Thriae

The Thriae (/ˈθraɪˌiː/; Ancient Greek: θριαί Thriaí) were nymphs, three virginal sisters, one of a number of such triads in Greek mythology.[1] They were named Melaina ("The Black"), Kleodora ("Famed for her Gift"), and Daphnis ("Laurel") or Corycia. They were the three Naiads (nymphs) of the sacred springs of the Corycian Cave of Mount Parnassus in Phocis.

It was Corycia who was the sister after whom the Corycian Cave was named. She was the mother of Lycoreus with Apollo.

Kleodora was loved by Poseidon, and with Poseidon (or Kleopompos) was the mother of Parnassos, who founded the city of Parnassus. (Pausanias 10.6.13).

Melaina was loved by Apollo, bearing him Delphos (although another tradition names Thyia as the mother of Delphos). Her name, meaning "the black," suggests that she presided over subterranean nymphs.

Notes

  1. ^ Hesiod's Theogony gives the Gorgon, the Horae, the Moirai, and the Charites; later myth adds the Erinyes, the Graiae, the Sirens, the Hesperides, and Greek cult has given more: see the list in Scheinberg 1979:2.

References

  • Scheinberg, Susan 1979. "The Bee Maidens of the Homeric Hymn to Hermes" Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 83 (1979), pp. 1–28.
Aceso

Aceso (Greek: Ἀκεσώ) was the Greek goddess of the healing process.

Alseid

In Greek mythology, Alseids (; Ἀλσηΐδες) were the nymphs of glens and groves. Of the Classical writers, the first and perhaps only poet to reference alseids is Homer. Rather than alseid he used the spelling alsea. The three uses of alsea by Homer are as follows:

"The nymphs who live in the lovely groves (ἄλσεα - alsea), and the springs of rivers (πηγαὶ ποταμῶν - pegai potamon) and the grassy meadows (πίσεα ποιήεντα - pisea poiëenta).""They [nymphs] come from springs (krênai), they come from groves (alsea), they come from the sacred rivers (ποταμοί - potamoi) flowing seawards.""The nymphs [of Mount Ida] who haunt the pleasant woods (alsea), or of those who inhabit this lovely mountain (ὄρος - oros) and the springs of rivers (pegai potamon) and grassy meads (pisea)."

Auloniad

The names of different species of nymphs varied according to their natural abodes. The Auloniad (; Αὐλωνιάς from the classical Greek αὐλών "valley, ravine") was a nymph who could be found in mountain pastures and vales, often in the company of Pan, the god of nature.

Eurydice, for whom Orpheus traveled into dark Hades, was an Auloniad, and it was in the valley of the Thessalian river Pineios where she met her death, indirectly, at the hands of Aristaeus. Aristaeus, son of the god Apollo and the nymph Cyrene, desired to ravish Eurydice. Either disgust or fear made the nymph run away from him without looking where she was going. Eurydice trod on a poisonous serpent and died.

Bee (mythology)

In mythology, the bee, found in Indian, Ancient Near East and Aegean cultures, was believed to be the sacred insect that bridged the natural world to the underworld.

Corycia

In Greek mythology, Corycia (Ancient Greek: Κωρύκια Korykia) or Corycis (Kôrukis), was a naiad who lived on Mount Parnassus in Phocis. Her father was the local river-god Kephisos or Pleistos of northern Boeotia. With Apollo, she became the mother of Lycoreus (Lyrcorus) who gave his name to the city Lycoreia.

Corycia was one of the nymphs of the springs of the Corycian Cave which was named after her. She was related to the nymph, Castalia, who presided over the sacred springs at Delphi. Corycia was closely identified with Kleodora and Melaina.The plural, Coryciae, is applied to the daughters of Pleistus.

Crinaeae

In Greek mythology, the Crinaeae (; Ancient Greek: Κρηναῖαι) were a type of Naiad nymphs associated with fountains or wells.

The number of Crinaeae includes but is not limited to:

Aganippe

Appias (Roman mythology)

Myrtoessa (one of the nurses of infant Zeus, lived in a well in Arcadia)

The Sithnides (a group of nymphs associated with a fountain in Megara)

Dryad

A dryad (; Greek: Δρυάδες, sing.: Δρυάς) is a tree nymph or tree spirit in Greek mythology. Drys signifies "oak" in Greek, and dryads are specifically the nymphs of oak trees, but the term has come to be used for all tree nymphs in general. They were normally considered to be very shy creatures except around the goddess Artemis, who was known to be a friend to most nymphs.

Eleionomae

The Eleionomae (; Ancient Greek: Ἐλειονόμαι) or Heleionomai (Ancient Greek: Ἑλειονομοι, "marsh dwelling" derived from heleios and nomos) were the naiads of marshes and wetlands in ancient Greek mythology. Aside from living in marshy environments, the Eleionomae often misled travelers with their illusions. The illusions constituted images of a traveler's loved ones. These nymphs also lured young, virgin boys and seduced them with their beauty.

Hamadryad

A hamadryad (; Greek: Ἁμαδρυάδες, Hamadryádes) is a Greek mythological being that lives in trees. They are a particular type of dryad, which are a particular type of nymph. Hamadryads are born bonded to a certain tree. Some believe that hamadryads are the actual tree, while normal dryads are simply the entities, or spirits, of the trees. If the tree died, the hamadryad associated with it died as well. For that reason, dryads and the gods punished any mortals who harmed trees.

Kleodora

In Greek mythology, Kleodora was one of the prophetic Thriai, nymphs who divined the future by throwing stones or pebbles. She and her sisters Melaina and Daphne lived on Mount Parnassus, were Delphi is located and was loved by Poseidon. With Poseidon she became the mother of Parnassus. In myths where demigods have two fathers the other is listed as Kleopompos. Parnassus is famous for creating a method of telling the future by using birds and founding the main city on Mt. Parnassus. Her father was the local river-god Cephissus of northern Boeotia.

The meaning of her name and the names of her sisters connect her to the future and Apollo. Kleodora means Glorious Gift, Melania means The Black, and Daphnis means Laurel. Kleodora's name refers to her gift of prophecy. Melania's name refers to the black that would surround the stones used for Prophecy. Daphnis' name is directly related to Apollo because laurels were often used to represent him.

Lampad

The Lampads or Lampades (Greek: Λαμπάδες) are the nymphs of the Underworld in Greek mythology.

Leimakid

In Greek Mythology, Leimakids were nymphs of meadows. They are also known as Leimoniads.

Reference: Enclopedia of Fairies in World Folklore and Mythology, page 213, under "Lemiakid" https://books.google.ca/books?id=nSuXAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA213&lpg=PA213&dq=Leimakid&source=bl&ots=lTQP6k7aax&sig=9uFlGaVX26GUPeYJY_sFkDCBR3Y&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjutt-08eHUAhWs6YMKHQvSBxc4FBDoAQgeMAE#v=onepage&q=Leimakid&f=false}}

Limnad

In Greek mythology, the Limnads (; Ancient Greek: Λιμνάδες) or Limnatides (Ancient Greek: Λιμνατιδες) or Leimenids (; Ancient Greek: Λειμενίδες) were a type of Naiad.

Melaina

In Greek mythology, Melaena or Melena (Ancient Greek: Μέλαινα, romanized: Mélaina, feminine Ancient Greek: μέλᾱς, romanized: mélās "black, dark") or Melane (Koinē Greek: Μελανή, romanized: Melanḗ) was a Corycian nymph, or member of the prophetic Thriae, of the springs of Delphi in Phocis, who was loved by Apollo and bore him Delphos. Her father was one of the local river gods, either Kephisos or Pleistos of northern Boeotia. Melaina was also identified with Thyia who is named as the mother of Delphos in other traditions. In some legends, she is called the daughter of Persephone by Hades.

Minthe

In Greek mythology, Minthe (also Menthe, Mintha or Mentha; Greek: Μίνθη or Μένθη) was a naiad associated with the river Cocytus.

Napaeae

In Greek mythology, the Napaeae (; Ancient Greek: ναπαῖαι, from νάπη, "a wooded dell") were a type of nymph that lived in wooded valleys, glens or grottoes. Statius invoked them in his Thebaid, when the naiad Ismenis addresses her mortal son Krenaios:

I was held a greater goddess and the queen of Nymphae. Where alas! is that late crowd of courtiers round thy mother's halls, where are the Napaeae that prayed to serve thee?

Nephele

In Greek mythology, Nephele (; Greek: Νεφέλη, from νέφος nephos "cloud"; Latinized to Nubes) was a cloud nymph who figured prominently in the story of Phrixus and Helle.

Nesoi

The Nesoi (Greek Nῆσοι "islands"), in ancient Greek religion, were the goddesses of islands. Each island was said to have its own personification. They were classified as one of the Protogenoi, otherwise known as ancient elemental Greek primordial deities. The Nesoi were thought to have been Ourea who were cast under the sea during one of Poseidon's rages.

Oread

In Greek mythology, an Oread (; Ancient Greek: Ὀρειάς, stem Ὀρειάδ- Oreas/Oread-, from ὄρος, "mountain") or Orestiad ; Όρεστιάδες, Orestiades) is a mountain nymph. They differ from each other according to their dwelling: the Idaeae were from Mount Ida, Peliades from Mount Pelion, etc. They were associated with Artemis, since the goddess, when she went out hunting, preferred mountains and rocky precipices. They were very aggressive.

The term itself appears to be Hellenistic, first attested in Bion of Smyrna's Αδὠνιδος Επιτἀφιος and thus post-Classical.

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