, formerly known as and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group. It contains nearly all of the content of the newspapers The Guardian and The Observer, as well as a substantial body of web-only work produced by its own staff, including a rolling news service. As of November 2014, it was the second most popular online newspaper in the UK with over 17 million readers per month; with over 21 million monthly readers, Mail Online was the most popular.[2]

The site is made up of a core news site, with niche sections and subsections covering subjects including sport, business, environment, technology, arts and media, and lifestyle. is notable for its engagement with readers, including long-running talkboards and, more recently, a network of weblogs. Its seven blogs were joined on March 14, 2006, by a new comment section, "Comment is free", which has since merged into its Opinion section.

The site can be viewed without cost or registration, though some services such as leaving comments on articles require users to register. In March 2009, launched their API, using the OAuth protocol and making a wide range of Guardian content available for use by web application developers.[3]
The Guardian 2018
Frontpage, 15 January 2018
Type of site
Online Newspaper
Available inEnglish
OwnerGuardian Media Group
Created byThe Guardian
Alexa rankIncrease 137 (March 20, 2019)[1]
Current statusActive

Ownership is part of the Guardian Media Group of newspapers, radio stations, and new media, including The Guardian daily newspaper and The Observer Sunday newspaper. Guardian Media Group is owned by the Scott Trust, a charitable foundation which aims to ensure the newspaper's editorial independence in perpetuity, maintaining its financial health to ensure it does not become vulnerable to takeover by for-profit media groups, and the serious compromise of editorial independence that this often brings.

History was launched in 1999, born of the Guardian New Media Lab. Its popularity soared after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001, largely thanks to the diverse range of viewpoints published in The Guardian newspaper. The website won the Best Newspaper category in the 2005, 2006 and 2007 Webby Awards, beating the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal and Variety.[4]

In 2006, reported its first profitable year, with income coming mostly from recruitment and display advertising.[5] In May 2007, begun an 18-month programme of redesigning and adding features to the entire website, starting with the travel section, then moving through the rest of the site and the front page, finally updating the blogging and community features.[6] On July 30, 2013, the website was moved from to as part of increasing investments to grow globally.[7]

In 2018 joined with competitors News UK (The Times, The Sunday Times, The Sun) and The Daily Telegraph to create a joint platform for advertisers to buy online adverts across the multiple leading news websites, called The Ozone Project.[8] Later in the year Reach plc (formerly Trinity Mirror) joined the platform, bringing nearly all of UK's national newspapers onto the platform.[9]

Subsites and related online publications

Guardian Sport

The Guardian's Sport section has made the online transition into a popular and well-respected website, providing news, results, match reports, and live commentaries from a host of different sports.'s sport coverage has been pioneering in the online newspaper industry in the United Kingdom in offering live coverage of sports, especially football, over the Web. Examples include live text commentaries of 115 Premier League football matches and every FIFA World Cup match, as well as some live coverage of the FA Cup, Champions League, Europa League, and the occasional La Liga, League Cup, and playoff games.

"The Fiver"

"The Fiver" is a daily, mostly humorous football newsletter, available in the Sport section or via email newsletter, delivered to opt-in subscribers' inboxes at (approximately) 5 pm GST, Monday through Friday (hence the name "Fiver"). It does not appear in the print edition of The Guardian newspaper. "The Fiver" enjoys a worldwide following. Fiver writers include Paul Doyle and Barry Glendenning and are drawn from the Guardian sportswriting staff.

"Comment is free"

"Comment is free" (abbreviated Cif) was a comment and political opinion section within It contained comment and opinion pieces from The Guardian and The Observer newspapers, plus contributions from more than 600 other writers. The section was edited by Natalie Hanman;[10] its sub-site devoted to religious affairs, "Cif belief", was edited by Andrew Brown. It was launched on March 14, 2006,[11] with Georgina Henry as launch editor. The original technical design and build was by Ben Hammersley, based on the Movable Type blogging platform. Latterly, Cif ran on a custom Guardian-made system, using Pluck for the commenting.[12]

The site's name was derived from a sentence in a famous essay written by veteran Guardian editor C. P. Scott: "Comment is free, but facts are sacred."[13]

The site strictly enforced its talk policy by moderating comments after posting.[14] For particularly sensitive topics, comments may be moderated before posting.[15] Moderators could remove posts that violated the site's Community Standards (usually leaving a marker of the removal), but did not edit them.[15][16]

"Comment is free" has merged with's "Opinion" section, starting in late 2014 with the US edition, and concluding in early 2015 with the UK edition. It no longer uses the "Comment is free" title, though commentisfree remains in its URL.

Guardian America

Guardian America was an American version of the British news website Guardian Unlimited. The strategy, intended to win more U.S.-based readers, was abandoned in October 2009.[17]

Much of the content on Guardian America was taken from Guardian Unlimited and The Guardian, although some content was produced specifically for Guardian America.

Guardian US, launched in September 2011, is The Guardian's New York City-based American online presence. now redirects to The Guardian's United States topic page.

Readership is one of the UK's leading online newspapers, becoming the first UK newspaper to attract more than 25 million unique users in a month (October 2008).[18] On 7 July 2005, following the London bombings, 1.3 million unique users visited the site and a total of 7.8 million pages were viewed, at the time a record for[19]

As of August 2010 it was the second-most popular UK newspaper website after Mail Online, getting almost 34.6 million unique users monthly, and 13.7 million unique British users monthly.[20] By May 2011 it reached 2.8m unique visitors per day, and 51.3m per month, behind the MailOnline's 4.4m and 77.3m.[21] As of May 2013, using National Readership Survey and comScore's statistics, it was the most popular UK newspaper website with 8.2m unique visitors per month, ahead of Mail Online with 7.6m unique monthly visitors.[2]


The awards were created in 2008.[22]

In addition, the 2011 award of "Political Journalist of the Year" to The Guardian's Andrew Sparrow "was significant because it was a recognition of the impact of his general election live blog – a reward for innovation as well as reporting."[23]

In 2009 it was nominated for (but did not win) a Webby Award for "Best Copy/Writing".[24] However, the subsite Cif belief was nominated for, and won, the Webby in the best religion and spirituality site category.


  1. ^ " Site Overview". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  2. ^ a b "Daily Mail most popular UK newspaper". Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  3. ^ "The Guardian Launches Content API". idio. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
  4. ^ "The Webby Awards".
  5. ^ "Guardian Unlimited in the black for first time". Press Gazette. 2006-03-31. Archived from the original on May 23, 2009. Retrieved 2008-01-30. The Guardian's website,, made a profit of £1m this year
  6. ^ "Guardian Unlimited – the new look explained". Guardian Unlimited news blog. London. 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 18-month programme to redesign and rebuild every part of GU.
  7. ^ " is our new domain, as of today". Inside The Guardian Blog. 30 July 2013.
  8. ^ Waterson, Jim (20 June 2018). "Guardian, News UK and Telegraph launch joint advertising business". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  9. ^ Tobitt, Charlotte (11 September 2018). "Joint advertising platform becomes 'truly cross-industry initiative' as Reach unites with News UK, Guardian and Telegraph". Press Gazette. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  10. ^ Natalie Hanman, Guardian profile page.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-01. Retrieved 2011-08-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Laura Oliver, "Guardian implements Pluck on Comment Is Free platform", 9 June 2008,
  13. ^ "Comment is free, but facts are sacred". the Guardian.
  14. ^ Andrew Brown, "A thank you note on moderation", 24 March 2010.
  15. ^ a b, 7 May 2009, Frequently asked questions about community on, accessed 28 July 2011.
  16. ^, 7 May 2009, Community standards and participation guidelines.
  17. ^ Andrews, Robert (2009-10-20). "GNM Axing, Shuffling Execs In Restructure". Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  18. ^ Kiss, Jemima (2008-11-20). "ABCe: US election build-up helps UK newspaper sites to record traffic". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-11-20. The site recorded 25,976,046 unique users last month, according to the latest officially audited web figures from the Audit Bureau of Circulations Electronic.
  19. ^ Plunkett, John (2005-07-08). "Record numbers visit Guardian Unlimited". MediaGuardian. London. Retrieved 2008-01-30. Total unique users: 15,955,312
  20. ^ Jemima Kiss. "ABCes: Mail Online presses ahead as rivals see post-World Cup dip". the Guardian.
  21. ^ Deans, Jason (2011-06-23). "ABCe: Mail Online nears 80 million monthly users". Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  22. ^ a b Press Gazette, "Roll of Honour". Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-10., accessed 27 July 2011,
  23. ^, 6 April 2011, Press Awards 2011: let's not forget the winners.
  24. ^ "The Webby Awards". Archived from the original on 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2016-03-24.

External links

Aaron Siskind

Aaron Siskind (December 4, 1903 – February 8, 1991) was an American photographer. Siskind's work focuses on the details of things, presented as flat surfaces to create a new image independent of the original subject. He was closely involved with, if not a part of, the abstract expressionist movement.

Alan Bridges

Alan Bridges (28 September 1927 – 7 December 2013) was an English film and television director.

He won the Grand Prix at the 1973 Cannes Film Festival for his film The Hireling. His film Out of Season (1975) was entered into the 25th Berlin International Film Festival and film The Shooting Party (1985) was entered into the 14th Moscow International Film Festival. For television, Bridges directed several works by David Mercer and Dennis Potter.

Peter Bradshaw on film blog wrote: "Bridges was a brilliant poet and cinematic satirist – in tones both mordant and melancholy – of the English class system of the early 20th century, and a director with a flair for psychology and interior crisis, as evidenced by movies like The Return of the Soldier (1982) and The Shooting Party (1985)."

Compilation album

A compilation album comprises tracks, which may be previously released or unreleased, usually from several separate recordings by either one or several performers. If by one artist, then generally the tracks were not originally intended for release together as a single work, but may be collected together as a greatest hits album or box set. If from several performers, there may be a theme, topic, time period, or genre which links the tracks, or they may have been intended for release as a single work—such as a tribute album. When the tracks are by the same recording artist, the album may be referred to as a retrospective album or an anthology.

Eric Braamhaar

Frederikus Johannes (Eric) Braamhaar (born October 13, 1966 in Rijssen) is a Dutch football referee. Braamhaar is known to have served as a FIFA referee during the period from 2003 to 2011. He officiated at the 2003 FIFA U-17 World Championship and 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship, as well as qualifying matches for the 2006 and 2010 World Cups.He refereed the 2007 UEFA Champions League knockout stage match between Manchester United and Lille OSC. There was some controversy as Braamhaar allowed United's Ryan Giggs to take the free-kick and score before Lille goalkeeper Tony Sylva had assembled the defensive wall; Lille's players threatened to walk off the pitch leading them to be charged with improper conduct by UEFA. Four weeks later, while refereeing an Eredivisie, he was seen celebrating when Ajax scored their fifth goal in a 5–1 victory over PSV Eindhoven. PSV manager Ronald Koeman, thought he was celebrating the goal, but Braamhaar later explained that he celebrated because of his decision to play advantage after an Ajax player was fouled in the build-up.On April 26, 2007 he left the pitch during the UEFA Cup semi final between Osasuna and Sevilla due to a torn calf muscle. He was replaced by fourth official Pieter Vink.

Football in Denmark

Association football is the most popular sport in Denmark, with 331,693 players and 1,647 clubs registered (as of 2016) under the Danish FA. The game was introduced into Denmark by British sailors.

Football in Hungary

Football is the most popular sport in Hungary. The Hungarian Football Federation is the highest body of professional football in Hungary and was founded in 1901. The Hungarian national team has played numerous international tournaments, including the first football tournament in the Olympic Games (Stockholm 1912, nine World Cups and two European Championships). greatest achievement are the three gold medals in the 1952, 1964 and 1968 Olympic Games, and the runner-up in the 1938 and 1954 World Cups. The team known as the Mighty Magyars was also the first non-British team to defeat England, 6-3 at Wembley in 1953. Months later, they defeated the English by a convincing 7-1 in Budapest in 1954, the worst defeat in the history of the English team.

Football in Montserrat

The sport of association football in the island of Montserrat is run by the Montserrat Football Association. The association administers the national football team, as well as the national football league.

Guardian Media Group

Guardian Media Group plc (GMG) is a British mass media company owning various media operations including The Guardian and The Observer. The group is wholly owned by Scott Trust Limited, which exists to secure the financial and editorial independence of The Guardian in perpetuity.

The Group's 2018 annual report (year ending 1 April 2018) indicated that its owner, the Scott Trust Endowment Fund, reported a value of £1.01 billion (2017: £1.03bn).

Home Office hostile environment policy

The UK Home Office hostile environment policy is a set of administrative and legislative measures designed to make staying in the United Kingdom as difficult as possible for people without leave to remain, in the hope that they may "voluntarily leave". The Home Office policy was first announced in 2012 under the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition. The policy was widely seen as being part of a strategy of reducing UK immigration figures to the levels promised in the 2010 Conservative Party Election Manifesto.

According to remarks made by Home Secretary Theresa May at the time, "The aim is to create, here in Britain, a really hostile environment for illegal immigrants".

Ian Rickson

Ian Rickson (born 1963) is a British theatre director. He was the artistic director at the Royal Court Theatre in London from 1998 to 2006.

List of 2014 box office number-one films in the United Kingdom

This is a list of films which have reached number one at the weekend box office in the United Kingdom during 2014.

Lucy Mangan

Lucy Mangan (born 1974) is a British journalist and author. She is a columnist, features writer and TV critic for The Guardian. Her writing revolves around feminism.

Maria Miller

Maria Frances Lewis Miller (born 26 March 1964) is a British Conservative Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Basingstoke since 2005. She is the Chair of the Women and Equalities Select Committee.

She was the Minister for Disabled People from 2010 to 2012, and from 2012 to 2014 a member of the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and Minister for Women and Equalities. Miller was forced to resign from the cabinet in April 2014 because she had over-claimed expenses.

Ronnie O'Sullivan

Ronald Antonio O'Sullivan (born 5 December 1975) is an English professional snooker player who is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the sport. Since turning professional in 1992, he has won five World Championships, a record seven Masters titles, and a record seven UK Championships, setting a record total of 19 titles in Triple Crown tournaments. He shares the record for the most ranking titles (36) with Stephen Hendry, while his career earnings of over £10 million put him in first place on snooker's all-time prize-money list. Winning the Tour Championship on 24 March 2019 made him the sport's current world number one, the fourth time in his career that he has held the top position and the first time he has been number one since May 2010. This is the longest gap between number one spells by any player in history.A prolific break-builder, O'Sullivan holds the record for the most century breaks in professional competition, and is the only player ever to have achieved 1,000 career centuries. He holds the records for the most officially recognised maximum breaks in professional competition, with 15, and the fastest competitive maximum break, compiled in a time of 5 minutes and 8 seconds at the 1997 World Championship.Noted for his unpredictable temperament and his struggles with alcohol, drugs, and depression, O'Sullivan has often been a controversial figure in the sport. He has received many warnings and sanctions from its governing body over his conduct and comments, has repeatedly threatened to retire, took a prolonged break from the sport during the 2012/2013 season, and threatened in late 2018 to form a breakaway snooker tour. Outside his playing career, he has worked as a pundit for Eurosport's snooker coverage, has written crime novels and autobiographies, and has starred in the miniseries Ronnie O'Sullivan's American Hustle. He was awarded an OBE in the 2016 New Year Honours.

Statue of John Betjeman

The statue of John Betjeman at St Pancras railway station, London is a depiction in bronze by the sculptor Martin Jennings. The statue was designed and cast in 2007 and was unveiled on 12 November 2007 by Betjeman's daughter, Candida Lycett Green and the then Poet Laureate Andrew Motion to commemorate Betjeman and mark the opening of St Pancras International as the London terminus of the Eurostar high-speed rail link between the United Kingdom and Continental Europe. The location memorialises the connection between St Pancras station and Betjeman, an early and lifelong advocate of Victorian architecture.

Streetlife (website)

Streetlife was a British social networking website that links users together based on the neighbourhood where they live.

Terrorist incidents in Iraq in 2012

This list is limited to bombings in Iraq and does not include other forms of attacks.

The Audience (2013 play)

The Audience is a play by the British playwright and screenwriter Peter Morgan. The play centres on weekly meetings, called audiences, between Queen Elizabeth II, played by Dame Helen Mirren, and her prime ministers and premiered in the West End in 2013, at the Gielgud Theatre. A Broadway production opened in 2015, also starring Mirren. A West End revival played in London in 2015 starring Dame Kristin Scott Thomas in the lead role.

The Cinematic Orchestra

The Cinematic Orchestra is a British nu jazz and electronic music group, created in 1999 by Jason Swinscoe. The group is signed to independent record label Ninja Tune.

The Cinematic Orchestra have produced four studio albums, Motion (1999), Every Day (2002), Ma Fleur (2007) and To Believe (2019), and two film soundtrack albums, Man with a Movie Camera (2003) and for The Crimson Wing: Mystery of the Flamingos (2009).

In addition to Swinscoe, the band includes former DJ Food member PC (Patrick Carpenter) on turntables, Luke Flowers (drums), Tom Chant (saxophone), Nick Ramm (piano), Stuart McCallum (guitar) and Phil France (double bass). Former members include Jamie Coleman (trumpet), T. Daniel Howard (drums), Federico Ughi (drums), Alex James (piano), and Clean Sadness (synthesizer, programming).

Swinscoe and Carpenter have also recorded together under the band name Neptune.

Subsidiaries and
Joint ventures and
Former holdings

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.