Tiger Stadium (Detroit)

Tiger Stadium, previously known as Navin Field and Briggs Stadium, was a baseball park located in the Corktown neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan. It hosted the Detroit Tigers of Major League Baseball from 1912 to 1999, as well as the Detroit Lions of the National Football League from 1938 to 1974. It was declared a State of Michigan Historic Site in 1975 and has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1989. The stadium was nicknamed "The Corner" for its location on Michigan Avenue and Trumbull Avenue.

The last Detroit Tigers game at the stadium was held in September 1999. In the decade after the Tigers vacated the stadium, several rejected redevelopment and preservation efforts finally gave way to demolition. The stadium's demolition was completed on September 21, 2009, though the stadium's actual playing field remains at the corner where the stadium once stood. Since the spring of 2010, a volunteer group known as the Navin Field Grounds Crew (composed of Tiger Stadium fans, preservationists, and Corktown residents) has restored and maintained the field.

A plan to redevelop the old Tiger Stadium site would retain the historic playing field for youth sports and ring the 10-acre property with new development has received final approval, and funding.[4]

Tiger Stadium
The Corner
Inside Tiger Stadium, Detroit
Tiger Stadium in 1998
Former namesNavin Field (1912–37)
Briggs Stadium (1938–60)
Location2121 Trumbull Avenue
Detroit, Michigan 48216
Coordinates42°19′55″N 83°4′8″W / 42.33194°N 83.06889°WCoordinates: 42°19′55″N 83°4′8″W / 42.33194°N 83.06889°W
OwnerDetroit Tigers (1912–77)
City of Detroit (1977–2009)
OperatorDetroit Tigers
Capacity23,000 (1912)
30,000 (1923)
52,416 (1937)
Field sizeLeft field – 340 ft (104 m)
Left-center field – 365 ft (111 m)
Center field – 440 ft (134 m)
Right-center field – 370 ft (113 m)
Right field – 325 ft (99 m)
Backstop – 66 ft (20 m)
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Broke groundOctober 1911
OpenedApril 20, 1912
ClosedJuly 24, 2001
DemolishedJune 30, 2008 (began)
September 21, 2009 (completed)
Construction costUS$300,000
($7.79 million in 2018 dollars[1])
ArchitectOsborn Engineering Company
General contractorHunkin & Conkey[2]
Tenants
Detroit Tigers (MLB) (1912–1999)
Detroit Heralds (OL) (1912–1919)
Detroit Heralds/Tigers (APFA) (1920–1921)
Detroit Panthers (NFL) (1925–1926)
Detroit Lions (NFL) (1938–1939, 1941–1974)
Detroit Cougars (NPSL / NASL) (1967–1968)
Tiger Stadium
NRHP reference #88003236[3]
Added to NRHPFebruary 6, 1989

History

BennetPark
Bennett Park on October 12, 1907, during a World Series game between the Detroit Tigers and Chicago Cubs.

Origins

In 1895, Detroit Tigers owner George Vanderbeck had a new ballpark built at the corner of Michigan and Trumbull Avenues. That stadium was called Bennett Park and featured a wooden grandstand with a wooden peaked roof in the outfield. At the time, some places in the outfield were only marked off with rope.

In 1911, new Tigers owner Frank Navin ordered a new steel-and-concrete baseball park on the same site that would seat 23,000 to accommodate the growing numbers of fans. Navin Field opened on April 20, 1912, the same day as the Boston Red Sox's Fenway Park. While constructed on the same site as Bennett Park, the diamond at Navin Field was rotated 90°, with home plate located in what had been left field at Bennett Park.[5] Cleveland Naps player "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, later banned from baseball for life following the Black Sox Scandal, scored the first run at Navin Field on the opening day. The intimate configurations of both stadiums, both conducive to high-scoring games featuring home runs, prompted baseball writers to refer to them as "bandboxes" or "cigar boxes" (a reference to the similarly intimate Baker Bowl).

Briggs Stadium, Detroit, Mich postcard
Postcard showing Briggs Stadium, circa 1930–1945

Over the years, expansion continued to accommodate more people. In 1935, following Navin's death, new owner Walter Briggs oversaw the expansion of Navin Field to a capacity of 36,000 by extending the upper deck to the foul poles and across right field. By 1938, the city had agreed to move Cherry Street, allowing left field to be double-decked and the now-renamed Briggs Stadium had a capacity of 53,000. In 1961, new owner John Fetzer took control of the stadium and gave it its final name: Tiger Stadium. Under this name, the stadium witnessed World Series titles in 1968 and 1984.

A fire gutted the press box on the evening of February 1, 1977.[6] In 1977, the Tigers sold the stadium to the city of Detroit, which then leased it back to the Tigers. As part of this transfer, the green wooden seats were replaced with blue and orange plastic ones and the stadium's interior, which was green, was painted blue to match.

In 1992, new owner Mike Ilitch began many cosmetic improvements to the ballpark, primarily with the addition of the Tiger Den and Tiger Plaza. The Tiger Den was an area in the lower deck between first and third base that had padded seats and section waiters. The Tiger Plaza was constructed in the old players parking lot and consisted of many concessionaires and a gift shop.

After the 1994 strike, plans were made to construct a new park, but many campaigned to save the old stadium. Plans to modify and maintain Tiger Stadium as the home of the Tigers, known as the Cochrane Plan, were supported by many in the community, but were never seriously considered by the Tigers. Ground was broken for the new Comerica Park during the 1997 season.

Features

Tiger Stadium overhang
A look under the famous overhang.
Tiger-Stadium-Overhang
Tiger Stadium right field overhang, looking toward center field.

Tiger Stadium had a 125-foot (38 m) tall flagpole in fair play, to the left of dead center field near the 440 foot (134 m) mark. The same flag pole was originally to be brought to Comerica Park, but this never took place. A new flagpole in the spirit of Tiger Stadium's pole was positioned in fair play at Comerica Park until the left field fence was moved in closer prior to the 2003 season. The original Tiger Stadium flagpole, designed by Rudolph V. Herman at the request of W. O. "Spike" Briggs, is still in its original position on the now vacant site.

When the stadium closed, it was tied with Fenway Park as the oldest ballpark in Major League Baseball, the two parks having opened on exactly the same date in 1912. Taking predecessor Bennett Field into account, Tiger Stadium was the oldest Major League Baseball site in use in 1999.

The right field upper deck overhung the field by 10 feet (3 m), prompting the installation of spotlights above the warning track. When the park was expanded in 1936 and the second deck was added over the right field pavilion and bleachers, there was a limited amount of space between the right field fence and the street behind it. To fit as many seats as possible in the expansion, the second deck was extended over the fence by 10 feet. The overhang would occasionally "catch" some extremely high arced fly balls and prevent the right fielder standing underneath it with his back to the fence from catching the ball, resulting in a home run for the batter, in what otherwise would have been a long out. Other batted balls would occasionally hit the facing of the overhang and bounce far back into right field (still resulting in a home run).

Like other older baseball stadiums such as Fenway Park and Wrigley Field, Tiger Stadium offered "obstructed view" seats, some of which were directly behind a steel support column; while others in the lower deck had sight lines obstructed by the low-hanging upper deck. By making it possible for the upper deck to stand directly above the lower deck, the support columns allowed the average fan to sit closer to the field than at any other major league baseball park.

For a time after it was constructed, the right field upper deck had a "315" marker at the foul pole (later painted over), with a "325" marker below it on the lower deck fence (which was retained).[7][8] The Texas Rangers claim that the design of the right field section was copied and used in the construction of The Ballpark in Arlington (now Globe Life Park) in Arlington, Texas, but in fact the upper deck does not actually extend over the right field fence, but is set back by several feet[9]

Supposedly due to then-owner Walter Briggs's dislike of night baseball, lights were not installed at the stadium until 1948. The first night game at the stadium was held on June 15, 1948. Among major league parks whose construction predated the advent of night games, only Chicago's Wrigley Field went longer without lights (1988).

Tiger Stadium featured an upper and lower deck bleacher section that was separated from the rest of the stadium. Chainlink and at one time, a barbed wire fence, separated the bleachers from the reserved sections and was the only section of seating not covered by at least part of the roof. The bleachers had their own entrance, concession stands and restrooms.

In 1999, its final season, this ballpark and Chase Field were the only ones that had a dirt path that ran from the pitcher's mound to home plate; it originally did have one between 1912 & 1938.

Professional football

Tiger Stadium was home to the Detroit Lions from 1938 to 1974 when they dropped their final Tiger Stadium game to the Denver Broncos on Thanksgiving Day. The stadium hosted two NFL championship games in 1953 and 1957. The football field ran mostly in the outfield from the right field line to left center field parallel with the third base line. The benches for both the Lions and their opponents were on the outfield side of the field to provide lower-sitting fans in the front rows of the infield side an unobstructed view of the football field. Well into the 1990s—some two decades after the Lions left—a "possession" symbol, with its light bulbs, for football games could still be seen on the auxiliary scoreboards.

In the early 1970s, the city of Pontiac and its community leaders made a presentation to the Metropolitan Stadium Committee of a 155-acre (0.63 km2) site on the city's eastern boundary, north of M-59 and near the intersection with Interstate 75 (I-75). Initially, a dual stadium complex was planned that included a moving roof that was later scrapped due to high costs and the lack of a commitment from the Detroit Tigers baseball franchise. In 1973, ground was broken for a stadium to exclusively house the Detroit Lions.[10] The Metropolitan Stadium Committee voted unanimously for the Pontiac site.

Other events

1939 saw a major boxing fight being held at the stadium, when Joe Louis defended the world Heavyweight title with an eleventh-round knockout of Bob Pastor.[11]

On Friday, October 5, 1951, the University of Notre Dame played the University of Detroit at Briggs Stadium before a capacity crowd of 52,371. It was the first Notre Dame football game to be played at night.[12] The Fighting Irish won, 40-6.[13]

Northern Irish professional soccer club Glentoran called the stadium home for two months in 1967. The Glens, as the team from Belfast are known played under the name Detroit Cougars as one of several European teams invited to the States during their off/close season to play in the United Soccer Association.

Notable moments and facts

1961 Roger Maris Tiger Field home run.jpeg
Roger Maris of the New York Yankees strikes out against Detroit Tigers pitcher Jim Bunning in the top of the 3rd inning of a game on September 17, 1961 at Tiger Stadium.

When Ty Cobb played at Tiger Stadium, the area of dirt in front of home plate was kept wet by the groundstaff in order to slow down Cobb's bunts and cause opposing infielders to slip as they fielded them.[14] The area was nicknamed "Cobb's Lake".[14]

On July 18, 1921, Babe Ruth hit what is believed to be the verifiably longest home run in the history of major league baseball. It went to straightaway center, as many of Ruth's longest homers did, easily clearing the then-single deck bleacher and wall, landing almost on the far side of the street intersection. The distance of this blow has been estimated at between 575 and 600 feet (180 m) on the fly. On July 13, 1934, Ruth hit his 700th career home run. As noted in Bill Jenkinson's The Year Babe Ruth Hit 104 Home Runs, the ball sailed over the street behind the then-single deck bleachers in right field, and is estimated to have traveled over 500 feet (150 m) on the fly.

On May 2, 1939, an ailing New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig voluntarily benched himself at Briggs Stadium, ending a streak of 2,130 consecutive games. Due to the progression of the disease named after him, it was the final game in his career.

The stadium hosted the 1941, 1951 and 1971 MLB All-Star Games. All three games featured home runs. Ted Williams won the 1941 game with an upper deck shot. The ball was also carrying well in the 1951 and 1971 games. Of the many homers in those games, the most often replayed is Reggie Jackson's drive to right field that hit so high up in the light tower that the TV camera lost sight of it, until it dropped to the field below. Jackson dropped his bat and watched it sail, seemingly astonished at his own power display.

On April 7, 1986, Dwight Evans hit a home run on the first pitch of the Opening Day game, for the earliest possible home run in an MLB season (in terms of innings and at bats, not dates).

Tiger Stadium 1961.jpeg
Tiger Stadium in 1961

Tiger Stadium saw exactly 11,111 home runs, the last a right field, rooftop grand slam by Detroit's Robert Fick as the last hit in the last game played there.[15]

There were over 30 home runs hit onto the right field roof over the years. It was a relatively soft touch compared to left field, with a 325-foot (99 m) foul line and with a roof that was in line with the front of the lower deck. In left field, it was 15 feet (4.6 m) farther down the line, and the roof was set back some distance. Only four of the game's most powerful right-handed sluggers (Harmon Killebrew, Frank Howard, Cecil Fielder and Mark McGwire) reached the left field rooftop. In his career, Norm Cash hit four home runs over the Tiger Stadium roof in right field and is the all-time leader.[16]

The final game

On September 27, 1999, the final Detroit Tigers game was held at Tiger Stadium; an 8–2 victory over the Kansas City Royals, capped by a late grand slam by Robert Fick. Fick's 8th inning grand slam hit the right field roof and fell back onto the playing field, where it was retrieved by Tigers personnel. Fick's blast was the final hit, home run and RBI in Tiger Stadium's history. The whereabouts of the ball are currently unknown. Following the game, an emotional ceremony with past and present Tigers greats was held to mark the occasion. The Detroit Tigers moved to the newly constructed Comerica Park for their 2000 season, leaving Tiger Stadium unused.

After baseball

On July 24, 2001, the day Detroit celebrated its 300th birthday, a Great Lakes Summer Collegiate Game between the Motor City Marauders and the Lake Erie Monarchs was played at Tiger Stadium. It was in an effort by a local sports management company that is seeking to bring a minor league franchise to Detroit in the Frontier League.

On Saturday, February 4 and Sunday, February 5, 2006, a tent on Tiger Stadium's field played host to Anheuser-Busch's Bud Bowl 2006. Among performers at the nightclub-style event was Snoop Dogg.[17] After several years out of the public eye, the Bud Bowl event led the Detroit Free Press to make the interior of the stadium the feature of a photo series on February 1, 2006.[18] These photos showed the stadium's deteriorating condition, which included trees and other vegetation growing in the stands. Anheuser-Busch promoted the advertising event as Tiger Stadium's Last Call.

In early 2006, the feature-length documentary Stranded at the Corner was released. Funded by local businessman and ardent stadium supporter Peter Comstock Riley, and directed by Gary Glaser, it earned solid reviews and won three Telly awards and two Emmy awards for the film's writer and co-producer, Richard Bak (a local journalist and the author of two books about the stadium). It was also shown at the inaugural National Baseball Hall of Fame Film Festival, held in Cooperstown, New York, November 2006.[19]

Demolition

Tiger stadium demolition
Center field bleachers of Tiger Stadium during partial demolition.

Many private parties, non-profit organizations and financiers expressed interest in saving the ballpark after its closure. These included multiple proposals to convert the stadium into mixed-use condominiums and residential lofts overlooking the existing playing field. By 2006, however, demolition appeared inevitable when then-Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick announced the stadium would be razed the following year.

In December 2006, the Detroit Economic Growth Corporation (DEGC) hosted a walk-through for potential bidders on a project to remove assets from Tiger Stadium that qualified as "memorabilia" and to sell these items in an online auction hosted by Schnieder Industries.[20] Once the stadium was stripped of seating, signage and other items classified as non-structural (i.e. support columns) which would yield income for the City of Detroit at auction, demolition would commence.

The DEGC awarded the demolition contract on April 22, 2008, with the speculation that demolition revenue would come from the sale of scrap metal and not from the City of Detroit. Wrecking crews commenced operations on June 30, in the wall behind the old bleacher section facing I-75 near the intersection of Trumbull Avenue. The demolition of the left field stands opened up the stadium's interior to view for the first time in decades on July 9, 2008 (the ballpark had been double-decked since the late 1930s).[21]

After a hiatus wherein various plans to preserve portions of the stadium were considered,[22][23][24][25][26] demolition was completed in June 2009.

Tiger Stadium site 2011.jpeg
Tiger Stadium's site is now occupied by a baseball diamond, seen here in October 2011.

Redevelopment

During the summer of 2010, a group calling itself "The Navin Field Grounds Crew" began maintaining the playing field and hosting vintage baseball, youth baseball, and softball games at the site.[27] There was at one time also a sign on the enclosing fence labelling the site "Ernie Harwell Park",[28] and the name is also used to refer to the site on OpenStreetMap and other online mapping services based on it.

On December 16, 2014, a $33 million project by Larson Realty Group to redevelop the old Tiger Stadium site was approved by Detroit's Economic Development Corporation. Development plans include a four-story building along Michigan Avenue with about 30,000 square-feet of retail space and 102 residential property rental units, each averaging 800 square feet. Along Trumbull Avenue, 24 town homes are planned for sale. Detroit's Police Athletic League (PAL) headquarters will relocate to the site and maintain the field. PAL will build its new headquarters and related facilities on the western and northern edges of the site while preserving the historic playing field for youth sports, including high school and college baseball.[29][30][31]

Films and television

The stadium was depicted in Disney's award-winning Tiger Town, a 1983 made-for-television baseball film written and directed by Detroit native, Alan Shapiro, starring Roy Scheider, Sparky Anderson, Ernie Harwell and Mary Wilson, and (as Briggs Stadium) in the 1980 feature film Raging Bull where the stadium was the site of two of Jake LaMotta's championship boxing matches. Tiger Stadium was also seen in the film Hardball starring Keanu Reeves, Renaissance Man with Danny DeVito and in the aforementioned film 61*, where it "played" the part of Yankee Stadium as well as itself.

In the summer of 2000, the HBO movie 61* was filmed in Tiger Stadium. The film dramatized the efforts of New York Yankees teammates Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris during the 1961 season to break fellow Yankee Babe Ruth's single-season home run record of 60. (Coincidentally, Roger Maris hit his first home run of the 1961 season at Tiger Stadium.) For the film, Tiger Stadium was repainted to resemble Yankee Stadium in 1961.

During the very last days in which part of Tiger Stadium was still standing, scenes for the film, Kill the Irishman, depicting the old Cleveland baseball stadium were shot at the stadium, extending for a day (demolition continued the day after the single day shoot at the stadium on June 5, 2009) the life of Tiger Stadium.[32]

The pilot of the HBO series Hung featured the stadium's demolition in its opening scene.[33]

In popular culture

  • Sports Illustrated featured a poll of major league baseball players asking which stadium is the favorite to play in. Tiger Stadium usually placed within the top 5.
  • Green Cathedrals quoted Joe Falls, sportswriter for The Detroit Free Press, who used to say that there was a sign over the visitors' clubhouse entrance that read "No visitors allowed".
  • In Douglass Wallop's 1954 novel The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant (which inspired the Broadway musical Damn Yankees), Joe Hardy makes his debut for the Washington Senators team during a doubleheader at Tiger Stadium, hitting a game-winning home run in each game. During batting practice he hits one ball over the right field roof.
  • Artist Gene Mack, who drew a series of pictures of Major League parks, mentioned a bone that Ty Cobb used to "bone" his bats as part of his care for them. The bone stayed in the clubhouse after he left the Tigers in 1926 and, indeed, after he retired in 1928. In his autobiography, he noted that the last time he visited the Tigers' clubhouse (he died in 1961), that bone was still in use. As of 1999, when the Tigers completed their tenure at Tiger Stadium, a bone remained a fixture in the clubhouse on a table next to the bat rack.
  • In the music video for rapper Eminem's song "Beautiful", Eminem can be seen walking through the stadium, showing the destruction of the stadium.
  • In episode 9 of the second season of the HBO TV show Hung the main character "Ray" randomly and incoherently laments on the demolition of Tiger Stadium blaming it on the desire for a "glass box" or something. The scene was filmed on the remains of Tiger Stadium's field, in the area on and around the pitcher's mound as well as just outside the field's gates.

Books about Tiger Stadium

  • Richard Bak's A Place for Summer: A Narrative History of Tiger Stadium (1998).
  • Michael Betzold and Ethan Casey's Queen of Diamonds: The Tiger Stadium Story (2000).
  • Tom Stanton's "The Final Season (book): Fathers, Sons, and One Last Season in a Classic American Ballpark" (2001), winner of the Casey Award.

Seating capacity

Baseball
Years Capacity
1912–1922 23,000[34]
1923–1936 30,000[35]
1937 36,000[35]
1938–1960 58,000[36]
1961 52,904[37]
1962 52,850[38]
1963–1968 53,089[39]
1969–1977 54,226[40]
1978–1979 53,676[41]
1980 52,067[42]
1981 52,687[43]
1982–1988 52,806[44]
1989–1996 52,416[45]
1997–1999 46,945[46]
Football
Years Capacity
1938–1967 52,555[47]
1968–1970 54,082[48]
1971–1974 54,418[49]

Photo gallery

Tiger Stadium, Detroit

An empty Tiger Stadium in January 2005

Thecorner001

Tiger Stadium showing signs of neglect in 2006.

Tiger Stadium lettering removed

Tiger Stadium with facade lettering removed in November 2007.

TigerStadium No Seats 11 07 1

of visitors' bullpen and right field from lower deck, November 2007.

Tiger Stadium RF Nov 2007 2

Tiger Stadium with seats removed in November 2007.

Tiger Stadium exterior April 2008 - Detroit Michigan

Abandoned in April 2008; Tigers now play in Comerica Park.

Tiger Stadium Demonstration 1920

Demonstration against a School Amendment at Navin Field in 1920

References

  1. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  2. ^ "Bennett Park/Navin Field/Briggs Stadium/Tiger Stadium". Detroit1701. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  3. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  4. ^ Gallagher, John (February 2, 2016). "Detroit PAL hits goal for HQ at Tiger Stadium site". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
  5. ^ Detroit Tigers, Past Detroit Tigers Venues
  6. ^ "Tiger Stadium Damaged By Fire," United Press International, Wednesday, February 2, 1977.
  7. ^ jw1223117 | Flickr - Photo Sharing
  8. ^ jw121789 | Flickr - Photo Sharing
  9. ^ "Rangers Ballpark in Arlington". Archived from the original on 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  10. ^ Pontiac Silverdome History and Conception: Conception of the Pontiac Silverdome
  11. ^ http://boxrec.com/media/index.php?title=Fight:19824
  12. ^ http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1951/10/05/page/47/article/irish-to-play-detroit-in-1st-night-contest
  13. ^ http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1951/10/06/page/29/article/notre-dame-routs-detroit-40-to-6
  14. ^ a b Dickson, Paul (1989). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary. United States: Facts on File. p. 105. ISBN 0816017417.
  15. ^ Box Score of Game played on Monday, September 27, 1999 at Tiger Stadium
  16. ^ The Final Season, p. 85, Tom Stanton, Thomas Dunne Books, An imprint of St. Martin's Press, New York, 2001, ISBN 0-312-29156-6
  17. ^ ESPN - A six-pack to go at Tiger Stadium's hallowed ground - MLB
  18. ^ Photo Gallery: Tiger Stadium: Party host
  19. ^ Preserve Tiger Stadium
  20. ^ Welcome to TigerstadiumSale Archived October 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Tiger Stadium Field, Foul Poles to Be Saved". ESPN. July 10, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  22. ^ "Partial Demolition of Tiger Stadium Almost Done". MLive Detroit. November 4, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  23. ^ Gorchow, Zachary (October 10, 2008). "Deal Stalls Tiger Stadium Demolition". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  24. ^ Gorchow, Zachary. "Remnants of Tiger Stadium Safe – For Short Time". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  25. ^ Leubsdorf, Ben (June 2, 2009). "So Long: Detroit Board OKs Leveling Tiger Stadium". USA Today. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  26. ^ Beck, Jason (June 8, 2009). "Demolition of Tiger Stadium Resumes". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  27. ^ Saving Tiger Stadium, James Hughes, grantland.com, April 7, 2014
  28. ^ http://img.tapatalk.com/d/12/10/23/8yjagemu.jpg
  29. ^ Austin, Dan (December 16, 2014). "Renderings reveal future of Tiger Stadium, field". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  30. ^ Aguilar, Louis (December 16, 2014). "Key approval given to Tiger Stadium plans". Detroit News. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  31. ^ Bertha, Mike (December 16, 2014). "Who wants to live at Tiger Stadium? Development deal to include houses, preservation of field". MLB. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  32. ^ Watson, Ursula (June 5, 2009). "Tiger Stadium's Last Glory: Bit Part in Film". The Detroit News. Retrieved June 5, 2009.
  33. ^ Johnson, Reed (June 28, 2009). "'Hung' Speaks to People Disillusioned with the American Dream". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  34. ^ "Most Popular". CNN. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
  35. ^ a b "Past Detroit Tigers Venues". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  36. ^ "Mickey Coachrane Fired As Manager of Detroit Tigers". Meriden Record. August 8, 1938. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  37. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1961 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1961. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  38. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1962 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1962. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  39. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1963 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1963. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  40. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1969 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1969. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  41. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1978 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1978. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  42. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1980 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1980. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  43. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1981 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1981. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  44. ^ "Detroit Tigers 1982 Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. 1982. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  45. ^ "American League Park Directory". Baseball Digest. Lakeside Publishing Company. 55 (4): 126. April 1, 1996.
  46. ^ "American League Park Directory". Baseball Digest. Lakeside Publishing Company. 58 (4): 92. April 1, 1999.
  47. ^ "Packers Expect Gross Profit to Hit $50,000". Janesville Daily Gazette. December 13, 1957. p. 16.
  48. ^ Watson, Michael (November 22, 1970). "Pivotal Encounter for 49ers". The Argus (Fremont). p. 13.
  49. ^ Detroit Lions

External links

1948 Detroit Lions season

The 1948 Detroit Lions season was their 19th in the league. The team failed to improve on their previous season's output of 3–9, winning only two games. They failed to qualify for the playoffs for the 13th consecutive season. One notable aspect of this season was their use of maroon and black uniforms instead of the traditional honolulu blue and silver, due to head coach Bo McMillin, obviously influenced by his years as coach at Indiana. They would return to honolulu blue and silver the following season.

1960 Detroit Lions season

The 1960 Detroit Lions season was the 27th in the Motor City, and 31st season overall in franchise history. The Lions had only one win entering November, but had only one loss in their final seven games and finished at 7–5, one game short of the Western Conference championship (won by Green Bay). However, the Lions won the inaugural third place Playoff Bowl over the Cleveland Browns at the Orange Bowl in Miami.

1961 Green Bay Packers season

The 1961 Green Bay Packers season was their 43rd season overall and their 41st season in the National Football League. The club posted an 11–3 record under coach Vince Lombardi, earning them a first-place finish in the Western Conference and ending a fifteen-year playoff drought. The Packers ended the season by defeating the New York Giants 37–0 in the NFL Championship Game, the first title game ever played in Green Bay. This was the Packers 7th NFL league championship.

The 1961 season was the first in which the Packers wore their trademark capital "G" logo on their helmets.

1962 Detroit Lions season

The 1962 Detroit Lions season was the 33rd season in franchise history. In one of the best regular seasons in their history, the Lions posted an 11–3 record (.786), but finished two games behind the eventual NFL champion Packers in the NFL Western Conference. It was third straight season the Lions finished as runner-up to the Packers in the West.

As conference runner-up, Detroit won their third consecutive Playoff Bowl game over the Pittsburgh Steelers, 17–10. The third place game was played at the Orange Bowl in Miami on January 6, three weeks after the end of the regular season.The Lions never trailed by more than seven points at any point in any game during the season, a feat that was not repeated for 48 years. Their 26–14 win over the Packers

on Thanksgiving Day in Week 11 denied defending champion Green Bay the NFL's first true perfect season. The Lions were up 26–0 in the fourth quarter before Green Bay scored two touchdowns; the Packers had won the first meeting 9–7 in the mud in Green Bay with a late field goal on October 7.

1962 Green Bay Packers season

The 1962 Green Bay Packers season was their 44th season overall and their 42nd season in the National Football League. The club posted a 13–1 record under coach Vince Lombardi, earning them a first-place finish in the Western Conference. The Packers ended the season by defeating the New York Giants 16–7 in the NFL Championship Game, the Packers second consecutive defeat of the Giants in the championship game. This marked the Packers' eighth NFL World Championship.

In 2007, ESPN.com ranked the 1962 Packers as the fifth-greatest defense in NFL history, noting, "The great 1962 Packers had a rock-solid defense front to back, with five Hall of Famers: defensive linemen Willie Davis and Henry Jordan, linebacker Ray Nitschke, cornerback Herb Adderley, and safety Willie Wood. (They also had 1962 All-Pro linebackers Dan Currie and Bill Forester.) Green Bay gave up just 10.8 points per game, shutting out opponents three times. The Packers held opposing QBs to a 43.5 rating, due, in part, to Wood's league-leading nine interceptions. The Packers' defense allowed the Giants 291 yards in the NFL championship game, but held the Giants offense scoreless as the Packers won, 16–7 (New York scored on a blocked punt)."

The Packers' +267 point differential (points scored vs. points against) in 1962 is the best total of any NFL team in the 1960s. Cold Hard Football Facts says that the 1962 Packers "may have been the best rushing team in the history of football. And that team etched in historic stone the image of Lombardi's three-yards-and-a-cloud-of-dust Packers that is still so powerful today."

1962 Pittsburgh Steelers season

The 1962 Pittsburgh Steelers season was the franchise's 30th in the National Football League.

1966 Detroit Lions season

The 1966 Detroit Lions season was their 37th in the league. The team failed to improve on their previous season's output of 6–7–1, winning only four games. They missed the playoffs for the ninth straight season and incurred their second losing record in a row.

1970 Detroit Lions season

The 1970 Detroit Lions season was the 41st season in franchise history. With a record of 10–4, the Lions finished in second place in the NFC Central and qualified for the postseason for the first time since their championship season in 1957. The Lions fell 5–0 to the Dallas Cowboys in the lowest scoring game in NFL playoff history. One unusual loss during the regular season was to the New Orleans Saints on Week 8. The Lions had a 17–16 lead with only 2 seconds left, but Saints kicker Tom Dempsey booted a then-record 63-yard field goal as time expired to give the Saints a 19–17 win.

1974 Detroit Lions season

The 1974 Detroit Lions season was the 45th season in franchise history. It was the Lions' final season playing at Tiger Stadium; the team moved to the Pontiac Silverdome the following season and played home games there until the end of their 2001 season. Prior to the start of training camp, tragedy would strike the Lions, as Head Coach Don McCafferty died of a fatal heart attack at age 53. He would later be replaced by Lions assistant Rick Forzano, who would guide the Lions to a 7–7 record in their final season at Tiger Stadium. This would also be the last season until 2011 when Monday Night Football would air in the city of Detroit as a result of the Lions playing in Pontiac from 1975 to 2001, following by sub par seasons while playing home games at Ford Field during its first eight years.

America's Most Endangered Places

America's Most Endangered Places or America's Most Endangered Historic Places is a list of places in the United States that the National Trust for Historic Preservation considers the most endangered. It aims to inspire Americans to preserve examples of architectural and cultural heritage that could be "relegated to the dustbins of history" without intervention.Many of the locations listed by the Trust have been preserved, with there being some argument about how important the Trust's listing has actually been to their preservation. However, there have been notable losses, such as 2 Columbus Circle, which underwent significant renovations, and the original Guthrie Theater, demolition of which was completed in early 2007.

First released in 1987, the number of sites included on the list has varied, with the most recent lists settling on 11.

Cracker Jack

Cracker Jack is an American brand of snack consisting of molasses-flavored, caramel-coated popcorn and peanuts, well known for being packaged with a prize of trivial value inside. The Cracker Jack name was registered in 1896. A slogan, "The More You Eat The More You Want", was also registered that year. Some food historians consider it the first junk food.Cracker Jack is famous for its connection to baseball lore. The Cracker Jack brand has been owned and marketed by Frito-Lay since 1997. Frito-Lay announced in 2016 that the prizes would no longer be provided, replaced with a QR code which can be used to download a baseball-themed game.

Greatest Kiss

Greatest Kiss is a greatest hits album by American hard rock band Kiss. It was released in 1997 on Mercury Records.

List of Boston Red Sox captains

Eighteen different players have been full-time captains of the Boston Red Sox, an American professional baseball franchise also known previously as the Boston Americans. The list was created from scratch by baseball historian Howard W. Rosenberg in 2004. The Red Sox front office contacted Rosenberg in advance of Jason Varitek being named captain that year, after learning that Rosenberg, author of a 2003 book featuring captains in 19th-century baseball, had disputed the official count of captains in New York Yankees franchise history.In Major League Baseball, a captain is an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. This role has been particularly important during eras and situations in which managers and coaches have been precluded by the rules from interacting with players on the field while the game is in progress. As is the case with the National Hockey League, then- and now-retired captain Varitek wore a distinctive "C" on the left side of his jersey.

List of Kiss concert tours

Concert tours and notable concerts by the American band Kiss.

Between 1973 to 2014, Kiss played a total of 2212 concerts. Only Gene Simmons has played every show.

List of Major League Baseball All-Star Game broadcasters

The following is a list of the American radio and television networks and announcers that have broadcast the Major League Baseball All-Star Game over the years.

List of Major League Baseball All-Star Games

Eighty-nine Major League Baseball All-Star Games have been played since the inaugural one in 1933. The American League (AL) leads the series with 44 victories; two games ended in ties. The National League (NL) has the longest winning streak of 11 games from 1972–1982; the AL held a 13-game unbeaten streak from 1997–2009 (including a tie in 2002). The AL previously dominated from 1933 to 1949, winning 12 of the first 16. The NL dominated from 1950 to 1987, winning 33 of 42 with 1 tie, including a stretch from 1963 to 1982 when they won 19 of 20. Since 1988 the AL has dominated, winning 24 of 31 with one tie. In 2018 the AL took their first lead in the series since 1963.

The "home team" has traditionally been the league in which the host franchise plays its games, however the AL was designated the home team for the 2016 All-Star Game, despite it being played in Petco Park, home of the National League's San Diego Padres. This decision was made following the announcement of Miami as host for the 2017 All-Star Game, which was the third consecutive year in which the game is hosted in an NL ballpark. The criteria for choosing the venue are subjective; for the most part, cities with new parks and cities who have not hosted the game in a long time—or ever—tend to get the nod. In the first two decades of the game there were two pairs of teams that shared ballparks, located in Philadelphia and St. Louis. This led to some shorter-than-usual gaps between the use of those venues: The Cardinals hosted the game in 1940, and the Browns in 1948. The Athletics hosted the game in 1943, and the Phillies in 1952.

A second game was played for four seasons, from 1959 through 1962. The All-Star Game Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award was introduced in 1962 and the first recipient was Maury Wills of the Los Angeles Dodgers. The 2008 game featured the longest All-Star Game by time: 4 hours 50 minutes, and tied for innings at 15 with the 1967 game.

List of baseball parks used in film and television

List of baseball parks probably used in film and television includes baseball parks that may have been used as settings in filmmaking and television productions. Footage of actual sports events is most likely not included unless it was potentially used as stock footage or otherwise woven into a fictional storyline of a film or TV show. References are typically within the individual articles. This is not necessarily an exhaustive list.

Anaheim Stadium, Anaheim, CaliforniaAngels in the Outfield, 1994 film (exterior and sky shots)

Deuce Bigalow: Male Gigolo, 1999 filmAstrodome, HoustonBrewster McCloud, 1970 film (many scenes)

The Bad News Bears in Breaking Training, 1977 film (many scenes)

Murder at the World Series, 1977 made-for-TV film (several scenes)

Night Game, 1989 film (many scenes)Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, AtlantaThe Slugger's Wife, 1985 film (many scenes)Bosse Field, Evansville, IndianaA League of Their Own, 1992 (secondary setting, as home of the Racine Belles)Bush Stadium, Indianapolis, IndianaEight Men Out, 1988 film (standing in for both Comiskey Park and Redland Field)Candlestick Park, San Francisco, CaliforniaExperiment in Terror, 1962 film (closing scenes)

The Fan, 1996 film (many scenes)Citi Field, Queens, New YorkSharknado 2: The Second One, 2014 film

Cleveland Stadium, Cleveland, OhioMajor League, 1989 film (primary setting, but only a few scenes were actually shot there)College Park, Charleston, South CarolinaMajor League: Back to the Minors, 1998 film (primary setting)Comiskey Park, ChicagoThe Pride of the Yankees, 1942 film (some scenes)

The Stratton Story, 1949 film (many scenes)

Only the Lonely, 1991 film (one scene)Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles, California

Mr. Ed episode, "Leo Durocher Meets Mr. Ed", first aired Sep 29, 1963

Hickey & Boggs, 1972 film (a few scenes)

Better Off Dead, 1985 film (closing scenes)

The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad!, 1988 film (closing scenes)

The Sandlot, 1993 film (cameo)

The Fast and the Furious, 2001 film (opening scene driving in the parking lot)

Clubhouse, 2004 TV series (standing in for a fictional New York stadium)

Superman Returns 2006 film (one scene, with CGI alterations)

Transformers, 2007 film (one scene)Doubleday Field, Cooperstown, New YorkA League of Their Own, 1992 film (closing scenes)Durham Athletic Park, Durham, North CarolinaBull Durham, 1988 film (many scenes)Ebbets Field, Brooklyn, New YorkRoogie's Bump , Ernie Shore Field, Winston-Salem, North CarolinaMr. Destiny, 1990 (several scenes)

Fenway Park, Boston, MassachusettsField of Dreams, 1989 film (cameo)

Fever Pitch, 2005 film

The Town, 2010 film (lengthy scene depicting a robbery)

"Moneyball (film), 2011 film (one scene)

"Ted (film), 2012 film (one scene)

"Patriots Day (film), 2016 film (one scene)Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaAngels in the Outfield, 1951 filmGilmore Field, Los Angeles, CaliforniaThe Stratton Story, 1949 filmGrayson Stadium, Savannah, GeorgiaThe Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings, 1976 film (some scenes)Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C.Damn Yankees, 1958 film (crowd scenes)John O'Donnell Stadium, Davenport, IowaSugar, 2008 film (many scenes)League Stadium, Huntingburg, IndianaA League of Their Own, 1992 (primary setting, as home of the Rockford Peaches)

Soul of the Game, 1996 film (primary baseball setting)Luther Williams Field, Macon, GeorgiaThe Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings, 1976 film (many scenes)

Memorial Stadium, Baltimore, MarylandTin Men, 1987 film (exteriors, background)

Homicide: Life on the Street, 1993–99 TV series (occasional scenes)

Major League II, 1994 film (some scenes)Metrodome, Minneapolis, MinnesotaLittle Big League, 1994 film (primary setting)

Major League: Back to the Minors, 1998 film (secondary setting)Miller Park, Milwaukee, WisconsinMr. 3000, 2004 film (several scenes)Milwaukee County Stadium, Milwaukee, WisconsinMajor League, 1989 film (standing in for the primary setting of Cleveland Stadium)Minute Maid Park, Houston, TexasBoyhood, 2014 film (one scene)Nationals Park, Washington, District of ColumbiaHow Do You Know, 2010 film (one scene)Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, Oakland, CaliforniaAngels in the Outfield, 1994 film (primary setting)

"Moneyball (film), 2011 film (primary scene)

Oriole Park at Camden Yards, Baltimore, MarylandDave, 1993 film (cameo)

Homicide: Life on the Street, 1993–99 TV series (occasional scenes)

Major League II, 1994 film (primary setting)PNC Park, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaChasing 3000, 2008 film

Abduction, 2011 filmRangers Ballpark in Arlington, Arlington, TexasThe Rookie, 2002 film (primary setting)Safeco Field, SeattleLife, or Something Like It, 2002 film (some scenes)

Shea Stadium, Queens, New YorkThe Odd Couple, 1968 (cameo)

Bang the Drum Slowly, 1973 film (many scenes)

Seven Minutes in Heaven (film), 1985 film (one scene)

Seinfeld, TV series, 1992 episode "The Boyfriend" (cameo)

Men in Black, 1997 film (one scene)

Two Weeks Notice, 2002 film (one scene)Sportsman's Park, St. Louis, MissouriThe Pride of St. Louis, 1952 film

The Winning Team, another 1952 film

The Pride of the Yankees, 1942 film (cameo)

Tiger Stadium, Detroit, MichiganThe Pride of the Yankees, 1942 film (some scenes)

One in a Million: The Ron LeFlore Story, 1978, made-for-TV film (many scenes)

Tiger Town, 1983, made-for-TV film (many scenes)

61*, 2001, made-for-TV film (primary setting and Tiger Stadium)

Hardball, 2001, (one scene as 'Chicago Field')

Hung, 2009, pilot episode of HBO TV show

Kill the Irishman, 2011Turner Field, Atlanta, GeorgiaThe Change-Up, 2011 film

Trouble with the Curve, 2012 film

Flight, 2012 filmU. S. Cellular Field, ChicagoRookie of the Year, 1993 film (some scenes)

Little Big League, 1994 film (all games played by the featured Minnesota Twins on the road)

Major League II, 1994 film (some scenes)

My Best Friend's Wedding, 1997 film (cameo)War Memorial Stadium, Buffalo, New YorkThe Natural, 1984 film

Wrigley Field, ChicagoWrigley scenes in 1984 film The Natural were actually filmed at All-High Stadium in Buffalo, New York

The Blues Brothers, 1980 film (cameo)

Ferris Bueller's Day Off, 1986 film (one scene)

About Last Night..., 1986 film (one scene)

The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad!, 1988 film (cameo)

A League of Their Own, 1992 film (early scenes, as fictional Harvey Field)

Rookie of the Year, 1993 film (primary setting)

I Want Someone to Eat Cheese With, 2006 filmWrigley Field, Los Angeles, CaliforniaThe Stratton Story, 1949 film (a few scenes)

Angels in the Outfield, 1951 film (a few scenes)

The Kid from Left Field, 1953 film (many scenes)

Damn Yankees, 1958 film (primary setting – standing in for Griffith Stadium)

The Geisha Boy, 1948 film

Home Run Derby, 1959 TV series

The Twilight Zone, 1960 episode "The Mighty Casey"

Yankee Stadium I, Bronx, New YorkThe Pride of the Yankees, 1942 film (many scenes)

Woman of the Year, 1942 film (one scene)

Angels in the Outfield, 1951 film (setting for cameo by Joe DiMaggio)The FBI Story (1959)(Interior and exterior shots seen while FBI agents are keeping communist suspect under surveillance.)

West Side Story, 1961 film (cameo – overhead shot during opening credits)

Bang the Drum Slowly, 1973 film (several scenes standing in for Shea Stadium)

Seinfeld, TV series, cameos in various episodes 1994–98 starting with "The Opposite" (George Costanza's workplace)

For Love of the Game, 1999 film (many scenes)

Anger Management, 2003 film (closing scene)Yankee Stadium II, Bronx, New YorkThe Adjustment Bureau, 2011 film (one scene)Zephyr Field, Metairie, LouisianaMr. 3000, 2004 film (several scenes)

Tiger Stadium

Tiger Stadium may refer to:

Tiger Stadium (Corsicana), high school stadium in Corsicana, Texas

Tiger Stadium (Detroit), former home of the Detroit Tigers baseball team

Tiger Stadium (LSU), home of the Louisiana State University American football team

Tiger Stadium (West Alabama), home of the University of West Alabama American football team

Paul Brown Tiger Stadium, Massillon, Ohio

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Bennett Park
Home of the Detroit Tigers
1912–1999
Succeeded by
Comerica Park
Preceded by
University of Detroit Stadium
Home of the Detroit Lions
1938–1974
Succeeded by
Pontiac Silverdome
Preceded by
Sportsman's Park
Comiskey Park
Riverfront Stadium
Host of the All-Star Game
1941
1951
1971
Succeeded by
Polo Grounds
Shibe Park
Atlanta Stadium
Franchise
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Culture
Lore
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Division championships (4)
Conference championships (4)
League championships (4)
Media
Current league affiliations
Seasons (90)
Franchise
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Culture
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Important figures
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Key personnel
World Series
championships (4)
American League pennants (11)
Division titles (7)
Wild card berths (1)
Broadcasters
Detroit Heralds / Tigers / Panthers / Wolverines
The Franchise
Stadiums
NFL seasons
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Defunct stadiums of the National Football League
Early era:
19201940
Merger era:
19411970
Current era:
1971–present
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used by
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