Thomas Hazard

Thomas Hazard (1610[a] - after 1677) was one of the nine founding settlers of Newport on Aquidneck Island (Rhode Island) in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. He settled in Boston and Portsmouth before settling Newport, but later returned to Portsmouth. His descendants include Commodores Oliver Hazard Perry and Matthew C. Perry and three colonial Rhode Island deputy governors.

Thomas Hazard
Bornby 1610
possibly Dorsetshire, England
Diedafter 1677
Other namesThomas Hassard
EducationSigned name with a mark
OccupationShip carpenter
Spouse(s)(1) Martha Potter
(2) Martha (_______) Sheriff
ChildrenRobert, Elizabeth, Hannah, Martha


Thomas Hazard was a founding settler of Newport, Rhode Island, who, upon arriving from England, first settled in Boston, and then came to Portsmouth before settling in Newport.[1] Moriarity suggested that he had come from Dorsetshire, England, but Anderson concluded there is insufficient evidence for this assertion.[2][3] He was a ship carpenter, and was in Boston in the Massachusetts Bay Colony as early as 1635,[1] and admitted to the church there on 22 May 1636.[3] He was made a freeman of Boston in 1636, but by 1638 he was admitted as an inhabitant of Portsmouth on Aquidneck Island, where many followers of Anne Hutchinson had settled.[1]

On 28 April 1639, he and eight others signed a compact, and soon established the town of Newport at the southern end of Aquidneck Island.[1] Once there, he was named as one of four assigned to proportion the land, and to collect four pence for each acre laid out.[1] In September he was made a freeman of Newport, and the following March was a member of the general court of elections.[1] On 20 June 1644 he sold to Henry Bull certain parcels of land that had been granted to him by the freemen of Newport.[3]

In 1655 Hazard was once again in Portsmouth, where his name appears on a list of freemen, and where, in 1658, he deeded land to Stephen Wilcox, who married his daughter Hannah.[1] The same year he was chosen to sit on the colony's petit jury, but was fined five shillings for not serving.[3]

Hazard wrote a will on 30 November 1669, naming his son and his three married daughters.[4] His circumstances later changed, and on 13 November 1676 he wrote another will with much different provisions (see Family, below).[4] He was still alive on 6 August 1677 when he further modified his estate plans.[4] Austin has him paying a tax in 1680,[1] but Anderson does not find this to be valid.[5]


Hazard first married a woman named Martha, about whom little is known.[5] Based on the probable birth dates of his children, his wife and at least two children likely sailed with him from England to New England. Hazard had a friendly relationship with Thomas Sheriff of Portsmouth, and when the latter died, Hazard married, as his second wife, Sheriff's widow, also named Martha. In his first will in 1669, Hazard made his son executor, and named all three daughters, but in his later will, his son and daughters were disinherited, with all of his estate going to his "beloved yoakfellow Martha Hassard now living."[4] Following Hazard's death, his widow then married Lewis Hues, who abandoned her within a few weeks, apparently "taking away great part of her estate, that was hers in her former husband's time."[5]

Of Hazard's four known children, Robert married Mary Brownell; Elizabeth married George Lawton; Hannah married Stephen Wilcox; and Martha married first Ichabod Potter, and later married Benjamin Mowry.[6] Hazard's great grandson, George Hazard was the deputy governor of the Rhode Island colony from 1734 to 1738, and his great grandson Robert Hazard was the deputy governor from 1750 to 1751.[7][8] Colonial deputy governor Jonathan Nichols, Jr., and the first Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, Gideon Cornell were descendants, as were the brothers, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry and Commodore Matthew C. Perry.[9]

Most early writers on the family suggest that Hazard was the same person as a Thomas Hazard living in Newtown on Long Island, but Anderson presents strong evidence that the two are different men.[6]

See also


a. ^ Austin cites an unknown source from 1674 in which Hazard calls himself aged 64.[1] However, Anderson points out that his son, Robert, had to have been born by 1628, making a 1610 birth year improbable for the elder Hazard, and likely that his birth was several years earlier.[3]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Austin 1887, p. 320.
  2. ^ Moriarity 1944, p. 186.
  3. ^ a b c d e Anderson 2003, p. 294.
  4. ^ a b c d Anderson 2003, p. 295.
  5. ^ a b c Anderson 2003, p. 296.
  6. ^ a b Anderson 2003, p. 297.
  7. ^ Austin 1887, p. 321.
  8. ^ Robinson 1895, pp. 24,28.
  9. ^ Robinson 1895, p. 104.


  • Anderson, Robert Charles (2003). The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1634–1635. Vol. III G-H. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 294–8. ISBN 0-88082-158-2.
  • Austin, John Osborne (1887). Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island. Albany, New York: J. Munsell's Sons. ISBN 978-0-8063-0006-1.
  • Moriarity, G. Andrews (April 1944). "Additions and Corrections to Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island". The American Genealogist. 20: 186.
  • Robinson, Caroline Elizabeth (1895). The Hazard Family of Rhode Island, 1635 - 1894. Boston.
1812 and 1813 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 13th Congress were held at different dates in the various states between August 3, 1812 (in Kentucky) and April 30, 1813 (in North Carolina) as James Madison was re-elected to a second term as President. The Congress convened on May 24, 1813.

A significant expansion in the size of the House occurred as a result of population increases revealed in the 1810 Census. The largest number of new seats were created to accommodate the rapid settlement of Western territories. After America's entry into the War of 1812 against Britain, the Democratic-Republican and Federalist Parties effectively served as pro-war and anti-war camps. Democratic-Republican representatives from Southern and Western states had been the primary leaders in the push to declare war, asserting that the British had violated America's sovereign rights. High levels of support for the conflict in agrarian regions resulted in the Democratic-Republicans taking many newly created rural districts. In contrast, the Federalists and their key supporters in New England opposed the war from the start, citing its potential for damaging American trade and infrastructure. This position found widespread support in the country. The 1812 elections were indeed marked by massive Federalist gains, with many coming in the mid-Atlantic States, where support for the war became lukewarm after the initial shots were fired. Nonetheless, the Federalists were unable to secure anywhere near enough seats to secure a majority in the House of Representatives.

1812–1813 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

Massachusetts gained three seats after the 1810 Census, all of which were added to the District of Maine. Its elections were held November 5, 1812, but since Massachusetts law required a majority for election, which was not met in the 19th district, a second ballot was held there January 6, 1813.

1814 and 1815 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 14th Congress were held at various dates in each state between April 1814 (in New York) and August 10, 1815 (in North Carolina) during James Madison's second term. The Congress's first session began on December 4, 1815.

This election took place in the middle of the War of 1812. Although the war was extremely unpopular in certain portions of the country, particularly New England, the dominant Democratic-Republican Party made small gains. The failed American invasion of Upper Canada (Ontario) in 1812-13 and the Burning of Washington by the British in 1814 were embarrassing setbacks, but the war was viewed by many as reasonably successful. National morale was high because the small American military overall had been able to fight British forces to a draw in coastal and frontier conflict.

The election of 1814 was the last in which the declining Federalist Party was able to secure more than a third of the seats in the House of Representatives - and it was only barely able to do so.

1814–1815 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

Massachusetts held its elections November 7, 1814. State law required a majority vote for election, which was not met in two districts, leading to a second election January 6, 1815.

Augustus George Hazard

Augustus George Hazard (April 28, 1802 – May 7, 1868), known as Colonel Augustus Hazard, was an American manufacturer of gunpowder and the namesake of Hazardville, Connecticut.

Hazard was born in Kingston, Rhode Island, on April 28, 1802, a son of Thomas and Silence Knowles Hazard. His family moved to Connecticut when he was six years old. As a young man, he worked as a merchant in Savannah, Georgia. In 1827 he relocated to New York City, where he was a commission agent engaged in the sale of gunpowder and other products. In 1837 he bought into a gunpowder production company that had been established two years earlier on the Scantic River in the town of Enfield, Connecticut. He assumed sole ownership of the company in 1843. The business was known thereafter as the Hazard Powder Company, and the village that supported it became known as Hazardville.During the early years of the Civil War, Colonel Hazard was under suspicion by the federal government as being sympathetic to the Southern cause. It was well known that he was a good friend of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, and that he lived in the South and had developed many business relationships. Shortly before South Carolina seceded from the Union, it bought 80,000 lbs. of powder that was used to propel the first shots fired on Fort Sumter. In fact, much of the powder in the Southern arsenals at the outset of the war was manufactured by the Connecticut company.

The rapidly increasing demand for powder products compelled Hazard to hurry to expand his facilities to meet war time production needs. Soon Hazard Powder was supplying the Union Forces with 12,500 lbs of powder a day. The mill at Hazardville was in operation 24 hours a day and produced 40% of all the gunpowder used during the Civil War by the Union.

Hazard lived on Enfield Street in Enfield, several miles from the powder mill, and ran the business until his death on May 7, 1868, at Ascot House in New York City.

George Hazard

George Hazard (9 October 1700 - 1738) was a deputy governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

George Lawton (settler)

George Lawton (1607-1693) was an early settler of Portsmouth in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Late in life Lawton became active in the affairs of the colony, and served for several years as both Deputy to the General Assembly, and Assistant to the governor. His house was sometimes used for meetings of colonial leaders and committees. He became such a highly esteemed member of the colony, that in 1676 he was one of 16 individuals whose counsel was requested by the General Assembly during the chaotic events of King Philip's War.

Gideon Cornell

Gideon Cornell (1710–1766) was a farmer, trader and judge who became the first Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, serving from 1747 to 1749.

Hazard (surname)

Hazard is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Augustus George Hazard (1802–1868), American gunpowder manufacturer and namesake of Hazardville, Connecticut

Benjamin Hazard (1770–1841), Rhode Island legislator, attorney and member of the secessionist Hartford Convention

Caroline Hazard (1856–1945), president of Wellesley College

Dave Hazard, British karate expert

Dorothy Hazard, 17th century English religious reformer

Ebenezer Hazard (1744–1817), American publisher and US Postmaster General

Eden Hazard (born 1991), Belgian football player, brother of Thorgan and Kylian

Erskine Hazard, co-founder of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company

Geoffrey C. Hazard, Jr. (1929-2018), American law professor

George Hazard (1700–1738), deputy governor of colonial Rhode Island

Henry T. Hazard (1844–1941), mayor of Los Angeles, California

Jonathan Hazard (1744 – c. 1824), American statesman who served as a delegate for Rhode Island in the Continental Congress

Kylian Hazard (born 1995), Belgian football player, brother of Eden and Thorgan

Manny Hazard, American football player

Micky Hazard (born 1960), English football player

Nathaniel Hazard (1776–1820), U.S. Congressman from Rhode Island

Oliver Hazard Perry (1785–1819), American naval officer

Paul Hazard, French historian of ideas

Richard Hazard (1921–2000), American television composer

Robert Hazard (1948–2008), American musician

Robert Hazard (Rhode Island) (1702–1751), deputy governor of colonial Rhode Island

Roberta L. Hazard, admiral in U.S. Navy

Rowland Hazard (disambiguation), one of several people by this name

Thierry Hazard (born 1962), French singer

Thomas Hazard (c. 1610–c. 1677, founding settler of Newport, Rhode Island

Thorgan Hazard (born 1993), Belgian football player, brother of Eden and Kylian

Hazard family

Members of the Hazard family were among the first settlers of the State of Rhode Island. Descendants have been known for military achievement, business success, philanthropy, and broad social activism spanning such causes as abolition of slavery, treatment of the insane and alcoholics, family planning, and innovative employee programs.

The family fortune derived largely from its textile manufacturing business at Peace Dale, Rhode Island, mining, railroad, and chemical interests, including the Solvay Process Company.

Henry T. Hazard

Henry T. Hazard (July 31, 1844 – August 7, 1921) was a California pioneer who became a land developer, a patent attorney and mayor of the city of Los Angeles. He gives his name to Hazard Park in Los Angeles.

Jacob Barker

Jacob Barker (December 17, 1779 – December 26, 1871) was an American financier and lawyer.

Jonathan Nichols Jr.

Jonathan Nichols Jr. (October 24, 1712 – September 8, 1756) was a deputy governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. He was the son of former Deputy Governor Jonathan Nichols Sr. and Elizabeth Lawton. Nichols became Deputy Governor in November 1753 when his predecessor, Joseph Whipple III, resigned amid the collapse of his personal fortune, and Nichols completed his term. In 1755 Nichols was again selected as Deputy Governor, completing his first one-year term, then dying during his second year in office.

Nichols is credited with building a house in Newport in 1748, later known as the Hunter House. Following his death, the house was owned by Deputy Governor Joseph Wanton Jr., a loyalist, and following the American Revolutionary War was owned by William Hunter, a United States Senator, and ambassador to Brazil.

Joseph Sheffield

Joseph Sheffield (1661 - 1706) was an inhabitant of Portsmouth in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations during the last half of the 17th century. He held a number of important offices within the colony, including Deputy, Assistant and Attorney General. He is most noted for being selected as Rhode Island's agent to England on two occasions, but never appears to have served in that role due to the indecision of the General Assembly. He played a prominent role in the affairs of the colony during an extremely turbulent time, when Rhode Island was threatened with losing its charter due to "irregularities" perceived by the English Board of Trade. Sheffield died at the age of 44, leaving a widow and several minor children.

List of early settlers of Rhode Island

This is a collection of lists of early settlers (before 1700) in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Most of the lists are of the earliest inhabitants of a particular town or area.

Newport, Rhode Island

Newport is a seaside city on Aquidneck Island in Newport County, Rhode Island, located approximately 33 miles (53 km) southeast of Providence, Rhode Island, 20 miles (32 km) south of Fall River, Massachusetts, 73 miles (117 km) south of Boston, and 180 miles (290 km) northeast of New York City. It is known as a New England summer resort and is famous for its historic mansions and its rich sailing history. It is also the home of Salve Regina University and Naval Station Newport, which houses the United States Naval War College, the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, and an important Navy training center. It was a major 18th-century port city and also contains a high number of buildings from the Colonial era.The city is the county seat of Newport County, which has no governmental functions other than court administrative and sheriff corrections boundaries. A playground for the wealthy in the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was the location of the first U.S. Open tournaments in both tennis and golf, as well as every challenge to the America's Cup between 1930 and 1983. It was known for being the location of the "Summer White Houses" during the administrations of Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy. The population was 24,027 as of 2013.

Robert Hazard (Rhode Island)

Robert Hazard (12 September 1702 - 1751) was a deputy governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

Seybert Commission

The Seybert Commission was a group of faculty members at the University of Pennsylvania who in 1884–1887 investigated a number of respected spiritualist mediums, uncovering fraud or suspected fraud in every case that they examined.

Thomas Robinson Hazard

Thomas Robinson “Shepherd Tom” Hazard (1797–1886) was an American author, social reformer, and advocate of Modern Spiritualism.

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