Terence James Cooke (March 1, 1921 – October 6, 1983) was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of New York from 1968 until his death. He was named a cardinal in 1969.
Terence James Cooke
|Cardinal, Archbishop of New York|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||March 2, 1968|
|Installed||April 4, 1968|
|Term ended||October 6, 1983|
|Successor||John Joseph O'Connor|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo|
Vicar Apostolic for the United States Armed Forces
|Ordination||December 1, 1945|
by Francis Spellman
|Consecration||December 13, 1965|
by Francis Spellman
|Created cardinal||April 28, 1969|
by Pope Paul VI
|Born||March 1, 1921|
Manhattan, New York City, New York,
|Died||October 6, 1983 (aged 62)|
Manhattan, New York City, New York,
|Buried||St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York|
|Parents||Michael Cooke & Margaret Gannon|
|Motto||Fiat Voluntas Tua|
(Thy Will Be Done)
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Title as Saint||Servant of God|
Ordination history of
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
The youngest of three children, Terence Cooke was born in New York City to Michael and Margaret (née Gannon) Cooke. His parents were both from County Galway, Ireland, and named their son after Terence MacSwiney, the Lord Mayor of Cork who died on a hunger strike during the Irish War of Independence. Michael Cooke worked as a chauffeur and construction worker. At age five, Terence and his family moved from Morningside Heights, Manhattan, to the northeast Bronx. Following his mother's death in 1930, his aunt Mary Gannon helped raise him and his siblings.
Cooke was ordained a priest by Archbishop Francis Spellman on December 1, 1945. Cooke then served as chaplain for St. Agatha's Home for Children until 1947, when he moved to Washington, D.C., to pursue graduate studies at The Catholic University of America. He obtained a Master of Social Work degree in 1949.
When he returned to New York, Cooke was assigned to serve as a curate at St. Athanasius Parish in the Bronx, while also teaching at Fordham University's School of Social Service. In 1954 he was appointed Executive Director of the Youth Division of Catholic Charities and procurator of St. Joseph's Seminary. In 1957 he was appointed by Cardinal Spellman to be his secretary, a position he held until 1965. Cooke was named a Monsignor on August 13, 1957, and Vice-Chancellor for the Archdiocese in 1958, rising to full Chancellor in 1961.
On September 15, 1965, Pope Paul VI appointed Cooke as an Auxiliary Bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York and titular bishop of Summa. He received his episcopal consecration on the following December 13 from Cardinal Spellman at St. Patrick's Cathedral, with Archbishops Joseph Thomas McGucken and John Joseph Maguire serving as co-consecrators. Cooke selected as his episcopal motto: Fiat Voluntas Tua, meaning, "Thy Will Be Done" (Luke 1:38).
Cooke played a prominent role in arranging Pope Paul's visit to New York in October, and became Vicar General of the Archdiocese two days after his consecration, on December 15, 1965. He was diagnosed with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, a form of cancer, that year as well.
Following the death of Spellman in December 1967, Cooke was named the seventh Archbishop of New York on March 2, 1968.
Pope Paul's selection of Cooke came as a surprise; likely contenders for the post included Fulton J. Sheen, a television personality and Bishop of Rochester; and Archbishop Maguire, who had been Spellman's coadjutor but did not hold the right to succession. In addition to his duties in New York, Cooke was named Vicar Apostolic for the U.S. Military on April 4, and was installed in both positions at St. Patrick's Cathedral.
That same day, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, leading to a nationwide wave of riots in more than 100 cities. In response, Cooke went to Harlem to plead for racial peace and later attended King's funeral. After the death of Robert F. Kennedy, Cooke baptized Kennedy's youngest child, Rory Kennedy.
Cooke helped implement the reforms of the Second Vatican Council in the Archdiocese, and adopted a more collegial management style than his predecessor Spellman. Pope Paul VI created him Cardinal-Priest of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Rome (the traditional titular church of the New York archbishops starting in 1946) in the consistory of April 28, 1969. At the time of his elevation, he was the second-youngest member of the College of Cardinals after Alfred Bengsch, who was six months younger. Cooke was theologically conservative but progressive in secular matters.
During his tenure as archbishop, Cooke founded Birthright, which offers women alternatives to abortion; the Inner-City Scholarship Fund, which provides financial aid for Catholic-school students; an Archdiocesan Housing Development Program, providing housing to New York's disadvantaged; Catholic New York, the archdiocesan newspaper; and nine nursing homes. In 1974, he went to the Pontifical North American College in Rome, where he attended lectures on the Second Vatican Council given by his future successor Edward Egan.
Cooke was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the conclaves of August and October 1978, which selected Popes John Paul I and John Paul II, respectively. In 1979, Cooke separately hosted the Dalai Lama and Pope John Paul II at St. Patrick's Cathedral.
Cooke's leukemia, first diagnosed in 1965, was deemed terminal in 1975, and he was on almost constant chemotherapy for the last five years of his life. In late August 1983, he announced his illness to the public, saying that he was expected to live for a few more months but would not resign his post. In an open letter completed only days before his death, he wrote, "The gift of life, God's special gift, is no less beautiful when it is accompanied by illness or weakness, hunger or poverty, mental or physical handicaps, loneliness or old age."
Cooke was regarded as a holy person by many New Yorkers during his ministry as archbishop. Soon after his death in 1983, a movement emerged to canonize him as a saint. In 1984, with the support of Cooke's successor, Archbishop (and future cardinal) John Joseph O'Connor, the Cardinal Cooke Guild was established. In 1992, the Congregation for the Causes of Saints officially designated Cooke as a Servant of God, the first step in the canonization process that leads to beatification and then canonization as a saint. On April 14, 2010, the Guild and senior American clergy presented Pope Benedict XVI with the positio, the documentation of the cardinal's life, work and virtues. The document was then filed with the Congregation for Causes, to be examined by theologians. If the document is approved, Cardinal Cooke will receive the title of Venerable, the second step leading to sainthood.
The Reverend Benedict Groeschel, C.F.R., was the postulator for the cause while it was in its initial stages in New York. Since the process was accepted by the Holy See, Andrea Ambrosi, J.D., serves in that position.
On April 5, 1984, President Ronald Reagan posthumously awarded Cooke the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1988, he posthumously received the F. Sadlier Dinger Award from the publisher William H. Sadlier, Inc., for his contributions to religious education.
During his years as Archbishop, Cooke received honorary degrees from several Catholic colleges, including College of New Rochelle (1968), College of Mount Saint Vincent (1968), Boston College (1969), and Marymount Manhattan College (1978).
Several buildings in the Archdiocese of New York have been named in his honor, including Terence Cardinal Cooke Catholic Center (archdiocesan headquarters, in Manhattan); Terence Cardinal Cooke Health Care Center (Manhattan); Cooke School and Institute (special needs, Manhattan); Cardinal Cooke Residence (special needs, Bronx); Cardinal Cooke Residence (emergency shelter, Spring Valley); Cardinal Cooke Center (parish hall, Staten Island).
|Catholic Church titles|
| Titular Bishop of Summa
1965 – 1968
Daniel Liston, C.S.Sp
| Vicar Apostolic for the Military Services
1968 – 1983
John Joseph Thomas Ryan
| Archbishop of New York
1968 – 1983
John Joseph O'Connor
| Cardinal-Priest of Santi Giovanni e Paolo|
1969 – 1983
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Cooke is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Alan Cooke, British actor
Alexander Cooke (died 1614), English actor
Alfred Tyrone Cooke, of the Indo-Pakistani wars
Alistair Cooke KBE (1908–2004), journalist and broadcaster
Amos Starr Cooke (1810–1871), found of Royal School and Castle & Cooke in Hawaii
Anna Rice Cooke (1853–1934), patron of the arts and founder of the Honolulu Academy of Arts
Anthony Cooke (1505–1576), British scholar
Baden Cooke (born 1978), Australian cyclist
Barrie Cooke (born 1931), Irish painter
Bates Cooke, US Representative 1831–1833, and NY State Comptroller 1839–1841
Benjamin Cooke (1734–1793), British musician
Beryl Cooke (1906–2001), British actress
C. R. Cooke (Conrad Reginald Cooke, 1901–1996), English early Himalayan mountaineer
Charles Cooke (disambiguation), several people
Chauncey H. Cooke (1846–1919), American soldier in the U.S. Civil War
Christian Cooke (born 1986), English actor
Clarence Hyde Cooke (1876–1944), businessman in Hawaii
Dave Cooke, Canadian politician
Deryck Cooke (1919–1975), British musicologist
Doc Cook (Charles L. Cooke, 1891–1958), jazz bandleader
Doug Cooke, former NASA Associate Administrator
Edmund F. Cooke (1885–1967), US congressman from New York
Edward William Cooke (1811–1880), English maritime artist
Eric Edgar Cooke, murderer
Francis Cooke Passenger on the Mayflower
Francis Judd Cooke (1910–1995), American composer
Geoff Cooke (disambiguation), several people
George Cooke (disambiguation), several people
H. Basil S. Cooke (born 1915), Canadian paleontologist
Hope Cooke, Queen of Sikkim
Jack Kent Cooke (1912–1997), Canadian entrepreneur
Sir James Douglas Cooke (1879–1949), MP for Hammersmith South
James J. Cooke, American historian, author, academic and soldier
James W. Cooke, American naval officer
Janet Cooke (born 1954), American journalist, won a Pulitzer Prize for a fabricated story
Jay Cooke (1821–1905), American financier, notable for financing Union effort in Civil War and Northern Pacific Railway
Jennifer Cooke, actress
John Cooke (disambiguation), several people
Joseph Platt Cooke (1730–1816), in American Revolutionary War
Keith Cooke, actor
L. J. Cooke (Louis Joseph Cooke, 1868–1943), first men's basketball coach at the University of Minnesota
Lawrence H. Cooke (1914–2000), Chief Judge of New York Court of Appeals 1979–1984
Logan Cooke (born 1995), American football player
Martin Cooke (disambiguation), several people
Matt Cooke, hockey player
Mel Cooke (1934–2013), New Zealand rugby league footballer
Mordecai Cubitt Cooke (1825–1914), British botanist
Nathaniel Cooke (19th century), designer of the standard set of chess figures
Nicole Cooke (born 1983), British cyclist
Peter Cooke (Scouting)
Philip St. George Cooke (1809–1895), 19th century US cavalry officer
Pinny Cooke (1923–2004), New York politician, assemblywoman from Rochester
Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon, New Zealand judge
Rose Terry Cooke (1827–1892), American author, poet
Sam Cooke (1931–1964), American singer/songwriter
Sir Samuel Cooke (1912–1978), British judge
Samuel Nathaniel Cooke (S. N. Cooke) (born 1883), English architect
Sasha Cooke, American mezzo-soprano
Sidney Cooke (born 1927), paedophile and child killer
Steve Cooke (born 1970), baseball player
Terence Cooke (1921–1983), Cardinal, and Archbishop of New York
Thomas Cooke (disambiguation), several people
Walter E. Cooke (1910–1982), New York politician
Walter H. Cooke (1838–1909), American recipient of the Medal of Honor
Weldon B. Cooke (1884–1914), American pioneer aviator killed in crash
Wells Cooke (1858–1916), American ornithologist
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|Consecrated by||Francis Spellman|
|Date||December 13, 1965|
|Martin Joseph Neylon, S.J.||February 2, 1970|
|Patrick Vincent Ahern||March 19, 1970|
|Edward Dennis Head||March 19, 1970|
|James Patrick Mahoney||September 15, 1972|
|Anthony Francis Mestice||March 5, 1973|
|James Jerome Killeen||December 13, 1975|
|Howard James Hubbard||March 27, 1977|
|Theodore Edgar McCarrick||June 29, 1977|
|Austin Bernard Vaughan||June 29, 1977|
|Francisco Garmendia||June 29, 1977|
|Joseph Thomas O'Keefe||September 8, 1982|
|Emerson John Moore||September 8, 1982|
|Joseph Thomas Dimino||May 10, 1983|
|Francis Xavier Roque||May 10, 1983|
|Lawrence Joyce Kenney||May 10, 1983|