Teleo was a peer-to-peer Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) network founded in by Wendell Brown, Andy Moeck and Craig Taro Gold in 2005.

Teleo was an early competitor to Skype. The San-Francisco-based[1] company's VoIP system enabled desktop and laptop PC users to send and receive phone calls over the Internet. Users could speak to other Teleo users for free, call traditional telephone numbers for a fee, and receive calls from traditional phones.[2]

Teleo provided internet telephony applications that bridged the gap between computer desktops, land line phones, and cell phones. Teleo's software allowed users to place and receive phone calls from Microsoft Outlook, Internet Explorer, and other applications.

Teleo users could place free PC-to-PC calls to other Teleo users worldwide; calls from regular telephones were also free. Calls to regular telephones were "pay as you go," at a 2-cent-per-minute rate worldwide. Users could avoid fees by encouraging friends and business associates to install Teleo.

Angel investor Chris Morgando was brought on as an advisor to Teleo in March 2005, and Peter Sisson was added as chief executive officer in June 2005.[2] Teleo was acquired by Microsoft in August 2005,[3][4] and became part of Microsoft's MSN group in 2006.


  1. ^ "Articles about Teleo Inc - latimes".
  2. ^ a b "Teleo - Crunchbase". Crunchbase.
  3. ^ Oakes, Chris (31 August 2005). "Microsoft to Acquire Teleo, an Internet Phone Company" – via
  4. ^ "Microsoft Acquires Teleo, Innovative VoIP Technology Company".

External links

AutoCollage 2008

AutoCollage 2008 is a Microsoft photomontage desktop application. The software creates a collage of representative elements from a set of images. It is able to detect faces and recognize objects.The software was developed by Microsoft Research labs in Cambridge, England and launched on September 4, 2008.

An update, named Microsoft Research AutoCollage 2008 version 1.1, was released on February, 2009. The software update adds the ability to select images for the AutoCollage, a richer integration with Windows Live Photo Gallery, support for network folders and the ability to define custom output sizes.

A new version, named Microsoft Research AutoCollage Touch 2009, was released on September 2009, and included by some OEMs on machines with Windows 7.

Bing Audio

Bing Audio (also known as Bing Music) is a music recognition application created by Microsoft which is installed on Windows Phones running version 7.5 and above, including Windows Phone 8. On Windows Phone 8.1, and in regions where the Microsoft Cortana voice assistant is available, Bing Music is integrated with Cortana and the music search history is a part of Cortana's "Notebook". The service is only designed to recognize recorded songs, not live performances or humming. Xbox Music Pass subscribers can immediately add the songs to their playlists. A unique feature compared to similar services is that Bing Audio continuously listens and analyzes music while most other services can only listen for a fixed amount of time. Bing Research developed a fingerprinting algorithm to identify songs.On March 30, 2016 Microsoft announced that they'll create bots based on Bing features in Skype of which Bing Music was one.

Bing Vision

Bing Vision is an image recognition application created by Microsoft which is installed on Windows Phones running version 7.5 and above, including Windows Phone 8. It is a part of the Bing Mobile suite of services, and on most devices can be accessed using the search button. On Windows Phone 8.1 devices where Microsoft Cortana is available, it is only available through the lenses of the Camera app (as the search button now activates Cortana). Bing Vision can scan barcodes, QR codes, Microsoft Tags, books, CDs, and DVDs. Books, CDs, and DVDs are offered through Bing Shopping.

Craig Taro Gold

Craig Taro Gold (born November 1969), known as Taro Gold, is an American author and entrepreneur. He is the author of several New York Times best-selling books including Open Your Mind, Open Your Life and Living Wabi Sabi. He is the co-founder of eVoice and Teleo along with other business ventures.

Elena Poniatowska

Hélène Elizabeth Louise Amélie Paula Dolores Poniatowska (born May 19, 1932), known professionally as Elena Poniatowska (audio ), is a French-born Mexican journalist and author, specializing in works on social and political issues focused on those considered to be disenfranchised especially women and the poor. She was born in Paris to upper class parents, including her mother whose family fled Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. She left France for Mexico when she was ten to escape the Second World War. When she was eighteen and without a university education, she began writing for the newspaper Excélsior, doing interviews and society columns. Despite the lack of opportunity for women from the 1950s to the 1970s, she evolved to writing about social and political issues in newspapers, books in both fiction and nonfiction form. Her best known work is La noche de Tlatelolco (The night of Tlatelolco, the English translation was entitled "Massacre in Mexico") about the repression of the 1968 student protests in Mexico City. She is considered to be "Mexico's grande dame of letters" and is still an active writer.


Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009. Originally sold on CD-ROM or DVD, it was also later available on the World Wide Web via an annual subscription – although later many articles could also be viewed free online with advertisements. By 2008, the complete English version, Encarta Premium, consisted of more than 62,000 articles, numerous photos and illustrations, music clips, videos, interactive content, timelines, maps, atlases and homework tools.

Microsoft published similar encyclopedias under the Encarta trademark in various languages, including German, French, Spanish, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese and Japanese. Localized versions contained contents licensed from national sources and more or less content than the full English version. For example, the Dutch version had content from the Dutch Winkler Prins encyclopedia.

In March 2009, Microsoft announced it was discontinuing both the Encarta disc and online versions. The MSN Encarta site was closed on October 31, 2009 in all countries except Japan, where it was closed on December 31, 2009. Microsoft continued to operate the Encarta online dictionary until 2011.

Gryllus integer

Gryllus integer commonly known as the Western Trilling Cricket, is one of many species of field cricket (Subfamily Gryllinae) in the genus Gryllus. It is called the "triller" field cricket because its song is nearly continuous rather than broken into discrete chirps... G. integer can be found in parts of the Western United States, having been recorded from Oregon, California, Arizona and New Mexico.

High Capacity Color Barcode

High Capacity Color Barcode (HCCB) is a technology developed by Microsoft for encoding data in a 2D "barcode" using clusters of colored triangles instead of the square pixels conventionally associated with 2D barcodes or QR codes. Data density is increased by using a palette of 4 or 8 colors for the triangles, although HCCB also permits the use of black and white when necessary. It has been licensed by the ISAN International Agency for use in its International Standard Audiovisual Number standard, and serves as the basis for the Microsoft Tag mobile tagging application.

The technology was created by Gavin Jancke, an engineering director at Microsoft Research. Quoted by BBC News in 2007, he said that HCCB was not intended to replace conventional barcodes. "'It's more of a 'partner' barcode', he said. 'The UPC barcodes will always be there. Ours is more of a niche barcode where you want to put a lot of information in a small space.'"

Keith Clark

Keith Leonard Clark (born 29 March 1943) is an Emeritus Professor in the Dept of Computing at Imperial College London, England.

Letter Kills

Letter Kills was an alternative rock band from Southern California, formed in August 2002. They were signed to Island Records.

The band cites their Christian beliefs as the reason they got together. The name "Letter Kills" comes from Second Corinthians 3:6 - "for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life."Their first album, The Bridge, was released July 2, 2004.

They toured the United States with Story of the Year as part of the Nintendo Fusion Tour, in addition to opening for The Used on the Van's Warped Tour in the winter of 2005. Additional bands toured with include Lostprophets, My Chemical Romance, Three Days Grace, and others.

While recording their followup to The Bridge, guitarist Dustin Lovelis left the band to form The Fling, and the band soon broke up in 2006. They cited the cause of their breakup as lack of artistic freedom with their label.

After the band broke up, lead singer Matthew Shelton returned to his hometown of Fort Worth, Texas, where he started a new band called Teleo. Lead guitarist Timothy Cordova moved back to Utah and got his master's degree, and shortly after became a middle school Language Arts teacher. Cordova currently plays guitar for The Rock Music.

In 2008, Matt Shelton became the permanent lead singer of the band The Wedding, replacing Kevin Keihn. There is currently no word if the band Teleo is actually in works. In July 2009, lead singer Matthew James started to promote his new acoustic solo project, Hotel Spangler, with the album Dead and Done.

List of Internet entrepreneurs

An Internet entrepreneur is an owner, founder or manager of an Internet based business. This list includes Internet company founders, and people brought on to companies for their entrepreneurship skills, not simply for their general business or accounting acumen, as is the case with some CEOs hired by companies started by entrepreneurs.

List of Jewish American computer scientists

This is a list of notable Jewish American computer scientists. For other Jewish Americans, see Lists of Jewish Americans.

Hal Abelson, artificial intelligence

Leonard Adleman, RSA cryptography, DNA computing, Turing Award (2002)

Paul Baran, Polish-born engineer, co-invented packet switching

Daniel J. Bernstein, cryptologist, designed Salsa20, Stream cipher and Curve25519; sued the U.S. government about encryption (Bernstein v. United States) (1995)

Lenore and Manuel Blum (Turing Award (1995)), Venezuelan-American computer scientists, computational complexity; parents of Avrim Blum (Co-training)

Dan Bricklin, creator of the original spreadsheet

Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google

Wendell Brown, computer scientist, co-founder of Teleo and LiveOps

Peter Elias, information theory

Robert Fano, Italian-American information theorist

Ed Feigenbaum, artificial intelligence, Turing Award (1994)

Raphael Finkel, Jargon File

William F. Friedman, cryptologist

Herbert Gelernter, artificial intelligence; father of Unabomber victim David Gelernter

Seymour Ginsburg, formal language theory

Richard D. Gitlin, co-inventor of the digital Subscriber Line (DSL)

Adele Goldberg, Smalltalk design team

Herman and Adele Goldstine (born Katz), developers of ENIAC

Shafi Goldwasser, Israeli-American cryptographer, Turing Award (2013)

Philip Greenspun, web applications

Frank Heart co-designed the first routing computer for the ARPANET, the forerunner of the internet.

Martin Hellman, public key cryptography, co-inventor of the Diffie–Hellman key exchange protocol, Turing Award (2015)

James Hendler, semantic web

Douglas Hofstadter, academic and author (half Jewish), son of Nobel Prize-winning physicist Robert Hofstadter

Bob Kahn, co-invented TCP and IP, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Turing Award (2004)

Richard M. Karp, computational complexity, Turing Award (1985)

John Kemeny, Hungarian-born co-developer of BASIC

Leonard Kleinrock, packet switching

Joseph Kruskal, Kruskal's algorithm

Solomon Kullback, cryptographer

Ray Kurzweil, OCR, speech recognition

Jaron Lanier, virtual reality pioneer

Leonid Levin, Soviet Ukraine-born computer scientist, computational complexity; Knuth Prize (2012)

Barbara Liskov (born Huberman), first woman to be granted a doctorate in computer science in the United States, Turing Award (2008)

Herman Lukoff, helped develop ENIAC and UNIVAC

Udi Manber, Israeli-American computer scientist; agrep, GLIMPSE, suffix array, search engines

John McCarthy, artificial intelligence, LISP programming language, Turing Award (1971)

Jack Minker, database logic

Marvin Minsky, artificial intelligence, neural nets, Turing Award (1969); co-founder of MIT's AI laboratory

John von Neumann (born Neumann János Lajos), Hungarian-American computer scientist, mathematician and economist

Seymour Papert, South African-born co-inventor — with Wally Feurzeig and Cynthia Solomon — of the Logo programming language

Judea Pearl, Israeli-American AI scientist, developer of Bayesian networks; father of Daniel Pearl, who was kidnapped and later beheaded by rebels in Pakistan

Ken Perlin, Perlin noise

Alan J. Perlis, compilers, Turing Award (1966)

Lawrence Rabiner, Digital signal processing, Speech processing

Frank Rosenblatt, invented an artificial intelligence program called "Perceptrons" (1960)

Azriel Rosenfeld, image analysis

Bruce Schneier, cryptographer, author, founder of Counterpane Internet Security, Inc.

Ben Shneiderman, human-computer interaction, information visualization

Herbert A. Simon, cognitive and computer scientist, Turing Award (1975)

Abraham Sinkov, cryptanalyst, NSA Hall of Honor (1999)

Daniel Sleator, splay trees (Jewish mother)

Gustave Solomon, mathematician and electrical engineer who was one of the founders of the algebraic theory of error detection and correction

Ray Solomonoff, algorithmic information theory

Richard Stallman, designed the GNU operating system, founder of the Free Software Foundation (FSF)

Warren Teitelman, autocorrect, Undo/Redo, Interlisp

Jeffrey Ullman, compilers, theory of computation, data-structures, databases, awarded Knuth Prize (2000)

Peter J. Weinberger, contributed to the design of the AWK programming language (he is the "W" in AWK), and the FORTRAN compiler FORTRAN 77

Joseph Weizenbaum, German-born computer scientist; developer of ELIZA; the Weizenbaum Award is named after him

Norbert Wiener, cybernetics

Terry Winograd, SHRDLU

Jacob Wolfowitz, Polish-born information theorist

Stephen Wolfram, British-American computer scientist, designer of the Wolfram Language

Lotfi Zadeh, Azerbaijan SSR-born inventor of Fuzzy logic (Jewish mother, Azerbaijani father)

Microsoft Store

Microsoft Store is a chain of retail stores and an online shopping site, owned and operated by Microsoft and dealing in computers, computer software and consumer electronics.

The Microsoft Store offers Signature PCs and tablets like the Microsoft Surface and from third parties such as HP, Acer, Dell, Lenovo, and VAIO without demos or trialware (pre-installed free trials of certain third-party software that expire after a limited time). It also offers Windows (most retail versions), Microsoft Office and Xbox One game consoles, games and services including on-site Xbox diagnostics. The Answers Desk helps to answer questions related to Windows, Office, and other Microsoft products. The stores also offer class sessions as well as individual appointments.

The first two Microsoft Stores opened within a week of the Windows 7 launch, in Scottsdale, Arizona and Mission Viejo, California. Additional stores have since opened in California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Texas and Washington. At the 2011 Professional Developers Conference, Microsoft announced that they intend to open 75 new stores in the next three years.The first store outside the U.S. (and the first of eight stores in Canada) opened in Toronto on November 16, 2012 while the first store outside North America (and first store in Asia-Pacific and second flagship store) opened in Sydney, Australia on November 12, 2015 In September 2017, the company announced a store on Regent Street in London, United Kingdom .

Microsoft Teams

Microsoft Teams is a unified communications platform that combines persistent workplace chat, video meetings, file storage (including collaboration on files), and application integration. The service integrates with the company's Office 365 subscription office productivity suite and features extensions that can integrate with non-Microsoft products. Microsoft Teams is a competitor to services such as Slack and is the evolution and upgrade path from Microsoft Skype for Business.

Microsoft announced Teams at an event in New York, and launched the service worldwide on 14 March 2017. It was created, and is currently led, by Brian MacDonald, Corporate Vice President at Microsoft.

Practice theory

Practice theory is a theory of how social beings, with their diverse motives and their diverse intentions, make and transform the world which they live in. It is a dialectic between social structure and human agency working back and forth in a dynamic relationship.

Practice theory, as outlined by Sherry Ortner, "seeks to explain the relationship(s) that obtain between human action, on the one hand, and some global entity which we call 'the system' on the other".

The approach seeks to resolve the antinomy between traditional structuralist approaches and approaches such as methodological individualism which attempted to explain all social phenomena in terms of individual actions.

Satya Nadella

Satya Narayana Nadella (; born 19 August 1967) is an Indian American business executive. He currently serves as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Microsoft, succeeding Steve Ballmer in 2014. Before becoming chief executive, he was Executive Vice President of Microsoft's Cloud and Enterprise Group, responsible for building and running the company's computing platforms.

Surface Studio

The Surface Studio is an all-in-one PC, designed and produced by Microsoft as part of its Surface series of Windows-based personal computing devices. It was announced at the Windows 10 Devices Event on October 26, 2016, with pre-orders beginning that day.The first desktop computer to be manufactured entirely by Microsoft, the Surface Studio uses the Windows 10 operating system with the Anniversary Update preinstalled. However, it is optimized for the Windows 10 Creators Update, which was released on April 11, 2017. The product, starting at $2,999, is aimed primarily at people in creative professions such as graphic artists and designers.


A talisman is an object that someone believes holds magical properties that bring good luck to the possessor or protect the possessor from evil or harm. According to the organization Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a talisman is defined as "a magical figure charged with the force which it is intended to represent."

Wendell Brown

Wendell Brown is an American computer scientist, entrepreneur and inventor best known for his innovations in Telecommunications and Internet Technology, Cybersecurity, Smartphone app development, and the Internet of Things. Brown has founded multiple notable technology companies including Teleo, LiveOps and eVoice.


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