Tehsil

A tehsil (also known as a taluka, taluq) is an administrative division in some countries of South Asia. It is an area of land within a city or town that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns, and usually a number of villages.[1] The terms in India have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana, pergunnah and thannah.[2]

In some states of India, a newer unit called mandal has come to replace the system of tehsils. A mandal is generally smaller than a tehsil, and is meant for facilitating local self-government in the panchayat system. Some states retain both the tehsil and mandal levels of administration.[3]

As an entity of local government, the tehsil office (panchayat samiti) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. The chief official is called the tahsildar or, less officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar or tehsildar. Taluk or tehsil can be considered sub-districts in the Indian context. In some instances, tehsils overlap with "blocks" (panchayat union blocks or panchayat development blocks) and come under the land and revenue department, headed by tehsildar; and blocks come under the rural development department, headed by the block development officer and serve different government administrative functions over the same or similar geographical area.[4]

Although they may on occasion share the same area with a subdivision of a revenue division, known as revenue blocks, the two are distinct. For example, Raipur district in Chhattisgarh state is administratively divided into 13 tehsils and 15 revenue blocks.[5] Nevertheless, the two are often conflated.

Tehsil/tahsil and taluka and their variants are used as English words without further translation. Since these terms are unfamiliar to English speakers outside the subcontinent, the word county has sometimes been provided as a gloss, on the basis that a tehsil, like a county, is an administrative unit hierarchically above the local city, town, or village, but subordinate to a larger state or province. India and Pakistan have an intermediate level of hierarchy (or more than one, at least in parts of India): the district, also sometimes translated as county. In neither case is the analogy very exact.

India

India, as a vast country, is subdivided into many states and union territories for administrative purposes. Further divisions of these states are known as districts. These districts (jilla/zilla) are again divided into many subdivisions, viz tehsils or talukas. These subdivisions are again divided into gram panchayats or village panchayaths.[6] Initially, this was done for collecting land revenue and administration purposes. But now these subdivisions of areas to be governed is followed by other departments of government like education, agriculture, irrigation, health, police, etc. The different departments of state government generally have offices at tehsil or taluka level to facilitate good governance and to provide facilities to common people easily.

In India, the term tehsil is commonly used in all states. In some of the states, such as Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, taluka or taluk is more common.[7] The word mandal is used predominantly in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. In eastern India, instead of tehsils the term community development block is used. Tehsildar is the chief or key government officer of each tehsil or taluka.[8] In some states different nomenclature like talukdar, mamledar, amaldar, mandal officer is used. In many states of India, the tehsildar works as a magistrate. Each taluka will have an office called taluka office or tehsil office or tehsildar office at a designated place within taluka area known as taluka headquarters. Tehsildar is the incharge of taluka office. This is similar to district office or district collector at district level.

Throughout India, there is a three-tier local body/Panchayati Raj system within the state. At the top is the jilla/zilla panchayat (parishad). Taluka/Mandal Panchayat is the second layer of this system and below them are the gram panchayats or village panchayats. These panchayats at all the three levels have elected members from eligible voters of particular subdivision. These elected members form the bodies which help the administration in policy making, development works and bringing grievances of the common public to the notice of administration.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, the term tehsil is generally used, except in Sindh, where the term taluko (Sindhi: تعلقو‎) predominates, e.g., Larkana Taluko.[9] The tehsil is the second-lowest tier of local government in Pakistan; each tehsil is part of a larger district (zila/zillah). Each tehsil is subdivided into a number of union councils.

In Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, tehsil has the same meaning as above, except in Malakand Division, where a district (zila/zillah) has two or more subdivisions, and a subdivision has two or more tehsils. The subdivisions in Malakand Division are the same as tehsils in the rest of the country.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "tehsil – Definition of tehsil in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries – English.
  2. ^ Dutt, Ashok K.; Noble, Allen G.; Costa, Frank J.; Thakur, Sudhir K.; Thakur, Rajiv; Sharma, Hari S. (15 October 2015). "Spatial Diversity and Dynamics in Resources and Urban Development: Volume 1: Regional Resources". Springer – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Rajiv Balakrishnan (2007), Participatory Pathways: People's Participation in Development Initiatives, Pearson Education India, pp. 65–, ISBN 978-81-317-0034-1
  4. ^ Sharma, A. K. (2012). Population and Society. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 978-81-8069-818-7. The main purpose of the census is to provide data on size and composition of population of India and its geographic divisions, i.e., population of different states and union territories, districts, blocks and villages.
  5. ^ Rahman, Syed Amanur, ed. (2006). The Beautiful India: Chhatisgarh. New Delhi: Reference Press. p. 34]. ISBN 978-81-8405-017-2.
  6. ^ "class six civics pacnhayati raj". www.excellup.com.
  7. ^ "taluk". dictionary.com. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  8. ^ https://www.nextgurukul.in/wiki/concept/tamilnadu/class-6/civics/the-local-government/rural-administration/3959574
  9. ^ Taluka Municipal Administration Larkana – Government of Sindh Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Report, Bureau (23 July 2009). "14 Malakand tehsils made subdivisions". DAWN.COM.

External links

  • 2001 maps provides maps of social, economic and demographic data of India in 2001
Baramati taluka

Baramati taluka is a taluka in Baramati subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Bhor tehsil

Bhor taluka is a taluka in Haveli subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Indapur taluka

Indapur taluka is a taluka in Baramati subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Junnar taluka

Junnar taluka is a taluka (subdivision) of the Pune district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is northernmost taluka of the District.The area is well known for two of the Ashtavinayak temples at Lenyadri and Ozar respectively. The taluka is also the home of Shivneri Fort, GMRT (Khodad), and Vikram Sarabhai Earth Station at Arvi. There is also a tomb(Samadhi) at Ale of the buffalo that recited Vedas when requested by the 12th century Sant {{Dnyaneshwar]].The five main dams are named Yedgaon]], Pimapalgaon Joga, ManikDoha, Chilhewadi and [Wadaj. An ancient place called Naneghat is there. It is known for historical evidence that was written in Bramhi Lipi, on the walls of the caves. Darya Ghat is 25 km from Junnar City.

Kapurthala district

Kapurthala district is a district of Punjab state in northern India. The city of Kapurthala is the district headquarters.

Kapurthala District is one of the smallest districts of Punjab in terms of both area and population, with 754,521 people by the 2001 census. The district is divided into two noncontiguous parts, the main Kapurthala-Sultanpur Lodhi portion and the Phagwara tehsil or block.

The Kapurthala-Sultanpur Lodhi part lies between north latitude 31° 07' and 31° 22' and east longitude 75° 36'. In the north it is bound by Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, and Amritsar districts, in the west by the Beas River and Amritsar district, and in south by the Sutlej River, Jalandhar district, and Hoshiarpur district.

Phagwara tehsil lies between north latitude 31° 22' and east longitude 75° 40' and 75° 55'. Phagwara lies on the National Highway No 1, and the tehsil is much more industrially developed than the remainder of Kapurthala District. Phagwara is situated at a distance of 19 kilometers (12 mi) southwest of Jalandhar, and the tehsil is bounded on all sides by Jalandhar District except in the northeast, where it is bounded by Hoshiarpur district.

The district has three subdivisions/tehsils: Kapurthala, Phagwara, and Sultanpur Lodhi. The total area of the district is 1633 km² (630 mi²) of which 909.09 km² (350.91 mi²) is in Kapurthala tehsil, 304.05 km² (117.36 mi²) in Phagwara tehsil and 451.0 km² (174.1 mi²) in Sultanpur Lodhi tehsil. The economy of the district is still predominantly agricultural. The major crops are wheat, rice, sugarcane, potato and maize. The major portion of Kapurthala district lies between the Beas River and the Kali-Bein River and is called the ‘BET’ area. This area is prone to floods. Water logging and alkalinity in the soil is the major problem of the area. A flood protection bundh called ‘Dhussi Bundh’ has been constructed along the left bank of the Beas River, and it has saved the area from the ravages of flood. The entire district is an alluvial plain. To the south of the river Kali-Bein lies the tract known as ‘Dona’ meaning the soil formed of two constituents i.e. the sand and clay.

The climate is typical of the Punjab plains i.e. hot in summers and cold in winters. It has sub-tropical continental monsoon type climate. Intensive cultivation in the district leaves no scope for forest cover and wildlife is practically nonexistent.

Khed taluka

Rajgurunagar (Khed) is a taluka in the Khed subdivision of Pune district of the state of Maharashtra in India. Rajgurunagar (Khed) is the headquarter of the taluka. The taluka is known for being the birthplace of Santaji Jagnade.

Khushab District

Khushab District (Urdu: ضِلع خُوشاب‎) is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan, with its administrative capital in Jauharabad. The district is named after the historical city of Khushab located within its boundaries. According to the 1998 census, the population was 905,711 with 24.76% living in urban areas. The district consists of four tehsils, Khushab, Noorpur Thal, Quaidabad and Naushera. Khushab is home to the Heavy Water and Natural Uranium Research Reactor, part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program.

List of Regional Transport Office districts in India

This is a list of the Indian Regional Transport Offices and the assigned codes for vehicle registration. These are broken down to states or Union Territories and their districts.

The offices are all belonging to a certain type:

ARTO : Additional Transport Office

AssRTO : Assistant Regional Transport Office

DTC : Deputy Transport Commissioner

DTO : District Transport Office

DyDZO : Deputy Directorate Zonal Office

DyRTO : Deputy Regional Transport Office

JtRTO : Joint Regional Transport Officer

JTC : Joint Transport Commissioner

LA : Licensing Authority

MVI : Motor Vehicle Inspector

PVD : Public Vehicles Department

RLA : Regional Licensing Authority

RTA : Regional Transport Authority

RTO : Regional Transport Office

SDivO : Subdivisional Office

SDM : Subdivisional Magistrate

SRTO : Sub Regional Transport Office

STA : State Transport Authority

UO : Unit Office

WIAA : Western India Automobile Associationin maharashtra get a new rto code no. 51-nashik rural

List of tehsils in India

Tehsil also tahsil is an administrative divisions of India denoting a sub-district. Tehsils are also referred to as talukas, sub-divisions, mandals, circles headed by a Tehsildar or Talukdar or MRO. Tehsils can consist of multiple villages and a few towns. The Panchayat samitis are usually the administrative governing bodies of the tehsils.

Mawal taluka

Mawal taluka is a taluka in Mawal subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India. The area's name is also spelled as Maval.

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, the taluka comprised 187 villages, a figure that was unchanged from 2001. There were also three census towns at that time - Wadagaon, Khadkale and Kusgaon Budruk. The census towns had their own governing bodies, whilst the gram panchayats which governed the villages numbered 100; there were two villages - Ahirvade and Kamshet - which had no official governing body.

Mulshi taluka

Mulshi taluka is a taluka in Maval subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India. Mulshi consisted of Pune Metropolitan Region & Villages.

Murree Tehsil

Murree Tehsil (Urdu: تحصیل مری‎) is one of the seven Tehsils (i.e. sub-divisions) of Rawalpindi District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Murree Tehsil is located in the northernmost part of Punjab province where it borders the North West Frontier Province. The hill resort city of Murree is the capital city of this area.

Muzaffarnagar district

Muzaffarnagar district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is the part of National Capital Region.

Neyyattinkara (tehsil)

Neyyattinkara Taluk is a Taluk (tehsil) in Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala. It situated in the Southern part of the Thiruvananthapuram district. It comprises 21 villages and one municipality. It is the southernmost taluk in the state.

Panchayat samiti (block)

Panchayat samiti (also known as Mandal panchayat, taluka panchayat, block panchayat) are rural local governments (panchayats) at the intermediate level in panchayat raj institutions (PRI).

It has been said to be the "panchayat of panchayats".The 73rd Amendment defines the levels of panchayati raj institution as :

District (or apex) level

Intermediate level

Base levelThey operate at the tehsil (taluka) level and govern the villages of the tehsil that together are called a development block. The panchayat samiti is the link between the gram panchayat (village council) and the zila parishad (district board). The name varies across states: mandal parishad in Andhra Pradesh, taluka panchayat in Gujarat, and mandal panchayat in Karnataka.

Purandar taluka

Purandar taluka (Marathi: पुरंदर तालुका), is a taluka in Bhor subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Sargodha District

Sargodha District (Urdu: ضِلع سرگودها‎), is a district of Punjab, Pakistan. The capital of the district is Sargodha. It is an agricultural district, wheat, rice, and sugarcane being its main crops. The Sargodha district and region is also famous for citrus fruit including Kinnow, orange and lemon. The district has an area of 5,864 km2.

Shirur taluka

Shirur taluka (Marathi: शिरूर तालुका), is a taluka in Haveli subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.Shirur, Maharashtra

Velhe taluka

Velhe taluka (Marathi: वेल्हे तालुका Vēlhē tālukā), is a taluka in Haveli subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

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