Thomas Brock

Sir Thomas Brock KCB RA (Worcester 1 March 1847 – 22 August 1922 London[1]) was an English sculptor, and medallist, whose works include the monument to Queen Victoria in front of Buckingham Palace.

Sir Thomas Brock
Sir Thomas Brock


Brock was born in Worcester, attended the School of Design there and then undertook an apprenticeship in modelling at the Worcester Royal Porcelain Works. In 1866 he became a pupil of the sculptor John Henry Foley. After Foley's death in 1874, Brock finished some of his commissions. It was his completion of Foley's statue of Prince Albert for the Albert Memorial which first brought Brock to prominence.

Thomas Brock in Studio
Thomas Brock in his studio, 1889.

His group The Moment of Peril (now in the garden of Leighton House) was followed by The Genius of Poetry, at the Carlsberg Brewery in Copenhagen, Eve (1898),[2] and other imaginative works that mark his development. His portrait works include busts, such as those of Lord Leighton and Queen Victoria, statues, such as Sir Richard Owen and Henry Philpott, bishop of Worcester, and sepulchral monuments such as Lord Leighton (d.1896) in St Paul's Cathedral.

In 1901 Brock was asked to make a colossal equestrian statue of Edward the Black Prince for Leeds City Square, and was also given perhaps his most significant commission, the vast multi-figure Imperial Memorial to Queen Victoria to be set up in front of Buckingham Palace. He had previously made statues of the queen to celebrate her golden and diamond jubilees, and designed the depiction of her "veiled" or "widowed" head, used on all gold, silver and bronze coinage between 1893 and 1901.[3] According to legend, at the unveiling of the memorial in May 1911, George V was so moved by the excellence of the memorial that he called for a sword and knighted Brock on the spot.

Brock was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1883 and full member in 1891.


He married in 1869, and had eight children. His youngest son was the painter (Charles) Edmond Brock[4].


Brock Burton Royalty
George V and Queen Mary with Sir Thomas Brock in the Thames Ditton Foundry of A.B. Burton
Buckingham Palace, London, England, 24Jan04
The Imperial Memorial to Queen Victoria in front of Buckingham Palace
The Post Office - - 352911
View of the Black Prince statue within Leeds City Square. Designed by Sir Thomas Brock in 1901.


Thomas Brock, Vanity Fair, 1905-09-21

Brock caricatured by Spy for Vanity Fair, 1905

Albert Memorial - Main Figure

Gilded figure of Albert at the Albert Memorial

Titanic Memorial, Belfast, Northern Ireland

The Titanic Memorial in Belfast

JEMillais London

Statue of John Everett Millais outside the Tate Gallery in London


Finial figure of Victory, Victoria Memorial

London - Victoria Monument

Victoria, Victoria Memorial

Lord Merthyr Thomas Brock by Aberdare Blog

Lord Merthyr unveiled in 1913 at Aberdare Park


  • Beattie, Susan. The New Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
  • British Sculpture, 1850–1914. Exhibition catalogue, The Fine Art Society, 148 New Bond Street London Wl. 30 September – 30 October 1968.
  • Brock, Frederick (2012). Sankey, John (ed.). Thomas Brock: forgotten sculptor of the Victoria Memorial. Bloomington, Ind.: AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781467883344.
  • Byron, Arthur. London Statues. London: Constable, 1921.
  • Getsy, David. Body Doubles: Sculpture in Britain, 1877–1905. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.
  • Read, Benedict. Victorian Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.
  • Return of Outdoor Memorials in London, London County Council, 1910
  • Sankey, John Anthony (2002). Thomas Brock and the Critics – An Examination of Brock's Place in the New Sculpture Movement. PhD Thesis: University of Leeds.
  • Mark Stocker, 'Brock, Sir Thomas (1847–1922)'. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford


  1. ^ "Sir Thomas Brock British sculptor". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  2. ^ A plaster model for Eve was shown at the Royal Academy in 1898; a marble version (1900) is in the collection of the Tate and Brock also some smaller bronze replicas. See "Sir Thomas Brock: Eve, 1900". Tate. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Artist of the Month". Royal Academy of Arts Collections. September 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Artist in focus: Edmond Brock | Art UK". Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  5. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p207
  6. ^ Kidderminster Since 1800, Ken Tomkinson and George Hall, 1975 p209-210
  7. ^ Return of Outdoor Memorials in London 1910, p.42
  8. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p208
  9. ^ "Sir Rowland Hill (1795-1879)". Thomas Brock. 20 August 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  10. ^ Return of Outdoor Memorials in London 1910, p.24
  11. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p312
  12. ^ "Queen Victoria Monument, Carlisle". History and Heritage. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Sir Thomas Brock: Sir John Everett Millais 1904". Tate. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  14. ^ "Statue of Queen Victoria | Yale Center For British Art". Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  15. ^ Iyer, Meera (4 February 2013). "Empress of all she surveys" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  16. ^ "Royalty and Australian Society Chapter 2: King Edward VII". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  17. ^ Wencer, David. "Historicist: Here Comes the Equestrian Statue". Torontoist. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  18. ^ "The Mall, London". The Captain Cook Society (CCS). Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  19. ^ Public sculpture of Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull by George Thomas Noszlopy, page 28–29

External links

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Brock, Thomas" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Preceded by
Joseph Edgar Boehm
Coins of the pound sterling
Obverse sculptor

Succeeded by
George William de Saulles
Aberdare Park

Aberdare Park (Welsh: Parc Aberdâr) is a well-preserved Victorian public park located in the village of Trecynon, near the town of Aberdare in South Wales.

Belfast City Hall

Belfast City Hall (Irish: Halla na Cathrach Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst Citie Haw) is the civic building of Belfast City Council located in Donegall Square, Belfast, Northern Ireland. It faces North and effectively divides the commercial and business areas of the city centre.

Charles Thomas Brock Sangster

Charles Thomas Brock Sangster (16 May 1872 – 18 March 1935) was a British engineer and industrialist.

Sangster was born in Aberdeen and was named after his godfather, fireworks manufacturer Charles Thomas Brock. He attended school in Aberdeen before continuing his education at King's College London. He was apprenticed to Messrs. Linley & Biggs, noted cycle engineers and makers of "Whippet" spring frame cycles at Clerkenwell Road, London. Fellow employees included William Chater Lea, who would become noted for his Chater-Lea bicycles, motorcycles, and automobiles, J. G. H, Browne, who would later build "North Road" cycles, and J. A. Poole, inventor of the expanding stem method of handlebar adjustment.

His early associations date to beginning of the safety bicycle. He worked with the New Howe Cycle Co., of Glasgow, and then with the Coventry Machinists Company a predecessor to the Swift concern. He then went to Components, Ltd., in 1895.

For more than thirty years Sangster was managing director of Components, Ltd., and occupied a similar office in the Ariel Company. He was also chairman of the Swift Company for a considerable period, and also owned or controlled the Rover Cycle Co., the Midland Tube & Forging Co., the Endless Rim Co., and other companies. Sangster was president of the Motor and Cycle Trades Benevolent Fund in 1921.

Charles's first born Fredrick Charles Sangster was killed in action during 1916. His second son Jack Sangster went on to become chairman of BSA.

George William de Saulles

George William de Saulles (1862 – 1903) was a British medallist. He authored and designed the obverse of coins from the United Kingdom and its colonies under Queen Victoria and Edward VII of the United Kingdom

Henry Charles Fehr

Henry Charles Fehr FRBS (4 November 1867 – 13 May 1940) was a British monumental and architectural sculptor active in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Fehr was born in Forest Hill in south-east London. His family was of Swiss origin and an ancestor was a President of Switzerland. Henry Fehr spent many of his formative years around East London, and lived in Leyton and later in South Kensington.

He studied at the City of London School and at the Royal Academy Schools from 1885 where he won medals and a Scholarship. From 1889 to 1893 he was the studio assistant to the sculptor Thomas Brock, and also trained in the studio of Horace Montford. Fehr first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1887. He was an original member of the Royal British Society of Sculptors in 1904, and later was elected a Fellow. His monumental works include The Cenotaph in Leeds, the Queen Victoria Memorial in Hull (1903), the decorations on the City Hall in Cardiff, sculptures on the Middlesex Guildhall in Parliament Square, as well as a number of war memorials and portrait busts.In 1898 he made a frieze of coloured bas-relief with scenes from the Wars of the Roses for Wakefield County Hall. For the architect Charles Fitzroy Doll he produced four life-size sculptures of British Queens for the Hotel Russell in London's Bloomsbury area. Fehr's best-known work, Perseus Rescuing Andromeda (1893), is located outside on the right hand balcony of Tate Britain in London.

His studio was No 6 at the Fulham Road Studio, then located at 12–14 The Avenue, Fulham Road, London. Others who had studios there included John Singer Sargent, Edward John Poynter, Charles Edward Hallé, Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm, Alfred Gilbert and Edward Onslow Ford.With his wife, Rose, he had two sons, the artist Arthur Henry Fehr (1897–1990) and Frederick C Fehr.Henry Charles Fehr died in London on 13 May 1940.

Joseph Lister Memorial

The Joseph Lister Memorial is a memorial to Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister by the sculptor Thomas Brock, situated in Portland Place in Marylebone, London. The memorial is positioned in the centre of the road opposite numbers 71 to 81 and is Grade II listed. It is close to Lister's home at 12 Park Crescent.The memorial was unveiled by Sir John Bland-Sutton, President of the Royal College of Surgeons, on 13 March 1924. The base of the monument is made of grey Aberdeen granite. On top of the base is a bronze bust of Joseph Lister. At the front are the figures of a woman and a boy: the boy is holding a garland of flowers; the woman is pointing to Lister with her right hand.

List of public art in Belfast

This is a list of public art on permanent public display in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The list applies only to works of public art accessible in a public space; it does not include artwork on display inside museums. Public art may include sculptures, statues, monuments, memorials, murals and mosaics.

List of public art in Liverpool

The city of Liverpool has a greater number of public sculptures than any other location in the United Kingdom aside from Westminster. Early examples include works by George Frampton, Goscombe John, Thomas Thornycroft, Charles Bell Birch, Richard Westmacott, Francis Chantrey, John Gibson, Thomas Brock and F.W. Pomeroy, while Barbara Hepworth, Jacob Epstein, Mitzi Cunliffe and Elizabeth Frink provide some of the modern offerings. More recently, local artist Tom Murphy has created a dozen sculptures in Liverpool.

While statues and sculpture are dotted throughout the inner city, there are four primary groupings: inside and around St George's Hall; in St John's Gardens; around the Pier Head; and around the Palm House at Sefton Park. Smaller groups are found in Old Hall Street/Exchange Flags and in and around The Oratory.

The Queen Victoria Monument at Derby Square, an ensemble of 26 bronze figures by C. J. Allen, is described in the Liverpool Pevsner Architectural Guide as one of the most ambitious British monuments to the Queen.NB: the following list does not include the comprehensive collections held by National Museums Liverpool, or the countless ornate features of many Liverpool buildings.

List of public art in Millbank

This is a list of public art in Millbank, a district in the City of Westminster, London.

Millbank is the location of Tate Britain and the Chelsea College of Arts; the latter institution's Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground is a large temporary exhibition space for the work of students and established artists.

List of public art in St James's

This is a list of public art in St James's, a district in the City of Westminster, London.

St James's lies to the north of St James's Park, a former hunting ground attached to St James's Palace. The Mall, marking the northern boundary of the park, was transformed into a major thoroughfare in the 1900s by Aston Webb as part of the national memorial to Queen Victoria. Its focal point looking west is the Victoria Memorial designed by Thomas Brock, one of several memorials set along its axis from the early 20th century onwards. To the east The Mall joins John Nash's processional route (which originally connected Carlton House to Regent's Park) at Carlton House Terrace. The part of this route within St James's includes Waterloo Place, described as "one of the more dramatic pieces of town planning in London" and lined with statues and memorials mainly of a military character. Elsewhere in the district, the Economist Plaza hosted changing displays of contemporary sculpture in the early 21st century; this programme came to an end in 2010 after running for over ten years.

List of statues of Queen Victoria

This is a list of statues of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Statue of Captain James Cook, The Mall

A bronze statue of Captain James Cook by Thomas Brock is located near Admiralty Arch on the south side of The Mall in London, United Kingdom. The statue was completed in 1914 and is maintained by The Royal Parks. It is mounted on a stone plinth.

Statue of Queen Victoria, Bangalore

The Statue of Queen Victoria, Bangalore, is located at Queen's Park, next to Cubbon Park, Bangalore Cantonment, at the junction of 3 roads, at the border between the Cantonment and the Bangalore Pete. The statue was unveiled on 5 February 1906 by the then Prince of Wales, George Frederick Ernest Albert (who later became King George V). The statue was raised out of funds raised by the residents of the Bangalore Civil and Military Station and contributions made by Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV, the Maharaja of Mysore. This Statue of Queen Victoria is one of the five of the original 50 statues of Queen Victoria which were installed in British India, to still stand at its original location. The statue has blossoms of jacaranda falling around. On the other end of Queen's Park is the Statue of King Edward VII, Bangalore.

Statue of Robert Raikes, London

A statue of Robert Raikes, often regarded as being the founder of Sunday schools, executed by the sculptor Thomas Brock, stands in Victoria Embankment Gardens, London, United Kingdom. It was unveiled by the Earl of Shaftesbury on 3 July 1880 and marked the centenary of the opening of the first Sunday school. The critic Edmund Gosse considered the statue to be "as good as anything of the kind we possess in England". In 1958 it was designated a Grade II-listed building.The front of the plinth reads: ROBERT RAIKES/ FOUNDER OF SUNDAY SCHOOLS/ 1780/ THIS STATUE WAS ERECTED/ UNDER THE DIRECTION/ OF THE SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION/ BY CONTRIBUTIONS/ FROM TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS/ OF SUNDAY SCHOOLS IN GREAT BRITAIN/ JULY 1880. An inscription below the figure's right foot reads: THOS BROCK SCULPT/ LONDON. 1880.In 1929 replicas of the statue were cast for erection the following year in Gloucester and Toronto, for the 150th anniversary the following year of opening of the first Sunday school.

Thomas Brock (disambiguation)

Thomas Brock (1847–1922) was an English sculptor.

Thomas Brock may also refer to:

Thomas D. Brock (born 1926), American microbiologist

Tom Brock (singer), American soul singer

Thomas Brock (opperhoved) (died 1745), Chief of the Danish Gold Coast

Tom Brock (historian), Australian sports historian, see Tom Brock Lecture

Thomas Brock (opperhoved)

Thomas Brock (died 23 March 1745) was the second of four Opperhoveds to run the Danish Gold Coast in 1745. He served the shortest period of time, from his arrival on March 11 to his death twelve days later. He would have governed from the then-capital of Fort Christiansborg.

Thomas Fuller (bishop)

Thomas Brock Fuller was a Canadian Anglican bishop in the second half of the 19th century.Fuller was born in Kingston, Ontario on 16 July 1810 and educated in Hamilton, Ontario. He was ordained in 1833 and his first post was as a curate in Montreal. In 1836 he was sent as a missionary to Chatham-Kent, Ontario and in 1840 became the rector of St John the Evangelist's Thorold. In 1861 he was appointed the rector of St George's Church, Toronto and in 1869 the Archdeacon of Niagara. In 1875 he became the first bishop of the Diocese of Niagara. He died on 17 December 1884.

Victoria Memorial, London

The Victoria Memorial is a monument to Queen Victoria, located at the end of The Mall in London, and designed and executed by the sculptor (Sir) Thomas Brock. Designed in 1901, it was unveiled on 16 May 1911, though it was not completed until 1924. It was the centrepiece of an ambitious urban planning scheme, which included the creation of the Queen’s Gardens to a design by Sir Aston Webb, and the refacing of Buckingham Palace (which stands behind the memorial) by the same architect.

Like the earlier Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens, commemorating Victoria's consort, the Victoria Memorial has an elaborate scheme of iconographic sculpture. The central pylon of the memorial is of Pentelic marble, and individual statues are in Lasa marble and gilt bronze. The memorial weighs 2,300 tonnes and is 104 ft wide. In 1970 it was listed at Grade I.

Victoria Square, Birmingham

Victoria Square is a pedestrianised public square in Birmingham, England. It is home to both the Town Hall and the Council House, and directly adjacent to Chamberlain Square.

The square is often considered to be the centre of Birmingham, and is the point from where local road sign distances are measured. It is a short walk from St. Philip's Cathedral on Colmore Row and is on the main pedestrian route between the Bull Ring and Brindleyplace areas. Three major roads, Colmore Row, New Street and Paradise Street, and others, meet there.

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