Throwball is a non-contact ball sport played across a net between two teams of nine players on a rectangular court. It is popular in Asia, especially on the Indian subcontinent, and was first played in India as a women's sport in Chennai during the 1940s. Like volleyball, the game's roots are linked with the YMCA. Both volleyball and newcomb ball, while older games, share many similarities with throwball. Throwball rules were first drafted in 1955 and India's first national level championship was played in 1980.
|Highest governing body||International Throwball Federation|
|Team members||Nine players per team on court at once|
|Type||Indoor or outdoor|
According to the Throwball Federation of India, throwball is thought to have been drawn from a recreational sport popular among women in England and Australia during the 1930s. The YMCA brought the game to Chennai, where it was played as a women's sport in the 1940s. Harry Crowe Buck, who had founded the YMCA College of Physical Education in Chennai, drafted guidelines for throwball rules and regulations in 1955. The game reached Bangalore in the 1950s.
Throwball Federation of India (TFI) was formed along with the Indian National Throwball Championship. By 1990 throwball in India had become a sport for both men and women.
The playing court is somewhat larger than a volleyball court at 12.20 by 18.30 metres (40.03 ft × 60.04 ft) with a neutral box 1 metre (3 ft 3.37 in) on either side of the centre. The height of the net is 2.2 metres (7.22 ft). The ball is similar to a volleyball but may be slightly larger. While in volleyball the ball is hit or volleyed throughout play, in throwball the ball is thrown over the net, where a member of the other team tries to catch the ball and quickly throw it back across the net.
An official game is played between two teams of nine players. A maximum of three substitute players is allowed for each team, which can make a maximum of three substitutions during a set. A team can take two time-outs of 30 seconds each during a set. The first team to score 25 points wins a set. A match is three sets.
Service is within five seconds after the referee whistles and is done from the service zone, without crossing the end line. A player can jump while serving the ball. The service ball must not touch the net. Double touch is not allowed for receiving the service ball and players stay in3-3-3 position during the serve.
During a rally, the ball must be caught at once with both hands, without any sound or movement of the ball within the hands (dubs) and the player should have contact with the ground. Two players are not allowed to catch the ball simultaneously. The ball is thrown within three seconds after being caught, only from above the shoulder-line and only with one hand. A player cannot jump when throwing the ball, which can touch the net (but not the antenna). The player should have contact with the ground when catching the ball. However, the ball is not touched with any part of the body other than the palm when catching or throwing (body touch). The ball can neither be shifted (passed) to the left or right, nor deliberately pushed.
In official play, teams wear shorts and jersey uniform with numbers only in the range of 1–12 printed front and back.
In India, the National Throwball Championship is organized by the Throwball Federation of India.
A Junior International Throwball Match was conducted in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia in December 2015; eight countries participated.
Bala Bachchan is a member of INC and member of the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. He is the current Home Minister of Madhya Pradesh.Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – Hyderabad Campus
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – Hyderabad Campus (shortened to BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus or BPHC) is an engineering and science institute for higher education in India, located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. One of the 4 campuses of the BITS Pilani university, it opened in 2008 with the first batch graduating in 2012.Demonstration School, Mysore
Demonstration Multipurpose School (DMS), Mysore now officially renamed as Demonstration School, Mysore is one of the four schools which are spread across various cities in India (Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Ajmer and Mysore).
Demonstration School is a coeducation school for day scholars in Mysore, India, founded by Regional Institute of Education as a laboratory for preparation of teachers and for trying out innovative practices in school education and teacher education.
The school is surrounded by educational institutes like Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing and Gangothri School, and is spread over 120 acres (490,000 m2) of land in the city of Mysore.
School heads in the early days included T.G.Sathyanarayana and Nagaraja Chitradurga. The current head is Kalpana Venugopal (2014- )
The huge campus of Demonstration school includes
a science park,
a basketball, football, throwball, volleyball, field hockey and badminton court(s),
a farm house,
hostels and quarters (for college students and staff members),
a huge library, and
multiple beautiful gardens.Foundation Public School
Foundation Public School (FPS) is a private school based in Karachi, Pakistan, educating children from the ages of three and a half to eighteen, including O and A Levels. The school has nine campuses, one in Hyderabad offering Intermediate diplomas, and was founded in 1981.GRG Matriculation Higher Secondary School
GRG Matriculation Higher Secondary School (GRG MHSS) is a high school in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. It was founded in 1969 by Mr. G. R. Govindarajulu (GRG), who is part of the PSG Sons & Charities. It has been taken over by Mrs. Suguna, a daughter-in-law of (late) Mr. GRG. The school has classes from L.K.G to 10th standard in the matriculation stream and 11th and 12th Standard, in the higher secondary stream. This school was popular during the 70's, 80's and late 90's because of its close proximity to Avinashi Road and considered to be one of the best schools in the Peelamedu area.
It has good quality teachers who teach the students rather than coaching them for getting marks.During the late 80's and 90's, the school had best teachers - Mrs. Sivakami (Tamil), Mrs. Angela Rajkumar (Chemistry), Mrs. Lovelyn Burnaby (English), Mrs Indrani (Mathematics), Mrs. Shyammala (History). The school had sports houses like Bharani, Chitra and Revathi. Most experienced of them is Mrs. Rita Margret who has been a standard support for the institution in the past years and has been the reason for disciplined behavior of the students. It has very good lab facilities and well based lab technicians such as Mrs. Rani, Mr.Kannan, Mr.James who provide quality support for the students for working in laboratories.
It is a matriculation based school.
It encourages several extra curricular activities and supports sports like kabbadi,volleyball,badminton and throwball etc.Gowdanapalya
Gowdanapalya is one of the residential localities in Bangalore, India. It is situated in the south of the city, very close to the highway leading to Kanakapura. It is surrounded by Kumaraswamy Layout, Padmanabhanagar, Kadirenahalli, Uttarahalli, and Chikkakalasandra.
This is one the rapidly growing areas in Bangalore.This makes it one of the most conservative places to live in Bangalore. It has a substantial population of long-term, mostly Kannada-speaking residents. The area acts as a connecting link between ISRO Layout/Kumaraswamy Layout and Padmanabhanagar.
Gowdanapalya is famous for being the locality where "Rapsri engineering industries ltd" is located. It is also famous for its educational institutions viz. Bangalore International School, Prarthana School and Bright Way School to name a few. The popular cinema theatre 'Srinivasa Theatre' is a part of this area.
The one of the facts is about this place is, It once had two big Lakes, namingly, "Dore Kere" and "Gowdana-Kere". Now it has reduced to just one ("Dore Kere"), due to lack of care. Dore kere is popular among joggers. It also has a park with gym equipments and next to Dore kere is a place to play badminton called usa. People also play cricket,football,throwball and many other games in usa.Handball in India
In India, Handball and Handball Federation of India was founded by Mr. Jagat Singh Lohan from Rohtak (Haryana) who was an alumnus of YMCA College of Physical Education of Madras (now Chennai). He was also the first Secretary General of Handball Federation of India. Mr. Jagat Singh Lohan was founder/father of Handball, Netball and Throwball games in India. His efforts in Germany during Munich Olympics helped in establishing Handball Federation of India. The Member States were Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Vidharbha and Jammu and Kashmir.
The first Senior Men's National Handball Championship was held at Rohtak (Haryana) in the year 1972. Haryana won the gold medal and Vidharbha got the silver medal.
Handball Federation of India (HFI) manages handball in India. Handball is a popular sport in India, played at local level in India but hasn't made it big in domestic level. India has yet to make an impact at international level and the World Cup.International Roll Ball Federation
International Roll Ball Federation is an international sports body for the sport Roll Ball. This also has had its own world cup for Roll Ball since the first 2011 Roll Ball World Cup in Pune. India a member and host was runners-up Denmark won the world cup and a non-member. Many member nations did not take part and there were many non members. Since then there have been international Roll Ball World Cups in 2013, 2015 and 2017.
Roll Ball is a game designed by a Sports teacher of Maharashtra Education Society's Balshikshan Mandir School from Pune - Mr. Raju Dabhade. The game is a unique combination of roller skates, basketball, handball and throwball. 1st and 3rd World Cup was held in Pune-India, whereas 2nd World Cup was held in Nairobi-Kenya and 4th World Cup was organized in Dhaka-Bangladesh. More than 50 countries were participated in this world cup.Kendriya Vidyalaya Hebbal, Bangalore
Kendriya Vidyalaya Hebbal (Hindi: केन्द्रीय विद्यालय हेब्बाल,बंगलौर), is a school in Bangalore and part of the Kendriya Vidyalayas in India. It was started in 1965. The school is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education.The school has classes from I to XII with an enrollment of 2800. It has maintained a 100% pass percentage record in class X for seven consecutive years.Apart from academics, the school encourages students to participate in extra-curricular activities, competitions and games and sports events organized by the KV Sangathan and other schools at national level.KVH is also one of the few schools in India to get accredited by the Quality Council of India (QCI) and the National Accreditation Board for Education and Training (NABET). It has signed an MoU with QCI for promoting quality education in Kendriya Vidyalayas across India.List of international sports federations
This is a list of international sports federations, each of which serves as a non-governmental governing body for a given sport and administers its sport at a world level, most often crafting rules, promoting the sport to prospective spectators and fans, developing prospective players, and organizing world or continental championships. Some international sports federations like the International Swimming Federation and the International Skating Union may oversee multiple activities referred to in common parlance as separate sports: FINA, for example governs swimming, diving, synchronised swimming, and water polo as separate 'disciplines' within the single 'sport' of Aquatics.
International sports federations form an integral part of the Olympic and Paralympic movements. Each Olympic sport is represented by its respective international sport federation, which in turn help administer their respective events during the Games. For a sport to become an Olympic sport, its respective international sport federation must be recognized by the International Olympic Committee.Likewise, an international sports federation must be recognized by the International Paralympic Committee for its sport to become a paralympic sport, though in the latter case, several Paralympic Sports are governed by a dedicated committee of the International Paralympic Committee itself, under the World Para branding, for example track and field athletics for disabled athletes is governed by the IPC itself, under the name World Para Athletics. Other Paralympic sports are governed within the structure of the able-bodied equivalent: for example, the UCI governs both able-bodied and paralympic cycling.List of skill toys
A skill toy is an object or theatrical prop used for dexterity play or an object manipulation performance. A skill toy can be any static or inanimate object with which a person dances, manipulates, spins, tosses, or simply plays. Most skill toys are played alone, although some can be played with multiple people (such as footbag, juggling, and jump rope).Netball Federation of India
Netball Federation of India (NFI) (Hindi: भारतीय नेटबॉल महासंघ) is the national governing body of Netball in India. NFI is a non-profit, government funded organisation affiliated with the International Netball Federation (INF), the Asian Federation of Netball Association (AFNA) and the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) and recognised by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports. NFI was established in 1978 to standardise rules and regulations and to promote and develop the growth of netball in India. NFI operates all the Indian national representative netball sides, including the India national netball team and youth sides as well. NFI is also responsible for organising and hosting netball tournaments within India and scheduling the home international fixtures. Vagish Pathak is the current president of the organisation.Netball in India
Women started playing netball in India as early as 1926. The Sports Authority of India and the Government of India have provided a lot of funding with the goal of improving the performance of the country's youth national team.
Netball Federation of INDIA was established in 1978 by Ch Jagat Singh ChOuhan hailing from Haryana who was an alumnus of YMCA College of Physical Education of Madras (now Chennai) and at the same year he organised the first national championships in Jind, Haryana with great contribution of Mrs Shashi Prabha. Mr Jagat Singh Chouhan was founder/father of Handball, Netball and Throwball games in India. His effortd in Germany during Munich Olympics (1972) helped in making these a legacy in India.
India had a national team compete in the fifth Asian Netball Championships in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2001. National team captains include Prachi Tehlan, who captained the side that competed in the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi.Some of the important netball competitions held in India include:
The 2010 Commonwealth Games
The 7th Asian Youth Netball Championship, held from 3 to 10 July 2010, at the Thyagaraj Stadium.Some of the top performances for the India national netball team include:
2010 Nations Cup: Sixth place
2010 Asian Youth Netball Championship: FourthNewcomb ball
Newcomb ball (also known simply as Newcomb, and sometimes spelled Newcombe (ball)) is a ball game played as a variation of volleyball.
Invented in 1895 by Clara Baer, a physical education instructor at Sophie Newcomb College, Tulane University in New Orleans, it rivaled volleyball in popularity and participation in the 1920s. The game is significant because it was invented by a woman and became the second team sport to be played by women in the United States, after basketball. In an article in the Journal of Sport in 1996, Joan Paul speculates that Newcomb ball may have been an influence in the development of volleyball.Odisha Olympic Association
The Odisha Olympic Association (OOA) is the governing body of sports in Odisha. It is responsible for selecting athletes to represent India at the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games and National Games of India.Sport in India
India is home to a diverse population playing many different sports Cricket is the most popular sport in India. Field hockey is the most successful sport for India at Olympics in which India has won eight Olympic gold medals. Kabaddi is the most popular indigenous sport in the country. Other popular sports in India are badminton, football, basketball, chess, shooting, wrestling, boxing, tennis, squash, weightlifting, gymnastics, athletics and table tennis. Some indigenous sports are also popular in India such as Kho-kho, Kabaddi, Leg Cricket, Fighter kite, Polo and Gillidanda among others. There are some popular sports which have originated in India such as Chess, Leg Cricket, Snooker Kabbadi, Khido Khundi which is an ancient version of Field Hockey. India has won Olympic medals in Badminton, Wrestling, Shooting, Weightlifting, Boxing and Tennis. India has also won World Cups in Cricket, Field Hockey and Kabbadi.
India has hosted and co-hosted several international sporting events including the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the 1951 and 1982 Asian Games, the 1987, 1995 and 2016 South Asian Games, the 1987, 1996, 2011 Cricket World Cup and 2016 ICC World Twenty20, the 2003 Afro-Asian Games, the 1989, 2013 and 2017 Asian Athletics Championships, the 1982 and 2010 Men's Field hockey World Cup, 2016–17 Men's FIH Hockey World League, the 1979, 1987, 1991, 2003, 2010, 2013 and 2017 Asian Wrestling Championships, the 2009 BWF World Championships, the 2004, 2007 and 2016 Kabaddi World Cup (Standard style), the 1980,1992 and 2009 Asian Table Tennis Championships, the 1981 ABC Championship,
the 2009 FIBA Asia Championship for Women, the 1989, 2005, 2013 and 2017 Asian Cycling Championships. India has recently hosted the 2017 FIBA Women's Asia Cup, the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup, the 2017 ISSF World Cup and will host the 2018 Men's Hockey World Cup.
India has some premier domestic leagues in different sports which are very popular in the country. Indian Premier League (IPL) is a premier Twenty20 & the most popular cricket league in the world held every year since 2008. The I-League and Indian Super League are premier football league tournaments held since 2007 and 2014 respectively, the Pro Kabaddi league is the most popular indigenous league in the country held since 2014, the Hockey India League is the premier hockey league held since 2013, the Premier Badminton League is the badminton premier league held since 2013, the Pro Wrestling League premier Wrestling league held since 2015 and Ultimate Table Tennis league held since 2017.
Major international sporting events annually held in India include the Chennai Open in tennis, the Indian Masters in golf,
the India Open since 2008 and Royal Indian Open since 2001 in badminton. From 2011 to 2013, India hosted the Indian Grand Prix Formula 1 race at the Buddh International Circuit, Greater Noida.
The National Games of India is a national domestic sports event which has been held in the country since 1924 and for developing multi-sports culture in India Khelo India School Games, an event for under-17 school kids, had been started from 2018 as its first edition.The Frank Anthony Public School, Bangalore
Frank Anthony Public School (or FAPS) is a co-educational day-school, for students of age 4–18 years, in central Bangalore, India. It was founded in 1967 by the Anglo-Indian educationist and barrister-at-law, Frank Anthony. who was also the Founder-Chairman of the All India Anglo-Indian Educational Trust which, today, owns and administers five schools named after him, including The Frank Anthony Public School, New Delhi, The Frank Anthony Public School, Bengaluru, The Frank Anthony Public School, Kolkata and three Frank Anthony Junior Schools in the cities of Bangalore, Kolkata and Delhi.Vivekananda Educational Society
Vivekananda Educational Society (VES) is a registered non profit, service organization which owns and operates several schools located in the vicinity of Chennai. It has 20 schools in and around Chennai and one residential school, which are affiliated to Vidya Bharati Akhil Bharatiya Shiksha Sansthan. It was registered as a society in 1972 by a group of persons associated with the Vivekananda Rock Memorial. The society has 20,000 students attending its schools everyday across the city. This society is currently headed by Shri N. Gopalaswami who was a former Chief Election Commissioner of India known to be a person sticking to principles.
|Stick and ball sports|