Termera

Termera (Ancient Greek: Τερμερα or τὰ Τέρμερα), also known as Termerum or Termeron (Τερμερον), was a maritime town of ancient Caria on the south coast of the peninsula of Halicarnassus, near Cape Termerium.[1][2][3] Stephanus of Byzantium erroneously assigns the town to Lycia.[4] It was a polis (city-state) and a member of the Delian League.[5] Under the Romans this Dorian town was a free city. According to the Suda the place gave rise to the proverbial expression Τερμέρια κακά, it being used as a prison by the rulers of Caria.[6] In Greek mythology, it was founded by Termerus, after whom it was named.

Its site is located near Asarlık, Asiatic Turkey.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ Herodotus. Histories. 5.37.
  2. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiv. p.657. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  3. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.29.
  4. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v. τὰ Τέρμερα.
  5. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Karia". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1134–1135. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  6. ^ Suda, s.v.
  7. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 61, and directory notes accompanying.
  8. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Termera". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 36°59′45″N 27°17′54″E / 36.995872°N 27.298363°E

Ariassus

Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).

Caloe

Caloe was a town in the Roman province of Asia. It is mentioned as Kaloe or Keloue in 3rd-century inscriptions, as Kalose in Hierocles's Synecdemos (660), and as Kalloe, Kaloe, and Kolone in Parthey's Notitiæ episcopatuum, in which it figures from the 6th to the 12fth or 13th century.

Cestrus

Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.

Cotenna

Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.

Docimium

Docimium, Docimia or Docimeium (Greek: Δοκίμια and Δοκίμειον) was an ancient city of Phrygia, Asia Minor where there were famous marble quarries.

Drizipara

Drizipara (or Druzipara, Drousipara. Drusipara) now Karıştıran (Büyükkarıştıran) in Lüleburgaz district was a city and a residential episcopal see in the Roman province of Europa in the civil diocese of Thrace. It is now a titular see of the Catholic Church.

Hisarlik

Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for an ancient city in modern day located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale. The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and about the same distance from the Dardanelles. The archaeological site of Hisarlik is known in archaeological circles as a tell. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob.

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Kymnissa

Kymnissa was a town of ancient Caria, near Termera. The name does not occur in ancient authors but is derived from epigraphic evidence.Its site is located near Akçe Köy, Asiatic Turkey.

List of Greek place names

This is a list of Greek place names as they exist in the Greek language.

Places involved in the history of Greek culture, including:

Historic Greek regions, including:

Ancient Greece, including colonies and contacted peoples

Hellenistic world, including successor states and contacted peoples

Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire, including successor states

Ottoman Empire, including successor states

Septinsular Republic

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Places of concern to Greek culture, religion or tradition, including:

Greek mythology

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Greek Muslims, and those outside Greece who are Greek-speaking or ethnic Greek

Places whose official names include a Greek form.

Places whose names originate from the Greek language, even if they were never involved in Greek history or culture.Αlthough this list includes toponyms from Roman times, this list does not include later wholly Latin-derived names that have (nor had) no Greek linguistic involvement, involvement with the Greek world, nor significant Greek-speaking communities. (A notable exception may be places such as Australia, which has one of the largest modern Greek-speaking communities outside Greece and Cyprus.) However, much of the Roman Empire did have significant Greek-speaking communities, as Greek had been a popular language among the Roman elite from the beginning.

Both koine and modern forms and transliterations (including polytonic spellings) are listed if available. This list is incomplete, and some items in the list lack academic detail.

As a historical linguistics article, this list is an academic lexicon for the history of Greek place names, and is not a formal dictionary nor gazetteer and should not be relied upon as such.

Indeed, many toponyms in Modern Greek now have different names than were used in by Greek-speaking communities in the past. An example is Malta, which was called Μελίτη (Melítē) and was once home to a Greek-speaking community. However, this community is gone or assimilated, and the common Modern Greek name is Μάλτα (Málta, from Maltese).

However, in other cases, Modern Greek has retained archaic names (sometimes with grammatical modifications).

Distinctly Greek names are also largely retained for places without significant modern Greek populations that had a larger Greek-speaking presence until relatively recent times in history, including many areas in what are now Turkey, Egypt, Russia and Ukraine.

Lycian language

The Lycian language (𐊗𐊕𐊐𐊎𐊆𐊍𐊆 Trm̃mili) was the language of the ancient Lycians of the region known as Lycia in Anatolia (present day Turkey), during the Iron Age. Today it is a dead language, having been replaced by the Ancient Greek language during the Hellenization of Anatolia.

Lyrbe

Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia; Ancient Greek: Λύρβη) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.

Renato Salvatori

Renato Salvatori (20 March 1933 – 27 March 1988) was an Italian multi-purpose character actor.

Sanaa (insect)

Sanaa is a genus of bush-crickets found in India, Indo-China and Malesia. It belongs to the tribe Cymatomerini within the subfamily Pseudophyllinae. It may be confused with the genus Parasanaa, which has a similar distribution in Asia.

Sanaa imperialis

Sanaa imperialis is a species of bush cricket (or katydid) found in the tropical forests of South and Southeast Asia. It was described originally by Adam White from a specimen obtained from Sylhet in Bangladesh. The description was published in 1846 and it was given the name Locusta imperialis. It was moved into the genus Sanaa by Francis Walker in 1870.

Sanaa regalis

Sanaa regalis is a species of insect in the bush-cricket or katydid family, Tettigoniidae, found in the Himalayas. It was first described in 1895 by Carl Brunner von Wattenwyl, as Termera regalis.

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Termerus

In Greek mythology, Termerus (Ancient Greek: Τέρμερος) was a bandit who was killed by Heracles. The episode is referenced in Plutarch's Life of Theseus, in description of Theseus' method of slaying his assailants by returning "the same sort of violence that they offered to him," as Heracles killed Termerus by “breaking his skull in pieces (whence, they say, comes the proverb of 'a Termerian mischief'), for it seems Termerus killed passengers that he met by running with his head against them.” According to Stephanus of Byzantium, Termerus was the eponym of the city Termera in Lycia. A scholiast on Euripides relates that Termera was founded by Termerus and took its name after him. The same source informs that Termerus and Lycus, two Lelegians "of beastly nature", were said to be notorious robbers that raided Caria and also sailed as far as the island Kos for the same purpose; the saying "Termerian mischief" was accordingly inspired by their deeds.According to the dictionary Suda, however, the proverbial expression "Termerian mischief" was due to a fortified dungeon located in Caria near Mount Termerion lying between Myndus and Halicarnassus.

Tyana

Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

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