The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World

The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World is a book by Jim Clements which presents a list of the bird species of the world.

The most recent printed version is the sixth edition (2007), which was published by Cornell University Press. Previous editions were published by the author's own imprint, Ibis Publishing. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology has provided annual updates since then, usually in August, and the most recent version is available online in several formats.[1] These updates reflect the ongoing changes to bird taxonomy based on published research.

Clements is the official list used by the American Birding Association for birds globally. eBird also uses the Clements checklist as the base list for its eBird taxonomy, which in addition to species includes hybrids and other non-species entities reported by birders.

The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World
Clements checklist cover
The cover of the sixth edition
AuthorJames F. Clements
CountryU.S.
LanguageEnglish
Genreornithology
PublisherCornell University Press
Publication date
2007
Media typePrint (hardback)

References

  1. ^ http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

External links

List of birds of American Samoa

This is a list of the bird species recorded in American Samoa. The avifauna of American Samoa include a total of 65 species, of which 5 have been introduced by humans, 14 are rare or accidental and 1 species, the Mao, is extirpated. 6 species are globally threatened. American Samoa has no endemic bird species but several near-endemics occur and many of the land birds occur in good numbers. A variety of seabirds breed in the islands. Hunting and introduced predators have reduced their numbers but there are still some important breeding sites such as Lata Mountain on Ta'u Island.This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for American Samoa.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in American Samoa

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to American Samoa as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in American Samoa although populations exist elsewhere

List of birds of Antarctica

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Antarctica. The avifauna of Antarctica include a total of 61 species, of which 1 is endemic.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account.

List of birds of Greece

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Greece. The avifauna of Greece included a total of 454 species according to the Hellenic Rarities Committee of the Hellenic Ornithological Society (Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταιρεία) as of August 2019. Of them, four have not been recorded since 1950 and two have been introduced by humans.This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (English and scientific names) are those of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition.The following tags have been used to highlight several categories of occurrence. Species without tags are regularly occurring residents, migrants, or seasonal visitors which have been recorded since 1 January 1950.

(*) Rare in Greece; reports of these 119 species require submission to the Hellenic Rarities Committee for inclusion in the official record.

(B) Species which have not occurred in Greece since 1 January 1950.

(C) Species that do not occur naturally in Greece, although breeding populations have been introduced by humans.

List of birds of Guam

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Guam. The avifauna of Guam include a total of 124 species, of which three are endemic, nine have been introduced by humans and one is rare or accidental. Four species listed are extirpated in Guam and are not included in the species count. Six species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Guam.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. Not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Guam

(*) Endemic - a species either entirely confined to Guam in its natural distribution, or a species whose breeding range is entirely confined to Guam

(E) Extinct - a recent bird that no longer exists

(EW) Extinct in the wild - a species which only exists in captive breeding programs

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Guam as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Guam although populations exist elsewhere

List of birds of Kiribati

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Kiribati an island nation in the central Pacific Ocean. The avifauna of Kiribati include a total of 76 species, of which one has been introduced by humans and three are rare or accidental. Two species listed are extirpated in Kiribati and are not included in the species count. Eleven species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Kiribati.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. Not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Kiribati

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Kiribati as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Kiribati although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species that no longer occurs in Kiribati and is not found alive globally

List of birds of Madagascar

Madagascar is an island nation located off the southeastern coast of Africa. Because of its long separation from neighboring continents—through tectonic movement, it split from Africa about 160 million years ago, and from India around 90 million years ago—it contains many species endemic to the island. Of the 287 bird species recorded on Madagascar, 105 are found nowhere else on earth, and a handful of others are shared only with the neighbouring Comoro Islands; one has been declared extinct.This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition.Species status comments are taken from Morris and Hawkins's Birds of Madagascar: A Photographic Guide unless otherwise noted. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts. The IUCN Red List codes are those given by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources; they come from the IUCN's Red List website.

List of birds of Nauru

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Nauru. The avifauna of Nauru include a total of twenty-seven species, of which one is endemic.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account.

The following tag has been used to highlight endemic species. The commonly occurring native species are untagged.

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Nauru

List of birds of Niue

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Niue. The avifauna of Niue include a total of twenty-nine species, of which one has been introduced by humans and nine are rare or accidental. Two species are globally threatened. There are no endemic species surviving today but there are endemic subspecies of the Polynesian triller and Polynesian starling. There are 15 breeding species of which eleven are landbirds and four are seabirds. Studies of fossil birds suggest that Niue's avifauna was formerly more diverse. Birds recorded from subfossil remains predating Polynesian settlement of the island include the Niue night heron (Nycticorax kalavikai), Tongan megapode (Megapodius pritchardii) and the Niue rail (Gallirallus huiatua).This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Niue. There are unconfirmed reports of the red-tailed tropicbird (Phaethon rubricauda), Pacific black duck (Anas superciliosa) and sharp-tailed sandpiper (Calidris acuminata) but these are not included in the list.The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Niue

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Niue as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of Réunion

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Réunion. The avifauna of Réunion include a total of 91 species, of which four are endemic, 21 have been introduced by humans and 20 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Réunion and is not included in the species count. Six species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Réunion.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. Not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Réunion

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Réunion

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Réunion as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Réunion although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species formerly found on Réunion, but no longer exists alive globally

List of birds of Saint Helena

This is a list of the bird species recorded on Saint Helena. The avifauna of Saint Helena Island include a total of 68 species. Only one endemic species survives today, the Saint Helena plover. Several more endemics are extinct and known only from subfossil remains: the Saint Helena petrel, Olson's petrel, Saint Helena shearwater, Saint Helena crake, Saint Helena rail, Saint Helena dove, Saint Helena cuckoo and Saint Helena hoopoe. At least five non-endemics have been extirpated from Saint Helena but still occur elsewhere. Nine species have been introduced by humans and formed established breeding populations while many more species were introduced in the past but failed to become established. Of these, 43 species are rare or accidental visitors.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Saint Helena.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Saint Helena

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Saint Helena

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Saint Helena as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer breeds in Saint Helena although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species that was formerly endemic to Saint Helena but has now been wiped out

List of birds of Samoa

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Samoa. The avifauna of Samoa include a total of 82 species, of which ten are endemic, five have been introduced by humans and 23 are rare or accidental. Seven species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Samoa.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. Not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Samoa

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Samoa

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Samoa as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of Tristan da Cunha

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Tristan da Cunha. The avifauna of Tristan da Cunha include a total of eighty-eight species, of which twelve are endemic or breeding endemic, and one is extinct.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2018 edition.The following tags have been used to categorise some species:

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Tristan da Cunha

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Tristan da Cunha

(Ex) Extinct - a species that no longer exists

List of birds of Wallis and Futuna

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Wallis and Futuna. The avifauna of Wallis and Futuna include a total of 39 species, of which two have been introduced by humans and three are rare or accidental. Two species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Wallis and Futuna.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. Not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Wallis and Futuna

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Wallis and Futuna as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of the Cook Islands

This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Cook Islands. The avifauna of the Cook Islands include a total of 50 species, of which six are endemic, one has been introduced by humans and three are rare or accidental. Ten species are globally threatened. Birds described from subfossil remains that became extinct as a consequence of human settlement of the islands and the introduction of exotic mammals include the Mangaia rail (Gallirallus ripleyi) and the Mangaia crake (Porzana rua).This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for the Cook Islands.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. Not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in the Cook Islands

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to the Cook Islands

(Ex) Extinct - a species extinct to the Cook Islands

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to the Cook Islands as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of the Marshall Islands

This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Marshall Islands. The avifauna of the Marshall Islands include a total of 84 species, of which one has been introduced by humans and four are rare or accidental. Five species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for the Marshall Islands.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in the Marshall Islands

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to the Marshall Islands as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of the Northern Mariana Islands

This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Northern Mariana Islands. The avifauna of the Northern Mariana Islands include a total of 104 species, of which one is endemic, one has been introduced by humans and three are rare or accidental. Five species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for the Northern Mariana Islands.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in the Northern Mariana Islands

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to the Northern Mariana Islands

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to the Northern Mariana Islands as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of the Pitcairn Islands

This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Pitcairn Islands. The avifauna of the Pitcairn Islands include a total of 43 species, of which five are endemic.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. Not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to the Pitcairn Islands

Psittaculidae

The parrot family Psittaculidae consists of five subfamilies, Agapornithinae, Loriinae, Platycercinae, Psittacellinae and Psittaculinae.

This family has been accepted into The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World in 2014, and the IOC World Bird List.

Père David's owl

The Père David's owl (Strix davidi) is an owl found in the mountains of central China (Qinghai and Sichuan). There is debate over whether it is a separate species or an isolated subspecies of Ural owl. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World (2015 version) considers it a separate species, but BirdLife International and IUCN treat it as a subspecies.

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