Tenné

In heraldry, tenné (/ˈtɛni/;[1][2] sometimes termed tenny[1] or tawny) is a "stain", or non-standard tincture, of orange (in English blazonry), light brown (in French heraldry) or orange-tawny (in continental heraldry) colour.[3]

Tenné, however, is not to be confused with Brunâtre ("brownish") of French and German blazons.

Heraldic Shield Tenné
Heraldic Shield Brunâtre

Tenné is used for the depiction of leather color, while the much darker Brunâtre is used for the depiction of bear hide colour.

Tenné
 
ClassStain
Non-heraldic equivalentOrange, brown, orange-tawny colour
Monochromatic designations
Hatching pattern 
Tricking abbr.Oroszlán állatjegy.jpg
Poetic designations
Heavenly bodyDragon's Head
JewelJacinth

Etymology

In the Oxford English Dictionary, tenné is described as "orange-brown, as a stain used in blazoning", and as a mid-16th-century variant of Old French tané.[1][2] The origin of both tenné and tawny is the Medieval Latin word tannare, meaning "to tan leather".[4] As such, in French (and most of continental) heraldry, tenné is the light-brownish colour that leather is supposed to have once tanned. Used primarily for depicting wood and skin in proper charges, it then slowly became its own tincture.

Hatchings

Perhaps as a symptom of the theoretical nature of heraldic stains, the hatchings assigned to these have been inconsistent among sources. The hatching for tenné has been given variously as a combination of vertical lines (as gules) and dexter to sinister lines (as vert),[5] or as a combination of horizontal lines (as azure) and sinister to dexter lines (as purpure),[6] (and other combinations may be found in other sources) though both these sources provide the same hatching of alternating vertical dots and dashes for "orange".[7]

Complete Guide to Heraldry Fig036
Fig. 36 from Fox-Davies, Complete Guide to Heraldry (1909): Extended hatching scheme used in continental heraldry. a, Tenné; b, blood-red or Sanguine; c, Brunâtre; d, Murrey ; e, water-colour or Céleste ; f, flesh-colour or Carnation; g, ashen-grey or Cendree ; h, orange; and i, colour of nature.

In theory and in practice

While tenné is frequently mentioned in books about heraldry, it is not among the basic heraldic colours and its appearance in practice is quite rare. Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, in his Complete Guide to Heraldry, asserted that both tenné and murrey were probably inventions of the theoretical (though never shown in actual practice) system of abatements, further commenting that he knew of only one instance of tenné to date (as of 1909), and that was in an estate livery rather than coat armory.[8] The Oxford Guide to Heraldry cites a late-14th century English treatise as stating that in addition to the two metals and five colours, a colour called tawny was "borne only in the Empire and France," the Oxford Guide also citing Gerard Leigh's The Accendance of Armory (1562) as rejecting tenné or tawny as non-existent and sanguine or murrey as mistaken purpure.[9]

In Britain

Coat of arms of West Yorkshire County Council
Coat of arms of West Yorkshire, supported by a lion per fess gules and sable (dexter) and a lion per fess tenne and vert (sinister), with a lion per fess gules and tenne in crest

Despite its role in the system of theoretical abatements of honour introduced in the 16th century,[10] tenné is quite rare in British armory, appearing only occasionally in liveries and never as a colour upon the escutcheon. The Oxford Guide to Heraldry notes that the "stains" (tenné, murrey and sanguine) "occur occasionally in the twentieth century but have never been spotted in a Visitation record."[11] Fox-Davies named the estate livery of Lord Fitzhardinge, worn by the lord's hunt servants, as the only known occurrence of "orange-tawny" in British armory.[12] To this, Woodward was able to add the standards of both the Earl of Derby, bearing the Stanley crest upon a field of tawny and vert, and the Earl of Northumberland, bearing "four horizontal bands, the upper being russet, the two central ones yellow, and the lowest tawny."[13] The Coat of arms of West Yorkshire (1975–1986) was supported on the sinister side by a lion per fess tenne and vert, with a lion per fess gules and tenne in crest.[14]

According to the Heraldry Society of Scotland, the team colours of the Dundee United Football Club should be called "tenny and argent".[15] Dundee United calls the colours tangerine and white, and the team is referred to as "the tangerines."[16]

In continental Europe

According to the Oxford Guide to Heraldry, a late-14th century English treatise on heraldry stated that a colour called tawny was "borne only in the Empire and France."[9] Fox-Davies suggested that orange, as it appears in German heraldry, may be a different colour than tenné, noting that a different hatching is associated with German orange than that of British tenné.[17] German heraldic author Ottfried Neubecker also noted a distinction between orange and brown or tenné, showing the usual hatching for tenné but a distinctive hatching of alternating vertical dots and dashes for orange.[18] Orangé, tanné and tenné appear in the civic arms of several communes in the Department of Oise in France.[19]

In French heraldry, tanné (same as tenné) is traditionally a light brown. It is to be a light brown color, bright enough to be distinguished from the darkest heraldic colour, sable (black), as well as the darker brown color brunâtre, used for bear hide fur. It should also be a distinctive brown, and be clearly different than both flesh-color carnation and orangé, used per example as the field color for the arms of the French commune of Lamorlaye. Tenné takes its name from the colour of tanned leather[20], and occurs in the field of the arms of a few French communes, includig Maruéjols-lès-Gardon.[21] Tanné colour also occurs in the dexter chief quarter of the arms of La Neuville-Roy, where it notably replaces azure as the field for a semy of fleurs-de-lys very reminiscent of the ancient arms of France.

In English heraldry, all these colours are sometimes—yet mistakenly—confused as tenné.

Blason de la ville de Maruéjols-lès-Gardon (30)

Arms of the French city of Maruéjols-lès-Gardon, bearing a field tenné

Blason la neuville roy

Arms of the French commune of La Neuville-Roy, bearing a field tanné in the dexter chief quarter.

Blason Lamorlaye

Arms of Lamorlaye, a city in French Oise, bearing a field orangé

In Australia

Coat of arms of the Northern Territory
Coat of arms of the Northern Territory

Granted in 1978, the Coat of arms of the Northern Territory has a tenny field, with a design inspired by Aboriginal paintings.[22]

In South Africa

South Africa Shield 1910-1928
1910 arms of South Africa

Orange is a common colour in South African heraldry, because of the history of South Africa as a Dutch colony, and the fact that royal house of the Netherlands is the House of Orange. The Dutch Prince's Flag was an orange white and blue tricolour, and this was the basis of the flags of the Orange Free State (1857-1902) and the Union of South Africa (1928-1994).

In the United States

1 Sig Bn DUI
Arms of the 1st Signal Battalion: Per bend argent and tenné[23]

Tenné (so blazoned) is found in the arms and colours of some U.S. military units, particularly in the Signal Corps, where the colour is shown as a bright shade of orange, and the Cavalry, where tenné is sometimes called "dragoon yellow".

The coat of arms of the 1st Signal Battalion, designed in 1932 by the U.S. Army Heraldic Program Office (since 1960 called the Institute of Heraldry) is per bend argent and tenné, since orange and white are the traditional colours of the Signal Corps.[23] These colours are repeated in the arms of virtually every battalion in the Signal Corps.[24]

The 1st Cavalry Regiment (also known as the 1st Regiment of Dragoons) was assigned a coat of arms by the Heraldic Program Office in 1921 featuring a gold dragon on a field of tenné. The 1st Cavalry was founded as the Regiment of United States Dragoons in 1833, and at the time the dragoon units wore a cord of tenné (which they called "dragoon yellow") and Or (gold). These are also the colours of the torse in the coat of arms of the unit.[25]

In popular culture

The Star Trek Star Fleet Technical Manual describes the official tunic color of Star Fleet Command Section standard issue uniforms, such as those worn by James Kirk and Hikaru Sulu, as "tenne."[26] These are the tunics depicted on the actual show as yellow-gold fabric. Separate from this, officers of Captain's rank or higher may optionally wear tunics and dress uniforms greenish in hue; the Manual specifies this color as "olive."[27]

Examples

HerbSzrafirunekBrunatny

Tenné with hatching

Heráldica - leonado

Continental (left) and English (right) tenné

Heráldica - anaranjado

Orange with hatching

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Tenné". Oxford US English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2015-10-06.
  2. ^ a b "Tenné". Oxford British & World English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2013-04-29.
  3. ^ Fox-Davies, on p. 72, uses orange and tenné synonymously and in the next sentence defines tenné as "an orange-tawny colour." Leigh, as quoted by Woodcock & Robinson, on p. 52, defines tenne as "orenge colour"[sic]. Neubecker, on p. 86, on the other hand, equates tenné with brown, as distinct from orange.
  4. ^ "Tan". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2013-04-29.
  5. ^ Neubecker, p. 86.
  6. ^ Fox-Davies, p. 76.
  7. ^ Confer both previous citations (Neubecker, p. 86 and Fox-Davies, p. 76).
  8. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles; Graham Johnston (2004) [1909]. A Complete Guide to Heraldry. Kessinger Publishing. pp. 72–73. ISBN 1-4179-0630-8.
  9. ^ a b Woodcock, Thomas; Robinson, John Martin (1988). The Oxford Guide to Heraldry. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-19-211658-4.
  10. ^ Woodcock & Robinson, p. 68.
  11. ^ Woodcock & Robinson, p. 53.
  12. ^ Fox-Davies, p. 73.
  13. ^ Woodward, John (1896). A Treatise on Heraldry, British and Foreign. Edinburgh and London: W. & A. K. Johnston. pp. 185, 305.
  14. ^ "West Yorkshire County Council". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 2013-1-05-10. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ Dennis, M. D. (1999). Scottish heraldry: an invitation. Edinburgh: Heraldry Society of Scotland. p. 23.
  16. ^ "History - 50s & 60s". www.dundeeunitedfc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-04-30. Dundee United states the colour was borrowed from an American team called Dallas Tornado in the 1960s.
  17. ^ Fox-Davies, p. 74.
  18. ^ Neubecker, Ottfried (1976). Heraldry: Sources, Symbols and Meaning. Maidenhead, England: McGraw-Hill. p. 86. ISBN 0-07-046308-5.
    NB: The same hatching Neubecker gave for "orange" was repeated in Fox-Davies, p. 76, as the hatching for German "orange".
  19. ^ Specifically, the arms of Lamorlaye have a field tinctured orangé (in French), the arms of Margny-lès-Compiègne have a divided field which is partly tinctured orangé as well as a charge in chief which is also orangé, and the arms of La Neuville-Roy has a quarter tinctured tanné (in French); all of these are communes in the Department of Oise; see them listed at Armorial of the Communes of Oise-3 (I-P).
  20. ^ Joubert, Pierre, Nouveau guide de l'héraldique (1984), Rennes, Ouest-France.
  21. ^ Le Grand Robert de la Langue Française, (2001).
  22. ^ Northern Territory Flags & Emblems, About Australia, Retrieved 3 October 2015
  23. ^ a b "1st Signal Battalion". The Institute of Heraldry. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  24. ^ For a full listing of the arms of each unit in the U.S. Army Signal Corps, see The Institute of Heraldry: Categories>Signal.
  25. ^ "1st Cavalry Regiment". The Institute of Heraldry. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  26. ^ "Star Fleet Technical Order – Duty Uniform – Male". Retrieved 2015-06-25.
  27. ^ "Memory Alpha - Starfleet Dress Uniforms (late 2260s)". Retrieved 2015-06-25.
38th Signal Battalion

The 38th Signal Battalion is a unit of the United States Army. It was last active from 17 January 1986 to 15 June 1991.

Abatement (heraldry)

An abatement (or rebatement) is a modification of a coat of arms, representing a less-than honorable augmentation, imposed by an heraldic authority (such as the Court of Chivalry in England) or by royal decree for misconduct. The practice of inverting the entire escutcheon of an armiger found guilty of high treason has been attested since the Middle Ages and is generally accepted as reliable, and medieval heraldic sources cite at least one instance of removing an honourable charge from a coat of arms by royal decree as an abatement of honour. Other abatements of honour implied by the addition of dishonourable stains and charges, appearing in late 16th-century texts, have never been reliably attested in actual practice. Additionally, as many heraldic writers note, the use of arms is not compulsory, so armigers are more likely to relinquish a dishonored coat of arms than to advertise their dishonor.

Armorial of the Communes of Oise (I–P)

This page lists the armoury (emblazons=graphics and blazons=heraldic descriptions; or coats of arms) of the communes from I-P in Oise (department 60)

Other pages:

Armorial of the Communes of Oise (A–C)

Armorial of the Communes of Oise (D–H)

Armorial of the Communes of Oise (I–P)

Armorial of the Communes of Oise (Q–Z)

Bedesbach

Bedesbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Kusel-Altenglan, whose seat is in Kusel. Bedesbach is also a state-recognized tourist resort.

Coat of arms of Bucharest

The coat of arms of Bucharest is the heraldic symbol of the capital city of Romania. The present-day coat of arms was adopted by Domnitor (Ruling Prince) Alexandru Ioan Cuza, and changed under the Communist regime. In 1994, it was renewed again with minor alterations.

Coat of arms of the Northern Territory

The coat of arms of the Northern Territory is the official heraldic symbol representing the Australian territory. They were officially granted by royal warrant of Queen Elizabeth II on 11 September 1978. The arms, uniquely in Australia, incorporate all of the territory's floral, animal and bird emblems: the Sturt's desert rose (Gossypium sturtianum), red kangaroo (Megaleia rufa) and wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax).

Unlike other Australian states' arms, the Northern Territory's arms incorporate many reflections of the indigenous Australian culture and history: the shield itself is a representation of an Aboriginal painting and the crest shows the wedge-tailed eagle on top of a tjurunga, an Aboriginal ritual stone.

Flags and symbols of Yorkshire

Flags and symbols of Yorkshire have been used to identify Yorkshire and its related councils through flags and symbols (including coats of arms). This article also includes flags and symbols used by the present and former local authorities covering Yorkshire.

Gore (heraldry)

In heraldry a gore is a charge formed by two inwardly curved lines starting from the dexter chief (for the view, the upper left) corner and the middle base point and meeting in the fess point (lower center).

The same charge upon the sinister side of the shield (for the viewer, the right side) is called a gore sinister. A gore sinister tenné was considered to be an abatement of arms imposed upon the bearer for cowardice in the face of the enemy, though there is no record of its actual use.

List of flags by color

This is a list of flags by color. Each section below contains any flag that has any amount of the color listed for that section.

Monchy-sur-Eu

Monchy-sur-Eu is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.

Murrey

In heraldry, murrey is a "stain", i. e. a non-standard tincture, that is a dark reddish purple colour. It is most proximate in appearance to the heraldic tincture of purpure, but is distinct therefrom.

Orange (heraldry)

In heraldry, orange is a rarely used tincture except in Catalan, South African, French municipal and American Military heraldries. As a color, Orange should be used against metals in order not to contradict the rule of tincture. Orange is obviously different from Gules (red), but also (and especially) not to be confused with tenné (or tanné), which depicts the light-brownish color of tanned leather before slowly becoming a tincture of its own, along with carnation used for the depiction of white human skin.

Orange didn't receive a hatching pattern during medieval and renaissance times, and first was granted it's pattern in Arthur Charles Fox Davies' Complete guide to heraldry, where it was rightfully given the appropriate "semy of exclamation points" pattern consisting of a semé of vertical dashes (red) and dots (yellow).

A color used for orange in armorials should be, at first, rich and deep enough to clearly distinguish itself from both metals, Argent (white) and Or (yellow), but also from Gules (red), Tenné (light brown) and carnation (flesh-colour).

Seal of Tagum

The Seal of Tagum is one of the official symbols of the city of Tagum.

Stain (heraldry)

In heraldry, a stain (sometimes termed stainand colour or staynard colour) is one of a few non-standard tinctures or colours (namely murrey, sanguine and tenné), which are only known to occur in post-medieval heraldry and are thought to denote a rebatement of honour. Almost none of these rebatements are found in fact of heraldic practice, however, and in British heraldry the stains find only exceptional use, other than for purposes of livery.

Tan (color)

Tan is a pale tone of brown. The name is derived from tannum (oak bark) used in the tanning of leather.The first recorded use of tan as a color name in English was in the year 1590.

Colors which are similar or may be considered synonymous to tan include: tawny, tenné, and fulvous.

Tawny

Tawny may refer to:

Tawny (given name), a feminine given name

Tawny (color)

Tawny port, a fortified wine

Tawny, a 1954 record album by Jackie Gleason

Tawny, a townland in Kilcar, County Donegal, Ireland

Tawny (color)

Tawny (also called tenné) is a light brown to brownish-orange color.

Tincture (heraldry)

Tinctures constitute the limited palette of colours and patterns used in heraldry. The need to define, depict, and correctly blazon the various tinctures is one of the most important aspects of heraldic art and design.

Trestka coat of arms

Trestka is a Polish coat of arms. It was used by several szlachta families in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Metals
Colours
Furs
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See also:
Canting
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