The Flash (comic book)

The Flash is an ongoing American comic book series featuring the DC Comics superhero of the same name. The character's first incarnation, Jay Garrick, first appeared in Flash Comics #1. When the Silver Age Flash Barry Allen was introduced, that character took over Flash Comics numbering and the series was retitled as The Flash.

Although the Flash is a mainstay in the DC Comics stable, the series has been canceled and rebooted eight times. The first series featuring Barry Allen was canceled at issue #350 in the event of the character's death in the universe altering event Crisis on Infinite Earths. When Wally West succeeded Allen as the Flash, a new series began with new numbering in June 1987. That series was briefly canceled in 2006 in the wake of the Infinite Crisis event, but was restarted with its original numbering in 2007, only to be canceled again in 2008 in the wake of Barry Allen's return in Final Crisis and The Flash: Rebirth. The series was revived for a third volume by writer Geoff Johns and artist Francis Manapul after the completion of the Blackest Night event in 2010. A fourth volume was launched in 2011 as part of The New 52. A fifth volume was launched in 2016 as part of DC Rebirth.

The Flash
Flash v1 105
Cover of The Flash #105 (Feb-Mar 1959), the first number of the series. Art by Carmine Infantino and Joe Giella
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
Schedule
FormatOngoing series
Genre
Publication date
No. of issues
Main character(s)(vol. 1, 3, 4, and 5)
Flash (Barry Allen)
(vol. 2)
Flash (Wally West)
Creative team
Created byJohn Broome
Carmine Infantino
Written by
Penciller(s)
Inker(s)

Publication history

Volume 1 (1959–1985)

Volume 1 starred Barry Allen as the Flash and the series assumed the numbering of the original Flash Comics with issue #105 (March 1959) written by John Broome and drawn by Carmine Infantino.[2] Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "The Flash" was a streamlined, modernized version of much that had gone before, but done with such care and flair that the character seemed new to a new generation of fans.[3] The Broome and Infantino collaboration saw the introduction of several supervillains many of whom became part of the Rogues. The Mirror Master first appeared in issue #105[2] and the following issue saw the debuts of Gorilla Grodd and the Pied Piper.[4] Captain Boomerang first challenged the Flash in issue #117 (December 1960)[5] and the 64th century villain Abra Kadabra was introduced in issue #128 (May 1962).[6] Another villain from the future, Professor Zoom first appeared in issue #139 (September 1963).[7]

Kid Flash and the Elongated Man were respectively introduced in issues #110 and 112 as allies of the Flash.[8] One of the most notable issues of this era was issue #123 (September 1961), which featured the story titled "Flash of Two Worlds".[9] In it, Allen meets his inspiration Jay Garrick, after accidentally being transported to a parallel universe where Garrick existed. In this previous continuity, Garrick and the other characters of the Golden Age only existed as comics characters in the mainline shared universe.[10] This brought about a new concept in the formative stage of what would become the DC Universe, and gave birth to the current conceptualization featuring it as a multiverse.[9]

Barry Allen married his longtime love interest Iris West in issue #165 (November 1966).[11] Infantino's last issue was #174 (November 1967) and the next issue saw Ross Andru become the new artist of the series as well as featuring the second race between the Flash and Superman, two characters known for their super-speed powers.[12]

The series presented metafictional stories featuring comics creators appearing within the Flash's adventures such as the "Flash — Fact Or Fiction" in issue #179 in which the Flash finds himself on "Earth Prime". He contacts the "one man on Earth who might believe his fantastic story and give him the money he needs. The editor of that Flash comic mag !" Julius Schwartz helps the Flash build a cosmic treadmill so that he can return home.[13] Several years later, the series' longtime writer Cary Bates wrote himself into the story in issue #228.[14] Four months after the cancellation of his own title, Green Lantern began a backup feature in The Flash #217 (Aug.-Sept. 1972) and appeared in most issues through The Flash #246 (Jan. 1977) until his own solo series was revived.[15] Schwartz, who had edited the title since 1959, left the series as of issue #269 (January 1979).[16]

Bates wrote The Flash #275 (July 1979) wherein the title character's wife, Iris West Allen was killed.[17] Don Heck became the artist of the series with issue #280 (Dec. 1979) and drew it until #295 (March 1981).[18] The Flash #300 (Aug. 1981) was in the Dollar Comics format and featured a story by Bates and Infantino.[19] Doctor Fate was featured in a series of back-up stories in The Flash from #306 (Feb. 1982) to #313 (Sept. 1982) written by Martin Pasko and Steve Gerber and drawn by Keith Giffen.[20] A major shakeup occurred in the title in the mid-1980s. The Flash inadvertently kills his wife's murderer, the Reverse-Flash, in The Flash #324 (Aug. 1983).[21] This led to an extended storyline titled "The Trial of the Flash" in which the hero must face the repercussions of his actions. Bates became the editor as well as the writer of The Flash title during this time and oversaw it until its cancellation in 1985.[22] "The Trial of the Flash" was collected in a volume of the Showcase Presents series in 2011.[23]

Shortly before Barry Allen's death in Crisis on Infinite Earths, the series was cancelled with issue #350 (October 1985). In the final issue of Crisis on Infinite Earths, Wally West, previously known as Allen's sidekick Kid Flash, stated his intent to take up his uncle's mantle as the Flash.[24]

Volume 2 (1987–2006, 2007–2008)

Featuring Wally West as the main character, the Flash mostly operated out of Keystone City. The second series was launched by writer Mike Baron and artist Jackson Guice in June 1987.[25] Featuring long runs most notably by writers Mark Waid and Geoff Johns, the second volume originally went in a different direction from the series starring Barry Allen by making Wally West more flawed. This Flash could not constantly maintain his super-speed because of his hypermetabolism, and would consume gargantuan amounts of food in order to continue operating at top speed. This metabolic limitation would later be continued into Barry Allen's character for the brief television series The Flash broadcast in 1990-91, as well as The Flash series which debuted in 2014, though to a lesser degree.

Mark Waid's tenure on the title in the 1990s brought back more traditional Flash aspects from Barry Allen's era by reforming the Rogues, some of which were new incarnations of old characters, and bringing more of a sci-fi/fantasy aspect that had been lost in Flash titles since Allen's departure. Waid made Wally West much more powerful in an attempt to take him out of Barry Allen and Jay Garrick's shadows. Waid and artist Mike Wieringo introduced Impulse in issue #92 (July 1994).[26] Wally West married Linda Park in issue #142 (October 1998).[27]

When writer Geoff Johns stepped aboard with issue #164 (September 2000), he refocused the character on some of the Silver Age aspects by spending single issues on building the psychology of the various Rogues.[28][29] Johns created Zoom, the third of the Reverse-Flashes, and fleshed out the environmental character of Keystone City in an attempt to make it unique in comparison to other fictional DC cities such as Metropolis or Gotham City.[30]

In the wake of the "One Year Later" event and Wally West's disappearance in Infinite Crisis, DC canceled The Flash vol. 2 with issue #230 (March 2006) in favor of a new series starring Bart Allen as the Flash. The new series, titled The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive, ran only 13 issues and ended with Bart's death.[31] Mark Waid returned to the title briefly in 2007 with the series resuming with #231 to bring about the return of Wally West but the series was canceled again at issue #247 in late 2008 with the return of Barry Allen in the event series Final Crisis.[32][33] Spinning out of Final Crisis, writer Geoff Johns and artist Ethan Van Sciver created The Flash: Rebirth, a 6-issue mini-series bringing Barry Allen back to a leading role in the DC Universe as the primary Flash.[34][35] Barry Allen is also an integral character in the crossover event Blackest Night, and had a self-titled limited series tying into the main event.[36]

Volume 3 (2010–2011)

Flashvol3no1
Variant incentive cover for The Flash vol. 3, #1 (June 2010).
Art by Tony Harris.

In 2010, DC Comics announced that after the completion of The Flash: Rebirth and Blackest Night, Geoff Johns would return to writing a new Flash ongoing series with artist Francis Manapul.[37] In January 2010, DC Comics announced that the series' opening arc would be launched under the banner of Brightest Day, a line-wide aftermath story to the crossover "Blackest Night".[38] In April 2010, DC released The Flash: Secret Files and Origins 2010 one-shot, setting the stage for the status quo of the new series. It was followed one week later with the release of The Flash vol. 3 #1. On June 1, 2011, it was announced that all series taking place within the shared DC Universe would be either canceled or relaunched with new #1 issues, after a new continuity was created in the wake of the Flashpoint event. The Flash was no exception, and the first issue of the new series was released on September 2011.

Volume 4 (2011–2016)

In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, DC Comics relaunched The Flash with issue #1, with writing and art handled by Francis Manapul and Brian Buccellato.[39] As with all of the titles associated with the DC relaunch, Barry Allen appears to be about five years younger than the previous incarnation of the character. Superheroes at large have appeared only in the past five years, and are viewed with at best, suspicion, and at worst, outright hostility. In this new continuity, Barry's marriage to Iris West never took place, and he is instead in a relationship with longtime co-worker Patty Spivot. In this new series, the Flash draws deeper into the Speed Force, enhancing his mental abilities while still trying to get a full grasp on his powers, which he doesn't yet exert total control over.

As revealed in issue #0 of this series, Barry Allen's father was placed in prison for the murder of his mother. While the evidence seems to indicate his father's guilt, Barry makes proving his father's innocence a priority. The murder occurred shortly after Barry returned victorious from a school spelling bee, and Barry placed the trophy he won on his mother's grave in her memory. Barry is also part of the main cast of the relaunched Justice League series, making his debut in the series' second issue.

Writers Robert Venditti and Van Jensen and artist Brett Booth became the new creative team on The Flash as of issue #30 (June 2014).[40]

Volume 5 (2016–present)

During DC Rebirth, Barry is no longer the only Flash. It is revealed that Wally West has been lost in the Speed Force for ten years, realizing during this time that Barry is not responsible of changing the timeline after the Flashpoint crisis, the unknown entity used Barry's time travelling as an opportunity to fundamentally alter reality. The fallout of the recent Darkseid War allowed Wally to try and reach out to his former friends in the hopes of either returning or warning them of the truth, but each attempt caused him to fall further into the Speed Force. After realizing not even Linda (his traditional "lightning rod") could remember him, Wally sank into desolation and chose to appear before Barry one last time to thank him for the life he had given him. Just before Wally disappeared, Barry remembered him and dragged him free of the Speed Force. Following a tearful reunion, Wally gave Barry his warning of the true source of the universal change and the dangers to come. Because of Wally, Barry is now aware that the timeline is not reset correctly after Flashpoint and thus another alternate timeline. However, he still cannot remember his pre-Flashpoint life, such as people like Jay Garrick and the details of his feuds with the Reverse-Flash / Eobard Thawne (who now remembers their pre-Flashpoint history), and remembers Wally from their new DC Rebirth timeline history. Despite being informed by Wally that another party is responsible, Barry remains in guilt over his mistakes, and seeks to find and stop them in hopes of making amends.Although the two decide to keep Wally's return secret from Iris based on Wally's own experience with Linda, Barry encourages him to return to the Teen Titans, but also recommends that he don a new costume to reflect that he is the Flash rather than 'Kid Flash'. While Wally considers his options, Barry visits Batman to discuss the new evidence of some outside force attacking them, musing on how personal this assault appears, but despite the potential danger, Batman and Barry agree to keep their investigation to themselves until they know what they are up against.

Collected editions

The Flash vol. 1

  • The Flash Archives:
    • Volume 1 collects Showcase #4, #8, #13-14 and The Flash #105-108 ISBN 978-1-56389-139-7[41]
    • Volume 2 collects The Flash #109-116 ISBN 978-1-56389-606-4[42]
    • Volume 3 collects The Flash #117-124 ISBN 978-1-56389-799-3[43]
    • Volume 4 collects The Flash #125-132 ISBN 978-1-4012-0771-7[44]
    • Volume 5 collects The Flash #133-141 ISBN 1-4012-2151-3[45]
    • Volume 6 collects The Flash #142-150 ISBN 978-1-4012-3514-7[46]
  • The Flash Chronicles
    • Volume 1 collects Showcase #4, 8, 13-14 and The Flash #105-106 ISBN 978-1-4012-2471-4[47]
    • Volume 2 collects The Flash #107-112 ISBN 978-1-4012-2884-2[48]
    • Volume 3 collects The Flash #113-118 ISBN 978-1-4012-3490-4[49]
    • Volume 4 collects The Flash #119-124 ISBN 978-1-4012-3831-5[50]
  • Showcase Presents: The Flash:
    • Volume 1 collects Showcase #4, 8, 13-14 and The Flash #105-119 ISBN 1-4012-1327-8[51]
    • Volume 2 collects The Flash #120-140 ISBN 1-4012-1805-9[52]
    • Volume 3 collects The Flash #141-161 ISBN 978-1-4012-2297-0[53]
    • Volume 4 collects The Flash #162-184 ISBN 1-4012-3679-0[54]
    • The Trial of the Flash collects The Flash #323-327, 329-336, 340-350 ISBN 1-4012-3182-9[55]
  • The Silver Age
    • Volume 1 collects Showcase #4, 8, 13-14 and The Flash #105-116
    • Volume 2 collects The Flash #117-132
    • Volume 3 collects The Flash #133-147

Silver Age Omnibus Releases

  • The Flash Omnibus Volume One collects Showcase #4, 8, 13-14 and The Flash #105-132, 864 pages, September 2014 ISBN 978-14012-5149-9[56]
  • The Flash: The Silver Age Omnibus Volume Two collects The Flash #133-163, 784 pages, January 2017, ISBN 978-1401265380
  • The Flash: The Silver Age Omnibus Volume Three collects The Flash #164-199, 800 pages, July 2018, ISBN 978-1401281045

The Flash vol. 2

  • The Flash: Born to Run collects The Flash vol. 2 #62-65, Annual #8, 80-Page Giant #1, Speed Force #1, 128 pages, June 1999, ISBN 978-1563895043[57]
  • The Flash: The Return of Barry Allen collects The Flash vol. 2 #72-78, 178 pages, July 1996, ISBN 978-1563892684
  • The Flash: Terminal Velocity collects The Flash vol. 2 #0, 95-100, 186 pages, September 1995, ISBN 978-1563892493
  • The Flash: Dead Heat collects "The Flash" vol. 2 #108-111 & Impulse #10,11, 144 pages, August 2000, ISBN 978-1563896231
  • The Flash: Race Against Time collects The Flash vol. 2 #112-118, 168 pages, July 2001, ISBN 978-1563897214
  • The Flash: Emergency Stop collects The Flash vol. 2 #130-135, 144 pages, January 2009, ISBN 978-1401221775[58]
  • The Flash: The Human Race collects The Flash vol. 2 #136-141 and Secret Origins vol. 2 #50, June 2009, ISBN 978-1401222390[59]
  • The Flash: Wonderland collects The Flash vol. 2 #164-169, 144 pages, October 2007, ISBN 978-1401214890[60]
  • The Flash: Blood Will Run collects The Flash vol. 2 #170-176, The Flash: Iron Heights, The Flash Secret Files #3, 240 pages, February 2008, ISBN 978-1401216474[61]
  • The Flash: Rogues collects The Flash vol. 2 #177-182, 144 pages, February 2003, ISBN 978-1563899508[62]
  • The Flash: Crossfire collects The Flash vol. 2 #183-191, 224 pages, March 2004, ISBN 978-1401201951
  • The Flash: Blitz collects The Flash vol. 2 #192-200, 224 pages, August 2004, ISBN 978-1401203351
  • The Flash: Ignition collects The Flash vol. 2 #201-206, 144 pages, March 2005, ISBN 978-1401204631
  • The Flash, Vol. 6: The Secret of Barry Allen collects The Flash vol. 2 #207-211, #213-217, 240 pages, August 2005, ISBN 978-1401207236
  • The Flash, Vol. 7: Rogue War collects The Flash vol. 2 #212, #218, #220-225, 208 pages, January 2006, ISBN 978-1401209247
  • The Flash: Lightning in a Bottle Vol. 1 collects The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive miniseries #1-6, 144 pages, March 21, 2007, ISBN 978-1-4012-1229-2
  • The Flash: Full Throttle Vol. 2 collects The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive miniseries #1-7, All-Flash vol. 2 #1, DCU Infinite Holiday Special #1, 208 pages, December 5, 2007, ISBN 978-1-4012-1567-5
  • The Flash: The Wild Wests collects The Flash vol. 2 #231-237, 160 pages, August 2008, ISBN 978-1401218287
  • The Flash Vol. 2 Re-release:
    • The Flash by Mark Waid Book One collects The Flash vol. 2 #62-68, Annual #4-5, Flash Special #1, 368 pages, December 2016, ISBN 978-1401267353
    • The Flash by Mark Waid Book Two collects Green Lantern #30-31, The Flash vol. 2 #69-79, Annual #6, Justice League International Quarterly #10, 432 pages, May 2017, ISBN 978-1401268442
    • The Flash by Mark Waid Book Three collects The Flash vol. 2 #80-94, 368 pages, October 2017, ISBN 978-1401273927
    • The Flash by Mark Waid Book Four collects The Flash vol. 2 #0, #95-105, and Annual #8, 368 pages, April 2018, ISBN 978-1401278212
    • The Flash by Mark Waid Book Five collects The Flash vol. 2 #106-118 and Impulse #10-11, 368 pages, October 2018, ISBN 978-1401284602
    • The Flash by Grant Morrison & Mark Millar collects The Flash vol. 2 #130-141, Green Lantern Vol. 3 #96, Green Arrow Vol. 2 #130 334 pages, April 2016, ISBN 978-1-4012-6102-3
    • The Flash By Geoff Johns Book One collects The Flash vol. 2 #164-176, The Flash: Iron Heights #1, 368 pages, December 2015, ISBN 978-1401258733
    • The Flash By Geoff Johns Book Two collects The Flash vol. 2 #177-188, The Flash: Our Worlds at War #1, The Flash Secret Files #3, and DC First: FLash/Superman #1, 408 pages, May 2016, ISBN 978-1401261016
    • The Flash By Geoff Johns Book Three collects The Flash vol. 2 #189-200, 350 pages, November 2016. ISBN 978-1401264987
    • The Flash By Geoff Johns Book Four collects The Flash vol. 2 #201-213, 320 pages, December 5, 2017. ISBN 978-1401273651
    • The Flash By Geoff Johns Book Five collects The Flash vol. 2 #214-225, 336 pages, July 10, 2018. ISBN 978-1401281076

Omnibus Releases

  • The Flash Omnibus by Geoff Johns:
    • Volume 1 collects The Flash vol. 2 #164-176, The Flash: Our Worlds at War #1, The Flash: Iron Heights, The Flash Secret Files #3, 448 pages, May 2011, ISBN 978-1401230685[63]
    • Volume 2 collects The Flash vol. 2 #177-200, DC First: Flash/Superman #1, 648 pages, April 2012, ISBN 978-1401233914[64]
    • Volume 3 collects The Flash vol. 2 #201-225, Wonder Woman #214, 656 pages, September 2012, ISBN 978-1401237172[65]
Title Material collected Pages Publication Date ISBN
Vol. 3
The Flash: Rebirth The Flash: Rebirth #1-6 168 May 3, 2010 978-1401225681
The Flash Vol. 1: The Dastardly Death of the Rogues The Flash vol. 3 #1-8, The Flash Secret Files 2010 228 January 17, 2012 978-1401231958
The Flash Vol. 2: The Road to Flashpoint The Flash vol. 3 #9-12 128 November 2011 978-1401232795

New 52

# Title Material collected Pages Publication Date ISBN
1 Move Forward The Flash vol. 4 #1-8 192 August 20, 2013 978-1401235536
2 Rogues Revolution The Flash vol. 4 #9-12, #0, and The Flash Annual #1 176 February 11, 2014 978-1401240318
3 Gorilla Warfare The Flash vol. 4 #13-19 176 August 19, 2014 978-1401242749
4 Reverse The Flash vol. 4 #20-25 and #23.2: Reverse-Flash #1 176 January 20, 2015 978-1401247133
5 History Lessons The Flash vol. 4 #26-29 and The Flash Annual #2 144 September 8, 2015 978-1401249502
6 Out of Time The Flash vol. 4 #30-35, The Flash Annual #3 and The Flash: Futures End #1 208 January 19, 2016 978-1401254278
7 Savage World The Flash vol. 4 #36-40 and Secret Origins vol. 3 #7 144 August 9, 2016 978-1401258757
8 Zoom The Flash vol. 4 #41-47 and Convergence: Detective Comics 224 November 22, 2016 978-1401263669
9 Full Stop The Flash vol. 4 #48-52 168 August 17, 2017 978-1401269258
The Flash by Francis Manapul and Brian Buccellato Omnibus The Flash vol. 4 #0-25 and #23.2: Reverse-Flash #1 480 November 22, 2016 978-1401261030

DC Rebirth

# Title Material collected Pages Publication Date ISBN
Paperback
1 Lightning Strikes Twice The Flash: Rebirth, #1-8 216 January 24, 2017 978-1401267841
2 Speed of Darkness The Flash vol. 5 #9-13 128 May 23, 2017 978-1401268930
3 Rogues Reloaded The Flash vol. 5 #14-20 168 August 1, 2017 978-1401271572
4 Running Scared The Flash vol. 5 #23-27 136 November 21, 2017 978-1401274627
5 Negative The Flash vol. 5 #28-32 128 March 27, 2018 978-1401277277
6 Cold Day in Hell The Flash vol. 5 #34-38, Annual #1 128 June 19, 2018 978-1401280789
7 Perfect Storm The Flash vol. 5 #39-45 184 October 2, 2018 978-1401284527
8 Flash War The Flash vol. 5 #46-51, a story from Annual #1 160 December 18, 2018 978-1401283506
9 The Flash vol. 5 #52-56 160 April 2, 2019 978-1401288556
Deluxe Hardcovers
Batman/The Flash: The Button The Flash vol. 5 #21-22, Batman vol. 3 #21-22 104 October 17, 2017 978-1401276447
1 The Flash: Rebirth #1, #1-13 336 August 1, 2017 978-1401271589
2 The Flash vol. 5 #14-27 244 May 1, 2018 978-1401278427
3 The Flash vol. 5 #28-38 264 October 2, 2018 978-1401281403
4 352 May 14, 2019 978-1401289393

References

  1. ^ Williamson, Joshua; Duce, Christian; Luis, Guerrero. The Flash (2016-) #52 (1st ed.). USA: Marvel Comics. p. 23. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b Irvine, Alex; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1950s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. In March 1959, The Flash was back, care of writer John Broome and artist Carmine Infantino. The series continued the numbering from Flash Comics and gave Barry Allen his own title. Issue #105 also debuted the Mirror Master.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Daniels, Les (1995). "Flashback The Return of the Super Hero". DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. New York, New York: Bulfinch Press. p. 117. ISBN 0-8212-2076-4.
  4. ^ Irvine "1950s" in Dolan, p. 94: "Two popular villains debuted in The Flash #106...'Menace of the Super-Gorilla' saw Barry Allen battle Gorilla Grodd...[and] in 'The Pied Piper of Peril', Hartley Rathaway...hired himself out to criminals as the Pied Piper and became Allen's nemesis."
  5. ^ McAvennie, Michael "1960s" in Dolan, p. 101: "Writer John Broome and artist Carmine Infantino kept even the Flash off-balance when they introduced George 'Digger' Harkness and his hand-held rebounding weaponry."
  6. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 105: "A failed stage magician from the 64th century, Abra Kadabra debuted in this story by writer John Broome and artist Carmine Infantino."
  7. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 109: "This issue saw 25th-century criminal Eobard Thawne use his era's advanced science on an old Flash costume. The suit gave Thawne reverse super-speed."
  8. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 100: "Editor Julius Schwartz, writer John Broome, and artist Carmine Infantino introduced the Elongated Man, a stretchable super-sleuth."
  9. ^ a b McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 103: "This classic Silver Age story resurrected the Golden Age Flash and provided a foundation for the Multiverse from which he and the Silver Age Flash would hail."
  10. ^ Fox, Gardner (w), Infantino, Carmine (p), Giella, Joe (i). "Flash of Two Worlds!" The Flash 123 (September 1961)
  11. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 119: "Barry Allen and iris West's wedding day...was [DC's] most anticipated...Writer John Broome and artist Carmine Infantino were the team behind the nuptials in the story 'One Bridegroom Too Many!'"
  12. ^ Bridwell, E. Nelson (w), Andru, Ross (p), Esposito, Mike (i). "The Race to the End of the Universe" The Flash 175 (December 1967)
  13. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 130: "Trapped on 'Earth-Prime', the Flash knew only one man could possibly help him: DC Comics editor Julius Schwartz."
  14. ^ Bates, Cary (w), Novick, Irv (p), Blaisdell, Tex (i). "The Day I Saved the Life of the Flash" The Flash 228 (July–August 1974)
  15. ^ Greenberger, Robert (May 2013). "Green Lantern The Emerald Backups". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (64): 3–9.
  16. ^ Julius Schwartz (editor) at the Grand Comics Database
  17. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 182: "Life for the Fastest Man Alive screeched to a halt after writer Cary Bates and artist Alex Saviuk played 'The Last Dance' for the Flash's wife, Iris West Allen."
  18. ^ Coates, John (2014). Don Heck: A Work of Art. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 92. ISBN 978-1605490588.
  19. ^ Weiss, Brett (December 2013). "The Flash #300". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (69): 58–60.
  20. ^ Riley, Shannon E. (May 2013). "A Matter of (Dr.) Fate Martin Pasko and Keith Giffen Discuss Their Magical Flash Backup Series". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (64): 64–68.
  21. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 203: "Written by Cary Bates, with art by Flash legend Carmine Infantino, the story saw...[the Flash] accidentally break the Reverse-Flash's neck."
  22. ^ Cary Bates (editor) at the Grand Comics Database
  23. ^ Bates, Cary (2011). Showcase Presents: Trial of the Flash. DC Comics. p. 592. ISBN 1-4012-3182-9.
  24. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Ordway, Jerry (i). "Final Crisis" Crisis on Infinite Earths 12 (March 1986)
  25. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 228: "Written by Mike Baron, with art by Jackson Guice, the Flash's new adventures began with his twentieth birthday party."
  26. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 265: "The brainchild of writer Mark Waid and artist Mike Wieringo, Impulse burst onto the scene at quite a pace. Young Bart Allen, the grandson of the Silver Age Flash, Barry Allen, was raised in a future timeline."
  27. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 285: "Wally West was going to marry his longtime love interest Linda Park...thanks to writers Mark Waid and Brian Augustyn, and artist Pop Mhan."
  28. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Unzueta, Angel (p), Hazlewood, Doug (i). "Lightning in a Bottle" The Flash v2, 164 (September 2000)
  29. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Snejbjerg, Peter (p), Snejbjerg, Peter (i). "Rogue Profile: Heat Wave" The Flash v2, 218 (March 2005)
  30. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Kolins, Scott (p), Hazlewood, Doug (i). "Rogue Profile: Zoom" The Flash v2, 197 (June 2003)
  31. ^ Guggenheim, Marc (w), Daniel, Tony (p), Glapion, Jonathan; Alquiza, Marlo; Daniel, Tony (i). "Full Throttle: Conclusion" The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive 13 (August 2007)
  32. ^ Burnett, Alan (w), Barberi, Carlo; Calafiore, Jim; Coelho, Andre (p), Eguren, Jacob; Geraci, Drew; Coelho, Andre (i). "This Was Your Life, Wally West, Part Four: Incubation" The Flash v2, 247 (February 2009)
  33. ^ Morrison, Grant (w), Jones, J. G. (p), Jones, J. G. (i). "Ticket to Bludhaven" Final Crisis 2 (August 2008)
  34. ^ Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 337: "Writer Geoff Johns and artist Ethan Van Sciver...joined forces again to relaunch Barry Allen as the Flash."
  35. ^ John, Geoff (w), Van Sciver, Ethan (p), Van Sciver, Ethan (i). "Lightning Strikes Twice" The Flash: Rebirth 1 (June 2009)
  36. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Kolins, Scott (p), Kolins, Scott (i). "This is the Flash" Blackest Night: The Flash 1 (February 2010)
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External links

Arrowverse

The Arrowverse is an American media franchise and shared fictional universe that is centered on various television series airing on The CW and web series airing on CW Seed. The series were developed by Greg Berlanti, Marc Guggenheim, Andrew Kreisberg, Ali Adler, Phil Klemmer, and Geoff Johns, and based on characters appearing in publications by DC Comics. The shared universe, much like the DC Universe in comic books, was established by crossing over common plot elements, settings, cast, and characters that span across four live-action television series and two animated series.

The fictional universe began with Arrow, based on the character Green Arrow, which debuted in October 2012. It was shortly followed by The Flash in 2014, and the animated web-series Vixen in 2015. The universe was expanded in 2016, when in January of that year a new series titled Legends of Tomorrow debuted, which would star characters who originally appeared on both Arrow and The Flash. The universe then expanded yet again later that year when the CBS series Supergirl was moved to The CW for its second season, where it has remained. A second animated web-series, Freedom Fighters: The Ray, was released in 2017, which followed Ray Terrill / The Ray, who would make a live-action appearance during that year's crossover event "Crisis on Earth-X". In addition to the live-action and web-based series, the universe has spawned three promotional tie-in live-action web series, Blood Rush, Chronicles of Cisco, and The Flash: Stretched Scenes; released in 2013, 2016, and 2017 respectively. Since 2014, there has been a yearly crossover event involving many of the live-action series of the Arrowverse. Additionally, Matt Ryan has reprised his role as John Constantine from the NBC series Constantine, in guest appearances in episodes of Arrow and Legends of Tomorrow, before becoming a series regular for the latter.

Batman (comic book)

Batman is an ongoing American comic book series featuring the DC Comics superhero Batman as its main protagonist. The character first appeared in Detective Comics #27 (cover dated May 1939). Batman proved to be so popular that a self-titled ongoing comic book series began publication with a cover date of Spring 1940. It was first advertised in early April 1940, one month after the first appearance of his new sidekick, Robin, the Boy Wonder.

Though the Batman comic book was initially launched as a quarterly publication, it later became a bimonthly series through the late 1950s, after which it became a monthly publication and has remained so since. In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, the original Batman series ended and was relaunched with a new first issue.

In 2016, DC Comics began a second relaunch of its entire line of titles called DC Rebirth. Batman (vol. 3) #1 (August 2016) was the debut bimonthly relaunch of the comic book series.

Blue Trinity

The Blue Trinity are a series of Russian supervillains, created by DC Comics, that debuted in The Flash comic book series in The Flash Vol.2 # 7 (December 1987), unlike its predecessors, the Red Trinity, this team was emotionally unstable and abnormally strong, making them antagonistic in the stories of the Flash, and eventually, becoming supervillains.

Comic book

A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are often accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative, usually dialog contained in word balloons emblematic of the comics art form. Although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan, comic books were first popularized in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1930s. The first modern comic book, Famous Funnies, was released in the U.S. in 1933 and was a reprinting of earlier newspaper humor comic strips, which had established many of the story-telling devices used in comics. The term comic book derives from American comic books once being a compilation of comic strips of a humorous tone; however, this practice was replaced by featuring stories of all genres, usually not humorous in tone.

The largest comic book market is Japan. By 1995, the manga market in Japan was valued at ¥586.4 billion ($6–7 billion), with annual sales of 1.9 billion manga books/magazines in Japan (equivalent to 15 issues per person). The comic book market in the United States and Canada was valued at $1.09 billion in 2016. As of 2017, the largest comic book publisher in the United States is manga distributor Viz Media, followed by DC Comics and Marvel Comics. Another major comic book market is France, where Franco-Belgian comics and Japanese manga each represent 40% of the market, followed by American comics at 10% market share.

Flash in other media

Throughout his 76-year history, the Flash has appeared in numerous media.

Geomancer (comics)

Geomancer is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics.

Geomancer made his live appearance on the second season of The Flash played by Adam Stafford.

Golden Age of Comic Books

The Golden Age of Comic Books describes an era of American comic books from the late 1930s to circa 1950. During this time, modern comic books were first published and rapidly increased in popularity. The superhero archetype was created and many well-known characters were introduced, including Superman, Batman, Captain Marvel (later known as SHAZAM!), Captain America, and Wonder Woman.

History of American comics

The history of American comics began in the 19th century in the realm of mass print media and yellow journalism, where they served as a boon to mass readership. In the 20th century, comics became an autonomous art medium and an integral part of American culture.

Silver Age of Comic Books

The Silver Age of Comic Books was a period of artistic advancement and widespread commercial success in mainstream American comic books, predominantly those in the superhero genre. Following the Golden Age of Comic Books and an interregnum in the early to mid-1950s, the Silver Age is considered to cover the period from 1956 to circa 1970, and was succeeded by the Bronze and Modern Ages.The popularity and circulation of comic books about superheroes had declined following World War II, and comic books about horror, crime and romance took larger shares of the market. However, controversy arose over alleged links between comic books and juvenile delinquency, focusing in particular on crime and horror titles. In 1954, publishers implemented the Comics Code Authority to regulate comic content.

In the wake of these changes, publishers began introducing superhero stories again, a change that began with the introduction of a new version of DC Comics' The Flash in Showcase #4 (Oct. 1956). In response to strong demand, DC began publishing more superhero titles including Justice League of America, which prompted Marvel Comics to follow suit beginning with Fantastic Four #1.

A number of important comics writers and artists contributed to the early part of the era, including writers Stan Lee, Gardner Fox, John Broome, and Robert Kanigher, and artists Curt Swan, Jack Kirby, Gil Kane, Steve Ditko, Mike Sekowsky, Gene Colan, Carmine Infantino, John Buscema, and John Romita, Sr. By the end of the Silver Age, a new generation of talent had entered the field, including writers Denny O'Neil, Gary Friedrich, Roy Thomas, and Archie Goodwin, and artists such as Neal Adams, Herb Trimpe, Jim Steranko, and Barry Windsor-Smith.

Silver Age comics have become collectible, with a copy of Amazing Fantasy #15 (Aug. 1962), the debut of Spider-Man, selling for $1.1 million in 2011.

Supergirl (TV series)

Supergirl is an American superhero action-adventure television series developed by Ali Adler, Greg Berlanti and Andrew Kreisberg (the latter two having previously created Arrow and The Flash) that originally aired on CBS and premiered on October 26, 2015. It is based on the DC Comics character Supergirl, created by Otto Binder and Al Plastino, and stars Melissa Benoist in the title role. Supergirl is a costumed superheroine who is Superman's cousin and one of the last surviving Kryptonians. The series is set in the Arrowverse, sharing continuity with the other television series of the universe.

The series was officially picked up on May 6, 2015, after receiving a series commitment in September 2014, and received a full season order on November 30, 2015. Since the second season, which was ordered in May 2016, the series has aired on The CW. On April 2, 2018, The CW renewed the series for a fourth season, which premiered on October 14, 2018. The show has received generally positive reviews from critics, who praised the cast's performances, the creative direction, and the themes addressed. On January 31, 2019, The CW renewed the series for a fifth season.

Superman (comic book)

Superman is an ongoing American comic book series featuring the DC Comics superhero Superman as its main protagonist. Superman began as one of several anthology features in the National Periodical Publications comic book Action Comics #1 in June 1938. The strip proved so popular that National launched Superman into his own self-titled comic book, the first for any superhero, premiering with the cover date Summer 1939. Between 1986 and 2006 it was retitled The Adventures of Superman while a new series used the title Superman. In May 2006, it was returned to its original title and numbering. The title was canceled with issue #714 in 2011, and was relaunched with issue #1 the following month which ended its run in 2016. A fourth series was released with issue #1 in June 2016 and ended in April 2018. A fifth series with new issue #1 was launched in July 2018.

The Flash (1990 TV series)

The Flash is a 1990 American television series developed by the writing team of Danny Bilson and Paul De Meo that aired on CBS. It is based on the DC Comics character Barry Allen / Flash, a costumed superhero crime-fighter with the power to move at superhuman speeds. The Flash starred John Wesley Shipp as Allen, along with Amanda Pays, and Alex Désert.

The Flash (2014 TV series)

The Flash is an American superhero television series developed by Greg Berlanti, Andrew Kreisberg, and Geoff Johns, airing on The CW. It is based on the DC Comics character Barry Allen / Flash, a costumed superhero crime-fighter with the power to move at superhuman speeds. It is a spin-off from Arrow, existing in the same fictional universe. The series follows Barry Allen, portrayed by Grant Gustin, a crime scene investigator who gains super-human speed, which he uses to fight criminals, including others who have also gained superhuman abilities.

Initially envisioned as a backdoor pilot, the positive reception Gustin received during two appearances as Barry on Arrow led to executives choosing to develop a full pilot to make use of a larger budget and help flesh out Barry's world in more detail. Colleen Atwood, costume designer for Arrow, was brought in to design the Flash's suit. The creative team wanted to make sure that the Flash would resemble his comic book counterpart, and not simply be a poor imitation. The series is primarily filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

The Flash premiered in North America on October 7, 2014, where the pilot became the second-most watched premiere in the history of The CW, after The Vampire Diaries in 2009. It has been well received by critics and audiences, and won the People's Choice Award for "Favorite New TV Drama" in 2014. The series, together with Arrow, has spun characters out to their own show, Legends of Tomorrow, which premiered on January 21, 2016. On April 2, 2018, The CW renewed the series for a fifth season, which premiered on October 9, 2018. On January 31, 2019, The CW renewed the series for a sixth season.

The Flash (season 2)

The second season of the American television series The Flash, which is based on the DC Comics character Barry Allen / Flash, sees Barry recognized as a hero in Central City after saving the city, only to face a new threat from a parallel universe in the form of the speedster Zoom, who seeks to eliminate everyone connected to the Speed Force throughout the multiverse. It is set in the Arrowverse, sharing continuity with the other television series of the universe, and is a spin-off of Arrow. The season was produced by Berlanti Productions, Warner Bros. Television, and DC Entertainment, with Andrew Kreisberg, Gabrielle Stanton, Aaron Helbing, and Todd Helbing serving as showrunners.

The season was ordered in January 2015, and filmed from that July to the following April in Vancouver. Grant Gustin stars as Barry, alongside principal cast members Candice Patton, Danielle Panabaker, Carlos Valdes, Tom Cavanagh, and Jesse L. Martin also returning from the first season, and are joined by Keiynan Lonsdale. This season also introduces characters from Legends of Tomorrow, which was being developed as a spin-off.

The first episode of the season premiered on October 6, 2015, with the season, consisting of 23 episodes, airing on The CW until May 24, 2016. The premiere was watched by 3.58 million viewers, down from the first season premiere but average for the series. The second season of The Flash received universal acclaim from critics, and finished as the 112th ranked show, slightly up from season one, with an average viewership of 4.25 million. The series was renewed for a third season on March 11, 2016.

Tina McGee

Tina McGee is a fictional character appearing in The Flash comic book series published by DC Comics. She first appeared in Flash (vol. 2) #3. Tina McGee is a nutritionist and researcher for STAR Labs.

Tina McGee made her live action debut in the 1990 television series The Flash as part of the main cast portrayed by Amanda Pays. Pays returned to portray a different version of Tina McGee as a recurring character in The CW television series The Flash.

Welcome to Earth-2

"Welcome to Earth-2" is the thirteenth episode, and first part of a two-part story arc, of the second season of the American television series The Flash, based on the DC Comics character Barry Allen / Flash, a crime scene investigator who gains super-human speed, which he uses to fight criminals, including others who have also gained superhuman abilities. It is set in the Arrowverse, sharing continuity with the other television series of the universe, and is a spin-off of Arrow. The episode was written by Katherine Walczak from a story by Greg Berlanti and Andrew Kreisberg, and directed by Millicent Shelton.

Grant Gustin stars as Barry, and is joined by principal cast members Candice Patton, Danielle Panabaker, Carlos Valdes, Keiynan Lonsdale, Tom Cavanagh, and Jesse L. Martin. The episode sees Barry, Cisco Ramon and Harry Wells travel to the parallel universe Earth-2 to rescue Harry's daughter Jesse from Zoom, while back on Earth-1, Jay Garrick takes over Barry's crime fighting duties when the metahuman Geomancer attacks Central City. The episode sees the majority of main cast members also playing their Earth-2 doppelgängers.

"Welcome to Earth-2" originally aired on The CW on February 9, 2016, and according to Nielsen Media Research, was watched by 3.96 million viewers, the show's largest viewership since February 2015. It was the series' highest rating in the 18–34 demographic since its premiere and highest 18–49 rating since the crossover "Flash vs. Arrow". The episode received an overwhelmingly positive critical response, and many critics called it the best episode of the series to that point. The arc established in this episode concluded with the following episode, "Escape from Earth-2".

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