The Plain Dealer

The Plain Dealer is the major daily newspaper of Cleveland, Ohio, United States. It has the largest circulation of any Ohio newspaper and was a top 20 newspaper for Sunday circulation in the United States as of March 2013.[1]

As of December 2015, The Plain Dealer had more than 250,000 daily readers and 790,000 readers on Sunday.[2] The Plain Dealer's media market, the Cleveland-Akron DMA (Designated Market Area), is one of the Top 20 markets in the United States. With a population of 3.8 million people, it is the fourth-largest market in the Midwest, and Ohio's largest media market.[3]

In April 2013 The Plain Dealer announced it would reduce home delivery to four days a week, including Sunday.[4] This went into effect on August 5, 2013. A daily version of The Plain Dealer is available electronically as well as in print at stores, newsracks and newsstands.

The Plain Dealer
The Plain Dealer (2007-08-08)
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Advance Publications
(Newhouse Newspapers)
HeadquartersPlain Dealer Publishing Co
4800 Tiedeman Road
Brooklyn, Ohio 44144
Circulation258,356 daily and 792,233 Sunday

History and ownership

Cleveland Plain Dealer 8-07-1945
Front page of the Cleveland Plain Dealer dated August 7, 1945 featuring the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan.

The newspaper was established in 1842, less than 50 years after Moses Cleaveland landed on the banks of the Cuyahoga River in The Flats, and is currently owned by Advance Publications (Newhouse Newspapers).[5] The Plain Dealer Publishing Company is under the direction of George Rodrigue (president). The paper employs over 700 people.

The newspaper was sold on March 1, 1967, to S.I. Newhouse's newspaper chain, and has been under the control of the Newhouse family ever since.[6] The paper was previously held by the trusts of the Holden estate, and operated as The Plain Dealer Publishing Company, part of the Forest City Publishing Company, which also published the Cleveland News until its purchase and subsequent closing by its major competitor, the Cleveland Press, owned by the E.W. Scripps Company, in 1960.[7]

On December 18, 2005, The Plain Dealer ceased publication of its weekly Sunday Magazine, which had been published uninterrupted for over 85 years.[8] The demise of the paper's Sunday Magazine was attributed to the high cost of newsprint and declining revenue, and the PD reassigned the editors, designers and reporters to other areas of the newspaper. It also assured readers that the stories that would formerly have appeared in the Sunday Magazine would be integrated into other areas of the paper.

On the morning of Wednesday, July 31, 2013, nearly a third of the newsroom staff was eliminated through layoffs and voluntary resignations. The Plain Dealer's corporate owner, New York-based Advance Publications Inc., a private company run by the heirs of S.I. Newhouse, under a strategy to focus more on online news delivery, had been cutting staff and publication schedules. Previously, in December 2012, under an agreement with the Newspaper Guild, nearly two dozen union newsroom staff voluntarily accepted severance packages.[9] The July round of layoffs led to accusations by the Guild that management had misled the union by cutting more employees than had been agreed upon.[10]

On August 5, 2013, the Northeast Ohio Media Group launched and The Plain Dealer Publishing Company was formed. Northeast Ohio Media Group operates and Sun Newspapers (also known as the Sun News suburban papers) and is responsible for all multimedia ad sales and marketing for The Plain Dealer, Sun News and It also provides content to The Plain Dealer, and Sun News. The Plain Dealer Publishing Company provides content and publishes in print seven days a week. The company also provides production, distribution, finance, information technology, accounting and other support services for the Plain Dealer Publishing Co. and Northeast Ohio Media Group.

Awards and honors

Pricing, distribution, circulation

The daily paper costs $1.50 and the Sunday/Thanksgiving Day edition is $2.25 at newsstands/newsracks. The full subscription weekly price is $4.65. These prices only apply to The Plain Dealer's home delivery area, which are the Northeast Ohio counties of Cuyahoga, Lake, Geauga, Portage, Erie, Ottawa, Summit, Ashtabula, Medina and Lorain. The Plain Dealer is available all over the state at select newsstands, including in the state capital, Columbus, and anywhere in the US or world via US mail service, in which prices are higher. The newspaper reported daily readership of 543,110 and Sunday readership of 858,376 as of October, 2013.[2]

Effective August 5, 2013, home delivery was reduced to four days a week; a "premium" (full) edition on Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday, and a bonus version on Saturday.[22] Subscribers to the three premium editions have access to a digital version seven days a week, which is an exact replica of the morning's paper.[23] A print edition is still available daily at stores, newsracks and newsstands.[23]


The Plain Dealer formerly operated a variety of news bureaus. By the middle of 2014, both the state capital bureau in Columbus and the Washington bureau were shifted to the Northeast Ohio Media Group, as shown by the affiliations of their bureau chiefs. [24][25]

Major sections

The Plain Dealer is organized into several major sections, depending on the day of the week. The Sunday edition is, as with any major U.S. daily newspaper, the largest edition of the week. The current organization took effect August 5, 2013.

Major sections printed in most editions include:

All editions

Local, state, national, and international news, editorial/op-ed page, and weather
Local and national business news, stocks, bonds.
Cleveland and national sports news and commentary. The sports section focuses its beat reporters on the Browns, Cavaliers, Indians, Cleveland State Vikings men's basketball, Mid-American Conference football and basketball and Ohio State Buckeyes football and men's basketball.
Includes comics (printed in full color), TV listings, and the Dear Abby advice column.
Home, auto, jobs, other classified advertising.

Weekly features

NYC Health Commissioner's Candy Article 10-8-1922
On October 8, 1922, The Plain Dealer, published an article written by Royal S. Copeland telling Clevelanders to "Eat Candy as a Part of Your Daily Meal and Enjoy the Best of Health."
Friday! Magazine 
Weekend magazine featuring movie reviews, event calendars, restaurant reviews and other cultural/nightlife pieces. (Friday)
Articles and stories about the latest trends in food, locally and nationally (Wednesday)
North Coast 
detailing local trends and community stories. (Sunday)
expanded arts section. (Sunday)
expanded business section. (Sunday)
Buckeyes Extra 
expanded Ohio State football coverage. (Sunday)
Browns Extra 
expanded Browns coverage (Monday)
expanded editorial and opinion section. (Sunday)

Discontinued sections

The Plain Dealer Sunday Magazine
discontinued as of December 18, 2005
discontinued and merged into Style & Taste as of July 1, 2008[26]
a section devoted to younger readers that was discontinued in 2008.


The Plain Dealer employs a modern styling of a daily newspaper, but has undergone dramatic stylistic changes in the past few years to update the print edition's look. Weekday and Sunday editions regularly feature front pages with content boxes on the upper part of the page detailing news inside. The physical width of the paper has been reduced in recent years as well, a trend throughout the newspaper industry.

Criticism and controversies

Political leanings

The Plain Dealer has been criticized by liberal columnists for staking out generally conservative positions on its editorial page, despite serving a predominantly Democratic readership base. In 2004, the editorial board voted to endorse John Kerry; after publisher Alex Machaskee overruled it, ordering the board to write an endorsement of George W. Bush, editorial page editor Brent Larkin managed to talk Machaskee into withholding an endorsement.[27] The news coverage is generally more neutral, with national and international news often culled from wire services, including the New York Times.

The paper had also been accused of being too soft on Sen. George Voinovich, and in the 2004 election cycle for the U.S. Senate, not providing fair coverage, if any, to Voinovich's opponent, State Sen. Eric Fingerhut, a Democrat.[28]

Publishing concealed weapons permit holder lists

In 2005, the newspaper twice published lists of concealed weapon permit holders from the 5 counties around Cleveland. Editor Doug Clifton defended the paper's decision, sparking a feud with a pro-carry lobbyist group. State Senator Steve Austria called it abuse of the media access privilege, saying publishing these names would threaten the safety of the men and women who obtain these permits. An Ohio gun rights group then published Clifton's home address and phone number.[29]

"Held stories" controversy

The Plain Dealer made national headlines in the summer of 2005, when editor Douglas Clifton announced that the newspaper was withholding two stories "of profound importance" after Judith Miller of The New York Times and Matthew Cooper of Time Magazine were ordered to reveal confidential sources who had provided information on Joseph Wilson's wife being a CIA operative. The decision to compel the reporters to reveal sources was seen in the news media as a license to go after reporters and newspapers in the courtroom for not revealing confidential informants and a violation of the trust between reporter and said informants. Clifton was vilified in the news media as "having no backbone" and he himself even admitted that people could refer to him as "chickenshit." Clifton told the national press that while he and the reporters involved in the story were willing to be jailed for not revealing sources, the legal department of the Plain Dealer Publishing Company was worried that the newspaper itself would be sued and strongly opposed the printing of the stories. "Talking isn't an option and jail is too high a price to pay", Clifton said.[30]

The controversy ended when the Cleveland Scene, an alternative weekly Cleveland newspaper, published a similar story, thus allowing The Plain Dealer to print the withheld story. The story turned out to be on former Mayor Michael R. White's federal corruption probe, which was leaked to the press by an attorney on the case. The second withheld story has yet to be revealed.[31]

Music critic sidelined

On September 17, 2008, The Plain Dealer's music critic of 16 years, Donald Rosenberg, was told by the paper's editor, Susan Goldberg, that he would no longer be covering performances of the Cleveland Orchestra. Rosenberg had been critical of orchestral performances under its conductor Franz Welser-Möst, although his reviews of Welser-Möst as a conductor of operas had been positive. Terrance C. Z. Egger, president and publisher of the paper, is also on the orchestra's board.[32]

Welser-Möst is no stranger to robust criticism; during his tenure at the London Philharmonic Orchestra London critics gave him the nickname "Frankly Worse than Most".[33] In December 2008, Rosenberg sued Cleveland's Musical Arts Association, the newspaper and several members of their staffs, alleging a conspiracy to have him demoted.[34] Rosenberg dropped a number of claims against the paper in 2009,[35] and in August, 2009, a jury rejected the remaining claims.[36]

Shirley Strickland Saffold

In March 2010, the Plain Dealer reported that approximately 80 comments had been posted to articles on its web site by an account registered to the email address of Shirley Strickland Saffold, a judge sitting on the Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas.[37] Several of the comments, posted under the pseudonym lawmiss, discussed matters that were or had been before the judge.[37] Although the judge's 23-year-old daughter Sydney Saffold took responsibility for the postings, the paper was able to use a public records request and determine that the exact times and dates of some of the postings corresponded to the times that the corresponding articles were being viewed on the judge's court-issued computer.[37] The revelation led one attorney, who had been criticized in the postings, to request the judge recuse herself from a homicide trial in which he represented the defendant.[38] Ohio Supreme Court Acting Chief Justice Paul E. Pfeifer subsequently removed Saffold from the case.[39]

In April, the judge sued the paper, its editor Susan Goldberg, and affiliated companies for $50 million, claiming violation of its privacy policy.[38] In December 2010, Saffold dropped the suit against the newspaper, and reached settlement with Advance Internet, the Plain Dealer affiliate that ran the newspaper's website.[40] The terms of the settlement were undisclosed, but included a charitable contribution in the name of Saffold's mother.[40]

Removal of debate video

In October 2014, the Northeast Ohio Media Group hosted the three Ohio candidates for governor in what would be their only joint appearance. The debate was held before the NEOMG's editorial board (which also serves as the editorial board of The Plain Dealer) and NEOMG reporters. Incumbent Gov. John Kasich, a Republican, showed up at the debate without a tie and largely ignored his main rival, Democrat Ed FitzGerald. Kasich went so far as to refuse to admit he could hear the questions of FitzGerald, who was sitting next to him, and instead insisted that a reporter repeat them.[41]

During the debate, a video camera was positioned eight feet in front of the candidates. The resulting video was posted on A few days later, however, it was removed.[42] When other sites posted copies of the now-deleted video, the NEOMG sent letters threatening legal action.[43] The NEOMG's actions drew coverage from other media organizations[44][45] and criticism from media observers, particularly because Chris Quinn, the NEOMG vice president who sent the letters, declined all requests for comment.[46][47]

At 7 a.m. on the day after the election, which Kasich—endorsed by the NEOMG—won easily, the news organization posted online an explanation of events written by its reader representative. The column cited this as Quinn's explanation: Shortly after the video was posted, the Kasich campaign contacted him and said it had not been aware a video would be posted online. Quinn eventually decided that his failure to explicitly explain the presence of a video camera was unfair. Further, "I thought that if I stated my reasons, the obvious next step would be people going to the candidates and asking them if they had any objection to putting the video back up," Quinn is quoted as saying. "That would mean my error could put people into an uncomfortable situation."[48] The explanation left at least some critics unsatisfied.[49][50]

The Plain Dealer is the major news contributor to, the regional news, event and communication portal run by Advance Digital via Northeast Ohio Media Group. The paper does not operate its own editorial website. Northeast Ohio Media Group runs a separate website for the business side of the newspaper, including advertising. also features news from the Sun Newspapers, which are a group of smaller, weekly, more suburban-oriented newspapers in the Greater Cleveland metro area also owned by Advance Publications.

The quality of the site (as well as other Advance Internet sites) has been criticized by the staff, newsroom staff and locals.[51]

Politifact Ohio

In July 2010, The Plain Dealer launched Politifact Ohio, a website that analyzes issues relevant to Ohio and the greater Cleveland area. The feature was produced in conjunction with its creator, the Tampa Bay Times. Four years later, the relationship was ended. Although the operation had generated criticism, the decision to drop it was attributed instead to a desire to keep all content on rather than the separate PolitiFact Ohio site, which remains available as an archive.[52]


  1. ^ Top 25 U.S. Newspapers for March 2013 Archived June 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b The Plain Dealer |Northeast Ohio Media Group Archived September 11, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Cleveland DMA |Northeast Ohio Media Group
  4. ^ Northeast Ohio Media Group to launch in summer: Press Release |
  5. ^ Columbia Journalism Review (2005). [1] Who Owns What. Retrieved June 5, 2006.
  6. ^ Cleveland: Confused City on a See-saw (Electronic Edition). [2] Philip W. Porter, 1976. Pages 234–235.
  7. ^ Cleveland: Confused City on a See-saw (Electronic Edition). [3] Philip W. Porter, 1976. Page 10.
  8. ^ "The Plain Dealer kills off Sunday Magazine", Editor and Publisher, December 2005.
  9. ^ Robert L. Smith (December 11, 2012). "Newspaper Guild endorses labor agreement with The Plain Dealer". Archived from the original on January 15, 2013.
  10. ^ Robert L. Smith (July 31, 2013). "The Plain Dealer executes newsroom layoffs as era of daily delivery nears end".
  11. ^ "Missouri Lifestyle Journalism Awards: 2006 Winners and Finalists". University of Missouri. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  12. ^ The Pulitzer Prizes (2005) [4]. Retrieved June 5, 2006.
  13. ^ "It's Time To Do What Feels Right", Connie Schultz, February 16, 2006. [5] Archived May 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June 5, 2006.
  14. ^ Connie Schultz Devotes First Post-Sabbatical Column to Her Father
  15. ^ Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Connie Schultz resigns from The Plain Dealer
  16. ^ "Plain Dealer photo staff named best in Ohio 11th straight year". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  17. ^ Ewinger, James. "The Plain Dealer's Gus Chan named Ohio news photographer of the year; staff named best in state". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  18. ^ "PD AP awards" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-04-30.
  19. ^ "PD AP awards" (PDF). Associated Press. Retrieved 2014-04-30.
  20. ^ "PD AP awards" (PDF). Associated Press. Retrieved 2014-04-30.
  21. ^ APSOContestWinners
  22. ^ Dear Readers: Information about The Plain Dealer's delivery schedule |
  23. ^ a b "Dear Readers: Information about The Plain Dealer's delivery schedule". The Plain Dealer. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  24. ^ "Profile page, Washington bureau chief Stephen Koff". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  25. ^ "Profile page, Columbus bureau chief Robert Higgs". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  26. ^ "PD Changes" (PDF). Cleveland Plain Dealer. June 29, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-12.
  27. ^ The power of a publisher.
  28. ^ Cool Cleveland on PD and Voinovich.
  29. ^ Ohio for Concealed Carry
  30. ^ "WHO HAS YOUR BACK? Journalism in the Corporate Age", Columbia Journalism Review, September 2005.
  31. ^ "Keeping reporters' notes out of court", The American Editor, August 2005 – October 2005, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION. Pam Luecke, Author.
  32. ^ Wakin, Daniel J. (September 25, 2008). "Music Critic vs. Maestro: One Loses His Beat". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
  33. ^ Lebrecht, Norman (February 12, 2004). "Franz Welser-Möst – The conductor they loved to hate". La Scena Musicale. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
  34. ^ Cleveland Orchestra Scandal: Update, The New Yorker blog, December 12, 2008
  35. ^ "Plain Dealer reporter drops all but one claim against paper". The Plain Dealer. 28 January 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
  36. ^ Wakin, Daniel J. (6 August 2010). "Cleveland Critic Loses in Suit Over Job Change". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
  37. ^ a b c McCarty, James F. (March 27, 2010). "Anonymous online comments are linked to the personal e-mail account of Cuyahoga County Common Pleas Judge Shirley Strickland Saffold". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
  38. ^ a b Atassi, Leila (April 8, 2010). "Cuyahoga County Judge Shirley Strickland Saffold files $50 million lawsuit against The Plain Dealer and others". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
  39. ^ Farkas, Karen (April 22, 2010). "Judge Shirley Strickland Saffold is removed from the Anthony Sowell murder trial". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
  40. ^ a b "Saffolds dismiss lawsuit against Plain Dealer, settle with Advance Internet". The Plain Dealer. December 31, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
  41. ^ Gomez, Henry. "Gov. John Kasich ignores Ed FitzGerald in their only meeting of election season: 5 observations". Northeast Ohio Media Group. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  42. ^ Mismas, Joseph. "PD Pulls Video Of Kasich Refusing To Answer Editorial Board Questions". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  43. ^ Cushing, Tim. "Cleveland Plain Dealer Owner Demands Takedown Of Unflattering Video Featuring Candidate It Endorsed In Governor's Race". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  44. ^ Jackson, Tom. "PD silent on debate video". Sandusky Register. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  45. ^ Castele, Nick. "The Only Video of Kasich and FitzGerald Debating Isn't Online Anymore. What Happened?". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  46. ^ Rosen, Jay. "Chris Quinn, vice president for content at the Northeast Ohio Media Group… What's up?". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  47. ^ Marx, Greg. "News executives need to explain why video of an Ohio campaign interview disappeared". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  48. ^ Diadiun, Ted. "Here's why Chris Quinn took down the interview video of John Kasich, Ed FitzGerald and Anita Rios: Ted Diadiun". Northeast Ohio Media Group. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  49. ^ Zimon, Jill Miller. "NEOMG Finally Publishes Its Explanation, Apology For Chris Quinn's Video Removal Decision". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  50. ^ Allard, Sam. "Finally, Poorly, the NEOMG Explains the Kasich Video Debacle and Chris Quinn's "Error in Judgement"". Cleveland Scene. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  51. ^ "The New Dealer", Cleveland Magazine, Jan 2006
  52. ^ "The Plain Dealer drops PolitiFact, but keeps on factchecking". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 7 November 2014.

Further reading

  • Tidyman, John (2009). Gimme Rewrite, Sweetheart: Tales From the Last Glory Days of Cleveland Newspapers. Cleveland, OH: Gray & Company, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59851-016-4
  • Archer H. Shaw: The Plain Dealer. One Hundred Years in Cleveland. Publisher: Alfred A. Knopf, New York 1942 - Internet Archive - online

External links

Coordinates: 41°30′25.5″N 81°40′47.2″W / 41.507083°N 81.679778°W

2014 Ohio gubernatorial election

The 2014 Ohio gubernatorial election took place on November 4, 2014. Incumbent Republican Governor John Kasich won reelection to a second term in office by a landslide over Democratic candidate Ed FitzGerald and Green Party candidate Anita Rios. Primary elections were held on May 6, 2014.

2017 Cleveland mayoral election

The 2017 Cleveland mayoral election took place on November 7, 2017, to elect the Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. The election was officially nonpartisan, with the top two candidates from the September 12 primary election advancing to the general election, regardless of party. Incumbent Democratic Mayor Frank G. Jackson won reelection to a fourth term.

2018 Ohio gubernatorial election

The 2018 Ohio gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the next governor of Ohio, concurrently with the election of Ohio's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various Ohio and local elections. Incumbent Republican Governor John Kasich was term-limited and could not seek reelection to a third consecutive term.

The Republicans nominated Ohio Attorney General and former U.S. Senator Mike DeWine and the Democratic nominee was former Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Director and former Ohio Attorney General Richard Cordray. This was the second face off for DeWine and Cordray, following the 2010 election for attorney general where DeWine won by 47.5% to 46.3%. Once again, DeWine defeated Cordray 50.4% to 46.7%.

DeWine took office as the 70th Governor of Ohio on January 14, 2019, as well as Jon Husted’s being sworn in as the 66th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio.

Ariel Castro kidnappings

The Ariel Castro kidnappings took place between 2002 and 2004 when three young women — Michelle Knight, Amanda Berry, and Georgina "Gina" DeJesus — were kidnapped by Ariel Castro and held captive in his home in the Tremont neighborhood of Cleveland, in the U.S. state of Ohio. They were subsequently imprisoned until May 6, 2013, when Berry escaped with her then-six-year-old daughter and contacted the police. Knight and DeJesus were rescued by responding officers and Castro was arrested within hours.

On May 8, 2013, Castro was charged with four counts of kidnapping and three counts of rape. Castro pleaded guilty to 937 criminal counts of rape, kidnapping, and aggravated murder as part of a plea bargain. He was sentenced to life plus 1,000 years in prison without the possibility of parole. One month into his sentence, Castro committed suicide by hanging himself with bed sheets in his prison cell.

Beachwood Place

Beachwood Place is a shopping mall located in Beachwood, Ohio, an affluent Greater Cleveland suburb roughly 10 miles from downtown Cleveland. It is accessible from I-271 and within close proximity to I-480.

It is anchored by Dillard's (247,000 square feet (22,900 m2)), Nordstrom (215,000 square feet (20,000 m2)), Zara and Saks Fifth Avenue (117,000 square feet (10,900 m2)). Other notable stores include Lacoste, Louis Vuitton within Saks, Swarovski, Chanel within Saks, L'Occitane en Provence, Coach, Aldo Group, Madewell by J.Crew, Tumi, The Art of Shaving, Hanna Andersson, Crabtree & Evelyn, True Religion, Bebe Stores, BCBGMAXAZRIA, Brighton Collectibles, Vera Bradley, Lush, Abercrombie & Fitch, Athleta, Sperry Top-Sider, J. Crew, Papyrus, Lego, Chico's, The Buckle, Guess, Pottery Barn, Lucky Brand Jeans, Sephora, a Microsoft Store, Kate Spade New York, and See's Candies.

Brian Windhorst

Brian Windhorst (born January 29, 1978) is an American sportswriter for who covers the National Basketball Association (NBA). Nicknamed "Windy", he was the Cleveland Cavaliers beat writer for the Akron Beacon Journal from 2003 through the summer of 2008, and began to work for Cleveland newspaper The Plain Dealer in October 2008. He moved to ESPN in 2010 after LeBron James left the Cleveland Cavaliers for the Miami Heat.

Windhorst attended high school in Akron, Ohio at St. Vincent–St. Mary High School, the same school that James would later attend, and graduated from Kent State University with a degree in journalism in 2000. Windhorst began covering James during his high school playing career, and began covering the Cavaliers in 2003, the year that James was drafted. While James was the youngest player in the NBA, Windhorst was the youngest traveling NBA beat writer. In 2007, he co-wrote The Franchise: LeBron James and the Remaking of the Cleveland Cavaliers with sports columnist Terry Pluto. His writing at The Plain Dealer was honored by the United States Basketball Writers Association for Best Game Story in 2009, and by the Associated Press.

In 2010, Windhorst left the Plain Dealer for ESPN to cover James' new team, the Miami Heat. Prior to leaving The Plain Dealer, he contributed columns to and made appearances on ESPN First Take. In an interview, Windhorst stated that "obviously LeBron's a huge factor" in his decision to join ESPN, but that the Cavaliers "need to move on" without James.On October 10, 2014, it was announced that Windhorst would join ESPN Cleveland on WKNR AM 850 in Cleveland to be their Cavaliers beat reporter and analyst, as well as host his own weekly program on sister station WWGK AM 1540. The move followed James' re-signing with the Cavaliers in 2014.

Hal Lebovitz

Hal Lebovitz (September 11, 1916 – October 18, 2005) was a sportswriter and columnist. He was a fixture on Cleveland, Ohio's sports scene for more than six decades. In 2000, he was inducted into the writer's wing of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.Born in Cleveland, he graduated from Glenville High School in 1934 and went on to Western Reserve University where he received a degree in chemistry. He had always wanted to be a journalist, and he became the sports editor of the school newspaper.He got his first job covering high school sports for the Cleveland News in 1942 and soon became a beat writer covering the Cleveland Browns and the Cleveland Indians. He was hired by The Plain Dealer in 1960 and was the paper's sports editor from 1964 to 1982. His writing continued to appear regularly in The News-Herald and The Morning Journal (Lorain, Ohio) until his death in 2005 at the age of 89.

He also coached baseball, basketball, and football and officiated all three sports, including a stint as a referee traveling with the Harlem Globetrotters. He was famous for his great knowledge of sports rules and wrote a popular newspaper column, "Ask Hal the Referee" which ran in both The Plain Dealer and The Sporting News, in which he answered intricate questions about sports rules.His writing was featured 17 times in the annual Best Sports Stories and selected for numerous other anthologies. He won many writing awards and was inducted into 12 halls of fame.

Jacobs Pavilion

Jacobs Pavilion (originally Nautica Stage, later Scene Pavilion, The Plain Dealer Pavilion and Nautica Pavilion) is an open-air amphitheater located on the west bank of The Flats in Cleveland, Ohio. The venue is part of the Nautica Entertainment Complex, owned by Jacobs Entertainment.

Mike Junkin

Michael Wayne Junkin (born November 21, 1964) is a former American football linebacker who played in the National Football League (NFL) for three seasons with the Cleveland Browns and the Kansas City Chiefs. He played in 20 games over the course of his NFL career.

Junkin played four years of college football at Duke University. In the 1987 NFL Draft, the Cleveland Browns traded up to select him with the fifth overall pick. He played in parts of two seasons for the Browns, both of which ended early due to injury. Junkin was then traded to the Kansas City Chiefs for a fifth-round selection and played in five more games. After his release from the Chiefs, he did not play another game in the NFL. His failure to establish himself in the NFL has caused him to be regarded as a draft bust.

Pat Seerey

James Patrick Seerey (March 17, 1923 – April 28, 1986) was an American professional baseball player. An outfielder, Seerey played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for seven seasons in the American League with the Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox. In 561 career games, Seerey recorded a batting average of .224 and accumulated 86 home runs and 261 runs batted in (RBI).

Born in Oklahoma and raised in Arkansas, Seerey played football and baseball in high school. After graduating, he joined the Cleveland Indians' farm system in 1941, and made his major league debut two-and-a-half years later. He was primarily a starting outfielder the next five seasons for the Indians, but led the league in strikeouts four times. He was traded partway through the 1948 season to the Chicago White Sox, and a month after being traded became the fifth player in major league history to hit four home runs in one game. The following season, he was sent to the minor leagues, and played a few seasons in the farm system for the White Sox before retiring.

Progressive Field

Progressive Field is a baseball park located in the downtown area of Cleveland, Ohio, United States. It is the home field of the Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball and, together with Quicken Loans Arena, is part of the Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex. It was ranked as Major League Baseball's best ballpark in a 2008 Sports Illustrated fan opinion poll.The ballpark opened as Jacobs Field in 1994 to replace Cleveland Stadium, which the team had shared with the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League. Since 2008, the facility has been named for Progressive Corporation, based in the Cleveland suburb of Mayfield, which purchased naming rights for $58 million over 16 years. The previous name came from team owners Richard and David Jacobs, who had acquired naming rights when the facility opened. The ballpark is still often referred to as "The Jake", based on its original name.When it opened, the listed seating capacity was 42,865 people and between 1995 and 2001 the team sold out 455 consecutive regular-season games. Modifications over the years resulted in several moderate changes to the capacity, peaking at 45,569 in 2010. After the 2014 and 2015 seasons, the facility was renovated in two phases, which upgraded and reconfigured several areas of the park and reduced seating capacity. As of 2019, seating capacity is listed at 34,788 people, though additional fans can be accommodated through standing room areas and temporary seating.

Since moving to Progressive Field, the Indians have won 10 Central Division titles and have hosted playoff games in 11 seasons, the most recent being in 2018. Progressive Field is one of the few facilities in baseball history to host the Major League Baseball All-Star Game and games of the World Series in the same season, which occurred in 1997. The Indians have hosted games of the American League Championship Series in five seasons and have advanced to the World Series three times at the park.

Steve Gromek

Stephen Joseph Gromek (January 15, 1920 – March 12, 2002) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for 17 seasons in the American League with the Cleveland Indians and Detroit Tigers. In 447 career games, Gromek pitched 2,064⅔ innings and posted a win–loss record of 123–108 with 92 complete games, 17 shutouts, and a 3.41 earned run average (ERA).

Born in Hamtramck, Michigan, Gromek originally began playing professionally with the Indians organization as an infielder, but became a pitcher early on, and made his major league debut in 1941. He played sparingly his first three years before becoming an everyday starter in 1944 and 1945, earning his lone All-Star appearance in the latter year. After the war ended, he became a spot starter, spending time as both a starting pitcher and relief pitcher. Gromek was the winning pitcher in game four of the 1948 World Series with the Cleveland Indians. His career is best remembered for a post game celebratory photo taken of him hugging Larry Doby, the first black player in the American League, whose third inning home run provided the margin of victory. The photo became a symbol for integration in baseball.Gromek remained in the spot starter role with the Indians until 1953, when he was traded to the Tigers. The Tigers used him solely as a starting pitcher, and had 18 wins in his first full season with them in 1954. He played two more full seasons with the Tigers, and retired during the 1957 season. Gromek then became a player-manager for the Erie Sailors for one year, became a car insurance sales representative after his retirement, and died in 2002.

Terry Pluto

Terry Pluto (born June 12, 1955) is an American sportswriter, newspaper columnist, and author who primarily writes columns for The Plain Dealer, and formerly for the Akron Beacon Journal about Cleveland, Ohio sports and religion.

Pluto is a graduate of Benedictine High School in Cleveland, and received a degree in secondary education from Cleveland State University, with a major in Social Studies and a minor in English.

On August 14, 2007, Pluto announced he was leaving the Beacon Journal to return to The Plain Dealer. He cited the larger circulation and ability to write for his hometown paper as reasons for leaving. Pluto began at The Plain Dealer on September 2, 2007.

Since joining The Plain Dealer, Pluto's stories and columns have contributed to the paper becoming a three-time Ohio Associated Press Award winner for Best Daily Sports Section (2007, 2010, 2011 - Division V)

The Plain Dealer (Kadina)

The Plain Dealer was a weekly Saturday newspaper in Kadina, South Australia, operating from 1894 until 1926 as a smaller competitor to the Kadina and Wallaroo Times.

The Plain Dealer (play)

The Plain Dealer is a Restoration comedy by William Wycherley, first performed on 11 December 1676. The play is based on Molière's Le Misanthrope, and is generally considered Wycherley's finest work along with The Country Wife.

The play was highly praised by John Dryden and John Dennis, though it was equally condemned for its obscenity by many. Throughout the eighteenth century it was performed in a bowdlerized version by Isaac Bickerstaffe.

The title character is Captain Manly, a sailor who doubts the motives of everyone he meets except for his sweetheart, Olivia, and his friend, Vernish. When Olivia jilts him and marries Vernish, he attempts to gain revenge by sending a pageboy (who, unknown to him, is a girl in disguise and is in love with him) to seduce Olivia. When the truth of the page's identity is discovered, Manly marries her instead.

The French philosopher, historian, and dramatist Voltaire adapted The Plain Dealer to make his own play, titled La Prude (The Prude).Comments from 1911 Britannica:

Scarcely inferior to The Country Wife is The Plain Dealer — a play of which Voltaire said, "Je ne connais point de comédie chez les anciens ni chez les modernes où il y ait autant d'esprit." ("I know not of a single comedy of either the ancients or the moderns where there is so much wit.") This comedy had an immense influence, as regards manipulation of dialogue, upon all subsequent English comedies of repartee, and he who wants to trace the ancestry of Tony Lumpkin and Mrs Hardcastle (in She Stoops to Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith) has only to turn to Jerry Blackacre and his mother, while Manly (for whom Wycherley's early patron, the Duke of Montausier, sat), though he is perhaps overdone, has dominated this kind of stage character ever since. If but few readers know how constantly the blunt sententious utterances of this character are reappearing, not on the stage alone, but in the novel and even in poetry, it is because a play whose motive is monstrous and intolerable can only live in a monstrous and intolerable state of society; it is because Wycherley's genius was followed by Nemesis, who always dogs the footsteps of the denier of literary art. When Burns said: "The rank is but the guinea stamp, The man's the gowd for a' that"; when Sterne, in Tristram Shandy, said, "Honours, like impressions upon coin, may give an ideal and local value to a bit of base metal, but gold and silver will pass all the world over without any other recommendation than their own weight," what did these writers do but adopt—adopt without improving—Manly's fine saying to Freeman, in the first act: "I weigh the man, not his title; 'tis not the king's stamp can make the metal better or heavier"? And yet it is in the fourth and fifth acts that the coruscations of Wycherley's comic genius are the most dazzling; also, it is there that the licentiousness is the most astonishing. Not that the worst scenes in this play are really more wicked than the worst scenes in Vanbrugh's Relapse, but they are more seriously imagined. Being less humorous than Vanbrugh's scenes, they are more terribly and earnestly realistic; therefore they seem more wicked. They form indeed a striking instance of the folly of the artist who selects a story which cannot be actualized without hurting the finer instincts of human nature.

Transfiguration Church (Cleveland, Ohio)

Transfiguration Church (Polish: Parafia Przemienienia Pańskiego w Cleveland), was a Catholic parish church in Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. Part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland, it was located at the southwest corner of the intersection of Broadway Avenue and Fullerton Avenue in a part of the South Broadway neighborhood previously known in Polish as Warszawa, also referred to today as Slavic Village. The church suffered a severe structure fire in 1990. The parish closed in 1992, and the church was demolished in early 1993.

Union–Miles Park

Union–Miles Park is a city planning area on the East Side of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. The neighborhood draws its name from Union Avenue (which bifurcates the northern part of the neighborhood), and Miles Park in its far southwest corner (originally the town square of Newburgh Village).

Union–Miles Park was originally part of Newburgh Township, which was organized in 1814. Settled by whites as an area of farms and orchards, Union–Miles Park became one of two centers in the Cleveland steelmaking industry beginning in 1856. The steel mills drew Irish, Scottish, and Welsh immigrants to the area, with the intersection of E. 93rd Street and Union Avenue becoming known as "Irishtown". After an 1882 strike at the steel mill was broken using Polish and Slovak strikebreakers, the large Irish and Welsh communities were displaced by these two new immigrant groups. Railroads cut through many areas of Union–Miles Park, defining the area. The steel industry in Union–Miles Park collapsed during the Great Depression. White flight from the area in the 1960s, and a strong influx of African Americans eager to take advantage of inexpensive housing, radically changed the demographic nature of the neighborhood. Since the mid-1970s, Union–Miles Park has been challenged by a high poverty rate, low adult educational achievement, extensive decrepit and vacant housing, high crime, and a lack of employment opportunities.

Union–Miles Park is bordered on the west by South Broadway, the northwest by Kinsman, the north by Woodland Hills, the east by Mt. Pleasant and Corlett, and the south by the city of Garfield Heights, Ohio.


WMMS (100.7 FM) – branded 100.7 WMMS: The Buzzard – is a commercial radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio. Widely regarded as one of the most influential rock stations in America throughout its history, the station has also drawn controversy for unusually aggressive tactics both on and off the air.Owned by iHeartMedia, Inc., and broadcasting a mix of active rock and hot talk, WMMS serves as the flagship station for Rover's Morning Glory, the Cleveland affiliate for The House of Hair with Dee Snider, and the home of radio personality Alan Cox. The station also serves as the FM flagship for the Cleveland Cavaliers and Cleveland Indians radio networks. Besides a standard analog transmission, WMMS broadcasts over two HD Radio channels, and is available online via iHeartRadio. The WMMS-HD2 digital subchannel, which airs an alternative rock format, also simulcasts over a low-power FM translator.

The WMMS studios are located at the former Centerior Energy building in the Cleveland suburb of Independence, while the station transmitter resides in neighboring Seven Hills. The WMMS call letters first referred to an owner – "MetroMedia Stereo" – but have since taken on a variety of other meanings.

William Wycherley

William Wycherley (baptised 8 April 1641 – 1 January 1716) was an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for the plays The Country Wife and The Plain Dealer.

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