The New York Times Building is a skyscraper on the west side of Midtown Manhattan, New York City that was completed in 2007. Its chief tenant is The New York Times Company, publisher of The New York Times as well as the International New York Times, and other newspapers. Construction was by a joint venture of The New York Times Company, Forest City Ratner (Forest City Enterprises's New York subsidiary), and ING Real Estate. As of 2018, The New York Times Building is the eighth-tallest building in the city, tied with the Chrysler Building.
|The New York Times Building|
New York Times Building with the Empire State Building in the background.
Location within Manhattan
The New York Times Building (New York)
The New York Times Building (the United States)
|Location||620 Eighth Avenue|
Manhattan, New York 10018
|Owner||The New York Times Company (58% owner) and Brookfield Office Properties (42% owner)|
|Management||Brookfield Office Properties|
|Architectural||1,046 ft (318.8 m)|
|Roof||748 ft (228 m)|
|Top floor||721 ft (219.9 m)|
|Floor area||1,545,708 sq ft (143,601.0 m2)|
|Lifts/elevators||32 (24 passenger, 8 service)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Renzo Piano Building Workshop, FXFOWLE Architects|
|Developer||Forest City Ratner Companies|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti|
|Main contractor||AMEC Construction Management|
The original newspaper headquarters in 1851 were at 113 Nassau Street, in a little building that stood until fairly recently, then up the street a few years later at 138 Nassau Street. In 1858, the Times then moved to a five-story edifice at 41 Park Row; thirty years later, partially in response to a new tower erected by the competing Tribune, it commissioned a new 13-story building at the same site, one that remains in use by Pace University. In 1904, again partially in response to the Herald Square headquarters of the New York Herald, the paper moved to perhaps its most famous location, the Times Tower, on the site of the Pabst Hotel. The name of the surrounding area changed from Longacre Square to Times Square. The paper outgrew the slender tower within a decade and, in 1913, moved into the Times Annex, 229 West 43rd Street, where it remained for almost a century.
The project was announced on December 13, 2001: a 52-story tower on the east side of Eighth Avenue between 40th and 41st Street across from the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey Bus Terminal. The project, in conjunction with the Hearst Tower, represents the further westward expansion of Midtown along Eighth Avenue, a corridor that had seen no construction since the 1989 completion of One Worldwide Plaza. In addition, the new building—called by many New Yorkers "The New Times Tower"—keeps the paper in the Times Square area, its namesake.
The site for the building was obtained by the Empire State Development Corporation (ESDC) through eminent domain. With a mandate to acquire and redevelop blighted properties in Times Square, ten buildings were condemned by the ESDC and purchased from their owners. Some owners sued, asserting that the area was no longer blighted, but lost in court. Once the 80,000-square-foot (7,400 m2) site was assembled, it was leased to The New York Times Company and Forest City Ratner for $85.6 million over 99 years (considerably below market value). Additionally, The New York Times Company received $26.1 million in tax breaks. The Times itself occupies 628,000 square feet (58,300 m2) on the 2nd to 21st floors, with the remainder leased to tenants. Law firm Covington & Burling also occupies 194,000 square feet (18,000 m2) in the building, taking up floors 39 through 44.
Shortly after completion, in 2009 the Times sold their ownership stake in the tower's leasehold to W. P. Carey for $225 million. In exchange, the Times would lease back their floors for $24 million a year for 10 years, a price far below the market value of the space.
On December 16, 2016, The New York Times announced that it was vacating at least 8 floors totaling 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) in order to generate rental income and save costs. In January 2018, financial firm Liquidnet announced they would take half the available space, signing a sublease for over 140,000 square feet (13,000 m2) square feet in the building. The Times also announced in February 2018 that they would be exercising the option to repurchase the building's leasehold from W.P. Carey for $250 million in 2019.
In November 2018, UK-based outsourcing firm Williams Lea Tag signed a 10-year lease for all 31,058 square feet (2,885.4 m2) of space on the 10th floor of the building.
The tower was designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop and FXFOWLE Architects, with Gensler providing interior design. The lighting design for the building's nighttime identity was designed by the Office for Visual Interaction Inc. The tower rises 748 feet (228 m) from the street to its roof, with the exterior curtain wall extending 92 feet (28 m) higher to 840 feet (256 m), and a mast rising to 1,046 feet (318.8 m). As of 2010, the building was tied with the Chrysler Building as the fourth-tallest building in New York City, due to the unfinished One World Trade Center exceeding their height. The tower is also the 14th-tallest building in the United States.
The steel-framed building, cruciform in plan, has a screen of 1 5⁄8" (41.3 mm) ceramic rods mounted on the exterior of the glass curtain wall on the east, west and south facades. The rod spacing increases from the base to the top, adding transparency as the building rises. The steel framing and bracing is exposed at the four corner "notches" of the building.
The new building is promoted as a green structure. The design incorporates numerous environmentally sustainable features for increased energy efficiency. The double-skin curtain wall, automated louver shading system, dimmable lighting system, underfloor air distribution system and cogeneration are the main sustainable design features.
The use of floor-to-ceiling glass maximizes light and views for people inside and outside the building. The horizontal white ceramic rods on the building facade, which are spaced to allow occupants to have unobstructed views while both seated and standing, act as an aesthetic veil and a sun shade. They are made of aluminum silicate, an extremely dense and high-quality ceramic chosen for its durability and cost-effectiveness. Glazed with a finish similar to the material used on terra cotta to reflect light, self-clean, and resist weather, the rods change color with the sun and weather. Additionally, the automated louver shades move in response to the position of the sun and inputs from sensors, blocking light to reduce glare or allowing it to enter at times of less direct sunlight. The moveable shades reduce energy consumption about 13% by reducing solar heat gain by 30%.
In a normal office building, lights usually consume about 44% of total energy. The NYT building uses less, because its design, lighting, and shading systems allow the sun to be the main source of light. Each of the more than 18,000 electrical ballasts in the lighting system contains a computer chip, allowing each room's lights to brighten or dim depending on whether a room is occupied and how bright the sun is.
The New York Times Company utilizes the underfloor air distribution system which strives for better indoor air quality, thermal comfort as well as energy saving. The conditioned air from the air handler is delivered through an air highway system that circumnavigates the service core and then into the six zoned off underfloor low pressure zones for distribution across the floor plate to all floor diffusers. Around each perimeter a series of fan power boxes control the temperature in the space. If heating is required then the fans turn on delivering heat via a hot water coil. In cooling mode, the fans operate to give increased ventilation around the perimeter spaces. Fresh air is supplied by two air handling units on the 28th floor sending fresh treated outside air to each floor where a constant volume VAV controls the amount of air entering the system. The air is then conditioned for proper cooling and humidity before being sent to the air highway. The New York Times Building also benefits from other general UFAD advantages. In the open plan office space that was implemented in occupied space from 2nd to 21st floors to enhance daylighting and outdoor views, the system provides flexibility to place the required equipment anywhere on the raised integrated service plenum. When departments or occupants needed to be reconfigured, the raised floor also enables maintenance to carry out changes at relatively lower expense.
The New York Times Building incorporates a cogeneration plant to supply its 24-7 operation and 40% of the power used. Located in a mechanical room at the far end of the podium’s top floor, the plant consists of two natural gas fired reciprocating engine driven generators with a total generating capacity of 1.5 MW of electrical power. It recovers the heat produced by combustion and converts the heat into usable energy in the form of hot water. The recovered hot water serves as the building’s heating loop to provide warmth during the winter and functions as a refrigeration machine to provide cooling during the summer. The power from the grid is solely used by the building as a backup source.
A team of researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and Center for the Built Environment monitored the building’s performance for a year and compared the results with buildings that meet with the standard building efficiency codes. They found that the New York Times Building significantly reduced annual electricity, cut heating energy use by more than 50% and decrease the peak electric demand as well. "It is essential to start with a sound, integrated building design, and then to pay attention to details such as procurement of building equipment, and verifying the proper performance of the equipment after it is installed. The Times Company did its homework in 2004, well before construction began on the building, evaluating and optimizing the shading and daylighting technologies," concluded the Berkeley researchers.
In the summer of 2008, three men illegally climbed the external facade of The New York Times Building within a month of each other, with the first two on the same day. The three climbers were not associated with one another.
On June 5, 2008, a professional climber, Alain Robert, dubbed "The French Spiderman," climbed the north side of The New York Times Building. He was able to scale the building from first floor all the way to the roof. During his climb, Robert attached a fluorescent green neon sign to the building that read "Global warming kills more people than a 9/11 every week". Robert also wore a t-shirt promoting the website "The Solution is Simple". Robert was met on the roof by the NYPD emergency service unit team where he was put in a harness to ensure he did not fall and placed under arrest. Later that day, a second climber scaled the western face of the building. He also was arrested for climbing the building facade after reaching the roof. The climber, 32-year-old Brooklyn resident Renaldo Clarke, was wearing a T-shirt with the words "Malaria No More" written on it.
The third climber was David Malone, 29, from Connecticut, who also scaled the west side of the building on July 9, 2008. Unlike the two previous climbers, Malone did not attempt to make it to the roof. He hung a banner around the fifth floor upon the first "T" of The New York Times sign, that had a picture of Osama Bin Laden holding Bush like a puppet—"Bin Laden's Plan" (the title of his book and website). He then climbed higher, stopping at the 11th floor, and remained hanging on the building for four hours before being arrested. Malone said he was protesting Al Qaeda's "crusader baiting", and "intentional provocation of the U.S." On Saturday March 24, 2012, a homeless man was caught climbing the building. He made it to the 5th floor before getting stuck, and was eventually arrested.
229 West 43rd Street, formerly known as The New York Times Building, is an 18-story (267 ft;81 m) office building, located at 229 West 43rd Street between Seventh and Eighth Avenue near Times Square in Manhattan, a borough of New York City. It was the headquarters of The New York Times newspaper from 1913 through 2007.Alain Robert
Alain Robert (born as Robert Alain Philippe on 7 August 1962) is a French rock climber and urban climber, from Digoin, Saône-et-Loire, Burgundy, France. Known as "the French Spider-Man" (after the comic character Spider-Man) or "the Human Spider," Robert is famous for his free solo climbing, scaling skyscrapers using no climbing equipment except for a small bag of chalk and a pair of climbing shoes.Bruce Fowle
Bruce Fowle is an American architect. He co-founded Fox & Fowle Architects in 1978 and is now Founding Principal Emeritus at FXCollaborative.
Fowle's work ranges from high-rise, multi-use complexes to cultural institutions and private homes. Fowle has earned the firm a number of major awards, including a 2001 National Honor Award for Design, the highest honor that the American Institute of Architects bestows on a project, for 4 Times Square. He is also known for his work on Manhattan's Second Avenue Subway, the Reuters Building (3 Times Square), The New York Times Building, and the renovation and expansion of the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center.Fowle was a founder and chairman of the New York chapter of Architects/Designers/Planners for Social Responsibility, an advocacy group for social justice and a sustainable built environment. He is on the Advisory Boards of New School University's Eugene Lang College and the New York City Ballet. Following the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center, he helped create and mobilize New York New Visions, a coalition of organizations to help shape the planning and design response to the destruction. He continues to serve on the executive board which acts in an advisory capacity, providing vision and guidance to the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation.
A 1960 graduate of the Syracuse University School of Architecture, Fowle was a founder and chair of the school's Advisory Board and was the recipient of its George Arents Pioneer Medal in 2001. He is LEED accredited by the U.S. Green Building Council.
Fowle was elevated to the American Institute of Architects College of Fellows in 1985, elected into the National Academy as an Associate member in 1991, and became a full Academician in 1994. He has served as President of the National Academy since 2011. In 2016, Fowle received the American Institute of Architects New York State (AIANYS) President's Award.Dan Kaplan (architect)
Daniel J. Kaplan (born January 30, 1961) popularly known as Dan Kaplan is an American architect based in New York City as Senior Partner at FXFOWLE.
He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects (FAIA), Cornell University alumnus, and was Design Partner on The New York Times Building, Eleven Times Square, 3 Times Square, 4 Times Square, Allianz (Rönesans) Tower, and numerous other office and residential buildings, most notably in New York City.Datadog
Datadog is a monitoring service for cloud-scale applications, providing monitoring of servers, databases, tools, and services, through a SaaS-based data analytics platform.Eleven Times Square
Eleven Times Square is a 40-story, 1,100,000-square-foot (102,193 m2) LEED Gold-certified office and retail tower located on Eighth Avenue at W. 42nd Street in the Times Square neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, directly across from the Port Authority Bus Terminal and immediately north of The New York Times Building. The tower was completed in 2011 and rises 601 feet (183 m), making it the 128th tallest building in New York City. It was developed by New York City-based SJP Properties in partnership with Prudential Real Estate Investors, and was designed by the renowned architect Dan Kaplan of FXFOWLE.
Tenants include Microsoft Corp., global law firm Proskauer Rose, global hedge fund Moore Capital Management, British Telecom, E*TRADE,, Kepos Capital and eMarketer. The tower’s 55,000 square feet (5,110 m2) of retail space is leased to Parques Reunidos, who will operate a Lionsgate Entertainment Palace in 2019.
In February 2015, Norges Bank Investment Management purchased a 45-percent stake in 11 Times Square. SJP Properties and Prudential Real Estate Investors continue to own and control the building, and SJP Properties continues to manage, lease and operate the building.11 Times Square features concierge-level services including a high-tech elevator dispatch system; an advanced visitor check-in system; a secured, fully efficient loading dock; and a messenger/mail center and delivery area specifically designed to maximize ease of use by tenants. The building also provides LEED Platinum-level indoor air quality and features highly efficient office space with floor-to-ceiling windows and column-free corner offices, as well as multiple private terraces. 11 Times Square's lobby features a kinetic mobile installation designed by artist Tim Prentice.The building is in close proximity to several modes of public transportation. It is across from the Port Authority Bus Terminal. In addition, it has direct access to the New York City Subway, with an entrance to the Times Square - 42nd Street subway station (1, 2, 3, 7, <7>, A, C, E, N, Q, R, W, and S trains) located inside the building façade.Fulton–Nassau Historic District
The Fulton–Nassau Historic District is a federally designated historic area of New York City roughly bounded by Broadway and Park Row, Nassau, Dutch and William Streets, Ann and Spruce Streets, and Liberty Street, in lower Manhattan. It contains a mix of late 19th- and early 20th-century architectural styles. The historic district lies just south of City Hall Park and east of lower Broadway. It is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Contained within the 10 block area of the Fulton–Nassau Historic District are many properties which have individually been designated New York City Landmarks by the Landmarks Preservation Commission, including the 63 Nassau Street Building, the Keuffel & Esser Company building, the Bennett Building (139 Fulton Street), the Park Row Building, the Potter Building (35-38 Park Row), and the New York Times Building (41 Park Row), among others.Kathy Ryan
Kathy Ryan is an American picture editor who works for The New York Times Magazine. She has worked as the director of photography at the magazine for over 30 years, since 1987. Along with her exquisite editing and methods as an art director, she is widely known for her book Office Romance, which began as a personal project where she published photographs of The New York Times Building on Instagram. Her work revolves around the elegant environment of The New York Times building and portraits of her colleagues and those close to her.
During her time as director of photography, Ryan has been recognized in the National Magazine Awards in both 2011 and 2012. Ryan herself has received the Royal Photographic Society's annual award for Outstanding Service to Photography. Ryan also gives lectures on photography and serves as a mentor at the School of Visual Arts in New York City.List of architects of supertall buildings
This is a list of architects who have designed completed or topped-out skyscrapers over 300 m (980 ft) tall (supertall).National Geographic Encounter
National Geographic Encounter, also known as National Geographic Encounter: Ocean Odyssey due to its inaugural exhibit, is a Times Square is an exploration of the oceans attraction operated under license from National Geographic. It is located in the former printing area of what once was the New York Times Building, leased from the Kushner Companies.. It is operated in partnership with SPE Partners and Times Square Attractions Live.The 60,000 sq. feet space makes use of technology to create a virtual ocean experience. Among the sources for the content are more than one thousand original photographs of the Solomon Islands.New York Times Building (41 Park Row)
The New York Times Building, at 41 Park Row in the Civic Center neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, was the home of The New York Times from 1889 to 1903, when it moved to Longacre Square, now known as Times Square. The building stands as the oldest of the surviving buildings of what was once "Newspaper Row", and is owned by Pace University. A bronze statue of Benjamin Franklin holding a copy of his Pennsylvania Gazette stands in front of the building across the street in Printing-House Square, currently known as 1 Pace Plaza.One Times Square
One Times Square, also known as 1475 Broadway, the New York Times Building, the New York Times Tower, or simply as the Times Tower, is a 25-story, 363-foot-high (111 m) skyscraper, designed by Cyrus L. W. Eidlitz, located at 42nd Street and Broadway in New York City.
The tower was originally built to serve as the headquarters of The New York Times, which officially moved into the tower in January 1905. Eight years later, the paper moved to a new building, 229 West 43rd Street. Even after the Times left, One Times Square remained a major focal point of Times Square due to its annual New Year's Eve "ball drop" festivities, and the introduction of an electronic news ticker at street-level in 1928.
Following its sale to Lehman Brothers in 1995, One Times Square was re-purposed with advertising billboards on its facade to take advantage of its prime location within the square. Most of the building's interior remains vacant (aside from its only major tenant, a Walgreens pharmacy which occupies its lower levels, although plans were announced in 2017 to build a new Times Square museum and observatory in part of the vacant space), while its exterior features a large number of traditional and electronic billboards. Due to the large amount of revenue generated by its ads, One Times Square is considered one of the most valuable advertising locations in the world.Park Row (Manhattan)
Park Row is a street located in the Financial District, Civic Center, and Chinatown neighborhoods of the New York City borough of Manhattan. The street runs east-west, sometimes called north-south because the western end is nearer to Downtown Manhattan. At the north end of Park Row is the confluence of Bowery, East Broadway, St. James Place, Oliver Street, Mott Street, and Worth Street at Chatham Square. At the street's south end, Broadway, Vesey Street, Barclay Street, and Ann Street intersect. The intersection includes a bus turnaround loop designated as Millennium Park. Park Row was once known as Chatham Street; it was renamed Park Row in 1886, a reference to the fact that it faces City Hall Park, the former New York Common.Patrick Thomas (graphic artist)
Patrick Thomas is a graphic artist. His work has been used to illustrate book reviews and opinion pieces in the New York Times. An exhibition of his screen-prints was held in The New York Times Building in 2009.Robert Maynicke
Robert Maynicke (died September 30, 1913) was an American architect. The New York Times called him "a pioneer in the building of modern loft buildings."
Maynicke was born in Germany and trained at Cooper Union. He was a partner in the firm Maynicke & Franke, whose offices were at 25 Madison Square South in New York City. He died at his home in Bedford Hills, New York, called Cedarknoll, at the age of 69.
Among the most notable New York City buildings designed by him or his firm are the Guggenheimer Building on Waverly Place, the International Toy Center and Sohmer Piano Building on Fifth Avenue, the Equitable Building, which burned down in 1912, and the Yorkville Bank Building.
Maynicke & Franke worked on the New York Times Building on Park Row with George Post, and Broadway's Goelet Building with McKim Mead & White.The 2nd Annual Shorty Awards
Voting for the second Shorty Awards opened on January 5, 2010, in 26 official categories. A Real-Time Photo of the Year category was added to the list of official categories for the first time, recognizing the best photo posted to services such as Twitpic, Yfrog, or Facebook.The second Shorty Awards competition introduced a panel of judges called the Real-Time Academy of Short Form Arts & Sciences whose members were Craig Newmark, David Pogue, Kurt Andersen, Caterina Fake, Joi Ito, Frank Moss, Alberto Ibargüen, Sreenath Sreenivasan, MC Hammer, Alyssa Milano and Jimmy Wales. After public nominations determined the finalists, the Academy decided on the winners.
Winners were announced at a ceremony held in the Times Center in The New York Times building in Manhattan, and were streamed online. The ceremony was hosted by CNN anchor Rick Sanchez, who presented awards in the official categories as well as the newly added Real-Time Photo of the Year and a special humanitarian award.The New York Times Company
The New York Times Company is an American mass media company which publishes its namesake newspaper, The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. has served as chairman since 1997. It is headquartered in Manhattan, New York.Times Building
Times Building may refer to:
Los Angeles Times Building, the building at 1st and Spring Streets in Los Angeles, California that has housed The Los Angeles Times since 1935
One Times Square, the building at One Times Square in New York City that housed The New York Times from 1904 to 1913
The New York Times Building, the building at 620 Eighth Avenue in New York City that currently houses The New York Times
The New York Times Building (former), the building at 229 West 43rd Street in New York City that housed The New York Times from 1913 to 2007
Times Building-Lodge Hall, in Canal Winchester, Ohio, which housed The Winchester Times
Times Square Building, Seattle, Washington, formerly known as Times Building and listed on the NRHP as that
The Old Times Building, the building at 228 East Holmes Avenue in Huntsville, Alabama, that's listed on the NRHPUnderfloor air distribution
Underfloor air distribution (UFAD) is an air distribution strategy for providing ventilation and space conditioning in buildings as part of the design of a HVAC system. UFAD systems use an underfloor supply plenum located between the structural concrete slab and a raised floor system to supply conditioned air through floor diffusers directly into the occupied zone of the building. UFAD systems are similar to conventional overhead systems (OH) in terms of the types of equipment used at the cooling and heating plants and primary air-handling units (AHU). Key differences include the use of an underfloor air supply plenum, warmer supply air temperatures, localized air distribution (with or without individual control) and thermal stratification.Thermal stratification is one of the featured characteristics of UFAD systems, which allows higher thermostat setpoints compared to the traditional overhead systems (OH). UFAD cooling load profile is different from a traditional OH system due to the impact of raised floor, particularly UFAD may have a higher peak cooling load than that of OH systems. This is because heat is gained from building penetrations and gaps within the structure itself. UFAD has several potential advantages over traditional overhead systems, including layout flexibility, improved thermal comfort and ventilation efficiency , reduced energy use in suitable climates and life-cycle costs. UFAD is often used in office buildings, particularly highly-reconfigurable and open plan offices where raised floors are desirable for cable management. UFAD is appropriate for a number of different building types including commercials, schools, churches, airports, museums, libraries etc. Notable buildings using UFAD system in North America include The New York Times Building, Bank of America Tower and San Francisco Federal Building. Careful considerations need to be made in the construction phase of UFAD systems to ensure a well-sealed plenum to avoid air leakage in UFAD supply plenums.
|Chairman of the Board|