The Big Time

The Big Time (1958) is a short science fiction novel by American writer Fritz Leiber. Awarded the Hugo Award during 1958, The Big Time was published originally in two parts in Galaxy Magazine's March and April 1958 issues, illustrated by Virgil Finlay. It was subsequently reprinted in book form several times. The Big Time is a story involving only a few characters, but with a vast, cosmic back story.

The Big Time
1961 Ace Double Edition Cover
AuthorFritz Leiber
Cover artistEd Emshwiller
CountryUnited States
GenreScience fiction
PublisherAce Books (1961 book edition), Gregg Press (1976 first hardback edition)
Publication date
1958 (as a serial), 1961 (as a novel)
Media typePrint (hardback & paperback)
Galaxy 195803
The Big Time was serialized in Galaxy Science Fiction in 1958


The storyline features members of one of two factions, both capable of time travel, engaged in a long-term conflict called "The Change War". Their method of battle involves changing the outcomes of events throughout history (temporal war). The two opposing groups are nicknamed the Spiders and the Snakes after their respective sponsors. The true forms or identities of the Spiders and the Snakes, how those nicknames were chosen, or whether they are in any way descriptive are all unknown.

The narrator of the novel is Greta, a young human female employed at a Recuperation Station where soldiers recover from battles. Greta is an Entertainer: part prostitute, part nurse, part psychotherapist. However, other characters narrate parts of the story in lengthy monologues about their experiences and opinions as they visit the spider-staffed facility.

New soldiers, entertainers, and medical staff are recruited by existing Change War participants from various places and times; characters include: Cretan Amazons, Roman legionnaires, eight-tentacled Lunans (natives of a civilization that thrived on Earth's moon a billion years ago), Hussars, Wehrmacht Landsers, Venusian satyrs (recruited from Venus a billion years in the future), American GIs, and Space Commandos. Soldiers from the armies of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Napoleon, and Stalin may find themselves fighting side-by-side or on opposing sides. Likewise, medical staff and entertainers are inducted into the temporal war to provide medical treatment, rest, and relaxation for injured and weary combatants.

Within the context of the story, the Universe as we know it runs on the Little Time. The Change War combatants and their facilities (places such as Field Hospitals, Express Rooms, Recuperation Stations, and Entertainment Spots), located within artificially-created bubbles of spacetime outside of the Universe, run on the Big Time. The Big Time is described metaphorically by the narrator as a train traveling through the Little Time's countryside. Combat operations occur when soldiers venture into a time and place in the Little Time on orders from their superiors.

Adding to the atmosphere of cynicism about the war's aims and causes is the revelation that one of its effects was to change history and cause an Axis victory in World War II. However devastating this development is to 20th Century humanity, now doomed to live under the worldwide oppressive and genocidal rule of Nazi Germany, in the context of the overall Spider-Snake cosmic conflict, this change was incidental and of only marginal importance.

The first few chapters establish the backstory, setting, amazing futuristic technology and characters. The main plot of the novel involves the discovery of a time bomb in the Recuperation Station, and the attempts to defuse the bomb and identify the saboteur, essentially a locked room mystery within a science fiction context.


Algis Budrys praised The Big Time (which he categorized as a play, not a novel) as evidence that Leiber was the only science fiction writer of his generation "who as a matter of course and conviction saw through the mores and circumstances which are now proving nonviable not only in commercial literature but in what we can call life as well", and a precursor to Roger Zelazny and Samuel R. Delany.[1] In February 1968 he named the book the "Best Thing All Year".[2] In 2012, it was selected for inclusion in the Library of America's two-volume compilation American Science Fiction: Nine Classic Novels of the 1950s.[3]


Leiber's short story "Try and change the past", also from 1958, is set in the same universe. It features a New York man just recruited by the Snakes going AWOL and trying to change his personal past in which he was murdered by his wife, finding out that the universe resists all his efforts and is "conserving reality" in various improbable ways, and finally not having any choice but going back to fight in the Time War.

During 1965, Poul Anderson developed the same basic theme, a time war fought between two powerful factions who confront each other throughout time and use people of past periods as their soldiers, in the novel The Corridors of Time.


  1. ^ Budrys, Algis (October 1967). "Galaxy Bookshelf". Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 188–194.
  2. ^ Budrys, Algis (February 1968). "Galaxy Bookshelf". Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 157–162.
  3. ^ Dave Itzkoff (July 13, 2012). "Classic Sci-Fi Novels Get Futuristic Enhancements from Library of America". Arts Beat: The Culture at Large. The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2012.

External links

Al Cleveland

Al Cleveland (born Alfred W. Cleveland, March 11, 1930 – August 14, 1996) was an American songwriter for the Motown label. Among his most popular co-compositions are 1967's "I Second That Emotion" and 1969's "Baby, Baby Don't Cry" performed by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles and 1971's "What's Going On" performed by Marvin Gaye.Cleveland was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, to Alfred W. and Dorothy Cleveland. Al has two sisters, Edna Grate and Mamie Jett, as well as one brother, Robert Cleveland. His sons Alfred D Cleveland and Theodore Mills survive him.

He had a long and distinguished writing career, initially for New York artists on the Scepter/Wand labels such as Dionne Warwick(e) and Tommy Hunt, as well as Gene Pitney before moving to Motown, where he provided songs for Smokey & The Miracles, the Marvelettes, David Ruffin, the Four Tops and Chuck Jackson before hitting the big time with a co-authorship of Marvin Gaye's "What's Goin' On?" and "Save the Children."

In later years, he produced Native American music. He died of heart disease in Las Vegas at the age of 66.

Big Time Rush

Big Time Rush is an American comedy television series that originally aired on Nickelodeon from November 28, 2009, until July 25, 2013. It was created by Scott Fellows (also the creator of Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide and Johnny Test and the head writer of The Fairly OddParents). It focuses on the Hollywood misadventures of four Hockey players from Duluth, Minnesota: Kendall Knight, James Diamond, Carlos Garcia, and Logan Mitchell, after they are selected to form a boy band by fictional mega music producer, Gustavo Rocque.

Big Time Rush (band)

Big Time Rush was an American pop music boy band formed in 2009. The group consisted of Kendall Schmidt, James Maslow, Logan Henderson, and Carlos Pena Jr. The group starred in Nickelodeon's television series Big Time Rush and signed to a record deal with Nick Records simultaneously with the television series, and then the group was eventually signed to Columbia Records. The show ran from November 28, 2009 to July 25, 2013. The pilot episode featured the group's first promotional single, "Big Time Rush". They have released three studio albums which all achieved success. The band stopped performing in 2014.

Christina Hendricks

Christina Rene Hendricks (born May 3, 1975) is an American actress and model. She is best known for her starring role as Joan Holloway on the AMC period drama series Mad Men (2007–2015) and as Beth Boland in the NBC crime drama series Good Girls (2018–present).

Hendricks has also appeared as Saffron in the Fox space western series Firefly (2002–03), Celine/"Chair" in the Comedy Central period sitcom Another Period (2015–16), and as Trudy in the SundanceTV drama series Hap and Leonard (2016). Her notable film credits include Drive (2011), God's Pocket (2014), Lost River (2014), The Neon Demon (2016), Fist Fight (2017), and The Strangers: Prey at Night (2018).

A poll of female readers taken by Esquire magazine named Hendricks "the sexiest woman in the world". In 2010, she was voted Best Looking Woman in America by Esquire magazine.

It's Only Love (Bryan Adams song)

"It's Only Love" is a song by Canadian singer and songwriter Bryan Adams, featuring American singer Tina Turner. It was the sixth and final single from Adams' album Reckless (1984) and was included on Tina Turner's live album Tina Live in Europe (1988), as well as being added to both artists' greatest hits compilations: Adams' Anthology (2005) and Turner's All the Best (2004). It reached number 15 in January 1986 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the U.S. and number 29 in the UK. The 12" single included the 1985 live version that would later appear on the 1988 album Tina Live in Europe.

Adams told Songfacts that this was his most memorable collaboration of all the ones he has done. He explained: "Working with Tina Turner was amazing. I used to go to see her in the clubs when I was in my late teens/early 20s before she hit the big time. It was incredible to watch her." He added: "It was such a privilege to have sung with her, especially since I was only 24 at the time."


KRNY (102.3 FM) is a country music station in Kearney, Nebraska. The NRG Media outlet operates at 102.3 MHz with an effective radiated power (ERP) of 77.1 kW. Known as "Nebraska Hot Country 102", the weekday lineup includes the morning show "The ScottyO Show", Middays with Bicklemyer, Afternoons with Melissa Free on "The 5'clock stampede", and evenings with The Big Time with Whitney Allen. Weekends are highlighted by "The Hits Lists" Wit Fitz, "American Christian Music Revue", and "New Music Nashville".

Karmijn de Sonnaville

Karmijn de Sonnaville is a variety of apple bred by Piet de Sonnaville, working in Wageningen (the Netherlands) in 1949. It is a cross of Cox's Orange Pippin and Jonathan, and was first grown commercially beginning in 1971.It is high both in sugars (including some sucrose) and acidity. It is a triploid, and hence needs good pollination, and can be difficult to grow. It also suffers from fruit russet, which can be severe. In Manhart’s book, “apples for the 21st century”, Karmijn de Sonnaville is tipped as a possible success for the future, but as time passes, it seems less likely to make it to the big-time.

Karmijn de Sonnaville is not widely grown in large quantities, but in Ireland, at The Apple Farm, 8 acres (32,000 m2) it is grown for fresh sale and juice-making, for which the variety is well suited.

Piet de Sonnaville died in 1995, but was still involved in apple breeding at that time, and his son Ben, who lives in Altforst in the Netherlands, continues to grow apples and breed new varieties.

Kevin Nash

Kevin Scott Nash (born July 9, 1959) is an American actor and professional wrestler, currently signed to WWE under their Legends program and currently the Big Time Wrestling Heavyweight Champion.

Following a college basketball career for the University of Tennessee, Nash played professionally for German Bundesliga squad Gießen 46ers for a short time, until a knee injury ended his career. Nash has wrestled under several ring names, but is best known for his work under his real name in World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). Nash also found success in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE), where he was originally billed as Diesel. In 1994, Nash (as Diesel) won all three titles comprising the WWF Triple Crown and at that year's Slammy Awards won the MVP (now Superstar of the Year) and (with Shawn Michaels) Best Tag Team (now Tag Team of the Year) awards. Between WWE, WCW and TNA, Nash has won a total of 21 championships, including being a five-time world champion (four-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion and one-time WWF Champion) and a 12-time world tag team champion between the three promotions. Nash's 358-day WWF Championship reign is the longest of the 1990s. During his time in WCW, Nash became the first wrestler to defeat Goldberg and in the process ended his undefeated streak of 173–0 at Starrcade in 1998.

Nash was a member of The Kliq, an influential backstage group that included Shawn Michaels, Triple H, Scott Hall and Sean Waltman. He is also one of the three founding members of the New World Order (nWo), along with Hulk Hogan and Scott Hall. Nash was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame class of 2015.

List of Sex and the City episodes

The following is a list of episodes from the American television series Sex and the City.

Logan Henderson

Logan Phillip Henderson (born September 14, 1989) is an American actor and singer. He played the role of Logan Mitchell on the Nickelodeon series, Big Time Rush, and is a former member of the Big Time Rush band.

Sheena Easton

Sheena Shirley Easton (née Orr; born 27 April 1959) is a Scottish singer, songwriter and actress with dual British-American nationality. Easton first came into the public eye as the focus of an episode in the first British musical reality television programme The Big Time: Pop Singer, which recorded her attempts to gain a record contract and her eventual signing with EMI Records.

Easton's first two singles, "Modern Girl" and "Morning Train (Nine to Five)", both entered the UK Top Ten, and she was the first UK female artist to appear twice in the same Top Ten since Ruby Murray. In 1981, "Morning Train (Nine to Five)" topped the US Hot 100, making her the third UK female solo artist to achieve this, following Petula Clark and Lulu, and she became one of the most successful British female performers of the 1980s.

A six-time Grammy nominee in the U.S., Easton is a two-time Grammy Award winner, winning Best New Artist in 1981 and Best Mexican-American Performance in 1985, for her duet with Luis Miguel on the song "Me Gustas Tal Como Eres". She has received five U.S. Gold albums and one U.S. Platinum album. She has recorded 16 studio albums, released 45 singles total worldwide, and had 20 consecutive US singles, including 15 U.S. Top 40 singles, seven U.S. top tens and one U.S. No.1 on the Billboard Hot 100 between 1981 and 1991. She also had 25 top 40 hits in international territories around the world. In Canada, Easton scored three gold and two platinum albums. She has sold over 20 million records and singles worldwide.

Easton became the first artist in history to have a Top 5 hit on each of Billboard's primary singles charts, with "Morning Train (Nine to Five)" (both pop and adult contemporary), "We've Got Tonight" with Kenny Rogers (country) and "Sugar Walls" (both R&B and dance).

Easton's other hits include the James Bond theme "For Your Eyes Only", "Strut", "U Got the Look" and "The Arms of Orion" with Prince, "The Lover in Me" and "What Comes Naturally". She has worked with prominent vocalists and producers, such as Prince, Christopher Neil, Kenny Rogers, David Foster, Luis Miguel, L.A. Reid & Babyface, Patrice Rushen and Nile Rodgers.

The Last of the Big Time Suspenders

The Last of the Big Time Suspenders is a compilation album by the Canadian punk rock band SNFU. The album is composed of live recordings, demos, compilation and EP tracks, and studio outtakes. It was released in 1991, two years after SNFU's first breakup, to satisfy the band's two-album contract with Cargo Records. The group reformed to tour behind the album, leading to a full reunion.

Thumb Wrestling Federation

Thumb Wrestling Federation: TWF is an American children's live-action television series. It aired on Cartoon Network in the United States, YTV in Canada, and on the CBBC Channel in the United Kingdom (as well as its former strands on BBC One and BBC Two). It was previously shown on The WB and Nicktoons, in the United States, as well as on networks across Europe, Asia, and Latin America.

The show centers around two rival thumb wrestling teams in the style of professional wrestling, including colorful characters and over-the-top emotions and antics. The protagonists, the Dexteras, wrestle against their rivals, the Sinistras, in the quest to win the coveted TWF title. The wrestling bouts are hosted by two thumb commentators, Dick Thompson and retired TWF wrestler Colonel Cossack. TWF originated as a television series before being licensed for toys, apparel, and collectibles.

Trevor Lawrence (American football)

Trevor Lawrence (born October 6, 1999) is a collegiate American football quarterback for the Clemson Tigers. Lawrence was one of the most highly rated quarterback recruits ever, with multiple recruiting experts calling him a "once in a generation" type of player.


Vaudeville (; French: [vodvil]) is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment born in France at the end of the 1700s. A vaudeville is a comedy without psychological or moral intentions, based on a comical situation. It was originally a kind of dramatic composition or light poetry, usually a comedy, interspersed with songs or ballets. It became popular in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s, but the idea of Vaudeville's theatre changed radically from its French antecedent.

In some ways analogous to music hall from Victorian Britain, a typical American vaudeville performance was made up of a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill. Types of acts have included popular and classical musicians, singers, dancers, comedians, trained animals, magicians, ventriloquists, strongmen, female and male impersonators, acrobats, illustrated songs, jugglers, one-act plays or scenes from plays, athletes, lecturing celebrities, minstrels, and movies. A vaudeville performer is often referred to as a "vaudevillian".

Vaudeville developed from many sources, including the concert saloon, minstrelsy, freak shows, dime museums, and literary American burlesque. Called "the heart of American show business", vaudeville was one of the most popular types of entertainment in North America for several decades.


WCJC (99.3 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Country music format. Licensed to Van Buren, Indiana, United States, the station serves the Ft. Wayne area. The station is currently owned by Hoosier AM/FM LLC, formerly Mid-America Radio Group, Inc.The station's line-up includes Big John (John Morgan) in the mornings (5-10AM), Ben Rutz from 10AM to 2PM, And Sammy Edmonds in the evenings (2-7PM) and The Big Time with Whitney Allen from 7PM to Midnight. WCJC carries Fox News in the morning and local news with Ed Thurman throughout the day.


WNAX-FM (104.1 FM, "The Wolf") is a radio station broadcasting a country format. Licensed to Yankton, South Dakota, it serves the Yankton, Vermillion, and Sioux City areas. The station is currently owned by Saga Communications, Inc.

Staff include:

The Morning Howl - Sean & Zach (6a - 10a)

Big Scott Alan (10a- 2p)

Eric Roozen - Afternoon Showgram (2p - 7p)

Whitney Alan - The Big Time (7p - Midnight)

Cody Alan - CMT After Midnight (12a - 6a)Weekends

Jim Reimler


WRUF-FM (103.7 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a country music format. Licensed to Gainesville, Florida, United States, the station serves the Gainesville/Ocala area. The station is currently owned by the University of Florida. The station has been on the air since 1948.

Although the station is owned by a public university, the station, like AM sister WRUF, is operated as a commercial station in contrast to sister station WUFT-FM.

WRUF-FM has been a country station since October 2010. Prior to that, it was an album-oriented rock station since 1983. Prior to becoming "Rock 104" that year, the station played a Top 40 style hit radio format from 1981 to 1983. The hit radio format was adopted because another local FM station, had recently switched to playing hits on the FM with great success. The hit format had previously been played for many years on WRUF-AM, so technically, it was an easy switch, though many of the important powers at the University disfavored putting pop music on the FM. Prior to 1981, it played beautiful music and classical music under the moniker "Stereo 104," except for a Saturday-night disco music program from 1979-1980 called "Studio 104."

On October 11, 2010, the University announced that WRUF-FM would switch to a country music format in the near future. The "Rock 104" name and format will move to an internet-only station.On October 15, 2010 WRUF-FM made the format change from rock to country, branded as "Country 103.7, The Gator". Under the direction of Director of Programming Rob Harder, Operations Coordinator Brett T. Holcomb, and Sports Director Steve Russell, "The Gator" also serves as the home for Florida Gators football, men's basketball, and Sunday baseball. WRUF-FM programs the Bobby Bones morning show from 6-10 am followed by midday personality Jessie Roberts, Justin Tyler in afternoons, and The Big Time with Whitney Allen in the evenings. WRUF-FM is the only "new country" formatted radio station in the Gainesville-Ocala radio market targeting adults 18–49 years of age.

Westwood One

Westwood One, owned and operated by Cumulus Media, is an American mass media company headquartered in New York, New York, specializing in radio syndication and audio content. As the radio network and national brand of Cumulus, Westwood One distributes hundreds of programs to radio stations and partners across the United States.

The company was, at various times, managed by CBS Radio, the radio arm of CBS Corporation and Viacom. It was later purchased by the private equity firm The Gores Group and then sold to Dial Global in 2011. In September 2013, Dial Global rebranded under the name Westwood One and announced a merger agreement with Cumulus Media; the transaction was closed on December 12, 2013.

Westwood One now includes the combined network of Westwood One and Cumulus Media Networks, the former radio network of Cumulus.

The company takes its name from an earlier network also named Westwood One, a company founded in 1978 before merging with Dial Global in 2011.

Westwood One delivers content and services to thousands of radio stations and digital partners across the U.S., including music and entertainment; talk; and sports programming, including coverage of the NFL on Westwood One Sports.

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