The Hollywood Reporter

The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is an American digital and print magazine, and website, which focuses on the Hollywood film, television, and entertainment industries. It was founded in 1930 as a daily trade paper, and in 2010 switched to a weekly large-format print magazine with a revamped website.

Headquartered in Los Angeles, THR is part of the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a group of properties that includes Billboard and SpinMedia. It is owned by Valence Media, a holding company co-founded by Todd Boehly, an executive of its previous owners, Guggenheim Partners and Eldridge Industries.[1]

The Hollywood Reporter
Hollywood Reporter June 2018
Damien Chazelle on the August 2018 cover
Editorial DirectorMatthew Belloni
CategoriesEntertainment
FrequencyWeekly
PublisherLynne Segall
First issueSeptember 3, 1930
CompanyBillboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group
(Valence Media)
CountryUnited States
Based inLos Angeles, California, U.S.
LanguageEnglish
Websitehollywoodreporter.com
ISSN0018-3660

History

Early years

THR was founded in 1930 by William R. "Billy" Wilkerson (1890–1962) as Hollywood's first daily entertainment trade newspaper.[2] The first edition appeared on September 3, 1930 and featured Wilkerson's front-page "Tradeviews" column, which became influential. The newspaper appeared Monday to Saturday for the first 10 years, except for a brief period, then Monday to Friday from 1940. Wilkerson ran the THR until his death in September 1962, although his final column appeared 18 months prior.[3] Wilkerson's wife, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel, took over as publisher and editor-in-chief when her husband died.

Hollywood blacklist

From the late 1930s, Wilkerson used THR to push the view that the industry was a communist stronghold. In particular, he opposed the screenplay writers' trade union, the Screen Writers Guild, which he called the "Red Beachhead."[4][5] In 1946 the Guild considered creating an American Authors' Authority to hold copyright for writers, instead of ownership passing to the studios. Wilkerson devoted his "Tradeviews" column to the issue on July 29, 1946, headlined "A Vote for Joe Stalin." He went to confession before publishing it, knowing the damage it would cause, but was apparently encouraged by the priest to go ahead with it.[4][6]

The column contained the first industry names, including Dalton Trumbo and Howard Koch, on what became the Hollywood blacklist, known as "Billy's list." Eight of the 11 people Wilkerson named were among the "Hollywood Ten" who were blacklisted after hearings in 1947 by the House Un-American Activities Committee.[4][7] When Wilkerson died, his THR obituary said that he had "named names, pseudonyms and card numbers and was widely credited with being chiefly responsible for preventing communists from becoming entrenched in Hollywood production."[4]

In 1997, THR reporter David Robb wrote a story about the newspaper's involvement, but the editor, Robert J. Dowling, declined to run it. For the blacklist's 65th anniversary in 2012, the THR published a lengthy investigative piece about Wilkerson's role, by reporters Gary Baum and Daniel Miller.[4] The same edition carried an apology from Wilkerson's son W. R. Wilkerson III. He wrote that his father had been motivated by revenge for his thwarted ambition to own a studio.[8]

1988–2008

On April 11, 1988, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel sold the paper to BPI Communications, owned by Affiliated Publications, for $26.7 million.[9] Robert J. Dowling became THR president in 1988, and editor-in-chief and publisher in 1991.[3] Dowling hired Alex Ben Block as editor in 1990. Block and Teri Ritzer dampened much of the sensationalism and cronyism that was prominent in the paper under the Wilkersons. In 1994, BPI Communications was sold to Verenigde Nederlandse Uitgeverijen (VNU) for $220 million.[10]

After Block left, former Variety film editor, Anita Busch, became editor between 1999 and 2001. Busch was credited with making the paper competitive with Variety. Tony Uphoff assumed the publisher position in November 2005. In March 2006, a private equity consortium led by Blackstone and KKR, both with ties to the conservative movement in the United States, acquired THR along with the other assets of VNU.[11] It joined those publications with AdWeek and A.C. Nielsen to form The Nielsen Company.[12]

2009–present

In December 2009, Prometheus Global Media, a newly formed company formed by Pluribus Capital Management and Guggenheim Partners, and chaired by Jimmy Finkelstein, CEO of News Communications, parent of political journal The Hill, acquired THR from Nielsen Business Media. It pledged to invest in the brand and grow the company. Richard Beckman, formerly of Condé Nast, was appointed as CEO.

In 2010, Beckman purchased THR from Guggenheim Partners and Pluribus Capital, and recruited Min, the former editor-in-chief of Us Weekly, to "eviscerate" the existing daily trade paper and reinvent it as a glossy, large-format weekly magazine.[13][14] The Hollywood Reporter relaunched with a weekly print edition and a revamped website that enabled it to break news. Eight months after its initial report, The New York Times took note of the many scoops THR had generated, adding that the new glossy format seemed to be succeeding with its "rarefied demographic", stating, "They managed to change the subject by going weekly... The large photos, lush paper stock and great design are a kind of narcotic here."[15]

By February 2013, the Times returned to THR, filing a report on a party for Academy Award nominees the magazine had hosted at the Los Angeles restaurant Spago. Noting the crowd of top celebrities in attendance, the Times alluded to the fact that many Hollywood insiders were now referring to THR as "the new Vanity Fair". Ad sales since Min's hiring were up more than 50%, while traffic to the magazine's website had grown by 800%.[16]

Since January 2014, The Hollywood Reporter has been led by co-presidents Janice Min and John Amato.[17][18]

Ownership changes

John Kilcullen replaced Uphoff in October 2006, as publisher of Billboard.[19][20][21] Kilcullen was a defendant in Billboard's infamous "dildo" lawsuit, in which he was accused of race discrimination and sexual harassment.[11] VNU settled the suit on the courthouse steps.[22] Kilcullen "exited" Nielsen in February 2008 "to pursue his passion as an entrepreneur."[23] Matthew King, vice president for content and audience, editorial director Howard Burns, and executive editor Peter Pryor left the paper in a wave of layoffs in December 2006; editor Cynthia Littleton, widely respected throughout the industry, reported directly to Kilcullen. The Reporter absorbed another blow when Littleton left her position for an editorial job at Variety in March 2007. Web editor Glenn Abel also left after 16 years with the paper.[24]

Guggenheim Partners announced on December 17, 2015 that it would sell the Prometheus media properties to its executive Todd Boehly.[25][26][27] The company was sold to Eldridge Industries in February 2017.[28][29] On February 1, 2018, Eldridge Industries announced the merger of its media properties with Media Rights Capital to form Valence Media.[30][31]

Editors and publishers

JaniceMin
Janice Min, THR editor since 2010

THR's editors have included Janice Min (2010–2017), Elizabeth Guider (2007–2010), Cynthia Littleton (2005–2007), Howard Burns (2001–2006), Anita Busch (1999–2001), and Alex Ben Block (1990–1999).

In April 2007, industry veteran Eric Mika was named to the newly created role of Senior Vice President, Publishing Director of The Reporter. Having previously served as Senior Vice President and Managing Director of Nielsen Business Media's Film and Performing Arts Group and, before that, as Vice President and Managing Director for Variety, Mika assumed responsibility for the general management of sales, marketing and editorial for The Hollywood Reporter, as well as the brand's ancillary products, events, licensing business and partnerships.[32]

In June 2007, Rose Einstein, former Vice President, Advertising Sales for Netflix and 25-year veteran of Reed Business Media, was named to the newly created role of Vice President, Associate Publisher to oversee all sales and business development for The Reporter. She left that position in June 2009.[33] Mika left THR in early 2010.

In July 2007, THR named Elizabeth Guider as its new editor. An 18-year veteran of Variety, where she served as Executive Editor, Guider assumed responsibility for the editorial vision and strategic direction of The Hollywood Reporter's daily and weekly editions, digital content offerings and executive conferences. After nearly running the publication into the ground, Guider left The Hollywood Reporter in early 2010.[34]

In April 2010, Lori Burgess was named as publisher. Burgess had been publisher of OK! magazine since October 2008. Michaela Apruzzese was named associate publisher, entertainment in May 2010.[35] Apruzzese previously served as the director of movie advertising for Los Angeles Times Media Group.

In May 2010, Janice Min was named Editorial Director. In January 2014, she was promoted to President/Chief Creative Officer with additional oversight of THR's sister brand, Billboard.[36] Lynne Segall, former vice president and associate publisher, was named publisher and senior vice president in June 2011.[37]

In February 2017, Min announced she was stepping down from her role as President/Chief Creative Officer overseeing The Hollywood Reporter and Billboard to take on a new role at parent company. Simultaneously, it was announced that longtime executive editor Matthew Belloni would take over as Editorial Director.[38]

Editions

Print

The weekly print edition of The Hollywood Reporter includes profiles, original photography and interviews with entertainment figures; articles about major upcoming releases and product launches; film reviews and film festival previews; coverage of the latest industry deals, TV ratings, box-office figures and analysis of global entertainment business trends and indicators; photos essays and reports from premieres and other red-carpet events; and the latest on Hollywood fashion and lifestyle.

Website

The Reporter published a primitive "satellite" digital edition in the late 1980s. It became the first daily entertainment trade paper to start a website in 1995.[39] Initially, the site offered free news briefs with complete coverage firewalled as a premium paid service. In later years, the website became mostly free as it became more reliant on ad sales and less on subscribers. The website had already gone through a redesign by the time competitor Variety took to the web in 1998. In 2002, the Reporter's website won the Jesse H. Neal Award for business journalism. In November 2013, The Hollywood Reporter launched the style site Pret-a-Reporter.[40]

THR.com, The Hollywood Reporter's website, re-launched in 2010, offers breaking entertainment news, reviews and blogs; original video content (and film and TV clips) and photo galleries; plus in-depth movie, television, music, awards, style, technology and business coverage. As of August 2013, Comscore measured 12 million unique visitors per month to the site.[41]

Editors and reporters

The Hollywood Reporter has a staff of roughly 150. In addition to hiring Eric Mika, Rose Eintstein and Elizabeth Guider, the Reporter hired the following staff in 2007:

  • Todd Cunningham, former assistant managing editor of the LA Business Journal, as National Editor for The Hollywood Reporter: Premier Edition
  • Steven Zeitchik as Senior Writer, based in New York, where he provide news analysis and features for the Premiere Edition
  • Melissa Grego, former managing editor of TV Week, as Editor of HollywoodReporter.com
  • Jonathan Landreth as the new Asian bureau chief, in addition to 13 new writers across Asia

However, staffing levels began to drop again in 2008. In April, Nielsen Business Media eliminated between 40 and 50 editorial staff positions at The Hollywood Reporter and its sister publications: Adweek, Brandweek, Editor & Publisher and Mediaweek.[42] In December, another 12 editorial positions were cut at the trade paper.[43] In addition, 2008 saw substantial turnover in the online department: THR.com Editor Melissa Grego left her position in July to become executive editor of Broadcasting & Cable,[44] and Managing Editor Scott McKim left to become a new media manager at Knox College. With the entertainment industry as a whole shrinking, "Hollywood studios have cut more than $20 million from the Motion Picture Association of America budget this year. The resulting staff and program reductions are expected to permanently shrink the scope and size of the six-studio trade and advocacy group."[45]

Staffing at THR in 2008 saw even further cutbacks with "names from today's tragic bloodletting of The Hollywood Reporter's staff" adding up quickly in the hard economic times at the end of 2008.[46] "The trade has not only been thin, but only publishing digital version 19 days this holiday season. Film writers Leslie Simmons, Carolyn Giardina, Gregg Goldstein, plus lead TV critic Barry Garron and TV reporter Kimberly Nordyke, also special issues editor Randee Dawn Cohen out of New York and managing editor Harley Lond and international department editor Hy Hollinger, plus Dan Evans, Lesley Goldberg, Michelle Belaski, James Gonzalez were among those chopped from the masthead."[46]

When Janice Min and Lori Burgess came on board in 2010, the editorial and sales staff increased nearly 50%, respectively. Min hired various recognized journalists in the entertainment industry, most notably Variety film critic Todd McCarthy[47] after his firing from Variety in March 2010, as well as Kim Masters of NPR, Tim Goodman of the San Francisco Chronicle, Lacey Rose of Forbes, and Pamela McClintock of Variety.

Competition and lawsuits

Variety was established in 1905 in New York City as a weekly trade paper, initially covering vaudeville, Tin Pan Alley and the city's Theater District. In 1932, Variety sued The Hollywood Reporter for $46,500 for plagiarism, alleging that THR was plagiarizing information from Variety following its publication in New York on Tuesdays, by way of phoning or wiring the information back to Hollywood, so that THR could publish the information before Variety reached Hollywood three days later on Friday.[48] Then, in 1933, Variety started its own daily Hollywood edition, Daily Variety, to cover the film industry.[49]

From 1988 to 2014, Daily Variety and The Hollywood Reporter were both located on Wilshire Boulevard along Miracle Mile. In March 2007, The Hollywood Reporter surpassed Daily Variety to achieve the largest total distribution of any entertainment daily.[50]

In 2011, Deadline Hollywood, a property of Penske Media Corporation, sued The Hollywood Reporter for more than $5 million, alleging copyright infringement. In 2013, THR's parent company settled the suit. According to The Wall Street Journal, "The lawsuit [was] widely viewed in Hollywood as a proxy for the bitter war for readers and advertising dollars... The two sides agreed on a statement reading in part: 'Prometheus admits that The Hollywood Reporter copied source code from Penske Media Corporation's Web site www.tvline.com; Prometheus and The Hollywood Reporter have apologized to Penske Media.'"[51]

The Hollywood Reporter maintained a business association with the home entertainment trade publication Home Media Magazine, owned by Questex Media Group. It gave THR access into the home entertainment trade, which Variety similarly enjoyed with its former sister publication, the Reed-owned Video Business.

Current status and legacy

The Hollywood Reporter published out of the same offices on Sunset Boulevard for more than a half century. Today, the offices are located in L.A.'s Mid-Wilshire district.

The Hollywood Reporter sponsors and hosts a number of major industry events and awards ceremonies. It hosted 13 such events in 2012, including the Women in Entertainment Breakfast, where it announced its annual Power 100 list of the industry's most powerful women;[52] the Key Art Awards (for achievement in entertainment advertising and communications); Power Lawyers Breakfast; Next Gen (honoring the industry's 50 fastest-rising stars and executives age 35 and under); Nominees Night; and the 25 Most Powerful Stylists Luncheon.

Awards season

Entertainment-industry awards receive ample coverage from The Hollywood Reporter, both in print and online. The magazine handicaps all the races, profiles the contenders and analyzes the business impact of nominations and wins. THR awards analyst Scott Feinberg analyzes and predicts the Emmy and Oscar races (his weekly Feinberg Forecast is published from late August up to the Academy Awards broadcast). THR also offers special print editions, such as its annual Oscar and Emmy issues, during respective awards seasons. THR.com features The Race, an awards-coverage blog, which encompasses Race to the Oscars, an app dedicated to Academy Awards coverage for iPhone and Android platforms.

See also

References

  1. ^ Soshnick, Scott (March 9, 2017). "Dodgers' Boehly Leads $100 Million DraftKings Investment". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Billy Wilkerson". Archived from the original on June 13, 2014. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Littleton, Cynthia; Byrge, Duane (March 17, 2005). "Paper Tale". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 9, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d e Baum, Gary; Miller, Daniel (November 19, 2012). "The Hollywood Reporter, After 65 Years, Addresses Role in Blacklist". The Hollywood Reporter.
  5. ^ Holley, Val (2007). Mike Connolly and the Manly Art of Hollywood Gossip. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-7864-1552-6.
  6. ^ Wilkerson, William (July 29, 1946). "A Vote For Joe Stalin". The Hollywood Reporter. p. 1.
  7. ^ Roberts, Jerry (2010). The Complete History of American Film Criticism, Santa Monica Press, p. 85.
  8. ^ Wilkerson III, W. R. (November 19, 2012). "An Apology: The Son of THR Founder Billy Wilkerson on the Publication's Dark Past". The Hollywood Reporter.
    "Hollywood Reporter Apologizes For Fueling Hollywood Blacklist". HuffPost. Associated Press. November 19, 2012.
    "Son Of The Hollywood Reporter's Founder Apologizes For Father's Role In Hollywood Blacklist". KCBS News. November 20, 2012.
    "Hollywood Blacklist Victim Responds To Trade Paper's Apology For Fueling Witch Hunt". KCBS News. November 20, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
    Critchlow, Donald T. (October 21, 2013). When Hollywood Was Right: How Movie Stars, Studio Moguls, and Big Business Remade American Politics. Cambridge University Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0521519694.
    Smith, Jeff (March 26, 2014). Film Criticism, the Cold War, and the Blacklist: Reading the Hollywood Reds. University of California Press. p. 273. (Subscription required (help)).
  9. ^ Anderson, A. Donald (August 7, 1988). "Hollywood's Version of Trade Wars". The New York Times.
  10. ^ "Dutch Buyer Acquires BPI". The New York Times. January 15, 1994. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "'Twas down and truly dirty at Billboard". Media Life. June 24, 2004. Archived from the original on April 9, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2009.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  12. ^ "Nielsen Media parent, VNU, agrees to $9B purchase". Tampa Bay Business Journal. March 9, 2006. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  13. ^ Barnes, Brooks. "Hollywood Reporter to Become a Weekly Magazine". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  14. ^ "Most Intriguing: A Marquee Year for Richard Beckman in 2011?". min Online. November 22, 2010. Archived from the original on November 16, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  15. ^ Carr, David (May 29, 2011). "An Outsider Making Waves in Hollywood". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  16. ^ Barnes, Brooks (February 15, 2013). "From Has-Been to Life of the Party". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  17. ^ "Janice Min to Head Billboard, THR as Co-President of Entertainment Group for Guggenheim". The Hollywood Reporter. January 7, 2014.
  18. ^ Raphael, T J (January 15, 2013). "Yahoo Exec Tapped To Head Prometheus Global Media". Folio:. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  19. ^ Dilworth, Dianna (August 11, 2010). "John Kilcullen "For Dummies" Creator Joins FastPencil's Board". Adweek. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  20. ^ Arango, Tim (June 24, 2004). "Sign of Trouble – Billboard Suit Claims Harassment, Defamation". New York Post.
  21. ^ "Ex-Billboard editors file $29M sexual harassment suit". Court TV. June 24, 2004.
  22. ^ Grinberg, Emanuella (June 6, 2006). "Sex discrimination suit against Billboard magazine settles during jury selection". CourtTV. Archived from the original on June 12, 2006. Retrieved August 5, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  23. ^ Finke, Nikki (February 28, 2008). "The Hollywood Reporter's Publisher Exits; More Variety-zation Of THR's Nielsen". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  24. ^ Finke, Nikki (March 5, 2007). "H'Wood Reporter Editor Cynthia Littleton Jumps To Variety; Anne Thompson Also; HR Now Looking for 'Big Name' Editor". Deadline Hollywood.
  25. ^ Lieberman, David; Busch, Anita (December 17, 2015). "Guggenheim Prepares To Sell Hollywood Reporter, Dick Clark Productions To Exec". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  26. ^ Chariton, Jordan (December 17, 2015). "Guggenheim Media Spins Off Money-Losing Hollywood Reporter, Billboard to Company President Todd Boehly (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  27. ^ "Hollywood Reporter Parent Company Spins Off Media Assets to Executive". The Hollywood Reporter. December 27, 2015.
  28. ^ Sass, Erik (February 6, 2017). "'The Hollywood Reporter,' 'Billboard' Put Up For Sale". MediaPost. New York City: MediaPost Communications. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
  29. ^ Donnelly, Matt (February 6, 2017). "The Hollywood Reporter for Sale Amid Ongoing Losses, Janice Min to Step Aside". TheWrap. Los Angeles. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
  30. ^ Faughnder, Ryan. "'House of Cards' producer MRC merges with Dick Clark Productions and Hollywood Reporter publisher". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  31. ^ Wallenstein, Andrew (2018-02-01). "Media Rights Capital, Dick Clark Prods., THR-Billboard Form Combined Company". Variety. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  32. ^ "Eric Mika Appointed to Boost THR". Min. April 30, 2007. Archived from the original on September 5, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  33. ^ "The Hollywood Reporter Cuts More Staff". TheWrap. June 3, 2009. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  34. ^ Friedman, Roger (October 11, 2010). "The Hollywood Reporter Sheds Editor, Heads to Tabloid Land". Hollywood 411. Archived from the original on September 5, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  35. ^ Alvarez, Alex (April 26, 2010). "Lori Burgess Leaves OK! For The Hollywood Reporter". Adweek.
  36. ^ Lewis, Randy (January 9, 2014). "Billboard shakeup puts Hollywood Reporter's Janice Min in charge". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  37. ^ "Lynne Segall Joins Hollywood Reporter as SVP, Publisher Jumps from Deadline.com". Adweek. June 17, 2011.
  38. ^ Barnes, Brooks (February 6, 2017). "Janice Min Will Step Down as Hollywood Reporter's Top Editor". New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  39. ^ Clinard, Josh. "Covering the entertainment biz: Hollywood Reporter vs. Variety". Society of American Business Editors and Writers. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  40. ^ "The Hollywood Reporter Launches New Style Website Pret-A-Reporter". The Hollywood Reporter. November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  41. ^ "Comscore subscriber data". Comscore. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  42. ^ Ali, Rafat (April 10, 2008). "Nielsen Business Media Lays Off Between 40-50; Mainly Editorial". Gigaom. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  43. ^ "UPDATE: Layoffs Gut Hollywood Reporter; Variety's Stylephile Victim Of Recession". Deadline Hollywood. December 4, 2008.
  44. ^ "Melissa Grego Joins B&C as Executive Editor". Broadcast & Cable. July 8, 2008.
  45. ^ DiOrio, Carl (March 3, 2009). "Hollywood studios' trade group faces leaner budget". Reuters.
  46. ^ a b Finke, Nikki (December 4, 2008). "UPDATE: Layoffs Gut Hollywood Reporter; Variety's Stylephile Victim Of Recession". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
  47. ^ "Todd McCarthy Joins The Hollywood Reporter".
  48. ^ "'Variety' Charges Hollywood Daily of Stealing Its News Each Week". Variety. January 5, 1932. p. 2.
  49. ^ "Daily Variety on Coast". Variety, September 12, 1933 p. 5
  50. ^ ABC Publisher's Statement, as compared to Variety and Daily Variety, March 2007
  51. ^ "Owners of Competing Hollywood Publications Settle Copyright Lawsuit". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  52. ^ Cadenas, Kerensa. "Diane Keaton to be Honored with Sherry Lansing Leadership Award". IndieWire. Retrieved September 4, 2017.

External links

2019 in film

The following tables list films released in 2019.

2020 in film

There are numerous films set to be released in 2020. Some films have announced release dates but have yet to begin filming, while others are in production but do not yet have definite release dates.

Black Panther (film)

Black Panther is a 2018 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, it is the eighteenth film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU). The film is directed by Ryan Coogler, who co-wrote the screenplay with Joe Robert Cole, and stars Chadwick Boseman as T'Challa / Black Panther, alongside Michael B. Jordan, Lupita Nyong'o, Danai Gurira, Martin Freeman, Daniel Kaluuya, Letitia Wright, Winston Duke, Angela Bassett, Forest Whitaker, and Andy Serkis. In Black Panther, T'Challa is crowned king of Wakanda following his father's death, but his sovereignty is challenged by an adversary who plans to abandon the country's isolationist policies and begin a global revolution.

Wesley Snipes expressed interest in working on a Black Panther film in 1992, but the project did not come to fruition. In September 2005, Marvel Studios announced a Black Panther film as one of ten based on Marvel characters and distributed by Paramount Pictures. Mark Bailey was hired to write a script in January 2011. Black Panther was announced in October 2014, and Boseman made his first appearance as the character in Captain America: Civil War (2016). By 2016, Cole and Coogler had joined; additional cast joined in May, making Black Panther the first Marvel film with a predominantly black cast. Principal photography took place from January to April 2017, at EUE/Screen Gems Studios in the Atlanta metropolitan area, and Busan, South Korea.

Black Panther premiered in Los Angeles on January 29, 2018, and was released theatrically in the United States on February 16, in 2D, 3D, IMAX and other premium large formats. The film received praise from critics for its direction, screenplay, acting (particularly that of Boseman, Jordan, Gurira, and Wright), costume design, production values, and soundtrack, though the computer-generated effects received some criticism. Many critics considered it to be one of the best films set in the MCU and noted its cultural significance, with organizations including the National Board of Review and American Film Institute naming it one of the Top 10 Films of 2018. It became the 9th-highest-grossing film of all time with over $1.35 billion worldwide, breaking numerous box office records including the highest-grossing film by a black director, and becoming the highest-grossing 2018 film in the U.S. and Canada and second-highest-grossing film of 2018 worldwide.

The film received numerous awards and nominations, with seven nominations at the 91st Academy Awards (including Best Picture, making it the first superhero film ever to receive such a nomination), three nominations at the 76th Golden Globe Awards, two wins at the 25th Screen Actors Guild Awards, and twelve nominations at the 24th Critics' Choice Awards (winning three), among others. A sequel is in development with Coogler returning to write and direct.

DC Extended Universe

The DC Extended Universe (DCEU) is the unofficial term used to refer to an American media franchise and shared universe that is centered on a series of superhero films, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures and based on characters that appear in American comic books by DC Comics. The shared universe, much like the original DC Universe in comic books and the television programs, was established by crossing over common plot elements, settings, cast, and characters. The films have been in production since 2011 and in that time Warner Bros. has distributed six films. The series has grossed over $4.88 billion at the global box office, currently making it the 12th highest-grossing film franchise.

The films are written and directed by a variety of individuals and feature large, often ensemble, casts. Several actors, including Henry Cavill, Ben Affleck, Gal Gadot, Ezra Miller, Jason Momoa, and Ray Fisher, have appeared in numerous films of the franchise, with continued appearances in sequels planned. In May 2016, DC's chief creative officer Geoff Johns and Warner Bros. executive vice president Jon Berg were appointed to co-run the DC Films division and oversee creative decisions, production and story-arcs in order to create a cohesive overarching plot within the films. In January 2018, Walter Hamada was appointed the president of DC Films, replacing Berg.

The first film in the DCEU was Man of Steel (2013) followed by Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016), Suicide Squad (2016), Wonder Woman (2017), Justice League (2017), and Aquaman (2018). The franchise will continue with scheduled release dates for Shazam! (2019), Birds of Prey (and the Fantabulous Emancipation of One Harley Quinn) (2020), Wonder Woman 1984 (2020), The Batman (2021), The Suicide Squad (2021), and The Flash (2021). A multitude of other projects are in various stages of development.

Fifty Shades of Grey (film)

Fifty Shades of Grey is a 2015 American erotic romantic drama film directed by Sam Taylor-Johnson, with a screenplay by Kelly Marcel. The film is based on E. L. James’ 2011 novel of the same name and stars Dakota Johnson as Anastasia Steele, a college graduate who begins a sadomasochistic relationship with young business magnate Christian Grey, played by Jamie Dornan.

The film premiered at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival on February 11, 2015 and was released on February 13, 2015, by Universal Pictures and Focus Features. Despite receiving generally negative reviews, it was an immediate box office success, breaking numerous box office records and earning over $571 million worldwide.

The film was the most awarded at the 36th Golden Raspberry Awards, winning five of six nominations, including Worst Picture (tied with Fantastic Four) and both leading roles. In contrast, Ellie Goulding's single "Love Me like You Do" was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song, while The Weeknd's single "Earned It" was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song.

It is the first film in the Fifty Shades film series and was followed by two sequels, Fifty Shades Darker and Fifty Shades Freed, released in 2017 and 2018 respectively.

Furious 7

Furious 7 (alternatively known as Fast & Furious 7 and Fast Seven) is a 2015 American action film directed by James Wan and written by Chris Morgan. It is the seventh installment in The Fast and the Furious franchise. The film stars Vin Diesel, Paul Walker, Dwayne Johnson, Michelle Rodriguez, Tyrese Gibson, Chris "Ludacris" Bridges, Jordana Brewster, Djimon Hounsou, Kurt Russell, and Jason Statham. Furious 7 follows Dominic Toretto (Diesel), Brian O'Conner (Walker), and the rest of their team, who have returned to the United States to live normal lives after securing amnesty for their past crimes in Fast & Furious 6 (2013), until Deckard Shaw (Statham), a rogue special forces assassin seeking to avenge his comatose younger brother, puts the team in danger once again.

With the previous three installments set between 2 Fast 2 Furious (2003) and The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift (2006), Furious 7 is the first installment in the franchise to take place after Tokyo Drift. The film also marks the final film appearance of Walker, who died in a single-vehicle crash on November 30, 2013 with filming only half-completed. Following Walker's death, filming was delayed for script rewrites, and his brothers, Caleb and Cody, were used as stand-ins to complete his remaining scenes. These script rewrites completed the story arcs for both Walker and Brewster's characters, which were subsequently retired.

Plans for a seventh installment were first announced in February 2012 when Johnson stated that production on the film would begin after the completion of Fast & Furious 6. In April 2013, Wan, predominantly known for horror films, was announced to direct the film in place of Justin Lin, who left the franchise after directing the previous four installments. Casting began in the same month with the returns of Diesel and Walker, and an initial release date was set. Principal photography began in Atlanta, Georgia, in September 2013, resumed in April 2014 and ended in July 2014, with other filming locations including Los Angeles, Colorado, Abu Dhabi, and Tokyo.

Furious 7 premiered in Los Angeles on April 1, 2015, and was theatrically released in the United States on April 3, 2015, playing in 3D, IMAX 3D, and 4DX internationally. Upon release, the film became a critical and commercial success, with praise being aimed at the film's action sequences and its tribute to Walker. The film grossed $397.6 million worldwide during its opening weekend, which is the sixth highest-grossing opening of all time. The film has grossed over $1.5 billion worldwide, making it the highest-grossing film of the franchise after just twelve days, the third highest-grossing film of 2015 and the seventh highest-grossing film of all time.

A sequel, The Fate of the Furious, was released on April 14, 2017.

Interstellar (film)

Interstellar is a 2014 science fiction film directed, co-written, and co-produced by Christopher Nolan. It stars Matthew McConaughey, Anne Hathaway, Jessica Chastain, Bill Irwin, Ellen Burstyn, and Michael Caine. Set in a dystopian future where humanity is struggling to survive, the film follows a group of astronauts who travel through a wormhole in search of a new home for humanity.

Brothers Christopher and Jonathan Nolan wrote the screenplay, which had its origins in a script Jonathan developed in 2007. Christopher produced Interstellar with his wife, Emma Thomas, through their production company Syncopy, and with Lynda Obst through Lynda Obst Productions. Caltech theoretical physicist Kip Thorne was an executive producer, acted as scientific consultant, and wrote a tie-in book, The Science of Interstellar. Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros., and Legendary Pictures co-financed the film. Cinematographer Hoyte van Hoytema shot it on 35 mm in anamorphic format and IMAX 70 mm. Principal photography began in late 2013 and took place in Alberta (Canada), Iceland and Los Angeles. Interstellar uses extensive practical and miniature effects and the company Double Negative created additional digital effects.

Interstellar premiered on October 26, 2014, in Los Angeles, California. In the United States, it was first released on film stock, expanding to venues using digital projectors. The film had a worldwide gross of over $677 million, making it the tenth-highest-grossing film of 2014. Interstellar received critical praise for its themes, visual effects, musical score, and acting. At the 87th Academy Awards, the film won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, and was nominated for Best Original Score, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing and Best Production Design.

List of submissions to the 87th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) has invited the film industries of a number of countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film every year since the award was created in 1956. It is presented annually by the Academy to a feature-length film produced outside the United States with primarily non-English dialogue. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process, reviewing all films submitted.For the 87th Academy Awards, held on 22 February 2015, a submitted motion picture must be released theatrically in its respective country between 1 October 2013 and 30 September 2014. Submission of a film does not automatically qualify it for the competition; AMPAS has the final word on eligibility, and has disqualified submissions in the past. One film was accepted from each country, with a deadline of 1 October 2014; the Academy published a list of eligible films eight days later.Eighty-three countries submitted films, with four countries entering for the first time. Mauritania submitted Timbuktu, directed by Abderrahmane Sissako; Panama entered the documentary Invasion, directed by Abner Benaim; Kosovo submitted Three Windows and a Hanging, directed by Isa Qosja; and Malta entered Simshar, directed by Rebecca Cremona. In May 2014, Nigeria announced that AMPAS had approved the first-ever Nigerian Oscar selection committee and they would make their first Oscar submission; however, they did not submit a film by the deadline.The Phase I committee, consisting of several hundred Los Angeles-based Academy members, viewed the original submissions between mid-October and 15 December 2014. The group's top six choices, augmented by three selections by the Academy's Foreign Language Film Award Executive Committee, constitute the shortlist. Seventy-six films were originally considered, and the nine finalists were shortlisted in mid-December.The list was narrowed down to five nominees by invited committees in New York, Los Angeles and (for the first time) London, who viewed three films a day from 9 to 11 January 2015 before casting their ballots. The list of nominees was announced on 15 January 2015 at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Los Angeles. They were Argentina's Wild Tales, directed by Damián Szifron; Estonia's Tangerines, directed by Zaza Urushadze; Mauritania's Timbuktu, directed by Abderrahmane Sissako; Poland's Ida, directed by Paweł Pawlikowski, and Russia's Leviathan, directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev. For the first time, the director's name would be engraved on the Oscar statuette in addition to the country name. The winner was Poland's Ida, directed by Pawlikowski.

List of submissions to the 88th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

This is a list of submissions to the 88th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film every year since the award was created in 1956. The award is presented annually by the Academy to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films. Nine shortlisted contenders were revealed a week before the announcement of the Oscar nominations.The submitted motion pictures must be first released theatrically in their respective countries between 1 October 2014, and 30 September 2015.

The deadline for submissions was 1 October 2015, with the Academy announcing a list of eligible films later that month.A total of 81 countries submitted a film before the deadline, with Paraguay submitting a film for the first time with the documentary Cloudy Times, directed by Arami Ullon.The Academy announced a list of eligible submissions in October 2015. Nine finalists from among the dozens of entries were shortlisted on 17 December. The final five nominees were announced on 14 January 2016. The winner was Hungary's Son of Saul, directed by László Nemes.

List of submissions to the 89th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

This is a list of submissions to the 89th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film every year since the award was created in 1956. The award is presented annually by the Academy to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films.The submitted motion pictures must be first released theatrically in their respective countries between 1 October 2015 and 30 September 2016.

The deadline for submissions was 3 October 2016, with the Academy announcing a list of eligible films on 11 October. A record total of 89 countries submitted a film before the deadline and 85 were accepted. Yemen submitted a film for the first time with I Am Nojoom, Age 10 and Divorced, directed by Khadija al-Salami.Nine finalists from among the dozens of entries were shortlisted on 15 December 2016, with the final five nominees announced on 24 January 2017. Asghar Farhadi of Iran won the award for The Salesman at the Oscar ceremony on 26 February 2017, his second win after A Separation (2011). He did not attend the ceremony to accept the award in protest of new U.S. travel policies.

List of submissions to the 90th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

This is a list of submissions to the 90th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film every year since the award was created in 1956. The award is presented annually by the Academy to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films.The submitted motion pictures must be first released theatrically in their respective countries between 1 October 2016 and 30 September 2017.The deadline for submissions was 2 October 2017, with the Academy announcing a list of eligible films on 5 October. A record total of 92 countries submitted a film, with six countries submitting a film for the first time. Haiti sent Ayiti Mon Amour, Honduras sent Morazán, Laos sent Dearest Sister, Mozambique sent The Train of Salt and Sugar, Senegal sent Félicité, and Syria sent Little Gandhi.From the longlist, nine finalists were shortlisted in late 2017, with the final five nominees announced on 23 January 2018. Sebastián Lelio became the first Chilean director to win the award, for A Fantastic Woman.

List of submissions to the 91st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

This is a list of submissions to the 91st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film every year since the award was created in 1956. The award is presented annually by the Academy to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films.The submitted motion pictures must be first released theatrically in their respective countries between 1 October 2017 and 30 September 2018. The deadline for submissions was 1 October 2018, with the Academy announcing a list of eligible films on 8 October. A total of 89 countries submitted a film, with 87 of those being accepted. Two countries submitted a film for the first time. Malawi sent The Road to Sunrise and Niger sent The Wedding Ring.From the longlist, nine finalists were shortlisted in late 2018, with the final five nominees announced on 22 January 2019.

Prometheus Global Media

Prometheus Global Media was a New York City-based B2B media company. The company was formed in December 2009, when Nielsen Company sold its entertainment and media division to a private equity-backed group led by Pluribus Capital Management and Guggenheim Partners. Guggenheim acquired Pluribus's stake in the company in January 2013, giving it full ownership under the division of Guggenheim Digital Media.

The company owned and operated a number of major entertainment industry trade publications and their associated digital properties, including Adweek, Backstage, Billboard, Film Journal International, and The Hollywood Reporter.

On December 17, 2015, it was announced that Guggenheim would spin out its media properties to a group led by former executive Todd Boehly, known as Eldridge Industries.

Ray Richmond

Ray Richmond (born October 19, 1957 in Whittier, California) is a globally syndicated critic and entertainment/media columnist. Richmond has also worked variously as a feature and entertainment writer, beat reporter and TV critic for a variety of publications including the Los Angeles Daily News, Daily Variety, the Orange County Register, the late Los Angeles Herald Examiner, Deadline Hollywood, Los Angeles magazine, Buzz, The Hollywood Reporter, the Los Angeles Times, New Times Los Angeles, DGA Magazine, and Penthouse.

Todd McCarthy

Todd McCarthy is an American film critic. He wrote for Variety for 31 years as its chief film critic until 2010. In October of that year, he joined The Hollywood Reporter where he subsequently became chief film critic.

Vera Farmiga

Vera Ann Farmiga (; born August 6, 1973) is an American actress, film director, and producer.

Farmiga began her career on stage in the original Broadway production of Taking Sides (1996). She made her television debut in the Fox fantasy series Roar (1997), and her film debut in the drama-thriller Return to Paradise (1998). Farmiga made her directorial debut in 2011 with the acclaimed drama film Higher Ground, in which she had a leading role.

Farmiga's breakthrough came in 2004 with her starring role as a mother harboring a secret drug habit in the drama Down to the Bone. She received further praise for the drama film Nothing But the Truth (2008), and won critical acclaim for playing Alex Goran in the 2009 comedy-drama Up in the Air, for which she was nominated for the Golden Globe Award, SAG Award, BAFTA Award, and Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.

Farmiga also had starring roles in the political thriller The Manchurian Candidate (2004), the crime drama The Departed (2006), the historical drama The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas (2008), the romance drama Never Forever (2007), the romantic comedy Henry's Crime (2010), the science fiction thriller Source Code (2011), the action thriller Safe House (2012), and the biographical drama The Front Runner (2018).

Farmiga portrayed paranormal investigator Lorraine Warren in the blockbuster horror films The Conjuring (2013), The Conjuring 2 (2016), and Annabelle 3 (2019). From 2013 to 2017, she starred as Norma Louise Bates in the A&E drama-thriller series Bates Motel, which earned her a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. These roles, along with Joshua (2007) and Orphan (2009), saw her dubbed as a contemporary scream queen.

Warner Animation Group

The Warner Animation Group (WAG) is the feature animation division of Warner Bros. Animation, itself a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Pictures. Established on January 7, 2013, the studio is the successor to the dissolved 2D traditional hand-drawn animation studio Warner Bros. Feature Animation, which shut down in 2003. Its first film The Lego Movie was released on February 7, 2014 and its latest release was The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part on February 8, 2019; with their next release being a Scooby-Doo animated film on the first quarter of 2020.

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