Tempe, Arizona

Tempe (/tɛmˈpiː/ tem-PEE';[4] Oidbaḍ in O'odham), also known as Hayden's Ferry during the territorial times of Arizona, is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, with the Census Bureau reporting a 2017 population of 185,038.[3] The city is named after the Vale of Tempe in Greece. Tempe is located in the East Valley section of metropolitan Phoenix; it is bordered by Phoenix and Guadalupe on the west, Scottsdale and the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler on the south, and Mesa on the east. Tempe is also the location of the main campus of Arizona State University.

Tempe

O'odham: Oidbaḍ
City of Tempe
Tempeskyline3
Flag of Tempe

Flag
Location of Tempe in Maricopa County, Arizona.
Location of Tempe in Maricopa County, Arizona.
Tempe is located in the United States
Tempe
Tempe
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°24′46″N 111°56′35″W / 33.41278°N 111.94306°WCoordinates: 33°24′46″N 111°56′35″W / 33.41278°N 111.94306°W
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
IncorporatedOctober 15, 1892
Government
 • MayorMark Mitchell (D)
Area
 • City40.23 sq mi (104.18 km2)
 • Land39.97 sq mi (103.51 km2)
 • Water0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
Elevation
1,140–1,495 ft (347.47 – 455.68 m)
Population
 • City161,719
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
185,038
 • RankUS: 133rd
 • Density4,566.33/sq mi (1,763.08/km2)
 • Metro
4,574,531 (US: 12th)
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85281, 85282, 85283, 85284, 85285, 85287
Area codes480 and 602
FIPS code04-73000
Websitewww.tempe.gov

History

Tempe, Arizona c1870
Tempe between 1870 and 1880.

The Hohokam lived in this area and built canals to support their agriculture. They abandoned their settlements during the 15th century, with a few individuals and families remaining nearby.

Fort McDowell was established approximately 25 mi (40 km) northeast of present downtown Tempe on the upper Salt River in 1865 allowing for new towns to be built farther down the Salt River. US military service members and Hispanic workers were hired to grow food and animal feed to supply the fort, and less than a year later, had set up small camps near the river that were the first permanent communities in the Valley after the fall of the Hohokam. (Phoenix was settled shortly afterward, by 1867–68.) The two settlements were 'Hayden's Ferry', named after a ferry service operated by Charles T. Hayden, and 'San Pablo', and were located west and east of Hayden Butte respectively. The ferry became the key river crossing in the area. The Tempe Irrigating Canal Company was soon established by William Kirkland and James McKinney to provide water for alfalfa, wheat, barley, oats, and cotton.

Pioneer Darrell Duppa is credited with suggesting Tempe's name, adopted in 1879, after comparing the Salt River valley near a 300-foot (91 m)-tall butte, to the Vale of Tempe near Mount Olympus in Greece.[5]

From its founding in 1871 until the early 1960s, Tempe was a sundown town where African Americans were permitted to work but encouraged to live elsewhere.[6]

In 1885, the 13th Arizona Territorial Legislature chose Tempe for the site of the Territorial Normal School, which became Arizona Normal School, Arizona State Teachers College, Arizona State College and finally Arizona State University.

The Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad, built in 1887, crossed the Salt River at Tempe, linking the town to the nation's growing transportation system. The Tempe Land and Improvement Company was formed to sell lots in the booming town. Tempe became an economic hub for the surrounding agricultural area. The city incorporated in 1894.

The completion of Roosevelt Dam in 1911 guaranteed enough water to meet the growing needs of Valley farmers. On his way to dedicate the dam, former President Theodore Roosevelt applauded the accomplishments of the people of central Arizona and predicted that their towns would be prosperous cities in the future. Less than a year later, Arizona was admitted as the 48th state, and the Salt River Valley continued to develop.

In the 20th and 21st centuries, Tempe has expanded as a suburb of Phoenix, and as a center of education and commerce.

Geography

Tempe is an inner suburb, located between the core city of Phoenix and the rest of the East Valley. Due to this as well as being the home of the main campus of Arizona State University, Tempe has a fairly dense, urbanized development pattern in the northern part of the city with a growing skyline. Going south, development becomes less dense, consisting of single-family homes, strip malls and lower-density office parks.

Within Tempe are the Tempe Buttes. The Salt River runs west through the northern part of Tempe; part of the river is dammed in two places to create Tempe Town Lake.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the landlocked city has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104 km2). The city of Tempe is bordered by Mesa to the east, Scottsdale and the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community to the north, Phoenix and Guadalupe to the west, and Chandler to the south. 40.1 square miles (104 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it is water. The total area is 0.32% water including Tempe Town Lake.

Tempe is generally flat, except for Hayden Butte (generally known as A-Mountain for Arizona State University's "A" logo located on its south face), located next to Sun Devil Stadium, Twin Buttes and Bell Butte on the western edge of Tempe, and Papago Park northwest of Tempe, inside Phoenix. Elevation ranges from 1,140 feet (350 m) at Tempe Town Lake to 1,495 feet (456 m) atop Hayden Butte.

Tempe cityscape from Tempe Town Lake
Tempe cityscape from Tempe Town Lake

Climate

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880135
1890897564.4%
1900885−1.3%
19101,47366.4%
19201,96333.3%
19302,49527.1%
19402,90616.5%
19507,684164.4%
196024,897224.0%
197063,550155.3%
1980106,91968.2%
1990141,86532.7%
2000158,94512.0%
2010161,7191.7%
Est. 2017185,038[3]14.4%
Downtowntempe2
Downtown Tempe from Hayden Butte.

As of the 2010 census, there were 161,719 people, 63,602 households, and 33,645 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,959.4 people per square mile (1,528.8/km²). There were 67,068 housing units at an average density of 1,674.1 per square mile (646.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.51% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 2.9% Native American, 5.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 8.49% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. 21.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 63,602 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 21.3% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,361, and the median income for a family was $55,237. Males had a median income of $36,406 versus $28,605 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,406. About 7.5% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Haydenferry
Hayden Ferry Lakeside development on the north end of Downtown Tempe

Tempe is the headquarters and executive office of one Fortune 500 company: Insight Enterprises. Limelight Networks,[8] LifeLock,[9] First Solar,[10][11] the Salt River Project, Circle K, Fulton Homes and Mobile Mini are also headquartered in Tempe. Cold Stone Creamery was originally headquartered in Tempe and location #0001 is still in operation today at 3330 S McClintock Drive in Tempe. Tempe is also home to the first and largest campus of Arizona State University. It was the longtime host of the Fiesta Bowl, although the BCS game moved to University of Phoenix Stadium, located in Glendale, in 2007. It then began hosting the Insight Bowl which is now known as the Cheez-It Bowl. As of 2018, there is no bowl game in Tempe because of renovations to Sun Devil Stadium. Edward Jones Investments and State Farm Insurance have regional headquarters in Tempe.[12]

Tempe houses several great performance venues including Gammage Auditorium and the Tempe Center for the Arts.

Tempe Town Lake is home to many national and international events, such as Ironman Arizona and Rock n Roll Marathon. Gammage Auditorium was also the site of one of the three Presidential debates in 2004, and Super Bowl XXX was played at Sun Devil Stadium. Additionally, Tempe is the spring training host city of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.

One of Arizona's largest shopping malls, Arizona Mills, sits near the border with the town of Guadalupe. The city also serves as the first Arizona IKEA branch location, also near the southern boundary. Tempe Marketplace a large open air mall featuring live music and water and laser shows is located just southeast of Tempe Town Lake. Tempe can boast an array of wholesalers and manufacturers. Mill Avenue, located just west of Hayden Butte, is a shopping and entertainment area in the city popular with pedestrians and students. With the completion of Tempe Town Lake, commercial and high-rise development along the reservoir quickly transformed the cityscape of Mill Avenue and the skyline of downtown Tempe. Many gourmet foods are made in Tempe, such as Decio Pasta, Sting and Linger Salsa, Cartel Coffee, Four Peaks Brewery Beer and much more. Tempe is now produces more blue-veined cheese than anywhere else in the country other than Wisconsin, thanks to Arizona Cheese Company. Visit www/tempe.gov/MadeinTempe

Top employers

State Farm is among the top employers in Tempe, with a regional campus along Tempe Town Lake which opened in 2015. According to Tempe's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Arizona State University 8,818
2 State Farm 8,500
3 Wells Fargo 3,300
4 US Airways 2,537
5 SRP 2,236
6 ABM Industries 2,000
7 JP Morgan Chase 1,958
8 City of Tempe 1,824
9 Honeywell 1,658
10 Tempe Elementary School District#3 1,619

Arts and culture

The Public Art program coordinates artists with building designers to install permanent and temporary public art projects. Since 1988, more than 50 projects have been commissioned by the Tempe's Cultural Services Division. The Art in Private Development ordinance of 1991 has helped add more than 60 privately owned pieces of art to the city, accessible by the public.[14]

Performing arts

Tempe enjoyed a thriving alternative music scene throughout the 1980s and '90s, producing such acts as the Gin Blossoms, Meat Puppets, Dead Hot Workshop, The Refreshments, Roger Clyne and the Peacemakers, Hans Olson, The Maine, and Injury Reserve.

Tempe Music Walk

The Tempe Music Walk honors select bands, musicians and musical venues with plaques embedded in the sidewalk on Mill Avenue. Tempe is the first Phoenix Metropolitan Area city to honor its musicians in this way. Honorees are Walt Richardson, The Gin Blossoms, Hans Olson, and Long Wong's. [15]

Public libraries

Tempe Public Library serves Tempe. The children's library is now 18,816 square feet large.[16]

Tourism

Many of the reasons people visit Tempe are places and events, such as P.F. Chang's Rock 'n' Roll Arizona Marathon & 1/2 Marathon, Tempe Marketplace, Arizona Mills, Mill Avenue, and Tempe Town Lake.[17] Downtown Tempe offers more than 175 restaurants, nightclubs and retail shops to cater to city guests.[18]

Mill Ave is a famous Arizona bar district in Tempe containing several bars and restaurants that cater to the growing university crowd and Tempe's Music Walk, which honors select bands, musicians and musical venues with plaques embedded in the sidewalk on Mill Avenue. Along with bars and restaurants are business complexes and university buildings. Several longtime bar establishments include Mill Ave Cue Club and Rula Bula Irish Pub.

The Tempe Tourism Office, located on Mill Avenue's downtown district, provides maps and additional information about hotels and upcoming city events.[19]

Historic properties

There are numerous properties in the city of Tempe which are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places.[20]

Sports

Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe Arizona
Sun Devil Stadium
T-Tempe Diablo Stadium2
Tempe Diablo Stadium

There are currently no major league professional sports teams playing in Tempe. However, from 1988 to 2005, Sun Devil Stadium hosted the Arizona Cardinals (named the Phoenix Cardinals from 1988 to 1993) of the National Football League. They have since moved to State Farm Stadium in Glendale for games, but maintain their headquarters and training facility in Tempe. Many residents follow the teams in nearby Phoenix and Glendale. (For more information, read the sports section on the Phoenix page)[21]

The Arizona State University Sun Devils compete in football, basketball, baseball, as well as a number of other sports in the Pac-12 Conference of the NCAA. The Sun Devils football team plays their games at Sun Devil Stadium. Their nearest rival is the University of Arizona Wildcats, in Tucson. The two teams compete in the "Duel in the Desert" for control of the Territorial Cup. The Sun Devil Stadium had hosted the annual Fiesta Bowl, until the 2007 game moved to the new University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale.

The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim have their spring training at Tempe Diablo Stadium. Tempe Diablo Stadium was built in 1968 and holds 9,785 people. The Angels moved here in 1993 from Palm Springs, California.

The Arizona Hotshots of the Alliance of American Football are scheduled to begin play in Tempe in February 2019.

Rugby union is a developing sport in Tempe as well as in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The multiple clubs, ranging from men's and women's clubs to collegiate and Under 19, are part of the Arizona Rugby Union.[22] Notable clubs are Arizona State University Rugby Football Club and the Tempe "Old Devils" Rugby Club.[23]

Parks and recreation

Tempe is home to many outdoor activities. Tempe Town Lake is a publicly accessible lake that is run by City of Tempe. The lake provides recreation activities to residents and tourists, but also helps protect the surrounding area from flooding. The City of Tempe estimated that 2.7 million people visited the lake in 2013.[24] Papago and South Mountain Parks offer hiking, mountain and road biking, rock climbing, frisbee golf, and equestrian activities. Tempe is also home to the annual Ironman Triathlon, which takes place in late November.

Government

  • Mayor: Mark Mitchell
  • Vice Mayor: Lauren Kuby
  • City Manager: Andrew Ching
  • Chief of Police: Sylvia Moir
  • Fire Chief: Greg Ruiz
  • City Attorney: Judith R. Baumann (Interim City Attorney)
  • City Council Members: Vice Mayor Lauren Kuby, Robin Arredondo-Savage, Joel Navarro, Jennifer Adams, and Randy Keating.

The city has had 31 mayors since 1894.

  • 1894–1896: Fenn J. Hart
  • 1896–1897: E.A. Murphy
  • 1897–1902: John Knight
  • 1902–1903: Samuel Brown
  • 1903–1912: J.A. Dins
  • 1912–1914: Joseph T. Birchett
  • 1914–1916: George M. Frizzell
  • 1916–1920: J.A. Dins
  • 1920–1922: C.M. Woodward
  • 1922–1924: Curt W. Miller
  • 1924–1926: Garfield A. Goodwin
  • 1926–1928: J.L. Felton
  • 1928–1930: Hugh E. Laird
  • 1930–1932: Thanks Anderson
  • 1932–1934: F.E. Ostrander
  • 1934–1937: Thanks Anderson
  • 1937–1948: W.W. Cole
  • 1948–1960: Hugh E. Laird
  • 1960–1961: Clyde Gililland
  • 1961–1962: Ross R. Rice
  • 1962–1963: Bernard R. Caine
  • 1963–1964: Harold Andrews
  • 1964–1966: John C. Moeur
  • 1966–1968: Rudy E. Campbell
  • 1968–1970: Elmer Bradley
  • 1970–1974: Dale R. Shumway
  • 1974–1978: William J. LoPiano
  • 1978–1994: Harry Mitchell
  • 1994–2004: Neil Giuliano
  • 2004–2012: Hugh Hallman
  • 2012–present: Mark Mitchell

Tempe is in Arizona's 9th Congressional District, served by Representative Greg Stanton (D).

Education

Tempe is served by multiple school districts. Most of Tempe is within the Tempe Elementary School District and the Tempe Union High School District; however, other portions are served by the Kyrene School District (K–8), Scottsdale Unified School District (K–12), and Mesa Public Schools (K–12). James Madison Preparatory School and Tempe Preparatory Academy are also located in the area.

Emmanuel Lutheran School is a Christian Pre-K-8 grade school of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod in Tempe.[25]

Tempe also contains one of the state's three major universities, Arizona State University, the Maricopa County Community College District administrative offices and the headquarters of Rio Salado Community College. Tempe is also the home of several career schools, including the University of Phoenix, Brookline College, Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, Southwest Institute of Healing Arts, Bryan University and Lamson Junior College.

Media

  • Tempe 11, a local access channel, found on Cox Cable Channel 11. [26]
  • KJZZ, an NPR station, is located in Tempe at Rio Salado College.
  • KBAQ, a 24/7 member-supported classical radio station, is the only such service in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Sun Sounds, a radio station for the blind, is also located there.
  • East Valley Tribune, a print newspaper, has offices in Tempe.
  • College Times, a weekly entertainment magazine serving the Phoenix metropolitan area and 20 Maricopa County colleges, including Arizona State University.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Tempe Town Lake (2)
Mill Avenue bridges over Tempe Town Lake at night

Tempe is one of the most densely populated cities in the state and serves as a crossroads for the area's largest communities.

Freeways make up the major transportation system for the Valley. Included in the system surrounding Tempe are Interstate 10 near the western edge as it traverses the Broadway Curve, Loop 202 crossing the northern side, Loop 101 following the eastern border, and U.S. Route 60 running east–west through the geographic center of the city.

Phoenix Exterior Bridge.2008
Phoenix light rail over Tempe Town Lake at night

Valley Metro operates bus routes and the Valley Metro Rail system that serves Downtown Tempe and Arizona State University, providing service to Phoenix and Mesa. The City of Tempe operates a free neighborhood circulator service called Orbit involving five free shuttle routes near Arizona State University that operate on a regular basis seven days a week.[27] Three other FLASH (Free Local Area Shuttle) circulate in northern Tempe around the university. Tempe residents and commuters make extensive use of public transit and service is offered on a more frequent basis than elsewhere in the greater Phoenix valley, or in the entire state. Most Tempe buses offer 15 minute service during rush hour and 30 minute service throughout the rest of the day.

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, located 2 miles (3.2 km) northwest of Tempe, provides extensive air service to points throughout North America and to London, England, and various cities in Hawaii.

Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport is located in Mesa, and offers air service to many additional destinations.

Tempe was the location of the world's first reported killing of a pedestrian by a self-driving car on 19 March 2018. An Uber car under software control was driving at 38 mph on a 35 mph limit road when it collided with 49-year-old Elaine Herzberg who was crossing the road.[28]

Notable people

Phillip Darrell Duppa
Phillip Darrell Duppa is credited with giving Tempe its name.

Twin towns and sister cities

Tempe has ten sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: [34]

Beaulieu-sur-Mer, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Carlow, Carlow, Ireland
Lower Hutt, New Zealand
Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany
Skopje, North Macedonia[35]
Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China
Timbuktu, Mali
Cuenca, Ecuador
Cuzco, Peru
Trollhättan, Sweden

Tempe has had a Sister City with Skopje, North Macedonia, since 1971. The newest sister city is Trollhättan, Sweden, in 2015. Tempe has been voted "Best Overall Sister City Program" in 1998, 2004 and 2008.[36]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "QuickFacts - Tempe city, Arizona". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 June 2018. Population estimates, July 1, 2017, (V2017) 185,038
  4. ^ "'Tempe' definition and pronunciation". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. merriamwebster.com. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  5. ^ Blanton, Shirley R. (2007). Tempe. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7385-4888-3.
  6. ^ Mark, Jay (February 21, 2014). "Black history more readily available with curator's book". The Arizona Republic. Tucson, Arizona. p. Z10 – via Newspapers.com. Blacks were slow to settle in Arizona. At the time of Tempe's founding in 1871, only 155 were recorded throughout the territory. ... For its first 90 years, Tempe was considered a 'sundown town' where Blacks were welcomed for agricultural and other daily labors. But they were encouraged to live elsewhere.
  7. ^ "Monthly Averages for Tempe, AZ". Weather.com. 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
  8. ^ "Limelight Networks: #1 Ranked CDN for fast, secure, reliable delivery". Limelightnetworks.com. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  9. ^ "Identity Theft Protection From ID & Credit Fraud – LifeLock". Lifelock.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2011. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  10. ^ "Vertically Integrated Utility-Scale PV Power Solutions Provider – First Solar". Firstsolar.com. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  11. ^ "Honeywell CEO resigns, will head Tempe-based First Solar". Azcentral.com. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  12. ^ "Headquarters & Campus Locations". Edward Jones Investments. Retrieved August 19, 2009.
  13. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". Tempe.gov. City of Tempe, Arizona. 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 14, 2010. Retrieved November 6, 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Tempe Music Walk - City of Tempe Councilman Joel Navarro".
  16. ^ "About Tempe Public Library". City of Tempe. Archived from the original on January 27, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  17. ^ "News from Tempe Convention & Visitors Bureau". Archive.constantcontact.com. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved November 6, 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Tempe Tourism Tempe, AZ Tourism Office – Welcome to Tempe!". Tempe Tourism. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  20. ^ "Arizona (AZ), Maricopa County". NationalRegisterofHistoricPlaces.com. American Dreams Inc. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  21. ^ "Arizona Cardinals Franchise". The Official Site of the Arizona Cardinals. Arizona Cardinals. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  22. ^ "Arizona Rugby Union". Arizona Rugby Union. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  23. ^ "Rugby, E.V. style: No wimps allowed". East Valley Tribune. September 21, 2004.
  24. ^ "Tempe Town Lake". Tempe.gov. City of Tempe, Arizona. 2014. Archived from the original on October 5, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  25. ^ "Emmanuel Lutheran School".
  26. ^ https://www.tempe.gov/government/communication-and-media-relations/tempe-11
  27. ^ "Neighborhood Circulator Expansion". Tempe.gov. City of Tempe, Arizona. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  28. ^ "Self-driving Uber kills Arizona woman in first fatal crash". TheGuardian.com. The Guardian. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  29. ^ "Jules Asner (Author of Whacked)". GoodReads.com. ...born Julie Ann White in Tempe, Arizona.... She began her career as an Elite model.
  30. ^ Leatherman, Benjamin (August 6, 2014). "The 15 Biggest Rock Stars Who Live in Arizona". Phoenix New Times. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  31. ^ "Gabe Freeman profile". scout.com. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  32. ^ "HAYDEN, Carl Trumbull, (1877–1972)". United States Congress. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  33. ^ "Pyle, John Howard (1906–1987)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  34. ^ "Our Sister Cities". TempeSisterCity.org. Archived from the original on April 23, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  35. ^ "Skopje – Twin towns & Sister cities". Official portal of City of Skopje. Grad Skopje. 2013. Archived from the original on October 24, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  36. ^ Tempe Sister City Corporation Membership Directory. 2009.

External links

2008 Insight Bowl

The 2008 Insight Bowl was a college football bowl game played at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona. The game, in its 20th year of existence, began at 5:30 p.m. EST on Wednesday, December 31, 2008. The game, which was telecast on NFL Network, featured the Minnesota Golden Gophers from the Big Ten Conference against the Kansas Jayhawks of the Big 12 Conference, with the Jayhawks winning, 42-21.

2009 Arizona State Sun Devils football team

The 2009 Arizona State Sun Devils football team represented Arizona State University during the 2009 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Sun Devils were coached by third-year coach Dennis Erickson and played their home games at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona. The Sun Devils finished the season 4–8 (2–7 Pac-10).

2011 Insight Bowl

The 2011 Insight Bowl, the 23rd edition of the game, was a post-season American college football bowl game, held on December 30, 2011 at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona as part of the 2011–12 NCAA Bowl season.

The game was telecast at 8:00 p.m. MT on ESPN. The Iowa Hawkeyes of the Big Ten Conference faced the Oklahoma Sooners of the Big 12 Conference. Oklahoma won by a score of 31–14.

The game was briefly suspended with 2:22 remaining in the fourth quarter when one of ESPN's skycams crashed onto the field, nearly hitting Iowa wide receiver Marvin McNutt, Jr. The incident has since gone viral on YouTube.

For the 2012 season, the bowl will have a new sponsor and a new name. It became the Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl

Arizona Hotshots

The Arizona Hotshots were a professional American football team based in Tempe, Arizona, and one of the charter members of the Alliance of American Football, which began play in February 2019. They played their home games at Sun Devil Stadium on the campus of Arizona State University. The Hotshots were one of two AAF teams based in a city that already had a NFL team (the Arizona Cardinals; the other team was the Atlanta Legends, where the NFL's Falcons are based). The Hotshots were coached by former USFL player and college head coach Rick Neuheisel. Scott Brubaker was the team president and Phil Savage was the general manager.

On April 2, 2019, the league's football operations were reportedly suspended, and on April 4 the league allowed players to leave their contracts to sign with NFL teams. The league filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy on April 17, 2019. At the time of the bankruptcy, the Hotshots owed over $1.2 million to Arizona State University for leasing Sun Devil Stadium.

Arizona Mills

Arizona Mills is an indoor shopping mall in Tempe, Arizona. It was co-owned by Simon Property Group (which owned 25%) and Taubman Centers and managed by Simon. However, Taubman has since sold the remaining 75% stake to Simon, which now wholly owns it. It opened on November 20, 1997, with 6,000 parking spaces and approximately 200 retailers. It is currently anchored by Sears Outlet Appliance, Ross Dress for Less, At Home, Marshalls, Conn's, and Burlington Coat Factory. The mall is located on the Southeast corner of US 60 and I-10.

Despite the presence of 'Mills' in its name, it is not geographically close to or affiliated with Mill Avenue, a shopping and entertainment district near Hayden Butte to the north. The name comes from that of the property developer, formerly known as the Mills Corporation.

Like other Mills Centers, Arizona Mills has abstract graphics from the entrances and inside the whole mall. Likewise for this mall, numerous artworks are displayed throughout Arizona Mills from the people of Arizona.

In June 2008, the mall's website was changed from its former Mills Corporation format to its Simon Malls format along with 16 other sister Simon-Mills malls. It was the last Simon-Mills mall to make the switch. It is one of two malls Simon currently owns in Arizona, the other being the Phoenix Premium Outlets on the Gila River Indian Community near Chandler, Arizona, which opened on April 4, 2013. It is the third mall Simon has ever owned in Arizona, previously having owned Southgate Mall in Yuma, Arizona, and Metrocenter Mall in Phoenix, Arizona which is now owned by Carlyle Development Group.

Arizona State University Tempe campus

Arizona State University Tempe campus is the largest of four campuses that compose Arizona State University. The campus lies in the heart of Tempe, Arizona, about eight miles (13 km) east of downtown Phoenix. The campus is considered urban, and is approximately 642 acres (2.6 km2) in size. ASU's Tempe campus is arranged around broad pedestrian malls and is completely encompassed by an arboretum. ASU has an extensive public art collection, considered one of the ten best among university public art collections in the United States. Against the northwest edge of campus is the Mill Avenue district (part of downtown Tempe) which has a college atmosphere that attracts many students to its restaurants and bars. ASU's Tempe Campus is also home to all of the university's athletic facilities.

Arizona–Arizona State football rivalry

The Arizona–Arizona State football rivalry, sometimes known as the Duel in the Desert, is a college football rivalry between the University of Arizona Wildcats and the Arizona State University Sun Devils.

One of the longest football rivalries, the winner receives the Territorial Cup, created 120 years ago for the 1899 champion between schools in Arizona and which the NCAA has certified as the oldest rivalry trophy in college football. While the Territorial Cup did not change hands as a regular part of the competition until 2001, the rivalry between the two schools continued after 1899, a semi-regular event until becoming an annual event from 1946 onwards. It is part of the wider Arizona–Arizona State rivalry, which crosses 20 varsity intercollegiate sports.

Casino Arizona Field

Casino Arizona Field, formerly known as Phoenix Rising Soccer Complex, is a 15.8-acre soccer-specific training and stadium facility located in the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community near Tempe, Arizona. It is the home of Phoenix Rising FC of the USL Championship. The complex has a 6,200-seat temporary stadium with luxury suites, separate training field, and parking area and is privately funded.

Gammage Memorial Auditorium

The Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium is a multipurpose performing arts center in Tempe, Arizona within the main campus of Arizona State University (ASU). The auditorium, which bears the name of former ASU President Grady Gammage, is considered to be one of the last public commissions of architect Frank Lloyd Wright.The Gammage stands as one of the largest exhibitors of performing arts among university venues in the world, featuring a wide range of genres and events.

The Auditorium is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Goodwin Stadium

Goodwin Stadium was a stadium in Tempe, Arizona. It hosted the Arizona State University Sun Devils football team until they moved to Sun Devil Stadium in 1958, as well as the team for local Tempe High School until 1969. The stadium held 15,000 people at its peak and was opened in 1936. The first football game played was on Friday, October 3, 1936, when the Arizona State Teacher's College Bulldogs defeated California Institute of Technology 26-0. The last football game played was on September 20, 1958, when ASU beat Hawaii 47-6 in front of 19,000 fans.

The stadium was named for Garfield Goodwin, former mayor of Tempe, member of the Arizona State Teachers College Board of Education and receiver on the 1899 Tempe Normal School football team.

Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts

The Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona was created in 2009 by the merger of two existing academic units, the Katherine K. Herberger College of the Arts and the College of Design. The Arizona Board of Regents approved the merger on April 30, 2009. The Herberger Institute comprises five schools: the School of Art; the School of Arts, Media and Engineering; The Design School; the School of Film, Dance and Theatre; and the School of Music. It also houses the ASU Art Museum.

Marquee Theatre

Marquee Theatre is a small-sized music venue in Tempe, Arizona. The theater sits on the north side of Tempe Town Lake near the Mill Avenue Bridge, at the intersection of Mill Avenue and Washington Street, the primary business and entertainment district in Tempe.

Normal Field (Arizona)

Normal Field was the first football stadium of Arizona Normal School, which was operational from 1897 to 1926, when it was replaced by Irish Field.

Papago Park

Papago Park is a municipal park of the cities of Phoenix and Tempe, Arizona, United States. It has been designated as a Phoenix Point of Pride.

It includes Hunt's Tomb, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Sea Life Arizona

Sea Life Arizona is a 26,000 square foot interactive aquarium located at Arizona Mills in Tempe, Arizona. The aquarium contains thousands of aquatic creatures, plus interactive touch pools and a 360° ocean tunnel. Sea Life Arizona is owned and operated by Merlin Entertainments, which operates over thirty other aquariums in eleven countries on two continents. Eight of these are in the United States.

Sun Devil Stadium

Sun Devil Stadium is an outdoor football stadium on the campus of Arizona State University, in Tempe, Arizona, United States. It is home to the Arizona State Sun Devils football team of the Pac-12 Conference and the Arizona Hotshots of the Alliance of American Football. The stadium's seating capacity as of 2018 is 53,599, reduced from a peak of 74,865 in 1989, and the playing surface is natural grass. The field within the stadium was named Frank Kush Field in honor of Frank Kush, the former coach of the ASU football team in 1996. Sun Devil Stadium is undergoing a $304 million renovation that is scheduled to be completed by June 2019. It was the only major football stadium in the Phoenix metropolitan area until the construction of State Farm Stadium in Glendale in 2006.

The stadium has hosted two annual college football bowl games: the Fiesta Bowl from 1971 to 2006, and the Cactus Bowl from 2006 to 2015.

Sun Devil Stadium was also home to the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League (NFL) from 1988 through the 2005 season. Following the 2005 season, the Cardinals moved to State Farm Stadium.

Tempe Diablo Stadium

Tempe Diablo Stadium is a baseball field located in Tempe, Arizona. It is the spring training home of the Los Angeles Angels and the home field for night games of the Arizona League Tempe Angels. It was the spring training home of the Seattle Pilots in 1969 and 1970 (the Pilots moved to Milwaukee late in spring training of March 1970 and prior to the 1970 regular season), the Milwaukee Brewers in 1971 and 1972, and the Seattle Mariners from 1977 through 1993; the Mariners now play at the Peoria Sports Complex, with the San Diego Padres.

The stadium was built in 1968 and holds 9,558 people. The stadium underwent an extensive $20 million renovation and was rededicated on Mar. 3, 2006. The renovation included the main stadium, the Major League Fields and the Minor League Complex on site. In return for the newly updated stadium, the Angels agreed to extend their spring training lease through Dec. 31, 2025. $12 million of the renovations were funded by the Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority, a municipal corporation charged with funding renovations of Cactus League stadiums throughout Maricopa County.

Tempe Diablo Stadium can be seen from the Maricopa Freeway.

Tom Luginbill

Tom Luginbill (born January 3, 1974) is a college football analyst for ESPN. Luginbill grew up in Tempe, Arizona and San Diego. He is the son of the professional and college coach Al Luginbill.

Wells Fargo Arena (Tempe, Arizona)

Wells Fargo Arena (formerly ASU Activity Center) is a 14,000-seat multi-purpose arena located at 600 E Veterans Way in Tempe, Arizona, a suburb of Phoenix.

Constructed in the spring of 1974 as the ASU Activity Center and at the cost of $8 million, it is the home of multiple Arizona State University athletic teams, to include men's basketball, women's basketball, women's volleyball, women's gymnastics, and men's wrestling. The facility also plays host to graduation ceremonies and a variety of concerts and shows. The building replaced Sun Devil Gym as the primary arena for the Sun Devils' basketball team.

Naming rights for the arena were purchased by Wells Fargo & Co. in 1997.

Climate data for Tempe, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 69
(21)
73
(23)
78
(26)
86
(30)
95
(35)
107
(42)
115
(46)
103
(39)
100
(38)
89
(32)
78
(26)
68
(20)
88
(32)
Average low °F (°C) 39
(4)
42
(6)
46
(8)
52
(11)
60
(16)
68
(20)
75
(24)
75
(24)
68
(20)
56
(13)
45
(7)
38
(3)
55
(13)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.08
(27)
1.20
(30)
1.11
(28)
0.28
(7.1)
0.14
(3.6)
0.03
(0.76)
1.06
(27)
1.36
(35)
0.68
(17)
0.64
(16)
0.69
(18)
1.10
(28)
9.37
(238)
Source: The Weather Channel[7]
Articles relating to Tempe and Maricopa County

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