Tellippalai

Tellippalai or Thellippalai (Tamil: தெல்லிப்பழை Tellippaḻai[1]) is a small town in the northern Jaffna District of Sri Lanka. It is located about 15 kilometers north of Jaffna town along the Kankesanthurai road

In the middle part of 20th century Tellippallai town had become an administrative and commercial hub for the surrounding villages of Ampanai, Kollangkaladdi, Veemankamam, Varuthalaivilan and Mathanai. Tellippalai railway station is located at about 100 meters east of Tellippalai junction.

Tellippalai

தெல்லிப்பழை
තෙල්ලිපලෛයි
Tellippalai is located in Northern Province
Tellippalai
Tellippalai
Coordinates: 9°47′0″N 80°2′0″E / 9.78333°N 80.03333°E
CountrySri Lanka
ProvinceNorthern
DistrictJaffna
DS DivisionValikamam North

Legend

An Indian princess from Tamil Nadu Maaruthap Piravaakavalli or Maruthapura Veeravalli got cured of her disease at Keerimalai springs Naguleswaram temple and settle down at Tellippalai for some time. Because of this the place was named as thallipalli. Thalli means young and palli means small village. Over the time the name became Thellipalli. During the time of King Thondaiman in Tamil Nadu, three families with following family names apparently settled down at Tellippalai: Sampaka mappanan, Santhirasekara maappanan and Kanakarayan [2]

History since 1658 (Dutch rule)

The province of Belligamme [Valligamam] has 14 Churches, the chief where-of is Telipole a large structure, with a double row of Pillars; the House thereunto belonging is the work of the Jesuits, beautifyeo with a pleasant Garden, handsome Court and most delicious Vineyards affording most sorts of Indian Fruits, and water’d with several springs . . .[3] Old hand drawn picture given below shows two small hills in the background. The two hills are between Keerimalai and Maviddapuram which are about two kilometers from Tellippalai. The hills may have been visible from Tellippalai during those times.

History since 1812

It was a mission location when the American Ceylon Mission (ACM) came to Sri Lanka in the 19th century. It was known as Tillipally in ACM documents. American Ceylon Mission established number of churches and Christian schools in Jaffna District which provided western education.[4]

The First English School of Jaffna, which led to Union College, Tellippalai was founded in Dutch Hall in 1816 by the Rev. Daniel Poor and Edward Warren, American citizens. At that time, the bitter consequences of the War of 1812 had soured the feelings of the governor of the British colony of Ceylon, Robert Brownrigg, against all Americans. In 1813 he refused permission for the first batch of American-Ceylon Missionaries of New England [5] to settle in Colombo.

They were sent to the arid Jaffna peninsula, permitted to occupy only Dutch buildings, and refused permission to proselytize in Jaffna or Point Pedro. Brownrigg also refused them a charter to provide higher education. The Rev. Samuel Newell arrived on 7 September 1813 on the Jaffna peninsula and occupied the Tellippilai Union premises, which at that time consisted of dilapidated and snake-infested structures dating back to the Portuguese of the 16th century.

Edward Warren having a completed two-year course in Medicine and Surgery at Dartmouth Medical School (Geisel School of Medicine), erected a small hospital in Tellippalai.[6]

First printing press was established at Tellippallai in 1820 [7] by American Ceylon Mission. Later the press was moved to Manipay, and moved back to Tellippalai again in 1901.

In 1910 Mahajana College, Tellippalai was founded at Ampanai, Tellippalai by T. A. Thuraiyappapillai.

The Tellippalai Hospital or Tellippalai base hospital was built in the late 1960s as a replacement for the old hospital in Kankesanthurai

There are number of old Hindu temples located in the Tellippalai area.

Sri Durgadevi Temple of Tellippalai has become one of the most popular places of worship in the last few decades.[8]

Schools

Gallery

AMH-6995-KB View of the church of Telipole

Church in Tellippalai in 1665 during Dutch rule.

Susan Poor wife of Daniel Poor burial place at Tellippalai church1

Burial place of Susan Poor wife of American Missionary Daniel Poor who died in 1821 adjacent to Tellippalai church .

Tellippalai church and union college

Tellippalai church in damaged condition due to civil war and Union College in 2011

Tellippalai church 2016

Refurbished Tellippalai church (2016)

Union college athletic meet 2011

Union college play ground in 2011 athletic meet

Union College Sanders hall 2016

Union college Sanders Hall built for the bicentenary in 2016

Mahajana college

Mahajana College main building

Thurkai amman kovil

Thurkkai amman Kovil

Notable personalities from Tellippalai

S. J. V. Chelvanayakam - Former leader of Tamil United Liberation Front and Federal party (Sri Lanka) or Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi and member of parliament for Kankesanthurai electorate 1947 -1977.

S. Vithiananthan, former Vice chancellor of University of Jaffna between 1979-1988. He was a Professor of Tamil at University of Peradeniya and University of Jaffna

Tellipalai Rajaratnam or Wanarajah Rajaratnam, former Supreme Court judge and Member of Parliament

I. P. Thurairatnam, principal of Union College, Tellippalai between 1935-1964. During this period the school has become one of the top schools in Jaffna. As the secretary of the Jaffna Students Congress (later known as Jaffna youth Congress), he invited Mahatma Gandhi to Jaffna district in 1927 and Gandhi’s reply is given below:

"As at the Ashram, Sabarmati

3-2-’27

Dear Friend, I have your letter. During my visit to the South, I should love to respond to your invitation. But there are many difficulties in the way. If I go to Jaffna, I must go to other places in Ceylon which means quite a few days there. This year I want to devote purely to Khadi work and Khadi collection. If therefore I went to Ceylon, I would want to make Khadi collections. The best thing I can therefore do is to forward your letter to Sjt. C. Rajagopalachariar who is organising the tour in the South and let him decide. Please correspond with him. His address is Gandhi Ashram, Tiruchengodu (South India).

Yours sincerely,

M. K. Gandhi" [9] [10]

Mahatma Gandhi and C. Rajagopalachari visited Jaffna and had a meeting at Tellippalai as well.

T. A. Thuraiyappapillai, scholar, poet and founder of Mahajana College, Tellippalai in 1910. He was a former teacher of Union College, Tellippalai

T. T. Jeyaratnam, former principal of Mahajana College, Tellippalai and son of T. A. Thuraiyappapillai. He developed the school to one of the top schools in Jaffna

Pandit Thangamma Appakutty, former teacher of Union College, Tellippalai and the key person in developing the Sri Durgadevi Temple of Tellippalai,[11][12]

Sinnathamby Sivamaharajah, former Member of Parliament

References

  1. ^ Know the Etymology: Thellippazhai, Tamilnet
  2. ^ Jaffna History by A, Mootootamby Pillai, page 35, published by The Navalar Press, Jaffna in 1912
  3. ^ Agnes Thambynayagam, St. Antony’s College, Oxford (2003)
  4. ^ "American Ceylon Mission 1902" (PDF). Yale University Library. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  5. ^ http://www.srilankanchristiansociety.org/us--sl-history.html
  6. ^ Nineteenth century American Missionaries in Jaffna, Ceylon, Thiru Arumugam, ISBN 9780646520902 (hbk), page 20, MV Publications, South Asian Studies Centre, Sydney 2009
  7. ^ "Historical Context". Embassy of Sri Lanka, Washington D. C. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Miracles of Tellipalai Durgadevi Temple". Daily News Sri Lanka. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  9. ^ "I.P. Thurairatnam". Zoom info. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  10. ^ "the Memoirs of I.P.Thurairatnam". Tamilnation.org. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  11. ^ "Thangamma Appakutty". Valai Tamil. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Profile: Dr Thangamma Appakutti". Daily News Sri Lanka. Retrieved 6 April 2015.

Coordinates: 9°47′N 80°2′E / 9.783°N 80.033°E

Allen Abraham

Allen Abraham (1865 – 9 July 1922; born Subramaniar Ambalavanar) was a Ceylon Tamil academic and astronomer.

B. Gajatheepan

Balachandran Gajatheepan is a Sri Lankan Tamil teacher, politician and provincial councillor.

Gajatheepan was educated at Jaffna Hindu College and Kopay Teacher Training College. He was a teacher at Analativu Sathasivam Maha Vidyalayam and Union College, Tellippalai. He is leader of the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi's youth wing.Gajatheepan contested the 2013 provincial council election as one of the Tamil National Alliance's candidates in Jaffna District and was elected to the Northern Provincial Council. After the election he was appointed to assist the Chief Minister on tourism. He took his oath as provincial councillor in front of Chief Minister C. V. Vigneswaran at Veerasingam Hall on 11 October 2013.

C. Balasingham

Coomarasamy Balasingham (10 March 1917 – 15 July 2001) was a leading Ceylon Tamil civil servant.

C. Vanniasingam

Coomaraswamy Vanniasingam (Tamil: குமாரசாமி வன்னியசிங்கம்; 12 October 1911 – 17 September 1959) was a Ceylon Tamil lawyer, politician and Member of Parliament.

Daniel Poor

Daniel Poor (27 June 1789, Massachusetts, United States - 3 February 1855, Manipai, Jaffna) was a Presbyterian missionary and educator, founder of the first English School in Jaffna, Sri Lanka.

Poor graduated at Phillips Academy, Andover in 1805 and Dartmouth in 1811, and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1814 at the age of twenty-five. He was ordained in the Presbyterian Church at Newburyport, Massachusetts in June 1815.

He married Susan Bulfinch of Salem, Massachusetts on October 9, 1815 and two weeks after their wedding left for Ceylon on October 23, 1815. He visited with Rev. William Bentley of Salem, a great linguist, who was not impressed with Poor's intentions or abilities. The Poors were accompanied by two more missionary couples James Richards and his wife, as well as Benjamin C. Meigs and his wife and a young bachelor clergyman named Edward Warren. They arrived in Colombo on March 22, 1816 and moved to the Jaffna Peninsula thereafter. The Poors and Edward Warren settled in Tellippalai on 16 October 1816.

Poor pioneered the English education service to Tellippalai and its adjoining villages is magnanimous and admirable and to be remembered for ever by the poor, middle and the upper class folks of the region who had an advantage of high-standard education over the other rural areas of the Jaffna peninsula in the 19th century.

Though the American missionaries came with dedication and fanaticism to spread Christianity, they did not confine themselves strictly and fully to evangelism alone; they were keen to impart a liberal education. Immediately after landing in Colombo in 1813 Rev. Samuel Newell got a charter from the British governor to impart a primary education service to the public in the parched north. They were forbidden to engage in higher education. But, in contrast to the American missionaries, the Methodist missionaries, stationed in the Jaffna fort, took about four years to comprehend that they could not convert natives to Christianity without schools and in 1817 Rev. James Lynch applied for permission to their Head Office in England to establish schools. But Poor was able to commence his education service at Tellippalai without any impediment in 1816.

On 9 December 1816, Poor founded the ‘Common Free School’ which is currently known as Union College, Tellippalai in the ‘Dutch Hall’ that had been infested with poisonous serpents when Rev. Samuel Newel stepped into the compound in 1813. ‘The Common Free School’ was the first English school

founded in Jaffna. In 1818 Poor converted the school into ‘Family Boarding School’ again the first of its kind to Jaffna. The school started with six students. The first student Samuel Lochester completed his studies in 1828 and got an appointment as a teacher in the same school. Also, Poor was the first principal to admit girls and dalith students to a school. Among the five girls first admitted to the school, one Miranda Sellathurai was from the dalith class. In 1821 the total number on roll was 11 boys and 3 girls.

Poor began to preach through an interpreter, but his progress in Tamil was so rapid that he spoke the language freely in less than a year. His wife Susan died at Tellippalai on May 7, 1821, after giving birth to one son and two daughters. Of the other three missionary colleagues, Edward Warren who was of fragile health, died in South Africa after leaving Colombo in April 1818. While at Tellippalai , he treated sick people and taught not only English but also the Tamil language to the natives. James Richard, who accompanied Warren to Cape Town, remained there until Nov.25, 1818 and returned to Jaffna. He survived for three more years, and died on August 3, 1822.

Poor then married Ann Knight of England, on January 21, 1823. Poor moved to Vaddukoddai where he founded a boarding school for boys. This school became an important educational centre for the entire region, and succeeded in sending out well-trained teachers and Bishops to schools and churches which is currently known as Jaffna College . He was given the degree of D. D. by Dartmouth in 1835. He was transferred to Madurai, India in 1836, where he founded thirty-seven schools that he visited in succession, and frequently addressed from horse-back to crowds of adult natives. He returned to his original station at Tellippalai in 1841. In 1848 he visited the United States where he created a profound impression with his able and eloquent advocacy of the cause of missions.

Poor returned to Jaffna again in 1850 and continued his work at Manipay until he fell a victim to the cholera epidemic which struck the peninsula disastrously in 1855.

Poor had performed a noble service to Tellippalai in the fields of English education, the Tamil language and social advancement; he deserves to be celebrated in a grand way, if not possible annually, at least once a century.Daniel Poor Memorial Library in Madurai often abbreviated as DPM Library is the central library of The American College in Madurai, It is one of the oldest libraries present in South India. DPM officially began its functions on June 28, 1915. It was built in memory of Rev.Daniel Poor.

K. Kunaratnam

Kanthia Kunaratnam (30 April 1934 – 9 September 2015) was a Sri Lankan Tamil physicist, academic and former vice-chancellor of the University of Jaffna.

K. P. Ratnam

Kaarthigesar Ponnambalam Ratnam (Tamil: கார்த்திகேசு பொன்னம்பலம் இரத்தினம்; 10 March 1914 – 20 December 2010) was a Sri Lankan Tamil academic, politician and Member of Parliament.

Kadduvan

Kattuvan (Tamil: கட்டுவன்) is a small town in the northern Jaffna District of Sri Lanka.It is situated along the Vallai–Tellippalai-Arali road between Vasavilan and Tellippalai. The Kattuvan Grama Sevaka (GS) division J/238 is located in the Valikamam North Division.

Kattuvan is one of the oldest towns in Jaffna District and a traditional village. While most of the traditional folk dances of the Jaffna District vanished during the long Colonial history of Sri Lanka, the folk dance ‘vasanthan” (Tamil: வசந்தன் or வயந்தன்) has survived until the beginning of the Sri Lankan Civil War. Though this dance form is similar to “Kolaaddam” (Tamil: கோலாட்டம்), it has some unique features. It has an original rhythm and tune as well as old traditional lyrics. It is performed in temples by adult males during "Navarathiri" (Tamil: நவராத்திரி) festival time. It is also believed that the performance at the temple will bring rain.

Tamil scholar Pandithar Namasivayam who was a student of Vidwa Siromani C. Ganesha Iyer is from Kattuvan. He was awarded the honor of illakkanna viththakar (Tamil: இலக்கண வித்தகர்) by the University of Jaffna at its first convocation in 1979.

Due to the Sri Lankan Civil War the village has come under the high security zone since 1990 being proximate to the Palali military base adjoining Palali airport.Sri Lankan government cabinet has decided to release 400 acres in Palai Veemankamam south and Varuthalaivilan, 300 acres in Kattuvan and Kurumbasiddy for re-settlementAraly-Tellippalai road up to Kattuvan junction was released from army control in July 2016. The rectangular area covering the places Tellippalai, Kattuvan and Mallakam is completely released.

Mahajana College, Tellippalai

Mahajana College (Tamil: மகாஜனாக் கல்லூரி Makājaṉāk Kallūri) is a provincial school in Tellippalai, Sri Lanka.

Mallakam railway station

Mallakam railway station (Tamil: மல்லாகம் தொடருந்து நிலையம் Mallākam toṭaruntu nilaiyam) is a railway station in the town of Mallakam in northern Sri Lanka. Owned by Sri Lanka Railways, the state-owned railway operator, the station is part of the Northern Line which links the north with the capital Colombo. The station was not functioning between 1990 and 2015 due to the civil war. The Northern Line between Jaffna and Kankesanthurai was re-opened on 2 January 2015.

Maviddapuram

Maviddapuram (Tamil: மாவிட்டபுரம்) is a holy village in the Sri Lankan district of Jaffna under the Tellippalai divisional secretariat. It is near the Palali airport, Kankesanthurai harbour and Keerimalai coast which is famous for the Naguleswaram Shiva temple. So, it is a centre point and well connected to the Jaffna town by transport services before the late 1980s.

Maviddapuram railway station

Maviddapuram railway station (Tamil: மாவிட்டபுரம் தொடருந்து நிலையம் Māviṭṭapuram toṭaruntu nilaiyam) is a railway station in the village of Maviddapuram in northern Sri Lanka. Owned by Sri Lanka Railways, the state-owned railway operator, the station is part of the Northern Line which links the north with the capital Colombo. The station was not functioning between 1990 and 2015 due to the civil war. The Northern Line between Jaffna and Kankesanthurai was re-opened on 2 January 2015.

Ravi Vetrivel

Ravi Vetrivel (born 28 October 1970) is a Sri Lankan-Canadian film director, screenwriter, cinematographer and editor. He directed a few independent Tamil language films in Toronto.

Sabaratnam Arulkumaran

Sir Sabaratnam Arulkumaran is a Sri Lankan Tamil physician, former president of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, and president-elect of the British Medical Association.

Tellippalai Hospital

Tellippalai Hospital is a government hospital in Tellippalai, Sri Lanka. It is controlled by the provincial government in Jaffna. As of 2010 it had 102 beds. The hospital is sometimes called Tellippalai Base Hospital or Tellippalai District Hospital.

As well as general medical care the hospital provides a wide variety of healthcare services including diabetic, dentistry, family planning, obstetrics (ante-natal), oncology, paediatrics, psychiatry and tuberculosis. The hospital also has an emergency department, a physiotherapy unit and a pathological laboratory.In 2010 the hospital had 7,201 in-patient admissions, 57,202 out-patient visits and 36,613 clinic visits.

Tellippalai railway station

Tellippalai railway station (Tamil: தெல்லிப்பழை தொடருந்து நிலையம் Tellippaḻai toṭaruntu nilaiyam) is a railway station in the town of Tellippalai in northern Sri Lanka. Owned by Sri Lanka Railways, the state-owned railway operator, the station is part of the Northern Line which links the north with the capital Colombo. The station was not functioning between 1990 and 2015 due to the civil war. The Northern Line between Jaffna and Kankesanthurai was re-opened on 2 January 2015.

Union College, Tellippalai

Union College (Tamil: ஐக்கிய கல்லூரி Aikkiya Kallūri; UC) is a provincial school in Tellippalai, Sri Lanka. Founded in 1816 by American Ceylon Mission, it is one of Sri Lanka's oldest schools.

Union College Old Students Association, Sydney

The association was formed in 2008 at Sydney, Australia by the old students of Union College, Tellippalai, Sri-Lanka.The aims and objectives of the organisation are to foster and maintain fellowship, cordiality and goodwill among the old students, past staff and well-wishers of Union College in Australia and maintain links with present college authorities and students, obtain information on the progress and developments of the college with a view to providing support by raising funds through donations and cultural activities.

The Union College Old Students Association, Sydney is formally registered with NSW Fair Trading, Australia. It maintains links with other Union College Old Students Associations in Sri-Lanka, United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.

The school Union College, Tellippalai was established by the American Missionaries in 1816 and it will celebrate its bi-centennial anniversary in 2016. It is located in Tellippalai, Jaffna, Sri-Lanka. It was one of the most affected schools in Sri-Lanka due to the 30 years of Sri Lankan civil war. It started operating in its original location with some semblance of normalcy since 2011.

The Union College Old Students Association, Sydney has carried out yearly get-together and cultural programs since 2008 to raise funds to support the school. It has donated books, bicycles, furniture, computer software and sporting equipment to the school.

The association is planning to celebrate the bi-centennial in Sydney, Australia along with the school celebrations.

The organisation celebrated the 200th anniversary of the school at Sydney on May 28, 2016.

An article appeared on page 42 of the August 2016 issue of the Canada Monsoon Journal

Valukkai Aru

Valukkai Aru is a seasonal river in Northern Province, Sri Lanka. It is the only river on the Jaffna Peninsula. The river rises near Tellippalai, before flowing south-west through Kandarodai, Sandilipay and Vaddukoddai. The river empties into Jaffna Lagoon near Araly.

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