Thane, colloquially called Thana, is a metropolitan city in India. Thane city coincides entirely with Thane taluka, one of the seven talukas of Thane district; also, it is the headquarter of the namesake district. With a population of 1,841,488 distributed over a land area of about 147 square kilometres (57 sq mi), Thane city is the 16th most populated city in India with a population of 18.9 Lakhs according to the 2011 census. This city is also called as "City of Lakes" as the city is surrounded by 9 lakes.
Located on the northwestern side of the state of Maharashtra, the city is an immediate neighbour of Mumbai city and a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
|• Body||Council of Thane|
|• Mayor||Minakshi Shinde|
|• Deputy Mayor||Rajendra Sapte|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Sanjeev Jaiswal|
|• Total||147 km2 (57 sq mi)|
|• Density||13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|PIN||400 601 |
|Lok Sabha constituencies||Thane |
|Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Thane |
The word 'Thane' is derived from Sanskrit word 'sthāna' (Sanskrit: स्थान) which means 'place'. The name Thane, locally pronounced [ˈʈʰaːɳeː], has been variously romanised as Tana, Thana, Thâṇâ, and Thane. Ibn Battuta and Abulfeda knew it as Kukin Tana; Duarte Barbosa as Tana Mayambu.
A copper plate dating to AD 1078 was discovered near the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787. A land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, lord of Tagara, he addresses the inhabitants of a city called "Sri Sthanaka".
Thane was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in Asia. On 16 April 1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Colaba and Thane. Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.
Thane is connected with neighbouring suburbs through Central and Trans-Harbour Line Suburban railway network. Thane is a railway junction for the Thane-Vashi Harbour Line and Central Line. It has become the busiest station in Mumbai and one of the busiest in India and handles 654,000 passengers daily.
As of 2013, there are plans of extending the Ghatkopar-Mulund Metro line up to Thane.
On 26 August 2015, MMRDA sanctions ₹354 billion for 118 km Mumbai metro network. This includes a 40-km Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavali Metro-4 corridor via Wadala GPO and R.A.Kidwai Marg costing ₹120 billion.
In Thane, temperature varies from 22 °C to 36 °C. Winter temperatures can fall to 12 °C at night while summer temperatures can rise to over 40 °C at noon. The lowest daytime temperatures are witnessed during the peak of the summer monsoon in July and August when temperatures can drop to about 25 °C. Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm and humidity is 61-86%, making it a humid-perhumid zone.
|Climate data for Thane|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.5
|Average low °C (°F)||15.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3.1
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
The population of Thane according to the 2011 census is 1,886,941. The average literacy rate of Thane city is 91.36 percent of which male and female literacy was 94.19 and 88.14 percent. The sex ratio of Thane city is 882 females per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 900 per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6) in Thane city are 186,259 as per Census India report on 2011. There were 98,017 boys while 88,242 are girls. Children form 10.24% of total population of Thane City.
The dominant language spoken in Thane is Marathi. Some of the East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane still speak Portuguese. During period of 1800, Thane had the largest number of Jews in Indian subcontinent.
Thane's lakes include Masunda Lake, also known as Talao Pali, Kachrali Lake, and Upvan Lake. The Kopineshwar Temple on the banks is the oldest temple in the entire district of Thane. It was built and renovated in about 1750 by Chimajji Appa.
|1||Brahamala Lake||Near Babubhai Petrol Pump in Uthalsar Ward Committee||Area of lake is 0.5173 hectare (garden area: 0.4 hectare)|
|2||Datiwali Lake||East side of Diva station situated in the marshland of Ulhas river in Mumbra Ward Committee Area||Area of Lake 0.77 hectare.|
|3||Dawala Lake||At Ovala in Majiwada -Manpada Prabhag Samiti||Lake area is 1.136 hectare|
|4||Devasar Lake||At the end of Bhayanderpada at foothills of Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Majiwada-Manpada Ward Committee||Area of lake is 0.516 hectare|
|5||Diaghar Lake||At the outskirts of Diaghar village in Mumbra Ward Committee||Area of lake is 0.363 hectare|
|6||Diva Lake||Situated just outside Diva station in Mumbra Ward Committee||Area of lake is 0.40503hectare|
|7||Ambe Ghosale Lake||At Meenatai Thakare Chowk in Uthalsar Ward committee||Area of lake is 2.7725hectare.(Garden Area : 0.57 hectare)|
|8||Gokul Nagar Lake||It is a small lake situated in the heart of the city in the midst of Gokulnagar slums in Uthalsar Ward Committee||Area of lake is 0.325hectare.|
|9||Hariyali Lake||Near Thane Railway Station in Kopari Ward Committee||Area of lake is 0.7939hectare. (Area around lake : 0.1 hectare)|
|10||Jail Lake||Opp. Post Office beside Jail Water Tank in Uthalsar Ward committee||Area of lake is 1.43hectare|
|11||Jogila Lake||Near Uthalsar Ward office||Area of lake is approx 0.1 hectare|
|12||Desai Lake||On westside of Ulhas river, in Desai village in Mumbra Ward Committee||Area of lake is 1.75 hectare with 10–12 feet depth|
|13||Kacharali Lake||Opp. TMC Head Office in Naupada Ward Committee||Area of lake is 2.00 hectare|
|14||Kasar-Wadavali Lake||Majivada, manpada Ward office||Area of lake is 4.5173 hectare|
|15||Kausa Lake||Mumbra Ward office, Kausa||Area of lake is 1.5173 hectare|
|16||Kavesar Lake||Situated at Waghbill road||Area of lake is 2.1746 hectare|
|17||Khardi Lake||The lake is situated in premises of khardipada, Shil||Area of lake is approx.1.15hectare|
|18||Kharegaon Lake||Kalwa Ward office||Area of lake is 0.7377 hectare|
|19||Khidkali Lake||Mumbra Ward office Khidkali Lake is situated on the eastern side of the Thane creek near the Shil phata||The area of lake is 1.7 hectare|
|20||Kolbad Lake||Uthalsar Ward office, Kausa||Area of lake is 1.0 hectare|
|21||Kolshet Lake||Manpada Ward office||Area of lake is 1.0 hectare|
|22||Makhamali Lake||Uthalsar Ward office||Area of lake is 1.0 hectare.(garden Attached Area : 0.51 h)|
|23||Masunda Lake (Talao Pali)||Masunda Lake ( Popularly known as Talao Pali) is located on West of Thane, in the heart of Thane city. The lake is surrounded by important historic places like Gadkari Rangayatan, St. John church, Kopineshwar temple and Jambli market. There is a Mahadev Dhyan Mandir at the centre of the lake and also a statue of Shivaji Maharaj near the lake.||Area of lake is 7.2 hectares|
|24||Naar Lake||Naar Lake is situated on outskirts of Thane along the Ghodbunder road||Area of lake is 0.7550h and depth of 8 M|
|25||Kalwa Lake||Kalwa Ward office. Located close to railway station||Area of lake is 2 hectare|
|26||Phadakepada Lake||Mumbra Ward office||Area of lake is 1.71 hectare|
|27||Railadevi Lake||Railadevi Ward office||Area of lake is 8 hectare|
|28||Rewale Lake||Majivada-manpada Ward office||Area of lake is 0.5173 hectare|
|29||Shivaji Nagar, Balkumb Lake||The lake is situated along old agra road next to water supply line in Balkum area||Area of lake is 0.2247h|
|30||Siddheshwar Lake||Uthalsar Ward office||Area of lake is 3.000 hectare|
|31||Turbhepada Lake||The lake is located near Hiranandani estate and Brahnmand colony. On Ghodbunderside||Area of lake is 0.5857 h|
|32||Upvan Lake||Vartak nagar Ward office is located at the foothills of Yeor||Area of lake is 6 hectare|
|33||Shill Lake||Mumbra Ward office||Area of lake is 6 hectare|