (2,605), fourth in runs (1,571), walks (1,330) and times on base (3,977), fifth in plate appearances (10,359), seventh in singles (1,892), doubles (430), total bases (3,771) and at bats (8,872), eighth in triples (113) and tenth in extra base hits (713). He holds Expos/Washington Nationals franchise records for career runs (947), steals (635), singles (1,163), triples (82) and walks (793), and was the seventh player whose career began after 1945 to retire with over 1,500 runs and 100 triples.[note 5] His 1,966 games in left field ranked seventh in major league history when he retired.

From 1983 to 1987, Total Baseball rated him as one of the National League's five best players each season. He is also listed as the 40th greatest non-pitcher in major-league history according to Bill James's win shares formula, one place ahead of Mark McGwire.

League leading statistics

Reference: Baseball-Reference.com Leader and Record Board Index[36]

  • Led the National League in batting average in 1986 (.334), the third switch hitter to win the NL batting title
  • Led the National League in on-base percentage in 1986 (.413)
  • Led the major leagues in stolen bases in 1981 (71) and 1984 (75)
  • Led the National League in stolen bases in 1982 (78) and 1983 (90)
  • Led the major leagues in runs scored in 1983 (133) and 1987 (123)
  • Led the National League for times on base in 1983 (282), 1984 (281), and 1986 (274)
  • Led the National League in outfield assists in 1983 (21)
  • Tied for the National League lead in double plays by an outfielder in 1985 (4)

Expos records

Reference: Montreal Expos Batting Leaders from baseball-reference.com[37]

  • Single-season record for plate appearances (731 in 1982)
  • Single-season record for runs (133 in 1983)
  • Career record for runs (947)
  • Single-season record for triples (13 in 1985); shared with Rodney Scott and Mitch Webster
  • Career record for singles (1,163)
  • Career record for triples (82)
  • Career record for walks (793)
  • Career record for times on base (2,440)
  • Career record for stolen bases (635)
  • Career record for runs created (1,047)
Raines 30
Raines' uniform number 30 was retired by the Montreal Expos.

Honors and awards

Raines was a National League All-Star in 7 consecutive seasons (1981–1987), and was named the Most Valuable Player of the 1987 All-Star Game.[38]

In 1981 the Sporting News named Raines the National League Rookie of the Year.[39]

Raines finished in the top 10 in voting for the NL Most Valuable Player Award three times (1983, 1986, 1987). He won a Silver Slugger Award as an outfielder in 1986 when he led the National League in both batting average and on-base percentage.

In 2013, Raines was elected into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame.[30]

On January 18, 2017, Raines was elected in the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.[40] He was formally inducted on July 30.

Baseball Hall of Fame candidacy

Raines was elected to the Hall of Fame in 2017, appearing on 86.0% of ballots cast. He was eligible for election to the Baseball Hall of Fame in January 2008, and various sabermetricians and commentators had supported his induction prior to his being elected in 2017.[41][42][43][44][45]

History of Hall of Fame vote support[14]
Year of Hall of Fame balloting Percentage
2008 24.3%
2009 22.6%
2010 30.4%
2011 37.5%
2012 48.7%
2013 52.2%
2014 46.1%
2015 55.0%
2016 69.8%
2017 86.0%

Coaching career

Raines began his coaching career in 2003 as manager of the Class A-Advanced Brevard County Manatees affiliate of the Expos. He was promoted to the major league team in 2004 and was present for the Expos' final games as a Montreal franchise.

He was a coach for the White Sox from November 2004 until October 2006.[46] During the 2005 World Series Championship season, Raines served as first base coach. During the 2006 season, he served as bench coach. He was the hitting coach for the minor-league Harrisburg Senators in 2007,[47] but was not retained by the team for 2008. Raines signed a two-year contract to manage the Newark Bears of the Atlantic League, starting in 2009. After the 2010 season, the Bears moved to the Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball, and the team announced Raines would return to manage in 2011.[48] In 2012, he was an assistant coach and Director of Player Development for the Bears.[47][49] The Toronto Blue Jays hired Raines as a minor league baserunning and outfield coach in 2013.[47][50][51]

Personal life

Tim Raines, Jr
Tim Raines Jr. as hitting coach for the Aberdeen IronBirds in 2018

In 1979, Raines married Virginia Hilton, a classmate at Seminole High School. The couple had two children: Tim Jr. ("Little Rock"), and André ("Little Hawk").[52] In high school, he was a running back and has said he enjoyed football more than baseball at the time. On the matter between the two he reflects, "...in football I was a running back, so in the NFL my career would have probably lasted six or seven years and in baseball I ended up playing 23 years. In baseball you can play a long time so I think it's better when you think of it in that way."[53]

In 1985, Raines became a resident of Heathrow, Florida.[54] In 2007, he moved to Estrella Mountain Ranch, a suburb of Phoenix, Arizona, and married Shannon Watson from Arnprior, Ontario.[55] She had twin babies in 2010.[56] In 2017, Raines published his autobiography, written with journalist Alan Maimon, Rock Solid: My Life in Baseball's Fast Lane.[57]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Broken by Juan Samuel with 72 in 1984[11]
  2. ^ Some sources also place Raines behind Billy Hamilton, who recorded over 900 steals from 1888 to 1901; however, nearly 800 of these were achieved prior to 1898, when the definition of a steal was altered, and these early steals are not officially recognized.
  3. ^ Carlos Beltrán passed 300 steal attempts in 2008, and as of August 5, 2017 has a higher stolen base percentage.
  4. ^ Caught stealing data is incomplete prior to the 1951 season.
  5. ^ The previous six were Willie Mays, Lou Brock, Pete Rose, George Brett, Robin Yount and Paul Molitor.

References

  1. ^ Raines received this nickname at an Expo rookie camp when he was seventeen, based on his physique. Abel, Allen (May 28, 1981). "Raines defies Doubleday". The Globe and Mail. p. 55.
  2. ^ In 2001, Bill James ranked Raines as the second greatest leadoff player in MLB history. James, Bill (2001). New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, The. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 684–685. ISBN 0-684-80697-5.
  3. ^ McLaughlin, Dan (December 27, 2007). "The Path to Cooperstown: Tim Raines and the Tablesetters". HardballTimes.com. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
  4. ^ Stark, Jayson; Peter Gammons (December 29, 2007). "Debate: Is Tim Raines a Hall of Famer?". ESPN.com. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
  5. ^ "Toronto Blue Jays add Tim Raines to coaching staff: report". thestar.com. December 31, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  6. ^ Porter, David L. (2004). Latino and African American Athletes Today: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 311. ISBN 9780313320484. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  7. ^ Fimrite, Ron (June 25, 1984). "Don't Knock The Rock". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  8. ^ Buchalter, Bill (September 25, 1994). "Seminole's top star still Raines at school". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  9. ^ Jaffe, Jay (January 25, 2017). "Tim Raines talks his journey to Hall of Fame". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  10. ^ "1977 Major League Baseball Draft". thebaseballcube.com. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  11. ^ Durso, Joseph (August 15, 1989). "Samuel Is Making an Impact". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015.
  12. ^ "Expos' Raines makes off with SB record". The Sun. San Bernardino, California. Associated Press. August 30, 1981. p. D-6. Retrieved September 3, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  13. ^ a b Fimrite, Ron (June 25, 1984). "Don't Knock the Rock". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g baseball-reference.com. "Tim Raines". Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
  15. ^ Vecsey, George (August 21, 1985). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; To Test or not to Test?". The New York Times. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  16. ^ Farber, Michael (2004). "Raines beats $1,000-a-week habit". In Brunt, Stephen (ed.). The Way it Looks From Here. Alfred A. Knopf. Originally published in The Gazette on 1982-12-11.
  17. ^ a b Anderson, Dave (May 5, 1987). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; Nobody Wanted Raines". The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  18. ^ a b Keri, Jonah (December 29, 2007). "Raines: 'I played the game with excitement, focus'". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  19. ^ "Retrosheet Boxscore: Montreal Expos 11, New York Mets 7". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  20. ^ baseball-reference.com. "1987 Montreal Expos Statistics and Roster". Sports Reference. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  21. ^ Chass, Murray (December 15, 1992). "BASEBALL; Big Collusion Winners: Clark, Parrish, Dawson". The New York Times.
  22. ^ Tim Raines (October 22, 2017). "22 October 2017 episode". Tout le monde en parle. Season 14. Episode 05 (in French and English). Montreal. 34m12s minutes in. Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Retrieved October 25, 2017. I didn't leave because I didn't like Montreal... I left because I was in a situation where: I'm a veteran, I want to win a World Championship, we didn't have what it takes to win a World Championship... and that's why I ended up going to Chicago. Not because I didn't like Montreal, but I wanted to go to a team that has a chance to win and... unfortunately we didn't win there and I ended up going to New York and winning, but, that was what it was all about, it wasn't about the city, and that's why I came back to Montreal, because, you know, I wanted to finish my career in Montreal.
  23. ^ "1993 American League Standings". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  24. ^ "1993 American League Championship Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  25. ^ "SPORTS PEOPLE: BASEBALL;Yankees Finish Trade". The New York Times. February 7, 1996. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  26. ^ Olney, Buster (October 16, 1998). "WORLD SERIES PREVIEW: YANKEES VS. PADRES – IN THE CLUBHOUSE; Before the Yankees Take the Field..." The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  27. ^ a b El-Bashir, Tarik (August 31, 1999). "Raines Returns, as Do the Laughs". The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  28. ^ McKeon, Ross (August 7, 1999). "Raines diagnosis: Lupus". SFGate.com. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  29. ^ Olney, Buster (February 2, 2000). "Raines Gets a Shot At Resuming Career". The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  30. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 2, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ CBC Sports (August 22, 2001). "Father-son combos common in baseball". CBC.ca. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  32. ^ CBC Sports (October 3, 2001). "Orioles add elder Raines". CBC.ca. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  33. ^ "Tim Raines Sr. joins son on Orioles". ESPN.com. Associated Press. October 3, 2001. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  34. ^ "Charlton's Baseball Chronology – 2001". BaseballLibrary.com. Archived from the original on January 7, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  35. ^ Phillips, Thomas D.; Touching All the Bases: Baseball in 101 Fascinating Stories, p. 109 ISBN 0810885522
  36. ^ baseball-reference.com. "Baseball-Reference.com Leader and Record Board Index". Sports Reference. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  37. ^ baseball-reference.com. "Washington Nationals Batting Leaders". Sports Reference. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  38. ^ baseball-reference.com. "Baseball-Reference All-Star Game Index". Sports Reference. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  39. ^ The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. Sterling Publishing. 2007. p. 1768. ISBN 1-4027-4771-3.
  40. ^ "After slow burn, Tim Raines blazes his way into the Hall of Fame". ESPN. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  41. ^ Stark, Jayson; Peter Gammons (December 29, 2007). "Debate: Is Tim Raines a Hall of Famer?". ESPN.com. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
  42. ^ Pearlman (June 13, 2007). ""Rock" belongs in Cooperstown". ESPN.com. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
  43. ^ Sheehan, Joe (March 24, 2000). "The Daily Prospectus: A Hall of Famer Retires". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
  44. ^ Jazayerli, Rany (March 31, 2000). "The Case for Tim Raines: An In-Depth Look". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
  45. ^ Darowski, Mike (February 17, 2006). "Hall of Fame Case: Tim Raines". The Rule V Baseball Blog. Archived from the original on March 5, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
  46. ^ ESPN.com (October 14, 2006). "White Sox fire bench coach Raines". ESPN.com. Retrieved October 28, 2006.
  47. ^ a b c Berry, Adam (January 2, 2013). "Raines to coach in Blue Jays' farm system". MLB Advanced Media. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  48. ^ "Rock Takes the Raines for 2011 Season" (Press release). Newark Bears. November 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2010.
  49. ^ http://brickcitybears.com/?page_id=34
  50. ^ "Former Expos star Tim Raines joins Blue Jays staff for 2013". SportingNews.com. January 1, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  51. ^ Engel, Heather (March 29, 2014). "Raines thrilled with game's return to Montreal". MLB.com. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  52. ^ Fimrite, Ron (June 25, 1984). "Don't Knock the Rock". CNN/Sports Illustrated. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
  53. ^ Benjamin, Samori (July 21, 2008). "Rock Solid". WBAI Sports. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved October 1, 2008. As I got older I realized baseball could prolong your career, in football I was a running back, so in the NFL my career would have probably lasted 6 or 7 years and in baseball I ended up playing 23 years. In baseball you can play a long time so I think it's better when you think of it in that way.
  54. ^ "Tim Raines Biography - Affair, Married, Wife, Ethnicity, Nationality, Net Worth, Height". Married Biography. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  55. ^ Elliott, Bob (August 11, 2007). "Elliott on Baseball". Canoe Inc. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
  56. ^ "The Jonah Keri Podcast, Episode 11 (Part 1)". The Jonah Keri Podcast. 16:35 minutes in. Archived from the original on August 19, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  57. ^ Dixon, Michael (May 8, 2017). "Tim Raines Offers Unique Perspective into MLB History in 'Rock Solid' Autobiography". sportsnaut.com. Retrieved January 2, 2018.

Further reading

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Candy Maldonado
Hitting for the cycle
August 16, 1987
Succeeded by
Albert Hall
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Rafael Santana
Chicago White Sox First base coach
2005
Succeeded by
Harold Baines
Preceded by
Harold Baines
Chicago White Sox Bench coach
2006
Succeeded by
Joey Cora
1982 Montreal Expos season

The 1982 Montreal Expos season was the 14th season in franchise history. They finished 86-76, 6 games back of the St. Louis Cardinals in the National League East.

1984 Montreal Expos season

The 1984 Montreal Expos season was the 16th season in franchise history. They recorded 78 wins during the 1984 season and finished in fifth place in the National League East. A managerial change occurred as Bill Virdon was replaced by Jim Fanning. The highlight of the Expos season was the acquisition of Pete Rose. After being benched in the 1983 World Series, Rose left the Phillies and signed a one-year contract with the Montreal Expos. He garnered his 4,000th hit with the team on April 13, 1984 against the Phillies, being only the second player to do so.

1987 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1987 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 58th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 14, 1987, at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum in Oakland, California, the home of the Oakland Athletics of the American League. The game resulted in the National League defeating the American League 2-0 in 13 innings. Montreal Expos outfielder Tim Raines was named the Most Valuable Player.

1987 Montreal Expos season

The 1987 Montreal Expos season was the 19th season in franchise history.

1991 Chicago White Sox season

The 1991 Chicago White Sox season was the White Sox's 93rd season. They finished with a record 87-75, good enough for 2nd place in the American League West, 8 games behind of the 1st place Minnesota Twins, as the club opened the new Comiskey Park on April 18.

1994 Chicago White Sox season

The 1994 Chicago White Sox season was the White Sox's 94th season in the major leagues, and their 95th season overall. They led the American League Central, 1 game ahead of the 2nd place Cleveland Indians with a record of 67-46, when the season was cut short by the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike.

1999 Oakland Athletics season

The Oakland Athletics' 1999 season involved the A's finishing 2nd in the American League West with a record of 87 wins and 75 losses. In doing so, the Athletics finished with their first winning record since 1992. The campaign was also the first of eight consecutive winning seasons for the Athletics (the last of these coming in 2006).

2017 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 2017 proceeded according to rules most recently amended in 2016. As in the past, the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from a ballot of recently retired players, with results announced on January 18, 2017. The BBWAA elected Jeff Bagwell, Tim Raines, and Iván Rodríguez to the Hall of Fame.

The three voting panels that replaced the more broadly defined Veterans Committee following a July 2010 rules change were replaced by a new set of four panels in July 2016. The newly created Today's Game Committee convened early in December 2016 to select from a ballot of retired players and non-playing personnel who made their greatest contributions to the sport after 1987. John Schuerholz and Bud Selig were elected by this committee.

List of Chicago White Sox nicknames

In the last 100-plus years, the Chicago White Sox have had many players with colorful and memorable nicknames from "Shoeless Joe" Jackson to "Old Aches & Pains" Appling, Minnie the "Cuban Comet" Minoso, "Little Louie" Aparicio, "Black Jack" McDowell, and Frank "The Big Hurt" Thomas. These are some of the best.

Dick Allen: "Wampum"

Sandy Alomar: "Iron Pony"

Luis Aparicio: "Little Louie"

Luke Appling: "Fumblefoot" or "Kid Boots" or "Old Aches & Pains"

Cuke Barrows, Roland Barrows: "Cuke"

Bruno Block, James John Blochowicz: "Bruno"

Ken Boyer: "Cap" or "Captain"

Smoky Burgess, Forrest Harrill Burgess: "Smoky"

Iván Calderón: "Ivan The Terrible"

Norm Cash: "Stormin’ Norman"

Eddie Cicotte: "Knuckles"

Rocky Colavito, Rocco Colavito: "Rocky"

Eddie Collins: "Cocky"

José Contreras: "Commander"

Joe Crede: "Clutch Norris"

Bucky Dent, Russell Earl O’Day: "Bucky" or "Bucky 'Fucking' Dent"

Octavio Dotel: "Ol' Dirty"

Richard Dotson: "Dot"

Brian Downing: "Incredible Hulk"

Red Faber, Urban Clarence Faber: "Red"

Carlton Fisk: "Pudge"

Nellie Fox, Jacob Nelson Fox,: "Nellie", "Little Nel", or "The Mighty Mite"

Freddy García: "Chief"

Ralph Garr: "Road Runner"

Kid Gleason, William Gleason: "Kid"

Goose Gossage, Richard Michael Gossage: "Goose" or "The White Gorilla"

Craig Grebeck: "The Little Hurt"

Bo Jackson, Vincent Edward Jackson: "Bo"

Joe Jackson: "Shoeless Joe"

Bobby Jenks: "Big Bad Bobby Jenks"

Lance Johnson: "One Dog"

Ted Kluszewski: "Big Klu"

Paul Konerko: "Paulie"

Carlos Lee: "El Caballo"

Ted Lyons: "Sunday Teddy"

Jack McDowell: "Black Jack"

Catfish Metkovich, George Michael Metkovich: "Catfish"

Minnie Miñoso, Saturnino Orestes Armas (Arrieta) Miñoso: "Minnie" or "The Cuban Comet"

Blue Moon Odom, Johnny Lee Odom: "Blue Moon"

Magglio Ordóñez: "El Caribe Mayor (The Caribbean Mayor)" or "Mags"

Tom Paciorek: "Wimpy"

Don Pall: "The Pope"

Herbert Perry: "The Milkman"

Bubba Phillips, John Melvin Phillips: "Bubba"

Billy Pierce: "Billy the Kid"

Scott Podsednik: "Pods"

Carlos Quentin: "TCQ"

Tim Raines: "Rock"

Alexei Ramírez: "The Cuban Missile"

Ray Schalk: "The Cracker"

Tom Seaver: "Tom Terrific"

Bill Skowron: "Moose"

Moose Solters, Julius Joseph Soltesz: "Moose" or "Lemons"

Nick Swisher: "Dirty Thirty"

Frank Thomas: "The Big Hurt"

Jim Thome: "Big Jimmy" or "Mr. Incredible"

Javier Vázquez: "The Silent Assassin"

Robin Ventura: "Batman"

Dayán Viciedo: "The Tank"

Ed Walsh: "Big Ed"

Skeeter Webb, James Laverne Webb: "Skeeter"

Hoyt Wilhelm: "Old Sarge"

Walt Williams: "No Neck"

Taffy Wright, Taft Shedron Wright:: "Taffy"

Early Wynn: "Gus"

List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders

Major League Baseball recognizes stolen base leaders in the American League and National League each season.

List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders

In baseball statistics, a stolen base is credited to a baserunner when he successfully advances to the next base while the pitcher is throwing the ball to home plate. Under Rule 7.01 of Major League Baseball's (MLB) Official Rules, a runner acquires the right to an unoccupied base when he touches it before he is out. Stolen bases were more common in baseball's dead-ball era, when teams relied more on stolen bases and hit and run plays than on home runs.As of September 2018, Rickey Henderson holds the MLB career stolen base record with 1,406. He is the only MLB player to have reached the 1,000 stolen bases milestone in his career. Following Henderson is Lou Brock with 938 stolen bases; Billy Hamilton is third on the all-time steals listing. His number of career steals varies with different sources, but all sources hold his career steals placing him in third on the list before Ty Cobb (897), Tim Raines (808), Vince Coleman (752), Arlie Latham (742), Eddie Collins (741), Max Carey (738), and Honus Wagner (723), who are the only other players to have stolen at least 700 bases. Coleman is the leader for retired players that are not members of the Hall of Fame. Hugh Nicol is the leader for the most stolen bases in one season, with 138 stolen bases in 1887.Brock held the all-time career stolen bases before being surpassed by Henderson in 1991. Brock had held the record from 1977 to 1991. Before Brock, Hamilton held the record for eighty-one years, from 1897 to 1977. Before that, Latham held the record from 1887 to 1896. Latham was also the first player to collect 300 career stolen bases. With Kenny Lofton's retirement in 2007, 2008 was the first season since 1967 in which no active player had more than 500 career stolen bases. Between 2008 and 2010, no active player had more than 500 stolen bases until Juan Pierre collected his 500th stolen base on August 5, 2010. He was the leader in stolen bases for active players until his retirement at the end of the 2013 season. José Reyes is the current active leader in stolen bases with 517 career.

List of Major League Baseball stolen base records

Stolen bases were not officially noted in a baseball game's summary until 1886, and it was not until 1888 that it officially earned a place in the box score. The modern rule for stolen bases was adopted in 1898. While some sources do not include stolen base records before 1898 because they are difficult to compare to the era after 1898, as the sourcing on the below list indicates, Major League Baseball continues to recognize them.

Source: Notes:

Historical totals reported by other sources may vary—for example, Baseball-Reference.com ranks Arlie Latham ahead of Eddie Collins, with totals of 742 and 741, respectively.

As of the 2019 MLB season, only one currently active player, Rajai Davis, has more than 400.

List of Washington Nationals team records

The Washington Nationals are a United States Major League Baseball franchise based in Washington, D.C.

Montreal Expos

The Montreal Expos (French: Les Expos de Montréal) were a Canadian professional baseball team based in Montreal, Quebec. The Expos were the first Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise located outside the United States. They played in the National League (NL) East Division from 1969 until 2004. Following the 2004 season, the franchise relocated to Washington, D.C., and became the Washington Nationals.

Immediately after the minor league Triple-A Montreal Royals folded in 1960, political leaders in Montreal sought an MLB franchise, and when the National League evaluated expansion candidates for the 1969 season, it awarded a team to Montreal. Named after the Expo 67 World's Fair, the Expos originally played at Jarry Park Stadium before moving to Olympic Stadium in 1977. The Expos failed to post a winning record in any of their first ten seasons. The team won its only division title in the strike-shortened 1981 season, but lost the 1981 National League Championship Series (NLCS) to the Los Angeles Dodgers. The team was sold in 1991 by its majority, founding owner, Charles Bronfman, to a consortium headed by Claude Brochu. Felipe Alou was promoted to the team's field manager in 1992, becoming MLB's first Dominican-born manager. He led the team to four winning seasons, including 1994, where the Expos had the best record in baseball before a players' strike ended the season. Alou became the Expos leader in games managed (1,409).

The aftermath of the 1994 strike initiated a downward spiral as the Expos chose to sell off their best players, and attendance and interest in the team declined. Major League Baseball purchased the team prior to the 2002 season after the club failed to secure funding for a new ballpark. In their final two seasons, the team played 22 home games each year at Hiram Bithorn Stadium in San Juan, Puerto Rico. On September 29, 2004, MLB announced the franchise would relocate to Washington, D.C. for the 2005 season, and the Expos played their final home game in Montreal.

The Expos posted an all-time record of 2,753 wins, 2,943 losses and 4 ties during their 36 years in Montreal. Vladimir Guerrero led the franchise in both home runs and batting average, and Steve Rogers in wins and strikeouts. Three pitchers threw four no-hitters: Bill Stoneman (twice), Charlie Lea, and Dennis Martínez, who pitched the 13th official perfect game in Major League Baseball history. The Expos retired four numbers in Montreal, and nine former members have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, with Gary Carter, Andre Dawson and Tim Raines' plaques depicting them with Expos caps.

Montreal Expos Player of the Year

The Montreal Expos Player of the Year award was voted by the Montreal chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) at the end of each season, until the Montreal Expos moved to Washington, D.C., US, following the 2004 season.

Pittsburgh drug trials

The Pittsburgh drug trials of 1985 were the catalyst for a Major League Baseball-related cocaine scandal. Several concurrent and former members of the Pittsburgh Pirates – Dale Berra, Lee Lacy, Lee Mazzilli, John Milner, Dave Parker, and Rod Scurry – and other notable major league players – Willie Aikens, Vida Blue, Enos Cabell, Keith Hernandez, Jeffrey Leonard, Tim Raines, and Lonnie Smith – were called before a Pittsburgh grand jury. Their testimony led to the drug trials, which made national headlines in September 1985.Eleven players were officially suspended, but all the suspensions were commuted in exchange for fines, drug testing, and community service. The Pittsburgh drug trials are considered one of baseball's biggest all-time scandals, albeit one that was "behind the scenes" and did not affect play on the field.

Stolen base percentage

Stolen base percentage is a statistic used in baseball.

A player's stolen base percentage (a.k.a. SB%) measures his rate of success in stealing bases. Because stolen bases tend to help a team less than times caught stealing hurt, a player needs to have a high stolen base percentage in order to contribute much value to his team. A commonly used figure is that a player needs to succeed about 2/3 of the time to break even.

With 300 minimum career attempts, Carlos Beltrán currently holds the record for highest Stolen base percentage in the Major Leagues, with .881, with Tim Raines in second, with .847.

Total Baseball developed a statistic related to stolen base percentage called "Stolen Base Runs" or SBR.

(.3 x Stolen Bases) - (.6 x Caught Stealing)

This Total Baseball statistic is aimed at quantifying base-stealing. Numerous statistical studies done by Total Baseball have shown that the break even success rate for steals (the rate at which an attempt to steal is neither helping nor hurting the team in terms of total runs scored) is about 67%. Each successful steal adds approximately .3 runs to a team's total runs scored which is much less than often believed. Therefore, the statistic is meant to estimate the impact of base-stealers, which, other than the elite base-stealers, rarely amounts to more than a few runs per year for each team.

Tim Raines Jr.

Timothy Raines Jr. (born August 31, 1979) is a former professional baseball outfielder who is the son of Major League Baseball (MLB) Hall of Famer Tim Raines. He was with the Baltimore Orioles organization through 2005, playing for the Orioles in 2001 and 2003-2004. He played for the New Orleans Zephyrs and Harrisburg Senators in 2006. Like his father; Raines is a switch-hitter and throws right-handed. He became a free agent at the end of the 2008 season.

In a three-season career, Raines is a .213 hitter with seven RBI and no home runs in 75 games.

On October 4, 2001, Raines Jr. played center field and his father, Tim Raines Sr., played left field, in an Orioles' 5-4 loss to the Boston Red Sox. They became the second major league father-son duo to play in the same game, matching the feat turned by Ken Griffey Sr. and Ken Griffey Jr. (with the Seattle Mariners, on August 31, 1990).

Raines signed with the Chicago White Sox on March 7, 2009, to a minor league contract. He then signed with the Kansas City Royals on May 29, 2009, to a minor league contract.

In 2011, Raines played for the Newark Bears of the Can-Am League who were managed by his father Tim.

In 2017, the Orioles named Raines the hitting coach for the Short-Season A affiliate Aberdeen IronBirds.

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