Tenja concentration camp
The Tenja concentration camp (Croatian: Tenja koncentracioni logor) was one of 26 concentration camps established in the Independent State of Croatia during World War II. It was located close to village of Tenja near Osijek and operated by Ustaše.
Similar to Terezin camp, the Tenja camp was not concentration camp in its ordinary meaning of the word because it was planned to become small settlement inhabited and governed by Jews. The decision to establish this concentration camp was made in January 1942 by Grand Župan of Baranja, Stjepan Heffer, the military and police headquarters of Baranja and city government who all planned deportation of Osijek Jews to Tenja as the final solution of Jewish question in Osijek and its surroundings.
The building of the settlement was completed in April 1942 with funds collected by Jewish municipality of Osijek Jewish Community. The camp included a building of the former envelope factory Mursa Mill used to accommodate very old and ill inmates.
Around 3,000 Jewish inmates were deported from Tenje to Auschwitz and Jasenovac. The first departure of 1,700 inmates was organized on 14 August 1942, second on 18 August and remaining inmates were deported at the end of August, some of them first to Lobor concentration camp and then to Auschwitz.
The Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia
- Zlata Živaković-Kerže, (Hrvatski institut za povijest – Podružnica za povijest Slavonije, Srijema i Baranje, Slavonski Brod) OD ŽIDOVSKOG NASELJA U TENJI DO SABIRNOG LOGORA
The Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia refers primarily to the genocide of Jews, but sometimes also include that of Serbs (the "Genocide of the Serbs") and Romani (Porajmos), during World War II within the Independent State of Croatia, a fascist puppet state ruled by the Ustashe regime, that included most of the territory of modern-day Croatia, the whole of modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina and the eastern part of Syrmia (Serbia). 90% of Croatian Jews were exterminated in Ustashe-run concentration camps like Jasenovac and others, while a considerable number of Jews were rounded up and turned over by the Ustashe for extermination in Nazi Germany.
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