Thomas Jefferson University

Jefferson (Philadelphia University + Thomas Jefferson University), commonly known as Thomas Jefferson University, is a private university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was formed in 2017 through the merger of Philadelphia University and Thomas Jefferson University.

Jefferson (Philadelphia University + Thomas Jefferson University)
Jefferson logo
MottoPowered to Do What's Now, Powered to Do What's Next!
TypePrivate
Established1884
PresidentStephen K. Klasko
ProvostMark Tykocinski
Undergraduates7,800
Location, ,
United States
CampusSuburban, 100 acres (0.4 km²)
AffiliationsNCAA Division II, CACC
MascotPhil the Ram[1]
Websitewww.jefferson.edu

History

Philadelphia University

At the 1876 Centennial Exposition, local textile manufacturers noticed that Philadelphia's textile industry was falling behind its rivals' capacity, technology, and ability. In 1880, they formed the Philadelphia Association of Manufacturers of Textile Fabrics, with Theodore C. Search as its president, to fight for higher tariffs on imported textiles and to educate local textile leaders. Search joined the board of directors of the Philadelphia Museum and School of Industrial Art (now the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the University of the Arts), thinking it the perfect partner for his plans for a school, and began fundraising in 1882.

In early 1884, Search himself taught the first classes of the Philadelphia Textile School to five students at 1336 Spring Garden Street. The school was officially opened on November 5, 1884. The school moved to 1303-1307 Buttonwood Street in 1891, then moved again in 1893.

Enrollment had been growing steadily and the school was turning away "bright young fellows" for lack of space. Search and the board of trustees of the school took out a mortgage on the former Philadelphia Institute of the Deaf and Dumb on the corner of Broad and Spruce Streets. This allowed rapid expansion of academic offerings and capacity of students.

In 1942, the school was granted the right to award baccalaureate degrees and changed its name to the Philadelphia Textile Institute (PTI). In 1949, having decided to break its ties with the museum, PTI moved to its present site in the East Falls section of Philadelphia.

In 1961, the school changed its name again, to Philadelphia College of Textiles & Science. The university's student population doubled between 1954 and 1964, and doubled again by 1978, with programs in the arts, sciences, and business administration being introduced. The College purchased an adjoining property in 1972, doubling the size of its campus. In 1976, it offered its first graduate degree, the Master of Business Administration. The purchase of additional properties in East Falls in 1980 and 1988 nearly doubled the campus again, adding classrooms, research laboratories, student residences, and athletic facilities. In 1992, the 54,000-square-foot (5,000 m2) Paul J. Gutman Library opened.

During the 1990s, the college began to offer undergraduate majors in a wider range of fields, resulting in the college being granted university status by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1999. The Board of Trustees voted to change the college’s name to Philadelphia University, or PhilaU for short, on July 13, 1999.

Thomas Jefferson University

Tivoli Theater Jefferson Medical College
The Tivoli Theater in Philadelphia, first home of the Jefferson Medical College

Thomas Jefferson University began as a medical school. During the early 19th century, several attempts to create a second medical school in Philadelphia had been stymied, largely by University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine alumni.[2][3] In an attempt to circumvent that opposition, a group of Philadelphia physicians led by George McClellan sent an 1824 letter to the trustees of Jefferson College (now Washington & Jefferson College) in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, asking them to establish a medical department in Philadelphia.[4] The trustees agreed, establishing the Medical Department of Jefferson College in Philadelphia in 1825.[2][4] In response to a second request, the Pennsylvania General Assembly granted an expansion of Jefferson College's charter in 1826, endorsing the creation of the new department and allowing it to grant medical degrees.[2][4][5] An additional 10 Jefferson College trustees, including Joel Barlow Sutherland, were appointed to supervise the new facility from Philadelphia, owing to the difficulty of managing a medical department on the other side of the state.[4] Two years later, this second board was granted authority to manage the Medical Department, while the Jefferson College trustees maintained veto power for major decisions.[4]

The first class was graduated in 1826, receiving their degrees only after the disposition of a lawsuit seeking to close the school.[4] The first classes were held in the Tivoli Theater on Prune Street in Philadelphia, which had the first medical clinic attached to a medical school.[6] Owing to the teaching philosophy of Dr. McClellan, classes focused on clinical practice.[6] In 1828, the Medical Department moved to the Ely Building, which allowed for a large lecture space and the "Pit," a 700-seat amphitheater to allow students to view surgeries.[6] This building had an attached hospital, the second such medical school/hospital arrangement in the nation, servicing 441 inpatients and 4,659 outpatients in its first year of operation.[6] The future founder of gynecology J. Marion Sims studied there from 1834-1835, when he graduated. The relationship with Jefferson College survived until 1838, when the Medical Department received a separate charter, allowing it to operate separately as the Jefferson Medical College.[5][7] At this time, all instructors, including McClellan, were vacated from the school and the trustees hired all new individuals to teach. This has been considered the time at which the school came to be considered a "legitimate" medical school.[2][8]

In 1841, Jefferson Medical College hired what would be dubbed "The Faculty of '41", an influential collection of professors including Charles Delucena Meigs and Mütter Museum founder Thomas Dent Mütter. This collection of professors would institute numerous changes to Jefferson—including providing patient beds over a shop at 10th and Sansom Streets in 1844—and the staff would remain unchanged for 15 years.[9] The graduating class of 1849 included a son of college founder Joel Barlow Sutherland, Charles Sutherland, who went on to serve as Surgeon General of the United States Army.[10]

A 125-bed hospital, one of the first in the nation affiliated with a medical school, opened in 1877, and a school for nurses began in 1891. The Medical College became Thomas Jefferson University on July 1, 1969. As an academic health care center, Jefferson is currently involved in education, medical research, and patient care. Jefferson Medical College is the 9th oldest American medical school that is in existence today.[11]

EakinsTheGrossClinic
Thomas Eakins' painting The Gross Clinic, housed at Jefferson University from 1876 to 2006

In January 2007, the university sold Thomas Eakins' painting The Gross Clinic, which depicts a surgery that took place at the school, for $68 million, to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, in association with the Philadelphia Museum of Art.[12] A reproduction hangs in its place at Jefferson University.

On June 17, 2014, Sidney Kimmel donated $110 million to Jefferson Medical College, prompting the announcement that Jefferson Medical College would be renamed Sidney Kimmel Medical College [13]

2017 merger

In May 2017, the two universities announced that they would merge to become Thomas Jefferson University.[14]

Academics

WoMedCoOPenn
Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania

Jefferson offers 160+ undergraduate and graduate programs, including the former Philadelphia University's flagship colleges:

  • College of Architecture and the Built Environment
  • Kanbar College of Design, Engineering and Commerce
  • College of Science, Health and the Liberal Arts
  • School of Continuing and Professional Studies

Campus

The university's East Falls 100-acre (40 ha) wooded campus is located ten minutes northwest of Center City, Philadelphia on SEPTA's Chestnut Hill West commuter rail line. The campus consists of 52 buildings, including classrooms, laboratories, studios, the Paul J. Gutman Library, resident facilities, an exhibition gallery, and the latest additions, the 72,000-square-foot (6,700 m2) Kanbar Campus Center for students, faculty and staff; the Gallagher Athletic, Recreation and Convocation Center; the LEED Gold Center for Sustainability, Energy Efficiency and Design; the PhilaU Residences at Falls Center, and the innovative DEC Center. A subsidiary campus is located in Bucks County.[15]

In addition to its major properties, Jefferson runs the Philadelphia University Research Center, which is housed in a restored textile mill (originally opened in 1864) in the Manayunk section of Philadelphia, just south of the main campus. The research center contains both the Engineering and Design Institute and the Laboratory for Engineered Human Protection.[16]

Athletics

The Jefferson sports teams are known as the Jefferson Rams. The merged school chose to retain PhilaU's nickname and the athletic program follows the overall institution in using the branding of "Jefferson" when describing the university as a whole.

The university is known for its men's basketball program, particularly coach Herb Magee, who became the most successful men's basketball coach in NCAA history on February 23, 2010, and was inducted into the Class of 2011 of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Now in his 46th season, Magee is celebrating 54 years at Philadelphia University as a student, player and coach, highlighted by an NCAA Division II Basketball Championship in 1970. Magee was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters by President Stephen Spinelli Jr. at Philadelphia University's 125th Commencement in 2009.[1]

The university women's basketball program is under Athletic Director and Women's Basketball Coach Tom Shirley. Shirley, who has been the University’s director of athletics since 1992, has won 607 games, which places him sixth on the NCAA DII career wins list and 30th on the NCAA all-divisions career coaching wins list. On January 19, 2011, Shirley took his 600th win as the Rams defeated Chestnut Hill College 76–60.

Bob File played for the PhilaU Rams men's baseball program.

In the 2006–2007 season, Philadelphia University started a rowing program under head coach Chris O'Brien. In its inaugural season it won the Dad Vail Regatta in the Women's Novice Heavy Eight. The 2008–2009 season was also notable for the success of the men's and women's tennis teams, with both winning the CACC (Central Atlantic Collegiate Conference).

Notable alumni

References

  1. ^ "Thomas Jefferson University - Missing Page". www.philau.edu.
  2. ^ a b c d Gayley, James Fyfe (1858). A history of the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Joseph M. Wilson.
  3. ^ "George McClellan, Founder". A Brief History of Thomas Jefferson University. Thomas Jefferson University. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Pedrick, Alexander K. (1898). "The Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia". Charitable Institutions of Pennsylvania. 1. State Printer of Pennsylvania. pp. 177–202.
  5. ^ a b "Establishing a School". A Brief History of Thomas Jefferson University. Thomas Jefferson University. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
  6. ^ a b c d "Early Homes". A Brief History of Thomas Jefferson University. Thomas Jefferson University. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
  7. ^ Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania, ed. (September 1915). "Jefferson Medical College". The Pennsylvania Medical Journal. 18. p. 950.
  8. ^ Morton, Samuel George (1849). Biographical Notice of the Late George McClellan, M. D. . Philadelphia: College of Physicians of Philadelphia – via Wikisource.
  9. ^ Aptowicz, Cristin (September 2014). Dr Mutter's Marvels: A True Tale of Intrigue and Innovation at the Dawn of Modern Medicine. New York: Avery Books. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-592-40925-9.
  10. ^ Pilcher, James Evelyn (1905). The Surgeon Generals of the Army of the United States of America. Carlisle, PA: Association of Military Surgeons of the United States. p. 79.
  11. ^ "Essay::Health Sciences Library". Upstate.edu. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
  12. ^ Michael Kimmelman (January 12, 2007). "In the Company of Eakins". The New York Times.
  13. ^ "Kimmel donates $110M to Jefferson". philly-archives.
  14. ^ Lattanzio, Vince (May 5, 2017). "Philadelphia University Will Be Renamed Thomas Jefferson University When Merger Complete". NBC 10. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  15. ^ "About PU". Retrieved September 1, 2007.
  16. ^ "Philadelphia University Research Center". Retrieved September 1, 2007.
  17. ^ SLOBODZIAN, JOSEPH. "Healer or monster?". https://www.philly.com. External link in |website= (help)

External links

Coordinates: 40°01′23″N 75°11′31″W / 40.023°N 75.192°W

Bethany Hall-Long

Bethany A. Hall-Long (born November 12, 1963) is an American politician and a member of the Democratic Party. She currently serves as the 26th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware. Hall-Long previously served in the Delaware Senate from 2009 to 2017 and in the Delaware House of Representatives from 2003 to 2009. She was elected lieutenant governor in 2016, defeating Republican La Mar Gunn.

Carl Rogers Darnall

Brigadier General Carl Rogers Darnall (December 25, 1867 in Weston, Texas – January 18, 1941 in Washington, D.C.) was a United States Army chemist and surgeon credited with originating the technique of liquid chlorination of drinking water. Chlorination has been an exceedingly important innovation in public health, saving innumerable lives.

Charles B. Mitchel

Charles Burton Mitchel (September 19, 1815 – September 20, 1864) was an American politician who served as a Confederate States Senator from Arkansas from February 18, 1862 until his death in 1864. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented Arkansas as a U.S. Senator in 1861.

Chester M. Southam

Chester Milton Southam (October 4, 1919 – April 5, 2002) was an immunologist and oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Cornell University Medical College; he went to Thomas Jefferson University in 1971 and worked there until the end of his career.Southam earned a bachelor of science degree and a master's degree from University of Idaho and his medical degree from Columbia University, graduating in 1947. He became an intern at Presbyterian Hospital in New York City in 1947. In the following year he was promoted from clinical fellow to attending physician at the Memorial Hospital for Cancer and also received a promotion from research fellow to full member at the Chief Division Virology/Immunology. He joined the faculty of Cornell's medical college in 1951 and was eventually promoted to full professor.From the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s, Southam conducted clinical research on people without their informed consent, in which he injected cancer cells (HeLa cells) into their skin, to see if their immune system would reject the cancer cells or if the cells would grow. He did this to patients under his care or others' care, and to prisoners. In 1963, doctors Avir Kagan, David Leichter and Perry Fersko of Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital objected to the lack of consent in his experiments and reported him to the Regents of the University of the State of New York which found him guilty of fraud, deceit, and unprofessional conduct, and in the end he was placed on probation for a year. Southam's research was conducted in an era when cancer research was closely followed in the mainstream media; his experiments and the case at the Regents were reported in The New York Times.In the 1950s, Southam also tested the West Nile Virus as a potential virotherapy; he injected it into over 100 cancer patients who had terminal cancer and few treatment options. This work had some good results and was also reported in The New York Times, but some people he injected got severe cases of West Nile fever; he went on to do further research to see if he could "train" the virus to kill cancer without the common side effects of chemotherapy.Southam was later elected president of the American Association for Cancer Research. In 1971, Southam left his positions at Memorial Sloan Kettering and Cornell and became an attending physician in the Department of Medicine and Head of the Division of Medical Oncology at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and a professor of medicine at Thomas Jefferson University Medical College; he held these positions until the end of his career in 1979.

Harry Lott

Harry Hunter Lott (January 13, 1880 – February 5, 1949) was an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics, winning the gold medal in the men's eight. He was born in Philadelphia.

Lott rowed for the Vesper Boat Club while he was a medical student at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia. After the Olympics, he earned his medical degree and practiced in Philadelphia as an otolaryngologist specializing in diseases of the ear. He eventually became a professor at his alma mater, which was eventually renamed Thomas Jefferson University.

Herb Conaway

Herbert C. Conaway, Jr., commonly known as Herb Conaway (born January 30, 1963) is an American Democratic Party politician, who has served in the New Jersey General Assembly since 1998, where he represents the 7th Legislative District.

Herb Magee

Herb Magee (born June 20, 1941), commonly referred to as the Shot Doctor, is an NCAA Division II men's college basketball coach at Thomas Jefferson University. The school was established in its current form when Philadelphia University, Magee's alma mater, merged with the original Thomas Jefferson University in 2017. The former Philadelphia University was known as Philadelphia College of Textiles & Science and athletically branded as "Philadelphia Textile" when Magee first became head coach in 1967, becoming Philadelphia University in 1999. He is entering his 51st year as head coach, and his 59th year as either a player or coach at the school. In 2015, he achieved his 1,000th win as a head coach, becoming one of only four college coaches to achieve that milestone. On August 12, 2011, Magee was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.

Ignazio Marino

Ignazio Roberto Maria Marino (pronounced [iɲˈɲattsjo maˈriːno]; born 10 March 1955) is an Italian transplant surgeon who was Mayor of Rome from 2013 to 2015.

He was a member of the centre-left Democratic Party and held a seat in the Italian Senate from 2006 until his election as mayor of Rome. He was elected Mayor of Rome in June 2013. Shortly after his victory in the elections he was approached by an organised crime network which rigged public contracts and embezzled funds. Marino took the case to prosecutors, starting the 2014 Rome corruption scandal. On 12 October 2015, Marino resigned from the Office of Mayor amidst an expense scandal that had been made by the opposition parties of M5S and Fratelli d'Italia, but on 29 October he retired the resignation. Nevertheless, on 30 October he was ousted from his position after 26 of the 48 members of the City Council resigned. On 7 October 2016, Rome court acquitted Marino over the allegations of embezzlement, fraud and forgery that had been made by the opposition parties of M5S and Fratelli d'Italia and after which he had stepped down to prove his innocence. The court decided for a full acquittal and ruled that Marino's actions "did not constitute a crime" and that the alleged facts "did not take place," according to article 530 of the Italian C.P.P..

As a surgeon, he trained with Thomas Starzl, who had pioneered liver transplantion in humans. In 1992–1993, as a member of Starzl's team at the University of Pittsburgh in the United States, he helped conduct two baboon-to-human liver transplants. He was instrumental in setting up the ISMETT liver transplant centre in Palermo, Sicily, which was founded in 1997. In 2001 he performed the first organ transplant in Italy for a person with HIV. In the United States he has held chairs as Professor of Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh and at the Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia.

Isaac Newton Evans

Isaac Evans (July 29, 1827 – December 3, 1901) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Jefferson Health

Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals Inc, branded as Jefferson Health, is a multi-state non-profit health system whose flagship hospital is Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Center City, Philadelphia. The health system's hospitals serve as the teaching hospitals of Thomas Jefferson University. Although two separate entities, Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Health are combined together under the same leadership that includes a single board of directors.

Jefferson Tower

Jefferson Tower, formerly known as the Aramark Tower and One Reading Center, is a high-rise office building located at 1101 Market Street in the Center City section of Philadelphia. The building stands 412 feet (126 meters) tall with 32 floors and is currently the 26th-tallest building in the city.

The building was originally conceived by the Reading Company while in a state of bankruptcy as a way to capitalize on its real estate holdings in Center City. Reading was granted development rights for the building along with a large parking complex in exchange for granting the city easements for developing the Jefferson Station (then Market East Station) entrance in the ground floor of the adjacent Reading Terminal. Construction soon began and the building was completed in 1984. The building was designed by Bower Lewis Thrower (BLT) Architects of Philadelphia.

In 2018, Aramark vacated the building when the company relocated its headquarters to 2400 Market Street. In its place, Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Health will become the primary tenant. Thomas Jefferson University plans to occupy 14 floors of the 32 story building, which will be renamed Jefferson Tower.

Nathan Gaither

Nathan Gaither (September 15, 1788 – August 12, 1862) was a U.S. Representative from Kentucky.

Born near Mocksville, North Carolina, Gaither completed preparatory studies.

He attended Bardstown College.

He studied medicine.

He was graduated from Jefferson Medical College and began practice in Columbia, Kentucky.

He served as assistant surgeon in the War of 1812.

He served as member of the State house of representatives 1815–1818.

Gaither was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Congresses (March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1833).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection 1832 to the Twenty-third Congress.

He served as delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1849.

He was again a member of the State house of representatives 1855–1857.

He resumed the practice of medicine.

He died in Columbia, Kentucky, August 12, 1862.

He was interred in Columbia Cemetery.

Pete Allen (baseball)

Jesse Hall "Pete" Allen (May 1, 1868 – April 16, 1946) was a professional baseball player whose career spanned two seasons, including a part of one in Major League Baseball with the Cleveland Spiders (1893). Allen played one game in the majors and went hitless four at-bats. In that game, Allen played catcher. He also played in the minor leagues with the Binghamton Bingoes (1893) and the New Castle, Pennsylvania baseball team (1895). During Allen's time in the minors, he played catcher and outfielder. After his baseball career was over, Allen enrolled in the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine where he graduated in 1897. Soon after, Allen began practicing medicine, specializing in proctology.

Reginald Ho

Reginald T. Ho is a cardiologist at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia. Also known as Reggie Ho, he gained fame as the star kicker on the 1988 Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team.

Robert L. Barchi

Robert Lawrence Barchi (born November 23, 1946) is the 20th and current President of Rutgers University, having taken office on September 1, 2012. Barchi was appointed to the position on April 11, 2012, to succeed Richard L. McCormick. Previously, Barchi was president of Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, prior to which he was provost of the University of Pennsylvania.Barchi is a board-certified neurologist.

He earned his BSc degree from Georgetown University in 1968, a PhD in biochemistry from the University of Pennsylvania in 1972, and an MD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1973. Born in Philadelphia, Barchi grew up in Westfield, New Jersey, before moving back to Yardley, Pennsylvania during his freshman year of high school, attending St. Joseph's Preparatory School in Philadelphia.

Barchi's appointment came as Rutgers was preparing to absorb most of the schools, programs and facilities of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey following the approval of a merger proposal by the New Jersey Legislature and the Governor of New Jersey during the summer of 2012.

Samuel D. Gross

Samuel David Gross (July 8, 1805 – May 6, 1884) was an American academic trauma surgeon. Surgeon biographer Isaac Minis Hays called Gross "The Nestor of American Surgery." He is immortalized in Thomas Eakins' The Gross Clinic (1875), a prominent American painting of the nineteenth century. A bronze statue of him was cast by Alexander Stirling Calder and erected on the National Mall, but moved in 1970 to Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia.

Santasabuj Das

Santasabuj Das is an Indian medical doctor, molecular immunologist, bioinformatician and a scientist at the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata. He is known for his studies on the pathogenesis of various types of infections caused by Salmonella in humans and is an elected fellow of the West Bengal Academy of Science and Technology. He is a former Fulbright scholar and a life member of the Probiotic Association of India, the Society of Biological Chemists, India and the Indian Science Congress Association. The Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India awarded him the National Bioscience Award for Career Development, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to biosciences, in 2011.

Santosh G. Honavar

Santosh Gajanan Honavar (born 28 March) is an Indian ophthalmologist and the director of the Department of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty at Centre for Sight, Hyderabad. A former Head of the Department of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery and Ocular Oncology and Associate Director at L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, he is known for his research on retinoblastoma. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to Medical Sciences in 2009.

Thomas Jefferson (University of Virginia)

Thomas Jefferson is a statue of Thomas Jefferson in front of the Rotunda at the University of Virginia.

In August 2017 the statue was the target of graffiti vandalism.In September 2017 the statue was the target of protest in the context of the Charlottesville historic monument controversy and the recent Unite the Right rally. Protesters accused Jefferson of being racist and a rapist. They covered the statue of Jefferson in a way similar to how the city had recently covered the Jackson and Robert E. Lee sculptures. Among the protesters was one person with a gun whom the police arrested for public intoxication.University of Virginia president Teresa A. Sullivan later responded by calling for civil discourse.On Friday 13 April 2018 someone vandalized the statue with graffiti which read "rapist" and "racist". This day was Founder's Day, a holiday to celebrate Thomas Jefferson's birthday.

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