The Lesson (French: La Leçon) is a one-act play by French-Romanian playwright Eugène Ionesco. It was first performed in 1951 in a production directed by Marcel Cuvelier (who also played the Professor). Since 1957 it has been in permanent showing at Paris' Théâtre de la Huchette, on an Ionesco double-bill with The Bald Soprano. The play is regarded as an important work in the "Theatre of the Absurd".
Image from Shimer College production
|Written by||Eugène Ionesco|
|Characters||Professor • Pupil • Maid|
|Date premiered||February 1951|
|Place premiered||Paris, France|
Theatre of the Absurd
This play takes place in the office and dining room of a small French flat. The Professor, a man of 50 to 60, is expecting a new Pupil (aged 18). The Professor's Maid, a stout, red-faced woman of 40 to 50, worries about the Professor's health. As the absurd and nonsensical lesson progresses, the Professor grows more and more angry with what he perceives as the Pupil's ignorance, and the Pupil becomes more and more quiet and meek. Even her health begins to deteriorate, and what starts as a toothache develops into her entire body aching. At the climax of the play, after a long bout of non sequiturs (which are frequently used in Ionesco's plays), the Professor stabs and murders the Pupil. The play ends with the Maid greeting a new Pupil, taking the play full circle, back to the beginning.
The Danish choreographer Flemming Flindt adapted the play as the libretto to a score by Georges Delerue for his first ballet, The Private Lesson (Enetime) in 1963. The Professor in Flindt's adaptation is a ballet teacher. The ballet was commissioned by Danish television and received its 1964 stage premiere in Paris with the Royal Danish Ballet on tour. Among other companies, it is danced by the Joffrey Ballet and the leading role has been performed by Rudolf Nureyev as well as other danseurs. In 2009, PK Productions, under the direction of Patrick Kennedy staged the play at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival as a naturalistic drama.
The 1973 State of the Union Address was given to the 93rd United States Congress on Tuesday, February 2, 1973, by Richard Nixon, the 37th United States President. He said, "America continues to provide a better and more abundant life for more of its people than any other nation in the world. We have passed through one of the most difficult periods in our history without surrendering to despair and without dishonoring our ideals as a people.
Looking back, there is a lesson in all this for all of us. The lesson is one that we sometimes had to learn the hard way over the past few years. But we did learn it. That lesson is that even potentially destructive forces can be converted into positive forces when we know how to channel them, and when we use common sense and common decency to create a climate of mutual respect and goodwill.
By working together and harnessing the forces of nature, Americans have unlocked some of the great mysteries of the universe."Bryan Q. Miller
Bryan Q. Miller is an American television and comic writer most notable for his work on the CW’s television series Smallville and DC’s comic book Batgirl.Dice Raw
Karl Jenkins, better known as Dice Raw, is an American hip hop artist, from Philadelphia. He is associated with The Roots, and one of the founding members of the now defunct musical group Nouveau Riche.
He hooked up with the band while still in high school after Kelo, a member of the group's production team, spotted him in a local talent show. The group quickly took the young rapper under their collective wings and decided to bring his talent along slowly. He made his debut in "The Lesson, Pt. 1." Soon after, he made a name for himself with cameos on "Episodes" and "Adrenaline", where his hard-hitting style complemented the heady rhymes of Roots leader Black Thought. Dice Raw has made several guest appearances on several mixtapes. He made an appearance in fellow band member and beatboxer Scratch's first solo album Embodiment of Instrumentation.
In 2000, Dice Raw released his solo debut album, Reclaiming the Dead on MCA Records.
Jenkins recorded vocals for the entrance theme of WWE wrestler Kung Fu Naki. The track is titled "Kung Fu San", and samples Carl Douglas's "Kung Fu Fighting", and is available on Voices: WWE The Music, Vol. 9.Additionally Jenkins has been in the studio functioning as co writer and producer for The Roots, in addition to working on his own material. In May 2010, Dice released his first solo single in ten years entitled "100" off of his upcoming solo project The Greatest Rapper Never. The single is a digital release and was made available on iTunes.
Dice Raw now runs indie label Raw Life Records, from where he released his solo project "The Greatest Rapper Never". He also signed prominent battle rapper Rone, who released an album under Raw Life Records titled "The First Story". The song "Against The Wall" features Dice Raw.E-learning (theory)
E-learning theory describes the cognitive science principles of effective multimedia learning using electronic educational technology.Educational television
Educational television or learning television is the use of television programs in the field of distance education. It may be in the form of individual television programs or dedicated specialty channels that is often associated with cable television in the United States as Public, educational, and government access (PEG) channel providers.
There are also adult education programs for an older audience; many of these are instructional television or "telecourse" services that can be taken for college credit. Examples of these include Open University programs on BBC television in the UK.
Many children's television series are educational, ranging from dedicated learning programs to those that indirectly teach the viewers. Some series are written to have a specific moral behind every episode, often explained at the end by the character that learned the lesson.
In the social aspects of television, several studies have found that educational television has many advantages. The Media Awareness Network, explains in its article, The Good Things about Television, that television can be a very powerful and effective learning tool for children if used wisely. The article states that television can help young people discover where they fit into society, develop closer relationships with peers and family, and teach them to understand complex social aspects of communication.Mexican TV producer Miguel Sabido pioneered in the 1970s the use of telenovela to disseminate the government's policy views to mass audiences. The "Sabido Method" has been adopted by a number of countries, including India, Kenya, Peru, and China.GarageBand
GarageBand is a line of digital audio workstations for macOS and iOS that allows users to create music or podcasts. GarageBand is developed and sold by Apple Inc. for macOS, and is part of the iLife software suite. Its music and podcast creation system enables users to create multiple tracks with pre-made MIDI keyboards, pre-made loops, an array of various instrumental effects, and voice recordings.Hiyya b. Ashi
Hiyya b. Ashi (or Rav Hiyya b. Ashi; Hebrew: רב חייא בר אשי) was a second and third generation Amora sage of Babylon. In his youth he studied under Abba Arika, and served as his janitor.
In his service of Abba Arika he learned a lot of Halakhaic laws, which he transmitted to future generations. He stated for example that on Shabbat he would wash Abba Arika's clothes that were made of leather. From this statement, the Sages of Chazal concluded that the law of Melabain (Scouring/Laundering) on Shabbat does not apply on leather materials. He also stated that when he used to wake Abba Arika from his sleep, he would wash his hands, recite Birkat HaTorah, and only then would teach the lesson set. Hence, one should make a Birkat HaTorah also on the Talmud, and not only on the Bible. Later, R. Hiyya b. Ashi said, Abba Arike would wear the Tefillin, and then recite the Shema, and it is from that statement that the sages of Chazal have concluded that one should put on Tefillin before the Shema, even if it is already time for the Shema.Most of R. Hiyya b. Ashi's statements are made in the name of his teacher Abba Arika, and on rare occasions in the name of Samuel of Nehardea. At times his own rulings are cited as well, and sometimes he disputes his teacher Abba Arika.He was a colleague of Rav Huna and had debated him over rulings of their common Rabbi-teacher, Abba Arika.Lection
A lection, also called the lesson, is a reading from scripture in liturgy.Lesson
A lesson is a structured period of time where learning is intended to occur. It involves one or more students (also called pupils or learners in some circumstances) being taught by a teacher or instructor. A lesson may be either one section of a textbook (which, apart from the printed page, can also include multimedia) or, more frequently, a short period of time during which learners are taught about a particular subject or taught how to perform a particular activity. Lessons are generally taught in a classroom but may instead take place in a situated learning environment.
In a wider sense, a lesson is an insight gained by a learner into previously unfamiliar subject-matter. Such a lesson can be either planned or accidental, enjoyable or painful. The colloquial phrase "to teach someone a lesson", means to punish or scold a person for a mistake they have made in order to ensure that they do not make the same mistake again.Lessons can also be made entertaining. When the term education is combined with entertainment, the term edutainment is coined.Lesson plan
A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction or "learning trajectory" for a lesson. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class learning. Details will vary depending on the preference of the teacher, subject being covered, and the needs of the students. There may be requirements mandated by the school system regarding the plan. A lesson plan is the teacher's guide for running a particular lesson, and it includes the goal (what the students are supposed to learn), how the goal will be reached (the method, procedure) and a way of measuring how well the goal was reached (test, worksheet, homework etc.).List of Dallas (1978 TV series) episodes
Dallas is an American prime time television soap opera that revolves around the Ewings, a wealthy Texas family in the oil and cattle-ranching industries. The show was famous for its cliffhangers, including the "Who shot J.R.?" mystery and the "Dream Season".
The original miniseries (consisting of five episodes) from 1978 is now presented as "Season 1" in keeping with the initial release on DVD in 2004, although originally Season 1 officially began with the episode that aired on September 23, 1978. This article has been reformatted to list episodes by the current convention rather than original designation. Over its fourteen seasons, 357 episodes and four made-for-television movies and reunion specials aired.Order of the Eastern Star
The Order of the Eastern Star is a Masonic appendant body open to both men and women. It was established in 1850 by lawyer and educator Rob Morris, a noted Freemason, but was only adopted and approved as an appendant body of the Masonic Fraternity in 1873. The order is based on teachings from the Bible, but is open to people of all religious beliefs. It has approximately 10,000 chapters in twenty countries and approximately 500,000 members under its General Grand Chapter.
Members of the Order of the Eastern Star are aged 18 and older; men must be Master Masons and women must have specific relationships with Masons. Originally, a woman would have to be the daughter, widow, wife, sister, or mother of a Master Mason, but the Order now allows other relatives as well as allowing Job's Daughters, Rainbow Girls, Members of the Organization of Triangles (NY only) and members of the Constellation of Junior Stars (NY only) to become members when of age.Quranic parables
In the Quran, parables are used extensively, in a variety of forms and covering many themes. According to Afnan Fatani a contemporary scholar it is not the instructive stories but rather the cognitive role they play to illustrate abstract religion and to make the unfamiliar appear familiar that makes them important. They are meant to teach moral lessons, and usually the figures involved are of little importance as more attention is paid to the lesson than the figure. Below are some examples of parables in the Qur'an:
In verse 18:45, for example, worldly life is compared to the fall of rain and the cycle of vegetation:
"And strike for them a parable of the worldly life: it is like the water which we send down from the sky, and then the plants of the earth mingle with it. But then they become dry and broken and are scattered by the winds. And God is capable of all things."Other examples are the parable of the Two Gardens in chapter 18:32-44, the Hamlet in Ruins in chapter 2:259. and Parable of the House of Spider in chapter 29:41Remembrance Days
For information about the day commemorating veterans and civilians in World War I, World War II, and other wars, see Remembrance Day.Remembrance Days is the second album by the British band The Dream Academy. Not as successful as the band's 1985 self-titled debut, the album peaked at number 181 in the United States.
The lyrics and music for "The Lesson of Love" was written in just two four-hour sessions at Patrick Leonard's home.
Nick was inspired to write "In Exile" after reading an article in The Village Voice on Rodrigo Rojas.
"Everybody's Got to Learn Sometime" was not to be included in the album at first, until Lindsey Buckingham got involved with it at the last minute. Because of this, the vocals were done in his bedroom as he played the snare drum in his bathroom.
The instrumental version of "Power To Believe" appeared in the 1987 film Planes, Trains, and Automobiles, however the film's official soundtrack album contained the full vocal version. The instrumental version was finally included on the band's 2014 Greatest Hits compilation The Morning Lasted All Day: A Retrospective.Shiur (Torah)
Shiur (, Hebrew: שיעור [ʃiˈʔuʁ], pl. shiurim, שיעורים [ʃiʔuˈʁim] lit. "Lesson") is a lesson on any Torah topic, such as Gemara, Mishnah, halakha, Tanakh, etc.The Bird in Borrowed Feathers
The Bird in Borrowed Feathers is a fable of Classical Greek origin usually ascribed to Aesop. It has existed in numerous different versions between that time and the Middle Ages, going by various titles and generally involving members of the corvid family. The lesson to be learned from it has also varied, depending on the context in which it was told. Several idioms derive from the fable.The Dream Academy
The Dream Academy were an English band consisting of singer/guitarist Nick Laird-Clowes, multi-instrumentalist (chiefly oboe, Cor Anglais player) Kate St John, and keyboardist Gilbert Gabriel. The band is most noted for their 1985 hit single "Life in a Northern Town".The Lesson (song)
"The Lesson" is the song written by David Mack and recorded by Vikki Carr in 1967 and was released as a single as the follow-up to Carr's hit song "It Must Be Him". Like the previous single, "The Lesson" reached the top of the Easy Listening chart, spending one week at number one in February 1968. On the Billboard Hot 100, it peaked at number thirty-four.The Rose and the Amaranth
The Rose and the Amaranth is one of Aesop's Fables, numbered 369 in the Perry Index. It stands in contrast to those plant fables like The Oak and the Reed and The Trees and the Bramble in which the protagonists arrogantly debate with each other. In this, however, the lowly amaranth praises the rose for its beauty and reputation and is answered, equally humbly, that a rose's life is brief while the amaranth (the name of which means literally 'the undying flower') is everlasting.
In Classical times there were only Greek versions of the story and it spread into Western Europe comparatively late. One of the first to give a version in English was Brook Boothby in a poem that concludes
Love is the rose-bud of an hour;
Friendship the everlasting flower.The fable's moral is that beauty does not last, and that enviable conditions carry their penalty. This message is what underlies the question and answer format of Paul Otteson's lyric "The Rose and the Ameranth" on his February Fables CD (2011), although there the lesson is drawn from the human situation.