Theodore Racing

Theodore Racing (徳利賽車隊香港) was a Formula One constructor from Hong Kong founded by real estate magnate and millionaire Teddy Yip. They participated in 51 grands prix, entering a total of 64 cars.

In the present day Theodore Racing is an international motor racing team owned by Teddy Yip Jr. competing in the Macau Grand Prix with a Junior Team contesting the Japanese Super FJ Series.

Following its last race in 1992, the team made a successful return to racing at the Macau Grand Prix in 2013 under Teddy Yip Jr., owner of GP3 team Status Grand Prix.

Theodore Racing has won a record eight Macau Grands Prix - two as an independent team with Vern Schuppan and Geoff Lees, and six as a technical support team with the likes of Alex Lynn and Felix Rosenqvist.

Full nameTheodore Racing
BaseHong Kong
Founder(s)Teddy Yip
Noted staffSid Taylor
Julian Randles
Tony Southgate
Jo Ramírez
Noted driversFrance Patrick Tambay
Finland Keke Rosberg
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1977 British Grand Prix
Races entered63
Race victories0
Pole positions0
Fastest laps0
Final entry1983 European Grand Prix


In the early 1970s, amateur racer Yip met Sid Taylor and agreed to sponsor Vern Schuppan in Formula 5000. This led to Yip backing Schuppan in Formula One with Ensign in 1974. There followed further involvement in America with Schuppan and then support of Alan Jones in the US F5000 series in 1976. In Australia, Schuppan won the Rothmans International Series for Yip driving a Lola T332-Chevrolet in 1976. That year Yip established Theodore Racing. It was run by Taylor and entered an Ensign for Patrick Tambay in F1. After a difficult year in 1977, Yip commissioned Ron Tauranac to build him an F1 car. The car, called the Theodore TR1, was difficult and Eddie Cheever failed to qualify in both Brazil and Argentina but then Keke Rosberg took over and won the International Trophy at Silverstone in the wet, although he qualified for only one GP in South Africa. The car was abandoned in the mid-season. In the US, Yip supported Dan Gurney's Eagle team.

Theodore TR1
Theodore TR1 in historic racing

In 1979, Yip helped to fund Ensign but the car was not a success. The car was driven by Derek Daly, Patrick Gaillard, and Marc Surer but there were no points scored. At the end of the year Teddy also funded a British F1 programme with a Wolf WR6 for David Kennedy and helped Desiré Wilson to become the first woman to win a Formula 1 race – albeit a national event.

Yip bought the Shadow team at the beginning of 1980, and Kennedy also moved to it, but the results were poor, the team was by then on its last legs, and in the mid-summer, Yip decided to retire the team and to rethink his involvement in racing and ended most of his other activities to concentrate on F1.

With Sid Taylor and Julian Randles he established Theodore Racing Ltd. and recruited Tony Southgate and team manager Jo Ramírez. The new car was dubbed the TY01 and was driven by Patrick Tambay at the start of 1981. In mid-season Tambay moved to Ligier and Yip gave the drive to Marc Surer. The same car was developed in 1982 and it became obvious that small teams could not easily survive in the turbo era. Yip merged Theodore with Ensign and used the Nigel Bennett-designed Ensign N183 design as a Theodore. The team hired Johnny Cecotto and Roberto Guerrero but at the end of that season the team shut down and Mo Nunn moved to America, where he enjoyed great success as a race engineer through the 1980s and into the 1990s and eventually set up a successful team of his own in CART. 1983 also saw a guest drive in a Theodore by former Grand Prix driver Brian Henton at the non-championship 1983 Race of Champions where he finished fourth, the highest a Theodore finished all season.

Macau Grand Prix

Yip ran a team each year at the Macau GP until the late 1980s and in 1983 was behind the switch from Formula Atlantic rules to Formula 3. The result was a huge success and Theodore Racing has won the event a record seven times, notably with Ayrton Senna in the first year of F3.

In October 2013, it was announced that the name Theodore Racing would be revived by Teddy Yip's son, Teddy Yip Jr., for the 2013 Macau Grand Prix to mark the 30th anniversary of Senna's victory in the event. After Briton Alex Lynn won the race, Teddy Yip Jr. said, "This was a fairytale way for the Theodore name to return to the great Macau Grand Prix in its anniversary year. To be with SJM to witness Alex's victory is an emotional day, and a fitting tribute to my father's contribution to this great Macau event."[1]

Teddy Yip Jr. joined forces with Formula Three Champions, Prema Powerteam for a second consecutive year in 2014, entering a three car Macau Grand Prix team with drivers Nicholas Latifi, Esteban Ocon and Antonio Fuoco. Latifi finished fifth with Ocon crashing out suring a battle for the lead and Fuoco failing to finish the race.

The trio of SJM Theodore Racing by Prema entries for the 2015 event, which utilise Mercedes-Benz powered Dallara Formula 3 cars, will be driven by Sweden’s Felix Rosenqvist, Jake Dennis of Great Britain and Canada’s Lance Stroll.

The 2017 Macau GP and FIA F3 World Cup event saw SJM Theodore field Callum Ilott alongside Mick Schumacher, Maximilan Gunther and Guanyu Zhou in their line up of four Mercedes-Benz Formula 3 cars. Ilott headed their qualifying score sheet with a P3, newly signed as a Ferrari Junior that month. Gunther qualified P4, Schumacher in P7 and Guanyu Zhou in P10. Ilott went on to win the Macau Qualifying Race for SJM Theodore by Prema with a lead of 7.957s ahead of the rest of the field. The other SJM Theodore cars came in with P4 (Gunther), P10 (Zhou) and P20 (Schumacher). The Sunday Macau GP was marred for SJM Theodore by a first lap racing incident between Ilott and Joel Erikkson, as Ilott retook the lead, taking them out of the lead of the race, which was won by Dan Ticktum. Gunther, Guanyu Zhou and Schumacher finished 5th, 8th, and 16th respectively.

Indy cars

Theodore began participating in Indy cars in 1977 as a sponsor for the Simpson Sport team in the USAC National Championship starting off the season with a pair of McLaren M16C-Offenhausers for Simpson to drive as No. 38 and for Steve Krisiloff to drive as No. 39.

At the season-opening Datsun Twin 200 at Ontario Motor Speedway with Simpson finishing in ninth and Krisiloff retiring due to clutch issues. Krisiloff would then leave the team. At the Indianapolis 500 Simpson retired from driving and Formula One driver Clay Regazzoni would first drive the No. 38. The car was then destroyed in a practice crash by Regazzoni. Regazzoni qualified the No. 39 in 29th place but retired from the race with a fuel leak after 25 laps, finishing in 30th place. After Indianapolis, Rick Mears would drive the car starting at the Schafer's 500 at Pocono International Raceway. Mears would get a best finish of fifth place at the Tony Bettenhausen 200 at Wisconsin State Fairgrounds Park Speedway. Mears would finish 20th in the final point standings.

Theodore would return in 1979 to sponsor All American Racers in the SCCA/CART PPG World Series for # Eagle 79-Cosworth DFX driven by Mike Mosley. Mosley would get a best finish of third place at the Indianapolis 500, where he would also set the fastest lap of the race. Mosley finished 10th in the championship.

In 1980, Theodore returned with AAR and Mosley. They originally fielded the No. 48 Eagle 80-Cosworth DFX at the Datsun Twin 200 at Ontario Motor Speedway. In the race, Mosley retired in 19th place due to a broken cylinder. Starting at the Indianapolis 500 the team replaced the Cosworth engine with a Chevrolet V8. Mosley qualified in 26th place and retired after five laps due to a broken gasket, finishing in 32nd place. the Theodore/AAR team appeared again at the True Value 500 at Pocono International Raceway before parting ways. In the race, Mosley qualified in fourth place and finished in 23rd place after retiring due to a burnt piston. Mosley finished 41st in the championship.

In 1981, Theodore fielded their own car. They first appeared at the Indianapolis 500 (part of the USAC Gold Crown Series with the No. 33 Red Roof Inns McLaren M24-Cosworth|Cosworth DFX with Vern Schuppan driving. The car qualified in 18th place and finish in third place. The team also raced at the Van Scoy Diamond Mines 500 at Pocono International Raceway. The car started in fifth place and retired in 17th place due to a loss of oil pressure. Schuppan went on the finish 10th in the USAC standings. The team also competed in the CART/PPG World Series, with Schuppan driving. The team first appeared at the Norton Michigan 500 at Michigan International Speedway finishing in 24th place due to a blown engine. The team then went into partnership with Thomas W. Barrett III for the AirCal 500K at Riverside International Raceway, the II Copa Mexico 150 at Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez and the Miller High Life 150 at Phoenix International Raceway. The team replaced the McLaren M24 with a March 81C for Riverside. Schuppan achieved a best finish of 15th place at Phoenix and finished 36th in points.

At the 1982 Indianapolis 500 (counted toward the 1981–82 USAC Gold Crown Series) Theodore would field, with Bob Fletcher Racing a car for Desire Wilson, the No. 33 Eagle 81-Cosworth DFX. Wilson failed to qualify.

In 1983, Theodore supplied factory-backed chassis for Tom Sneva and Kevin Cogan, fielded by Bignotti-Carter Racing. The chassis was practised by both drivers at the Indianapolis 500. Both would use a March 83C in the race, which Sneva won and Cogan finished in fifth place. Later in the season, Cogan used the chassis with a Cosworth DFX at the Promi Veal 200 at Road America and the Escort Radar Warning 200 at Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course. Cogan retired from Road America in 19th place due to an electrical problem and finished sixth at Mid Ohio and in 15th place in the final standings (most of the points were scored using a March chassis). The chassis was then used by Ed Wachs Motor Sports for Jim Crawford.

Crawford achieved a fourth-place finish at the 1984 season-opening Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach at the Streets of Long Beach. Crawford failed to qualify at the Indianapolis 500 and started one other race, the Meadowlands Grand Prix at the Meadowlands Sports Complex, retiring in 21st place due to broken suspension. Crawford would finish in 27th place in the final standings.

Complete Formula One results

Year Chassis Engines Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WCC Points
France Patrick Tambay Ret 6 Ret 5 Ret DNQ 5 Ret
United States Eddie Cheever DNQ DNQ
Finland Keke Rosberg Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNPQ
Wolf WR3
Wolf WR4
10 NC Ret DNPQ N/A1 N/A1
19791980: Theodore did not compete.
1981 TY01 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 M
France Patrick Tambay 6 10 Ret 11 DNQ 7 13
Switzerland Marc Surer 12 11 14 Ret 8 DNQ 9 Ret
1982 TY01
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 A
Republic of Ireland Derek Daly 14 Ret Ret
Netherlands Jan Lammers DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ
United Kingdom Geoff Lees Ret
Republic of Ireland Tommy Byrne DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret
Colombia Roberto Guerrero NC Ret Ret Ret DNPQ Ret NC Ret 16 Ret Ret 12 13 12
Venezuela Johnny Cecotto 14 6 11 Ret DNPQ 10 Ret Ret DNQ 11 DNQ DNQ 12
  • ^1 – Not entered as a Constructor.

Formula One non-championship results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Driver Chassis Engine 1
1978 Finland Keke Rosberg Theodore TR1 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 INT
1981 United Kingdom Geoff Lees Theodore TR1 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 RSA
1983 United Kingdom Brian Henton Theodore N183 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ROC
Colombia Roberto Guerrero ROC


  1. ^ "Brit hangs tough to cap SJM fairytale". The Standard (Hong Kong). 18 November 2013. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014.

External links

1984 Macau Grand Prix

The 1984 Macau Grand Prix Formula Three was the 31st Macau Grand Prix race to be held on the streets of Macau on 18 November 1984. It was the first edition for Formula Three cars.

1990 Macau Grand Prix

The 1990 Macau Grand Prix Formula Three was the 37th Macau Grand Prix race to be held on the streets of Macau on 25 November 1990. It was the seventh edition for Formula Three cars.

2018 ADAC Formula 4 Championship

The 2018 ADAC Formula 4 Championship is the fourth season of the ADAC Formula 4, an open-wheel motor racing series. It was a multi-event motor racing championship that featured drivers competing in 1.4 litre Tatuus-Abarth single seat race cars that conform to the technical regulations for the championship. It began on 14 April at Oschersleben and finished on 23 September at Hockenheim after seven triple header rounds.

The championship was dominated by US Racing – CHRS driver Lirim Zendelli, who secured the title after the third race at Nürburgring. While his total numbers of wins became ten with the victory in the season finale at Hockenheim. His success was the key for US Racing – CHRS teams' title. Van Amersfoort Racing driver Liam Lawson lost to Zendelli by 114 points with wins at Lausitz and Spielberg. Prema Theodore Racing driver Enzo Fittipaldi had just one win at Spielberg. Lawson's teammates Frederik Vesti and Charles Weerts was victorious at Hockenheim and Nürburgring, completing the top-five in the standings. David Schumacher won the rookie title, defeating fellow German driver Niklas Krütten over 31 point.

2018 Baku FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Baku FIA Formula 2 round was a pair of motor races for Formula 2 cars that took place on 28 and 29 April 2018 at the Baku Street Circuit in Baku, Azerbaijan as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the second round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and runs in support of the 2018 Azerbaijan Grand Prix.

2018 Barcelona FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Barcelona FIA Formula 2 round was a pair of motor races for Formula 2 cars that took place on 12 and 13 May 2018 at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Catalonia, Spain as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the third round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and ran in support of the 2018 Spanish Grand Prix.

2018 FIA Formula 3 European Championship

The 2018 FIA Formula 3 European Championship was the seventh and final season of the FIA Formula 3 European Championship, a multi-event motor racing championship for third-tier single-seat open wheel formula racing cars that is held across Europe. The championship features drivers competing in two-litre Formula 3 racing cars which conform to the technical regulations, or formula, for the championship. Teams and drivers competed in ten rounds, running in support of a variety of European motorsport championships including the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, Blancpain GT Series Endurance Cup and the FIA World Endurance Championship.

As the FIA Formula 3 European Championship and GP3 Series are planned to merge and form the FIA Formula 3 Championship in 2019, 2018 was the final year that the championship was run since its formation in 2012.Mick Schumacher won the championship on his second season. He took the championship lead after win in the first Spielberg race and held it until the second Hockenheim race, where he clinched the title. Dan Ticktum was the championship leader after first Hungaroring race and from finish of the first Silverstone race till the finish of the first Spielberg race but he scored only 42 out of 150 possible points in the final two rounds, losing the title battle by 59 points. Robert Shwartzman won the rookies' championship and completed the top-three in the driver's standings ahead of another Ferrari Driver Academy members Marcus Armstrong and Guanyu Zhou. Armstrong was placed behind Jüri Vips in both Drivers' and Rookies' standings. While fellow Estonian driver Ralf Aron was behind Armstrong in the driver standings. Prema Theodore Racing successfully defended the teams' championship title, winning over Motopark with one round to spare, and maintaining their record of being the only team to have won the teams' championship since the FIA Formula 3 European Championship was launched in 2012.Champion Mick Schumacher take 8 wins - in Belgium, Italy, Great Britain. He has a hat-trick in Nürburgring - and he wins two races in Red Bull Ring. He losing only in third race to his teammate, Robert Shvartzman. Runner-up Daniel Ticktum, Jüri Vips and Ralf Aron - all take 4 race wins. Guanyu Zhou, Enaam Ahmed and Robert Shvartzman take 2 race wins. Marcus Armstrong, Sacha Fenestraz took 1 race win as did Jehan Daruvala - in Race 1 at Spa-Francorchamps, and Nikita Troitskiy - Russian driver won the third race at Zandvoort.

2018 Hungaroring FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Hungaroring FIA Formula 2 round were a pair of motor races held on 28 and 29 July 2018 at the Hungaroring in Mogyoród, Hungary as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the eighth round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and was run in support of the 2018 Hungarian Grand Prix.

2018 Italian F4 Championship

The 2018 Italian F4 Championship Powered by Abarth was the fifth season of the Italian F4 Championship. It began on 29 April at Imola and finished on 21 October at Autodromo Nazionale Monza after seven triple header rounds.The title was clinched by Enzo Fittipaldi, who won the season finale.

2018 Monaco FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Monaco FIA Formula 2 round was a pair of motor races for Formula 2 cars that took place on 25 and 26 May 2018 at the Circuit de Monaco in Monte-Carlo, Monaco as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the fourth round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and ran in support of the 2018 Monaco Grand Prix.

2018 Paul Ricard FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Paul Ricard FIA Formula 2 round was a pair of motor races for Formula 2 cars that took place on 23 and 24 June 2018 at the Circuit Paul Ricard in Le Castellet, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the fifth round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and ran in support of the 2018 French Grand Prix.

2018 Sochi FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Sochi FIA Formula 2 round were a pair of motor races held on 29 and 30 September 2018 at the Sochi Autodrom in Sochi, Russia as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the eleventh round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and was run in support of the 2018 Russian Grand Prix.

2018 Spa-Francorchamps FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Spa-Francorchamps FIA Formula 2 round were a pair of motor races held on 25 and 26 August 2018 at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps in Stavelot, Belgium as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the ninth round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and was run in support of the 2018 Belgian Grand Prix.

2018 Yas Marina FIA Formula 2 round

The 2018 Yas Marina FIA Formula 2 round were a pair of motor races held on 24 and 25 November 2018 at the Yas Marina Circuit in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates as part of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. It was the twelfth and final round of the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship and was run in support of the 2018 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.

Italian F4 Championship

Italian Formula 4 Championship is the first formula racing series regulated according to FIA Formula 4 regulations. The inaugural season was the 2014 Italian F4 Championship, effectively replacing the Formula Abarth.

Marcus Armstrong

Marcus Armstrong (born 29 July 2000) is a New Zealand motor racing driver who competes in the 2019 FIA F3 Championship for Prema Powerteam.

Mick Schumacher

Mick Schumacher (German pronunciation: [ˈmɪk ˈʃuːmaxɐ]; born 22 March 1999) is a German racing driver, currently competing in the FIA Formula 2 Championship with Prema Theodore Racing and being affiliated to the Ferrari Driver Academy. He began his career in karting in 2008, progressing to the German ADAC Formula 4 by 2015. Mick most recently competed in the 2018 FIA F3 European Championship, which he won. He is the son of seven-time Formula One World Champion Michael Schumacher, nephew of former Formula One driver Ralf Schumacher, stepnephew Sebastian Stahl, and grandson of Elizabeth and Rolf Schumacher.

Ralf Aron

Ralf Aron (born 21 March 1998) is an Estonian racing driver, who competed in the Italian F4 Championship, ADAC Formula 4 and European Formula 3 championships for Prema Powerteam and Hitech GP.

His younger brother Paul is also a racing driver and member of the Mercedes F1 junior programme.

Richard Piper

Richard Piper (born 22 October 1947) is a British former racing driver.Piper drove in the British Formula Atlantic championship from 1979 to 1981. He raced part-time in the World Sportscar Championship from 1985 to 1992, then drove in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1993 and 1994. He drove in the Historic Formula One Championship in 2008 and drove a vintage Theodore Racing Formula One car in historic events in 2010 after driving a Lola T332 Formula 5000 car in 2009.

Ron Tauranac

Ronald Sidney Tauranac (born 13 January 1925) is a retired British-Australian engineer and racing car designer, who with Formula One driver Jack Brabham founded the Brabham constructor and racing team in 1962. Following Brabham's retirement as a driver at the end of the 1970 season, Tauranac owned and managed the Brabham team until 1972, when he sold it to Bernie Ecclestone. He remained in England to assist with a redesign of a Politoys Formula One chassis for Frank Williams in 1973 and helped Trojan develop a Formula One version of their Formula 5000 car.

After a brief retirement in Australia, Tauranac returned to England to establish the Ralt marque (a name he and his brother Austin had used for some 'specials' in Australia in the 1950s, winning the NSW Hillclimb Championship in 1954 with the Ralt 500). The first "modern" Ralt was the Ralt RT1 chassis, to be raced in Formula Three, Formula Two and Formula Atlantic. The chassis proved successful, winning the European Formula Three championship in 1975 in the hands of Australian driver Larry Perkins. The 1978 season also proved successful for the RT1 chassis, winning the European F3 championship for Jan Lammers.

Tauranac designed the Theodore Racing F1 car for the 1978 season. Two new designs were created for the 1979 season: the RT2 for Formula Two and the RT3 for Formula Three. The RT3 chassis won the 1983 European F3 championship for Pierluigi Martini and five consecutive British F3 titles. A joint venture with Honda resulted in the RH6 chassis, which won the 1981, 1984 and 1985 titles. In October 1988, Tauranac sold the Ralt business to March Engineering for £1.25 million.

Tauranac has remained involved with various aspects of the sport since departing from Ralt, including racing-school cars for Honda, a Formula Renault car, consulting work for the Arrows Formula One team, and continuing his relationship with Honda that goes back to their early Formula Two days as engine supplier to Brabham in the 1960s. He has moved back to Australia but retains an interest in the sport. Tauranac can be seen each year as a design judge at the Formula SAE Australasia competition in Melbourne, Australia.

2019 season


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