The Press-Enterprise

The Press-Enterprise is a paid daily newspaper published by Digital First Media that serves the Inland Empire in Southern California. Headquartered in downtown Riverside, California, it is the primary newspaper for Riverside County, with heavy penetration into neighboring San Bernardino County. The geographic circulation area of the newspaper spans from the border of Orange County, California to the west, east to the Coachella Valley, north to the San Bernardino Mountains, and south to the San Diego County line. The Press-Enterprise is a member of the Southern California News Group.[6]

The newspaper traces its roots to The Press, which began publishing in 1878, and The Daily Enterprise, which started publishing in 1885. The two papers were merged into one company in 1931, but the company did not begin publishing a daily morning paper named The Press-Enterprise until 1983. A. H. Belo acquired the company in 1998. In October 2013, A.H. Belo announced that it had reached an agreement to sell The Press-Enterprise's assets to Freedom Communications, parent company of the Orange County Register, for $27 million;[7] after some delays, the transaction closed in late November.[8] Freedom declared bankruptcy in 2016, the Register and the Press-Enterprise were sold in a bankruptcy auction to Digital First Media in March 2016.

The Press-Enterprise's local competitors are the San Bernardino Sun and the Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, along with sharing some of its western circulation areas with the Orange County Register and The Californian (of Temecula) in the southwest area.

The Press-Enterprise / PE.com
The Press-Enterprise front page
The July 27, 2005 front page
of The Press-Enterprise
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Digital First Media
PublisherRon Hasse[1]
EditorFrank Pine
Founded1878
LanguageEnglish
Headquarters1825 Chicago Ave, Suite 100
Riverside, California 92507, United States
Circulation2011
92,697 Daily
114,405 Sunday[2]

2009 Ranked 65 of 100
149,608 Daily
160,016 Sunday[3] 2008 Ranked 63 of 100
164,189 Daily
172,730 Sunday[4]

2007 Ranked 60 of 100
172,593 Daily
178,062 Sunday[5]
Sister newspapersLa Prensa (Spanish-language weekly)
ISSN0746-4258
Websitepe.com

History

The Riverside Press was first published on June 29, 1878 by James Roe, a druggist and teacher.[9] In 1880 Roe sold the newspaper to Luther M. Holt, who, for several years, published the paper under the name the Riverside Press and Horticulturist. In 1886 Holt began issuing the paper daily.[10]

The Riverside Daily Enterprise was first published in 1885 by David F. Sarber, and became a county paper in 1896 when it absorbed the Perris Valley Record and the Moreno Valley Indicator. The paper was published somewhat sporadically through 1911 by various owners, and under various names, including; Riverside Weekly Enterprise, Riverside Semi-weekly Enterprise, Weekly Enterprise, and the Morning Mission. In 1912, The Enterprise was sold to the owners of the San Bernardino Sun.[10]

In 1931 The Press purchased The Enterprise from the San Bernardino Sun. The newly combined company issued The Enterprise in the morning, and The Press in the evenings. In 1954 the Riverside Press changed its company name to the Press-Enterprise Company, and in 1955 the two papers began printing a joint Sunday edition called the Sunday Press-Enterprise. Due to market conditions, the two papers were combined into one morning paper, The Press-Enterprise, in 1983.[10]

The Dallas-based A.H. Belo Corporation purchased The Press-Enterprise Company from the Hays family through multiple acquisitions in 1997 and 1998.[11] Enterprise Media was formed in 2010 and released a B2B website, enterprisemedia.co.

In 2013, The Press-Enterprise was sold to Freedom Communications for $27 million.

On March 21, 2016, The Press-Enterprise and its sister newspaper The Orange County Register were sold to Digital First Media, after Freedom Communications declared bankruptcy and was placed in an auction which included Tribune Publishing. With Digital First Media as its new owner, it now expands to 11 daily newspapers, six in Los Angeles County, three in San Bernardino County, one in Orange County, and one in Riverside County.

Pulitzer Prize

The Press-Enterprise won the 1968 Pulitzer Prize for meritorious public service for its exposé of corruption in the courts in connection with the handling of the property and estates of the Agua Caliente Indian tribe of Palm Springs, California. The series was written by George Ringwald.[12]

Supreme Court cases

The Press-Enterprise Company won two separate United States Supreme Court cases that established the public's right to witness specific aspects of criminal court proceedings.

The first case, won in 1984, was Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court of California. In a case involving the rape and murder of a teenage girl, the Press-Enterprise requested that the voir dire, the process of questioning the jury, be open to the public and press. The request was denied, as well as the request for the subsequent transcripts, and upheld by the California Court of Appeal. The California Supreme Court denied the Press-Enterprise's request for a hearing. The United States Supreme Court decided in favor of the Press-Enterprise, establishing that the public has the right to attend jury selection during criminal trials.[13]

The second case, won in 1986, was Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court of Riverside County, California. The case involved Robert Diaz who was accused of 12 patient murders while acting as a nurse at the Community Hospital of the Valleys in Perris, California. The defendant requested that the public be excluded from the proceedings. The Magistrate granted the unopposed request because of the national attention that the case had garnered. At the end of the hearing the Press-Enterprise requested that the transcripts be released, but the request was denied and the records were sealed. The United States Supreme Court decided that the public has the right to attend pretrial hearings in criminal cases, including preliminary hearings.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Executive team named for So Cal News Group to lead the Orange County Register". 3 April 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  2. ^ "INDUSTRY: Press-Enterprise posts circulation gain" (PDF). The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  3. ^ "2009 Top 100 Daily Newspapers in the U.S. by Circulation" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  4. ^ "2008 Top 100 Daily Newspapers in the U.S. by Circulation" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  5. ^ "2007 Top 100 Daily Newspapers in the U.S. by Circulation" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  6. ^ Hagen, Ryan. "What is Digital First Media and the Southern California News Group who just purchased the Orange County Register?". San Bernardino Sun. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Orange County Register parent Freedom Communications buys Riverside (Calif.) Press-Enterprise from Dallas-based A.H. Belo Corp". Bizbeatblog.dallasnews.com. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  8. ^ Ken Bensinger, "Sale of Riverside Press-Enterprise to Aaron Kushner closes, finally", Los Angeles Times, November 21, 2013.
  9. ^ Patterson, Tom. A Colony For California, Second Edition, 1996. Page 55.
  10. ^ a b c The Press-Enterprise, Press Into The Past, 1878-2007: A Press-Enterprise Timeline, April 20, 2007
  11. ^ Roberts, Gene; Kunkel, Thomas; Layton, Charles, eds. (2001). Leaving Readers Behind: The Age of Corporate Newspapering. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1610752325.
  12. ^ Roy J. Harris (2008). Pulitzer's Gold: Behind the Prize for Public Service Journalism. University of Missouri Press. p. 403. ISBN 978-0-8262-1768-4.
  13. ^ Justia.com; US Supreme Court Center; PRESS-ENTERPRISE CO. V. SUPERIOR CT., 464 U. S. 501 (1984). Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  14. ^ Justia.com; US Supreme Court Center; PRESS-ENTERPRISE CO. V. SUPERIOR CT., 478 U. S. 1 (1986). Retrieved 2009-11-16.

External links

2015 San Bernardino attack

On December 2, 2015, 14 people were killed and 22 others were seriously injured in a terrorist attack consisting of a mass shooting and an attempted bombing at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California. The perpetrators, Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik, a married couple living in the city of Redlands, targeted a San Bernardino County Department of Public Health training event and Christmas party of about 80 employees in a rented banquet room. Farook was a U.S.-born citizen of Pakistani descent, who worked as a health department employee. Malik was a Pakistani-born lawful permanent resident of the United States.

After the shooting, the couple fled in a rented Ford Expedition sport utility vehicle (SUV). Four hours later, police pursued their vehicle and killed them in a shootout, which also left two officers injured.

According to the FBI's investigation, the perpetrators were "homegrown violent extremists" inspired by foreign terrorist groups. They were not directed by such groups and were not part of any terrorist cell or network. FBI investigators have said that Farook and Malik had become radicalized over several years prior to the attack, consuming "poison on the internet" and expressing a commitment to jihadism and martyrdom in private messages to each other. Farook and Malik had traveled to Saudi Arabia in the years before the attack. The couple had amassed a large stockpile of weapons, ammunition, and bomb-making equipment in their home.

Enrique Marquez Jr., a friend and former neighbor of Farook's, was investigated in connection with his purchase of the two rifles used in the attack. Marquez was arrested in December 2015, and later pleaded guilty to federal charges of providing material support for terrorism and making false statements in connection with the acquisition of a firearm. Marquez also admitted that, in 2011, he conspired with Farook to carry out shooting and bombing attacks, plans which were abandoned at the time. Three other people, including Farook's brother and sister-in-law, were arrested for immigration fraud in connection with a sham marriage between Marquez and Mariya Chernykh (the sister-in-law of Farook's brother). All three pleaded guilty.

The attack was the deadliest mass shooting in the U.S. since the 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, and the deadliest terrorist attack to occur in the U.S. since the September 11 attacks.

91/Perris Valley Line

The 91/Perris Valley Line, formerly known as the 91 Line, is a commuter rail line operated by Metrolink that runs from Los Angeles to Perris in Southern California, paralleling State Route 91 between Riverside and Santa Fe Springs. Operating since May 2002, the line runs on the Southern Transcon track owned by BNSF Railway, as well as the Riverside County Transportation Commission-owned San Jacinto Branch Line. Although branded as a single line, not all trains serve the entire length of the line; some trains only travel the outermost stretch, between Downtown Riverside and South Perris; others only travel between Union Station and Downtown Riverside.

Arrow (commuter rail line)

Arrow is a planned commuter rail line in San Bernardino County, California, United States. It is planned to run between the San Bernardino Transit Center in downtown San Bernardino and the University of Redlands in Redlands, California and will be operated by Omnitrans. Service was expected to begin in 2020, but this was pushed back to 2021 based on available funding.In planning, the system was known as Redlands Passenger Rail Project (RPRP or RPR), and underwent several design revisions before arriving at the final blend of rail technologies.

Bogart Fire

The Bogart Fire was a wildfire in the Bogart Park area of Cherry Valley In Riverside County, California. The fire broke out near Winesap Avenue and International Park Road just southwest of Bogart Park on August 30, 2016. By August 31, the fire was estimated at 1,300 acres.

Cabazon, California

Cabazon is a census-designated place (CDP) in Riverside County, California, United States. The population was 2,535 during the 2010 Census. The area is a popular tourist and traveler stop, mainly due to the Morongo Casino & Resorts, and the luxury shopping Desert Hills Premium Outlet.

California Riverside Ballet

California Riverside Ballet is a ballet company formerly headquartered in Riverside, California, United States, in Riverside's historic Aurea Vista Hotel, city landmark number 84. The company was founded in 1969, and operates as a non-profit organization, with support from the city of Riverside, the County of Riverside, the Riverside Arts Council, The Press-Enterprise, and other charitable donations. In addition to staging local ballet performances, the organization is known for its annual fundraiser, called Ghost Walk, that takes place prior to Halloween in Downtown Riverside. Today, the California Riverside Ballet hosts multiple events in downtown Riverside each year including Spirit Walk, the Nutcracker Tea and The Nutcracker.

California Riverside Ballet created The Academy Program in June 2013 to offer affordable and free ballet training to students in low income areas.

Eastvale, California

Eastvale is a city located in northwestern Riverside County, California, the Inland Empire region of Southern California. Its boundaries extend from Hellman Avenue to the west (the San Bernardino County line), California Highway 60 to the north (also the San Bernardino County line), the Santa Ana River and Norco to the south, and Interstate 15 to the east. The population was 53,668 at the 2010 census.

Hospitality Lane District, San Bernardino, California

The Hospitality Lane District is a business district in San Bernardino, California, located 2–3 miles southeast of the city's downtown area along the street of the same name. It is adjacent to an exit on Interstate 10, and is only a few miles away from San Bernardino International Airport. The district primarily includes retail establishments, dining, and many of the city's hotels; it has been described as a "center of shopping and restaurant activity" in the San Bernardino Valley with the Inland Empire's "finest hotels, restaurants and office buildings". In addition, the area has attracted office development. Hospitality Lane is one of the most prosperous and developed areas in San Bernardino, a city which is otherwise economically troubled. However, the district has experienced increased crime as a result of its development, particularly due to its nightclubs. The district was built in a depressed area of San Bernardino after the city's Redevelopment Agency cleared the land and sold it to developers. In 2006, the last vacant property in Hospitality Lane was sold; at the time, the district had 16 restaurants. In 2011, the city proposed a center-lane exclusive high-speed bus line known as sbX in the Hospitality Lane area and is under construction as of 2013 with an expected launch date of January 2014. In 2008, the district experienced a small downturn as several businesses in the area closed; local economists stated that the downturn may have been caused by the economic recession.

KCAL-FM

KCAL-FM (96.7 FM) is a commercial radio station that is licensed to Redlands, California and broadcasts to the Inland Empire (Riverside-San Bernardino) area. The station is owned by Anaheim Broadcasting and airs an active rock format. The KCAL-FM studios are located in Redlands and the transmitter site is near Lake Arrowhead in the San Bernardino Mountains.

Ken Calvert

Kenneth Stanton Calvert (born June 8, 1953) is the U.S. Representative for California's 42nd congressional district, and previously the 44th and 43rd, serving since 1993. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district is part of the Inland Empire of Southern California.

Kendrick Moxon

Kendrick Lichty Moxon is an American Scientology official and an attorney with the law firm Moxon & Kobrin. He practices in Los Angeles, California, and is a lead counsel for the Church of Scientology. Moxon received a B.A. from American University in 1972, and a J.D. degree from George Mason University in 1981. He was admitted to the Washington, D.C. bar association in 1984, and the State Bar of California in 1987. Moxon's early work for the Church of Scientology involved legal affairs, and he also held the title of "reverend". He worked out of the Scientology intelligence agency known as the Guardian's Office (GO), and was named as an unindicted co-conspirator after the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into criminal activities by Scientology operatives called "Operation Snow White". An evidence stipulation in the case signed by both parties stated he had provided false handwriting samples to the FBI; Moxon has since said that he did not "knowingly supply" false handwriting samples.The bulk of Moxon's legal work is Scientology-related. He has served as Commissioner of the Scientology-affiliated organization Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR). He represented the Church of Scientology in 1988 in a billion-dollar class action lawsuit against the organization by former Scientologists which was dismissed in Los Angeles Superior Court. In 1990 Moxon represented the organization in a suit against the Internal Revenue Service in an attempt to gain access to information about Scientology held by the IRS. He assisted 50 Scientologists in filing separate lawsuits against the organization Cult Awareness Network (CAN), which led to the bankruptcy of the organization. He represented the plaintiff in the Jason Scott case against CAN and cult deprogrammer Rick Ross.

A Scientology publication said Moxon had used church doctrine in bringing down CAN. Its assets were bought in bankruptcy court by a Scientologist and legal associate of Moxon's. Moxon said he was proud of what he had done, referring to the old CAN organization as a "hate group". Moxon represented the manager of the Scientology facility Golden Era Productions in a filing against Keith Henson, a critic of Scientology. Moxon filed an affidavit in 2000 in the case involving the criminal prosecution of the Church of Scientology in the death of Scientologist Lisa McPherson, and defended her treatment by Scientology staffers as part of a religious practice.

List of Metrolink (California) stations

Metrolink is the commuter rail system serving Los Angeles, California, United States and the greater Los Angeles area of Southern California. The system is governed by the Southern California Regional Rail Authority and operated under contract by Amtrak, serving five counties in the region—Orange, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Ventura—as well as Oceanside in San Diego County. The system stops at 62 stations along seven lines, with a total route length of 534 miles (859 km).

Manzanita Fire

The Manzanita Fire was a wildfire that burned south of the towns of Beaumont and Banning near Highway 79 in Riverside County, California during June 2017. The fire had consumed some 6,309 acres (2,553 ha) and was burning eastward towards the community of Poppet Flats and Highway 243. Fanned by Red Flag conditions, the Manzanita fire ignited from a traffic collision that grew to over 1,200 acres (490 ha) within several hours of burning. The communities of Poppet Flats, Silent Valley and Highland Springs were threatened for a time but no structural damage occurred during this incident. The fire was fully contained on Friday, June 30.

Ontario Fury

The Ontario Fury is an American professional indoor soccer team based in Ontario, California. Founded in 2013, the team made its debut in the Professional Arena Soccer League at the start of the 2013–14 season. The team plays its home games at the Citizens Business Bank Arena under the leadership of general manager, head coach, and sometime-player Bernie Lilavois. As of May 2014, the league is known as the Major Arena Soccer League.

Orange County Register

The Orange County Register is a paid daily newspaper published in California. The Register, published in Anaheim, is owned by Digital First Media. Freedom Communications owned the newspaper from 1935 to 2016.

Press Enterprise (Pennsylvania)

The Press Enterprise is a daily newspaper published in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, United States. It is owned by the parent company Press Enterprise Inc. and run by the Eyerly family. The newspaper serves a wide area including Columbia County and Montour County, along with sections of Northumberland and Luzerne counties. This includes the municipalities of Bloomsburg, Danville, Berwick, Benton, Millville, Catawissa and Elysburg. Its editor is Jim Sachetti. His second in command is Managing Editor Peter Kendron.

News writers include Senior Reporter Leon Bogdan, and junior staffers Michael Lester, Susan Schwartz, Gary Pang and Julye Wemple, as well as part-time staff. Photographers include Keith Haupt and Jimmy May, along with a stable of part-timers.

One popular feature of the paper is its "30 Seconds" section, which allows readers to call or e-mail short, anonymous messages to the paper. The messages are usually printed within a few days, sometimes with comments by the editor.

Scientology and abortion

The intersection of Scientology and abortion has a controversial history which began with Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard's discussion of abortion in his 1950 book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. Hubbard wrote in Dianetics that abortion and attempts at abortion could cause trauma to the fetus and to the mother in both spiritual and physical ways. Scientologists came to believe that attempted abortions could cause traumatic experiences felt by the fetus, which would later be remembered as memories referred to in Scientology as "engrams". In the Scientology technique called Auditing, Scientologists are frequently queried regarding their sexual feelings and behaviors. These questions about Scientologists' sexual behavior are often posed to members during "security checks", a specific form of auditing sessions where individuals are required to document their divergence from the organization's ethics. One of the questions asked in these security checks is, "Have you ever been involved in an abortion?".

A female former member of Scientology's elite organization called the Sea Org discussed the views of Scientology with regard to abortion with sociologist Stephen A. Kent. She told Kent that while the Sea Org operated at sea during the mid-1970s, women understood that they were not to have children. She stated to Kent that women on the ships were pressured into having abortions. In 1994, former Scientologist and Sea Org member Mary Tabayoyon filed a legal declaration in which she said that while at Scientology's base in Hemet, California members of the Sea Org were instructed not to have children, and were coerced to have abortions. In 1999, former Scientologist Jesse Prince told The Press-Enterprise that after his wife Monika became pregnant while both were working at the Scientology complex Golden Era Productions in Gilman Hot Springs, California, she was ordered to have an abortion in order for the couple to remain in the Sea Org. Scientology representatives at the time asserted that Prince's wife chose of her own volition to have an abortion, and was not forced to do so.

In 2001, former Scientologist Astra Woodcraft told the San Francisco Chronicle that if a woman gets pregnant while in the Sea Org, she will either be sent to a lower-level organization of Scientology, or be pressured to have an abortion. In April 2008, Woodcraft appeared along with Scientology leader David Miscavige's niece Jenna Miscavige Hill on the ABC News program Nightline, and both asserted that Sea Org members who become pregnant are told to either leave or get an abortion. Claire Headley was an employee at Scientology's facility Golden Era Productions from 1991 to 2005 and a Scientologist and Sea Org member. In 2009, she filed a lawsuit against Golden Era Productions in which she asserted she was forced to undergo two abortions in order to keep her position with her employer. Scientology representative Tommy Davis described her lawsuit as "utterly meritless", and said that Scientologists who sign up for the Sea Org know that they are "becoming a part of a highly dedicated, highly disciplined, very regulated lifestyle as part of a religious order". Laura Ann DeCrescenzo filed a lawsuit in 2009 against Scientology, in which she asserted that she was forced to have an abortion at age 17.

In commentary on Scientology and practices in the Sea Org, new religious movements scholar J. Gordon Melton told the San Francisco Chronicle that members of the Sea Org are discouraged from having children. Melton wrote in a contribution in the book New Religious Movements and Religious Liberty in America that he had yet to see documents confirming whether Scientology had a policy demanding that pregnant members of the Sea Org get an abortion. In an article for the Marburg Journal of Religion, sociologist Stephen A. Kent wrote that "researchers should not be surprised to learn of pressures that Sea Org women felt to either abort pregnancies or give-up children for adoption". Kent commented, "Sea Org obligations override many personal and family obligations and responsibilities, and devotion to the Scientology cause often appears to take priority over the needs of children."

The San Bernardino Sun

The San Bernardino Sun is a paid daily newspaper in San Bernardino County, along with a heavy penetration into neighboring Riverside County. The Sun serves most of the Inland Empire in Southern California. The geographic circulation area of the newspaper spans from the border of Los Angeles/Orange Counties to the west, east to Yucaipa, north to the San Bernardino Mountain range and south to the Riverside County line. The SB Sun's local competitors are The Press-Enterprise in Riverside. It publishes the annual PrepXtra high school football magazine with capsules and schedules for all schools located in the Pomona Valley and San Bernardino County

The San Bernardino Sun was first printed in 1894. Times Mirror, the owner of the Los Angeles Times, bought the paper in 1964, but was ordered to sell it due to antitrust concerns. Gannett purchased the paper in 1968. MediaNews Group took control of the paper from Gannett in 1999. This made the Sun sister newspaper to the Times' rival, the Los Angeles Daily News. The San Bernardino Sun is a member of the Southern California News Group.

UCR/California Museum of Photography

The UCR/California Museum of Photography (CMP) is an off-campus institution and department of the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences at University of California, Riverside, California, USA. The collections of UCR/CMP form the largest, most comprehensive holding of any photographic collection in the Western half of the United States. The growing UCR/CMP collections encompass every aspect of photographic arts, history, and technology.The CMP is located in UCR ARTS, in Downtown Riverside, specifically at 3824 Main Street.

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