The Deep (aquarium)

The Deep is a public aquarium situated at Sammy's Point, at the confluence of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary in Hull, England. It opened in March 2002.

Billed as "the world's only submarium",[4] the tanks contain thousands of sea creatures (including seven species of shark), 2,500,000 litres (550,000 imp gal; 660,000 US gal) of water and 87 tonnes (96 short tons; 86 long tons) of salt housed in a building designed by Sir Terry Farrell and built as part of the UK National Lottery's Millennium Commission project.

The Deep is also a landmark centre for marine research. Staff marine biologists look after the animals in The Deep's collection as well as carrying out research into the marine environment. In 2013, the aquarium was voted the best family place to visit in Hull.[9]

The Deep is a charitable public aquarium dedicated to increasing people's enjoyment and understanding of the world's oceans.[5]

The Deep
The Deep, Kingston upon Hull - - 660427
Date opened2002[1]
LocationHull, England
Coordinates53°44′19″N 0°19′50″W / 53.73861°N 0.33056°WCoordinates: 53°44′19″N 0°19′50″W / 53.73861°N 0.33056°W
No. of animals3,500+[2]
Volume of largest tank2,500,000 litres (550,000 imp gal; 660,000 US gal)


Architecture of The Deep 04
A view of The Deep from the base of the River Hull tidal barrier

Situated at the confluence of two rivers, Sammy's Point has a history going back at least to the 16th century, when Hull Castle was built on part of the site. Parts of this were made into a new fortification (The Citadel) in 1681. When the Victoria Dock was built in 1850, mud that was dug up for the dock was used to extend the foreshore and create the land that now holds The Deep. Sammy's Point was named for Martin Samuelson, who built a shipyard there in 1857. The land was bought by a succession of owners, all in the ship business, and was then used by the Humber Conservancy as a buoy depot, but was abandoned in the 1980s.[6]

About half of the financing for the aquarium was from the Millennium Commission, with the rest of the £52.285 million for initial construction coming from various other sources. Operational funding is from membership, ticket, and retail sales.[7] The building was designed by Sir Terry Farrell, and constructed by Mero-Schmidlin (UK) PLC: it took 17 months to build and was finished in 2001.[8]

The aquarium opened to the public in 2002. Over three million people have visited the facility since its opening.[1]

In 2013, the aquarium was voted the best family place to visit in Hull.[9]

The draw for the Third Round Proper of the FA Cup took place on 8 December 2014 at The Deep and was broadcast live on BBC Two.[10]

As part of Made in Hull, the opening season of Hull UK City of Culture 2017 that ran from 1–7 January 2017, Arrivals and Departures was projected onto The Deep.[11]


The aquarium uses a combination of hands-on interactive displays, audiovisual presentations, and living exhibits to tell the story of the world's oceans. The museum includes a series of exhibits presenting a chronological journey from the beginning of time through the present day oceans. There is also an interactive area where visitors can learn to control an underwater diving vessel.

Aquaria exhibits include the Tropical Lagoon of Light, teeming with brightly coloured tropical fish and rays, a 10-metre-deep (33 ft) Endless Oceans exhibit containing 2,500,000 litres (550,000 imp gal; 660,000 US gal) of water, Europe's deepest viewing tunnel at 9 metres (30 ft), and a glass lift through the tank.[8] The tank is home to sharks, rays and northern Europe's only pair of green sawfish along with many other fish. The sharks and rays are fed by divers in a daily show. Other marine life on display include fish that glow in the dark, coral, turtles, jellyfish, frogs, penguins, an Amazon flooded forest and many species of insects.


The aquarium's education programme hosts 30,000 primary and secondary school students each year. Some of the themes covered in these programmes include food chains, caring for the marine environment, predator-prey relationships, adaptations, and habitats.[12] The Deep also hosts group sleepovers [13] and a variety of special events during the year.[14]

Two Rivers Restaurant

The Deep is also home to the "Two Rivers Restaurant", described as one of the most unusual restaurants Hull has to offer.[15] It is located in the heart of the aquarium.[16] The menu is inspired by locally sourced and sustainable ingredients and diners can watch fish swim past in the tank next to them.[15]


  1. ^ a b "The Deep". Hull City Council. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  2. ^ "The World's Only Submarium". The Deep. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  3. ^ "BIAZA Zoos and Aquariums". BIAZA. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  4. ^ McCurrach, Ian (15 June 2008). "To Hull and beyond". The Independent (Online ed.). Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  5. ^ "About The Deep". The Deep. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  6. ^ "A History of Sammy's Point" (PDF). The Deep. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 December 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Information on funders and sponsors for The Deep" (PDF). The Deep. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  8. ^ a b "The Deep, Sammys Point, Hull, UK". Mero-Schmidlin (UK) PLC. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Best Family Place to Visit in Hull 2013". Hullvibe. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  10. ^ "Deep anticipation as Hull hosts third round draw of the FA Cup". The Yorkshire Post. 30 November 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  11. ^ Blosse, Ben (3 January 2017). "Have you seen what they did to The Deep?". Hull Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 4 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Welcome to Learning at The Deep". The Deep. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  13. ^ "Sleepovers at The Deep". Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Events". The Deep. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2007.
  15. ^ a b "Two Rivers Restaurant". The Deep. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  16. ^ "Dining with Nemo". Love Food. Retrieved 29 September 2016.

External links

2002 in architecture

The year 2002 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.


Drypool (archaic Dripole) is an area within the city of Kingston upon Hull, England.

Historically Drypool was a village, manor and later parish on the east bank of the River Hull near the confluence of the Humber Estuary and River Hull; it is now part of the greater urban area of Kingston upon Hull, and gives its name to a local government ward.

Modern Drypool ward is a mixture of light industrial developments and housing, mainly terraced, as well as the post 1980s housing development 'Victoria Dock Village' built on the infilled site of the former Victoria Dock. The area also includes 'The Deep' aquarium, several schools, and a swimming baths.


Farrells is an architecture and urban design firm founded by British architect-planner Terry Farrell with offices in London, Manchester, Hong Kong, and Shanghai. The firm has won numerous awards for their characteristic mixed-use schemes, transit-oriented development, contextual urban placemaking, and cultural buildings.

Kingston upon Hull

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, 50 miles (80 km) east of Leeds, 34 miles (55 km) southeast of York and 54 miles (87 km) northeast of Sheffield. With a population of 260,700 (mid-2017 est.), Hull is the fourth-largest city in Yorkshire and the Humber.

The town of Wyke on Hull was founded late in the 12th century by the monks of Meaux Abbey as a port from which to export their wool.

Renamed Kings-town upon Hull in 1299, Hull has been a market town, military supply port, trading hub, fishing and whaling centre and industrial metropolis.

Hull was an early theatre of battle in the English Civil Wars. Its 18th-century Member of Parliament, William Wilberforce, took a prominent part in the abolition of the slave trade in Britain.After suffering heavy damage in the Second World War (the "Hull Blitz"), Hull weathered a period of post-industrial decline, gaining unfavourable results on measures of social deprivation, education and policing. In the early 21st century spending boom before the late 2000s recession the city saw large amounts of new retail, commercial, housing and public service construction spending.

Tourist attractions include The Hull People's Memorial, the historic Old Town and Museum Quarter, Hull Marina and The Deep aquarium. Sports teams include Championship League football club Hull City and rugby league clubs Hull F.C. & Hull Kingston Rovers.

The University of Hull was founded in 1927 and now enrols more than 16,000 students. Hull was the 2017 UK City of Culture and in the same year the city's Ferens Art Gallery hosted the prestigious Turner Prize.

Robert E Fuller

Robert E Fuller (born 1972) is a British artist best known for his renditions of British fauna, rendered faithfully in oils, acrylic and bronze. The RSPCA and the National Trust are among his British customers. He also travels the world to study birds and animals in their natural habitat and his paintings sell internationally. His lifelike paintings and sculpture are the result of months spent immersed in the natural habitat of his wild subjects.

A passionate conservationist, Fuller combines his art with work to preserve the animals and birds to which he owes his livelihood. He uses his paintings to raise funds for conservation and is a founding member of the barn owl conservation group Wolds Barn Owl Group near his home in North Yorkshire.

The artist also writes a monthly column in The Yorkshire Post and the Ryedale Gazette and Herald in which he shares his enthusiasm for all things wild.

His regular appearances on British television championing wild creatures near his home and gallery on the Yorkshire Wolds have earned him a reputation as an ambassador for the region's wildlife. As such he appeared on ITV's Calendar, Countryfile on 12 April 2011, BBC Look North and BBC The One Show on 16 January 2013.

In 2011 Fuller was given an award for bravery by the RSPCA after his quick action when he stumbled upon an armed gang of badger baiters and helped secure a successful conviction.Born in 1972, Fuller moved to Great Givendale, where his father, Richard Fuller, an author and wildlife enthusiast, earned notability for wildlife conservation after winning the Silver Lapwing award for farm conservation.In 2014, Fuller visited the Galápagos Islands and subsequently painted a series of Galapagos wildlife pieces. These were the focus of the summer exhibition at his gallery and then went on display at The Deep (aquarium) in Hull. He also did a series of school visits in Yorkshire with staff from the Galapagos Conservation Trust.In 2015, Fuller was visited and interviewed by Julian Clary in an episode of Nature Nuts with Julian Clary, a nature show on ITV.

Sharks in popular culture

For the main article on the fish, see Shark.Representations of the shark are common in popular culture in the Western world, with a range of media generally portraying them of eating machines and threats. In some media, however, comedy is drawn from portrayals of sharks running counter to their popular image, with shark characters being portrayed as unexpectedly friendly or otherwise comical.

Terry Farrell (architect)

Sir Terry Farrell (born 12 May 1938) is a British architect and urban designer. In 1980, after working 15 years in partnership with Sir Nicholas Grimshaw, Farrell founded his own firm, Farrells. He garnered a strong reputation for contextual urban design schemes, as well as exuberant works of postmodernism such as the MI6 Building. In 1991 his practice expanded internationally, opening an office in Hong Kong. In Asia his firm designed KK100 in Shenzhen, the tallest building ever designed by a British architect, as well as Guangzhou South Railway Station, once the largest railway station in Asia.

At the 2013 invitation of Ed Vaizey, the Minister for Culture, Communications and Creative Industries, his firm commenced the Farrell Review of Architecture and the Built Environment meant to offer expert guidance on the direction of British architecture.

Timeline of Hull

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hull, England.

Tourism in Yorkshire

Tourism in Yorkshire generates more than £6.3 billion per annum. It accounts for 7.2% of Yorkshire's income and supports 11% of its total workforce, representing 243,000 jobs. During 2007 recorded 92 million day visitors and 12.8 million that stayed at least one night in the region. By 2015, the value of tourism was in excess of £7 billion.Before 1974 Yorkshire was England's largest county, comprising around 6,000 square miles (16,000 km2). After Local Government reorganisation in 1974, the county was split into three smaller regions, making North Yorkshire the UK's biggest county covering 3,212 square miles (8,320 km2).

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