Texas Rangers (baseball)

The Texas Rangers are an American professional baseball team based in Arlington, Texas, located in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The Rangers franchise currently competes in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the American League (AL) West division. Since 1994, the Rangers have played in Globe Life Park in Arlington. The team's name is borrowed from the famous law enforcement agency of the same name.

The franchise was established in 1961 as the Washington Senators, an expansion team awarded to Washington, D.C., after the city's first AL ballclub, the second Washington Senators, moved to Minnesota and became the Twins (the original Washington Senators played primarily in the National League during the 1890s). After the 1971 season, the new Senators moved to Arlington, and debuted as the Rangers the following spring.

The Texas Rangers Baseball Club has made eight appearances in the MLB postseason, seven following division championships in 1996, 1998, 1999, 2010, 2011, 2015, and 2016 and as a wild card team in 2012. In 2010, the Rangers advanced past the Division Series for the first time, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays. Texas then brought home their first American League pennant after beating the New York Yankees in six games. In the 2010 World Series, the franchise's first, the Rangers fell to the San Francisco Giants in five games. They repeated as American League champions the following year, then lost the 2011 World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games.

In 2018, the Rangers partnered with the KBO League's LG Twins, in business and baseball operations.[5]

In 2020, the Rangers will move from Globe Life Park to the new Globe Life Field.

Texas Rangers
2019 Texas Rangers season
Established in 1961
Based in Arlington since 1972
Texas RangersTexas Rangers Insignia
Team logoCap insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
Retired numbers
  • Blue, red, white[1][2]
  • Texas Rangers (1972–present)
  • Washington Senators (19611971)
Major league titles
World Series titles (0)None
AL Pennants (2)
West Division titles (7)
Wild card berths (1)
Front office
Owner(s)Rangers Baseball Express, LLC (Ray Davis and Bob Simpson, co-chairmen)[3][4]
ManagerChris Woodward
General ManagerJon Daniels
President of Baseball OperationsJon Daniels


Washington Senators (1961–1971)

When the second Washington Senators moved to Minnesota in 1960 to become the Twins, Major League Baseball decided to expand a year earlier than planned to stave off the twin threats of competition from the proposed Continental League and loss of its exemption from the Sherman Antitrust Act. As part of the expansion, the American League added two new teams for the 1961 season–the Los Angeles Angels and a new Washington Senators team. However, the new Senators were (and still are) considered an expansion team since the Twins retained the old Senators' records and history. The Senators and Angels began to fill their rosters with American League players in an expansion draft. The team played the 1961 season at old Griffith Stadium before moving to the new District of Columbia Stadium under a 10-year lease.

Richard Nixon throwing out opening pitch at Senators game, 1969
U.S. President Richard Nixon throwing Opening Day ceremonial first pitch at RFK Stadium on April 7, 1969, with Ted Williams (left) and Bob Short (right, partially obscured by Ralph Houk)

For most of their existence, the new Senators were the definition of futility, losing an average of 90 games a season. The team's struggles led to a twist on a joke about the old Senators: "Washington: first in war, first in peace and still last in the American League." Their only winning season was in 1969 when Hall of Famer Ted Williams managed the club to an 86–76 record, placing fourth in the AL East. Frank Howard, an outfielder/first baseman from 1965 to 1972 known for his towering home runs, was the team's most accomplished player, winning two home run titles.

Ownership changed hands several times during the franchise's stay in Washington and was often plagued by poor decision-making and planning. Following their brief success in 1969, owner Bob Short was forced to make many questionable trades to lower the debt he had incurred to pay for the team. By the end of the 1970 campaign, Short had issued an ultimatum: unless someone was willing to buy the Senators for $12 million (by comparison, the New York Yankees were sold in 1973 for $8.8 million), he would not renew the stadium lease and would move the team elsewhere.

Short was especially receptive to an offer brought up by Arlington, Texas, mayor Tom Vandergriff, who had been trying to obtain a major league sports team to play in the Metroplex for over a decade. Years earlier, Charles O. Finley, the owner of the Kansas City Athletics, sought to relocate his baseball team to Dallas, but the idea was rebuffed and ultimately declined by the other AL team owners. Arlington's hole card was Turnpike Stadium, a 10,000-seat park which had been built in 1965 to house the Double-A Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs of the Texas League. However, it had been built to MLB specifications, and only minor excavations would be necessary to expand the park to accommodate major league crowds.

Vandergriff's offer of a multimillion-dollar down payment prompted Short to make the move to Arlington. On September 21, 1971, by a vote of 10 to 2, American League owners granted approval to move the franchise to Arlington for the 1972 season.[6] Senators fans were livid. Enmity came to a head at the club's last game in Washington. Thousands of fans simply walked in without paying after the security guards left early, swelling the paid attendance of 14,460 to around 25,000, while fans unfurled a banner reading "SHORT STINKS". With the Senators leading 7–5 and two outs in the top of the ninth inning, several hundred youths stormed the field, raiding it for souvenirs. One man grabbed first base and ran off with it. With no security in sight and only three bases, umpire crew chief Jim Honochick forfeited the game to the New York Yankees.[7][8] The nation's capital went with out Major League Baseball for 33 years until the relocation of the National League's Montreal Expos who became the Washington Nationals.

Texas Rangers (1972–present)

First years in Texas (1972–1984)

Frank Lucchesi, Rangers manager from 1975 to 1977

Prior to the 1972 season, improvements were made to Turnpike Stadium, which reopened as Arlington Stadium, in preparation for the inaugural season of the Texas Rangers. The team played its first game on April 15, 1972, a 1–0 loss at the hands of the California Angels, their 1961 expansion cousins. The next day, the Rangers defeated the Angels, 5–1, for the club's first victory.

In 1974, the Rangers experienced their first winning season after finishing last in both 1972 and 1973. Under the ownership of Brad Corbett, they finished second in the American League West with an 84–76 record, behind the eventual World Series champion Oakland Athletics. The 1974 Rangers are still the only MLB team to finish above .500 after two consecutive 100-loss seasons. Mike Hargrove was awarded American League Rookie of the Year, Billy Martin was named AL Manager of the Year, Jeff Burroughs won AL MVP, and Ferguson Jenkins was named the Comeback Player of the Year after winning 25 games, a club record to this day. The team posted winning records again from 1977 to 1979 but fell short of reaching the playoffs. The Rangers came very close to clinching a playoff spot in 1981, but wound up losing the first half of the AL West by one-and-a-half games to Oakland at the time of the players' strike. Texas went on to finish under .500 each season through 1985.

The Rangers faced an attendance problem for a few years in Texas, due in part to both the team's inconsistent performance and the oppressive heat and humidity that can encompass the area in the summer. Until the Florida Marlins arrived in 1993, Arlington Stadium was often the hottest stadium in the majors, with temperatures frequently topping 100 °F throughout the summer. So, the Rangers began playing most of their weekend games between May and September at night, a tradition that continues to this day.

Valentine, Ryan, and Bush (1985–1994)

Nolan Ryan Tiger Stadium 1990 CROP
Nolan Ryan pitched for the Rangers from 1989 to 1993.

Manager Bobby Valentine became steward over an influx of talent in the late 1980s and early 1990s. A winning season in 1986 was a shock to pundits and fans alike as the Rangers remained in the race for the American League pennant for the entire season. With a team consisting of stellar young rookies such as Rubén Sierra, Pete Incaviglia, Mitch Williams, Bobby Witt, and Edwin Correa, the Rangers finished the season in second place with an 87–75 record, just five games behind the division-champion Angels. The season marked a dramatic 25-win improvement over the 1985 season, which resulted in yet another last-place finish in the West. The signing of 41-year-old star pitcher Nolan Ryan prior to the 1989 season allowed Ryan to reach his 5,000th strikeout, 300th win, and 6th and 7th no-hitters with the Rangers. Despite powerful lineups including the likes of Juan González, Rubén Sierra, Julio Franco, and Rafael Palmeiro and a pitching staff that also included Charlie Hough, Bobby Witt, Kevin Brown, and Kenny Rogers, Valentine's Rangers never finished above second place and he was relieved of his duties during the 1992 season.

In April 1989, Rangers owner and oil tycoon Eddie Chiles, sold the team to an investment group headed by George W. Bush for $89 million.[9] While his own equity in the team was a small one ($500,000), Bush was named Managing General Partner of the new ownership group. He increased his investment to $600,000 the following year.[10] Bush left his position with the Rangers when he was elected Governor of Texas in 1994, and he sold his stake in the team in 1998.

During Bush's tenure, the Rangers and the City of Arlington decided to replace the aging Arlington Stadium with a new publicly funded stadium, at a cost of $193 million, financed by Arlington residents, through a sales tax increase. Ground was broken on October 30, 1991, on what would become The Ballpark in Arlington (now named Globe Life Park in Arlington).

In 1993, Kevin Kennedy took over managerial duties, presiding over the team for two seasons, keeping the 1993 Rangers in the hunt for a playoff berth into mid-September. Kennedy was let go in 1994, although the team led the AL West prior to the players' strike which prompted commissioner Bud Selig to cancel the remainder of the season and the playoffs. On July 28, Kenny Rogers pitched the 12th perfect game in major league history in Arlington against the California Angels.

First division titles (1995–2000)

Globe Life Park opened in 1994.

Johnny Oates was hired as the Rangers' manager in 1995. Oates and company helped to bring home the 1996 AL Western Division Championship, the first division championship in franchise history. The first playoff series, 24 years after the franchise came to Texas, saw the Rangers lose to the New York Yankees, 3 games to 1. Oates was named AL Manager of the Year and Juan González was named AL MVP. The team featured a powerful lineup of hitters including González, Iván Rodríguez, and Rusty Greer, but continued to struggle with pitching despite having Rick Helling and Aaron Sele on their roster. Oates led the team to consecutive AL West championships in 1998 and 1999. Neither of Oates' last two playoff teams could win a single game, losing all six in back-to-back sweeps at the hands of the Yankees, a team that won three World Series in the 1990s after defeating Rangers teams in the first round. The 1999 team was be the last playoff-bound team until 2010. En route to a second-straight last-place finish, Oates resigned his position 28 games into the 2001 season.

In 1998, venture capital billionaire Tom Hicks bought the team for $250 million.[11]

The lean years (2001–2004)

Michael Young on April 25, 2009
Michael Young was selected for the MLB All-Star Game seven times (2004–2009, 2011).

Prior to the 2001 season, star free agent shortstop Alex Rodriguez was signed by the Rangers in the most lucrative deal in baseball history: a 10-year, $252 million contract. The move was controversial and is frequently maligned by fans and writers who thought that owner Tom Hicks was placing too much emphasis on one player instead of utilizing team resources to acquire several players, especially for a team that lacked pitching talent. Club officials maintained that Rodriguez would be the cornerstone of future postseason success. Although Rodriguez's individual performance was outstanding, the Rangers continued to struggle, and manager Jerry Narron was fired following the 2002 season and was replaced by seasoned manager Buck Showalter. The 2003 season signified the Rangers' fourth-straight last-place finish, and after a postseason fallout between Rodriguez and club management, the reigning AL MVP and newly appointed Rangers captain was traded to the New York Yankees for second baseman Alfonso Soriano and infield prospect Joaquin Arias.

The Rangers battled with the Anaheim Angels and Oakland Athletics for first place in the AL West for much of the 2004 season. Mark Teixeira, Alfonso Soriano, Michael Young, and Hank Blalock became some of the best-hitting infielders in the league, with Young, Blalock, and Soriano being selected for the 2004 All-Star Game. Soriano was named the All-Star MVP after going 2 for 3 with a three-run home run. Despite a late-season push, the Rangers ended up losing six of their final ten games and finished in third place behind the Angels and A's, a mere three games out of first place.

Making changes (2005–2009)

Nelson Cruz
Nelson Cruz, Rangers outfielder from 2006 to 2013

In 2005, the Rangers again struggled to find consistency amid controversy and injuries. John Hart stepped down as general manager following the 2005 season. Jon Daniels was promoted from assistant general manager to replace him. Daniels, at 28 years and one month, became the youngest general manager in major league history.

Daniels and the Rangers front office were very active in acquiring new players before and during the 2006 season. New acquisitions included Brad Wilkerson, Adam Eaton, Kevin Millwood, Carlos Lee, and Nelson Cruz. Despite bolstering their roster, the Rangers' 2006 season ended with a disappointing 80–82 record and a third-place finish in the AL West. Buck Showalter was dismissed as manager after the season. The team hired Oakland third base coach Ron Washington as their next mananger.[12] A change at manager was the first of several moves to strengthen the team in yet another busy offseason. The team lost Gary Matthews, Jr., Mark DeRosa, Carlos Lee, and Adam Eaton, but gained Kenny Lofton, Sammy Sosa, Frank Catalanotto, and pitchers Éric Gagné and Brandon McCarthy.[13]

D Holland
Derek Holland, one of the top pitching prospects to be drafted by Texas, pitched for the Rangers from 2009 to 2016.

The Rangers struggled offensively early in the 2007 season, despite playing in a notoriously hitter-friendly park. A number of roster moves before the 2007 trade deadline were the beginnings of a rebuilding project headed by Jon Daniels with a focus on the acquisition and development of young players. In the coming years, more club resources would be dedicated to improving the quality of the farm system and scouting departments, most notably in Latin America and the Far East. Daniels' objective was to field a legitimately competitive team by the 2010 season.

The Rangers began the 2008 season exceptionally well, headlined by newcomer Josh Hamilton who looked to be a threat to win the Triple Crown, before fading off as the season wore on. During the All-Star festivities at Yankee Stadium, Hamilton crushed a first round home run record in the 2008 Home Run Derby with 28. Hamilton hit another four in the second round and three during the final round, for a total of 35 home runs, but lost to the Twins' Justin Morneau. Four Rangers played in the All Star Game: Hamilton, Ian Kinsler, Milton Bradley, and Michael Young, who would repeat his 2006 All-Star Game feat by driving in the winning run via a sac fly.

The Rangers finished the season with yet another sub-.500 record (79–83), yet ended the season second in the AL West, the club's best finish since 1999. The 2009 season saw the Rangers soar into playoff contention for the first time since 2004. Despite injuries to Josh Hamilton and Ian Kinsler, the Rangers held first place in their division for long stretches of the summer before fading after September 1, losing the division to the Los Angeles Angels. The Rangers finished the season at 87–75, their first winning season since 2004 and good enough for second place in the AL West. Michael Young responded to his move to third base by posting one of his best offensive seasons ever while committing just nine errors and earning a sixth-straight All-Star appearance.[14] Josh Hamilton and Nelson Cruz were also named 2009 AL All-Stars.

Rangers Baseball Express, LLC

Following financial problems, including defaulting on a $525 million loan,[15] Tom Hicks and Hicks Sports Group reached an agreement to sell the Texas Rangers to group headed by Pittsburgh sports lawyer Chuck Greenberg and Rangers team president Nolan Ryan for approximately $570 million on January 22, 2010.[16] Hicks also sold much of the land surrounding Rangers Ballpark to Greenberg and Ryan's group in a separate deal.

However, one of HSG's principal lenders, Monarch Alternative Capital, opposed the sale on grounds that the proceeds would not fully repay the defaulted HSG notes.[17] On April 21, Major League Baseball issued a statement declaring the Rangers' sale to be under the control of the Commissioner to expedite the process.[18][19] As the stalemate between HSG and its creditors continued, the Texas Rangers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on May 24.[20][21] As of that date, the Rangers and HSG had an estimated debt of $575 million.[21] Much of the unsecured debt was owed in back salary. Yankees third baseman Alex Rodriguez topped the list of unsecured creditors with an estimated $24.9 million owed by the Rangers.[21] The sale would repay all the team's creditors, including Rodriguez and other players owed back salary.[21] Following a court-ordered public auction to be held on August 4 with the winning bid submitted by Greenberg/Ryan, the bankruptcy court closed the case. The sale to Greenberg/Ryan was approved by all 30 MLB owners at the owners meeting in Minneapolis on August 12. The new ownership group was called Rangers Baseball Express, LLC and had Chuck Greenberg serving as managing general partner and Nolan Ryan as club president.[22] Oil magnates Ray Davis and Bob R. Simpson paid the bulk of the $539 sale price, and became co-chairmen, with the largest stakes in the ownership group. However, they remained mostly in the background as senior consultants, leaving the team mostly in Greenberg and Ryan's hands.[23][3]

Rise to contention (2010–2016)

With the influx of talent and success in 2009, the Rangers entered the 2010 season expecting to compete for the division and achieve the front office's 2007 goals. During the off-season, Nolan Ryan spoke about the Rangers' chances in the upcoming season saying, "My expectations today are that we're going to be extremely competitive and if we don't win our division, I'll be disappointed."[24]

After stumbling out of the gates with a sub-.500 start in April 2010, the Rangers took the division lead with a franchise-best month of June, going 21–6. The Rangers never relinquished first place after an 11-game winning streak. The team made several mid-season moves to acquire players such as Cliff Lee, Bengie Molina, Jorge Cantú, and Jeff Francoeur. After the All-Star Game, in which six Rangers were present, came the debut of the claw and antler hand gestures, which gained much popularity, especially after the release of various apparel and souvenir options. Foam claws and helmets with deer antlers became quite commonplace in the ballpark as the Rangers played further into the fall. The Rangers won the AL West on September 25, advancing to the postseason for the first time since 1999 with a 90–72 record.[25] The Rangers entered the playoffs against the Tampa Bay Rays in the first round, which ultimately resulted in a 3–2 series victory and marked the first postseason series victory in the 50-year history of the Rangers/Washington Senators franchise. Facing the Rangers in the American League Championship Series were the defending World Champion New York Yankees, the team the Rangers failed against three separate times in the 1990s. In a six-game ALCS, Texas came out victorious, winning the first pennant in franchise history in front of an ecstatic home crowd.[26] Josh Hamilton was awarded ALCS MVP. The Texas Rangers faced the San Francisco Giants in the 2010 World Series, but their offense struggled against the Giants' young pitching and eventually lost the Series, 4–1.

In March 2011, Chick Greenberg resigned as Chief Executive and Managing General Partner and sold his interest in the Rangers after a falling out with his partners.[27] Following his resignation, Nolan Ryan was named CEO in addition to his continuing role as team president.[28] Ryan was subsequently approved as the team's controlling owner by a unanimous vote of the 30 owners of Major League Baseball on May 12.[27]

The Rangers successfully defended their AL West Division title in 2011, making the club's second-straight division title and postseason appearance. The Rangers set records for best win–loss record (96–66, .592) and home attendance (2,946,949). On October 15, they went back to the 2011 World Series after beating the Detroit Tigers 15–5 in game six of the ALCS.[29] The series featured Nelson Cruz hitting six home runs, the most home runs by one player in a playoff series in MLB history. In game two, Cruz also became the first player in postseason history to win a game with a walk-off grand slam as the Rangers defeated the Tigers 7–3 in 11 innings. However, they proceeded to lose to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games, after twice being one strike away from the championship in game six.

The Rangers dominated the American League standings for much of the 2012 season, but floundered in September, culminating in a sweep by the Oakland Athletics in the final series. They did, however, qualify for the first American League wild-card playoff game. In the new Wild Card Game, the Rangers' woes continued, as they lost 5–1 to the Orioles. The Rangers figured in the 2013 wild card as well. They finished the season in second place in the American League West with a 91–72 record, tied with the Tampa Bay Rays for a wild card spot. A 163rd play-in tie-breaker game was held to determine the second participant in the 2013 American League Wild Card Game against the Cleveland Indians. The Rangers lost to the Rays, 5–2, in the tie-breaker and were eliminated from playoff contention after reaching the postseason in three consecutive seasons. Nolan Ryan stepped down as Rangers CEO effective October 31, 2013.[30] Since then, Daniels has served as operating head of the franchise, with Davis and Simpson continuing to serve mostly as senior consultants.

Cole Hamels 2018
Cole Hamels was named the Opening Day starter for the 2016 season.

Injuries took a major toll on the Rangers in 2014 and 2015.[31][32] The lone bright spot was Adrián Beltré, who despite spending some time injured, was the most consistent offensive player on the team.[33][34] With the acquisition of Cole Hamels in 2015, the Rangers overtook the Houston Astros to clinch the American League West title on the final day of the season with a record of 88–74. The Rangers went on to lose to the Toronto Blue Jays in five games in the Division Series after squandering a 2–0 series lead. Texas again clinched the AL West in 2016, but lost to Toronto, 3–0, in the ALDS.


The Rangers finished the 2017 campaign 23 games out of first place with a 78–84 record. On September 21, 2018, holding on to a 64–88 record, the Rangers fired Jeff Banister who had led the team since 2015. He was replaced by bench coach Don Wakamatsu for the remainder of the season.[35] Chris Woodward was later selected to be the team's manager beginning with the 2019 season.[36]

Season-by-season records

Texas Rangers 10-Year History
Season Wins Losses Win % Place Playoffs
2009 87 75 .537 2nd in AL West
2010 90 72 .556 1st in AL West Won ALDS vs. Tampa Bay Rays, 3–2
Won ALCS vs. New York Yankees, 4–2
Lost WS vs. San Francisco Giants, 4–1
2011 96 66 .593 1st in AL West Won ALDS vs. Tampa Bay Rays, 3–1
Won ALCS vs. Detroit Tigers, 4–2
Lost WS vs. St. Louis Cardinals, 4–3
2012 93 69 .574 2nd in AL West Lost ALWC vs. Baltimore Orioles, 5–1
2013 91 72 .558 2nd in AL West
2014 67 95 .414 5th in AL West
2015 88 74 .543 1st in AL West Lost ALDS vs. Toronto Blue Jays, 3–2
2016 95 67 .586 1st in AL West Lost ALDS vs. Toronto Blue Jays, 3–0
2017 78 84 .481 4th in AL West
2018 67 95 .414 5th in AL West
10-Year Record 852 769 .526
All-Time Record 4,425 4,829 .478

Radio and television


  • KRLD-FM 105.3 FM
  • KRLD (AM) NewsRadio 1080 will carry any games that conflict with previously scheduled programming on 105.3 The FAN.
  • KFLC 1270 AM (Spanish)

In addition to the flagship stations listed above, Rangers games can be heard on affiliates throughout much of Texas, and also in parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and New Mexico.[37] Eric Nadel is the primary play-by-play announcer. He has called games for the club since 1979 beginning on television broadcasts, then moving exclusively to radio beginning in 1985. He became the primary announcer after the late Mark Holtz moved to television. Currently, Nadel provides play-by-play in the 1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 9th innings, and color commentary for the other innings. On December 11, 2013, he was awarded the 2014 Ford C. Frick Award by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum for excellence in broadcasting.[38] Matt Hicks now shares the broadcast booth with Nadel. He joined the broadcast in 2012 after Steve Busby moved from radio to television to replace Dave Barnett. Hicks provides play-by-play in the 3rd, 4th, and 7th innings, and color commentary for the other innings. Jared Sandler hosts the pre-game and post-game shows, and also fills in whenever Nadel or Hicks have a day off. For the Spanish radio affiliates, Eleno Ornelas is the play-by-play announcer, and former Rangers pitcher José Guzmán is the color analyst.


Texas Rangers games currently air on regional television network Fox Sports Southwest. During the 2016 season, they had an average 3.96 rating and 105,000 viewers on primetime broadcasts.[39] Due to the Rangers having to play many of their Sunday home games at night, the team has been featured frequently on ESPN's Sunday Night Baseball during the summer months. Rangers games can also be seen on MLB on Fox and TBS.

Since 2017, Dave Raymond is the primary television play-by-play announcer and former MLB pitcher C. J. Nitkowski is the primary color commentator.[40] Nitkowski also fills in for Raymond on play-by-play for select games. Raymond replaced Steve Busby, who since 1982 on both TV and radio has had various stints in various positions on Rangers broadcasts from play-by-play to color commentary to pre-game and post-game analysis. In June 2012, Busby moved back to television play-by-play after Dave Barnett left his position as game announcer following an episode in which he experienced speech difficulties.[41] Beginning in 2016, Raymond substituted for Busby on select games. Previously the primary color commentator, Tom Grieve still broadcasts many games. A former Rangers player and general manager, Grieve has been in the TV booth since 1995, following the end of his tenure as GM. Another former Ranger, Mark McLemore, has substituted for Grieve in the past[42] and often joins the booth for an inning during home games. He and former Ranger Iván Rodríguez are among the pre-game and post-game analysts used on Fox Sports Southwest. FSSW pre-game and post-game shows are hosted by a rotation among Dana Larson, John Rhadigan, Ric Renner, Erin Hartigan, and David Murphy. In-game reporters include Rhadigan, Hartigan, Lesley McCaslin, and Rangers employee Emily Jones (formerly of FSSW).


Rangers Captain team mascot May 23 2016
Rangers Captain (May 2016)

Rangers Captain is the mascot for the Texas Rangers. Introduced in 2002, he is a palomino-style horse, dressed in the team's uniform. He wears the uniform number 72 in honor of 1972, the year the Rangers relocated to Arlington. He has multiple uniforms to match each of the variants the team wears. Captain's outfits sometimes match a theme the team is promoting; on April 24, 2010, he was dressed up like Elvis Presley as part of an Elvis themed night.


Texas Rangers roster
Active roster Inactive roster Coaches/Other

Starting rotation









Designated hitters



60-day injured list

24 active, 16 inactive

Injury icon 2.svg 7- or 10-day injured list
dagger Suspended list
# Personal leave
Roster and coaches updated June 24, 2019
TransactionsDepth chart

All MLB rosters


Baseball Hall of Famers

Texas Rangers Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Washington Senators, Texas Rangers

Nellie Fox

Ted Williams

Texas Rangers

Harold Baines
Bert Blyleven

Goose Gossage
Vladimir Guerrero

Whitey Herzog

Ferguson Jenkins
Gaylord Perry

Iván Rodríguez
Nolan Ryan

  • Players and managers listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Rangers or Senators cap insignia.
  • * Has no insignia on his cap due to playing at a time when caps bore no insignia.

Chuck Hinton and Frank Howard, who played for the franchise in Washington (although Howard played for the Rangers in 1972), are listed on the Washington Hall of Stars display at Nationals Park in Washington. So are Gil Hodges and Mickey Vernon, who managed the "New Senators". Vernon also played for the "Old Senators", who became the Minnesota Twins.

Ford C. Frick Award recipients

Texas Rangers Ford C. Frick Award recipients
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Jon Miller

Eric Nadel

  • Names in bold received the award based primarily on their work as broadcasters for the Rangers or Senators.

Texas Sports Hall of Fame

Rangers in the Texas Sports Hall of Fame
No. Name Position Tenure Notes
Lee Ballanfant Scout 1972–1981 Born in Waco
2, 10 Michael Young IF 2000–2012
7 Iván Rodríguez C 1991–2002, 2009
10 Jim Sundberg C 1974–1983
27 Lance Berkman 1B 2013 Elected mainly on his performance with Houston Astros, born and raised in Waco, attended Rice University
34 Nolan Ryan P 1989–1993 Born in Refugio, grew up in Alvin
46 Burt Hooton P 1985 Elected mainly on his performances with Chicago Cubs and Los Angeles Dodgers, born in Greenville, attended University of Texas-Austin

Texas Rangers Hall of Fame

The Texas Rangers Hall of Fame was created in 2003 to honor the careers of former Texas Rangers players, managers, executives, and broadcasters. There are currently 20 members, with 2 additional members to be inducted on August 17, 2019. [43] The Hall is located in Globe Life Park in Arlington, behind right field. The Hall's two levels cover 13,000 square feet and included a 235-seat theater and various plaques, photos, and memorabilia. It can accommodate up to 600 people.[44]

Year Year inducted
Bold Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Ranger
Bold Recipient of the Hall of Fame's Ford C. Frick Award
Texas Rangers Hall of Fame
Year No. Name Position(s) Tenure
2003 49 Charlie Hough P 1980–1990
26 Johnny Oates Manager 1995–2001
34 Nolan Ryandagger P 1989–1993
10 Jim Sundberg C 1974–1983
2004 25 Buddy Bell 3B 1979–1985, 1989
31 Fergie Jenkins P 1974–1975
Tom Vandergriff Broadcaster 1975–1977
2005 Mark Holtz Broadcaster 1981–1997
35 John Wetteland P 1997–2000
2007 29 Rusty Greer LF 1994–2002
2009 11, 17 Toby Harrah 3B/SS
3, 21, 24, 28, 38 Rubén Sierra RF/DH 1986–1992
2010 4, 6 Tom Grieve OF 1970, 1972–1977
2011 37 Kenny Rogers P 1989–1995
2012 Eric Nadel Broadcaster 1979–present
2013 7 Iván Rodríguezdagger C 1991–2002, 2009
2014 Tom Schieffer Team President 1991–1999
2015 13, 19 Juan González OF 1989–1999
40 Jeff Russell P 1985–1992
2016 2, 10 Michael Young IF 2000–2012
2019 32 Josh Hamilton OF 2008–2012, 2015
Richard Greene Mayor of Arlington 1987—1997

Retired numbers


Retired August 12, 2017

Retired August 6, 2005

Retired June 8, 2019

Retired September 15, 1996

Honored April 15, 1997

The Rangers plan to retire the number 10 in honor of Michael Young in a ceremony to be held on August 31, 2019.[45]

Team captains

Team records

Texas Rangers Six Shooters

The Texas Rangers Six Shooters is an interactive dance squad for the Texas Rangers that perform various duties at Rangers home games. The women dance, tumble, and interact with fans.[46]

Minor league affiliations

First Tennessee Park, May 5, 2015 - 1
First Tennessee Park in Nashville, Tennessee, home of the Nashville Sounds, the Rangers' Triple-A affiliate

The Texas Rangers farm system consists of eight minor league affiliates.[47]

Level Team League Location
AAA Nashville Sounds Pacific Coast League Nashville, Tennessee
AA Frisco RoughRiders Texas League Frisco, Texas
Advanced A Down East Wood Ducks Carolina League Kinston, North Carolina
A Hickory Crawdads South Atlantic League Hickory, North Carolina
Short Season A Spokane Indians Northwest League Spokane, Washington
Rookie AZL Rangers Arizona League Surprise, Arizona
DSL Rangers 1 & 2 Dominican Summer League Dominican Republic

See also


  1. ^ Sullivan, T.R. (November 26, 2013). "Rangers modifying jerseys for '14 season". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  2. ^ "Uniforms and Logos". TexasRangers.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Wills, Todd (March 11, 2011). "Davis, Simpson to continue as low-key counsel". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  4. ^ "Ray Davis approved as Rangers' control person" (Press release). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. November 14, 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  5. ^ "Texas Rangers, LG Twins announce partnership agreement". Major League Baseball. February 21, 2018. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  6. ^ Minot, Jr., George (September 22, 1971). "Short Takes Senators to Texas". The Washington Post.
  7. ^ McPherson, Myra; Huth, Tom (October 1, 1971). "Rowdy Fans Hand Senators Final Loss". The Washington Post.
  8. ^ Kalinsky, George; Shannon, Bill (1975). The Ballparks. New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc.
  9. ^ Los Angeles Times: "Chiles Reaches Agreement on Sale of Rangers" August 27, 1988
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External links

1960 Major League Baseball expansion draft

The 1960 MLB Expansion Draft was held by Major League Baseball on December 14, 1960, to fill the rosters of the Los Angeles Angels and the Washington Senators. The Angels and the Senators (who later became the Texas Rangers) were the new franchises that would enter the league in the 1961 season.

Each existing American League club had to make available for the draft seven players on their active roster on August 31, 1960, and eight others from their 40-man roster. The expansion clubs paid $75,000 for each of 28 players they drafted with a maximum of seven players drafted from each existing club, not including minor league selections. They were required to take at least ten pitchers, two catchers, six infielders, and four outfielders. The clubs also had the option of drafting one non-roster player for $25,000 from each established franchise.

1961 Major League Baseball expansion

The 1961 Major League Baseball expansion resulted in the formation of two new Major League Baseball (MLB) franchises in the American League (AL). A new club was started in Washington, D.C. and took the existing name of the Senators, as the previous team of the same name moved to Minneapolis–St. Paul for the start of the 1961 season and became the Minnesota Twins. The second new franchise was granted to an ownership group led by Gene Autry for a team in Los Angeles who named themselves the Angels. The two new teams each paid a fee of $2.1 million and became the 17th and 18th franchises in MLB.

The expansion was part of an initiative in response to the perceived threat of a proposed third major league, the Continental League. In 1962, the National League (NL) also added two new teams, the Houston Colt .45s (later named the Astros) and the New York Mets.

2013 American League Wild Card tie-breaker game

The 2013 American League Wild Card tie-breaker game was a one-game extension to Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2013 regular season, played between the Texas Rangers and Tampa Bay Rays to determine the second participant in the 2013 American League (AL) Wild Card Game. It was played at the Rangers Ballpark in Arlington on September 30, 2013. The Rays defeated the Rangers, 5–2, and advanced to the AL Wild Card Game against the Cleveland Indians at Progressive Field, which they won 4–0; the Rangers failed to qualify for the postseason.

The tie-breaker game was necessary after both teams finished the season with win–loss records of 91–71 and thus tied for the second Wild Card position in the AL. The Rangers were awarded home field for the game, as they won the regular season series against the Rays, 4–3. The game was televised on TBS. It was the fourth tie-breaker in MLB history for a Wild Card spot, although it was the first since MLB adopted its current format of two Wild Card teams playing in a Wild Card Game in 2012. The tie-breaker counted as the 163rd regular season game for both teams, with all events in the game added to regular season statistics.

Charlotte Sports Park

Charlotte Sports Park (formerly known as Charlotte County Stadium and Ranger Stadium) is a baseball stadium in Port Charlotte, Florida. The stadium is the home field for Tampa Bay Rays spring training operations, as well as its Class-A Florida State League Charlotte Stone Crabs and Rookie-class Gulf Coast Rays teams.

Originally built in 1987, the main stadium underwent a renovation that was completed in January 2009 at a cost of $27 million.Prior to the Rays, the stadium was once home of the Texas Rangers' minor league affiliate Charlotte Rangers, and has played host to college baseball tournaments and the South Coast League Charlotte County Redfish.

On February 3, 2010, the Rays announced a naming rights deal with The Mosaic Company. The agreement was reported to last through 2024, however due to a potential conflict-of-interest with Charlotte County—whom ultimately must approve the name change—the Rays asked for more time to study the proposal before giving it to the county commissioners for final approval. On February 17, due to intense opposition by both the Charlotte County Council and local residents, the Rays announced they were abandoning the deal with Mosaic and will potentially look at other companies in the future instead.In March 2014, Charlotte Sports Park was named the #1 spring training destination by the readers of USA Today and 10Best.The stadium has also been used by the local community for non-baseball events like concerts, festivals, and expos. It has hosted such musicians as Kenny Rogers, The Beach Boys, The Little River Band, and Simple Plan.

Don Werner

Donald Paul Werner (born March 8, 1953 in Appleton, Wisconsin) is a retired Major League Baseball catcher. He played during seven seasons at the major league level, playing for the Cincinnati Reds and Texas Rangers (baseball). In 1978, the Reds starting catcher, Johnny Bench, sat out 20 plus games with an injury which gave Don a starting role. On June 16 of the same year he caught the only no-hitter of Hall of Famer Tom Seaver's career. He was drafted by the Reds in the 5th round of the 1971 amateur draft. Werner played his first professional season with their Rookie League Gulf Coast Reds in 1971, and his last with Texas' Triple-A club, the Oklahoma RedHawks in 1988.

Early life of George W. Bush

George W. Bush (born 1946) was the oldest child in a family of six children was born in the city of New Haven, Connecticut, grew up in the Texan cities of Midland and Houston. He studied at Yale University and the Harvard Business School before serving in the Texas Air National Guard. Bush would later be part owner and managing partner of the Texas Rangers baseball franchise, become governor of Texas and eventually become the 43rd President of the United States. His father died on November 30, 2018 due to a yet unknown cause.

Eric Nadel

Eric Nadel (born May 16, 1951) is a sports announcer on radio broadcasts for the Texas Rangers baseball organization. In 2014, he was honored with the Ford C. Frick Award for broadcasting excellence by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.

History of the Texas Rangers (baseball)

The History of the Texas Rangers started when the old Washington Senators team of the American League in Major League Baseball (MLB) left Washington, D.C. in 1960. A new expansion team was formed with the same name and stayed in the same town until its last season in 1971. The next year, the franchise renamed itself as the Texas Rangers and started its first season in Arlington, Texas, as part of the American League West Division, where it remains today.


KFLC (1270 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station licensed to Benbrook, Texas and broadcasting to the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. The station is owned by Univision Radio. KFLC airs a Spanish language sports radio format, primarily airing programming from the co-owned Univision Deportes Radio Network. It also carries play by play featuring Texas Rangers baseball, Dallas Mavericks basketball and FC Dallas soccer.

KFLC is a Class B regional station. By day it operates at 50,000 watts, the maximum power permitted for commercial AM radio stations. But at night, to protect other stations on AM 1270, it reduces power to 5,000 watts. It uses a directional antenna at all times. KFLC's transmitter is located off East Lancaster Avenue (Route 180) in Fort Worth. The station's studios are located along the John W. Carpenter Freeway in the Stemmons Corridor of Northwest Dallas. KFLC is licensed by iBiquity to broadcast a digital signal using the HD system.


KRLD (1080 kHz; NewsRadio 1080) is a commercial AM radio station owned and operated by Entercom. Licensed to Dallas, KRLD serves the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex and North Texas with a news/talk radio format. KRLD broadcasts all-news programming for most part of the weekdays and a few hours of weekend mornings. Weeknights, KRLD runs nationally syndicated talk shows including Dave Ramsey, Clark Howard, Texas Overnight with Charley Jones and America in The Morning. Weekends feature shows on money, home repair, real estate, travel, computers and fishing. Some weekend hours are paid brokered programming. Most hours begin with world and national news from CBS News Radio.

The station's studios are located along North Central Expressway in Uptown Dallas, and the transmitter site is near Saturn Road in Garland, Texas. KRLD broadcasts in the HD Radio format and can also be heard on KRLD-FM 105.3 HD2. KRLD is a Class A station broadcasting at 50,000 watts, the maximum power allowed for American AM stations. By day, KRLD uses a non-directional antenna and the station is audible with a good radio from Oklahoma City to Austin. At night, KRLD uses a directional antenna nulled slightly away from the northeast to avoid interfering with sister station WTIC Hartford, the other Class A station on 1080 AM. KRLD's nighttime signal is heard over much of the central United States and parts of Mexico and even Guatemala.

Kenny Rogers' perfect game

On July 28, 1994, Kenny Rogers of the Texas Rangers pitched the 14th perfect game in Major League Baseball history, blanking the California Angels 4-0 at The Ballpark at Arlington. Needing 98 pitches to complete his masterpiece, Rogers struck out eight batters. He also survived three-ball counts to seven Angel hitters. The perfect game is, as of 2019, the most recent no-hitter in Ranger history.

Rogers said he did not think about the perfect game until the ninth inning—and the bid was almost broken up one batter in. Rookie center fielder Rusty Greer preserved the bid by making a diving catch of Rex Hudler's sinking line drive to right-center leading off the inning. Greer also caught Gary DiSarcina's fly ball for the game's final out.

Offensively for the Rangers, Jose Canseco hit two home runs. One of them came in the third inning and was on the front end of back-to-back homers with Iván Rodríguez, Rogers' catcher.

The perfect game came three years to the day after Dennis Martínez's perfect game, the last perfect game prior to this one, and made Rogers the third left-hander to pitch a perfect game, joining Sandy Koufax in 1965 and Tom Browning in 1988. It also came 10 years after the Angels' Mike Witt pitched his perfect game against the Rangers, that game taking place in The Ballpark's predecessor, Arlington Stadium. As of 2017, the Angels and Rangers are the only two teams to record perfect games against each other.

The home plate umpire was minor league fill-in Ed Bean, who was working in his 29th Major League game and seventh as home plate umpire. Bean worked only seven more Major League games.

Mike Shropshire

Mike Shropshire (born May 22, 1942), is an American sportswriter who has written for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, The Dallas Morning News, Playboy, and Sports Illustrated. He has also authored several books, including Seasons in Hell, an account of his tenure writing about the Texas Rangers baseball franchise during its early years.

Mike Witt's perfect game

On September 30, 1984, Mike Witt of the California Angels threw a perfect game against the Texas Rangers at Arlington Stadium. It was the 11th perfect game in Major League Baseball history.Witt's perfect game came on the last day of the 1984 MLB season. As the Angels and Rangers had both been eliminated from the playoffs, only 8,375 fans attended the game. Witt was opposed by Charlie Hough of the Rangers, who allowed only one run to the Angels.Reggie Jackson, whose seventh-inning fielder's choice ground ball scored Doug DeCinces for the game's only run, was also on the winning end of Catfish Hunter's perfect game while with the Oakland Athletics in 1968, becoming the first player to play for the winning team in two perfect games.

Witt also struck out 10 batters during the game. With the win, the Angels finished .500, which they had not done since the 1982 season. Two years later, they would reach the ALCS but lose. The Rangers would have to wait ten years for their perfect game, which they did fittingly enough against the Angels. That game took place in Arlington Stadium's successor, The Ballpark in Arlington.

Professional life of George W. Bush

This article covers the professional life of George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States. Prior to his election as President in 2000, Bush held numerous other positions, including being an oil executive, an owner of the Texas Rangers baseball team, and Governor of Texas. (Also see Governorship of George W. Bush.)

Steve Buechele

Steven Bernard Buechele (born September 26, 1961) is a former Major League Baseball third baseman, coach, and current front office executive for the Texas Rangers. Buechele played from 1985 to 1995 for the Texas Rangers, Pittsburgh Pirates, and Chicago Cubs. He joined the Rangers in 1985 after he was named the Tom Grieve Minor League Player of the Year. He was traded from the Rangers to the Pirates in 1991 following the emergence of Dean Palmer. He returned to the Rangers for an eighth season in 1995.

Ten Cent Beer Night

Ten Cent Beer Night was a promotion held by Major League Baseball's Cleveland Indians during a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland Stadium on Tuesday, June 4, 1974.

The idea behind the promotion was to attract more fans to the game by offering 12 fluid ounce (355 ml) cups of 3.2% beer for just 10 cents each, a substantial discount on the regular price of 65 cents, with a limit of six beers per purchase but with no limit on the number of purchases made during the game. During the game, fans became heavily intoxicated, culminating in a riot in the ninth inning which caused the game to be forfeited due to the crowd's uncontrollable rowdiness and because the game could not be resumed in a timely manner.

Texas Rangers

Texas Rangers may refer to:

Texas Rangers (baseball), a Major League Baseball team

Texas Rangers (architects), a group of architects at the University of Texas at Austin

Texas Ranger Division of the Texas Department of Public Safety

Terry's Texas Rangers, the popular name of the 8th Texas Cavalry

Terry's Texas Rangers, a modern regiment in the Texas State Guard

Texas Rangers (film), a 2001 film directed by Steve Miner

The Texas Ranger (magazine), published at the University of Texas at Austin from 1923 to 1972

The Texas Rangers (1936 film), a 1936 film directed by King Vidor

The Texas Rangers (1951 film), a 1951 Western, directed by Phil Karlson

The Texas Ranger, a 1931 film

Leucophyllum frutescens, an evergreen shrub sometimes referred to as "Texas Ranger"

Texas Rangers award winners and league leaders

This article does not include the franchise's first eleven years (1961–1971), as the Washington Senators.This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Texas Rangers baseball team.

Tom Schieffer

John Thomas Schieffer (born October 4, 1947) is an American diplomat and entrepreneur who served as U.S. Ambassador to Australia from 2001 to 2005 and as U.S. Ambassador to Japan from 2005 to 2009.

Schieffer is the founder and President of Envoy International, a consulting firm that provides a wide range of services to clients with international interest. Schieffer is also a keynote speaker on international issues, trade, the global economy, leadership, and organizational management.

Schieffer is a friend and former business partner of President George W. Bush. He is the younger brother of Bob Schieffer, a former CBS News reporter and host of Face the Nation. Schieffer and his wife, Susanne, reside in Fort Worth, Texas.

Texas Rangers
Culture and lore
Key personnel
Wild card berths (1)
American League
West Division titles (7)
American League
championships (2)
Minor league affiliates

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