The Zoological Record

The Zoological Record (ZR) is an electronic index of zoological literature that also serves as the unofficial register of scientific names in zoology.

It was started as a print publication in 1864 by the Zoological Society of London, as The Record of Zoological Literature, and changed its name to the Zoological Record in 1870. From 1980 to 2004, the ZR was published by BIOSIS, and from 2004 to 2016 it was published by Thomson Reuters, and from 2016 to the present it has been published by Clarivate Analytics. The print version ceased in 2016, but the publication continues as an electronic index.[1]

The Zoological Record
ProducerClarivate Analytics
History1865 – present
ProvidersClarivate Analytics, Ovid Technologies, Dialog, ProQuest, EBSCO Information Services
Temporal coverage1864 – present
No. of recordsover 3,500,000
Print edition
Print titleThe Zoological Record
Print title1864–2016


In 1864, Albert Günther and a group of zoologists associated with the British Museum and the Zoological Society came together to begin work on The Record of Zoological Literature, the first volume of which was published in 1865 by John Van Voorst, covering zoological literature that had been published in 1864. This work was intended to be an English language counterpart to the German language zoological index Archiv für Naturgeschichte, but without the Archiv's publication delays. After the first six volumes were published, Van Voorst withdrew as publisher due to a lack of profits from the work. Concerned zoologists then formed the Zoological Association and published volumes 7–22 (1870–1885) as the Zoological Record. In 1886, the Zoological Association passed the publication duties on to the Zoologial Society. In 1900 a competing publication, the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature, began publication. Section N of the Catalogue was intended to cover zoology, which caused subscription losses for the Zoological Record despite reviews stating that the Zoological Record was a superior publication. However, after negotiations, the Zoological Record itself became section N of the Catalogue. This arrangement ended with the advent of World War I.[2]

In 1980, the Zoological Society of London joined forces with BIOSIS to co-produce the Zoological Record. This co-production helped get rid of the three year lag in the publication of the index by instituting a "catch up" program to bring The Zoological Record up-to-date. This program was completed in 1988.[3] In January 2001, BIOSIS partnered with Cambridge Scientific Abstracts to produce a related database, Zoological Record Plus, which included abstracts from the Biological Sciences database produced by CSA.[4] February 2004 saw the acquisition of BIOSIS by Thomson ISI, again changing the producer of The Zoological Record.[5] Following the merger of Thomson and Reuters, Zoological Record was produced by Thomson Reuters. As of 2016, it is published by Clarivate Analytics in electronic format only.


The Zoological Record began coverage of different phyla in different years,[2] and as phyla have changed in both name and classification over time, the sections covering those phyla have also changed. What follows is a list of the phyla covered in the Zoological Record for different years:

1865[6] 1900[7] 1968[2] 2007
1. Mammalia 1. General Subjects 1. Comprehensive zoology 1. Comprehensive zoology
2. Aves 2. Mammalia 2. Protozoa 2. Protozoa
3. Reptilia 3. Aves 3. Porifera 3. Porifera & Archaeocyatha
4. Pisces 4. Reptilia & Batrachia 4. Coelenterata 4. Coelenterata & Ctenophora
5. Mollusca 5. Pisces 5. Echinodermata 5. Echinodermata
6. Molluscoida 6. Tunicata 6. Vermes 6A. Platyhelminthes & Nematoda etc.
7. Crustacea 7. Mollusca 7. Brachiopoda 6B. Annelida & Miscellaneous minor phyla
8. Arachnida 8. Brachiopoda 8. Bryozoa 6C. Conodonta & Fossil miscellanea
9. Myriopoda 9. Bryozoa 9. Mollusca 7. Brachiopoda
10. Insecta 10. Crustacea 10. Crustacea 8. Bryozoa (Polyzoa) & Entoprocta
    Coleoptera 11. Arachnida 11. Trilobita 9. Mollusca
    Hymenoptera 12. Myriopoda & Prototracheata 12. Arachnida 10. Crustacea
    Lepidoptera 13. Insecta 13. Insecta 11. Trilobitomorpha
    Diptera 14. Echinoderma 14. Protochordata 12. Arachnida & Smaller arthropod groups
    Neuroptera 15. Vermes 15. Pisces 13A. General Insecta & smaller orders
    Orthoptera 16. Cœlenterata 16. Amphibia 13B. Coleoptera
    Rhynchota 17. Spongiæ 17. Reptilia 13C. Diptera
11. Rotifera 18. Protozoa 18. Aves 13D. Lepidoptera
12. Annelida Alphabetical Index of New Names of Genera and Subgenera 19. Mammalia 13E. Hymenoptera
13. Helminthes 20. List of new genera, etc. 13F. Hemiptera
14. Echinodermata 14. Protochordata
15. Cœlenterata 15. Pisces
16. Protozoa 16. Amphibia
17. Reptilia
18. Aves
19. Mammalia
20. List of new taxonomic names

Zoological names

There has never been a single official repository for the recording of zoological names, despite the widespread recognition in the scientific community for the need for a comprehensive database of living organisms.[8][9][10] The ZR remains the unofficial record of zoological names since it indexes approximately 90% of the world literature on zoological literature.

In 1995, the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature was under development for the revised fourth edition (to be published in 1999). In the development, a recommendation was made for a process of "international notification" for new names in zoology. Since the Zoological Record indexes approximately 90% of the world literature on zoological nomenclature, it was seen as a good starting place for that process of notification. In response to this need, BIOSIS developed the Index to Organism Names (ION), a free and freely accessible database that serves as an index to those names published in the Zoological Record.[9] When BIOSIS was purchased by Thomson Reuters, ION was updated with names from additional databases, such as BIOSIS Previews and Biological Abstracts.

Similar biological nomenclature organizations and databases exist, such as the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA), the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Species 2000, and the Taxonomic Database Working Group (TDWG).[9] Web-based collaborative projects also exist, such as the Tree of Life Web Project, Encyclopedia of Life, Catalogue of Life, and Wikispecies.

Online availability

The Zoological Record is one of the few extremely important historical publications in the field of zoological nomenclature which are not available at open access to the public in a digitised image format, for example at the Biodiversity Heritage Library or the Internet Archive. In the United States there are however no legal restrictions to digitisation for the volumes that appeared prior to 1923, since their copyrights have expired and they are in the public domain.[11]


  1. ^ "Zoological Record: Print Volume Number Information". Clarivate Analytics Support. Clarivate Analytics. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 2016 volume 152. 2016 was the last year that the print version of Zoological Record was made available.
  2. ^ a b c Bridson, G. D. R. (1968). "The Zoological Record – A Centenary Appraisal". Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History. 5 (1): 23–34. doi:10.3366/jsbnh.1968.5.1.23.
  3. ^ "Zoological Info Now Current". Information Today. 5 (3): 32. March 1988. ISSN 8755-6286.
  4. ^ "News Briefs: BIOSIS and CSA Release Zoological Record Plus". Information Today. 18 (1): 23. 2001. ISSN 8755-6286.
  5. ^ Chillingworth, Mark (February 2004). "Thomson captures Biosis in its life sciences web". Information World Review (199): 3. ISSN 0950-9879.
  6. ^ The Record of Zoological Literature, 1865
  7. ^ The Zoological Record, 1900
  8. ^ "Genomics and taxonomy for all". Nature. 417 (6889): 573. 2002. doi:10.1038/417573a. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 12050616.
  9. ^ a b c Thorne, Joan (March 2003). "Zoological Record and the registration of new names in zoology". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 60 (1): 7–11. ISSN 0007-5167. Archived from the original on 2010-03-12.
  10. ^ Patterson, David J.; Remsen, David; Norton, Cathy (December 2003). "Comment on Zoological Record and registration of new names in zoology". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 60 (4): 297–299. ISSN 0007-5167. Archived from the original on 2009-09-17. Retrieved 2009-12-09.
  11. ^ "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States.", Cornell University.

External links

Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae

Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing original research studies in the fields of animal taxonomy, systematics, biogeography, and ecology. It was established in 1954 under the title Acta Zoologica Hungarica (1984–1993). It is indexed in the Journal Citation Reports. The journal is also indexed in BIOSIS, Biological Abstracts, Abstracts of Entomology, CAB Abstracts, Forest Science Database, Current Contents, Human Genome Abstracts, Science Citation Index, and The Zoological Record.

BIOSIS Previews

BIOSIS Previews is an English-language, bibliographic database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of Clarivate Analytics Web of Science suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present.BIOSIS Previews is part of the Life Sciences in Web of Science. Its coverage encompasses the life sciences and biomedical sciences literature, with deep global coverage on a wide range of related subject areas. This is accomplished with access to indexed journal content from Biological Abstracts, and supplemental indexed non-journal content from Biological Abstracts/Reports, Reviews, Meetings (BA/RRM or Biological Abstracts/RRM) and the major publications of BIOSIS. This coverage includes literature in pre-clinical and experimental research, methods and instrumentation, animal studies, environmental and consumer issues, and other areas.The database is also provided by EBSCO Information Services through a partnership with Clarivate Analytics.Biological Abstracts consists of 350,000 references for almost 5,000 primary journal and monograph titles. Biological Abstracts/RRM additionally includes more than 200,000 non-journal citations.

Biological Abstracts/RRM is the former BioResearch Index.


Besoiro is a French entomological scientific journal. It is published by Patrick Arnaud and was established in 1995. The name means beetle in Portuguese. The taxa described are included in the Zoological Record.Following the cessation of publication of the Bulletin de la Société Sciences Nat in 1995, the journals Besoiro and Coléoptères were founded to accommodate some of the manuscripts that would have gone to the older journal.

Bibliotheca Herpetologica

Bibliotheca Herpetologica: A Journal of the History and Bibliography of Herpetology is a biannual peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the history of herpetology and its bibliography. It is published by the [International Society for the History and Bibliography of Herpetology]. The journal was established in May 1999 as the International Society for the History and Bibliography of Herpetology Newsletter and Bulletin and obtained its current title in 2005 (volume 5, issue 2). The editor-in-chief is Christofer J. Bell (University of Texas at Austin). The journal is abstracted and indexed in The Zoological Record.

Bosque (journal)

Bosque is a scientific journal published by the Forestry Faculty of the Southern University of Chile. It publishes articles on a wide range of forestry-related topics, primarily on issues that are relevant to Chile, Latin America and the Southern Hemisphere. The published articles include peer-reviewed scientific research papers, items of current interest and opinion pieces. Bosque's first issue was published in 1975 and the journal was issued yearly until 1985. From 1985 to 2003 it was issued twice a year and from 2003 on three times a year. The topics covered in Bosque are management and production of forestry resources, wood science and technology, silviculture, forest ecology, natural resources conservation, and rural development associated with forest ecosystems. The journal publishes research articles, notes and opinions, both in Spanish and English. Bosque was included in the Science Citation Index Expanded in 2009. The journal is also indexed in The Zoological Record.


Crustaceana is a peer-reviewed scientific journal specialising in carcinology. It was established in 1960 and is published monthly by Brill Publishers. The journal is abstracted and indexed by BIOSIS Previews, the Science Citation Index, The Zoological Record, and GeoRef. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2011 impact factor of 0.464.The journal is edited by J.C. von Vaupel Klein. It charges an unspecified publication fee from authors of all regular papers, and an optional open access fee of USD 1830.

Entomologisk tidskrift

The Entomologisk tidskrift (English: Entomological journal) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Entomological Society of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges Entomologiska Förening) covering research on entomology, with an emphasis on Sweden and the other Nordic countries. It was established 1880 and is currently published triannually. The editor-in-chief is Mats Jonsell (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences). The Entomologisk tidskrift is abstracted and indexed in The Zoological Record and Entomology Abstracts.

Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies

The Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies is a bimonthly peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering entomology and related topics. It is published by Akinik Publications and is abstracted and indexed in The Zoological Record and Current Contents/Agriculture, Biology & Environmental Sciences.

Malacologica Bohemoslovaca

Malacologica Bohemoslovaca is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering all aspects of malacology. It is published by the Institute of Zoology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. The editor-in-chief is Lucie Juřičková (Charles University in Prague). Articles are published in Czech, Slovak, English, or German, with an abstract in English. The journal is abstracted and indexed in The Zoological Record.

Miscellanea Malacologica

Miscellanea Malacologica is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering malacology, specifically papers on the taxonomy, nomenclature, and zoogeography of mollusks. The journal is published by Marien Faber (Duivendrecht, the Netherlands) and was established in 2004.

The name of the journal is Latin for "malacological miscellany". The journal is a large format publication with color illustrations. It is published on an irregular basis: from 2004 to 2012 it had from two to five issues per year. The journal is abstracted and indexed in The Zoological Record.

North-Western Journal of Zoology

The North-Western Journal of Zoology is an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal on zoology and animal ecology. It is the official journal of the Herpetological Club of Oradea (Romania). It was established in 2005.

The journal is indexed and abstracted in the Science Citation Index Expanded, The Zoological Record, Scopus, and EBSCOhost.

Peckhamia (journal)

Peckhamia is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering research on jumping spiders. It is published by the Peckham Society, an international organization of naturalists and scientists with an interest in jumping spiders, named in honor of George and Elizabeth Peckham. The journal was established in 1977 and its current editor-in-chief is David E. Hill.Several species related to the peacock spider were first described in Peckhamia including Maratus harrisi (2011), Saitis mutans (2012), Saitis virgatus (2012), Maratus robinsoni (2012), Maratus spicatus (2012), Maratus velutinus (2012), and Maratus avibus (2014). The genus Phanuelus was first described in Peckhamia in 2015.Peckhamia is abstracted and indexed in The Zoological Record.

Polar Record

Polar Record is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of Arctic and Antarctic exploration and research. It is managed by the Scott Polar Research Institute and published by Cambridge University Press. The journal was established in 1931 and the editor-in-chief is Ian R. Stone (Scott Polar Research Institute).

Silliman Journal

The Silliman Journal is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal published by Silliman University (Dumaguete City, Philippines). The editor-in-chief is Margaret U. Alvarez. The journal was established in 1953, starting as a quarterly and interdisciplinary in content. The initial issues contained research papers and articles by faculty and graduate students, but eventually, contributions from non-Silliman scholars and scholars outside of the Philippines were also accepted. The initial publication of the journal was funded by the James W. Chapman Research Foundation.The Silliman Journal generally accepts contributions in all fields from both Philippine and foreign scholars. Articles are required to have some relevance to the Philippines, Asian, or the Pacific regions. The journal publishes research articles, reviews, notes, and book reviews.The journal is accredited with the Philippine Commission on Higher Education and is abstracted and indexed by The Zoological Record.

Systematic Entomology

Systematic Entomology is a scientific journal covering the field of systematic entomology, published by the Royal Entomological Society of London. Having begun in 1932 as Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series B: Taxonomy, the title was changed to Journal of Entomology, Series B: Taxonomy in 1971, starting with volume 40. After volume 44 in 1976, the journal became Systematic Entomology, starting again with volume 1.In 2010, it was ranked sixth among entomological journals in terms of impact factor. It is indexed in the following bibliographic databases:

Academic Search


Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts


Biological Abstracts

BIOSIS Previews

CAB Direct

CSA Biological Sciences Database

CSA Environmental Sciences & Pollution Management Database

Current Contents




Journal Citation Reports

Science Citation Index

The Zoological Record

The Global Lepidoptera Names Index

The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex) is a searchable database maintained by the Department of Entomology at the Natural History Museum, London.

It is based on card indices and scanned journals, nomenclatural catalogues and the Zoological Record. It contains the majority of world's Lepidoptera names published up until 1981 and for some groups is up to date.The Global Lepidoptera Names Index or LepIndex allows anyone free internet access to:

the zoological authority who named a butterfly or moth species

where the original description was published

status of the name (valid name or synonym)It is the main source of Lepidoptera names in the Integrated Taxonomic Information System and Catalogue of Life.

Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science

Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Kansas Academy of Science. The journal covers biological and physical sciences, mathematics and computer science, history, culture, and philosophy of science, and science education. the journal is abstracted and indexed in The Zoological Record and BIOSIS Previews.

Zdenek Bouček

Zdenek Bouček (8 January 1924 – 17 July 2011) was a Czech entomologist specialising in the Chalcidoidea superfamily of the Hymenoptera. With Marcus Graham and Richard Askew, Bouček was one of the most important workers studying this large and diverse group in the second half of the Twentieth Century and these three laid the foundations of the modern systematics of the chalcid wasps.

Bouček was born in the Czech town of Hradec Králové on 8 January 1924, then part of Czechoslovakia. He married Tatiana Rydlova in 1949 and they had one daughter, Jitka. His first works as an entomologist were published while he was at the Univerzita Karlova in Prague and he later worked at an agricultural research centre before obtaining his Ph.D. from the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, his thesis being a "Revision of Chalcidoidea of Europe". In 1969 he was forced to flee Czechoslovakia as a result of the deterioration of the political situation following the Prague Spring and the subsequent Soviet invasion. He took his family to the United Kingdom where he worked for a short time at the Hope Department at Oxford University before taking up a post at the Commonwealth Institute of Entomology which is located in the Natural History Museum, London where he worked until his retirement in 1989.His main subject of taxonomic research was the Chalcidoidea, especially of the families which included those species with larger body sizes Leucospidae, Chalcididae, Pteromalidae, Torymidae and Eulophidae. Among his publications was the 800+ page book "Australasian Chalcidoidea" published in 1988. This work was so big that it took one person over two months to compile the taxonomic revisions it contained into the Zoological Record. Zdenek published over 150 papers and named over 1100 taxa of Hymenoptera including 47 families and 281 genera. He was installed as an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society in 2004 and was awarded the International Society of Hymenopterists Distinguished Research Medal in 2005.Following his retirement in 1989 and the Velvet Revolution Bouček returned to the Czech Republic buying a cottage in his birthplace of Hradec Králové. He continued to work and publish on Chalcidoidea after retirement. He died on 17 July 2011 following a long illness.

Zoologische Mededelingen

Zoologische Mededelingen is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal that publishes papers and monographs on animal systematics. The publisher is the National Museum of Natural History Naturalis in the Netherlands. The first issue of Zoologische Mededelingen appeared in 1915, as the official journal of Naturalis' predecessor 's Rijks Museum van Natuurlijke Historie. Earlier, the museum published Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle des Pays-Bas (volumes I-XIV, 1862-1908) and Notes from the Leyden Museum (volumes I-XXXVI, 1879-1914), which mainly covered the fauna of the Netherlands and the former Dutch colonies.

Zoologische Mededelingen is indexed in The Zoological Record and BIOSIS. A complete backlist of published volumes is presented on the institutional repository of Naturalis.


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.