The Smurfs (TV series)

The Smurfs (syndicated as Smurfs' Adventures) is an American-Belgian animated fantasy-comedy children's television series that aired on NBC from 12 September 1981, to 2 December 1989. Produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, it is based on the Belgian comic series by the same name, created by Belgian cartoonist Peyo (who also served as story supervisor of this adaptation) and aired for 256 episodes[1] with a total of 418 stories, excluding three cliffhanger episodes and seven specials.

The Smurfs
The Smurfs (1981 TV series) title card
International title card
Created byPierre "Peyo" Culliford
Directed by
  • Bob Hathcock (Season 1–2, Season 5)
  • George Gordon (Season 1–4)
  • Rudy Zamora (Season 1–6)
  • Carl Urbano (Season 1–6, Season 8)
  • John Walker (Season 3–4)
  • Oscar Dufau (Season 3–4, Season 9)
  • Alan Zaslove (Season 4–5)
  • Don Lusk (Season 5–6, Season 8–9)
  • Jay Sarbry (Season 6–9)
  • John Kimball (Season 7)
  • Bob Goe (Season 7–8)
  • Paul Sommer (Season 7–9)
  • Gerard Baldwin (Special 2–6)
  • Ray Patterson (Special 7; also supervising director)
Voices of(See Voices or Characters)
Theme music composer
  • Mireille Delfosse (Worldwide version)
  • Hoyt Curtin (Season 1–8, U.S. version)
  • Tom Worrall (Season 9, U.S. version)
Opening theme
  • "The Smurfy Way" (Worldwide)
  • "La La Song" (Season 2 only, U.S.)
Ending theme
  • "The Smurfy Way" (Instrumental)
  • "La La Song" (Instrumental)
Country of origin
  • United States
  • Belgium
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons9
No. of episodes256 (419 segments)[1] (list of episodes)
Executive producer(s)
  • Gerard Baldwin (Season 1–3; supervising producer, Season 4–5; Special 2–6)
  • Bob Hathcock (Season 4–6)
  • Don Jurwich (Season 7; Special 7)
  • Walt Kubiak (Season 7)
  • Paul Sabella (Season 8–9)
  • Iwao Takamoto (creative producer, S01–05)
  • Associate producers:
  • Bob Hathcock (Season 3; Special 5)
  • Larry Latham (Special 6)
  • Charles Grosvenor (Season 6)
Editor(s)Gil Iverson
Running time22 minutes
Production company(s)
Original networkNBC
Audio format
Original release12 September 1981 – 2 December 1989
Related shows
External links


In 1976, Stuart R. Ross, an American media and entertainment entrepreneur who saw the Smurfs while traveling in Belgium, entered into an agreement with Editions Dupuis and Peyo, acquiring North American and other rights to the characters, whose original name was "les Schtroumpfs". Subsequently, Ross launched the Smurfs in the United States in association with a California company, Wallace Berrie and Co., whose figurines, dolls and other Smurf merchandise became a hugely popular success. NBC President Fred Silverman's daughter, Melissa, had a Smurf doll of her own that he had bought for her at a toy shop while they were visiting Aspen, Colorado. Silverman thought that a series based on the Smurfs might make a good addition to his Saturday-morning lineup.[3]

The Saturday morning cartoon The Smurfs, produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions in association with SEPP International S.A. (from 1981 to 1987) and Lafig S.A. (in the years 1988 and 1989), debuted on NBC in 1981. The series became a major success for the network[4] and one of the most successful and longest running Saturday morning cartoons in television history, spawning spin-off television specials on an almost yearly basis. The characters included Papa Smurf, Smurfette, Brainy Smurf, the evil Gargamel, his cat Azrael, and Johan and his friend Peewit. The Smurfs was nominated multiple times for Daytime Emmy Awards, and won Outstanding Children's Entertainment Series in 1982–1983.[5]

In 1989, NBC changed the format of the show, removing some of the Smurfs from the forest and omitted the Smurf village. These changes were adopted to a lost in time format similar to The Time Tunnel. The show was cancelled because of decreasing ratings due to viewers being displeased with the change. In addition, NBC executives prepared a Today weekend program for Saturdays as well as programmings for teenagers such as Saved by the Bell, which came later on and led to the elimination of Saturday morning animated children's shows. The show continued through 2 December 1989 on the NBC network.


Season Episodes Segments Originally aired
First aired Last aired
1 26 39 September 12, 1981 December 5, 1981
2 36 46 September 18, 1982 December 4, 1982
3 32 55 September 17, 1983 November 26, 1983
4 26 48 September 15, 1984 November 17, 1984
5 24 40 September 21, 1985 November 8, 1985
6 36 61 September 13, 1986 November 29, 1986
7 36 65 September 19, 1987 December 5, 1987
8 16 24 September 10, 1988 October 29, 1988
9 24 39 September 9, 1989 December 2, 1989
Specials 7 June 19, 1981 December 13, 1987

Voices and characters


Outsourced production work was done by Wang Film Productions/Cuckoo's Nest Studios and, only for the Season 7, by Toei Animation.

Use of classical music

The Smurfs was noted for its frequent use of classical music as background music or themes for particular events. Notable works found in the Smurfs include:[6][7]


The show was formerly distributed by Worldvision Enterprises (now CBS Television Distribution). It is now distributed by Warner Bros. Television Distribution, as Time Warner is the current owner of all Hanna-Barbera properties, having inherited them in their 1996 merger with Turner Broadcasting. The series is a long-time fixture of Turner's Boomerang.

A half-hour re-compilation version for syndication was broadcast under the title Smurfs Adventures (this is usually the version seen on Boomerang). Although each season had its own unique opening song during the original broadcast, syndicated airings usually use a shortened version of the season 4 opening, where Gargamel says, "Ravage the land as never before, total destruction from mountain to shore."

Home media releases

Region 1

Warner Home Video (via Hanna-Barbera Productions and Warner Bros. Family Entertainment) released the complete first season on DVD in a two-volume set in 2008.[9][10] Despite high sales of both sets,[11] no further seasons have been released. Warner Home Video later released a series of three single disc releases of The Smurfs in 2009, each containing 5 episodes from the second season.[12][13][14] A two-disc DVD was set to be released in 2011 to tie into the theatrical film with 10 episodes culled from the entire run of the series,[15] but included episodes from the second season instead. Another DVD with both Smurfs Christmas specials was released later that year.[16] It is unknown if Warner Archive will release the rest of the show's complete seasons (as part of the Hanna-Barbera Classics Collection series).

DVD title Season(s) Episode count Release date Description
Season 1 Volume 1 1 13 26 February 2008 This two-disc release contained the first nineteen season one episodes, uncut and digitally remastered and presented in its original broadcast presentation and order. Special features included a bonus episode "The Smurfs Springtime Special", and the Smurfs music video.
Season 1 Volume 2 7 October 2008 This two-disc release contained the remaining twenty season one episodes. Plus one special feature "I Smurf The Smurfs".
True Blue Friends 2 5 3 March 2009 Contains five season two episodes "S-Shivering S-Smurfs", "Turncoat Smurf", "The Smurf Who Couldn't Say No", "The Haunted Castle", and "The Black Hellebore". Special features including a storyboard of "Gormandizing Greedy".
Smurfy Tales 18 August 2009 Contains five season two episodes "The Last Laugh", "The A-maze-ing Smurfs", "The Lost City of Yore", "Johan's Army", and "The Good, The Bad, and the Smurfy". Special features including bios as Handy, Clumsy, Smurfette, and Vanity Smurf.
World of Wonders 17 November 2009 Contains five season two episodes "All's Smurfy That Ends Smurfy", "The Littlest Giant", "Sleepwalking Smurfs", "Squeaky", and "The Sorcery Of Maltrochu". Special features including The Meet The Smurfs feature shows Jokey, Brainy, and Greedy, and if you click on the telescope, it shows something that is "rated S for smurfy". It's shown as if it was a science-fiction movie. It starts out with Dreamy asking if there is life in "outer smurf", and shows Hefty saying, "There is no life in outer smurf." Also it has an announcer, and ends with the announcer saying "It Came From Outer Smurf. Coming soon." If you look closely Greedy's image is Cook Smurf's image, which is what the cartoon version of Greedy is based on.
A Magical Smurf Adventure 10 19 July 2011 Contains ten season two episodes "Smurf Van Winkle", "Revenge Of The Smurfs", "Magic Fountain", "Smurf Me No Flowers", "The Cursed Country", "The Blue Plague", "The Ring Of Castellac", "A Mere Truffle", "Gormandizing Greedy", and "Sister Smurf". Special features including Smurf Speak.
Holiday Celebration N/A 2 11 October 2011 Contains both two Christmas specials "'Tis the Season to Be Smurfy" and "The Smurfs Christmas Special"
The Best of Seasons 1 and 2 1, 2 24 12 March 2013 Repackage contains the first discs from the Season 1 Volumes 1 and 2 and A Magical Smurf Adventure sets.
Smurfs to the Rescue! 6 16 July 2013 Contains one season one episode, and five season two episodes "The Goblin of Boulder Wood", "Sideshow Smurfs", "The Three Smurfketeers", "It Came From Outer Smurf", "One Good Smurf Deserves Another", and "The Sky Is Smurfing! The Sky Is Smurfing!"
Smurftastic Journey 1, 6 15 October 2013 Contains five season one episodes, and one season six episode "The Astrosmurf", "Painter And Poet", "Paradise Smurfed", "Supersmurf", "Dreamy's Nightmare", and "All That Glitters Isn't Smurf"
A Magical Smurf Adventure 2 1 8 November 2013 Contains six season one episodes "The Baby Smurf", "The Fake Smurf", "Bewitched, Bothered, And Be-Smurfed", "Fuzzle Trouble", "The Smurfette", and "The Magical Meanie"

Region 2

Fabulous Films and Arrow Films have released the first five seasons on DVD in the UK.[17][18][19][20][21] The company has also released the film The Smurfs and the Magic Flute on Blu-ray and DVD, as well as several compilation DVDs, containing themed specials from the show.

DVD Name Ep # Release date
Complete 1st Season 27 5 July 2010
Complete 2nd Season 24 6 September 2010
Complete 3rd Season 31 1 July 2013
Complete 4th Season 28 1 July 2013
Complete 5th Season 25 1 July 2013
The Complete Seasons 1-5 135 1 December 2014
The Smurfs – Four Smurf Tastic Episodes 4 30 July 2011
The Smurfs and the Magic Flute (Blu-ray + DVD) 0 11 October 2011
The Smurfs: Tis the Season to Be Smurfy 4 5 November 2011
The Smurfs: My Smurfy Valentine 4 8 January 2012
The Smurfs Springtime Special 6 17 March 2012
The Smurfs: The Smurfic Games 7 4 June 2012
The Smurfs Halloween Special 6 1 October 2012
The Smurfs: Love Smurfette 6 1 July 2013
The Smurfs: Papa Smurf Rocks! 6 1 July 2013
The Smurfs: World Cup Carnival 5 23 June 2014

Sony Pictures Home Entertainment has announced the release of the full Series in 9 Season Sets on DVD in Germany, with German sound only, beginning in August 2011.[22]

DVD Name Ep # Release date
Die komplette erste Staffel 27 4 August 2011
Die komplette zweite Staffel 24 4 August 2011
Die komplette dritte Staffel 31 14 October 2011
Die komplette vierte Staffel 28 14 October 2011
Die komplette fünfte Staffel 25 16 August 2012
Die komplette sechste Staffel 39 16 August 2012
Die komplette siebte Staffel 40 25 July 2013
Die komplette achte Staffel 16 (including 16 additional episodes of Johan and Peewit) 25 July 2013
Die komplette neunte Staffel 26 25 July 2013
Collector's Edition ( exclusive) 272 4 July 2013

Region 4

Magna Home Entertainment has released various best-of volume collections on DVD.

  • The Smurfs and the Magic Flute has been released, but a new 'Original Collector's Edition'[23] with new packaging released on 2 September 2011.
  • The Smurfs – Time Travellers (3 Disc Set)[24] was released on 5 November 2008.
  • The Smurfs – Smurfette Collection (3 Disc Set)[25] was released on 1 September 2009.
  • The Smurfs – Papa Smurf Collection (3 Disc Set)[26] was released on 4 November 2009.
  • The Smurfs – Favourites Collection (6 Disc Box Set)[27] was released on 29 June 2010.
  • The Smurfs – Just Smurfy 1 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)[28] was released on 3 November 2010.
  • The Smurfs – Just Smurfy 2 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)[29] was released on 3 November 2010.
  • The Smurfs – Just Smurfy 3 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)[30] was released on 1 December 2010.
  • The Smurfs – Just Smurfy 4 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)[31] was released on 2 March 2011.
  • The Smurfs – Complete Season 1 (3 Disc Digipak)[32] and The Smurfs – Complete Season 2 (3 Disc Digipak)[33] were released on 24 August 2011.
  • The Smurfs – Complete Season 3 (4 Disc Digipak)[34] and The Smurfs – Complete Season 4 (4 Disc Digipak)[35] were released on 5 October 2011.
  • The Smurfs – Complete Season 5 (3 Disc Digipak)[36] was released on 1 December 2011.
  • The Smurfs – Complete Season 6 (5 Disc Digipak)[37] was released on 4 January 2012.
  • The Smurfs – Complete Season 7 (5 Disc Digipak),[38] The Smurfs – Complete Season 8 (2 Disc Digipak)[39] were released on 1 August 2013.
  • The Smurfs – Complete Season 9 (3 Disc Digipak)[40] was released on 14 August 2013.
  • The Smurfs – Ultimate Collection 1: Limited Edition – Seasons 1–5 (18 Disc Box Set)[41] released on 24 August 2011.
  • The Smurfs – Ultimate Collection 2: Limited Edition – Seasons 6–9 (16 Disc Box Set)[42] released on 2 November 2011.

In popular culture

  • The animated versions of Papa Smurf and Brainy Smurf were featured in Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue. Hefty Smurf also makes a brief cameo in the beginning of the movie with the other Smurfs, his only line being, "Who smurfed the bell?" Smurfette is shown on the promotional poster and VHS cover artwork, but was not seen in the special. Harmony Smurf made a small cameo as the Smurfs comic book was flipping through pages.
  • Gargamel and Azrael made guest appearances on Family Guy in 2009.
  • The Smurfs were often parodied in Robot Chicken where Danny Goldman reprises his role of Brainy Smurf while Dan Milano voiced Papa Smurf and Seth Green voiced Gargamel.
  • In the Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law episode "Guitar Control", a tank can be seen destroying a Smurf house.


  1. ^ a b "Top 100 Animated Series". IGN. Archived from the original on 19 January 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  2. ^ Nash, Eric (2 December 2002). "Charles Dupuis, 84, Publisher Who Introduced the Smurfs". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  3. ^ Barbera, Joseph (1994). My Life in 'Toons': From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta: Turner Publishing. pp. 184–187. ISBN 1-57036-042-1.
  4. ^ Holz, Jo (2017). Kids' TV Grows Up: The Path from Howdy Doody to SpongeBob. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. pp. 125–126. ISBN 978-1-4766-6874-1.
  5. ^ Cendrowicz, Leo (15 January 2008). "The Smurfs Are Off to Conquer the World – Again". Time. Retrieved 15 January 2008.
  6. ^ "Orchestral lunacy: George Daugherty bugs out". Montreal Mirror. 10 July 1997. Archived from the original on 29 January 2003.
  7. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions!". Astro's Treasure Chest. 20 January 2003. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  8. ^ "Topic: an orchestrated piece in the smurfs, oh and HI!". Smurf BBS. 19 August 2004. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  9. ^ Lambert, David (26 October 2007). "The Smurfs – OFFICIAL Announcement At Long, Smurfy Last! Full Press Release Is Due Next Week". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  10. ^ Lambert, David (15 July 2008). "The Smurfs – 2nd DVD Release Announced: Date, Cost, Package Art & Extras! Smurfing your way early this October!". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  11. ^ Lambert, David (9 January 2009). "The Smurfs – Official Studio Press Release for The Smurfs – Volume 1: True Blue Friends – Single-disc release smurfs it's way home in a matter of weeks". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  12. ^ Lambert, David (3 February 2009). "The Smurfs – Cartoon-Related Release Date Change #1: Smurfing the DVD Schedule Back a Couple of Weeks – New early-March release date for the True Blue Friends DVD". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  13. ^ Lambert, David (30 April 2009). "The Smurfs – Vol. 2: Smurfy Tales: Date, Cost, Episodes, Extras, Box Art – New single-disc release scheduled for mid-August". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  14. ^ Lambert, David (2 September 2009). "The Smurfs – Volume 3: Worlds of Wonder DVD Announced: Date, Contents, Package ***UPDATE: EXTRAS*** – 5 more cartoons Smurf their way into your collection this November". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  15. ^ Lambert, David (15 July 2001). "The Smurfs – 'A Magical Smurf Adventure': Formal Press Release Before Tuesday's Street Date – 10-episode collection meant to tie in with the new theatrical film". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  16. ^ Lambert, David (29 September 2011). "The Smurfs – Formal Press Release from Warner for their 'Holiday Celebration' DVD – 2 specials on 1 disc, available this coming Tuesday, October 4th". Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  17. ^ "The Smurfs: Complete 1st Season [DVD]". Fabulous Films. 5 July 2010.
  18. ^ "The Smurfs: Complete 2nd Series [DVD]". Fabulous Films. 6 September 2010.
  19. ^ "The Smurfs: Complete 3rd Series [DVD]". Fabulous Films. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  20. ^ "The Smurfs: Complete 4th Series [DVD]". Fabulous Films. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  21. ^ "The Smurfs: Complete 5th Series [DVD]". Fabulous Films. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  22. ^ "Filme & TV " "die schlümpfe"" [Search results for "Smurfs"]. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  23. ^ "Smurfs and the Magic Flute, The – Original Collector's Edition". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  24. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Time Travellers (3 Disc Set)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  25. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Smurfette Collection (3 Disc Set)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 2 October 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  26. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Papa Smurf Collection (3 Disc Set)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 4 October 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  27. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Favourites Collection (6 Disc Box Set)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 11 April 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  28. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Just Smurfy 1 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  29. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Just Smurfy 2 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  30. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Just Smurfy 3 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  31. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Just Smurfy 4 (Box Set) (BONUS Figurine)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 14 April 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  32. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 1 (3 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  33. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 1 (3 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  34. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 3 (4 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  35. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 4 (4 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  36. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 5 (3 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  37. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 6 (5 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  38. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 7 (5 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  39. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 8 (2 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  40. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Complete Season 9 (3 Disc Digipak)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  41. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Ultimate Collection 1: Limited Edition – Seasons 1–5 (18 Disc Box Set)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  42. ^ "Smurfs, The (1981) – Ultimate Collection 2: Limited Edition – Seasons 6–9 (16 Disc Box Set)". EzyDVD Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.

External links

Baby Smurf

Baby Smurf (original French title: Le Bébé Schtroumpf) is the twelfth album of the original French-language Smurfs comic series created by Belgian artist Peyo.

Apart from the titular story, it contains three more: The Handy Smurf, The Smurf Paint and A Smurfy Party.

Bangladesh Television

Bangladesh Television (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ টেলিভিশন), also known by the acronym BTV, is the state-owned Television network in Bangladesh. It started broadcasting as Pakistan Television in what was then East Pakistan on 25 December 1964. It was renamed Bangladesh Television after the independence in 1971. Broadcasts in full colour started in 1980. About 2 million televisions receive transmissions from the network's 17 relay stations.

BTV has a national channel which is broadcast from Dhaka. This transmission is relayed to the whole country via local relay stations in major cities of the country. There is also a regional station located in Chittagong which broadcasts local programmes in the evening. In the mid-1990s the national TV channel started to broadcast the news programs of BBC and CNN. In 2004, BTV started worldwide broadcasts through its satellite based branch, BTV World.

BTV is primarily financed through the television licence fees. Although it has produced many award-winning programmes, it has often been criticised for being the mouth-piece of the ruling government and their lack of quality entertaining programmes.

Body swap appearances in media

Body swaps have been a common storytelling device in fiction media. Novels such as Vice Versa (1882) and Freaky Friday (1972) have inspired numerous film adaptations and retellings, as well as television series and episodes, many with titles derived from "Freaky Friday". In 2013, Disney Channel held a Freaky Freakend with seven shows that featured body-swapping episodes.This list features exchanges between two beings, and thus excludes similar phenomena of body hopping, spirit possession, transmigration, and avatars, unless the target being's mind is conversely placed in the source's body. It also excludes age transformations that are sometimes reviewed or promoted as body swaps, as in the movies Big and 17 Again; identity/role swaps, typically between twins, clones, look-alikes, or doppelgängers; and characters with multiple personalities.

David Hilberman

David Hilberman (18 December 1911 – 5 July 2007) was an American cartoon animator and one of the founders of classic 1940s animation. An innovator in the animation industry, he co-founded United Productions of America (UPA). The studio gave its artists great freedom and pioneered the modern style of animation. As Animator and Professor Tom Sito noted: "Arguably, no studio since Walt Disney exerted such a great influence on world animation." He and Zack Schwartz went on to start Tempo Productions which became an early leader in television animated commercial production. In short, he played an important role in the new directions the art form took in the 1940s and ‘50s.Hilberman studied art in schools in both Detroit and Cleveland. The great depression began when he was 18, and with its huge economic dislocation promoted political activism and consequential legislation: the Social Security Act and the National Labor Relations Act. In 1932 he traveled with friends to Russia, where all of their parents had been born. He stayed for six months in Leningrad, worked in a theater and studied stagecraft and art. Unable to speak Russian and finding Russians too dogmatic, he returned to Cleveland. There he resumed his education at Case Western Reserve University, earning a B.S. in Art Education in 1934 and continuing his involvement with theater at the Cleveland Play House eventually securing a job teaching art in high school. He married, became aware of a talent search for artists being held by Walt Disney Productions and submitted a portfolio. He became one of 29 artists hired out of several thousand applicants. Hilberman began in animation as an assistant animator and shortly was asked by Bill Tytla to join his unit working on the dwarf sequences in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the world's first animated feature film. The movie, which had been a major gamble for the Walt Disney studio became a huge artistic and financial success and lead to a series of pioneering animation features. He went on to do layout on six short films and was then put in charge of pre-production layout for Bambi. In preparation, he learned how to use the studio's huge new multiplane camera used for the panoramas through the woods. He was proud of the work done at the studio.Many artists had worked long unpaid hours on Snow White. Instead of overtime pay, the artists were promised bonuses for their efforts which were never paid as Walt Disney chose to use the revenues to build a new studio in Burbank. Importantly, the Studio’s revenues had been cut in nearly half by the WWII in Europe. By early 1941 artists were being let go without explanation, even when senior and very skilled. These layoffs lead directly to the Disney animators’ strike in the spring of 1941. In an FBI interview three weeks after the strike began, Disney blamed these staff cuts for the strike. Nevertheless, two weeks later Disney placed an ad in Hollywood trade papers stated the strike was caused by Communist agitation!The after effects of the Studio’s economic downturn and the strike included a major exodus of talent from Disney. In 1943 David Hilberman, Zack Schwartz and Steve Bosustow, set up a new studio, which became UPA. Notable early films to which he contributed included his most political films: Point Rationing of Foods which was shown nationwide as part of the war effort, then for FDR's 1944 re-election campaign: Hell Bent for Election and Brotherhood of Man. The pamphlet on which Brotherhood was based, was written by two eminent anthropologists, Ruth Benedict and Gene Weltfish , but was nevertheless banned by the War Department as subversive due to its assertion that racial differences were superficial.

Hilberman was drafted into the army toward the end of World War II and a year after his return to civilian life he sold his interest in UPA. The end of the war and the 1946 elections brought a sharp right turn in American politics. Exploiting fears of the Soviet Union (unrealistic given the decimation of the Soviet Union by the war and Stalin's policies) the Second Red Scare began. In 1947 the House Un-American Activities Committee met in Hollywood. Walt Disney blamed the strike on communist agitators rather than acknowledging unexplained layoffs of artists previously attributed to the studio's financial stress. Disney named several artists, including Hilberman as Communists. Similarly, other movie studio executives named many union activists as Communists and the attack on the unions turned into a nasty witch-hunt. Best known for the 10 Screen Writers denounced as Communists, the Hollywood Blacklist began. The social justice issues which motivated the Hilbermans to attend some Communist Party meetings in the late 1930s and early 1940s -- worker's rights, unions, women's rights, an end to racism – were regarded as subversive. One of the FBI special agents who was involved chasing commies found himself thinking “Gee this isn't all that bad. They want equal rights in the union for minorities and blacks and equal pay for women. What the hell is wrong with this?"In 1947 David Hilberman and Zack Schwartz founded another studio in New York City in 1947. Tempo Productions went on to become the earliest and most successful producer of television animated commercials of high artistic merit. In December 1953 at the height of the red scare Red Channels distributed Counterattack, which in December 1953 listed the companies that had used Tempo and urged a boycott of the firm. Abruptly, orders for commercials were withdrawn and all employees had to be laid off. The business was sold and the family traveled to Europe the next spring as David looked for work in Western Europe. Their boat trip to Europe overlapped with the Army-McCarthy hearings, which were to mark the beginning of end of the witch-hunt, if not its substantial political and personal after-effects. After talking to film producers and directors in France and Italy, Hilberman chose work in London for over a year where he set up a TV animated commercial department for Pearl and Dean and directed Man of Action and Calling All Salesmen. The family returned home in late 1955.In New York, he produced and directed Little Blue and Little Yellow, based the book of the same name by Leo Leonni which had an anti discrimination theme. He also directed a fanciful PR film for ESSO, designed by Ronald Searle: Energetically Yours with old Disney & UPA associates Bill Melendez and Art Babbitt doing the animation at their respective companies. Melendez took the simplified modern animation style and use of artist’s individual characters pioneered at UPA to the Peanuts TV series. Back in Los Angeles, at Churchill Films he designed and directed educational films: Quest for Freedom, Ancient New World, Transportation, Land of Immigrants, Hooked and Girl to Woman. He also worked at Hanna-Barbera doing layout for a variety of projects, a connection which began at Disney's and lasted many years. In 1963 David returned to school part-time earning an MA in Theater Arts from UCLA in 1965. He was invited to teach at San Francisco State University in 1967, where he taught animation and helped start the Film department. A number these films are available on YouTube and other internet sites.

After leaving SF State in 1973 he and his wife lived in the SF Bay Area for many years. He made several films on Synanon including The People’s Ranch, What is Synanon? and The Synanon Wedding, worked with Jeff Hale at Imagination, Inc. and designed sets for the Palo Alto Children's Theater. He resumed doing layout work for Hanna-Barbera, which included a six-month stint in Japan coordinating production in East Asia for ''The Smurfs'(TV series)'. His wife Libbie's warmth and caring held the family together through many difficult moves. She died on July 11, 2006, David a year later on July 5, 2007. They are survived by 3 children, 9 grandchildren and 8 great-grandchildren.


Annie Awards, 1992, Winsor McCay Award - For Distinguished Lifetime Achievement to the Art of Animation:

Motion Picture Screen Cartoonists Golden Award for 50 years service to the craft, 1986.

Four CINE Golden Eagle awards

Johan (given name)

Johan is a masculine given name of Hebrew origin. It is a shortened form of the Hebrew name יְהוֹחָנָן (Yəhôḥānān), meaning "God is gracious", and uncommon as a surname. Johan is also a masculine given name of Malay language origin, meaning "Champion".

People with the name Johan include:

Johan I of Sweden, (1201–1222), King of Sweden

Johan II of Sweden, (1455–1513), King of Denmark and king of Sweden during the Kalmar Union

Johan III of Sweden, (1537–1592), King of Sweden

Carl XIV Johan of Sweden, (1763–1844), King of Sweden and king of Norway, first king in the Bernadotte dynasty

Carl Johan Trygg, (1887–1954), Swedish master woodcarver

Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg (1916–2012), youngest child of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden

Johan Alho (1907–1982), Finnish footballer and a football referee

Johan Berisha, Swiss footballer

Johan Bleeker (born 1942), Dutch space scientist

Johan Bouma (born 1940), Dutch soil scientist

Johan Brunell, Finnish footballer

Johan Bruyneel, Belgian cyclist and team manager

Johan Christian Fabricius (1745–1808), Danish zoologist

Johan Cruyff (1947–2016) Dutch football manager and retired player

Ole-Johan Dahl (1931–2002), Norwegian computer scientist

Johan Derksen (born 1949), Dutch sports journalist and former football player

Johan Edlund (born 1971), Swedish musician, leader and vocalist of the band Tiamat

Johan Frandsen, frontman for cult Swedish band, The Knockouts

Johan Galtung (born 1930), Norwegian sociologist

Johan Harmenberg (born 1954), Swedish Olympic champion épée fencer

Johan Håstad (born 1960), Swedish mathematician

Johan Hegg, Vocalist for the melodic death metal band, Amon Amarth

Johan Hjort (1869–1948), Norwegian fisheries biologist, marine zoologist, and oceanographer

Johan Kenkhuis, Dutch swimmer

Johan Kõpp (1874–1970), Estonian Lutheran bishop

Johan Liebert, the antagonist in Naoki Urasawa's manga and anime series Monster

Johan Ludvig Runeberg (1804–1877), Finland-Swedish poet, and is held to be the national poet of Finland

Johan Micoud, French international footballer, notably for Parma, SV Werder Bremen and Girondins de Bordeaux

Johan van Minnen (1932–2016), Dutch journalist and politician

Johan Munters (born 1978), Swedish ski jumper

Johan Museeuw, Belgian cyclist and former world champion

Johan Neeskens, Dutch soccer player

Johan Norberg (born 1973), Swedish writer

Johan Pitka (1872–1944), Estonian military commander

Johan of Plön (died 1359), lord of Denmark east of the Great Belt

Johan Oscar Smith (1871–1943 Horten). Norwegian Christian leader, founder of Brunstad Christian Church

Johan Reinholdz (born 1980), Swedish guitar player in Andromeda, NonExist and Skyfire

Johan Santana, New York Mets pitcher

Johan Staël von Holstein (born 1963), Swedish entrepreneur

Johan Svensson (born 1962), Swedish Air Force officer

Johan Teterisa, Indonesian activist

Johan van der Velde, Dutch cyclist

Johan Vonlanthen, Swiss football player

Johan Wallberg (born 1977), Swedish freestyle swimmer

Johan, a character in the Smurfs TV series

Jonathan Winters

Jonathan Harshman Winters III (November 11, 1925 – April 11, 2013) was an American comedian, actor, author, and artist. Beginning in 1960, Winters recorded many classic comedy albums for the Verve Records label. He also had records released every decade for over 50 years, receiving 11 Grammy nominations, including eight for Best Comedy Album, during his career. From these nominations, he won the Grammy Award for Best Album for Children for his contribution to an adaptation of The Little Prince in 1975 and the Grammy Award for Best Spoken Comedy Album for Crank(y) Calls in 1996.

With a career spanning more than six decades, Winters also appeared in hundreds of television shows and films, including eccentric characters on The Steve Allen Show, The Garry Moore Show, The Wacky World of Jonathan Winters (1972–74), Mork & Mindy, Hee Haw, and It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World. He also voiced Grandpa Smurf on The Smurfs TV series from 1986 to the show's conclusion in 1989. Over twenty years later, Winters was introduced to a new generation through voicing Papa Smurf in The Smurfs (2011) and The Smurfs 2 (2013). Winters died nine days after recording his dialogue for The Smurfs 2; the film was dedicated in his memory.

In 1991, Winters won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series for playing Gunny Davis in the short-lived sitcom Davis Rules. 1999 saw Winters become the 2nd recipient of the prestigious Mark Twain Prize for American Humor. In 2002, he was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series for his performance as Q.T. Marlens on Life with Bonnie. Winters was presented with a Pioneer TV Land Award by Robin Williams in 2008.

Winters also spent time painting and presenting his artwork, including silkscreens and sketches, in many gallery shows. He authored several books, with his book of short stories entitled Winters' Tales (1988) making several bestseller lists.

List of dragons in film and television

This is a list of dragons from film and television. The dragons are organized by either film or television and further by whether the media is animation or live-action. They are sorted alphabetically by name or if there is none, by the name of the media. Further information is the title of the media, the type of dragon, whether it transforms to/from something else, the voice actor if it has one and additional notes. In the type of dragon there may be an indicator with a number followed by "H" this means the dragon has multiple heads.

Pierre DeCelles

Pierre De Celles (born 14 December 1951) is a Canadian animator, best known for directing 1988's Pound Puppies and the Legend of Big Paw. He was also the Supervising Director for the Spiral Zone animated series. In the 1990s, he did Ren Hoek's screaming and cackling in "Big House Blues," the pilot of The Ren and Stimpy Show.

Life and Work

Quoting his own words, Pierre De Celles “... was born early in the morning of December 14, 1951 in Montreal, Canada. My mother was superstitious and did not want me to be born on the 13th, thinking it would bring me bad luck, so she held out until one minute passed midnight to give birth. I never understood that, since her brother (my uncle) was born on the 13th and he was the luckiest man I ever knew!”.

He started to draw at quite an early age and over time, using again his own words “... drawing became my joy".

Uninspired by the stiff school system of his times, like many men and women of his generation, he left school to try to find his own way; Pierre De Celles adolescence is a glaring example of the 1960s counterculture movement and aspirations — including ideals of peace, free love, compassion and human fellowship, harmony with nature, communal living, artistic experimentation, sharing of resources — with its urgency to redefine social life ethos and boundaries.

Pierre De Celles started to learn by himself, practicing while working for a living: he was a newspaper courier, a milkman helper, worked in a pie factory, at 'Ogilvy' department store, etc., until he finally landed with a job in an animation studio.

Pierre De Celles Animation career span over 40 years and several countries (Canada, Taiwan, South Korea, the United States, Japan, China) and he has been involved in projects with Wang’s Production (Taiwan), Warner Brothers Studio (USA), Marvel Production (USA), DIC Entertainment (France then the United States), Atlantic/Kushner-Locke Inc. (USA), Hanna-Barbera Productions Inc. (USA) among others.

He is an appreciated draftsman and painter, in 2004 a main exhibition of his 'Zhong Kui' paintings along with painting of his artist friend Mr. Dong Zhi Yi, was organized by the Shang Hai International Cultural Communication Association and shown in Shang Hai, the opening ceremony hosted by Canadian consulate general Robert B. Mackenzie.

Pierre De Celles most sought-after paintings and drawings include the “Zhong Kui” series, “Red Riding Hood” series, “Don Quixote” series, “U.F.O” series, and “Buddha” series.

Currently Pierre is Co-Founder and Director of Animation at his own boutique studio, Crashdown Studio located in Shanghai, China.

Tasos Kostis

Tasos Kostis (Greek: Τάσος Κωστής; born 14 January 1951) is a Greek actor. He appeared in more than sixty films since 1980. He's also participated in many dubs

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