Thane (also known as Thana, the official name until 1996) is a metropolitan city in India. Thane city coincides entirely within Thane taluka, one of the seven talukas of Thane district; also, it is the headquarter of the namesake district. With a population of 1,841,488 distributed over a land area of about 147 square kilometres (57 sq mi), Thane city is the 16th most populated city in India with a population of 1890,000 according to the 2011 census. The city is also called "City of Lakes" as the city is surrounded by 35 lakes.

Located on the northwestern side of the state of Maharashtra, the city is an immediate neighbour of Mumbai city and a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.


City of Lakes
Thane is located in India
Thane is located in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 19°10′21″N 72°57′25″E / 19.172431°N 72.957019°ECoordinates: 19°10′21″N 72°57′25″E / 19.172431°N 72.957019°E
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyCouncil of Thane
 • MayorMinakshi Shinde
 • Deputy MayorRajendra Sapte
 • Municipal CommissionerSanjeev Jaiswal
 • Total147 km2 (57 sq mi)
Area rank15
 • Total1,886,941
 • Rank15
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
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Telephone code022
Vehicle registrationMH-04
Lok Sabha constituenciesThane
Vidhan Sabha constituenciesThane

Etymology and other names

The word 'Thane' is derived from Sanskrit word 'sthāna' (Sanskrit: स्थान) which means 'place'. The name Thane, locally pronounced [ˈʈʰaːɳeː], has been variously romanised as Tana,[1] Thana,[2] Thâṇâ,[3] and Thane.[4] Ibn Battuta and Abulfeda knew it as Kukin Tana; Duarte Barbosa as Tana Mayambu.[5] During the British Raj, the city was called Tannah.


A copper plate dating to AD 1078 was discovered near the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787. A land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, lord of Tagara, wherein he addresses the inhabitants of a city called "Sri Sthanaka".[6]

The British occupied Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova and the island fort of Karanja in 1774.[7]



Thane was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in Asia. On 16 April 1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Colaba and Thane.[8] Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.

Thane is connected with neighbouring suburbs through Central and Trans-Harbour Line Suburban railway network. Thane is a railway junction for the Thane-Vashi Harbour Line and Central Line. It has become the busiest station in Mumbai and one of the busiest in India and handles 654,000 passengers daily.[9][10]


As of 2019, Wadala and Thane are being connected through a Metro line.[11]

On 26 August 2015, MMRDA sanctioned ₹354 billion for 118 km Mumbai metro network. This includes a 40-km Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavali Metro-4 corridor via Wadala GPO and R.A.Kidwai Marg costing ₹120 billion.[12]

In 2018, the TMC announced plans to build a 29 kilometres (18 mi) long metro line within Thane city.

Station Grade Construction Connections Status
1 Kasarvadavali Elevated Line 4A (Mumbai Metro),

Line 10 (Mumbai Metro)

Under Construction
2 Vijay Garden Elevated None Under Construction
3 Dongari Pada Elevated None Under Construction
4 Tikuji-Ni-Wadi Elevated None Under Construction
5 Manpada Elevated None Under Construction
6 Kapurbawdi Elevated Line 5 (Mumbai Metro) Under Construction
7 Majiwada Elevated None Under Construction
8 Cadbury Junction Elevated None Under Construction
9 Mahapalika Marg Elevated None Under Construction
10 RTO Thane Elevated None Under Construction
11 Thane Teen Haath Naka Elevated None Under Construction
12 Mulund Naka Elevated None Under Construction
13 Mulund Fire Station Elevated None Under Construction
14 Sonapur Elevated None Under Construction
15 Shangrila Elevated None Under Construction
16 Bhandup Metro Elevated None Under Construction
17 Bhandup Mahapalika Elevated None Under Construction
18 Naval Housing Elevated None Under Construction
19 Gandhi Nagar Elevated None Under Construction
20 Surya Nagar Elevated None Under Construction
21 Vikhroli Metro Elevated Line 6 (Mumbai Metro) Under Construction
22 Godrej Company Elevated None Under Construction
23 Shreyes Cinema Elevated None Under Construction
24 Lakshmi Nagar Elevated None Under Construction
25 Pant Nagar Elevated None Under Construction
26 Garodia Nagar Elevated None Under Construction
27 Amar Mahal Junction Elevated Line 2 (Mumbai Metro) Under Construction
28 Siddharth Colony Elevated None Under Construction
29 Suman Nagar Elevated None Under Construction
30 Anik Nagar Bus Depot Elevated None Under Construction
31 Wadala TT Elevated Line 11 (Mumbai Metro) Under Construction
32 Bhakti Park Metro Elevated Line 1 (Mumbai Monorail) Under Construction

Bus Services

Thane have their own municipal transport known as Thane municipal transport (TMT). TMT bus runs in many places in Thane and also runs to various place of Mumbai metropolitan region like Borivali, Andheri, BKC, Mulund, Mantralaya, Mira-bhayandar, Vasai-virar etc. Also many BEST buses in Thane run daily towards and inwards orivali, Mulund, Sion, colaba, Mantralaya, Majas depot, Kurla and CST Etc.

Hiranandani Gardens skyline
Thane Skyline



Thane has a tropical monsoon climate that borders on a tropical wet and dry climate. The overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures.

In Thane, temperature varies from 22 °C to 36 °C. Winter temperatures can fall to 12 °C at night while summer temperatures can rise to over 40 °C at noon. The lowest daytime temperatures are witnessed during the peak of the summer monsoon in July and August when temperatures can drop to about 25 °C. Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm and humidity is 61–86%, making it a humid-perhumid zone.

Thana district Places of Interest 1896 map
Thana district Places of Interest 1896 map


Masunda Lake in Thane
View of Masunda Lake (Talav Pali) from St.John The Baptist High School

The population of Thane according to the 2011 census is 1,886,941.[13] The average literacy rate of Thane city is 91.36 percent for where male and female literacy was 94.19 and 88.14 percent respectively. The sex ratio of Thane city is 882 females per 1000 males. Child sex ratio is 900 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0–6) in Thane city are 186,259 as per Census India report on 2011. There were 98,017 boys while 88,242 are girls. Children form 10.24% of total population of Thane City.[14]

The dominant language spoken in Thane is Marathi. Some of the East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane still speak Portuguese.[15] During period of 1800, Thane had the largest number of Jews in Indian subcontinent.[16]


Thane's lakes include Masunda Lake, also known as Talao Pali,[17] Kachrali Lake, and Upvan Lake. The Kopineshwar Temple on the banks is the oldest temple in the entire district of Thane. It was built and renovated in about 1750 by Chimajji Appa.[17]

Lakes in Thane

No. Lake Name Location Area
1 Brahamala Lake Near Babubhai Petrol Pump in Uthalsar Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.5173 hectare (garden area: 0.4 hectare)
2 Datiwali Lake East side of Diva station situated in the marshland of Ulhas river in Mumbra Ward Committee Area Area of Lake 0.77 hectare.
3 Dawala Lake At Ovala in Majiwada -Manpada Prabhag Samiti Lake area is 1.136 hectare
4 Devasar Lake At the end of Bhayanderpada at foothills of Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Majiwada-Manpada Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.516 hectare
5 Diaghar Lake At the outskirts of Diaghar village in Mumbra Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.363 hectare
6 Diva Lake Situated just outside Diva station in Mumbra Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.40503hectare
7 Ambe Ghosale Lake At Meenatai Thakare Chowk in Uthalsar Ward committee Area of lake is 2.7725hectare.(Garden Area : 0.57 hectare)
8 Gokul Nagar Lake It is a small lake situated in the heart of the city in the midst of Gokulnagar slums in Uthalsar Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.325hectare.
9 Hariyali Lake Near Thane Railway Station in Kopari Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.7939hectare. (Area around lake : 0.1 hectare)
10 Jail Lake Opp. Post Office beside Jail Water Tank in Uthalsar Ward committee Area of lake is 1.43hectare
11 Jogila Lake Near Uthalsar Ward office Area of lake is approx 0.1 hectare
12 Desai Lake On westside of Ulhas river, in Desai village in Mumbra Ward Committee Area of lake is 1.75 hectare with 10–12 feet depth
13 Kacharali Lake Opp. TMC Head Office in Naupada Ward Committee Area of lake is 2.00 hectare
14 Kasar-Wadavali Lake Majivada, manpada Ward office Area of lake is 4.5173 hectare
15 Kausa Lake Mumbra Ward office, Kausa Area of lake is 1.5173 hectare
16 Kavesar Lake Situated at Waghbill road Area of lake is 2.1746 hectare
17 Khardi Lake The lake is situated in premises of khardipada, Shil Area of lake is approx.1.15hectare
18 Kharegaon Lake Kalwa Ward office Area of lake is 0.7377 hectare
19 Khidkali Lake Mumbra Ward office Khidkali Lake is situated on the eastern side of the Thane creek near the Shil phata The area of lake is 1.7 hectare
20 Kolbad Lake Uthalsar Ward office Area of lake is 1.0 hectare
21 Kolshet Lake Manpada Ward office Area of lake is 1.0 hectare
22 Makhamali Lake Uthalsar Ward office Area of lake is 1.0 hectare.(garden Attached Area : 0.51 h)
23 Masunda Lake (Talao Pali) Masunda Lake ( Popularly known as Talao Pali) is located on West of Thane, in the heart of Thane city. The lake is surrounded by important historic places like Gadkari Rangayatan, St. John church, Kopineshwar temple and Jambli market. There is a Mahadev Dhyan Mandir at the centre of the lake and also a statue of Shivaji Maharaj near the lake. Area of lake is 7.2 hectares
24 Naar Lake Naar Lake is situated on outskirts of Thane along the Ghodbunder road Area of lake is 0.7550h and depth of 8 M
25 Kalwa Lake Kalwa Ward office. Located close to railway station Area of lake is 2 hectare
26 Phadakepada Lake Mumbra Ward office Area of lake is 1.71 hectare
27 Railadevi Lake Railadevi Ward office Area of lake is 8 hectare
28 Rewale Lake Majivada-manpada Ward office Area of lake is 0.5173 hectare
29 Shivaji Nagar, Balkumb Lake The lake is situated along old agra road next to water supply line in Balkum area Area of lake is 0.2247h
30 Siddheshwar Lake Uthalsar Ward office Area of lake is 3.000 hectare
31 Turbhepada Lake The lake is located near Hiranandani estate and Brahnmand colony. On Ghodbunderside Area of lake is 0.5857 h
32 Upvan Lake Vartak nagar Ward office is located at the foothills of Yeour. It is also the Venue for Sanskruti Arts Festival held every Jan Area of lake is 6 hectare
33 Shill Lake Mumbra Ward office Area of lake is 6 hectare

Thane is also known to host the popular Sanskruti Arts Festival at Upvan lake which is co-hosted by Maharashtra Tourism Development Board (MTDC) & Thane Muncipal Corporation (TMC)

Education in Thane

Colleges and institutes


Notable people

  • Prithvi Shaw, cricketer from virar this city is part of palghar district
  • Pramod Mahajan, former BJP leader and minister in Central government.

See also


  1. ^ Butler, Alban; Peter Doyle, eds. (c. 1756), "Bd Thomas of Tolentino", Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints, p. 68.
  2. ^ Habig, Marion Alphonse (1979), The Franciscan Book of Saints, Franciscan Herald Press, cited in "Thomas of Tolentino and Companions", Roman Catholic Saints, retrieved 9 November 2016.
  3. ^ Cunha, J. Gerson da (1876), Notes on the History and Antiquities of Chaul and Bassein, Bombay, p. 174.
  4. ^ "Bl. Thomas of Tolentino", Catholic Online.
  5. ^ Cunha (1876), p. 16.
  6. ^ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, p. 112.
  7. ^ Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honourable East India Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. pp. 53–54. ISBN 9788131300343.
  8. ^ Colonialism: An International, Social, Cultural and Political encyclopedia By Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, page 135
  9. ^ Thane is busiest railway station in Mumbai – Times Of India. (2013-05-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  10. ^ "Kalyan, Kurla and Thane among the 10 dirtiest stations in the country".
  11. ^ Soon, take a metro from south Mumbai to Thane Archived 30 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Hindustan Times (2013-04-23). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  12. ^ Reporter, B. S. "MMRDA sanctions Rs 35,400 cr for 118 km Mumbai metro network".
  13. ^ Census of India: Sub-District Details Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  14. ^ Thane City Population Census 2011 | Maharashtra. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  15. ^ Thane Gazetteer: Population: Christians – Speech. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  16. ^ Jew in Thane
  17. ^ a b "Masunda Talao, Thane". Native Planet. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Best Vocational Education & Training Courses Institute in India | RAGC". Rustomjee Academy For Global Careers. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  20. ^ "Sahyog College Of Management Studies". Sahyog College Of Management Studies. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  21. ^ "VPM's Sou. A. K. Joshi English Medium School - Homepage". Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  22. ^ "International Schools in Thane | Best Schools in Thane". Orchids The International School. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  23. ^ "Podar International School". Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  24. ^ "CP Goenka International School - Thane". Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  25. ^ "NL Dalmia | A School of Excellence of N.L. Dalmia Educational Society". Retrieved 2019-04-13.

External links

Climate data for Thane
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.1
Source: Government of Maharashtra
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