|The Condor: Ornithological Applications|
|Edited by||Philip C Stouffer|
|Bulletin of the Cooper Ornithological Club|
The journal was first published in 1899 as the Bulletin of the Cooper Ornithological Club by a group of biologists in California. The journal's scope was regional, covering the western United States. In 1900 the name was changed to The Condor. In 1947, the journal's subtitle was shortened to The Condor, Journal of the Cooper Ornithological Club.
Editors-in-Chief: 1899-1902: Chester Barlow; 1902-1905: Walter K. Fisher with Joseph Grinnell as Associate Editor; 1906-1939 Joseph Grinnell; 1940-1966 Alden H. Miller Berkeley, CA; 1966-1968 James R. King Washington State; 1969-1973 Ralph J. Raitt New Mexico State University; 1973-1974 Francis S. L. Williamson SI Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies, Edgewater, MD; 1975-1985 Peter Stettenheim Lebanon, NH; 1986-1990 Martin L. Morton Occidental College, LA; 1991-1995 Glenn E. Walsberg Arizona State, 1996-2000 Walter D. Koenig Hastings Reservation; 2001-2008 David S. Dobkin High Desert Ecological Research Institute, Bend, OR; 2009-2013 Michael A. Patten University of Oklahoma; 2013-2019 Philip C Stouffer, Louisiana State University. 
An editorial board was established in 1951 to address increasing submissions to the journal. James King, of Washington State University, instituted a system for external peer review of submissions. King became editor after Alden H. Miller's death in 1965. Miller replaced Grinnell as editor in 1939. King widened the scope of the journal, and by 1966, at least 40% of papers published in The Condor are written by scientists outside the United States.
In Glenn Walsberg's 1993 "History of The Condor", he concluded that "several thousand people have contributed to the success and development of this journal in its 95-year history. In 1992 alone, 653 scientists aided in its production in the roles of author, reviewer, or both."
In 2013, The Condor became The Condor: Ornithological Applications, with a change of content focus to the following applied areas of ornithology: population biology, including threats to bird populations, conservation genetics, community and landscape ecology, ecosystem-level influences of birds, effects of habitat alteration and fragmentation, avian responses to climate change, anthropogenic effects on genetics, behavior, or physiological processes, biology of avian diseases and disease transmission by birds, birds in urban or agricultural settings, sociological and economics studies related to birds or the discipline of ornithology, integrative and cross-disciplinary studies, theoretical and methodological advances in practice, evaluations of science relevant to issues in conservation and management, and thematic reviews and opinion pieces
In 2016, the American Ornithological Society was created from the merging of the Cooper Ornithological Society (which had been the publisher of The Condor for 117 years) and the American Ornithologists' Union.
In the prose style of the time period, the first issue's editorial sets out the focus of the journal as "its object being to represent generally the great West, and primarily the Cooper Ornithological Club. It is conceded that the West is rich in its possibilities of new discoveries, both in faunal forms and data regarding the life histories of many species …"
The editorial also comments on a newspaper story from the San Francisco Chronicle about a successful hunt by the Petaluma Sportsmen's Club: "The joint bag showed 821 bluejays and 51 hawks 'of various kinds' slaughtered on the plea that 'each would have destroyed at least five quail’s eggs during the next breeding season.'" The editorial added that "the Bulletin stands for bird protection, and will strenuously oppose wanton slaughter at ail times regardless of its source."