The Courier-Journal

Courier Journal, locally called The Courier-Journal or The C-J or The Courier, is the largest news organization in Kentucky. According to the 1999 Editor & Publisher International Yearbook, the paper is the 48th-largest daily paper in the U.S. and the single-largest in Kentucky.

The Courier-Journal
The Courier-Journal front page
The July 27, 2005 front page
of The Courier-Journal
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Gannett Company, Inc. (USA Today Network)
PresidentEddie Tyner
EditorJoel Christopher[1]
Political alignmentWhig (formerly)
Headquarters525 West Broadway
Louisville, Kentucky 40201
 United States
Circulation131,208 Daily
224,420 Sunday (as of 2013)[2]



The Courier-Journal was created from the merger of several newspapers introduced in Kentucky in the 19th century.

Pioneer paper The Focus of Politics, Commerce and Literature, was founded in 1826 in Louisville when the city was an early settlement of less than 7,000 individuals. In 1830 a new newspaper, The Louisville Daily Journal, began distribution in the city and, in 1832, absorbed The Focus of Politics, Commerce and Literature. The Journal was an organ of the Whig Party, founded and edited by George D. Prentice, a New Englander who initially came to Kentucky to write a biography of Henry Clay. Prentice would edit the Journal for more than 40 years.

In 1844, another newspaper, the Louisville Morning Courier was founded in Louisville by Walter Newman Haldeman. The Louisville Daily Journal and the Louisville Morning Courier were the news leaders in Louisville and were politically opposed throughout the Civil War; The Journal was against slavery while the Courier was pro-Confederacy. The Courier was suppressed by the Union and had to move to Nashville, but returned to Louisville after the war.

In 1868, an ailing Prentice persuaded the 28-year-old Henry Watterson to come edit for the Journal. During secret negotiations in 1868, The Journal and the Courier merged and the first edition of The Courier-Journal was delivered to Louisvillians on Sunday morning, November 8, 1868.

Watterson era

Editorial Staff of "The Courier-Journal" 1868
Editorial staff of The Courier-Journal, 1868.

Henry Watterson, the son of a Tennessee congressman, had written for Harper's Magazine and the New York Times before enlisting in the Confederate Army. He became nationally known for his work as The Courier-Journal emerged as the region's leading paper. He supported the Democratic Party and pushed for the industrialization of Kentucky and the South in general, notably through urging the Southern Exposition be held in Louisville. He attracted controversy for attempting to prove that Christopher Marlowe had actually written the works of Shakespeare. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1917 for editorials demanding the United States enter World War I.[3]

The Courier-Journal founded a companion afternoon edition of the paper, The Louisville Times, in May 1884. In 1896, Watterson and Haldeman opposed Democratic presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan over his support of "Free Silver" coinage. This unpopular decision upset readers and advertisers, many of whom pulled their support for The Courier-Journal. Kentucky voted for the Republican candidate in 1896, the first time in state history, and local political leaders blamed the Courier. Only the popularity of The Louisville Times, which had no strong editorial reputation, saved the newspaper company from bankruptcy. The Courier supported Bryan in future elections.[3]

Haldeman had owned the papers until his death in 1902, and by 1917 they were owned by his son, William, and Henry Watterson.

Bingham ownership

Courier-Journal offices in downtown Louisville
Courier-Journal offices in downtown Louisville, built during the Bingham era

On August 8, 1918, Robert Worth Bingham purchased two-thirds interest in the newspapers and acquired the remaining stock in 1920. The liberal Bingham clashed with longtime editor Watterson, who remained on board, but was in the twilight of his career. Watterson's editorials opposing the League of Nations appeared alongside Bingham's favoring it, and Watterson finally retired on April 2, 1919.[3]

I have always regarded the newspapers owned by me as a public trust and have endeavored so to conduct them as to render the greatest public service.

As publisher, Bingham set the tone for his editorial pages, and pushed for improved public education, support of African Americans and the poor of Appalachia. In 1933, the newspapers passed to his son, Barry Bingham, Sr. Barry Bingham would continue in his father's footsteps, guiding the editorial page and modernizing the paper by setting up several news bureaus throughout the state, expanding the news staff. During Barry Bingham, Sr.'s tenure, the paper was considered Kentucky's "Newspaper of Record" and consistently ranked among the 10 best in the nation.[3]

In 1971, Barry Bingham, Jr. succeeded his father as the newspapers' editor and publisher.

The Binghams were well-liked owners popularly credited with being more concerned with publishing quality journalism than making heavy profits. They also owned the leading local radio and television stations -- WHAS-TV, WHAS-AM, and WAMZ-FM—and Standard Gravure, a rotogravure printing company that printed The Courier-Journal's Sunday Magazine as well as similar magazines for other newspapers.

Barry Bingham Jr. sought to free the papers from conflicts of interests, and through The Louisville Times, experimented with new ideas such as signed editorials. Bingham Jr. also parted with tradition by endorsing several Republican candidates for office.[3]

In 1974, Carol Sutton became managing editor of The Courier-Journal, the first woman appointed to such a post at a major US daily newspaper. Under the leadership of C. Thomas Hardin, director of photography, the combined photography staff of The Courier-Journal and Louisville Times was awarded the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography for its coverage of school desegregation in Louisville.

Barry Bingham, Jr. served as editor and publisher until he resigned in 1986, shortly after his father announced that the newspaper company was for sale, in large measure because of disagreements between Bingham Jr. and his sister Sallie.

Gannett ownership

CJ Dispenser

In July 1986, Gannett Company, Inc. purchased the newspaper company for $300 million and appointed George N. Gill President and Publisher. Gill had been with the newspaper and the Binghams for over two decades, working his way up from reporter to Chief Executive Officer of the Bingham Companies. In 1993, Gill retired and Edward E. Manassah became President and Publisher[4].

February 1987 saw the last publication of The Louisville Times, which like most afternoon papers had experienced declining readership; the news operations of the two papers had previously been consolidated under Gannett.

In 1989, the paper's news staff won the Pulitzer Prize for general local reporting for what the Pulitzer board called "exemplary initial coverage" of a collision that was the nation's worst drunk-driving crash and school-bus accident. In 2005, cartoonist Nick Anderson won the paper's 10th Pulitzer, but when he left for the Houston Chronicle, the paper did not replace him, instead relying largely on submissions from local cartoonists. One, lawyer Marc Murphy, has become a near-regular and gained respect for his work.

On December 3, 2008, it was announced that The Courier-Journal would lay off 51 employees, including 17 who voluntarily took buyout offers, as part of a larger cutback by Gannett due to financial losses.[5] Seven months later, the paper announced another 44 layoffs, reducing the workforce to 575 employees.

The newspaper resumed polling on elections, and began videostreaming its editorial-board conferences with major candidates, under Publisher Arnold "Arnie" Garson, who came from the Argus Leader, Gannett's paper in Sioux Falls, S.D., in late 2008. Garson is an outspoken promoter of the future of printed newspapers in the digital age. Under him, the paper began keeping occasional major stories or sports columns off its website and promoting them as print exclusives. Most of these have run on Sundays; in July 2009, Garson announced that the paper's Sunday home-delivery circulation was up 0.5 percent over the previous year.


Pulitzer Prize

Year Category Recipient For
1918 Editorial Writing Henry Watterson For his two World War I editorials "War Has Its Compensation" (April 10, 1918), and "Vae Victis" (May 17, 1918).
1926 Reporting William Burke "Skeets" Miller

For his coverage of the attempts to rescue Floyd Collins trapped in Sand Cave,
now part of Mammoth Cave National Park (February 1925).

1956 Editorial Cartooning Robert York For his cartoon "Achilles" showing a bulging figure of American prosperity tapering to a weak heel labeled "farm prices". Appeared in The Louisville Times, (September 16, 1955).
1967 Public Service The Courier-Journal For its "meritorious public service" during 1966 in its fight against the ravages of Kentucky strip mining.
1969 Local General or Spot News Reporting John Fetterman For coverage of the funeral for a Vietnam casualty from Kentucky, "PFC Gibson comes home" (July 28, 1968).
1976 Feature Photography The Courier-Journal and The Louisville Times

For photo coverage of court-ordered busing in Jefferson County in 1975.

1978 Local General or Spot News Reporting Rich Whitt For his coverage and three months of investigation of the disastrous May 28, 1977 fire at the Beverly Hills Supper Club, Southgate, Kentucky in Campbell County.
1980 International Reporting Joel Brinkley and Jay Mather For international reporting in a series of articles, "Living the Cambodian Nightmare," their vivid account of refugees in Southeast Asia (December 1979).
1989 General Reporting The Courier-Journal For its exemplary initial coverage of a bus crash in Carroll County, Kentucky that claimed 27 lives and its subsequent thorough and effective examination of the causes and implications of the tragedy (1988).
2005 Editorial Cartoon Nick Anderson For his portfolio of twenty editorial cartoons.[6]

Other notable staff

See also


  1. ^ Yetter, Deborah (November 17, 2016). "CJ names new executive editor". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
  2. ^ "AAM Total Circ for US Newspapers". Alliance for Audited Media. March 31, 2013. Archived from the original on March 6, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e Towles, Donald B. (1994). The Press of Kentucky: 1787-1994. Kentucky Press Association. ASIN B0006P81OQ.
  4. ^
  5. ^ C-J lays off 51 as part of broader Gannett cutback The Courier-Journal. Retrieved on December 3, 2008.
  6. ^ "Nick Anderson- Pulitzer Prize Winner 2005". Archived from the original on November 29, 2005. Retrieved July 30, 2010.

Further reading

  • Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 192–95
  • Donald B. Towles (1994). The Press of Kentucky: 1787-1994. Kentucky Press Association. ASIN B0006P81OQ.
  • John Ed Pearce (1997). Memoirs: 50 Years at the Courier-Journal and other places. Sulgrave Press. ISBN 1-891138-01-4.
  • Susan E. Tifft and Alex S. Jones (1991). The Patriarch: The Rise and Fall of the Bingham Dynasty. Summit Books. ISBN 9780671631673.

External links

1947 Kentucky Wildcats football team

The 1947 Kentucky Wildcats football team was an American footballteam that represented the University of Kentucky as a member of the Southeastern Conference during the 1947 college football season. In its second season under head coach Bear Bryant, the team compiled an 8–3 record (2–3 against SEC opponents), defeated Villanova in the Great Lakes Bowl, and outscored all opponents by a total of 175 to 73. The team played its home games at McLean Stadium in Lexington, Kentucky.

The 1947 Kentucky team was ranked in the AP Poll during three weeks of the season: No. 20 on October 13; No. 14 on October 20; and No. 13 on October 27. Kentucky dropped out of the poll after losing its second game to Alabama.

Three Kentucky players were honored on the 1947 All-SEC football teams selected by both the Associated Press (AP) and United Press (UP): center Jay Rhodemyre (AP-1; UP-1); tackle Wash Serini (AP-2); and guard Lee Yarutis (AP-3).Junior George Blanda was Kentucky's starting quarterback in 1947 and 1948. Blanda later played 26 years in the National Football League and set the league's all-time scoring record.

Andy Beshear

Andrew Graham Beshear (born November 29, 1977) is an American lawyer and politician serving as the 50th and current Attorney General of Kentucky. He is a member of the Democratic Party. His father, Steve Beshear, served as the 61st Governor of Kentucky from 2007 to 2015. He is a candidate for Governor of Kentucky in the 2019 election.

Carol Sutton

Carol Sutton (June 29, 1933) was an American journalist. She got her journalism degree from the University of Missouri. In 1974 she became the first female managing editor of a major U.S. daily newspaper, The Courier-Journal in Louisville, Kentucky. She was cited as the example of female achievement in journalism when Time named American Women as the 1975 People of the Year. During her tenure at the paper, it was awarded the 1971 Penney-Missouri Award for General Excellence and in 1976 the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography for its coverage of school desegregation in Louisville. She is also credited with significantly raising the number of minority reporters on staff.Carol Sutton knew of her Kentucky Journalism Hall of Fame award at the University of Kentucky before her death in 1985, and was very humbled and honored by it. The family holds a Carol Sutton Memorial Scholarship Award in her honor every year, which has grown from our first recipient to 8 or twelve deserving people. She was the first white woman to be inducted into the National Association of Black Journalist's Hall of Fame.

Confederate Monument in Louisville

The Confederate Monument in Louisville is a 70-foot-tall monument formerly adjacent to and surrounded by the University of Louisville Belknap Campus in Louisville, Kentucky, United States. Relocation of the monument to Brandenburg, Kentucky along the town's river front began November 2016, and was completed in mid-December. The granite and bronze structure was erected in 1895 by the Muldoon Monument Company with funds raised by the Kentucky Woman's Confederate Monument Association. The monument commemorates the sacrifice of Confederate veterans who died in the American Civil War.

As with many monuments to the Confederacy, some community activists, such as Louisville's late Reverend Louis Coleman, have called for the removal of the monument from such a prominent location due to a perceived association with the history of civil rights abuses against African-Americans. In the past, both the city and university have opposed such proposals. In 2002, the university announced plans to add civil rights monuments in the vicinity of the monument as part of a redevelopment called "Freedom Park". Two million dollars of funding, principally for the park, was secured in late 2008.

In late April 2016, officials in Louisville announced plans to remove the monument to another location. Subsequently, a Jefferson County Circuit Court Judge signed a temporary restraining order filed by the Kentucky Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans but dissolved the restraining order at a later hearing in May 2016.

On November 15, 2016, the Office of the Mayor in Louisville stated the monument would be dismantled and moved to Brandenburg, Kentucky. This was following input from the Louisville Commission on Public Art which held a public meeting earlier in July and received suggestions.

DuPont Manual High School

duPont Manual High School is a public magnet high school located in the Old Louisville neighborhood of Louisville, Kentucky, United States. It serves students in grades 9–12. It is a part of the Jefferson County Public School District. DuPont Manual is recognized by the United States Department of Education as a Blue Ribbon School.

Manual opened in 1892 as an all-male manual training school. It was the second public high school in Louisville. Manual merged with its rival, Male High School, into a consolidated school from 1915 to 1919. Manual permanently merged with the Louisville Girls High School in 1950 and moved into their Gothic-style three-story building, built in 1934. In 2004, after conducting a poll, Louisville's Courier-Journal newspaper listed Manual as one of Louisville residents' ten favorite buildings. As a coeducational school, Manual experienced a decline in discipline and test scores in the 1970s. In 1984, Manual became a magnet school, allowing students from throughout the district to apply to five specialized programs of study, or magnets.

Manual and Male High School have the oldest football rivalry in the state, dating back to 1893. Manual's football team has won five state titles and claims two national championships. In the 1980s and 1990s Manual became a prominent academic school and has been included several times in lists of America's top high schools in Redbook and Newsweek magazines.

Greg Fischer

Gregory E. Fischer (born January 14, 1958) is an American businessman and entrepreneur who is the 50th Mayor of Louisville, Kentucky. He is a graduate of Louisville's Trinity High School and Vanderbilt University.

Fischer ran in the Kentucky Democratic primary for the United States Senate in 2008, where he finished second and received over 209,000 votes (34 percent) among seven candidates.

In November 2010 he was elected Mayor of Louisville in a tight race against city councilman Hal Heiner. He succeeded Mayor Jerry Abramson.

Herbert Agar

Herbert Sebastian Agar (29 September 1897 – 24 November 1980) was an American journalist and historian, and an editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal.

Howard Fineman

Howard David Fineman (born November 17, 1948) is an American journalist who is global editorial director of the AOL Huffington Post Media Group. Prior to his move to Huffington Post in October 2010, he was Newsweek's Chief Political Correspondent, Senior Editor and Deputy Washington Bureau Chief.

An award-winning writer, Fineman also is an NBC News analyst, contributing reports to the network and its cable affiliate MSNBC. He appears frequently on Hardball with Chris Matthews, The Last Word with Lawrence O'Donnell, and The Rachel Maddow Show. The author of scores of Newsweek cover stories, Fineman's work has also appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, and The New Republic. His "Living Politics" column was posted weekly on Fineman authored his first book in 2008, The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country.

Jefferson Mall

Jefferson Mall is a Louisville, Kentucky, shopping mall located near the intersection of Interstate 65 and Outer Loop in southern Louisville. It is the only major mall in southern Jefferson County, and the only of Louisville's six regional shopping centers (400,000+ square feet) serving the south and west county; the others are located in the east county.Opened on August 12, 1978 and named after the county it is located in, the mall's original anchor stores included JCPenney, Sears, Stewart Dry Goods, and Shillito's. Jefferson Mall originally had no food court, only a Burger King and a casual dining restaurant called Annabelle's. The mall was developed by Richard E. Jacobs Group of Cleveland, Ohio and included 936,000 square feet (87,000 m2) of space.The mall was sold in 2000 to CBL & Associates Properties of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Louisville's daily newspaper, The Courier-Journal, described the mall as "overlooked" in the Louisville retail scene, not as popular as Oxmoor Center and Mall St. Matthews in eastern Jefferson County. At the time, Jefferson Mall had not been updated substantially since its opening except for the addition of a food court in 1999. The mall's first major renovation was completed in 2003 and included new entrances.

The mall's current anchor stores are Dillard's, JCPenney, and Sears There are 95 permanent stores and 990,452 sq ft (92,016.0 m2) of leased space.In March 2005 Macy's assumed operation of the former Shillito's, then closed in April 2017 as part of a company-wide downsizing. The former Macy's became Round One Entertainment in December 2018.

On October 15, 2018, it was announced that Sears would be closing as part of a plan to close 142 stores nationwide which will leave Dillard's and JCPenney as the only anchors left.

John Schnatter

John H. Schnatter (born November 22, 1961), nicknamed commercially as Papa John, is an American entrepreneur who founded Papa John's Pizza in 1984. Schnatter stepped down as CEO on January 1, 2018, after comments he made in November 2017 criticizing National Football League commissioner Roger Goodell for allegedly not doing anything about national anthem protests by football players. He was succeeded as CEO by President and COO Steve Ritchie, but remained chairman of the board of directors until July 2018. He then resigned as chairman of the board on July 11, 2018, when a scandal broke out over his use of a racial slur when trying to minimize the controversy over his NFL national anthem comments by alleging that Colonel Harland Sanders had used the slur and it had not affected his popularity. As of March 2019, he remains the owner of 31 percent of the company's shares.

KFC Yum! Center

The KFC Yum! Center is a multi-purpose sports arena in Downtown Louisville, Kentucky, United States. It is named after the KFC restaurant chain and Yum! Brands, the parent company of KFC. Adjacent to the Ohio River waterfront, it is located on Main Street between 2nd and 3rd Streets and opened on October 10, 2010. The arena is part of a $450 million project that includes a 975-car parking structure and floodwall.

The Louisville Cardinals men's and women's basketball teams from the University of Louisville are the primary tenants of the arena complex. The U of L women's volleyball team began using the arena as a part-time home in 2011, and made the arena its main home in 2012. With 22,090 seats for basketball, it is the second-largest college arena by seating capacity in the Commonwealth of Kentucky, behind Rupp Arena at the University of Kentucky, and the third-largest in the United States, behind the Carrier Dome at Syracuse University and Rupp Arena. The arena's current attendance record for a sporting event is 22,815, set March 9, 2013 against Notre Dame (men's basketball). The current attendance record for any event is 23,085, set March 9, 2019 when Metallica played their WorldWired TourSince its opening, the KFC Yum! Center has been a frequent spot for major concerts, as it is one of the larger arenas between Cleveland and Chicago.

Kentuckiana Ford Dealers 200

The Kentuckiana Ford Dealers 200 is an Automobile Racing Club of America race at Salem Speedway. The race is traditionally held in April, and currently occupies the third spot on the series schedule. Frank Kimmel is the only multi-time winner of the event, taking three victories.

Louisville, Kentucky

Louisville ( (listen) LOO-ə-vəl, (listen) LOO-ee-vil, (listen) LUUV-əl) is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States. It is one of two cities in Kentucky designated as first-class, the other being Lexington, the state's second-largest city. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County, located in the state's north and on the border with Indiana.

Louisville, named for King Louis XVI of France, was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark, making it one of the oldest cities west of the Appalachian Mountains. Sited beside the Falls of the Ohio, the only major obstruction to river traffic between the upper Ohio River and the Gulf of Mexico, the settlement first grew as a portage site. It was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew into a 6,000-mile (9,700 km) system across 13 states. Today, the city is known as the home of legendary boxer Muhammad Ali, the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), the University of Louisville and its Louisville Cardinals athletic teams, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, and three of Kentucky's six Fortune 500 companies. Its main airport is also the site of United Parcel Service's worldwide air hub.

Since 2003, Louisville's borders have been the same as those of Jefferson County, after a city-county merger. The official name of this consolidated city-county government is the Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government, abbreviated to Louisville Metro. Despite the merger and renaming, the term "Jefferson County" continues to be used in some contexts in reference to Louisville Metro, particularly including the incorporated cities outside the "balance" which make up Louisville proper. The city's total consolidated population as of the 2017 census estimate was 771,158. However, the balance total of 621,349 excludes other incorporated places and semiautonomous towns within the county and is the population listed in most sources and national rankings.

The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), sometimes also referred to as Kentuckiana, includes Louisville-Jefferson County and 12 surrounding counties, seven in Kentucky and five in Southern Indiana. As of 2017, the MSA had a population of 1,293,953, ranking 45th nationally.

Nick Anderson (cartoonist)

Nick Anderson is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American syndicated editorial cartoonist whose cartoons typically present liberal viewpoints. He currently draws cartoons for The Washington Post Writers Group. He drew cartoons for the Houston Chronicle from 2006-2017, where the newspaper's Web site maintained a blog of his cartoons and video animations.

His artwork is characterized by a painterly style due to his use of Corel's Painter software, which he uses in conjunction with the Wacom Cintiq computer monitor. He has been designated a "Painter Master" by The Corel Corporation.

Pat Forde

Pat Forde is a sports journalist who is a national columnist for Yahoo Sports. He previously worked for ESPN and The Courier-Journal in Louisville, Kentucky.

Robert Worth Bingham

Robert Worth Bingham (November 8, 1871 – December 18, 1937) was a politician, judge, newspaper publisher and the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1933 to 1937.

The Louisville Times

The Louisville Times was a newspaper that was published in Louisville, Kentucky. It was founded in 1884 as the afternoon counterpart to The Courier-Journal, the dominant morning newspaper in Louisville and the commonwealth of Kentucky for many years. The two newspapers published a combined edition (as the Courier-Journal & Times) on Sundays. Both newspapers were owned and operated by the Bingham family, headed for much of the 20th century by patriarch Barry Bingham, Sr..

The Times, which operated in the shadows of "The C-J" during most of its existence, nevertheless was a testing ground for many new ideas, usually involving design and typography. Another experiment under publisher Barry Bingham, Jr. was the idea of signed editorials. But like many other afternoon newspapers in America, circulation dwindled over the years as readers' lifestyles changed and television newscasts became more popular.In May 1986, the Times and the Courier-Journal were purchased by Gannett. At the time of purchase, the Times had a circulation of about 125,000, versus the Courier-Journal daily circulation rate of about 175,000 and Sunday rate of 323,000. By January 1987, it was announced that the publication of the Times would cease in favor of afternoon editions of the Courier-Journal. The last issue of the Times was published on Saturday, February 14, 1987.

Thunder Over Louisville

Thunder Over Louisville, the annual kickoff event of the Kentucky Derby Festival, is an airshow and fireworks display in Louisville, Kentucky. It is generally held each April, about two weeks before the first Saturday in May, or Derby Day. In years where Easter Sunday falls on the usually scheduled weekend, Thunder is moved a week earlier. It is the largest annual fireworks display in North America and began as part of an opening ceremonies event in 1989 with daytime fireworks. 1990 brought the first nighttime fireworks event. It officially began in its current location along the Ohio River in 1991 with fireworks, and an annual air show was added in 1992.

Thunder generally starts in the afternoon with an air show, followed by the fireworks show starting at 9:30 PM, along with a synchronized soundtrack through PA and radio. An average of 625,000 people have attended each year since 1997, lining the banks of the Ohio River in Louisville, and across the river in Jeffersonville and Clarksville, Indiana. Some also watch from the river on boats, docked in positions auctioned off for charity.Eight 400-foot barges launch the fireworks, provided by Zambelli Fireworks Internationale, from both sides of the George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge (Second Street Bridge), and more fireworks are launched from the bridge itself.

In the twenty-first century the estimated attendance at Thunder has usually been approximately five times that of the main attraction, the Kentucky Derby horse race at Churchill Downs.

Transit Authority of River City

The Transit Authority of River City (TARC) is the major public transportation provider for the Louisville, Kentucky, United States metro area, which includes parts of Southern Indiana. This includes the Kentucky suburbs of Oldham County, Bullitt County, Clark County, and Floyd County in southern Indiana. TARC is publicly funded and absorbed various earlier private mass transit companies in Louisville, the largest of which was the Louisville Transit Company.

TARC operates a fleet of 230 accessible buses, including numerous hybrids. Starting in 2004, TARC purchased hybrids, and by 2008 started purchasing clean diesel buses for a cleaner, greener fleet. By late Winter 2013, TARC added 16 more clean diesels. Then, by mid-Summer 2013, 11 hybrids were added, bringing TARC's hybrid total to 32. By Fall 2013, TARC added 21 clean diesel commuter buses, then as of Fall 2014 TARC added 12 more clean diesels; some of them are WiFi-enabled and have comfortable seating. TARC has recently put 12 additional updated buses on the road with 13 more due to arrive by late 2016. This brings their clean diesel total to 82 when the other 13 arrive. There will be 96. All-electric buses have been circulating downtown Louisville since early 2015, and eight more will be hitting the road on one local route serving the Iroquois neighborhood, and Iroquois Park. These buses will not be fare-free, will have a 42-passenger capacity, and will share the 8th Street charging station with one of the trolley routes. according to The Courier-Journal. There are also two charging stations in downtown Louisville, one at 3rd and York, the other at 8th and Market. These buses will have a 30-passenger seating capacity, and be able to operate for up to two hours on a single charge. These buses, like the old trolleys, will be fare-free.

TARC provides service 365 days a year. It also operates many specialized routes providing transportation to major local employers, educational institutions and recreational events. It began bus operations in 1974. TARC has explored other forms of public transit, including light rail, but as of 2009 provides only bus service.

National assets

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