Tehuelchesaurus

Tehuelchesaurus (tay-WAYL-chay-SAWR-us) is a genus of dinosaur. It is named in honor of the Tehuelche people, native to the Argentinian province of Chubut, where it was first found.[1]

Tehuelchesaurus
Temporal range: Oxfordian-Tithonian
~160–150 Ma
Tehuelchesaurus benetezii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Sauropoda
Clade: Camarasauridae
Genus: Tehuelchesaurus
Rich et al. 1999
Species:
T. benetezii
Binomial name
Tehuelchesaurus benetezii
Rich et al. 1999

Description

It was a moderately large (?15 metres (49 ft) long) cetiosaur-like sauropod found in the Late Jurassic (Tithonian) Cañadon Calcareo Formation at Fernandez Estancia, Chubut Province, Patagonia, Argentina; known from a 50% complete skeleton (Holotype: MPEF-PV 1125 (Museo Paleontologico Egidio Fergulio)), lacking a skull, but including dorsal, sacral and caudal vertebrae, parts of the forelimbs and hindlimbs, parts of the shoulder girdle and pelvis, some rib fragments, and skin impressions.[1]

Tehuelchesaurus is most similar to Omeisaurus from the Middle Jurassic of China, but is distinguished by the shape of the coracoid, the stouter radius and ulna, and the shapes of the pubis and ischium; all the dorsal vertebrae have pseudopleurocoels (deep depressions in the centra but without internal chambers) and opisthocoelous centra, unlike in Barapasaurus and Patagosaurus. The length of the entire neck and tail are not known, but based on other proportions (humerus 1.14 metres (3.7 ft) long; femur 1.53 metres (5.0 ft) long; scapula 1.75 metres (5.7 ft) long; ischium 1.01 metres (3.3 ft) long; ilium 1.12 metres (3.7 ft); pubis 94.3 centimetres (37.1 in) long), Tehuelchesaurus was probably about 15 metres (49 ft) long. It was discovered by Rich, Vickers-Rich, Gimenez, Cuneo, Puerta & Vacca in 1999.[1]

Type species: Tehuelchesaurus benitezii [bay-nee-TAY-see-ie] Rich, Vickers-Rich, Gimenez, Cuneo, Puerta & Vacca: for Aldo Benitez, who discovered the holotype.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Carballido, J.L.; Rauhut, O.W.M.; Pol, D.; Salgado, L. (2011). "Osteology and phylogenetic relationships of Tehuelchesaurus benitezii (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Upper Jurassic of Patagonia". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 163 (2): 605–662. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2011.00723.x.

Further reading

  • T. H. Rich, P. Vickers-Rich, O. Gimenez, R. Cúneo, P. Puerta and R. Vacca. 1999. A new sauropod dinosaur from Chubut province, Argentina. Proceedings of the Second Gondwanan Dinosaur Symposium, National Science Museum Monographs 15:61-84
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