Tim Burton

Timothy Walter Burton[1] (born August 25, 1958) is an American filmmaker, artist, writer, and animator. He is known for his dark, gothic, and eccentric horror and fantasy films such as Beetlejuice (1988), Edward Scissorhands (1990), The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993), Ed Wood (1994), Sleepy Hollow (1999), Corpse Bride (2005), Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007), Dark Shadows (2012), and Frankenweenie (2012). He is also known for blockbusters such as the adventure comedy Pee-wee's Big Adventure (1985), the superhero films Batman (1989) and its first sequel Batman Returns (1992), the sci-fi film Planet of the Apes (2001), the fantasy drama Big Fish (2003), the musical adventure film Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005), and the fantasy film Alice in Wonderland (2010).

Burton has often worked with Johnny Depp and Danny Elfman, who has composed scores for all but three of the films Burton has directed. Helena Bonham Carter, Burton's former domestic partner, has appeared in many of his films. He wrote and illustrated the poetry book The Melancholy Death of Oyster Boy & Other Stories, published in 1997 by Faber and Faber and a compilation of his drawings, sketches and other artwork, entitled The Art of Tim Burton, was released in 2009. A follow-up to The Art of Tim Burton, entitled The Napkin Art of Tim Burton: Things You Think About in a Bar, containing sketches made by Burton on napkins at bars and restaurants he occasionally visits, was released in 2015.

Tim Burton
Tim Burton by Gage Skidmore
Burton in 2012
Born
Timothy Walter Burton

August 25, 1958 (age 60)
NationalityAmerican
EducationBurbank High School
Alma materCalifornia Institute of the Arts
OccupationFilmmaker, animator, writer, artist
Years active1971–present
Spouse(s)
Lena Gieseke
(m. 1987; div. 1991)
Partner(s)Lisa Marie Smith
(1993–2001)
Helena Bonham Carter
(2001–2014)
Children2 (with Bonham Carter)
Websitetimburton.com

Early life

Burton was born in 1958, in Burbank, California, the son of Jean Burton (née Erickson), later the owner of a cat-themed gift shop, and William "Bill" Burton, a former minor league baseball player who was working for the Burbank Parks and Recreation Department.[2][3] As a preteen, Burton would make short films in his backyard on Evergreen Street using crude stop motion animation techniques or shoot them on 8 mm film without sound (one of his oldest known juvenile films is The Island of Doctor Agor, which he made when he was 13 years old). Burton attended Providencia Elementary School in Burbank. Burton went to Burbank High School, but he was not a particularly good student. He played on the water polo team at Burbank High. Burton was an introspective person and found pleasure in painting, drawing and watching movies. His future work would be heavily influenced by the works of such childhood heroes as Dr. Seuss and Roald Dahl.[4] After graduating from Burbank High School, Burton attended the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, California, to study character animation.[5] As a student at CalArts, Burton made the shorts Stalk of the Celery Monster and King and Octopus.[6]

Career

1980s

Stalk of the Celery Monster attracted the attention of Walt Disney Productions' animation division, which offered Burton an animator's apprenticeship at the studio.[5] He worked as an animator, storyboard artist, graphic designer, art director and concept artist on films such as The Fox and the Hound (1981), Tron (1982), and The Black Cauldron (1985). His concept art never made it into the finished films.

While at Disney in 1982, Burton made his first short, Vincent, a six-minute black-and-white stop motion film based on a poem written by the filmmaker, and depicting a young boy who fantasizes that he is his hero Vincent Price, with Price himself providing narration. The film was produced by Rick Heinrichs, whom Burton had befriended while working in the concept art department at Disney. The film was shown at the Chicago Film Festival and released, alongside the teen drama Tex, for two weeks in one Los Angeles cinema. This was followed by Burton's first live-action production Hansel and Gretel, a Japanese-themed adaptation of the Brothers Grimm fairy tale for the Disney Channel, which climaxes in a kung fu fight between Hansel and Gretel and the witch. Having aired once in 1983 at 10:30 pm on Halloween and promptly shelved, prints of the film are extremely difficult to locate, fueling rumors that the project did not exist. The short would finally go on public display in 2009 at the Museum of Modern Art, and again in 2011 as part of the Tim Burton art exhibit at LACMA.[7][8] It was again shown at the Seoul Museum of Art in 2012.[9]

Burton's next live-action short film, Frankenweenie, was released in 1984. It tells the story of a young boy who tries to revive his dog after it is run over by a car. Filmed in black-and-white, it stars Barret Oliver, Shelley Duvall (with whom he would work again in 1986, directing an episode of her Faerie Tale Theatre) and Daniel Stern. After Frankenweenie was completed, Disney fired Burton, under the pretext of him spending the company's resources on doing a film that would be too dark and scary for children to see.[10]

Actor Paul Reubens saw Frankenweenie and chose Burton to direct the cinematic spin-off of his popular character Pee-wee Herman, stating on the Audio Commentary of 2000 DVD release of Pee-wee's Big Adventure that as soon as the short began, he was sold on Burton's style. Pee-wee Herman gained mainstream popularity with a successful stage show at The Groundlings and the Roxy which was later turned into an HBO special. The film, Pee-wee's Big Adventure, was made on a budget of $8 million and grossed more than $40 million at the North American box office. Burton, a fan of the eccentric musical group Oingo Boingo, asked songwriter Danny Elfman to provide the music for the film. Since then, Elfman has scored every film that Tim Burton has directed, except for Ed Wood[11] Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street and Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children.

After directing episodes for the revitalized version of '50s/'60s anthology horror series Alfred Hitchcock Presents and Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre, Burton directed his next big project: Beetlejuice (1988), a supernatural comedy horror about a young couple forced to cope with life after death, and the family of pretentious yuppies who invade their treasured New England home. Their teenage daughter Lydia (Winona Ryder) has an obsession with death which allows her to see the deceased couple. Starring Alec Baldwin and Geena Davis, and featuring Michael Keaton as the obnoxious bio-exorcist Beetlejuice, the film grossed $80 million on a relatively low budget and won an Academy Award for Best Makeup. It would be converted into a cartoon of the same name, with Burton playing a role as executive producer, that ran on ABC and later Fox.

Burton's ability to produce hits with low budgets impressed studio executives, and he received his first big budget film, Batman. The production was plagued with problems. Burton repeatedly clashed with the film's producers, Jon Peters and Peter Guber, but the most notable debacle involved casting. For the title role, Burton chose to cast Michael Keaton as Batman following their previous collaboration in Beetlejuice, despite Keaton's average physique, inexperience with action films, and reputation as a comic actor. Although Burton won in the end, the furor over the casting provoked enormous fan animosity, to the extent that Warner Brothers' share price slumped. Burton had considered it ridiculous to cast a "bulked-up" ultra-masculine man as Batman, insisting that Batman should be an ordinary man who dressed up in an elaborate bat costume to frighten criminals. Burton cast Jack Nicholson as The Joker (Tim Curry being his second choice) in a move that helped assuage fans' fears, as well as attracting older audiences not as interested in a superhero film. When the film opened in June 1989, it was backed by the biggest marketing and merchandising campaign in film history at the time, and became one of the biggest box office hits of all time, grossing over US$250 million in the U.S. and $400 million worldwide (numbers not adjusted for inflation) and earning critical acclaim for the performances of both Keaton and Nicholson, as well as the film's production aspects, which won the Academy Award for Best Art Direction. The success of the film helped establish Burton as a profitable director, and it proved to be a huge influence on future superhero films, which eschewed the bright, all-American heroism of Richard Donner's Superman for a grimmer, more realistic look and characters with more psychological depth. It also became a major inspiration for the successful 1990s cartoon Batman: The Animated Series, in as much as the darkness of the picture and its sequel allowed for a darker Batman on television.

Burton claimed that the graphic novel Batman: The Killing Joke was a major influence on his film adaptation of Batman:

I was never a giant comic book fan, but I've always loved the image of Batman and the Joker. The reason I've never been a comic book fan – and I think it started when I was a child – is because I could never tell which box I was supposed to read. I don't know if it was dyslexia or whatever, but that's why I loved The Killing Joke, because for the first time I could tell which one to read. It's my favorite. It's the first comic I've ever loved. And the success of those graphic novels made our ideas more acceptable.[12]

1990s

In 1990, Burton co-wrote (with Caroline Thompson) and directed Edward Scissorhands, re-uniting with Winona Ryder from Beetlejuice. His friend Johnny Depp, a teen idol at the end of the 1980s due primarily to his work on the hit TV series 21 Jump Street, was cast in the title role of Edward, who was the creation of an eccentric and old-fashioned inventor (played by Vincent Price in one of his last screen appearances). Edward looked human, but was left with scissors in the place of hands due to the untimely death of his creator. Set in suburbia (and shot in Lakeland, Florida), the film is largely seen as Burton's autobiography of his childhood in Burbank. Burton's idea[13] for the character of Edward Scissorhands came from a drawing he created in high school. Depp wrote a similar comment in the foreword to Mark Salisbury's book, Burton on Burton, regarding his first meeting with Burton over the casting of the film. Edward Scissorhands is considered one of Burton's best movies by some critics.[14] Burton has stated that this is his most personable and meaningful film because it's a representation of him not being able to communicate effectively with others as a teenager.

After the success of Batman, Burton agreed to direct the sequel for Warner Bros. on the condition that he would be granted total control. The result was Batman Returns, which featured Michael Keaton returning as Batman, and a new triad of villains: Danny DeVito (as the Penguin), Michelle Pfeiffer (as Catwoman) and Christopher Walken (as Max Shreck, an evil corporate tycoon and original character created for the film). Darker and considerably more personal than its predecessor, concerns were raised that the film was too scary for children. Audiences were more uncomfortable at the film's overt sexuality, personified by the sleek, fetish-inspired styling of Catwoman's costume. Burton made many changes to the Penguin which would subsequently be applied to the character in both comics and television. While in the comics, he was an ordinary man, Burton created a freak of nature resembling a penguin with webbed, flipper-like fingers, a hooked, beak-like nose, and a penguin-like body (resulting in a rotund, obese man). Released in 1992, Batman Returns grossed $282.8 million worldwide, making it a financial success, though not to the extent of its predecessor.

Burton produced, but did not direct, due to schedule constraints on Batman Returns, The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) for Disney, originally meant to be a children's book in rhyme. The film was directed by Henry Selick and written by Caroline Thompson, based on Burton's original story, world and characters. The film received positive reviews for the stop motion animation, musical score and original storyline. It was a box office success, grossing $50 million. Because of the ruling nature of the film, it was not produced under Disney's name, but rather Disney owned Touchstone Pictures. Disney wanted the protagonist to have eyes,[15] but it didn't happen. There were over 100 people working on this movie just to create the characters. Along with the 3 years of work it took to produce the film.[16] Burton collaborated with Selick again for James and the Giant Peach (1996), which Burton co-produced.

In 1994, Burton and frequent co-producer Denise Di Novi produced the 1994 fantasy-comedy Cabin Boy, starring comedian Chris Elliott and directed/written by Adam Resnick. Burton was originally supposed to direct the film after seeing Elliott perform on Get a Life, but handed the directing responsibility to Resnick once he was offered Ed Wood. Burton's next film, Ed Wood (1994), was of a much smaller scale, depicting the life of infamous director Ed Wood. Starring Johnny Depp in the title role, the film is an homage to the low-budget science fiction and horror films of Burton's childhood, and handles its comical protagonist and his motley band of collaborators with surprising fondness and sensitivity. Owing to creative squabbles during the making of The Nightmare Before Christmas, Danny Elfman declined to score Ed Wood, and the assignment went to Howard Shore. While a commercial failure at the time of its release, Ed Wood was well received by critics. Martin Landau received an Academy Award in the Best Supporting Actor category for his portrayal of Bela Lugosi, and the film received the award for Best Makeup.

Despite Burton's intention to still lead the Batman franchise, Warner Bros. considered Batman Returns too dark and unsafe for children. To attract the young audience, it was decided that Joel Schumacher, who had directed films like The Client, lead the third film, while Burton would only produce it in conjunction with Peter MacGregor-Scott. Following this change and the changes made by the new director, Michael Keaton resigned from the lead role and was replaced by Val Kilmer. Filming for Batman Forever began in late 1994 with new actors: Tommy Lee Jones as Harvey Dent/Two-Face, Nicole Kidman as Dr. Chase Meridian, Chris O'Donnell as Dick Grayson/Robin and Jim Carrey as Edward Nygma/ The Riddler; the only two actors who returned were Pat Hingle as Commissioner Gordon and Michael Gough as Alfred Pennyworth. The film, a combination of the darkness that characterized the saga and colors and neon signs proposed by Schumacher, was a huge box office success, earning $336 million. Warner Bros. demanded that Schumacher delete some scenes so the film did not have the same tone as its predecessor, Batman Returns (later they were added as deleted scenes on the 2005 DVD release).

In 1996, Burton and Selick reunited for the musical fantasy James and the Giant Peach, based on the book by Roald Dahl which contains magical elements and references to drugs and alcohol.[17]. The film, a combination of live action and stop motion footage, starred Richard Dreyfuss, Susan Sarandon, David Thewlis, Simon Callow and Jane Leeves among others, with Burton producing and Selick directing. The film was mostly praised by critics, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Musical or Comedy Score (by Randy Newman).

Elfman and Burton reunited for Mars Attacks! (1996). Based on a popular science fiction trading card series, the film was a hybrid of 1950s science fiction and 1970s all-star disaster films. Coincidence made it an inadvertent spoof of the blockbuster Independence Day, which had been released five months earlier. The film boasted an all-star cast, including Jack Nicholson, Glenn Close, Annette Bening, Danny DeVito, Pierce Brosnan, Michael J. Fox, Sarah Jessica Parker, Natalie Portman, Lukas Haas, Martin Short, Rod Steiger, Christina Applegate and Jack Black.

Sleepy Hollow, released in late 1999, had a supernatural setting and contained another performance by Johnny Depp as Ichabod Crane, a detective with an interest in forensic science rather than the schoolteacher of Washington Irving's original tale. With Sleepy Hollow, Burton paid homage to the horror films of the English company Hammer Films. Christopher Lee, one of Hammer's stars, was given a cameo role. A host of Burton regulars appeared in supporting roles (Michael Gough, Jeffrey Jones and Christopher Walken, among others) and Christina Ricci was cast as Katrina van Tassel. A well-regarded supporting cast was headed by Miranda Richardson, Michael Gambon, Richard Griffiths and Ian McDiarmid. Mostly well received by critics, and with a special mention to Elfman's gothic score, the film won an Academy Award for Best Art Direction, as well as two BAFTAs for Best Costume Design and Best Production Design. A box office success, Sleepy Hollow was also a turning point for Burton. Along with change in his personal life (separation from actress Lisa Marie), Burton changed radically in style for his next project, leaving the haunted forests and colorful outcasts behind to go on to directing Planet of the Apes which, as Burton had repeatedly noted, was "not a remake" of the earlier film.

2000s

Pedro Almodóvar and Tim Burton 01 (cropped)
Tim Burton (right) and Pedro Almodóvar (left) at the première of Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street in Madrid, in 2007

Planet of the Apes was a commercial success, grossing $68 million in its opening weekend. The film has received mixed reviews and is widely considered inferior to the first adaptation of the novel. In 2003, Burton directed Big Fish, based on the novel Big Fish: A Novel of Mythic Proportions by Daniel Wallace. The film is about a father telling the story of his life to his son using exaggeration and color. Starring Ewan McGregor as young Edward Bloom and Albert Finney as an older Edward Bloom, the film also stars Jessica Lange, Billy Crudup, Danny DeVito, Alison Lohman and Marion Cotillard. Big Fish received four Golden Globe nominations as well as an Academy Award nomination for Elfman's score. The film was also the second collaboration between Burton and Helena Bonham Carter, who played the characters of Jenny and the Witch.

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005) is an adaptation of the book of the same name by Roald Dahl. Starring Johnny Depp as Willy Wonka, Freddie Highmore as Charlie Bucket and Deep Roy as the Oompa-Loompas, the film generally took a more faithful approach to the source material than the 1971 adaptation, Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, although some liberties were taken, such as adding Wonka's issue with his father (played by Christopher Lee). Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was later nominated for the Academy Award for Best Costume Design. The film made over $207 million domestically. Filming proved difficult as Burton, Depp, and Danny Elfman had to work on this and Burton's Corpse Bride (2005) at the same time, which was Burton's first full-length stop motion film as a director, featuring the voices of Johnny Depp as Victor and Helena Bonham Carter as Emily in the lead roles.

Burton directed his first music video "Bones" in 2006. "Bones" is the sixth overall single by American indie rock band The Killers, the second released from their second studio album, Sam's Town. Starring in this video were actors Michael Steger and Devon Aoki. Burton went to direct a second music video for The Killers' "Here with Me", starring Winona Ryder, released in 2012.[18]

The DreamWorks/Warner Bros. production Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street was released on December 21, 2007. Burton's work on Sweeney Todd won the National Board of Review Award for Best Director,[19] received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Director[20] and won an Academy Award for Best Art Direction. The film blends explicit gore and Broadway tunes, and was well received by critics. Johnny Depp's performance as Sweeney Todd was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.

In 2005, filmmaker Shane Acker released his short film 9, a story about a sentient rag doll living in a post-apocalyptic world who tries to stop machines from destroying the rest of his eight fellow rag dolls. The film won numerous awards and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film. After seeing the short film, Tim Burton and Timur Bekmambetov, director of Wanted, showed interest in producing a feature-length adaptation of the film. Directed by Acker, the full-length film was produced by Burton, written by Acker (story) and Pamela Pettler (screenplay, co-writer of Corpse Bride) and featured the voice work of Elijah Wood, John C. Reilly, Jennifer Connelly, Christopher Plummer, Martin Landau and Crispin Glover, among others.

2010s

Tim Burton at ComicCon 2009
Tim Burton speaking about 9 at Comic-Con, 2009.

Tim Burton appeared at the 2009 Comic-Con in San Diego, California, to promote both 9 and Alice in Wonderland, the latter won two Academy Awards, for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design. In Burton's version of Alice in Wonderland, the story is set 13 years after the original Lewis Carroll tales. Mia Wasikowska was cast as Alice. The original start date for filming was May 2008.[21] Torpoint and Plymouth were the locations used for filming from September 1 – October 14, and the film remains set in the Victorian era. During this time, filming took place in Antony House in Torpoint.[22] 250 local extras were chosen in early August.[23][24] Other production work took place in London.[25] The film was originally to be released in 2009, but was pushed to March 5, 2010.[26] Johnny Depp plays the Mad Hatter, while Matt Lucas is both Tweedledee and Tweedledum; Helena Bonham Carter portrays the Red Queen; Stephen Fry is the Cheshire Cat; Anne Hathaway stars as the White Queen; Alan Rickman voices Absolem the Caterpillar, Michael Sheen voices McTwisp the White Rabbit and Crispin Glover's head and voice were added onto a CGI body to play the Knave of Hearts. Burton produced its sequel Alice Through the Looking Glass (2016).[27]

Dark Shadows once again saw the collaboration of Burton with actors Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham Carter, composer Danny Elfman, and costume designer Colleen Atwood. The film was released on May 11, 2012, and received mixed reviews from critics. Burton co-produced Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter, with Timur Bekmambetov, who also served as director (they previously worked together in 9). The film, released on June 22, 2012, was based on the novel by Seth Grahame-Smith, who also wrote the film's screenplay and also authored Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. The film starred Benjamin Walker as Abraham Lincoln, Anthony Mackie as William H. Johnson, Joseph Mawle as Lincoln's father Thomas, Robin McLeavy as Lincoln's mother Nancy and Mary Elizabeth Winstead as Lincoln's love interest (and later wife) Mary Ann Todd. The film received mixed reviews.[28][29] He then remade his 1984 short film Frankenweenie as a feature-length stop motion film, distributed by Walt Disney Pictures.[30] He has said, "The film is based on a memory that I had when I was growing up and with my relationship with a dog that I had."[31] The film was released on October 5, 2012, and met with positive reviews.[32]

Burton directed the 2014 biographical drama film Big Eyes about American artist Margaret Keane (Amy Adams), whose work was fraudulently claimed in the 1950s and 1960s by her then-husband, Walter Keane (Christoph Waltz), and their heated divorce trial after Margaret accused Walter of stealing credit for her paintings. The script was written by the screenwriters behind Burton's Ed Wood, Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski. Filming began in Vancouver, British Columbia, in mid-2013. The film was distributed by The Weinstein Company and released in U.S. theaters on December 25, 2014. It received generally positive reviews from critics.[33][34] In September 2016, an adaptation of Ransom Riggs' book Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children, which was directed by Burton was released, starring Asa Butterfield and Eva Green, in her second Burton film.[35] He also directed a live-action adaptation of Dumbo, released in 2019, with Colin Farrell, Danny DeVito, Eva Green and Michael Keaton starring.

Unrealized projects

After Kevin Smith had been hired to write a new Superman film, he suggested Burton to direct.[36] Burton came on and Warner Bros. set a theatrical release date for the summer of 1998, the 60th anniversary of the character's debut in Action Comics.[37] Nicolas Cage was signed on to play Superman, Burton hired Wesley Strick to rewrite Smith's script and the film entered pre-production in June 1997. For budgetary reasons, Warner Bros. ordered another rewrite from Dan Gilroy, delayed the film and ultimately put it on hold in April 1998. Burton then left to direct Sleepy Hollow.[37] Burton has depicted the experience as a difficult one, citing differences with producer Jon Peters and the studio, stating, "I basically wasted a year. A year is a long time to be working with somebody that you don't really want to be working with."[38]

In 2001, The Walt Disney Company began to consider producing a sequel to The Nightmare Before Christmas, but rather than using stop motion, Disney wanted to use computer animation.[39] Burton convinced Disney to drop the idea. "I was always very protective of Nightmare not to do sequels or things of that kind," Burton explained. "You know, 'Jack visits Thanksgiving world' or other kinds of things just because I felt the movie had a purity to it and the people that like it... Because it's a mass-market kind of thing, it was important to kind of keep that purity of it."[40] Regardless, in 2009, Henry Selick stated that he could make a sequel to Nightmare if he and Burton could create a good story for it.[41]

In 2012, Shane Acker confirmed that Burton will work with Valve Corporation to create his next animated feature film, Deep. Like 9, the film will take place in a post-apocalyptic world (although set in a different universe). Deep will be another darker animated film, as Shane Acker has expressed his interest in creating more PG-13 animated films.[42] Since then, there have been no further mentions of Deep, with Acker focusing on another project announced in 2013 (Beasts of Burden).[43][44]

On January 19, 2010, it was announced that after Dark Shadows, Burton's next project would be Maleficent, a Wicked-like film that showed the origin and the past of Sleeping Beauty's antagonist Maleficent. In an interview with Fandango published February 23, 2010, however, he denied he was directing any upcoming Sleeping Beauty film.[45] However, on November 23, 2010, in an interview with MTV, Burton confirmed that he was indeed putting together a script for Maleficent.[46] It was announced by The Hollywood Reporter on May 16, 2011, that Burton was no longer attached to Maleficent.[47]

It was reported that Burton would direct a 3D stop motion animation adaptation of The Addams Family, which was confirmed by Christopher Meledandri,[48] but the project was scrapped on July 17, 2013.[49] On July 19, 2010, he was announced as the director of the upcoming film adaptation of Monsterpocalypse.[50]

In 2011, it reported that Burton was working on a live-action adaptation of The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, featuring Josh Brolin, who would also be co-producing. The project did not move forward.[51][52]

In July 2012, following the release of both Dark Shadows and Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter, it was announced that screenwriter and novelist Seth Grahame-Smith is working alongside Tim Burton on a potential Beetlejuice sequel. Actor Michael Keaton has also expressed interest in reprising his role as the title character along with Winona Ryder.[53][54] In 2017, Deadline reported that a new screenwriter for the sequel was hired to write a script in time for the film's 30th anniversary. In April 2019, Warner Bros. stated the sequel had been shelved.[55]

Frequent collaborators

Burton regularly casts the same actors in his film projects. Johnny Depp has been in nine of his films, while ex-partner Helena Bonham Carter has been in seven and Christopher Lee in six.[56]

Personal life

Burton was married to Lena Gieseke, a German-born artist. Their marriage ended in 1991 after four years.[57] He went on to live with model and actress Lisa Marie; she acted in the films he made during their relationship from 1992 to 2001, most notably in Ed Wood and Mars Attacks!. Burton developed a romantic relationship with English actress Helena Bonham Carter, whom he met while filming Planet of the Apes. Marie responded in 2005 by holding an auction of personal belongings that Burton had left behind, much to his dismay.[58]

Burton and Bonham Carter have two children: a son, Billy Raymond, named after his and Bonham Carter's fathers, born in 2003; and a daughter, Nell, born in 2007.[59] Bonham Carter's representative said in December 2014 that she and Burton had broken up amicably earlier that year.[60]

On March 15, 2010, Burton received the insignia of Chevalier of Arts and Letters from then-Minister of Culture Frédéric Mitterrand.[61] The same year, he was the President of the Jury for the 63rd annual Cannes Film Festival, held from May 12 to 24 in Cannes, France.[62] On May 20, 2017, a Tim Burton-themed bar named "Beetle House LA" opened in Hollywood, California.[63]

Exhibitions

From November 22, 2009 to April 26, 2010, Burton had a retrospective at the MoMA in New York with over 700 "drawings, paintings, photographs, storyboards, moving-image works, puppets, maquettes, costumes and cinematic ephemera", including many from the filmmaker's personal collection.[64]

From MoMA, the "Tim Burton" exhibition traveled directly to Australian Centre for the Moving Image in Melbourne. Running from June 24 to October 10, 2010, the ACMI exhibition incorporated additional material from Burton's Alice in Wonderland, which was released in March 2010.[65]

"The Art of Tim Burton" was exhibited at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art from May 29 to October 31, 2011, in the Museum's Resnick Pavilion.[66] LACMA also featured six films of Tim Burton's idol, Vincent Price.[67]

"Tim Burton, the exhibition/Tim Burton, l'exposition" was exhibited at the Cinémathèque Française from March 7 to August 5, 2012, in Paris, France.[68] All Tim Burton's movies are programmed during the exhibition.

"Tim Burton at Seoul Museum of Art" was exhibited as a promotion of Hyundai Card at Seoul Museum of Art from December 12, 2012, to April 15, 2013, in Seoul, South Korea.[69] This exhibition featured 862 of his works including drawings, paintings, short films, sculptures, music and costumes that have been used in the making of his feature-length movies. The exhibition was divided into three parts: the first part, "Surviving Burbank", covered his younger years, from 1958 to 1976. The second, "Beautifying Burbank", covers 1977 to 1984, including his time with CalArts and Walt Disney. The last segment, "Beyond Burbank", covers 1985 onward.[70]

"Tim Burton and His World" was exhibited at the Stone Bell House from March 3 to August 8, 2014, in Prague, Czech Republic.[71] The exhibition later premiered at the Museu da Imagem e do Som in São Paulo, Brazil, on February 4, 2016, and lasted until June 5.[72] The exhibition later held in Artis Tree in Taikoo Place, Hong Kong, from 5 November 2016 to 23 January 2017.[73]

Awards

Academy Awards

Year Nominated work Category Result
2006 Corpse Bride Best Animated Feature Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Nominated

Golden Globe Awards

Year Nominated work Category Result
2008 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Best Director Nominated
Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Won
2011 Alice in Wonderland Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Best Animated Film Nominated

BAFTA Awards

British Academy of Film Awards
Year Nominated work Category Result
2004 Big Fish Best Direction Nominated
Best Film Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Best Animated Film Nominated
British Academy Children's Awards
Year Nominated work Category Result
2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Best Feature Film Nominated

Saturn Awards

Year Nominated work Category Result
1990 Beetlejuice Best Director Nominated
Edward Scissorhands Best Fantasy Film Nominated
1993 Batman Returns Best Fantasy Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
1994 The Nightmare Before Christmas Best Fantasy Film Won
1997 Mars Attacks! Best Director Nominated
2000 Sleepy Hollow Nominated
2006 Corpse Bride Best Animated Film Won
2008 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Best Director Nominated
2013 Frankenweenie Best Animated Film Won

Other awards

Emmy Award

Cannes Film Festival

National Board of Review Awards

  • (2008) Won – Best Director / Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street

Chicago Film Critics Association Awards

Producers Guild of America Awards

  • (2006) Nominated—Animated Motion Picture / Corpse Bride
  • (2008) Honored—Scream Awards: Scream Immortal Award, for his unique interpretation of horror and fantasy
  • (2009) Won—Best Producer / 9

64th Venice International Film Festival

Lacanian Psychoanalysis Prize

The Order of the Arts and Letters

  • (2010) Knighted by Culture Minister of France

Moscow International Film Festival

  • (2012) "Golden George" for his contribution to world cinema.

David di Donatello Awards

  • (2019) "Honorary David di Donatello"

Awards received by Burton films

Year Film Academy Awards BAFTA Awards Golden Globe Awards
Nominations Wins Nominations Wins Nominations Wins
1988 Beetlejuice 1 1 2
1989 Batman 1 1 6 1
1990 Edward Scissorhands 1 4 1 1
1992 Batman Returns 2 2
1993 The Nightmare Before Christmas 1 1
1994 Ed Wood 2 2 2 3 1
1996 James and the Giant Peach 1
1999 Sleepy Hollow 3 1 3 2
2001 Planet of the Apes 2
2003 Big Fish 1 7 4
2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory 1 4 1 1
Corpse Bride 1
2007 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street 3 1 2 4 2
2010 Alice in Wonderland 3 2 5 2 3
2012 Frankenweenie 1 1 1
2014 Big Eyes 2 3 1
Total 22 8 42 6 22 4

Reception

Critical, public and commercial reception to films Burton has directed as of April 2019.

Year Film Rotten Tomatoes[75] Metacritic[76] CinemaScore[77] Budget Box office[78]
1985 Pee-wee's Big Adventure 87% (45 reviews)
(7.8/10)
47 (14 reviews) N/A $7 million $40.9 million
(domestic)
1988 Beetlejuice 84% (55 reviews)
(7/10)
70 (18 reviews) B $15 million $73.7 million
(domestic)
1989 Batman 71% (70 reviews)
(6.6/10)
69 (21 reviews) A $35 million[79] $411.3 million
1990 Edward Scissorhands 90% (58 reviews)
(7.7/10)
74 (19 reviews) A– $20 million $86 million
1992 Batman Returns 80% (75 reviews)
(6.7/10)
68 (23 reviews) B $80 million[80] $266.8 million
1994 Ed Wood 92% (60 reviews)
(8/10)
70 (19 reviews) B+ $18 million[81] $5.9 million
(domestic)
1996 Mars Attacks! 53% (81 reviews)
(5.9/10)
52 (19 reviews) B $70 million $101.4 million
1999 Sleepy Hollow 68% (127 reviews)
(6.3/10)
65 (35 reviews) B– $100 million[82] $206.1 million
2001 Planet of the Apes 45% (156 reviews)
(5.5/10)
50 (34 reviews) B– $100 million[83] $362.2 million
2003 Big Fish 75% (217 reviews)
(7.2/10)
58 (42 reviews) B+ $70 million[84] $122.9 million
2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory 83% (221 reviews)
(7.2/10)
72 (40 reviews) A– $150 million[85] $475 million
2005 Corpse Bride 84% (188 reviews)
(7.2/10)
83 (35 reviews) B+ $40 million $117.2 million
2007 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street 86% (222 reviews)
(7.7/10)
83 (39 reviews) N/A $50 million[86] $152.5 million
2010 Alice in Wonderland 52% (262 reviews)
(5.7/10)
53 (38 reviews) A– $200 million[87] $1.02 billion
2012 Dark Shadows 37% (233 reviews)
(5.3/10)
55 (42 reviews) B– $150 million[88] $245.5 million
2012 Frankenweenie 87% (200 reviews)
(7.6/10)
74 (38 reviews) B+ $39 million[89] $81.5 million
2014 Big Eyes 72% (166 reviews)
(6.6/10)
62 (40 reviews) N/A $10 million $29.3 million
2016 Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children 65% (237 reviews)
(5.9/10)
57 (43 reviews) B+ $110 million[90] $295.3 million
2019 Dumbo 47% (315 reviews)
(5.6/10)
51 (50 reviews) A- $170 million[91] $309.6 million[92]

Books

  • Burton on Burton, edited by Mark Salisbury (1995, revised editions 2000, 2006)
  • The Melancholy Death of Oyster Boy & Other Stories (1997)
  • The Art of Tim Burton, written by Leah Gallo (2009)
  • The Napkin Art of Tim Burton: Things You Think About in a Bar, edited by Holly Kempf and Leah Gallo (2015)

References

  1. ^ Tim Burton's middle name is cited as Walter by the Museum of Modern Art on its web appearance for a 2009 exhibition on Burton's artwork and a book covering Burton's career as an artist and filmmaker, though it is cited as William by other sources, such as the Tim Burton Collective Archived December 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Morgenstern, Joe (April 9, 1989). "Tim Burton, Batman and The Joker". NYTimes.com. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  3. ^ Gray, Sadie. "Tim+Burton". The Times. London. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  4. ^ Alison McMahan (2005). "The Films of Tim Burton: Animating Live Action in Contemporary Hollywood". p.27. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005
  5. ^ a b Kashner, Sam (2014). "The Class That Roared". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  6. ^ "Tim Burton's early short: 'King and Octopus' Clip". YouTube. December 5, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  7. ^ "Is the Tim Burton Exhibition at LACMA for Kids?". museumstories.com. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  8. ^ "Exhibit covers Tim Burton's career as filmmaker and artist". Orange County Register. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  9. ^ "Tim Burton's 'nightmares' become hit museum exhibit". CNN. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  10. ^ Bovingdon, Edward (October 18, 2012). "Tim Burton: How Disney fired me". Yahoo! Inc.
  11. ^ Calamar, Gary. "Danny Elfman". The Open Road. KCRW.
  12. ^ Tim Burton, Burton on Burton: Revised Edition (London: Faber and Faber, 2006) 71.
  13. ^ EviLQuicK (August 31, 2008), Edward Scissorhands - Hollywood Backstories - PART1, retrieved October 9, 2018
  14. ^ Biodrowski, Steve (October 24, 2000). "Edward Scissorhands – Film & DVD Review". Cinefantastique Online. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  15. ^ "21 Things You Didn't Know About The Nightmare Before Christmas". October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  16. ^ "21 Things You Didn't Know About The Nightmare Before Christmas". December 3, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  17. ^ "James & the Giant Peach: Author & Summary | Study.com". Study.com. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  18. ^ "Watch The Killers' "Here With Me" video, directed by Tim Burton and starring Winona Ryder". Consequence of Sound. December 14, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  19. ^ "Tim Burton (i) – awards". Imdb.com. May 1, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  20. ^ "65th Annual Golden Globe awards". Imdb.com. May 1, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  21. ^ Graser, Marc (November 15, 2007). "Burton, Disney team on 3D films". Variety. Retrieved August 15, 2008.
  22. ^ "Alice in Wonderland—starring Johnny Depp?—to be filmed at National Trust house". The Daily Telegraph. London. August 22, 2008. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  23. ^ Nichols, Tristan (July 31, 2008). "Plymouth in Wonderland". The Herald.
  24. ^ Nichols, Tristan (August 21, 2008). "Historic house unveiled as location for Tim Burton's Alice film". The Herald.
  25. ^ Archerd, Army (April 17, 2008). "1958: Zanuck's Heaven visits Africa". Variety. Retrieved August 15, 2008.
  26. ^ McClintock, Pamela (February 20, 2008). "Disney unveils 2009 schedule". Variety. Retrieved August 15, 2008.
  27. ^ Donovan Longo (August 4, 2014). "'Alice in Wonderland: Through the Looking Glass' Begins Production; Johnny Depp, Tim Burton Return For Sequel!".
  28. ^ Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter – Movie Reviews – Rotten Tomatoes
  29. ^ Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More – Metacritic
  30. ^ Graser, Marc (November 15, 2007). "Burton, Disney team on 3D films". Variety. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
  31. ^ "Tim Burton: I Love All Monsters". October 11, 2012.
  32. ^ Russ Fischer (August 9, 2010) "Disney Sets 2012 Release Dates For ‘John Carter of Mars’ and ‘Frankenweenie’" – though this reference does not support anything in the article's text.
  33. ^ "Big Eyes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  34. ^ "'Big Eyes' Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  35. ^ CS (March 15, 2016). "Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children Trailer is Here!". comingsoon.net. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  36. ^ Gross, Edward (May 12, 2000). "SUPERMAN LIVES, Part 2: Writer Kevin Smith". Mania Movies. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
  37. ^ a b Hanke, Ken (1999). Tim Burton: An Unauthorized Biography of the Filmmaker. Renaissance Books. pp. 213–8. ISBN 1-58063-162-2.
  38. ^ Paul A. Woods (2007). Tim Burton: A Child's Garden of Nightmares. Plexus Publishing. p. 150. ISBN 0-85965-401-X.
  39. ^ Fred Topel (August 25, 2008). "Director Henry Selick Interview – The Nightmare Before Christmas". About.com. Retrieved September 27, 2008.
  40. ^ "News - Entertainment, Music, Movies, Celebrity". MTV.
  41. ^ Castro, Adam-Troy (December 14, 2012). "How possible is a sequel to Nightmare Before Christmas?". Blastr.
  42. ^ "'9′ Director Teaming With Valve for Post-Apocalyptic Animated Film, 'Deep'". Screenrant.com. June 11, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  43. ^ Arrant, Chris (August 6, 2012). "Director Shane Acker ("9"), Ireland's Brown Bag Films, Producer Gregory R. Little and Author J. Barton Mitchell Launch Animated Undersea Adventure Film "Deep"". Cartoon Brew.com. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  44. ^ Lesnick, Silas (February 20, 2013). "Shane Acker to Direct Beasts of Burden". Coming Soon. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  45. ^ Elisa Osegueda (February 23, 2010). "Exclusive Interview: Tim Burton Creates a Wonderland". Fandango.com. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
  46. ^ "Tim Burton Talks Dark Shadows, Frankenweenie, Maleficent and The Addams Family!". MTV Movies Blog.
  47. ^ Kit, Borys (May 16, 2011). "Tim Burton Won't Direct Disney's Maleficent". The Hollywood Reporter.
  48. ^ Nemiroff, Perri. "Tim Burton's Animated Addams Family Confirmed". Cinema Blend.
  49. ^ Debruge, Peter (July 17, 2013). "Illumination Chief Chris Meledandri Lines Up Originals for Universal". Variety.
  50. ^ "Exclusive: Tim Burton Developing Monsterpocalypse, Full Details Revealed – Exclusive: Tim Burton Developing Monsterpocalypse, Full Details Revealed – /Film". Slashfilm.com. July 19, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  51. ^ "JOSH BROLIN EXCITED TO PLAY 'FUNKY' HUNCHBACK OF NOTRE DAME". MTV. May 11, 2012.
  52. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (March 1, 2011). "How ugly will Josh Brolin's Hunchback of Notre Dame be?". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 1, 2018.
  53. ^ Brooks, Brian (July 20, 2012). "Beetlejuice 2 Possible Says Tim Burton". Movieline. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  54. ^ "Beetlejuice 2 Is Definitely Bringing This Character Back". December 15, 2014.
  55. ^ Alexander, Bryan (April 2, 2019). "Tim Burton's 'Beetlejuice' sequel is stuck in the afterlife waiting room". USA Today. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  56. ^ "Trivia". ranker.
  57. ^ Pringle, Gill (February 26, 2010). "Tim Burton: Boyhood traumas of a director". The Independent. UK. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  58. ^ Tim Burton Riled over Sale by Ex Lisa Marie by Stephen M. Silverman for People.com.
  59. ^ Norman, Pete (August 7, 2008). "Helena Bonham Carter Reveals Her 7-Month-Old's Name". People. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  60. ^ Chiu, Melody (December 23, 2014). "Helena Bonham Carter and Tim Burton Split". People. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  61. ^ "Burton receives the insignia of Chevalier of Arts and Letters from Minister of Culture, Frédéric Mitterrand". London: Daily Mail. March 17, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  62. ^ "Tim Burton, President of the Jury of the 63rd Festival de Cannes". Festival-cannes.com. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  63. ^ "Trivia". LA Magazine.
  64. ^ Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) web appearance for a 2009 exhibition on Tim Burton's art work.
  65. ^ Coslovich, Gabriella. "ACMI snares Tim Burton show for Winter Masterpieces, The Age, October 22, 2009.
  66. ^ "LACMA. Exhibitions: Tim Burton". Lacma.org. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  67. ^ "Vincent Price, Tim Burton, and LACMA | Unframed". unframed.lacma.org. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  68. ^ "Cinémathèque Française. Exhibitions: Tim Burton". Cinematheque.fr. March 2, 2012. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  69. ^  by 슈퍼시리즈. "[프로젝트 안내] 현대카드 컬처프로젝트 09 <팀 버튼 전> 티켓 안내". Superseries.kr. Retrieved January 7, 2013.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  70. ^ "Seoul Metropolitan Government – Seoul Museum of Art(SeMA)". Sema.seoul.go.kr. December 12, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  71. ^ "Tim Burton in Prague. The Stone Bell, Staroměstské square, Prague 1. Art Movement and City Gallery Prague".
  72. ^ "PROGRAMAÇÃO MIS - O Mundo de Tim Burton".
  73. ^ "乐虎―乐虎国际娱乐电子游戏―乐虎国际APP下载". Theworldoftimburton.hk. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  74. ^ Massat, Guy (July 11, 2010). "Lewis Caroll, Lacan et Tim Burton". Psychoanalyse-Paris. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
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  76. ^ "Tim Burton". Metacritic. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  77. ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  78. ^ "Tim Burton Movie Box office". boxofficemojo.com. Amazon.com. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  79. ^ "Batman (1989) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  80. ^ "Batman Returns (1992) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  81. ^ "Ed Wood (1994) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  82. ^ "Sleepy Hollow (1999) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  83. ^ "Planet of the Apes (2001) (2001) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  84. ^ "Big Fish (2003) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  85. ^ "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  86. ^ "Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  87. ^ "Alice in Wonderland (2010) (2010) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  88. ^ "Dark Shadows (2012) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  89. ^ "Frankenweenie (2012) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  90. ^ "Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (2016) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  91. ^ https://www.latimes.com/business/hollywood/la-fi-ct-box-office-dumbo-us-20190327-story.html
  92. ^ https://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=untitleddisneyfairytalela.htm

Further reading

  • Bassil-Morozow, Helena (2010): Tim Burton: The Monster and the Crowd. Routledge, London, ISBN 978-0-415-48971-3 Read Introduction at JungArena.com
  • Heger, Christian (2010): Mondbeglänzte Zaubernächte. Das Kino von Tim Burton. Schüren, Marburg, ISBN 978-3-89472-554-9 Read Excerpts at Libreka.de
  • Gallo, Leah (2009): The Art of Tim Burton. Steeles Publishing, Los Angeles, ISBN 978-1-935539-01-8
  • Magliozzi, Ron; He, Jenny (2009): Tim Burton. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, ISBN 978-0-87070-760-5
  • Lynette, Rachel (2006): Tim Burton, Filmmaker. KidHaven Press, San Diego, CA, ISBN 0-7377-3556-2
  • Page, Edwin (2006): Gothic Fantasy: The Films of Tim Burton. Marion Boyars Publishers, London, ISBN 0-7145-3132-4
  • Salisbury, Mark (2006): Burton on Burton. Revised Edition. Faber and Faber, London, ISBN 0-571-22926-3
  • Fraga, Kristian (2005): Tim Burton – Interviews. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson, MS, ISBN 1-57806-758-8
  • Odell, Colin; Le Blanc, Michelle (2005): Tim Burton. The Pocket Essentials, Harpenden 2005, ISBN 1-904048-45-5
  • McMahan, Alison (2005): The Films of Tim Burton: Animating Live Action in Contemporary Hollywood. Continuum, New York, ISBN 0-8264-1566-0 Read Chapter 3 at FilmsOfTimBurton.com
  • Smith, Jim; Matthews, J. Clive (2002): Tim Burton. Virgin, London, ISBN 0-7535-0682-3
  • Weinstock, Jeffrey Andrew, ed (2013). The Works of Tim Burton: Margins to Mainstream. New York: Palgrave. ISBN 978-1-137-37082-2
  • Woods, Paul A. (2002): Tim Burton: A Child's Garden of Nightmares. Plexus, London, ISBN 0-85965-310-2
  • Merschmann, Helmut (2000): Tim Burton: The Life and Films of a Visionary Director (translated by Michael Kane). Titan Books, London, ISBN 1-84023-208-0
  • Hanke, Ken (1999): Tim Burton: An Unauthorized Biography of the Filmmaker. Renaissance Books, Los Angeles, ISBN 1-58063-046-4

External links

Batman (1989 film)

Batman is a 1989 American superhero film directed by Tim Burton and produced by Jon Peters and Peter Guber, based on the DC Comics character of the same name. It is the first installment of Warner Bros.' initial Batman film series. The film stars Michael Keaton as Bruce Wayne / Batman, alongside Jack Nicholson, Kim Basinger, Robert Wuhl, Pat Hingle, Billy Dee Williams, Michael Gough and Jack Palance. The film takes place early in the title character's war on crime, and depicts a battle with his nemesis the Joker.

After Burton was hired as director in 1986, Steve Englehart and Julie Hickson wrote film treatments before Sam Hamm wrote the first screenplay. Batman was not greenlit until after the success of Burton's Beetlejuice (1988). Numerous A-list actors were considered for the role of Batman before Keaton was cast. Keaton's casting caused a controversy since, by 1988, he had become typecast as a comedic actor and many observers doubted he could portray a serious role. Nicholson accepted the role of the Joker under strict conditions that dictated top billing, a high salary, a portion of the box office profits and his own shooting schedule.

The tone and themes of the film were influenced in part by Alan Moore and Brian Bolland's The Killing Joke and Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns. The film primarily adapts the "Red Hood" origin story for the Joker, in which Batman creates the Joker by dropping him into Axis Chemical acid, resulting in his transformation into a psychopath, but it adds a unique twist in presenting him specifically as a gangster named Jack Napier. Filming took place at Pinewood Studios from October 1988 to January 1989. The budget escalated from $30 million to $48 million, while the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike forced Hamm to drop out. Warren Skaaren did rewrites. Additional uncredited drafts were done by Charles McKeown and Jonathan Gems.

Batman was a critical and financial success, earning over $400 million in box office totals. It was the fifth-highest-grossing film in history at the time of its release. The film received several Saturn Award nominations and a Golden Globe nomination, and won an Academy Award. It also inspired the equally successful Batman: The Animated Series, paving the way for the DC animated universe, and has influenced Hollywood's modern marketing and development techniques of the superhero film genre. Three sequels, Batman Returns, Batman Forever and Batman & Robin, were released on June 19, 1992, June 16, 1995, and June 20, 1997, respectively.

Batman Returns

Batman Returns is a 1992 American superhero film directed by Tim Burton, based on the DC Comics character Batman. It is a sequel to the 1989 film Batman and the second installment of Warner Bros. initial Batman film series, with Michael Keaton reprising the role of Bruce Wayne / Batman. The film, produced by Denise Di Novi and Burton, also stars Danny DeVito, Michelle Pfeiffer, Christopher Walken, Michael Gough, Pat Hingle, and Michael Murphy. In Batman Returns, Batman must prevent the Penguin from killing all of Gotham City's firstborn sons while dealing with Catwoman—Selina Kyle, the former secretary of Max Shreck—who seeks vengeance against Shreck for attempting to kill her to hide his own plans to bring the city under his control.

Burton originally did not want to direct another Batman film. Warner Bros. developed a script with Sam Hamm which had the Penguin and Catwoman going after hidden treasure. Burton agreed to return after they granted him more creative control and replaced Hamm with Daniel Waters. After a falling out, Waters was removed from the project and Wesley Strick was chosen to do an uncredited rewrite shortly before filming. This included normalizing dialogue, fleshing out the Penguin's motivations and master plan and removing scenes due to budget concerns. Strick continued working as the on-set writer all through filming, an early trailer credited Strick as co-screenwriter with Waters having sole story credit but after a dispute from Hamm he received no credit whatsoever. Annette Bening was originally cast as Catwoman but became pregnant and was replaced with Pfeiffer.

Batman Returns was released on June 19, 1992. It grossed $266.8 million worldwide on a budget of $80 million and received positive reviews. Critics praised its action sequences, performances, Danny Elfman's score, effects, and villains, although its dark tone was criticized. The film was nominated for two Academy Awards: Best Visual Effects and Best Makeup, as well as two BAFTA awards. A sequel, Batman Forever, was released in 1995, with Val Kilmer replacing Keaton as Batman.

Batman in film

The fictional superhero Batman, who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics, has appeared in various films since his inception. Created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger, the character first starred in two serial films in the 1940s: Batman and Batman and Robin. The character also appeared in the 1966 film Batman, which was a feature film adaptation of the 1960s Batman TV series starring Adam West and Burt Ward, who also starred in the film. Toward the end of the 1980s, the Warner Bros. studio began producing a series of feature films starring Batman, beginning with the 1989 film Batman, directed by Tim Burton and starring Michael Keaton. Burton and Keaton returned for the 1992 sequel Batman Returns, and in 1995, Joel Schumacher directed Batman Forever with Val Kilmer as Batman. Schumacher also directed the 1997 sequel Batman & Robin, which starred George Clooney. Batman & Robin was poorly received by both critics and fans, leading to the cancellation of Batman Unchained.Following the cancellation of two further film proposals, the franchise was rebooted in 2005 with Batman Begins, directed by Christopher Nolan and starring Christian Bale. Nolan returned to direct two further installments through the release of The Dark Knight in 2008 and The Dark Knight Rises in 2012, with Bale reprising his role in both films. Both sequels earned over $1 billion worldwide, making Batman the second film franchise to have two of its films earn more than $1 billion worldwide. Referred to as The Dark Knight Trilogy, the critical acclaim and commercial success of Nolan's films have been credited with restoring widespread popularity to the superhero, with the second installment considered one of the best superhero movies of all-time.

After Warner Bros. launched their own shared cinematic universe known as the DC Extended Universe in 2013, Ben Affleck was cast to portray Batman in the new expansive franchise, first appearing in 2016 with the Zack Snyder directed film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. The film would help begin a sequence of further DC Comics adaptations, including Justice League, a crossover film featuring other DC Comics characters, in 2017, and a stand-alone Batman film directed by Matt Reeves. Outside of the DCEU, Dante Pereira-Olson will appear as Bruce Wayne in the 2019 film Joker, directed by Todd Phillips.The series has grossed over $4.99 billion at the global box office, making it the eleventh highest-grossing film franchise of all time. Batman has also appeared in multiple animated films, both as a starring character and as an ensemble character. While most animated films were released direct-to-video, the 1993 animated feature Batman: Mask of the Phantasm, based on the 1990s Batman: The Animated Series, was released theatrically. Having earned a total of U.S. $2,407,708,129 the Batman series is the fifth-highest-grossing film series in North America.

Big Eyes

Big Eyes is a 2014 American biographical drama film directed by Tim Burton, written by Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski and starring Amy Adams and Christoph Waltz. The film is about the life of American artist Margaret Keane—famous for drawing portraits and paintings with big eyes. It follows the story of Margaret and her husband, Walter Keane, who took credit for Margaret's phenomenally successful and popular paintings in the 1950s and 1960s. It follows the lawsuit and trial between Margaret and Walter, after Margaret reveals she is the true artist behind the paintings.

Big Eyes had its world premiere in New York City on December 15, 2014 and was released on December 25, 2014 in the U.S. by The Weinstein Company. The film was met with positive reviews, praising the performances of both Adams and Waltz, with Adams winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical and was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role. Waltz was also nominated for a Golden Globe Award for his performance and Lana Del Rey received a Golden Globe nomination for the film's theme song "Big Eyes".

Big Fish

Big Fish is a 2003 American fantasy comedy-drama film based on the 1998 novel of the same name by Daniel Wallace. The film was directed by Tim Burton and stars Ewan McGregor, Albert Finney, Billy Crudup, Jessica Lange, and Marion Cotillard. Other roles are performed by Steve Buscemi, Helena Bonham Carter, Matthew McGrory, Alison Lohman, and Danny DeVito among others.

Edward Bloom (Finney), a former traveling salesman in the Southern United States with a gift for storytelling, is now confined to his deathbed. Will (Crudup), his estranged son, attempts to mend their relationship as Bloom relates tall tales of his eventful life as a young adult (portrayed by McGregor in the flashback scenes).

Screenwriter John August read a manuscript of the novel six months before it was published and convinced Columbia Pictures to acquire the rights. August began adapting the novel while producers negotiated with Steven Spielberg who planned to direct after finishing Minority Report (2002). Spielberg considered Jack Nicholson for the role of Edward Bloom, but eventually dropped the project to focus on Catch Me If You Can (2002). Tim Burton and Richard D. Zanuck took over after completing Planet of the Apes (2001) and brought Ewan McGregor and Albert Finney on board.

The film's theme of reconciliation between a dying father and his son had special significance for Burton, as his father had died in 2000 and his mother in 2002, a month before he signed on to direct. Big Fish was shot on location in Alabama in a series of fairy tale vignettes evoking the tone of a Southern Gothic fantasy. The film received award nominations in multiple film categories, including four Golden Globe Award nominations, seven nominations from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, two Saturn Award nominations, and an Oscar and a Grammy Award nomination for Danny Elfman's original score.

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (film)

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a 2005 musical fantasy film directed by Tim Burton and written by John August, based on the 1964 British novel of the same name by Roald Dahl. The film stars Johnny Depp as Willy Wonka and Freddie Highmore as Charlie Bucket, alongside David Kelly, Helena Bonham Carter, Noah Taylor, Missi Pyle, James Fox, Deep Roy and Christopher Lee. The storyline follows Charlie as he wins a contest along with four other children and is led by Wonka on a tour of his chocolate factory.

Development for a second adaptation of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (filmed previously as Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory in 1971) began in 1991, which resulted in Warner Bros. providing the Dahl Estate with total artistic control. Prior to Burton's involvement, directors such as Gary Ross, Rob Minkoff, Martin Scorsese and Tom Shadyac had been involved, while actors Bill Murray, Nicolas Cage, Jim Carrey, Michael Keaton, Brad Pitt, Will Smith, Adam Sandler, and many others, were either in discussion with or considered by the studio to play Wonka.

Burton immediately brought regular collaborators Depp and Danny Elfman aboard. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory represents the first time since The Nightmare Before Christmas that Elfman contributed to a film score using written songs and his vocals. Filming took place from June to December 2004 at Pinewood Studios in the United Kingdom. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was released to positive critical reception and was a box office success, grossing $475 million worldwide.

Colleen Atwood

Colleen Atwood (born September 25, 1948) is an American costume designer.

Atwood has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Costume Design twelve times, winning four times - for the films Chicago (2002), Memoirs of a Geisha (2005), Alice in Wonderland (2010), and Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (2016); the latter is the first Wizarding World film to win an Academy Award. She has collaborated several times with directors Tim Burton, Rob Marshall and Jonathan Demme.

Dark Shadows (film)

Dark Shadows is a 2012 American horror comedy film based on the gothic television soap opera of the same name. It was directed by Tim Burton and stars Johnny Depp, Michelle Pfeiffer, Helena Bonham Carter, Eva Green, Jackie Earle Haley, Jonny Lee Miller, Chloë Grace Moretz, and Bella Heathcote in a dual role. The film had a limited release on May 10, 2012, and was officially released the following day in the United States.The film performed disappointingly at the United States box office, but did well in foreign markets. The film received mixed reviews; critics praised its visual style and consistent humor but felt it lacked a focused or substantial plot and developed characters. The film was produced by Richard D. Zanuck, who died two months after its release. It featured the final appearance of original series actor Jonathan Frid, who died shortly before its release. It was the 200th film appearance of actor Christopher Lee, and his fifth appearance in a Burton film.

Dumbo (2019 film)

Dumbo is a 2019 American fantasy adventure film directed by Tim Burton, with a screenplay by Ehren Kruger. The film is inspired by Walt Disney's 1941 animated film of the same name, which was based on the novel by Helen Aberson and Harold Pear]. The film stars Colin Farrell, Michael Keaton, Danny DeVito, Eva Green, and Alan Arkin, and follows a family that works at a failing traveling circus as they encounter a baby elephant with extremely large ears who is capable of flying.

Plans for a live-action film adaptation of Dumbo were announced in 2014 and Burton was confirmed as director in March 2015. Much of the cast signed on in March 2017 and principal photography began in July of that year in England, lasting until November. It is the first of five live-action re-imaginings that Disney has slated for release in 2019, along with Aladdin, The Lion King and Lady and the Tramp.The film premiered in Los Angeles on March 11, 2019, and was theatrically released in the United States on March 29, 2019. The film has grossed over $309 million worldwide, and received mixed reviews from critics, who praised the performances of the cast and Burton's signature style but criticized the screenplay and "lack of heart" compared to the original, also saying it "didn't live up to its potential."

Edward Scissorhands

Edward Scissorhands is a 1990 American romantic dark fantasy film directed by Tim Burton, produced by Burton and Denise Di Novi, and written by Caroline Thompson from a story by her and Burton, starring Johnny Depp as an artificial man named Edward, an unfinished creation who has scissor blades instead of hands. The young man is taken in by a suburban family and falls in love with their infant daughter Kim (Winona Ryder). Additional roles were played by Dianne Wiest, Anthony Michael Hall, Kathy Baker, Vincent Price, and Alan Arkin.

Burton conceived Edward Scissorhands from his childhood upbringing in suburban Burbank, California. During pre-production of Beetlejuice, Caroline Thompson was hired to adapt Burton's story into a screenplay, and the film began development at 20th Century Fox, after Warner Bros. declined. Edward Scissorhands was then fast tracked after Burton's critical and financial success with Batman. The majority of filming took place in Lutz, Florida between March 10 and June 10, 1990. The film also marks the fourth collaboration between Burton and film score composer Danny Elfman. The leading role of Edward had been connected to several actors prior to Depp's casting: a meeting between Burton and the preferred choice of the studio, Tom Cruise, was not fruitful, and Tom Hanks and Gary Oldman turned down the part. The character of The Inventor was devised specifically for Vincent Price, and would be his last major role. Edward's scissor hands were created and designed by Stan Winston.

Edward Scissorhands was released to positive feedback from critics, and was a financial success. The film received numerous nominations at the Academy Awards, British Academy Film Awards, and the Saturn Awards, as well as winning the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation. Both Burton and Elfman consider Edward Scissorhands their most personal and favorite work.

Frankenweenie (1984 film)

Frankenweenie is a 1984 Tim Burton-directed short film produced by Walt Disney Pictures and co-written by Burton with Leonard Ripps. It is both a parody and homage to the 1931 film Frankenstein based on Mary Shelley's novel of the same name. It was filmed in 1983. 28 years later, Burton decided to work on a stop-motion 2012 remake of that film.

Frankenweenie (2012 film)

Frankenweenie is a 2012 American 3D stop-motion-animated fantasy horror comedy film directed by Tim Burton and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. It is a remake of Burton's 1984 short film of the same name and is a parody of and a homage to the 1931 film Frankenstein based on Mary Shelley's book of the same name. The voice cast includes four actors who worked with Burton on previous films: Winona Ryder (Beetlejuice and Edward Scissorhands); Martin Short (Mars Attacks!); Catherine O'Hara (Beetlejuice and The Nightmare Before Christmas); and Martin Landau (Ed Wood and Sleepy Hollow), along with some new voice actors, such as Charlie Tahan and Atticus Shaffer.

Frankenweenie is in black and white. It is also the fourth stop-motion film produced by Burton and the first of those four that is not a musical. In the film, a boy named Victor loses his dog, a Bull Terrier named Sparky, and uses the power of electricity to resurrect him — but is then blackmailed by his peers into revealing how they too can reanimate their deceased past pets and other creatures, resulting in mayhem. The tongue-in-cheek film contains numerous references and parodies related to the book, past film versions of the book and other literary classics. It also features scenes from some of Burtons movies he directed. In one scene it shows a burning windmill that was in his movie version of Sleepy Hollow.

Frankenweenie, the first black-and-white feature film and the first stop-motion film to be released in IMAX 3D, was released on October 5, 2012 and met with positive reviews and moderate box office sales. The film won the Saturn Award for Best Animated Film and was nominated for an Academy Award; a Golden Globe; a BAFTA; and an Annie Award for Best Film in each respective animated category.

Mars Attacks!

Mars Attacks! is a 1996 American comic science fiction film directed by Tim Burton, who also co-produced it with Larry J. Franco. The screenplay, which was based on the cult trading card series of the same name, was written by Jonathan Gems. The film features an ensemble cast consisting of Jack Nicholson (in a dual role), Glenn Close, Annette Bening, Pierce Brosnan, Danny DeVito, Martin Short, Jack Black, Sarah Jessica Parker, Michael J. Fox, Rod Steiger, Pam Grier, Ray J, Tom Jones, Lukas Haas, Natalie Portman, Jim Brown, Joe Don Baker, Lisa Marie Smith, Brandon Hammond and Sylvia Sidney.

Alex Cox had tried to make a Mars Attacks film in the 1980s before Burton and Gems began development in 1993. When Gems turned in his first draft in 1994, Warner Bros. commissioned rewrites from Gems, Burton, Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski in an attempt to lower the budget to $60 million. The final production budget came to $80 million, while Warner Bros. spent another $20 million on the Mars Attacks! marketing campaign. Filming took place from February to November 1996. The film was shot in California, Nevada, Kansas, Arizona and Argentina.

The filmmakers hired Industrial Light & Magic to create the Martians using computer animation after their previous plan to use stop motion animation, supervised by Barry Purves, fell through because of budget limitations. Mars Attacks! was released theatrically by Warner Bros. Pictures in the United States on December 13, 1996 and received mixed reviews from critics. The film is now considered a cult film. The film grossed approximately $101 million in box office totals, which was seen as a disappointment at the time. Mars Attacks! was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation and earned multiple nominations at the Saturn Awards.

Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (film)

Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children is a 2016 fantasy film directed by Tim Burton and written by Jane Goldman, based on the 2011 novel of the same name by Ransom Riggs. The film stars Eva Green, Asa Butterfield, Chris O'Dowd, Allison Janney, Rupert Everett, Terence Stamp, Ella Purnell, Judi Dench, and Samuel L. Jackson.

Filming began in February 2015 in London and the Tampa Bay Area. The film premiered at Fantastic Fest in Austin, Texas, on September 25, 2016, and was theatrically released in the United States on September 30, 2016, by 20th Century Fox. It grossed $296 million worldwide against a production budget of $110 million.

Pee-wee's Big Adventure

Pee-wee's Big Adventure is a 1985 American adventure comedy film directed by Tim Burton in his full-length film directing debut and starring Paul Reubens as Pee-wee Herman with supporting roles provided by Elizabeth Daily, Mark Holton, Diane Salinger, and Judd Omen. Reubens also co-wrote the script with Phil Hartman and Michael Varhol. Described as a "parody" or "farce version" of the 1948 Italian classic Bicycle Thieves, it is the tale of Pee-wee Herman's nationwide search for his stolen bicycle.

After the success of The Pee-wee Herman Show, Reubens began writing the script to Pee-wee's Big Adventure when he was hired by Warner Bros.. The producers and Reubens hired Burton to direct when they were impressed with his work on Vincent and Frankenweenie. Filming took place in both California and Texas.

The film was released on August 9, 1985, grossing over $40 million in North America. It eventually developed into a cult film and has since accumulated positive feedback. The film was nominated for a Young Artist Award and spawned two sequels, Big Top Pee-wee (1988) and Pee-wee's Big Holiday (2016). Its financial success, followed by the equally successful Beetlejuice in 1988, prompted Warner Bros. to hire Burton as the director for the 1989 film Batman.

Skellington Productions

Skellington Productions was a company that was a joint venture between Walt Disney Feature Animation and directors Henry Selick and Tim Burton. The company specialized in stop motion animation and made use of the art in its two films.

The Nightmare Before Christmas

The Nightmare Before Christmas (also known as Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas) is a 1993 American stop-motion animated musical dark fantasy Halloween-Christmas film directed by Henry Selick, and produced and conceived by Tim Burton. It tells the story of Jack Skellington, the King of "Halloween Town" who stumbles through a portal to "Christmas Town" and decides to celebrate the holiday. Danny Elfman wrote the songs and score, and provided the singing voice of Jack. The principal voice cast also includes Chris Sarandon, Catherine O'Hara, William Hickey, Ken Page, Paul Reubens, Glenn Shadix, and Ed Ivory.

The Nightmare Before Christmas originated in a poem written by Burton in 1982 while he was working as an animator at Walt Disney Feature Animation. With the success of Vincent in the same year, Burton began to consider developing The Nightmare Before Christmas as either a short film or 30-minute television special to no avail. Over the years, Burton's thoughts regularly returned to the project, and in 1990, he made a development deal with Walt Disney Studios. Production started in July 1991 in San Francisco; Disney released the film through Touchstone Pictures because the studio believed the film would be "too dark and scary for kids".The film was met with both critical and financial success, grossing over $76 million during its initial run. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, a first for an animated film. The film has since been reissued by Walt Disney Pictures, and was re-released annually in Disney Digital 3-D from 2006 until 2009, making it the first stop-motion animated feature to be entirely converted to 3D.

Tim Burton filmography

Tim Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an American film director, producer, artist, writer, animator, puppeteer, and actor. He is best known for his dark, gothic, and eccentric horror and fantasy films.

Tim Burton
Directorial
works
Produced only
Literature
Television series
[Oscars]]
1946–1975
1975–2000
2001–present

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