The English High School

The English High School of Boston, Massachusetts, is the first public high school in America, founded in 1821. Originally called The English Classical School, it was renamed The English High School upon its first relocation in 1824.[4] The current building is located in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston. The school is a part of Boston Public Schools (BPS).

The English High School
The English High School is located in Greater Boston area
The English High School
The English High School
The English High School is located in Massachusetts
The English High School
The English High School
The English High School is located in the United States
The English High School
The English High School
144 McBride Street


United States
CoordinatesCoordinates: 42°18′23″N 71°06′34″W / 42.3063°N 71.1094°W
School typePublic high school
School districtBoston Public Schools
HeadmasterCaitlin Murphy[2]
Enrollment586 (2015-16)[3]
Color(s)     Columbia blue
     Navy blue
MascotEnglish Eagle
NicknameBlue & Blue
RivalBoston Latin School
NewspaperThe English High School Record
Information(617) 282-2424


Boston English was created at the urging of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics Association and was modeled after the Royal High School in Edinburgh, Scotland. The School Committee to establish English High School was chaired by Samuel Adams Wells, grandson of former Governor Samuel Adams. Its first headmaster was Dr. George B. Emerson, an early leader in educational reform. English, like Boston Latin School, only admitted boys when established—although a separate high school for girls was established in Boston by Dr. Emerson in 1824. Boston English became coeducational in 1972, 151 years after its founding.

Boston English has had seven locations. Its first site was on Derne Street at the rear of the Massachusetts State House and is marked by a metal plaque. Its second home was a building (still standing) at the corner of Pinkney and Anderson Streets, which eventually became the Phillips School, a school for then free born and emancipated African-Americans before the American Civil War. From 1844 to 1922, Boston English was adjacent to the Boston Latin School, first near downtown Boston and then in a building (now demolished) on Warren Street in the South End. From 1954 to 1989, Boston English was at 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, across the street from Boston Latin (78 Avenue Louis Pasteur). This site is now part of Harvard Medical School.

The motto of the school has been: "The aim of every English High School boy is to become a man of honor and achievement." The current motto of the school is "Honor, Achievement, Service to Mankind".


English High was created originally to educate working-class schoolboys in preparation for business, mechanics, and engineering trades as opposed to "Latin-grammar" schools like Boston Latin that prepared schoolboys for the college, ministry and scholarly pursuits, and private academies that were open only to affluent residents. Its original curriculum consisted of such courses as English, surveying, navigation, geography, logic, and civics as well as a strong emphasis on mathematics.[5]

Nowadays, English High has opened up its curriculum to include more liberal arts subjects such as foreign languages and writing as well as performing arts and more college preparatory courses. It has received an experimental "Commonwealth Co-Pilot School" status, geared toward improving the curriculum of urban schools. For a while, the school had an award-winning mock trial team as well.

English High School has an English-Language Learners program, which was run for many years by Francisco Ruiz.[6]


This is one of the few schools that offer AVID. AVID is the acronym for Advancement Via Individual Determination, an American college-readiness system. AVID is designed to increase the number of students who enroll in four-year colleges, focusing on students in the academic middle by raising the expectations of students. Originating at the high school level, the program now serves grades 4–12 (roughly, ages 10–18).

Extracurricular activities


Each Thanksgiving since 1887, English has played Boston Latin School in football in the oldest continuing high school rivalry in the United States. It is also the fourth longest U.S. high school rivalry of all time. In the 1993 football season, the football team made history by being the first team in school history to ever qualify for the Massachusetts State Championship. The Bulldogs (or Blue & Blue) defeated the Nantucket Whalers by the score of 16–7 to claim its school's first state championship. The '97 football team was the first team to go undefeated with a 12–0 record and English's second football state championship. Since 2005 the baseball team has started by a winning record of 18–0 and defeating their rivals the Brighton Bengals, and since then the baseball team has never let up and has won 2 city championships. English High also has competitive basketball, softball, volleyball, and track teams. Up until the 1980s, the school had a boys' hockey team, a golf team, and swimming teams for both boys and girls.

Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps

This school offers a JROTC program. The program's mission is to motivate students to become better citizens. The program is led by Col. D. Bennett and Command Sergeant Major Hornbuckle. The students participate in drill competitions, community service projects, academic competitions, and town parades to name a few. Selected cadets also attend a summer leadership camp at Fort Devens, MA in place of school for one week in June where they do activities such as obstacle courses, aquatics, rifle marksmanship, and rappelling off of 30 and 60-foot towers. English High JROTC has many partnerships with civic organizations, most notably the Roslindale Parade Committee, the Columbus Day Parade Committee, the City of Boston Veterans Day Committee and the Dorchester Day Parade Committee and the annual Special Olympics at White Stadium in Jamaica Plain.

Notable alumni

Image gallery

2010 PhillipsSchool AndersonSt PinckneySt Boston

Former building of English High School, Pinckney St., Boston (photo 2010)

EnglishSchool KingsBoston1881

English and Latin Schools, Boston, ca.1881

1920 English High School Boston 2589540239

English High School, 1920

English High School - 403002054 - City of Boston Archives

English High School on Montgomery St., the 1920s (?)


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Became headmaster of the English High School". June 24, 2017.
  3. ^ "The English High". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica 1993 ed. "Education, History of", page 49
  5. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica 1993 ed. "Education, History of", page 49
  6. ^ Sanchez, Claudio (July 4, 2009). "Boston Teacher Pushes English-Language Learners".
  7. ^ Smith, E. Stratford (March 26, 1992). "Oral Histories: Robert Brooks". Penn State Collection. The Cable Center. Retrieved August 17, 2014.

Further reading

External links

1894 Argentine Primera División

The 1894 Primera División was the 3rd season of top-flight football in Argentina. The season began on April 15 and ended on September 9.The championship was won by Lomas Athletic, that become the first team to retain the league title. The runner-up was Rosario A.C., which made its debut at the tournament along with Retiro A.C. Most of the results of the games and the goals scored information have been lost.The English High School club dissolved so the team did not take part of the tournament although its players joined Lanús A.C. and Lobos, which registered to the Association. St. Andrew's, the first Argentine champion, returned to the League. Buenos Aires and Rosario Railway left the tournament soon after it had started.

1894 in Argentine football

1894 in Argentine football saw Lomas A.C. become the first team to retain the Primera División championship. The runner-up was Rosario A.C., which made its debut at the tournament along with Retiro Athletic. Most of the results of the games and the goals scored information have been lost. The English High School A.C. team dissolved so the team did not take part of the tournament although its players joined Lanús A.C. and Lobos A.C., which registered to the Association. St. Andrew's, the first Argentine champion, returned to the League. Buenos Aires and Rosario Railway left the tournament soon after it had started.

1900 Argentine Primera División

The 1900 Primera División was the 9th season of top-flight football in Argentina. The season began on May 20 and ended on September 8.The title was won by the English High School A.C., after their members joined again to the team to request their affiliation to the Association. Quilmes Rovers also returned under its new name "Quilmes Atlético Club". Both teams replaced Lobos and Lanús Athletic.

The championship continued with the 4 team league format, with each team playing the other twice.

Bill Meanix

William Henry "Bill" Meanix (January 18, 1892 – October 13, 1957) was an American track and field athlete. He held the world record in the 440 yd hurdles from 1915 to 1920, and he won the event the first two times it was contested at the United States championships.

Blackstone Valley Regional Vocational Technical High School

Blackstone Valley Regional Vocational Technical High School, or BVT for short, is a technical high school in Upton, Massachusetts, serving the thirteen towns of the Blackstone Valley. The school offers eighteen technical programs that students can enroll in to learn more about that trade.

Bridgewater-Raynham Regional High School

Bridgewater Raynham Regional High School, founded in 1961, is a regional high school in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, shared by the towns of Bridgewater and Raynham. The high school, commonly referred to as B-R, relocated to a new building at 415 Center Street in 2007. The athletic teams are called the Trojans and the school colors are red, blue, and white.

Cambridge Rindge and Latin School

The Cambridge Rindge and Latin School, also known as CRLS or "Rindge," is a public high school in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. It is a part of the Cambridge Public School District. In 1977, two separate schools, the Rindge Technical School and Cambridge High and Latin School, merged to form the Cambridge Rindge and Latin School. The newly built high school at the time increased it's capacity to more than 2000 students from all four grades.

The school is divided into 'Learning Communities.' The Learning Communities are called C, R, L, and S. Until June 2000, the subdivisions were called Houses: Pilot, Fundamental, House A, Academy, Leadership, and the Rindge School of Technical Arts or RSTA. In 1990, RSTA became a "house" within the main CRLS school. The "Houses" then became "Learning Communities" C, R, L, and S.

The High School Extension Program, at the site of the old Longfellow School, just down Broadway, offers a nontraditional approach to the high school learning process, handling only 60–100 students at a time. In 2009 and 2010, the building became a temporary freshman academy to accommodate renovations.

CRLS is noted for its diversity.Beginning in 2003, the City of Cambridge mobilized an ambitious plan to renovate the high school. The project was claimed to be "the first major renovation and refurbishing of the 35-year-old [sic] high school building." The project continued to be pushed back, due to state funding issues and other obstructions along the way. In 2006, the state announced a return in funding, and by the Spring 2007 the School Committee started looking at wider ranging renovations for the building. The renovations were undertaken in 2009-2011.

Everett High School (Massachusetts)

Everett High School is a public high school in Everett, Massachusetts operated by Everett Public Schools. The school's previous building was located on Broadway in Everett for almost a century. A new high school was built on Elm Street, which opened in September 2007.

Gardner High School

Gardner High School (GHS) is a public high school serving students in grades 8-12 in Gardner, Massachusetts.

George A. Loud

Colonel George Alvin Loud (June 18, 1852 – November 13, 1925) was a politician and businessman from the U.S. state of Michigan.

Loud was born in Bainbridge Township, Geauga County, Ohio, and moved with his parents (Henry M. Loud and Vilitta Kile) to Massachusetts in 1856 and then to Au Sable, Michigan, in 1866. He attended the English High School in Boston, and Professor Patterson's School at Detroit, He graduated from Ann Arbor High School (now Pioneer High School) in 1869. He was vice president and general manager of the Au Sable and Northwestern Railroad. For four years he was a colonel on the staff of Michigan Governor Hazen S. Pingree. He was paymaster on the U.S. revenue cutter McCulloch when it participated in the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish–American War.

Loud was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 10th congressional district to the 58th United States Congress and to the four succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1903 to March 3, 1913. In 1912, Loud was defeated by Progressive Roy O. Woodruff. Loud defeated Woodruff in 1914 to be elected to the 64th Congress, serving from March 4, 1915 to March 3, 1917. In 1916, Loud was defeated in the Republican Party primary elections by Gilbert A. Currie.

Loud returned to engage in the lumber business at Au Sable. He was killed in an automobile accident at Myrtle Point, Oregon and was interred in Au Sable Cemetery in Oscoda.

Hamilton-Wenham Regional High School

Hamilton-Wenham Regional High School (HWRHS) is a public high school in South Hamilton, Massachusetts, United States. It is the only high school in the Hamilton-Wenham Regional School District, which has its administrative offices in Wenham, Massachusetts.

J. P. Morgan

John Pierpont Morgan Sr. (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913) was an American financier and banker who dominated corporate finance on Wall Street throughout the Gilded Age. As the head of the banking firm that became known as J.P. Morgan and Co., he played a central role in the wave of industrial consolidation during the late 19th and early 20th century.

In 1892, Morgan arranged the merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Electric Company to form General Electric. He also played important roles in the formation of the United States Steel Corporation, International Harvester and AT&T. At the height of Morgan's career during the early twentieth century, he and his partners had financial investments in many large corporations and had significant influence over the nation's high finance and United States Congress members. He directed the banking coalition that stopped the Panic of 1907. He was the leading financier of the Progressive Era, and his dedication to efficiency and modernization helped transform American business. Adrian Wooldridge characterized Morgan as America's "greatest banker".Morgan died in Rome, Italy, in his sleep in 1913 at the age of 75, leaving his fortune and business to his son, John Pierpont Morgan Jr. Biographer Ron Chernow estimated his fortune at only $118 million (of which approximately $50 million was attributed to his vast art collection), a net worth which allegedly prompted John D. Rockefeller to say: "and to think, he wasn't even a rich man."

Jorge Brown

Jorge Gibson Brown (3 April 1880 – 3 January 1936) was an Argentine footballer of Scottish ancestry, who was one of the most important figures in the early years of the sport in that country. During his career, he won a total of 21 titles playing for Alumni and Quilmes and captained the Argentina national team between 1908 and 1913.

King Philip Regional High School

King Philip Regional High School is a regional high school in Massachusetts drawing students from three towns: Wrentham, Norfolk, and Plainville. The school is located at 201 Franklin Street in Wrentham.

Marblehead High School

Marblehead High School is a four-year high school located in Marblehead, Massachusetts, United States. The school has approximately 970 students. The current campus began construction in 2001, and opened for the 2002–2003 school year. In 2002, National Grand Bank opened a student-operated bank branch in the school.

National Theatre, Boston (1911)

The National Theatre (1911-1978) of Boston, Massachusetts, was a 3,500-seat multipurpose auditorium on Tremont Street in the South End. It functioned as a cinema, lecture hall, and stage. Performers included Jehovah's Witness founder Joseph F. Rutherford and "big-name entertainers like Duke Ellington and Ray Bolger." Movie screenings included The Battle of Gettysburg in 1913. The English High School held graduation exercises in the National. Around 1919 it was known as the "Waldorf Theater." in 1992, it was purchased by Philip Smith.The space operated "intermittently after World War II for plays and movies." Among the audience members: clothing designer Joseph Abboud. The National closed in 1978. The Boston Center for the Arts oversaw the property thereafter, when it was subject to numerous plans for redevelopment. The building existed until 1997, when it was demolished.

Northshore Academy, Beverly

Northshore Academy is a small alternative high school in Beverly, Massachusetts.

Phillips School

The Phillips School was a 19th-century school located in Beacon Hill, Boston, Massachusetts. It is now a private residence. It is on the Black Heritage Trail and its history is included in walking tours by the Boston African American National Historic Site. Built in 1824, it was a school for white children. After Massachusetts law from 1855 required school desegregation, Phillips was one of the first integrated schools in Boston.

Triton Regional High School (Massachusetts)

Triton Regional High School is a suburban regional public high school in the village of Byfield, Massachusetts, United States, within the town of Newbury. The school serves the towns of Newbury, Rowley and Salisbury.

Massachusetts public high schools
Barnstable County
Berkshire County
Bristol County
Dukes County
Essex County
Franklin County
Hampden County
Hampshire County
Middlesex County
Nantucket County
Norfolk County
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