The Kansas City Star

The Kansas City Star is a newspaper based in Kansas City, Missouri. Published since 1880, the paper is the recipient of eight Pulitzer Prizes. The Star is most notable for its influence on the career of President Harry Truman and as the newspaper where a young Ernest Hemingway honed his writing style.[2] It was also central to government-mandated divestiture of radio and television outlets by newspaper concerns in the late 1950s.

Kansas City Star
The Kansas City Star front page
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)McClatchy
PublisherTony Berg
EditorMike Fannin
Founded1880
Headquarters1601 McGee
Kansas City, MO 64108
USA
Circulation76,853 Daily
118,203 Sunday (2018)[1]
ISSN0745-1067
OCLC number3555868
Websitewww.kansascity.com

History

Nelson family ownership (1880–1926)

The paper, originally called The Kansas City Evening Star, was founded September 18, 1880, by William Rockhill Nelson and Samuel E. Morss.[3] The two moved to Missouri after selling the newspaper that became the Fort Wayne News Sentinel (and earlier owned by Nelson's father) in Nelson's Indiana hometown, where Nelson was campaign manager in the unsuccessful Presidential run of Samuel Tilden.

Morss quit the newspaper business within a year and a half because of ill health. At the time there were three daily competitors – the Evening Mail; The Kansas City Times; and the Kansas City Journal.

Competitor Times editor Eugene Field wrote this about the new newspaper:

Twinkle, twinkle, little Star
Bright and gossipy you are;
We can daily hear you speak
For a paltry dime a week.[4]

Nelson's business strategy called for cheap advance subscriptions and an intention to be "absolutely independent in politics, aiming to deal by all men and all parties with impartiality and fearlessness.".[5]

He purchased the Kansas City Evening Mail (and its Associated Press evening franchise) in 1882. The paper name was changed to The Kansas City Star in 1885. Nelson started the Weekly Kansas City Star in 1890 and the Sunday Kansas City Star in 1894.[5] In 1901 Nelson also bought the morning paper The Kansas City Times (and its morning Associated Press franchise). Nelson announced the arrival of the "24 Hour Star."

President Harry S. Truman worked two weeks in August 1902 in the mailroom, making $7.00 the first week and $5.40 the second. In 1950 Truman half joked in an unmailed letter to Star editor Roy Roberts, "If the Star is at all mentioned in history, it will be because the President of the U.S. worked there for a few weeks in 1901."

The paper was first printed on the second story of a three-story building at 407–409 Delaware. In 1881 it moved 14 W. 5th Street. In 1882 it moved to 115 W. 6th. In 1889 it moved to 804–806 Wyandotte. In 1911 it moved into its Jarvis Hunt-designed building at 18th and Grand.[6]

Nelson died in 1915. Nelson provided in his will that his newspaper was to support his wife and daughter and then be sold.

Ernest Hemingway was a reporter for the Star from October 1917 to April 1918. Hemingway credited Star editor C.G. "Pete" Wellington with changing a wordy high-schooler's writing style into clear, provocative English. Throughout his lifetime he referred to this admonition from The Star Copy Style, the paper's style guide:

"Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative."

Nelson's wife died in 1921; his daughter Laura Kirkwood died in a Baltimore hotel room in 1926 at the age of 43.

Employee ownership (1926–1977)

Laura's husband Irwin Kirkwood, who was editor of the paper, led the employee purchase. Kirkwood in turn died of a heart attack in 1927 in Saratoga Springs, New York, where he had gone to sell thoroughbred horses. Stock in the company was then distributed among other employees.

Virtually all proceeds from the sale and remains of Nelson's $6 million personal fortune were donated to create the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art on the site of Nelson's home, Oak Hall. Both papers were purchased by the employees in 1926 following the death of Nelson's daughter.

The Star enjoyed a pivotal role in American politics beginning in the late 1920s when Iowa-native Herbert Hoover was nominated at the 1928 Republican convention in Kansas City, and continuing through 1960 at the conclusion of the presidency of Kansas favorite Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Editor Roy A. Roberts (1887–1967) was to make the newspaper a major force in Kansas politics. Roberts joined the paper in 1909 and was picked by Nelson for the Washington bureau in 1915. Roberts became managing editor in 1928. He was instrumental in pushing Kansas Governor Alf Landon for the Republican nomination in 1936; Landon was defeated in the general election by Franklin D. Roosevelt.[7]

In 1942 the Journal, the last daily competitor, ceased publication. The Journal had offered unwavering support of Tom Pendergast's political machine; once Pendergast had fallen from power, the paper suffered.[8]

In 1945 the paper bought the Flambeau Paper Mill in Park Falls, Wisconsin to provide newsprint. The mill was to be cited for pollution problems and have labor problems, and the Star was to eventually divest itself of the mill in 1971.[9]

Roberts was elevated to president of the Star in 1947. The Star was not particularly kind to hometown Democrat Harry Truman, who had been backed by famed big city Democratic Machine boss Tom Pendergast. In 1953, the Truman administration in its closing days filed antitrust charges against the Star over its ownership of WDAF-TV. The Star launched radio station WDAF May 16, 1922, and television outlet WDAF-TV on October 19, 1949. The Star lost its case and had to sign a consent decree in 1957 that led to the sale of the broadcast stations.

With the influence of the Star in Truman's hometown, the newspaper and Roberts were the subject of an April 12, 1948, cover issue of Time Magazine.

In 1954, Topeka correspondent Alvin McCoy won a Pulitzer Prize for a series of articles questioning the business dealings of the Republican national chairman. Roberts reported the Pulitzer Prize in a four paragraph item.

Roberts semi-retired in 1963, officially retired in 1965 and died in 1967.[10]

Corporate Ownership (1977–present)

KC Star First
First morning edition of the Kansas City Star on March 1, 1990 that came in a special package including the last edition of the Kansas City Times and the last afternoon edition of the Star.
Kc-star-plant1
The new printing plant which opened in June 2006. The headquarters is the red brick building on the lower right

Capital Cities/Disney (1977–1997)

Local ownership of the Times and Star ended in 1977 with their purchase by Capital Cities.[11] In 1990 the Star became a morning newspaper taking the place of what was then the larger Kansas City Times which ceased publication. The Walt Disney Company acquired Capital Cities/ABC in January 1996. Disney sold the paper to Knight Ridder in May 1997 as Disney moved to concentrate on broadcast rather than newspaper investments. Under Capital Cities ownership the newspaper won three Pulitzer Prizes (1982, 1982, 1992).

Knight Ridder/McClatchy (1997–present)

Knight Ridder's legacy is a massive $199 million, two-block long, glass-enclosed printing and distribution plant on the northeast side of the Star's landmark red brick headquarters at 1729 Grand Avenue. The plant began printing in June 2006. It took nearly four years to build, and is considered a major part of the effort to revitalize downtown Kansas City. The plant contains four 60 foot high presses. On June 4, 2006, the first edition of the Star came out from the new presses with a major redesign in the sections and the logo. The new paper design involved shrinking its broadsheet width from 15 to 12 inches and shrinking the length from 22 ​34 to 21 ​12 inches. Other broadsheet newspapers across the country, including the Wall Street Journal, are moving to the smaller standard size.

The McClatchy Company bought Knight Ridder in June 2006.

Pulitzer Prizes

Kc-star-hq
Star headquarters in the 1911 Jarvis Hunt designed building that is on the National Register of Historic Places

The newspaper has won eight Pulitzer Prizes:

Finalists

The newspaper has been a finalist twice for Pulitzers.

  • 1996 Pulitzer Prize – Finalist in Explanatory Journalism for work by Chris Lester and Jeffrey Spivak on impact of suburban growth.
  • 2018 Pulitzer Prize – Finalist in the Public Service category for the series "Why, so secret, Kansas?" that highlighted that Kansas in all levels is much more secretive in what it permits government to disclose than most states.[12][13] The series was initiated by Chick Howland and reported and written by Laura Bauer, Judy L. Thomas, Max Londberg, Kelsey Ryan, Bryan Lowry, Andy Marso, Steve Vockrodt and Hunter Woodall with photojournalist Jill Toyoshiba, growth editor Leah Becerra and artist/designer Neil Nakahodo and two editorials by Dave Helling included in the nomination The series noted that Kansas was already excessively secret but became more so under Governor Sam Brownback. After the publication Brownback's successor Jeff Colyer signed two executive orders loosening the restrictions and more than 24 bills were introduced into the Kansas Legislature to open up the government.[14]

Other awards

In 2018, the paper won the 2017 annual award in the Scripps Howard Foundation's First Amendment category, for its feature, “Why So Secret, Kansas?," on the topic of official state agency resistance to release of public records. Columnist Melinda Henneberger also won in the Opinion category.[15] It won the Distinguished Service to the First Amendment award. The judges' comments included: "The extraordinary series fought censorship, combated government secrecy and instilled in the public a new appreciation for their First Amendment rights. The series prompted swift and extensive changes through the state." Henneberger won the Opinion – Walker Stone Award: The judges commented: "Great columnists write so well that they transport readers to a different time and place, allowing readers to observe what the writer is seeing. … Good reporting and eloquence made Henneberger the clear winner in a competitive field."[16]

Notable past columnists

References

  1. ^ "More worrisome circulation figures for The Kansas City Star".
  2. ^ "Ernest Hemingway". The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  3. ^ "KansasCity.com | Star History". Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  4. ^ "Star History". KansasCity.com.
  5. ^ a b Gale Reference Team (2006). "Biography – Nelson, William Rockhill (1841–1915)"
  6. ^ Ray, Mrs. Sam (Mildred). "Kansas City Star Building". Missouri Valley Special Collections.
  7. ^ Harry Haskell (2007). Boss-Busters and Sin Hounds: Kansas City and Its "Star". Columbia: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-1769-1.
  8. ^ The Kansas City Journal-Post's Diamond Jubilee Section at UMKC
  9. ^ "Paper mill employees in 1971 were locked out for three months; current employees, community face uncertainties," Park Falls Herald, March 8, 2006 Registration is required to access this link.
  10. ^ Ford, Susan Jezak (1999). "Biography of Roy A. Roberts (1887–1967), Newspaperman". Missouri Valley Special Collections. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  11. ^ "The McClatchy Company". Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  12. ^ >"Finalist: The Kansas City Star". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  13. ^ "2018 Pulitzer Prizes". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  14. ^ Adler, Eric (April 16, 2018). "The Star honored by Pulitzer Prizes as finalist in public service". The Kansas City Star.
  15. ^ Scripps Howard Awards honor the best in journalism with finalists in 15 categories, Scripps Howard Foundation, Kari Wethington, February 27, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  16. ^ Scripps Howard Awards announce winners of top prizes, $170,000 in prize money, PR Newswire, March 6, 2018. Retrieved May 7, 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 39°5′34″N 94°34′51″W / 39.09278°N 94.58083°W

2016 Missouri lieutenant gubernatorial election

The 2016 Missouri gubernatorial election was held on November 8, 2016, to elect the Lieutenant Governor of Missouri, concurrently with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, as well as elections to the United States Senate and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

The primaries were held on August 2. Incumbent Republican Lieutenant Governor Peter Kinder did not seek re-election to a fourth term in office, instead unsuccessfully running for Governor of Missouri. State Senator Mike Parson and former U.S. Representative Russ Carnahan won the Republican and Democratic primaries, respectively.

2018 Kansas gubernatorial election

The 2018 Kansas gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the next Governor of Kansas. Democratic nominee Laura Kelly was elected, defeating Republican nominee Kris Kobach and an independent candidate, Greg Orman. Republican Governor Sam Brownback was term-limited and could not seek reelection to a third consecutive term, but can re-enter as a candidate in 2022. On July 26, 2017, Brownback was nominated by President Donald Trump to serve as United States Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom. Brownback was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 24, 2018. On January 31, 2018 Brownback resigned the governorship and Lieutenant Governor Jeff Colyer succeeded him. Colyer was eligible to seek a full term and announced his candidacy prior to becoming Governor of Kansas. In the August 7 primary, Colyer ran against CPA and incumbent Insurance Commissioner Ken Selzer, Topeka doctor and 2006 Republican Kansas gubernatorial nominee Jim Barnett, and Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach.

On August 7, 2018, Kobach defeated Colyer in the Republican gubernatorial primary by an initial margin of 191 votes, a lead that increased to 361 votes by August 14, although discrepancies in some counties needed resolution and provisional and absentee ballots may not have been counted in some counties. Colyer conceded the Republican nomination on August 14. Democratic State Senator Laura Kelly easily won the Democratic nomination. Independent Greg Orman, who finished second in the 2014 U.S. Senate race against incumbent Republican Pat Roberts, ran for governor, again as an independent candidate.Given that Kansas is the only state which has no gubernatorial statutory qualifications whatsoever in its constitution, seven teenagers, including one who has never even been to the state of Kansas, ran for the office in this election cycle. A debate took place on September 5 between the three candidates that consistently polled above 5%. Polls in late August had Kelly and Kobach running close with Orman polling in the single digits.Laura Kelly's win continued a streak of party turnover for Governor of Kansas, as Kansas has not elected two consecutive governors of the same party since William Avery won in 1964, and neither major party has held the governorship for longer than eight consecutive years since John McCuish left office in 1957.

Al Delugach

Albert Lawrence Delugach (October 27, 1925 – January 4, 2015) was an American Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter. He began his career with The Kansas City Star in 1951. He retired from his last newspaper, the Los Angeles Times, in 1989. In 1969, he shared the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting with fellow reporter Denny Walsh of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat for their campaign exposing corruption within a St. Louis labor union . In 1984, he shared the Gerald Loeb Award for Spot News for their coverage of the death of gold trader Alan D. Saxon.Delugach died of mesothelioma in January 2015 in Los Feliz, Los Angeles. He was 89.

Alvin McCoy

Alvin Scott McCoy (born July 14, 1903; died 1984) was an American journalist of The Kansas City Star who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1954 for local reporting and an outstanding work published the previous year about a series of articles that drove C. Wesley Roberts to resign his RNC chairmanship.

Bob Gretz

Bob Gretz is an American sportswriter and broadcaster. Gretz began covering sports in his hometown of Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania for The Punxsutawney Spirit newspaper. He moved on to Johnstown, Pennsylvania, where he worked for The Tribune-Democrat and covered the Pittsburgh Steelers on a daily basis. In 1981 Gretz started covering the Kansas City Chiefs as the Kansas City Star beat writer. His writing has been honored by the Associated Press Sports Editors (APSE) and the Pro Football Writers of America (PFWA). He joined the Chiefs Radio Network broadcast team in 1990 and was the pre-game host and sideline reporter until 2008. He is also the Kansas City representative on the Pro Football Hall of Fame selection committee. He graduated from Point Park College. He now has his own website, bobgretz.com, that covers the Chiefs, the NFL and the NFL Draft each year.

C. Wesley Roberts

Charles Wesley Roberts (December 14, 1902 – April 9, 1976) was a Kansas businessman who was Chairman of the Republican National Committee for four months in 1953 under Dwight D. Eisenhower.

C. Wesley Roberts (or Wes Roberts) was born in Oskaloosa, Kansas, where he died, the son of Daisy Marian (née Needham) and Francis Henry "Frank" Roberts. The Roberts family has published the smalltown weekly Oskaloosa Independent for more than a century.

He was the father of U.S. Senator Pat Roberts.

Alvin Scott McCoy of The Kansas City Star won a Pulitzer Prize in 1954 for local reporting for a series of articles that drove Roberts to resign his RNC chairmanship. Roberts was accused of collecting a $10,000 commission on the sale of a hospital to the State of Kansas which the state already owned.

Children's Mercy Park

Children's Mercy Park is a soccer-specific stadium in Kansas City, Kansas, United States, and is the home of Sporting Kansas City. The stadium is located near Kansas Speedway and it opened during the 2011 season of Major League Soccer on June 9, 2011 with a match against the Chicago Fire. The stadium has a seating capacity of 18,467 seats, which can expand to 25,000 for concerts. Most SKC games attract around 21,000 because of different stadium modes. The stadium is Sporting Kansas City's third home venue; then known as the Kansas City Wizards, the team played in Arrowhead Stadium from 1996 to 2007 and CommunityAmerica Ballpark from 2008 to 2010. In 2013, the stadium hosted the MLS All-Star Game, the United States men's national soccer team, and the MLS Cup, three of the most prestigious matches in the United States, and is the only stadium to host all three in the same year.

Hunter Dozier

Hunter William Dozier (born August 22, 1991) is an American professional baseball first baseman and outfielder for the Kansas City Royals of Major League Baseball (MLB). The Royals selected Dozier eighth overall in the first round of the 2013 MLB draft after he played college baseball at Stephen F. Austin State University. He made his MLB debut in 2016.

Jason Whitlock

Jason Lee Whitlock (born April 27, 1967) is a sports journalist. He co-hosts the daily sports TV show Speak For Yourself alongside Marcellus Wiley on Fox Sports 1. Whitlock is a former sportswriter for ESPN and a former columnist at the Kansas City Star, AOL Sports and Foxsports.com, as well as a radio personality for WHB and KCSP sports stations in the Kansas City area. Whitlock played Division I college football at Ball State as an offensive lineman.

Jeff Passan

Jeff Passan (born September 21, 1980) is a baseball columnist with ESPN (since January 2019), after a 13 year stint with Yahoo Sports, and author of New York Times Bestseller The Arm: Inside the Billion-Dollar Mystery of the Most Valuable Commodity in Sports. He is also co-author of Death to the BCS: The Definitive Case Against the Bowl Championship Series. Passan graduated from Syracuse University with a degree in journalism.After graduating from Solon High School in Ohio, Passan wrote for The Daily Orange at Syracuse University before covering Fresno State basketball. He began covering baseball in 2004 at The Kansas City Star, before moving to Yahoo! two years later. After 13 years at Yahoo (2006-18), he announced that he was joining ESPN's Baseball team from January 2019. He also does a mean Elmo impression as exhibited on The Dan LeBatard Show with Stugotz.

Jeff Taylor (journalist)

Jeffrey Taylor is an American journalist who won a Pulitzer Prize.

Joe McGuff

Joseph T. McGuff (August 15, 1926 – February 4, 2006) was an American journalist, author, and newspaper editor.

Born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, he attended Marquette University and served briefly in the United States Army before being discharged due to asthma. After first working for the Tulsa World, he joined the staff of The Kansas City Star in 1948. He became sports editor in 1966 and was named editor of the Star in 1986.

After the Kansas City Athletics departed for Oakland, California at the close of the 1967 season, McGuff played a major role in ensuring that Kansas City would gain a new franchise – the Kansas City Royals – in the 1969 expansion. He was named to the writers' wing of the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985, receiving the J. G. Taylor Spink Award. He served as president of the Associated Press Sports Editors and also the Baseball Writers' Association of America.

Named as Missouri's outstanding sportswriter five times by the National Association of Sportscasters and Sportswriters, he was chosen to throw out the first ball for the seventh game of the 1985 World Series between the Kansas City Royals and the St. Louis Cardinals. He was also the author of Why Me? Why Not Joe McGuff?.

A longtime civic leader, McGuff was among the lay Catholics who served on an independent review board in the 1990s to investigate allegations of sexual abuse in the Diocese of Kansas City-St. Joseph, with McGuff acting as board chairman. He also was a voter for the Baseball Hall of Fame

McGuff was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease) in 1999. A resident of Prairie Village, Kansas, he died there at age 79, survived by his wife Kay and six children. There is a legend that on his last days he dictated his Hall of Fame vote to his wife.In 2006, McGuff was posthumously honored by the Associated Press Sports Editors, who awarded him the Red Smith Award, the AP's top sports writing honor.

Joe Posnanski

Joe Posnanski (; nicknamed "Poz" and "Joe Po"; born January 8, 1967) is an American sports journalist. A former senior columnist for Sports Illustrated (where he wrote a blog, Curiously Long Posts) and columnist for The Kansas City Star, he currently is the national columnist for MLB.com and also writes for his personal blog, Joe Blog.

KSHB-TV

KSHB-TV, virtual channel 41 (UHF digital channel 36), is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Kansas City, Missouri, United States and serving the Kansas City metropolitan area. The station is owned by the E. W. Scripps Company, as part of a duopoly with Lawrence, Kansas-licensed independent station KMCI-TV (channel 38). The two stations share studios on Oak Street in southern Kansas City, Missouri, and transmitter facilities at the Blue River Greenway in the city's Hillcrest section. On cable, KSHB is available on Charter Spectrum, Consolidated Communications and Google Fiber channel 13, Comcast Xfinity channel 8, and AT&T U-verse channel 41.

KSHB-TV also serves as an alternate NBC affiliate for the St. Joseph market (which borders the northern portions of the Kansas City Designated Market Area), as its transmitter produces a city-grade signal that reaches St. Joseph proper and rural areas in the market's central and southern counties. KSHB had previously served as the default NBC affiliate for St. Joseph from its assumption of the Kansas City affiliation rights from WDAF-TV (channel 4) in September 1994, until locally based KNPG-LD (channel 21) switched its primary affiliation from The CW to NBC on November 1, 2016.Though the station remains available on Suddenlink Communications and smaller cable providers in St. Joseph, duplicate NBC network programs carried by KSHB are blacked out on the station's cable channel slots within that market out of exclusivity to KNPG, in compliance with regulations imposed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) that allow local television stations to require cable systems to black out network programs shown on out-of-market stations that the provider also carries if a station holds the exclusive local affiliation rights.

KWOD

KWOD is a sports talk station that broadcasts at 1660 kHz in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area. KWOD is owned by Entercom. Its transmitter is in Westwood, Kansas, and studios are located in Mission, Kansas.

The classical music format that the station is well known for started in September 1953 as KXTR on the FM dial, at 96.5 MHz. As FM became the preferred band for popular music, revenue declined. On August 17, 2000, Entercom moved KXTR to 1250 kHz on the AM band to establish a new pop station, KRBZ, which has since shifted to an alternative rock format. On June 13, 2001, KXTR moved to the new 1660 AM frequency.For a brief period in 2007, the station used the calls WDAF, which formerly belonged to AM sister KCSP.

During the 2009 and 2010 summer months, KXTR played Motor Racing Network coverage of NASCAR Sprint cup night events, which may have been a simulcast from sister station KCSP, which already carried both Motor Racing Network and the Performance Racing Network. (Rival WHB had announced it would air MRN races in 2011.) KXTR is also the home of the Kansas City T-Bones, an independent minor league baseball team in Kansas City, KS.

The call letters were changed to KUDL on March 31, 2011; the call letters were transferred from what is now KMBZ-FM. KRBZ's HD2 channel offered a simulcast of KUDL's programming; as KXTR, this was offered on (the previous) KUDL.The classical format ended at 11 a.m. on March 1, 2012 (4 days earlier than originally announced), in favor of an all-business format, including programming from Bloomberg Radio and Wall Street Journal Radio Network. With the flip, the station adopted the branding "The KMBZ Business Channel," serving as a brand extension of KMBZ (980 AM and 98.1 FM); the two stations also began to share resources. KUDL's music library was then donated to Kansas Public Radio, based in nearby Lawrence. On April 7, 2014, as part of another warehousing move, Entercom swapped the KUDL call letters with sister station KWOD in Sacramento.

On September 8, 2015, KWOD flipped to sports talk, branded as "1660 The Score." KWOD airs Fox Sports Radio during the day and CBS Sports Radio at night, and will serve as a national complement to locally focused sister KCSP.

Kansas City Times

The Kansas City Times was a morning newspaper in Kansas City, Missouri, that was published from 1867 to 1990.

The morning Kansas City Times, under ownership of afternoon The Kansas City Star, won two Pulitzer Prizes and was bigger than its parent when its name was changed to The Star.

MLS Cup 2004

MLS Cup 2004 was the ninth edition of the MLS Cup, the championship match of Major League Soccer (MLS), which took place on November 14, 2004, at the Home Depot Center in Carson, California. It was contested between D.C. United and the Kansas City Wizards to decide the champion of the 2004 season. The two teams had qualified for the playoffs after seasons with mixed results that ended in top-two finishes in their respective conferences.

D.C. United won the match 3–2, scoring all three of its goals in a seven-minute span during the first half after the Wizards had taken an early lead. Alecko Eskandarian was named the match MVP for scoring the first two goals for D.C., one of which included an alleged handball that was uncalled. The 2004 final featured the first red card in MLS Cup history, awarded for a handball which resulted in a penalty kick for Kansas City's second goal. It was D.C. United's fourth MLS Cup title and their first since 1999, and manager Peter Nowak became the first person to win the MLS Cup as a player and coach.

Michael Sam

Michael Alan Sam, Jr. (born January 7, 1990) is an American former defensive end in American and Canadian football. He played college football for the University of Missouri and was drafted by the St. Louis Rams of the National Football League (NFL) in the seventh round of the 2014 NFL draft.

Sam was a consensus All-American and the Southeastern Conference (SEC) Defensive Player of the Year as a senior at Missouri. After completing his college football career, Sam publicly came out as gay. He became the first publicly gay player to be drafted in the NFL. The Rams cut him during the final preseason roster cutdowns. He also spent time on the Dallas Cowboys' practice squad before being waived. He signed with the Montreal Alouettes before the 2015 season, and became the first publicly gay player to play in the Canadian Football League (CFL).

WDAF-FM

WDAF-FM is a country music radio station based in Kansas City, Missouri, branded as "106-5 The Wolf". Owned by Entercom Communications, the station is licensed to Liberty, Missouri and broadcasts at 106.5 MHz with an ERP of 100,000 watts. Its transmitter is located in east Kansas City, and studios are located in Mission, Kansas.

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