Tehsil

A tehsil (also known as a taluk, taluq or taluka) is an administrative division in some countries of South Asia. It is an area of land with a city or town that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns, and usually a number of villages.[1] The terms in India have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana, pergunnah and thannah,[2] used under Delhi Sultanate and the British Raj.

As an entity of local government, the tehsil office (panchayat samiti) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. The chief official is called the tahsildar or, less officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar or tehsildar. Taluk or tehsil can be considered sub-districts in Indian context. In some instances, tehsils overlap with "blocks" (panchayat union blocks or panchayat development blocks) and come under the land and revenue department, headed by tehsildar; and blocks come under the rural development department, headed by the block development officer and serve different government administrative functions over the same or similar geographical area.[3]

Although they may on occasion share the same area with a subdivision of a revenue divisions, known as revenue blocks, the two are distinct. For example, Raipur district in Chhattisgarh state is administratively divided into 13 tehsils and 15 revenue blocks.[4] Nevertheless, the two are often conflated.

Tehsil/tahsil and taluka and their variants are used as English words without further translation. Since these terms are unfamiliar to English speakers outside the subcontinent, the word county has sometimes been provided as a gloss, on the basis that a tehsil, like a county, is an administrative unit hierarchically above the local city, town, or village, but subordinate to a larger state or province. India and Pakistan have an intermediate level of hierarchy (or more than one, at least in parts of India): the district, also sometimes translated as county. In neither case is the analogy very exact.

India

India, as a vast country, is subdivided into many states and union territories for administrative purpose. Further divisions of these states are done into districts. These districts (jilla/zilla) are again divided into many subdivisions, viz tehsils or talukas. These subdivisions are again divided into gram panchayats or village panchayaths.[5] Initially, this was done for collecting land revenue and administration purposes. But now these subdivisions of areas to be governed is followed by other departments of government like education, agriculture, irrigation, health, police, etc. The different departments of state government generally have offices at tehsil or taluka level to facilitate good governance and to provide facilities to common people easily.

In India, the term tehsil is used to some extent in all states. In some, such as Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu, taluk or taluka is more common.[6] The word mandal is used predominantly in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. In eastern India, instead of tehsils the term community development block is used. Tehsildar is the chief or key government officer of each tehsil or taluk.[7] In some states different nomenclature like talukdar, amaldar, mandal officer is used. In many states of India, the tehsildar works as a magistrate. Each taluka will have an office called taluka office or tehsil office or tehsildar office at designated place within taluka area called as taluka headquarters. Tehsildar is the incharge of taluka office. This is similar to district office or district collector at district level.

Throughout India, there is a three-tier local body/Panchayati Raj system within the state. At the top is the jilla/zilla panchayath (parishad). Taluka/Mandal Panchayat is the second layer of this system and below them are the gram panchayats or village panchayats. These panchayaths at all the three levels have elected members from eligible voters of particular subdivision. These elected member form the bodies which help administration in policy making, development works, bringing grievances of common public to the notice of administration.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, the term tehsil is generally used, except in Sindh, where the term taluko (Sindhi: تعلقو‎) predominates, e.g., Larkana Taluko.[8] The tehsil is the second-lowest tier of local government in Pakistan; each tehsil is part of a larger district (zila/zillah). Each tehsil is subdivided into a number of union councils.

In Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, tehsil has the same meaning as above, except in Malakand Division, where a district (zila/zillah) has two or more subdivisions, and a subdivision has two or more tehsils. The subdivisions in Malakand Division are the same as tehsils in the rest of the country.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "tehsil - Definition of tehsil in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.
  2. ^ Dutt, Ashok K.; Noble, Allen G.; Costa, Frank J.; Thakur, Sudhir K.; Thakur, Rajiv; Sharma, Hari S. (15 October 2015). "Spatial Diversity and Dynamics in Resources and Urban Development: Volume 1: Regional Resources". Springer – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Sharma, A. K. (2012). Population and Society. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 978-81-8069-818-7. The main purpose of the census is to provide data on size and composition of population of India and its geographic divisions, i.e., population of different states and union territories, districts, blocks and villages.
  4. ^ Rahman, Syed Amanur, ed. (2006). The Beautiful India: Chhatisgarh. New Delhi: Reference Press. p. 34]. ISBN 978-81-8405-017-2.
  5. ^ "class six civics pacnhayati raj". www.excellup.com.
  6. ^ "taluk". dictionary.com. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  7. ^ https://www.nextgurukul.in/wiki/concept/tamilnadu/class-6/civics/the-local-government/rural-administration/3959574
  8. ^ Taluka Municipal Administration Larkana - Government of Sindh Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Report, Bureau (23 July 2009). "14 Malakand tehsils made subdivisions". DAWN.COM.

External links

  • 2001 maps provides maps of social, economic and demographic data of India in 2001
Administrative divisions of India

The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions. Indian states and territories frequently use different local titles for the same level of subdivision (e.g., the mandals of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana correspond to tehsils of Uttar Pradesh and other Hindi-speaking states but to talukas of Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu).The smaller subdivisions (villages and blocks) exist only in rural areas. In urban areas, urban local bodies exist instead of these rural subdivisions.

Baramati taluka

Baramati taluka is a taluka in Baramati subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Bhor tehsil

Bhor taluka is a taluka in Haveli subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Haveli taluka

Haveli taluka is a taluka (subdivision) of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India. The city of Pune is at the center of this taluka. The ever expanding

Pune metropolitan area has now claimed major part of this taluka as well as the surrounding talukas. From being a rural area surrounding the city of Pune, major parts of the taluka have become sub-urban in nature in the span of last fifty years.

Kallar Syedan Tehsil

Kallar Syedan tehsil is a tehsil in the Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan. Earlier a part of the Kahuta Tehsil, it became a separate tehsil on 1 July 2004.

Kallar Syedan is the capital of the tehsil.

Kapurthala district

Kapurthala district is a district of Punjab state in northern Republic of India. The city of Kapurthala is the district headquarters.

Kapurthala District is one of the smallest districts of Punjab in terms of both area and population, with 754,521 people by the 2001 census. The district is divided into two noncontiguous parts, the main Kapurthala-Sultanpur Lodhi portion and the Phagwara tehsil or block.

The Kapurthala-Sultanpur Lodhi part lies between north latitude 31° 07' and 31° 22' and east longitude 75° 36'. In the north it is bound by Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, and Amritsar districts, in the west by the Beas River and Amritsar district, and in south by the Sutlej River, Jalandhar district, and Hoshiarpur district.

Phagwara tehsil lies between north latitude 31° 22' and east longitude 75° 40' and 75° 55'. Phagwara lies on the National Highway No 1, and the tehsil is much more industrially developed than the remainder of Kapurthala District. Phagwara is situated at a distance of 19 kilometers (12 mi) southwest of Jalandhar, and the tehsil is bounded on all sides by Jalandhar District except in the northeast, where it is bounded by Hoshiarpur district.

The district has three subdivisions/tehsils: Kapurthala, Phagwara, and Sultanpur Lodhi. The total area of the district is 1633 km² (630 mi²) of which 909.09 km² (350.91 mi²) is in Kapurthala tehsil, 304.05 km² (117.36 mi²) in Phagwara tehsil and 451.0 km² (174.1 mi²) in Sultanpur Lodhi tehsil. The economy of the district is still predominantly agricultural. The major crops are wheat, rice, sugarcane, potato and maize. The major portion of Kapurthala district lies between the Beas River and the Kali-Bein River and is called the ‘BET’ area. This area is prone to floods. Water logging and alkalinity in the soil is the major problem of the area. A flood protection bundh called ‘Dhussi Bundh’ has been constructed along the left bank of the Beas River, and it has saved the area from the ravages of flood. The entire district is an alluvial plain. To the south of the river Kali-Bein lies the tract known as ‘Dona’ meaning the soil formed of two constituents i.e. the sand and clay.

The climate is typical of the Punjab plains i.e. hot in summers and cold in winters. It has sub-tropical continental monsoon type climate. Intensive cultivation in the district leaves no scope for forest cover and wildlife is practically nonexistent.

Khed taluka

Rajgurunagar (Khed) is a taluka in the Khed subdivision of Pune district of the state of Maharashtra in India. Rajgurunagar (Khed) is the headquarter of the taluka. The taluka is known for being the birthplace of Santaji Jagnade.

Khushab District

Khushab District (Urdu: ضِلع خُوشاب‬‎) is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan, with its administrative capital in Jauharabad. The district is named after the historical city of Khushab located within its boundaries. According to the 1998 census, the population was 905,711 with 24.76% living in urban areas. The district consists of four tehsils, Khushab, Noorpur Thal, Quaidabad and Naushera. Khushab is home to the Heavy Water and Natural Uranium Research Reactor, part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program.

List of Regional Transport Office districts in India

This is a list of the Indian Regional Transport Offices and the assigned codes for vehicle registration. These are broken down to states or Union Territories and their districts.

The offices are all belonging to a certain type:

ARTO : Additional Transport Office

AssRTO : Assistant Regional Transport Office

DTC : Deputy Transport Commissioner

DTO : District Transport Office

DyDZO : Deputy Directorate Zonal Office

DyRTO : Deputy Regional Transport Office

JTC : Joint Transport Commissioner

LA : Licensing Authority

MVI : Motor Vehicle Inspector

PVD : Public Vehicles Department

RLA : Regional Licensing Authority

RTA : Regional Transport Authority

RTO : Regional Transport Office

SDivO : Subdivisional Office

SDM : Subdivisional Magistrate

SRTO : Subdivisional Regional Transport Office

STA : State Transport Authority

UO : Unit Office

WIAA : Western India Automobile Association

Mawal taluka

Mawal taluka is a taluka in Mawal subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Mulshi taluka

Mulshi taluka is a taluka in Maval subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Murree Tehsil

Murree Tehsil (Urdu: تحصیل مری‎) is one of the seven Tehsils (i.e. sub-divisions) of Rawalpindi District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Murree Tehsil is located in the northernmost part of Punjab province where it borders the North West Frontier Province. The hill resort city of Murree is the capital city of this area.

Muzaffarnagar district

Muzaffarnagar district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is the part of National Capital Region.

Neyyattinkara (tehsil)

Neyyattinkara Taluk is a Taluk (tehsil) in Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala. It situated in the Southern part of the Thiruvananthapuram district. It comprises 21 villages and one municipality. It is the southernmost taluk in the state.

Panchayat samiti (block)

Mandals, taluka panchayats, block panchayats, or panchayat samiti are rural local governments (panchayats) at the intermediate level in panchayat raj institutions (PRI).

It has been said to be the "panchayat of panchayats".The 73rd Amendment defines the levels of panchayati raj institution as :

District (or apex) level

Intermediate level

Base levelThey operate at the tehsil (taluka) level and govern the villages of the tehsil that together are called a development block. The panchayat samiti is the link between the gram panchayat (village council) and the zila parishad (district board). The name varies across states: mandal praja parishad in Andhra Pradesh, taluka panchayat in Gujarat, and mandal panchayat in Karnataka.

Pune City taluka

Pune City taluka (Marathi: पुणे शहर तालुका), is a taluka in Haveli subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.This taluka is the administrative block for the City of Pune as defined by the State of Maharashtra. The local governance of the City of Pune is governed by the Pune Municipal Corporation, while the taluka officials are appointed by the State Govt. The Pune municipal corporation cannot grow beyond the boundaries of the Pune City taluka.

Purandar taluka

Purandar taluka (Marathi: पुरंदर तालुका), is a taluka in Bhor subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Shirur taluka

Shirur taluka (Marathi: शिरूर तालुका), is a taluka in Haveli subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.Shirur, Maharashtra

Velhe taluka

Velhe taluka (Marathi: वेल्हे तालुका Vēlhē tālukā), is a taluka in Haveli subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India.

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