The Hound of the Baskervilles is the third of the four crime novels written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle featuring the detective Sherlock Holmes. Originally serialised in The Strand Magazine from August 1901 to April 1902, it is set largely on Dartmoor in Devon in England's West Country and tells the story of an attempted murder inspired by the legend of a fearsome, diabolical hound of supernatural origin. Sherlock Holmes and his companion Dr. Watson investigate the case. This was the first appearance of Holmes since his apparent death in "The Final Problem", and the success of The Hound of the Baskervilles led to the character's eventual revival.
One of the most famous stories ever written, in 2003, the book was listed as number 128 of 200 on the BBC's The Big Read poll of the UK's "best-loved novel." In 1999, it was listed as the top Holmes novel, with a perfect rating from Sherlockian scholars of 100.
|The Hound of the Baskervilles|
Cover of the first edition
|Author||Arthur Conan Doyle|
|Cover artist||Alfred Garth Jones|
|Preceded by||The Final Problem (last story of The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes)|
|Followed by||The Return of Sherlock Holmes|
|Text||The Hound of the Baskervilles at Wikisource|
Dr. James Mortimer asks Sherlock Holmes for advice after his friend Sir Charles Baskerville was found dead in the park surrounding his manor, in the moors of Devonshire. The death was attributed to a heart attack but, according to Mortimer, Sir Charles's face retained an expression of horror and not far from the corpse the footprints of a gigantic hound were clearly visible. According to an old legend, a curse runs in the Baskerville family since the time of the English Civil War, when a Sir Hugo Baskerville abducted and murdered a woman in the mires of Dartmoor, only to be killed in turn by a huge demonic hound. Allegedly the same creature has been haunting the place ever since, causing the premature death of many Baskerville heirs. Sir Charles believed in the plague of the hound and so does Mr. Mortimer, who now fears for the next in line Sir Henry Baskerville.
Even though he dismisses the whole curse story as nonsense, Holmes agrees to meet Sir Henry in London as soon as the latter arrives from Canada, where his branch of the family had moved in the past. The man is a young and jovial good-looking fellow, skeptical toward the grim legend and eager to take possession of Baskerville Hall, even if he's just found an anonymous note in the mail, warning him to stay away from the moor. When someone tries to shoot Sir Henry while he's walking down a street, however, Holmes asks Watson to go with the young man and Mortimer to Dartmooor, in order to protect Sir Henry and search for any clue about who's menacing his life.
The trio arrives to Baskerville Hall, an old and imposing manor in the middle of a vast park, managed by a butler and his wife the housekeeper. The estate is surrounded by the moor and borders the Grimpen Mire, where animals and humans can sink to death in quicksand. The news that a convict has escaped from the local penitentiary and is hiding on the nearby hills, add up to the barren landscape and the gloomy atmosphere.
Inexplicable events happen during the first night, keeping the guests awake and only in the daylight Watson and Sir Henry can relax while exploring the neighborhood and meet the scarce but peculiar residents of Dartmoor. Watson keeps on searching for any lead to the identity of whoever's attempting to Sir Henry's life and faithfully wires the details of his investigation to Holmes. Among the others stand out the Stapletons, brother and sister; the man is overfriendly and a bit too curious toward the newly arrived, while the woman, a rare beauty, seems all too weary of the place.
Distant howls and strange sightings trouble Watson during his long walks on the hills, and his mood gets no better even inside Baskerville Hall. The doctor grows suspicious of the butler, who at night acts like he was signaling to someone in the moor with a candle from a window of the house. In the meantime Sir Henry is drawn to Ms. Stapleton, who seems to be afraid of her brother's opinion on the matter. To make the puzzle more complex there are Mr. Mortimer, maybe too eager to convince Sir Henry that the curse is real, an old and grumpy neighbour, who likes to pry with his telescope into other people's houses, a beautiful woman with unclear ties to Sir Charles and even a bearded man roaming free in the hills and apparently hiding on a tor where ancient tombs have been excavated by Mr. Stapleton for unclear purpose.
For all the good Watson's efforts, it will be Sherlock Holmes in person to connect all the clues and solve the mystery, but not before the spectral hound kills again.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote this story shortly after returning to his home Undershaw from South Africa, where he had worked as a volunteer physician at the Langman Field Hospital in Bloemfontein at the time of the Second Boer War.
Conan Doyle had not written about Sherlock Holmes in eight years, having killed off the character in the 1893 story "The Final Problem". Although The Hound of the Baskervilles is set before the latter events, two years later Conan Doyle would bring Holmes back for good, explaining in "The Adventure of the Empty House" that Holmes had faked his own death.
His ideas came from the legend of Richard Cabell (d.1677), of Brook Hall, in the parish of Buckfastleigh, Devon, which was the fundamental inspiration for the Baskerville tale of a hellish hound and a cursed country squire. Cabell's tomb survives in the village of Buckfastleigh.
Squire Richard Cabell lived for hunting and was what in those days was described as a 'monstrously evil man'. He gained this reputation for, amongst other things, immorality and having sold his soul to the Devil. There was also a rumour that he had murdered his wife, Elizabeth Fowell, a daughter of Sir Edmund Fowell, 1st Baronet (1593–1674), of Fowelscombe. On 5 July 1677, he died and was laid to rest in the sepulchre. The night of his interment saw a phantom pack of hounds come baying across the moor to howl at his tomb. From that night on, he could be found leading the phantom pack across the moor, usually on the anniversary of his death. If the pack were not out hunting, they could be found ranging around his grave howling and shrieking. In an attempt to lay the soul to rest, the villagers built a large building around the tomb, and to be doubly sure a huge slab was placed.
Moreover, Devon's folklore includes tales of a fearsome supernatural dog known as the Yeth hound that Conan Doyle may have heard.
It is believed by Weller (2002) that Baskerville Hall is based on one of three possible houses on or near Dartmoor, namely Fowelscombe in the parish of Ugborough, the seat of the Fowell Baronets; Hayford Hall, near Buckfastleigh (also owned by John King (d.1861) of Fowelscombe) and Brook Hall, in the parish of Buckfastleigh, about two miles east of Hayford, the actual home of Richard Cabell (d.1677), husband of Elizabeth Fowell. It has also been claimed that Baskerville Hall is based on a property in Mid Wales, built in 1839 by one Thomas Mynors Baskerville. The house was formerly named Clyro Court and was renamed Baskerville Hall towards the end of the last century. Arthur Conan Doyle was apparently a family friend who often stayed there and may have been aware of a local legend of the hound of the Baskervilles.
Still other tales claim that Conan Doyle was inspired by his time on holiday in North Norfolk, where the tale of Black Shuck is well known. The pre-Gothic Cromer Hall, where Conan Doyle stayed, also closely resembles Doyle's vivid descriptions of Baskerville Hall.
James Lynam Molloy, a friend of Doyle's, and author of 'Love's Old Sweet Song', married Florence Baskerville, daughter of Henry Baskerville of Crowsley Park,Oxfordshire. The gates to the park had statues of hell hounds, spears through their mouths. Above the lintel there was another statue of a hell hound.
In 1902, Doyle's original manuscript of the book was broken up into individual leaves as part of a promotional campaign by Doyle's American publisher - they were used as part of window displays by individual booksellers. Out of an estimated 185-190 leaves, only 36 are known to still exist, including all the leaves from Chapter 11, held by the New York Public Library. Other leaves are owned by university libraries and private collectors. A newly rediscovered example was sold at auction in 2012 for US$158,500.
The novel uses many traditional novelistic techniques which had been largely abandoned by the time of writing, such as letters, diary extracts, interpolated manuscripts, and the like, as seen in the works of Henry Fielding and, later, Wilkie Collins. It incorporates five plots: the ostensible 'curse' story, the two red-herring subplots concerning Selden and the other stranger living on the moor, the actual events occurring to Baskerville as narrated by Watson, and the hidden plot to be discovered by Holmes. Doyle wrote that the novel was originally conceived as a straight 'Victorian creeper' (as seen in the works of J. Sheridan Le Fanu), with the idea of introducing Holmes as the deus ex machina only arising later.
The Hound of the Baskervilles was first serialized in The Strand Magazine in 1901. It was well-suited for this type of publication, as individual chapters end in cliffhangers. It was printed in the form of a novel the following year.
The Hound of the Baskervilles has been adapted for many media.
Over 20 film and television versions of The Hound of the Baskervilles have been made.
|1914||Der Hund von Baskerville, 1. Teil||German Empire||Rudolf Meinert||Alwin Neuß||None|
|1914||Der Hund von Baskerville, 2. Teil — Das einsame Haus|
|1914||Der Hund von Baskerville, 3. Teil — Das unheimliche Zimmer||Richard Oswald|
|1915||Der Hund von Baskerville, 4. Teil|
|1920||Das dunkle Schloß||Weimar Republic||Willy Zeyn||Eugen Burg||None|
|1920||Das Haus ohne Fenster||Erich Kaiser-Titz|
|1920||Dr. MacDonalds Sanatorium|
|1921||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United Kingdom||Maurice Elvey||Eille Norwood||Hubert Willis|
|1929||Der Hund von Baskerville||Weimar Republic||Richard Oswald||Carlyle Blackwell||George Seroff|
|1932||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United Kingdom||Gareth Gundrey||Robert Rendel||Frederick Lloyd|
|1937||The Hound of the Baskervilles||Nazi Germany||Carl Lamac||Bruno Güttner||Fritz Odemar|
|1939||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United States||Sidney Lanfield||Basil Rathbone||Nigel Bruce|
|1951||Jighansa||India||Ajoy Kar||Sishir Batabyal as Detective Smarajit Sen||?|
|1955||Der Hund von Baskerville||West Germany||Fritz Umgelter||Wolf Ackva||Arnulf Schröder|
|1959||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United Kingdom||Terence Fisher||Peter Cushing||André Morell|
|1962||Bees Saal Baad(based on H. K. Roy's Nishachari Bibhishika, the Bengali adaptation of The Hound of the Baskervilles.)||India||Biren Nag||Asit Sen
(as Detective Gopichand)
|1968||Sherlock Holmes - "The Hound of the Baskervilles"||United Kingdom||Graham Evans||Peter Cushing||Nigel Stock|
|1968||Sherlock Holmes - "L'ultimo dei Baskerville"||Italy||Guglielmo Morandi||Nando Gazzolo||Gianni Bonagura|
|1971||The Hound of the Baskervilles (Собака Баскервилей)||USSR||A. F. Zinovieva||Nikolay Volkov||Lev Krugliy|
|1972||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United States||Barry Crane||Stewart Granger||Bernard Fox|
|1978||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United Kingdom||Paul Morrissey||Peter Cook||Dudley Moore|
|1981||The Hound of the Baskervilles (Собака Баскервилей)||USSR||Igor Maslennikov||Vasilij Livanov||Vitali Solomin|
|1982||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United Kingdom||Peter Duguid||Tom Baker||Terence Rigby|
|1983||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United Kingdom||Douglas Hickox||Ian Richardson||Donald Churchill|
|1983||Sherlock Holmes and the Baskerville Curse||Australia||Ian McKenzie & Alex Nicholas||Peter O'Toole (voice)||Earle Cross (voice)|
|1988||The Return of Sherlock Holmes - "The Hound of the Baskervilles"||United Kingdom||Brian Mills||Jeremy Brett||Edward Hardwicke|
|1995||Wishbone - "The Slobbery Hound"||United States||Fred Holmes||"Wishbone"
(Soccer the Dog, voice of Larry Brantley)
|1999||Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century - "The Hounds of the Baskervilles"||United States, United Kingdom||Robert Brousseau, Scott Heming||Jason Gray-Stanford||John Payne|
|2000||The Hound of the Baskervilles||Canada||Rodney Gibbons||Matt Frewer||Kenneth Welsh|
|2002||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United Kingdom||David Attwood||Richard Roxburgh||Ian Hart|
|2012||Sherlock - "The Hounds of Baskerville"||United Kingdom||Paul McGuigan||Benedict Cumberbatch||Martin Freeman|
|2015||The Adventure of Henry Baskerville and a Dog
(Basukaviru kun to inu no bōken,
|Japan||Michiyo Morita||Kōichi Yamadera (voice)||Wataru Takagi (voice)|
|2016||Elementary - "Hounded"||United States||Robert Hewitt Wolfe||Jonny Lee Miller||Lucy Liu|
The Hound of the Baskervilles has been adapted for radio for the BBC by Bert Coules on two occasions. The first starred Roger Rees as Holmes and Crawford Logan as Watson and was broadcast in 1988 on BBC Radio 4. Following its good reception, Coules proposed further radio adaptations, which eventually led to an entire dramatisation of the canon for radio, starring Clive Merrison as Holmes and Michael Williams as Watson. The second adaptation of The Hound of the Baskervilles, featuring this pairing, was broadcast in 1998, and also featured Judi Dench as Mrs Hudson and Donald Sinden as Sir Charles Baskerville.
In 2014 L.A. Theatre Works released their production, starring Seamus Dever as Holmes, Geoffrey Arend as Watson, James Marsters as Sir Henry, Sarah Drew as Beryl Stapleton, Wilson Bethel as Stapleton, Henri Lubatti as Dr. Mortimer, Christopher Neame as Sir Charles & Frankland, Moira Quirk as Mrs. Hudson & Mrs. Barrymore, and Darren Richardson as Barrymore.
In 2007, Peepolykus Theatre Company premiered a new adaptation of The Hound of the Baskervilles at West Yorkshire Playhouse in Leeds. Adapted by John Nicholson and Steven Canny, the production involves only three actors and was praised by critics for its physical comedy. Following a UK tour, it transferred to the Duchess Theatre in London's West End. The Daily Telegraph described it as a 'wonderfully delightful spoof', whilst The Sunday Times praised its 'mad hilarity that will make you feel quite sane'. This adaptation continues to be presented by both amateur and professional companies around the world.
Ken Ludwig authored an adaptation entitled Baskerville: A Sherlock Holmes Mystery which premiered as a co-production at Arena Stage (Washington, D.C.) in January 2015 and McCarter Theatre Center in March 2015.
The Hound of Baskervilles serves as the primary inspiration for the final case in Dai Gyakuten Saiban: Naruhodō Ryūnosuke no Bōken in which the protagonist teams up with Sherlock Holmes to investigate mysteries based on various entries in the Holmes chronology.
Sherlock Holmes and the Hound of the Baskervilles is a casual game by Frogwares. It departs from the original plot by introducing clear supernatural elements. Despite its non-canonical plot, it received good reviews.
Der Hund von Baskerville is a 1914 German silent film adaptation of Arthur Conan Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles. This was the first film adaptation of the famed Conan Doyle novel. According to the website silentera.com, the film was considered lost, but has been rediscovered; the Russian Gosfilmofond film archive possesses a print, while the Filmmuseum München has a 35mm positive print.Kabukichō Sherlock
Kabukichō Sherlock (歌舞伎町シャーロック) is an upcoming anime television series produced by Production I.G which is set to premiere in October 2019.Sherlock Holmes (1968 TV series)
Sherlock Holmes is an Italian 1968 television series featuring Nando Gazzolo as Sherlock Holmes and Gianni Bonagura as Dr. Watson.
The series aired on Secondo Programma from 25 October to 29 November 1968 and is formed by six episodes: the first three episodes adapt The Valley of Fear while the last three episodes adapt The Hound of the Baskervilles. Each episode is about one hour long.Sherlock Holmes and the Baskerville Curse
Sherlock Holmes and the Baskerville Curse is a 1983 Australian animated television film directed by Eddie Graham. It is an adaptation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel The Hound of the Baskervilles (1901-1902), the third of his novels featuring Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson.Sherlock Holmes and the Leading Lady
Sherlock Holmes and the Leading Lady and its sequel, Incident at Victoria Falls (1992), were a pair of two TV films made in 1991 under the banner Sherlock Holmes the Golden Years. Harry Alan Towers was executive producer and Bob Shayne was the writer, on both.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1921 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 1921 British mystery film directed by Maurice Elvey and starring Eille Norwood, Catina Campbell and Rex McDougall. It is based on the Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of the Baskervilles by Arthur Conan Doyle. It was made by Stoll Pictures, Britain's largest film company at the time. It was the first British film adaptation of the famous novel.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1929 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles
(German: Der Hund von Baskerville) is a 1929 German silent mystery film directed by Richard Oswald and starring Carlyle Blackwell, Alexander Murski, Livio Pavanelli. The film is an adaptation of the Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of the Baskervilles by Arthur Conan Doyle. It was the last Sherlock Holmes adaptation in the silent film era.In 2009, a tape with this film (and other lost films of the silent cinema era) was discovered in the basement of the church in Sosnowiec, Poland.
In 2019, Flicker Alley released the film, digitally restored on DVD and Blu-Ray, along with the 1914 version.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1932 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 1932 British mystery film directed by Gareth Gundrey and starring John Stuart, Robert Rendel and Frederick Lloyd. It is based on the novel The Hound of the Baskervilles by Arthur Conan Doyle, in which Sherlock Holmes is called in to investigate a suspicious death on Dartmoor. It was made by Gainsborough Pictures. The screenplay was written by Edgar Wallace.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1937 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles (German: Der Hund von Baskerville ) is a 1937 German mystery film directed by Carl Lamac and starring Peter Voss, Fritz Odemar and Fritz Rasp. It is an adaptation of the Sherlock Holmes's story The Hound of the Baskervilles by Arthur Conan Doyle.The film's sets were designed by the art director Wilhelm Depenau and Karl Vollbrecht.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1939 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 1939 mystery film based on the novel The Hound of the Baskervilles by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. It was directed by Sidney Lanfield and released by 20th Century-Fox.It is among the best-known cinematic adaptations of the book, and is often regarded as one of the best.
The film stars Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes, Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson and Richard Greene as Henry Baskerville, Wendy Barrie as Beryl Stapleton. Fox was unsure of the potential of a film about Sherlock Holmes, so top billing went to Richard Greene and not to Rathbone.
The Hound of the Baskervilles marks the first of the fourteen Sherlock Holmes films starring Rathbone and Bruce as Holmes and Watson, respectively. It is also notable as the earliest known Sherlock Holmes film to be set in the Victorian period of the original stories all known previous Holmes films, up to and including the 1930s British film series starring Arthur Wontner as Holmes, had been updated to a setting contemporaneous with the films' release.
Lionel Atwill returned as Moriarty in Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1942) and Morton Lowry in Pursuit to Algiers (1945) as Sanford. Mary Gordon was in ten films of the series.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 1959 British gothic horror mystery film directed by Terence Fisher and produced by Hammer Film Productions. It is based on the novel of the same title by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. It stars Peter Cushing as Sherlock Holmes, Sir Christopher Lee as Sir Henry Baskerville and André Morell as Doctor Watson. It is the first film adaptation of the novel to be filmed in colour.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1972 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 1972 American made-for-television mystery film directed by Barry Crane and starring Stewart Granger as Sherlock Holmes and Bernard Fox as Doctor Watson. The movie is based on Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of the Baskervilles.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1978 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 1978 British comedy film spoofing The Hound of the Baskervilles by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. It starred Peter Cook as Sherlock Holmes and Dudley Moore as Dr. Watson. A number of other well-known British comedy actors appeared in the film including Terry-Thomas (in his final screen appearance), Kenneth Williams and Denholm Elliott.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1981 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles (Russian: Приключения Шерлока Холмса и доктора Ватсона: Собака Баскервилей), is a 1981 Soviet television film adaptation of Arthur Conan Doyle's novel The Hound of the Baskervilles. It was the third installment in the TV series about adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson.The Hound of the Baskervilles (1983 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles (a.k.a. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles) is a 1983 British made-for-television mystery film directed by Douglas Hickox, starring Ian Richardson as Sherlock Holmes and Donald Churchill as Dr. John H. Watson. It is based on Arthur Conan Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles.The Hound of the Baskervilles (2000 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles (2000) is a Canadian television film directed by Rodney Gibbons and starring Matt Frewer and Kenneth Welsh. The film is based on Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel of the same name.The Hound of the Baskervilles (2002 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 2002 television adaptation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel of the same name.The Hound of the Baskervilles (TV serial)
The Hound of the Baskervilles (1982) is a British television serial made by the BBC, produced by Barry Letts, directed by Peter Duguid and starring Tom Baker as Sherlock Holmes and Terence Rigby as Doctor Watson. The serial is based on Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of the Baskervilles. The music score was composed and conducted by Carl Davis.The Royal Scandal
The Royal Scandal is a Sherlock Holmes film which is an amalgam of "A Scandal in Bohemia" and "The Bruce-Partington Plans". The film was produced in 2001 for The Hallmark Channel as part of an ongoing series of Hallmark Sherlock Holmes films.