Tiger Woods

Eldrick Tont "Tiger" Woods (born December 30, 1975) is an American professional golfer who is generally considered one of the greatest golfers of all time.[5][6][7]

Following an outstanding junior, college, and amateur golfing career, Woods turned professional in 1996 at the age of 20. By the end of April 1997, he had won three PGA Tour events in addition to his first major, the 1997 Masters. Woods won the 1997 Masters by 12 strokes in a record-breaking performance. He first reached the number one position in the world rankings in June 1997, less than a year after turning pro. Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, Woods was the dominant force in golf; he was the top-ranked golfer in the world from August 1999 to September 2004 (264 weeks) and again from June 2005 to October 2010 (281 weeks).

Woods took a self-imposed hiatus from professional golf from December 2009 to early April 2010 in a vain attempt to resolve marital issues with his estranged wife Elin. The couple eventually divorced. His many alleged extramarital indiscretions were revealed by several women through worldwide media sources.[8] Woods's personal problems coincided with a series of injuries, treatments by the controversial doctor Anthony Galea (who has been linked to performance-enhancing drugs),[9] and a loss of golf form. His placement in the Official World Golf Rankings fell to No. 58 in November 2011.[10][11]

Woods ended a career-high winless streak of 107 weeks when he triumphed in the Chevron World Challenge in December 2011.[11] After winning the Arnold Palmer Invitational on March 25, 2013, he ascended to the No. 1 ranking once again, holding the top spot until May 2014; by that time, he had been ranked number one for a record lifetime total of 683 weeks. From 2014 to 2017, Woods was unable to recapture his dominant form, undergoing four back surgeries in 2014, 2015 and 2017.[12] After falling to no. 1199 in the World Golf Ranking in December 2017, Woods's ranking improved more than 1,000 places by mid-2018.[13][14] In September 2018, he won his first tournament in five years with a victory at the Tour Championship and moved to #13 in the Official World Golf Rankings.

Woods has broken numerous golf records. He has been World Number One for the most consecutive weeks and for the greatest total number of weeks of any golfer. He has been awarded PGA Player of the Year a record eleven times[15] and has won the Byron Nelson Award for lowest adjusted scoring average a record eight times. Woods has the record of leading the money list in ten different seasons. He has won 14 professional major golf championships (trailing only Jack Nicklaus who leads with 18, on the all-time list) and 80 PGA Tour events (second all-time behind Sam Snead, who won 82.[16] Woods leads all active golfers in career major wins and career PGA Tour wins. He is the youngest player to achieve the career Grand Slam, and is only the second golfer (after Nicklaus) to have achieved a career Grand Slam three times. Woods has won 18 World Golf Championships.

Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods 2018
Woods in June 2018
Personal information
Full nameEldrick Tont Woods
NicknameTiger
BornDecember 30, 1975 (age 43)
Cypress, California
Height6 ft 1 in (185 cm)[1]
Weight185 lb (84 kg)[1]
Nationality United States
ResidenceJupiter Island, Florida
Spouse
Elin Nordegren
(m. 2004; div. 2010)
Children2
Career
CollegeStanford University
(did not graduate)
Turned professional1996
Current tour(s)PGA Tour (joined 1996)
Professional wins107[2]
Number of wins by tour
PGA Tour80 (2nd all time)
European Tour40 (3rd all time)[3][4]
Japan Golf Tour2
Asian Tour1
PGA Tour of Australasia1
Other16
Best results in major championships
(wins: 14)
Masters TournamentWon: 1997, 2001, 2002, 2005
U.S. OpenWon: 2000, 2002, 2008
The Open ChampionshipWon: 2000, 2005, 2006
PGA ChampionshipWon: 1999, 2000, 2006, 2007
Achievements and awards
PGA Tour
Rookie of the Year
1996
PGA Player of the Year1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013
PGA Tour
Player of the Year
1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013
PGA Tour
leading money winner
1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013
Vardon Trophy1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2013
Byron Nelson Award1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
FedEx Cup Champion2007, 2009
(For a full list of awards, see here)

Background and family

Tiger and Earl Woods Fort Bragg 2004
Woods and his father Earl at Fort Bragg, North Carolina in 2004

Woods was born in 1975 in Cypress, California,[17] to Earl[18] and Kultida "Tida" Woods.[19] He is the only child of their marriage, and has two half-brothers, Earl Jr. and Kevin, as well as a half-sister named Royce from his father's first marriage.[20]

Kultida (née Punsawad) is originally from Thailand, where Earl had met her on a tour of duty in 1968. She is of mixed Thai, Chinese, and Dutch ancestry.[21] Earl was a retired lieutenant colonel and Vietnam War veteran who was mostly African American with traces of European descent. Earl's mother Maude Carter was light skinned. Some people suggested that she had Native American and Chinese ancestry.[22] Tiger refers to his ethnic make-up as "Cablinasian" (a syllabic abbreviation he coined from Caucasian, Black, American Indian, and Asian).[23]

Woods' first name—Eldrick—was coined by his mother because it began with "E" (for Earl) and ended with "K" (for Kultida). His middle name Tont is a traditional Thai name. He was nicknamed Tiger in honor of his father's friend Col. Vuong Dang Phong, who had also been known as Tiger.[24]

Woods' niece, Cheyenne Woods, played for the Wake Forest University golf team and turned professional in 2012, when she made her pro debut in the LPGA Championship.[25]

Early life and amateur golf career

Woods grew up in Orange County, California. He was a child prodigy who was introduced to golf before the age of two by his athletic father, Earl Woods. Earl was a single-digit handicap amateur golfer who also was one of the earliest African-American college baseball players at Kansas State University.[26] Tiger's father was a member of the military and had playing privileges at the Navy golf course beside the Joint Forces Training Base in Los Alamitos, which allowed Tiger to play there. Tiger also played at the par 3 Heartwell golf course in Long Beach, as well as some of the municipals in Long Beach.[27]

In 1978, Tiger putted against comedian Bob Hope in a television appearance on The Mike Douglas Show. At age three, he shot a 48 over nine holes at the Navy course. At age five, he appeared in Golf Digest and on ABC's That's Incredible![28] Before turning seven, Tiger won the Under Age 10 section of the Drive, Pitch, and Putt competition, held at the Navy Golf Course in Cypress, California.[29] In 1984 at the age of eight, he won the 9–10 boys' event, the youngest age group available, at the Junior World Golf Championships.[30] He first broke 80 at age eight.[31] He went on to win the Junior World Championships six times, including four consecutive wins from 1988 to 1991.[32][33][34][35][36]

Woods' father Earl wrote that Tiger first defeated him at the age of 11 years, with Earl trying his best. Earl lost to Tiger every time from then on.[37][38] Woods first broke 70 on a regulation golf course at age 12.[39]

When Woods was 13 years old, he played in the 1989 Big I, which was his first major national junior tournament. In the final round, he was paired with pro John Daly, who was then relatively unknown. The event's format placed a professional with each group of juniors who had qualified. Daly birdied three of the last four holes to beat Woods by only one stroke.[40] As a young teenager, Woods first met Jack Nicklaus in Los Angeles at the Bel-Air Country Club, when Nicklaus was performing a clinic for the club's members. Woods was part of the show, and he impressed Nicklaus and the crowd with his skills and potential.[41] Earl Woods had researched in detail the career accomplishments of Nicklaus and had set his young son the goals of breaking those records.[39]

Woods was 15-years-old and a student at Western High School in Anaheim when he became the youngest U.S. Junior Amateur champion; this was a record that stood until it was broken by Jim Liu in 2010.[42] He was named 1991's Southern California Amateur Player of the Year (for the second consecutive year) and Golf Digest Junior Amateur Player of the Year. In 1992, he defended his title at the U.S. Junior Amateur Championship, becoming the tournament's first two-time winner. He also competed in his first PGA Tour event, the Nissan Los Angeles Open (he missed the 36-hole cut), and was named Golf Digest Amateur Player of the Year, Golf World Player of the Year, and Golfweek National Amateur of the Year.[43][44]

The following year, Woods won his third consecutive U.S. Junior Amateur Championship; he remains the event's only three-time winner.[45] In 1994, at the TPC at Sawgrass in Florida, he became the youngest winner of the U.S. Amateur Championship, a record he held until 2008 when it was broken by Danny Lee.[46] He was a member of the American team at the 1994 Eisenhower Trophy World Amateur Golf Team Championships (winning), and the 1995 Walker Cup (losing).[47][48]

Woods graduated from Western High School at age 18 in 1994 and was voted "Most Likely to Succeed" among the graduating class. He had starred for the high school's golf team under coach Don Crosby.[49]

Woods overcame difficulties with stuttering as a boy.[50][51][52] This was not known until he wrote a letter to a boy who contemplated suicide. Woods wrote, "I know what it's like to be different and to sometimes not fit in. I also stuttered as a child and I would talk to my dog and he would sit there and listen until he fell asleep. I also took a class for two years to help me, and I finally learned to stop."[53]

College golf career

Woods was heavily recruited by college golf powers. He chose Stanford University, the 1994 NCAA champions. He enrolled at Stanford in the fall of 1994 under a golf scholarship and won his first collegiate event, the 40th Annual William H. Tucker Invitational, that September.[54] He selected a major in economics and was nicknamed "Urkel" by college teammate Notah Begay III.[55] In 1995, he successfully defended his U.S. Amateur title at the Newport Country Club in Rhode Island[46] and was voted Pac-10 Player of the Year, NCAA First Team All-American, and Stanford's Male Freshman of the Year (an award that encompasses all sports).[56][57]

At age 19 (two years before he won the tournament), Woods participated in his first PGA Tour major, the 1995 Masters, and tied for 41st as the only amateur to make the cut. At age 20 in 1996, he became the first golfer to win three consecutive U.S. Amateur titles[58] and won the NCAA individual golf championship.[59] In winning the silver medal as leading amateur at The Open Championship, he tied the record for an amateur aggregate score of 281.[60] He left college after two years in order to turn professional in the golf industry. In 1996, Woods moved out of California, stating in 2013 that it was due to the state's high tax rate.[61][62]

Professional career

Tiger Woods 2005
Woods in 2001

Woods turned pro at age 20 in August 1996 and immediately signed advertising deals with Nike, Inc. and Titleist that ranked as the most lucrative endorsement contracts in golf history at that time.[63][64] Woods was named Sports Illustrated's 1996 Sportsman of the Year and PGA Tour Rookie of the Year.[65] On April 13, 1997, he won his first major, the Masters, in record-breaking fashion and became the tournament's youngest winner at age 21.[66] Two months later, he set the record for the fastest ascent to No. 1 in the Official World Golf Rankings.[67] After a lackluster 1998, Woods finished the 1999 season with eight wins, including the PGA Championship, a feat not achieved since Johnny Miller did it in 1974.[68][69]

In 2000, Woods won six consecutive events on the PGA Tour, which was the longest winning streak since Ben Hogan did it in 1948. One of these was the 2000 U.S. Open, where he broke or tied nine tournament records in what Sports Illustrated called "the greatest performance in golf history", in which Woods won the tournament by a record 15-stroke margin and earned a check for $800,000.[70] At age 24, he became the youngest golfer to achieve the Career Grand Slam.[71] At the end of 2000, Woods had won nine of the twenty PGA Tour events he entered and had broken the record for lowest scoring average in tour history. He was named the Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year, the only athlete to be honored twice, and was ranked by Golf Digest magazine as the twelfth-best golfer of all time.[72][73]

TigerWoods2004RyderCup1
Woods at the 2004 Ryder Cup

When Woods won the 2001 Masters, he became the only player to win four consecutive major professional golf titles, although not in the same calendar year.[74] Following a stellar 2001 and 2002 in which Woods continued to dominate the tour, Woods' career hit a slump.[68][75] He did not win a major in 2003 or 2004. In September 2004, Vijay Singh overtook Woods in the Official World Golf Rankings, ending Woods' record streak of 264 weeks at #1.[76]

Woods rebounded in 2005, winning six official PGA Tour money events and reclaiming the top spot in July after swapping it back and forth with Singh over the first half of the year.[77]

Woods began dominantly in 2006, winning his first two PGA tournaments but failing to capture his fifth Masters championship in April.[78][79] Following the death of his father in May, Woods took some time off from the tour and appeared rusty upon his return at the U.S. Open at Winged Foot, where he missed the cut.[80] However, he quickly returned to form and ended the year by winning six consecutive tour events. At the season's close, Woods had 54 total wins that included 12 majors; he had broken the tour records for both total wins and total majors wins over eleven seasons.[81]

Tiger Woods Masters 2006
Woods at the 2006 Masters

Woods continued to excel in 2007 and the first part of 2008. In April 2008, he underwent knee surgery and missed the next two months on the tour.[82] Woods returned for the 2008 U.S. Open, where he struggled the first day but ultimately claimed a dramatic sudden death victory over Rocco Mediate that followed an 18-hole playoff, after which Mediate said, "This guy does things that are just not normal by any stretch of the imagination," and Kenny Perry added, "He beat everybody on one leg."[83][84][85] Two days later, Woods announced that he would miss the remainder of the season due to additional knee surgery, and that his knee was more severely damaged than previously revealed, prompting even greater praise for his U.S. Open performance. Woods called it "my greatest ever championship."[86][87][88] In Woods' absence, TV ratings for the remainder of the season suffered a huge decline from 2007.[89]

Tiger Woods - AT&T National tournament 2009
Woods competing at the third annual Earl Woods Memorial Pro-Am (July 1, 2009)

Woods had a much anticipated return to golf in 2009, when he performed well. His comeback included a spectacular performance at the 2009 Presidents Cup, but he failed to win a major, the first year since 2004 that he had not done so.[90][91][92] After his marital infidelities came to light and received massive media coverage at the end of 2009 (see further details below), Woods announced in December that he would be taking an indefinite break from competitive golf.[8] In February 2010, he delivered a televised apology for his behavior, saying "I was wrong and I was foolish."[93] During this period, several companies ended their endorsement deals with Woods.[94]

Woods returned to competition in April at the 2010 Masters, where he finished tied for fourth place.[95] He followed the Masters with poor showings at the Quail Hollow Championship and the Players Championship, where he withdrew in the fourth round, citing injury.[96] Shortly afterward, Hank Haney, Woods' coach since 2003, resigned the position. In August, Woods hired Sean Foley as Haney's replacement. The rest of the season went badly for Woods, who failed to win a single event for the first time since turning professional, while nevertheless finishing the season ranked No. 2 in the world.

TigerWoodsOct2011
Woods at a Chevron World Challenge charity event (2011)

In 2011, Woods' performance continued to suffer; this took its toll on his ranking. After falling to No. 7 in March, he rebounded to No. 5 with a strong showing at the 2011 Masters Tournament, where he tied for fourth place.[97][98][99] Due to leg injuries incurred at the Masters, he missed several summer stops on the PGA Tour. In July, he fired his longtime caddy Steve Williams (who was shocked by the dismissal), and replaced him on an interim basis with friend Bryon Bell.[100][101] After returning to tournament play in August, Woods continued to falter, and his ranking gradually fell to a low of #58.[11] He rose to No. 50 in mid-November after a third-place finish at the Emirates Australian Open, and broke his winless streak with a victory at December's Chevron World Challenge.[11][102]

Woods began his 2012 season with two tournaments (the Abu Dhabi HSBC Golf Championship and the AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am) where he started off well, but struggled on the final rounds. Following the WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship, where he was knocked out in the second round by missing a 5-foot putt,[103] Woods revised his putting technique and tied for second at the Honda Classic, with the lowest final round score in his PGA Tour career. After a short time off due to another leg injury, Woods won the Arnold Palmer Invitational, his first win on the PGA Tour since the BMW Championship in September 2009. Following several dismal performances, Woods notched his 73rd PGA Tour win at the Memorial Tournament in June, tying Jack Nicklaus in second place for most PGA Tour victories;[104] a month later, Woods surpassed Nicklaus with a win at the AT&T National, to trail only Sam Snead, who accumulated 82 PGA tour wins.[105]

The year 2013 would bring a return of Woods' dominating play. In January, he won the Farmers Insurance Open by four shots for his 75th PGA Tour win. It was the seventh time he had won the event.[106] In March, he won the WGC-Cadillac Championship, also for the seventh time, giving him his 17th WGC title and first since 2009.[107] Two weeks later, he won the Arnold Palmer Invitational, winning the event for a record-tying 8th time. The win moved him back to the top of the world rankings.[108] To commemorate that achievement, Nike was quick to launch an ad with the tagline "winning takes care of everything".[109]

During the 2013 Masters, Woods faced disqualification after unwittingly admitting in a post-round interview with ESPN that he had taken an illegal drop on the par-5 15th hole when his third shot had bounced off the pin and into the water. After further review of television footage, Woods was assessed a two-stroke penalty for the drop but was not disqualified.[110] He finished tied for fourth in the event. Woods won The Players Championship in May 2013, his second career win at the event, notching his fourth win of the 2013 season. It was the quickest he had gotten to four wins in any season in his professional career.

Tiger Woods 2014
Woods practicing in a bunker before the 2014 Quicken Loans National

Woods had a poor showing at the 2013 U.S Open as a result of an elbow injury sustained at The Players Championship. In finishing at 13-over-par, he recorded his worst score as a professional and finished 12 strokes behind winner Justin Rose. After a prolonged break because of the injury, during which he missed the Greenbrier Classic and his own AT&T National, he returned at the Open Championship at Muirfield. Despite being in contention all week and beginning the final round only two strokes behind Lee Westwood, he struggled with the speed of the greens and could only manage a 3-over-par 74 that left him tied for 6th place, five strokes behind eventual winner Phil Mickelson. Two weeks later, Woods returned to form at the WGC-Bridgestone Invitational, recording his 5th win of the season and 8th win at the event in its 15-year history. His second round 61 matched his record score on the PGA Tour and could easily have been a 59 were it not for some short missed birdie putts on the closing holes. This gave him a seven-stroke lead that he held onto for the rest of the tournament. Woods would never contend at the PGA Championship at Oak Hill Country Club and would come short of winning a major for the 5th full season, only contending in two of the four majors in 2013.

After a slow start to 2014, Woods injured himself during the final round of the Honda Classic and was unable to finish the tournament. He withdrew after the 13th hole, citing back pain.[111] He subsequently competed in the WGC-Cadillac Championship but was visibly in pain during much of the last round. He was forced to skip the Arnold Palmer Invitational at the end of March 2014,[112] and after undergoing back surgery, he announced on April 1 that he would miss the Masters for the first time since 1994.[113] Woods returned at the Quicken Loans National in June, however he stated that his expectations for the week were low. He would struggle with nearly every aspect of his game and miss the cut. He next played at The Open Championship, contested at Hoylake, where Woods had won eight years prior. Woods fired a brilliant 69 in the first round to put himself in contention, but shot 77 on Friday and would eventually finish 69th. Despite his back pain, he played at the 2014 PGA Championship where he failed to make the cut. On August 25, 2014, Woods and his swing coach Sean Foley parted ways. In the four years under Foley, he won eight times but no majors. He had previously won eight majors with Harmon and six with Haney. Woods said there is currently no timetable to find a replacement swing coach.[114]

On February 5, 2015, Woods withdrew from the Farmers Insurance Open after another back injury.[115] Woods stated on his website that it was unrelated to his previous surgery and he would take a break from golf until his back healed.[116] He returned for the Masters, finishing in a tie for 17th. In the final round, Woods injured his wrist after his club hit a tree root. He later stated that a bone popped out of his wrist, but he adjusted it back into place and finished the round.[117] Woods then missed the cut at the 2015 U.S. Open and Open Championship, the first time Woods missed the cut at consecutive majors, finishing near the bottom of the leaderboard both times.[118][119] He finished tied for 18th at the Quicken Loans National on August 2.[120] In late August 2015, Woods played quite well at the Wyndham Championship finishing the tournament at 13-under, only four strokes behind the winner, and tied for 10th place.[121] Woods offered only a brief comment on the speculation that he was still recovering from back surgery, saying it was "just my hip" but offering no specifics.[122]

Tiger Woods 2018 US Open 26
Woods practicing a chip-shot at the 2018 U.S. Open

Woods had back surgery on September 16, 2015. In late March 2016, he announced that he would miss the Masters while he recovered from the surgery;[123] he had also missed the 2014 Masters due to a back problem.[124] "I'm absolutely making progress, and I'm really happy with how far I've come," he explained in a statement. "But I still have no timetable to return to competitive golf."[125] However, he did attend the Masters Champions Dinner on April 5, 2016.[126] For the first time in his career, he missed all four majors in one year due to problems with his back. In October 2016, he told Charlie Rose on PBS that he still wanted to break Jack Nicklaus's record of 18 major titles.[127] Woods underwent back surgery in December 2016 and spent the next 15 months off the Tour. He made his return to competitive golf in the Hero World Challenge.[128]

Woods' back problems continued to hinder him in 2017, as he missed the cut at the Farmers Insurance Open in January, and pulled out of a European Tour event in Dubai on February 3. On March 31, Woods announced on his website that he would not be playing in the 2017 Masters Tournament despite being cleared to play by his doctors. Woods said that although he was happy with his rehabilitation, he did not feel "tournament ready."[129][130] On April 20, Woods announced that he had undergone his fourth back surgery since 2014 to alleviate back and leg pain. Recovery time required up to six months, meaning that Woods would spend the rest of the year without playing any professional golf.[131][132] Woods returned to competitive golf at the Hero World Challenge in the Bahamas. He shot rounds of 69-68-75-68 and finished tied for 9th place. His world ranking went from 1,199th to 668th, which was the biggest jump in the world rankings in his career.

On Sunday, March 11, 2018, he finished one-shot back and tied for second at the Valspar Championship in Florida, his first top-five finish on the PGA Tour since 2013.[133] He then tied for sixth with a score of five under par at the 2018 Open Championship.[134] At the last major of the year Woods finished second at the 2018 PGA Championship, two shots behind the winner Brooks Koepka. It was his best result in a major since 2009 (second at the 2009 PGA Championship) and moved up to 26th in the world rankings. His final round of 64 was his best ever final round in a major.[135][14]

Woods got back in the winner's circle for the 80th time in his PGA Tour career on September 23, 2018, when he won the season-ending Tour Championship at East Lake Golf Club for the second time, and that tournament for the third time. He shot rounds of 65-68-65-71 to win by two strokes over Billy Horschel.[136]

Honors

Tiger Woods drives by Allison
Woods checking his drive in 2007

On August 20, 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife Maria Shriver announced that Woods would be inducted into the California Hall of Fame. He was inducted December 5, 2007 at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts in Sacramento.[137][138]

In December 2009, Woods was named "Athlete of the Decade" by the Associated Press.[139] He was named Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year[140] a record-tying four times, and is one of only two people to be named Sports Illustrated's Sportsman of the Year more than once.

Since his record-breaking win at the 1997 Masters, Woods has been the biggest name in golf and his presence in tournaments has drawn a huge fan following . Some sources have credited him for dramatically increasing prize money in golf, generating interest in new PGA tournament audiences, and for drawing the largest TV ratings in golf history.[65][141][142][143][144][145]

Endorsements

During the first decade of his professional career, Woods was the world's most marketable athlete.[146] Shortly after his 21st birthday in 1996, he signed endorsement deals with numerous companies, including General Motors, Titleist, General Mills, American Express, Accenture, and Nike, Inc. In 2000, he signed a 5-year, $105 million contract extension with Nike, which was the largest endorsement package signed by a professional athlete at that time.[147] Woods' endorsement has been credited with playing a significant role in taking the Nike Golf brand from a "start-up" golf company earlier in the previous decade to becoming the leading golf apparel company in the world and a major player in the equipment and golf ball market.[146][148] Nike Golf is one of the fastest growing brands in the sport, with an estimated $600 million in sales.[149] Woods has been described as the "ultimate endorser" for Nike Golf,[149] frequently seen wearing Nike gear during tournaments, and even in advertisements for other products.[147] Woods receives a percentage from the sales of Nike Golf apparel, footwear, golf equipment, golf balls,[146] and has a building named after him at Nike's headquarters campus in Beaverton, Oregon.[150]

US Navy 040303-N-5319A-001 Tiger Woods meets Commander Carrier Group Eight (CCG-8) Rear Adm. Denby H. Starling II, on the flag bridge aboard the aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73)
Woods visiting aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN-73) in the Persian Gulf before participating in the 2004 Dubai Desert Classic

In 2002, Woods was involved in every aspect of the launch of Buick's Rendezvous SUV. A company spokesman stated that Buick was happy with the value of Woods' endorsement, pointing out that more than 130,000 Rendezvous vehicles were sold in 2002 and 2003. "That exceeded our forecasts," he was quoted as saying, "It has to be in recognition of Tiger." In February 2004, Buick renewed Woods' endorsement contract for another five years, in a deal reportedly worth $40 million.[147]

Woods collaborated closely with TAG Heuer to develop the world's first professional golf watch, which was released in April 2005.[151] The lightweight, titanium-construction watch, designed to be worn while playing the game, incorporates numerous innovative design features to accommodate golf play. It is capable of absorbing up to 5,000 Gs of shock, far in excess of the forces generated by a normal golf swing.[151] In 2006, the TAG Heuer Professional Golf Watch won the prestigious iF product design award in the Leisure/Lifestyle category.[152]

Woods photo shoot
Woods preparing for a photo shoot in 2006

Woods also endorsed the Tiger Woods PGA Tour series of video games; he has done so since 1999.[153] In 2006, he signed a six-year contract with Electronic Arts, the series' publisher.[154]

In February 2007, Woods, Roger Federer and Thierry Henry became ambassadors for the "Gillette Champions" marketing campaign. Gillette did not disclose financial terms, though an expert estimated the deal could total between $10 million and $20 million.[155]

In October 2007, Gatorade announced that Woods would have his own brand of sports drink starting in March 2008. "Gatorade Tiger" was his first U.S. deal with a beverage company and his first licensing agreement. Although no figures were officially disclosed, Golfweek magazine reported that it was for five years and could pay him as much as $100 million.[156] The company decided in early fall 2009 to discontinue the drink due to weak sales.[157]

In October 2012, it was announced that Woods had signed an exclusive endorsement deal with Fuse Science, Inc, a sports nutrition firm.[158]

In 1997, Woods and golfer Arnold Palmer initiated a civil case against Bruce Matthews (the owner of Gotta Have It Golf, Inc.) and others in the effort to stop the unauthorized sale of their images and alleged signatures in the memorabilia market. Matthews and associated parties counterclaimed that Woods and his company, ETW Corporation, committed several acts including breach of contract, breach of implied duty of good faith, and violations of Florida's Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act.[159] Palmer also was named in the counter-suit, accused of violating the same licensing agreement in conjunction with his company Arnold Palmer Enterprises.

On March 12, 2014, a Florida jury ruled in favor of Gotta Have It on its breach of contract and other related claims, rejected ETW's counterclaims, and awarded Gotta Have It $668,346 in damages.[160][161] The award may end up exceeding $1 million once interest has been factored in, though the ruling may be appealed.

In August 2016, Woods announced that he would be seeking a new golf equipment partner[162] after the news of Nike's exit from the equipment industry.[163] It was announced on January 25, 2017, that he would be signing a new club deal with TaylorMade.[164] He added the 2016 M2 driver along with the 2017 M1 fairway woods, with irons to be custom made at a later date. He also added his Scotty Cameron Newport 2 GSS, a club he used to win 13 of his 14 majors.[165] Also, in late 2016, he would add Monster Energy as his primary bag sponsor, replacing MusclePharm.[166]

Accumulated wealth

Woods has appeared on Forbes' list of the world's highest-paid athletes.[167][168] According to Golf Digest, Woods made $769,440,709 from 1996 to 2007,[169] and the magazine predicted that Woods would pass one billion dollars in earnings by 2010.[170] In 2009, Forbes confirmed that Woods was indeed the world's first athlete to earn over a billion dollars in his career, after accounting for the $10 million bonus Woods received for the FedEx Cup title.[171][172] The same year, Forbes estimated his net worth to be $600 million, making him the second richest person of color in the United States, behind only Oprah Winfrey.[173] In 2015, Woods ranked ninth in Forbes' list of world's highest-paid athletes, being the top among Asian Americans or the fourth among African Americans.[174] As of 2017, Woods was considered to be the highest-paid golfer in the world.[175]

Tiger-proofing

Early in Woods' career, a small number of golf industry analysts expressed concern about his impact on the competitiveness of the game and the public appeal of professional golf. Sportswriter Bill Lyon of Knight Ridder asked in a column, "Isn't Tiger Woods actually bad for golf?" (though Lyon ultimately concluded that he was not).[176] At first, some pundits feared that Woods would drive the spirit of competition out of the game of golf by making existing courses obsolete and relegating opponents to simply competing for second place each week.

A related effect was measured by University of California economist Jennifer Brown, who found that other golfers scored higher when competing against Woods than when he was not in the tournament. The scores of highly skilled (exempt) golfers are nearly one stroke higher when playing against Woods. This effect was larger when he was on winning streaks and disappeared during his well-publicized slump in 2003–04. Brown explains the results by noting that competitors of similar skill can hope to win by increasing their level of effort, but that, when facing a "superstar" competitor, extra exertion does not significantly raise one's level of winning while increasing risk of injury or exhaustion, leading to reduced effort.[177]

Many courses in the PGA Tour rotation (including major championship sites like Augusta National) have added yardage to their tees in an effort to reduce the advantage of long hitters like Woods, a strategy that became known as "Tiger-Proofing". Woods said he welcomed the change, in that adding yardage to courses did not affect his ability to win.[178]

Career achievements

Woods has won 80 official PGA Tour events, including 14 majors. He is 14–1 when going into the final round of a major with at least a share of the lead. Multiple golf experts have heralded Woods as "the greatest closer in history".[179][180][181] He owns the lowest career scoring average and the most career earnings of any player in PGA Tour history.

Woods' victory at the 2013 Players Championship also marked a win in his 300th PGA Tour start.[182] He also won golf tournaments in his 100th (in 2000) and 200th (in 2006) tour starts.[183][184]

Woods has spent the most consecutive and cumulative weeks atop the world rankings. He is one of five players (along with Gene Sarazen, Ben Hogan, Gary Player, and Jack Nicklaus) to have won all four professional major championships in his career, known as the Career Grand Slam, and was the youngest to do so.[185] Woods is the only player to have won all four professional major championships in a row, accomplishing the feat in the 2000–2001 seasons.

Major championships

Wins (14)

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runner(s)-up
1997 Masters Tournament 9 shot lead −18 (70-66-65-69=270) 12 strokes United States Tom Kite
1999 PGA Championship Tied for lead −11 (70-67-68-72=277) 1 stroke Spain Sergio García
2000 U.S. Open 10 shot lead −12 (65-69-71-67=272) 15 strokes South Africa Ernie Els, Spain Miguel Ángel Jiménez
2000 The Open Championship 6 shot lead −19 (67-66-67-69=269) 8 strokes Denmark Thomas Bjørn, South Africa Ernie Els
2000 PGA Championship (2) 1 shot lead −18 (66-67-70-67=270) Playoff1 United States Bob May
2001 Masters Tournament (2) 1 shot lead −16 (70-66-68-68=272) 2 strokes United States David Duval
2002 Masters Tournament (3) Tied for lead −12 (70-69-66-71=276) 3 strokes South Africa Retief Goosen
2002 U.S. Open (2) 4 shot lead −3 (67-68-70-72=277) 3 strokes United States Phil Mickelson
2005 Masters Tournament (4) 3 shot lead −12 (74-66-65-71=276) Playoff2 United States Chris DiMarco
2005 The Open Championship (2) 2 shot lead −14 (66-67-71-70=274) 5 strokes Scotland Colin Montgomerie
2006 The Open Championship (3) 1 shot lead −18 (67-65-71-67=270) 2 strokes United States Chris DiMarco
2006 PGA Championship (3) Tied for lead −18 (69-68-65-68=270) 5 strokes United States Shaun Micheel
2007 PGA Championship (4) 3 shot lead −8 (71-63-69-69=272) 2 strokes United States Woody Austin
2008 U.S. Open (3) 1 shot lead −1 (72-68-70-73=283) Playoff3 United States Rocco Mediate

1Defeated May in three-hole playoff by 1 stroke: Woods (3-4-5=12), May (4-4-5=13)
2Defeated DiMarco in a sudden-death playoff: Woods (3) and DiMarco (4).
3Defeated Mediate with a par on 1st sudden death hole after 18-hole playoff was tied at even par. This was the final time an 18-hole playoff was used in competition.

Results timeline

Tournament 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Masters Tournament T41 LA CUT 1 T8 T18
U.S. Open WD T82 T19 T18 T3
The Open Championship T68 T22 LA T24 3 T7
PGA Championship T29 T10 1
Tournament 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Masters Tournament 5 1 1 T15 T22 1 T3 T2 2 T6
U.S. Open 1 T12 1 T20 T17 2 CUT T2 1 T6
The Open Championship 1 T25 T28 T4 T9 1 1 T12 CUT
PGA Championship 1 T29 2 T39 T24 T4 1 1 2
Tournament 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Masters Tournament T4 T4 T40 T4 T17 T32
U.S. Open T4 T21 T32 CUT CUT
The Open Championship T23 T3 T6 69 CUT T6
PGA Championship T28 CUT T11 T40 CUT CUT 2
  • LA = Low amateur
  • CUT = missed the half-way cut
  • WD = withdrew
  • "T" indicates a tie for a place

Summary

Tournament Wins 2nd 3rd Top-5 Top-10 Top-25 Events Cuts made
Masters Tournament 4 2 1 11 13 17 21 20
U.S. Open 3 2 1 7 8 14 20 16
The Open Championship 3 0 2 6 10 15 20 18
PGA Championship 4 3 0 8 9 11 19 16
Totals 14 7 4 32 40 57 80 70
  • Most consecutive cuts made – 39 (1996 U.S. Open – 2006 Masters)
  • Longest streak of top-10s – 8 (1999 U.S. Open – 2001 Masters)

World Golf Championships

Wins (18)

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runner(s)-up
1999 WGC-NEC Invitational 5 shot lead −10 (66-71-62-71=270) 1 stroke United States Phil Mickelson
1999 WGC-American Express Championship 1 shot deficit –6 (71-69-70-68=278) Playoff 1 Spain Miguel Ángel Jiménez
2000 WGC-NEC Invitational (2) 9 shot lead −21 (64-61-67-67=259) 11 strokes United States Justin Leonard, Wales Phillip Price
2001 WGC-NEC Invitational (3) 2 shot deficit −12 (66-67-66-69=268) Playoff 2 United States Jim Furyk
2002 WGC-American Express Championship (2) 5 shot lead −25 (65-65-67-66=263) 1 stroke South Africa Retief Goosen
2003 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship n/a 2 & 1 n/a United States David Toms
2003 WGC-American Express Championship (3) 2 shot lead −6 (67-66-69-72=274) 2 strokes Australia Stuart Appleby, United States Tim Herron, Fiji Vijay Singh
2004 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship (2) n/a 3 & 2 n/a United States Davis Love III
2005 WGC-NEC Invitational (4) Tied for lead −6 (66-70-67-71=274) 1 stroke United States Chris DiMarco
2005 WGC-American Express Championship (4) 2 shot deficit −10 (67-68-68-67=270) Playoff 3 United States John Daly
2006 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational (5) 1 shot deficit −10 (67-64-71-68=270) Playoff 4 United States Stewart Cink
2006 WGC-American Express Championship (5) 6 shot lead −23 (63-64-67-67=261) 8 strokes England Ian Poulter, Australia Adam Scott
2007 WGC-CA Championship (6) 4 shot lead −10 (71-66-68-73=278) 2 strokes United States Brett Wetterich
2007 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational (6) 1 shot deficit −8 (68-70-69-65=272) 8 strokes England Justin Rose, South Africa Rory Sabbatini
2008 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship (3) n/a 8 & 7 n/a United States Stewart Cink
2009 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational (7) 3 shot deficit −12 (68-70-65-65=268) 4 strokes Australia Robert Allenby, Republic of Ireland Pádraig Harrington
2013 WGC-Cadillac Championship (7) 4 shot lead −19 (66-65-67-71=269) 2 strokes United States Steve Stricker
2013 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational (8) 7 shot lead −15 (66-61-68-70=265) 7 strokes United States Keegan Bradley, Sweden Henrik Stenson
  • 1 Won on the first hole of a sudden-death playoff
  • 2 Won on the seventh hole of a sudden-death playoff
  • 3 Won on the second hole of a sudden-death playoff
  • 4 Won on the fourth hole of a sudden-death playoff

Results timeline

Tournament 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Championship 1 T5 NT1 1 1 9 1 1 1 5 T9 T10 WD 1 T25 T10
Match Play QF 2 R64 1 1 R32 R16 R16 1 R32 R64 R32 R64
Invitational 1 1 1 4 T4 T2 1 1 1 1 T78 T37 T8 1 WD T31
Champions T6 T6
  • QF, R16, R32, R64 = Round in which player lost in match play
  • WD = withdrew
  • NT = No tournament
  • "T" = tied
  • Note that the HSBC Champions did not become a WGC event until 2009.

PGA Tour career summary

Season Starts Cuts
made
Wins (majors) 2nd 3rd Top
10
Top
25
Earnings
($)
Money
list rank
1992 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1993 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
1994 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
1995 4 3 0 0 0 0 0
1996 11 10 2 0 2 5 8 790,594 24
1997 21 20 4 (1) 1 1 9 14 2,066,833 1
1998 20 19 1 2 2 13 17 1,841,117 4
1999 21 21 8 (1) 1 2 16 18 6,616,585 1
2000 20 20 9 (3) 4 1 17 20 9,188,321 1
2001 19 19 5 (1) 0 1 9 18 5,687,777 1
2002 18 18 5 (2) 2 2 13 16 6,912,625 1
2003 18 18 5 2 0 12 16 6,673,413 2
2004 19 19 1 3 3 14 18 5,365,472 4
2005 21 19 6 (2) 4 2 13 17 10,628,024 1
2006 15 14 8 (2) 1 1 11 13 9,941,563 1
2007 16 16 7 (1) 3 0 12 15 10,867,052 1
2008 6 6 4 (1) 1 0 6 6 5,775,000 2
2009 17 16 6 3 0 14 16 10,508,163 1
2010 12 11 0 0 0 2 7 1,294,765 68
2011 9 7 0 0 0 2 3 660,238 128
2012 19 17 3 1 2 9 13 6,133,158 2
2013 16 16 5 1 0 8 10 8,553,439 1
2014 7 5 0 0 0 0 1 108,275 201
2015 11 6 0 0 0 1 3 448,598 162
2016 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 n/a
2017 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 n/a
2018 18 16 1 2 0 7 12 5,443,841 7
Career* 346 316 80 (14) 31 19 193 261 115,504,853 1 [186]

*As of the 2018 season.

Guinness Book of Records

Woods claimed 17 Guinness World Records, within golf and 3 other records related to his appearance in the video game. After Usain Bolt and Michael Phelps, he holds the third highest number of Guinness World Records claimed by a sportsman within one discipline.[187]

  1. Most consecutive US Amateur golf titles
  2. Most US PGA Tour tournament wins in the modern era
  3. Lowest score under par in the Open golf championships
  4. Most awards for Professional Golfers' Association Tour Player of the Year
  5. Youngest winner of the golf US Masters
  6. Highest career earnings on the US Professional Golfers' Association Tour
  7. Largest margin of victory in the golf US Masters
  8. Largest margin of victory in a golf major championships
  9. Most wins of the PGA Player of the Year award
  10. Most consecutive golf Major tournaments won
  11. Highest annual earnings for a golfer
  12. Longest golf drive on the PGA Tour
  13. Lowest total score (72 holes) at the golf US Masters
  14. Longest drive in Tiger Woods PGA Tour 06
  15. Golf, World Cup - Lowest individual score
  16. Lowest total score (first 54 holes) in the golf US Masters
  17. Highest annual earnings for an athlete (ever)

Playing style

TigerWoods2004RyderCup3
Woods practicing before 2004 Ryder Cup at Oakland Hills Country Club in Bloomfield Township, Michigan

When Woods first joined the PGA Tour in 1996, his long drives had a large impact on the world of golf.[188][189] However, when he did not upgrade his equipment in the following years (insisting upon the use of True Temper Dynamic Gold steel-shafted clubs and smaller steel clubheads that promoted accuracy over distance),[190] many opponents caught up to him. Phil Mickelson even made a joke in 2003 about Woods using "inferior equipment", which did not sit well with Nike, Titleist or Woods.[191][192] During 2004, Woods finally upgraded his driver technology to a larger clubhead and graphite shaft, which, coupled with his clubhead speed, made him one of the Tour's lengthiest players off the tee once again.

Despite his power advantage, Woods has always focused on developing an excellent all-around game. Although in recent years he has typically been near the bottom of the Tour rankings in driving accuracy, his iron play is generally accurate, his recovery and bunker play is very strong, and his putting (especially under pressure) is possibly his greatest asset. He is largely responsible for a shift to higher standards of athleticism amongst professional golfers, and is known for utilizing more hours of practice than most.[193][194][195]

From mid-1993 (while he was still an amateur) until 2004, Woods worked almost exclusively with leading swing coach Butch Harmon. From mid-1997, Harmon and Woods fashioned a major redevelopment of Woods' full swing, achieving greater consistency, better distance control, and better kinesiology. The changes began to pay off in 1999.[196] From March 2004 to 2010, Woods was coached by Hank Haney, who worked on flattening his swing plane. Woods continued to win tournaments with Haney, but his driving accuracy dropped significantly. Haney resigned under questionable circumstances in May 2010[197] and was replaced by Sean Foley.[198]

Fluff Cowan served as Woods' caddie from the start of his professional career until Woods dismissed him in March 1999.[199] He was replaced by Steve Williams, who became a close friend of Woods and is often credited with helping him with key shots and putts.[200] In June 2011, Woods dismissed Williams and replaced him with friend Bryon Bell on an interim basis. Joe LaCava, a former caddie of both Fred Couples and Dustin Johnson, was hired by Woods shortly after[201] and has remained Woods' caddie since then.

Equipment

As of 2018 Tour Championship:[202]

  • Driver: TaylorMade M3 460 (Mitsubishi Chemical Diamana D+ White Board 73TX shaft), 9.5 degrees
  • Fairway woods: TaylorMade M3 13 & 19 Degree (Mitsubishi Chemical Diamana D+ White Board 83TX shaft)
  • Irons: TaylorMade TW Phase1 Prototype (3-PW; True Temper Dynamic Gold Tour Issue X100 shafts)
  • Wedges: TaylorMade Milled Grind (56 and 60 degrees; True Temper Dynamic Gold Tour Issue S400 shafts)
  • Putter: Scotty Cameron Newport 2 GSS with Ping Blackout PP58 Grip
  • Ball: Bridgestone Tour B XS (with "Tiger" imprint)
  • Golf glove: Nike Dri-FIT Tour glove
  • Golf shoes: Nike TW '17[203]
  • Driver club cover: Frank, a plush tiger head club cover created by his mother. Frank has appeared in several commercials (voiced by actor Paul Giamatti)[204][205]
  • Wood covers: Stitch Brand with TGR Logo.
  • Putter cover: Nike Putter Cover.[206]

Other ventures

TGR Foundation

The TGR Foundation was established in 1996 by Woods and his father Earl as the Tiger Woods Foundation, with the primary goal of promoting golf among inner-city children.[207][208] The foundation has conducted junior golf clinics across the country, and sponsors the Tiger Woods Foundation National Junior Golf Team in the Junior World Golf Championships.[209][210] As of December 2010, TWF employed approximately 55 people.[211][212]

The foundation operates the Tiger Woods Learning Center, a $50 million, 35,000-square-foot (3,250 m²) facility in Anaheim, California, providing college-access programs for underserved youth.[209][211][213] The TWLC opened in 2006 and features seven classrooms, extensive multi-media facilities and an outdoor golf teaching area.[209] The center has since expanded to four additional campuses: two in Washington, D.C.; one in Philadelphia; and one in Stuart, Florida.[213]

Tiger Woods speaks at We Are One
Woods giving a speech at We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial (January 2009)

The foundation benefits from the annual Chevron World Challenge and AT&T National golf tournaments hosted by Woods.[211] In October 2011, the foundation hosted the first Tiger Woods Invitational at Pebble Beach.[214] Other annual fundraisers have included the concert events Block Party, last held in 2009 in Anaheim, and Tiger Jam, last held in 2011 in Las Vegas after a one-year hiatus.[211][215][216][217]

Tiger Woods Design

In November 2006, Woods announced his intention to begin designing golf courses around the world through a new company, Tiger Woods Design.[218] A month later, he announced that the company's first course would be in Dubai as part of a 25.3 million-square-foot development, The Tiger Woods Dubai.[219] The Al Ruwaya Golf Course was initially expected to finish construction in 2009.[219] As of February 2010, only seven holes had been completed; in April 2011, The New York Times reported that the project had been shelved permanently.[220][221] In 2013, the partnership between Tiger Woods Design and Dubai Holding was dissolved.[222]

Tiger Woods Design has taken on two other courses, neither of which has materialized. In August 2007, Woods announced The Cliffs at High Carolina, a private course in the Blue Ridge Mountains near Asheville, North Carolina.[223] After a groundbreaking in November 2008, the project suffered cash flow problems and suspended construction.[221] A third course, in Punta Brava, Mexico, was announced in October 2008, but incurred delays due to issues with permits and an environmental impact study.[221][224] Construction on the Punta Brava course has not yet begun.[221]

These projects have encountered problems that have been attributed to factors that include overly optimistic estimates of their value, declines throughout the global economy (particularly the U.S. crash in home prices), and the decreased appeal and marketability of Woods following his 2009 infidelity scandal.[221]

Writings

Woods wrote a golf instruction column for Golf Digest magazine from 1997 to February 2011.[225] In 2001 he wrote a best-selling golf instruction book, How I Play Golf, which had the largest print run of any golf book for its first edition, 1.5 million copies.[226] In March 2017, he published a memoir, The 1997 Masters: My Story, co-authored by Lorne Rubenstein, which focuses on his first Masters win.[227]

Personal life

Marriage and children

In November 2003, Woods became engaged to Elin Nordegren, a Swedish former model and daughter of former minister of migration Barbro Holmberg and radio journalist Thomas Nordegren.[228] They were introduced during The Open Championship in 2001 by Swedish golfer Jesper Parnevik, who had employed her as an au pair. They married on October 5, 2004, at the Sandy Lane resort in Barbados, and lived at Isleworth, a community in Windermere, a suburb of Orlando, Florida.[229][230] In 2006, they purchased a $39-million estate in Jupiter Island, Florida, and began constructing a 10,000-square-foot home; Woods moved there in 2010 following the couple's divorce.[167][230]

Woods and Nordegren's first child was a girl born in 2007, whom they named Sam Alexis Woods. Woods chose the name because his own father had always called him Sam.[231] Their son, Charlie Axel Woods, was born in 2009.[232]

Infidelity scandal and fallout

In November 2009, the National Enquirer published a story claiming that Woods had had an extramarital affair with New York City nightclub manager Rachel Uchitel, who denied the claim.[233][234] Two days later, around 2:30 a.m. on November 27, Woods was driving from his Florida mansion in his Cadillac Escalade SUV when he collided with a fire hydrant, a tree, and several hedges near his home.[235] He was treated for minor facial lacerations and received a ticket for careless driving.[235][236] Following intense media speculation about the cause of the accident, Woods released a statement on his website and took sole responsibility for the accident, calling it a "private matter" and crediting his wife for helping him from the car.[237][238] On November 30, Woods announced that he would not be appearing at his own charity golf tournament, the Chevron World Challenge, nor any other tournaments in 2009, due to his injuries.[239]

On December 2, following Us Weekly's previous day reporting of a purported mistress and subsequent release of a voicemail message allegedly left by Woods for the woman,[240] Woods released a further statement. He admitted transgressions and apologized to "all of those who have supported [him] over the years", while reiterating his and his family's right to privacy.[234][241] Over the next few days, more than a dozen women claimed in various media outlets to have had affairs with Woods.[8] On December 11, he released a third statement admitting to infidelity and apologizing again, as well as announcing that he would be taking "an indefinite break from professional golf."[8]

In the days and months following Woods's admission of multiple infidelities, several companies re-evaluated their relationships with him. Accenture, AT&T, Gatorade and General Motors completely ended their sponsorship deals, while Gillette suspended advertising featuring Woods.[94][242][243] TAG Heuer dropped Woods from advertising in December 2009 and officially ended their deal when his contract expired in August 2011.[94] Golf Digest suspended Woods's monthly column beginning with the February 2010 issue.[244] In contrast, Nike continued to support Woods, as did Electronic Arts, which was working with Woods on the game Tiger Woods PGA Tour Online.[245] A December 2009 study estimated the shareholder loss caused by Woods's affairs to be between $5 billion and $12 billion.[246]

On February 19, 2010, Woods gave a televised statement in which he said he had undertaken a 45-day therapy program beginning at the end of December. He again apologized for his actions. "I thought I could get away with whatever I wanted to," he said. "I felt that I had worked hard my entire life and deserved to enjoy all the temptations around me. I felt I was entitled. Thanks to money and fame, I didn't have to go far to find them. I was wrong. I was foolish." He said he did not know yet when he would be returning to golf.[93][247] He announced a few weeks later on March 16 that he would play in the 2010 Masters Tournament on April 8.[248]

After seven years of marriage, Woods and his wife Elin divorced on August 23, 2010.[249]

2017 arrest

On May 29, 2017, Woods was arrested near his Jupiter Island, Florida, home by the Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office at about 3:00 a.m. EDT for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. He was asleep in his car, which was stationary in a traffic lane with its engine running. He later stated that he was taking prescription drugs and did not realize how they might interact together.[250][251][252] On July 3, 2017, Woods tweeted that he had completed an out-of-state intensive program to tackle an unspecified issue.[253] On August 9, 2017, Woods, who skipped his arraignment,[254] entered a not guilty plea through his attorney Douglas Duncan and agreed to take part in a first-time DUI offender program and attend another arraignment on October 25.[255]

At a hearing on October 27, 2017, Woods pleaded guilty to reckless driving. He received a year of probation, was fined $250, and ordered to undergo 50 hours of community service along with regular drug tests. He was not allowed to drink alcohol during the probation, and if he violated the probation he would be sentenced to 90 days in jail with an additional $500 fine.[256]

Other pursuits

Barack Obama meets Tiger Woods 4-20-09
United States President Barack Obama and Woods meet in the Oval Office, April 2009
Tiger Woods at Naval Base Coronado 2006-05-31
Woods shoots a handgun at a shooting range outside San Diego.

Woods was raised as a Buddhist, and he actively practiced his faith from childhood until well into his adult, professional golf career.[257] In a 2000 article, Woods was quoted as saying that he "believes in Buddhism... not every aspect, but most of it."[258] He has attributed his deviations and infidelity to his losing track of Buddhism. He said, "Buddhism teaches me to stop following every impulse and to learn restraint. Obviously I lost track of what I was taught."[259]

Woods is registered as an independent voter.[260] In January 2009, Woods delivered a speech commemorating the military at the We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial.[261][262] In April 2009, Woods visited the White House while promoting the golf tournament he hosts, the AT&T National.[263] In December 2016 and again in November 2017, Woods played golf with President Donald Trump at the Trump International Golf Club in West Palm Beach.[264]

Woods underwent laser eye surgery in 1999. Before this surgery, he was severely myopic, his eyesight having a rating of 11 diopters. The surgery was successful (it has meant that he does not need to wear glasses or use contact lenses),[265] as he immediately started winning tour events. He received money from TLC Laser Eye Centers to endorse them.[266] In 2007, he had further laser eye surgery when his vision began to deteriorate again.[267]

On March 18, 2013, Woods announced that he and Olympic gold medal skier Lindsey Vonn were dating.[268] They split up in May 2015.[269]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Tiger Woods – Profile". PGA Tour. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
  2. ^ This is calculated by adding Woods' 80 PGA Tour victories, 8 regular European Tour titles, 2 Japan Tour wins, 1 Asian Tour crown, and the 16 other wins in his career.
  3. ^ These are the 14 majors, 18 WGC events, and his eight tour wins.
  4. ^ 2009 European Tour Official Guide Section 4 Page 577 PDF 21. European Tour. Retrieved April 21, 2009. Archived January 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Who is the greatest golfer ever: Tiger or Jack?". For The Win. April 13, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  6. ^ Diaz, Jaime. "What made Tiger Woods great—and can again - Golf Digest". Golf Digest. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  7. ^ "Phil: Tiger in prime played best golf ever". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
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  9. ^ Weinman, Sam. "New book says Tiger Woods paid controversial doctor Anthony Galea $76K for 14 visits". Golf Digest.
  10. ^ "Westwood becomes world number one". BBC News. October 31, 2010.
  11. ^ a b c d "Tiger Woods moves to 50th in rankings". ESPN. November 13, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  12. ^ "Complete list of Tiger Woods' injuries". PGA Tour.
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  14. ^ a b Reid, Philip (August 14, 2018). "For the new Tiger Woods, second place is far from first loser". The Irish Times. Dublin.
  15. ^ Kelley, Brent (October 20, 2009). "Woods Clinches PGA Player of the Year Award". About.com: Golf. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
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  39. ^ a b His Father's Son: Earl and Tiger Woods, by Tom Callahan, 2010
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Further reading

External links

2000 PGA Tour

The 2000 PGA Tour season was played from January 6 to November 12. The season consisted of 49 official money events. Tiger Woods won the most tournaments, nine, and there were nine first-time winners. The tournament results, leaders, and award winners are listed below.

2007 PGA Tour

The 2007 PGA Tour season ran from January 4, 2007 to November 4, 2007. The season consisted of 47 official money events. This included four major championships and three World Golf Championships, which are also sanctioned by the European Tour. There were also five unofficial events played in November and December. Tiger Woods swept all the major awards for a sixth time.

Twelve players won three million dollars, 34 won two million or more and 99 won one million or more. The cut off to make the top 125 on the money list and retain a tour card was a record $785,180.

The total prize money, as stated on the 2007 schedule of tournaments page of the PGA Tour website, was $271.1 million. The actual prize money was slightly higher – $272,304,886.89 (due to more than 70 players making the cut at most tournaments). If one player had played and won each of the 44 events (excluding the three alternate events), he would have won $46,787,450.

Arnold Palmer Invitational

The Arnold Palmer Invitational is a professional golf tournament in Florida on the PGA Tour. It is played each March at the Bay Hill Club and Lodge, a private golf resort owned since 1974 by Arnold Palmer in Bay Hill, a suburb southwest of Orlando.

The event was founded in 1979 as a successor to the Florida Citrus Open Invitational, which debuted in 1966 and was played at Rio Pinar Country Club, east of Orlando, through 1978. Arnold Palmer won the Florida Citrus Open in 1971.

Since 1979, the tournament title has had a number of different names, most of them including "Bay Hill," but has played under the Palmer name since 2007. On March 21, 2012, the Arnold Palmer Invitational and MasterCard Worldwide announced an extension to MasterCard's "Presented by" sponsorship until the 2016 tournament.In June 2014, the PGA Tour approved a resolution to grant the winner a three-year exemption, one more than regular Tour events and on par with winners of the World Golf Championships, The Tour Championship, and the Memorial Tournament.Beginning with the 2017 tournament, the winner receives a red cardigan sweater in memory of Arnold Palmer.In 2019, the event was added to the Open Qualifying Series, giving up to three non-exempt players entry into The Open Championship.

Dustin Johnson

Dustin Hunter Johnson (born June 22, 1984) is an American professional golfer who currently plays on the PGA Tour. He is the current World Number 1 in the Official World Golf Ranking. Through May 6, 2018, he had held the title of the Number 1-ranked golfer for 64 consecutive weeks, which is the 5th longest streak in PGA Tour history. On May 13, 2018, Justin Thomas overtook Johnson, but Johnson regained the Number 1 ranking four weeks later by winning the FedEx St. Jude Classic. Johnson retained the top ranking for another 13 weeks until Justin Rose overtook him by finishing second at the BMW Championship on September 10. Johnson returned to the top of the world rankings on September 23 when he finished third to Rose's fourth in the Tour Championship. He lost the number one ranking on October 21, 2018 when Brooks Koepka won the CJ Cup.

He won the 2016 U.S. Open at Oakmont Country Club with a 4-under-par score of 276 for his first major championship. He had previously finished in a tie for second at both the 2011 Open Championship and the 2015 U.S. Open. He also has six World Golf Championships victories, with only Tiger Woods having won more, and he is the first player to win each of the four World Golf Championship events. He is one of the longest drivers on the PGA Tour, having been ranked in the top five annually from 2008 and leading in 2015. By virtue of his 2019 WGC-Mexico Championship win, Johnson became only the third player in Tour history to win a Tour title in each of his first 12 seasons, joining Jack Nicklaus (17) and Tiger Woods (14).

Elin Nordegren

Elin Maria Pernilla Nordegren (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈeːlɪn ²nuːɖɛˌɡreːn]; formerly Woods; born January 1, 1980) is a Swedish former model, nanny, and the ex-wife of professional golfer Tiger Woods.

Ernie Els

Theodore Ernest Els (; born 17 October 1969) is a South African professional golfer. A former World No. 1, he is known as "The Big Easy" due to his imposing physical stature (he stands 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)) along with his fluid golf swing. Among his 71 career victories are four major championships: the U.S. Open in 1994 at Oakmont and in 1997 at Congressional, and The Open Championship in 2002 at Muirfield and in 2012 at Royal Lytham & St Annes. He is one of six golfers to twice win both the U.S. Open and The Open Championship.

Other highlights in Els' career include topping the 2003 and 2004 European Tour Order of Merit (money list), and winning the World Match Play Championship a record seven times. He was the leading career money winner on the European Tour until overtaken by Lee Westwood in 2011, and was the first member of the tour to earn over €25,000,000 from European Tour events. He has held the number one spot in the Official World Golf Ranking and until 2013 held the record for weeks ranked in the top ten with 788. Els rose to fifteenth in the world rankings after winning the 2012 Open Championship. He was elected to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2010, on his first time on the ballot, and was inducted in May 2011.When not playing, Els has a golf course design business, a charitable foundation which supports golf among underprivileged youth in South Africa, and a highly regarded winemaking business. He has written a popular golf instructional column in Golf Digest magazine for several years.

Forbes Celebrity 100

Celebrity 100 is an annual list compiled and published by Forbes magazine since 1999. The purpose is to list the world's 100 highest-paid celebrities.

Francesco Molinari

Francesco Molinari (born 8 November 1982) is an Italian professional golfer. He won the 2018 Open Championship, his first and only major victory, and the first major won by an Italian professional golfer. The Open Championship win capped a successful season in which he won the 2018 BMW PGA Championship, his sixth win on the European Tour, and the Quicken Loans National, his first PGA Tour win. At the end of the season, Molinari won 5 out of 5 points as Europe won the 2018 Ryder Cup.

Molinari has been in the top 100 of the World Rankings continuously since the end of 2008. Playing with his brother Edoardo, they won the 2009 Omega Mission Hills World Cup, Italy's only win in the event. Molinari won the 2010 WGC-HSBC Champions and has represented Europe in three winning Ryder Cup teams, in 2010, 2012 and 2018.

Hero World Challenge

The Hero World Challenge is a golf tournament hosted by Tiger Woods, which takes place each December. It features a small number (currently 18) of top-ranked golf pros. The tournament is a benefit for the Tiger Woods Foundation.

Justin Thomas (golfer)

Justin Louis Thomas (born April 29, 1993) is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour and a former World Number One. In 2017, Thomas experienced a breakout year, winning four PGA Tour events, including the PGA Championship, his maiden major championship, and also winning the FedEx Cup championship. In May 2018, Thomas became the 21st player to top the Official World Golf Ranking.

Keegan Bradley

Keegan Hansen Bradley (born June 7, 1986) is an American professional golfer who competes on the PGA Tour. He has won four tour events, most notably the 2011 PGA Championship. He is one of four golfers to win in his major debut, along with Ben Curtis, Willie Park, Sr. and Francis Ouimet. He was the 2011 PGA Tour Rookie of the Year and has briefly featured in the top ten of the Official World Golf Ranking.

Official World Golf Ranking

The Official World Golf Ranking is a system for rating the performance level of male professional golfers. It was started in 1986.

The rankings are based on a player's position in individual tournaments (i.e. not pairs or team events) over a "rolling" two year period. New rankings are produced each week. During 2018, nearly 400 tournaments on 20 tours were covered by the ranking system. All players competing in these tournaments are included in the rankings. In 2019, 23 tours will factor into the world rankings.

As well as being of general interest, the rankings have an additional importance, in that they are used as one of the qualifying criteria for entry into a number of leading tournaments.

PGA Tour

The PGA Tour (stylized in all capital letters as PGA TOUR by its officials) is the organizer of the main professional golf tours played primarily by men in the United States and North America. It organizes most of the events on the flagship annual series of tournaments also known as the PGA Tour, as well as PGA Tour Champions (for golfers age 50 and older) and the Web.com Tour (for professional players who have not yet qualified to play in the PGA Tour), as well as PGA Tour Canada, PGA Tour Latinoamérica, and PGA Tour China. The PGA Tour is a nonprofit organization headquartered in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, a suburb of Jacksonville.Originally established by the Professional Golfers' Association of America, it was spun off in December 1968 into a separate organization for tour players, as opposed to club professionals, the focal members of today's PGA of America. Originally the "Tournament Players Division", it adopted the name "PGA Tour" in 1975 and runs most of the week-to-week professional golf events on the tournament known as the PGA Tour, including The Players Championship, hosted at TPC Sawgrass; the FedEx Cup, with its finale at The Tour Championship at East Lake Golf Club; and the biennial Presidents Cup. The remaining events on the PGA Tour are run by different organizations, as are the U.S.-based LPGA Tour for women and other men's and women's professional tours around the world.

PGA Tour (video game series)

PGA Tour is a series of golf video games developed and published by Electronic Arts and later their EA Sports sub-label since 1990, the series primarily features courses featured on the U.S. PGA Tour, and other notable courses (such as those that have hosted majors).

In 1998, EA began publishing their golf games with the endorsement of Tiger Woods. Following the Tiger Woods 99 PGA Tour Golf release, subsequent titles were named Tiger Woods PGA Tour and released yearly.

Although EA Sports developed most games in the series internally, some SKUs have come from outside developers including the first edition, Tiger Woods 99 PGA Tour Golf, which Adrenalin Entertainment developed in conjunction with EA for the PlayStation and Tiger Woods PGA Tour 2001 for the PlayStation, which was developed by Stormfront Studios. IOMO also produced versions of the game for mobile phones for the 2002, 2004, and 2005 editions.

In October 2013, EA announced that it would end its relationship with Woods and replace him with another golfer for the next installment. On March 16, 2015, it was announced that Rory McIlroy, then top golfer in the world, would become the new title athlete of the franchise, which will now be known as Rory McIlroy PGA Tour.The series was responsible for several innovations in the genre, such as the now standard three-click swing method. In 1995 a critic stated in GamePro that "The PGA series flies high above the rest for two reasons: You can completely control a shot, and you play on the best courses around." However, unlike other games in the EA Sports label, the series was often shadowed by other competitors such as the Jack Nicklaus series, Links series, Microsoft Golf or The Golf Pro.

Stewart Cink

Stewart Ernest Cink (born May 21, 1973) is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour. He won the 2009 Open Championship, famously defeating 59 year-old Tom Watson in a four-hole aggregate playoff. He spent over 40 weeks in the top 10 of the Official World Golf Ranking from 2004 to 2009, reaching a career best ranking of 5th in 2008.

Trevor Immelman

Trevor John Immelman (born 16 December 1979) is a South African professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour, European Tour and Sunshine Tour. He won his sole major championship at the 2008 Masters Tournament.

Vijay Singh

Vijay Singh, CF (Fiji Hindi: विजय सिंह pronounced [ˈʋɪdʒəj sɪ̃ɦ]; born 22 February 1963), nicknamed "The Big Fijian", is an Indo-Fijian professional golfer who was Number 1 in the Official World Golf Ranking for 32 weeks in 2004 and 2005. Vijay was the 12th man to reach the world No. 1-ranking and was the only new world No. 1 in the 2000s decade. He has won three major championships (The Masters in 2000 and the PGA Championship in 1998 and 2004) and was the leading PGA Tour money winner in 2003, 2004 and 2008. He was elected to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2005 (but deferred his induction until 2006). He won the FedEx Cup in 2008.

An Indo-Fijian practicing Hinduism, Singh was born in Lautoka, Fiji and grew up in Nadi. A resident of Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, he is known for his meticulous preparation, often arriving hours before, and staying long after, his tournament rounds to work on his game on the driving range and putting greens.

WGC-Mexico Championship

The WGC - Mexico Championship (Spanish: WGC-Campeonato Mexicano) is a professional golf tournament hosted at the Club de Golf Chapultepec in Mexico since 2017, and is one of the four annual World Golf Championships.

Previous names include WGC-Cadillac Championship (2011–2016) and WGC-CA Championship (2007–2010) when it was hosted at Doral Golf Resort, Florida, and WGC-American Express Championship (1999–2006) when it was hosted at various locations in Europe and the United States. It is sanctioned and organized by the International Federation of PGA Tours and the prize money is official money on both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Tiger Woods has the record number of wins with seven. The winner receives a wedgwood trophy named the Gene Sarazen Cup.

World Golf Championships

The World Golf Championships (WGC) are a group of four annual events for professional golfers created by the International Federation of PGA Tours. All four WGC tournaments are official money events on the PGA Tour, European Tour, and the Japan Golf Tour, and officially sanctioned by the Asian Tour, Sunshine Tour, and PGA Tour of Australasia.

All four WGC events offer comparable prize money to the major championships. In the pantheon of golf events, some rank WGCs immediately below the major championships and above all other competitions; however, others would put The Players Championship, the so-called "Fifth Major," above WGC events. The winner of a WGC event earns a three-year PGA Tour exemption.

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Tiger Woods in the major championships
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