Ted Turner

Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media mogul and philanthropist. As a businessman, he is known as founder of the Cable News Network (CNN), the first 24-hour cable news channel. In addition, he founded WTBS, which pioneered the superstation concept in cable television, which later on became TBS.

As a philanthropist, he is known for his $1 billion gift to support the United Nations, which created the United Nations Foundation, a public charity to broaden domestic support for the UN. Turner serves as Chairman of the United Nations Foundation board of directors.[2] Additionally, in 2001, Turner co-founded the Nuclear Threat Initiative with US Senator Sam Nunn (D-GA). NTI is a non-partisan organization dedicated to reducing global reliance on, and preventing the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. He currently serves as Co-Chairman of the Board of Directors.

Turner's media empire began with his father's billboard business, Turner Outdoor Advertising, which he took over in 1963 after his father's suicide.[3] It was worth $1 million. His purchase of an Atlanta UHF station in 1970 began the Turner Broadcasting System. CNN revolutionized news media, covering the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster in 1986 and the Persian Gulf War in 1991. Turner turned the Atlanta Braves baseball team into a nationally popular franchise and launched the charitable Goodwill Games. He helped revive interest in professional wrestling by buying World Championship Wrestling (WCW). Turner's penchant for controversial statements earned him the nicknames "The Mouth of the South" and "Captain Outrageous".[4][5] Turner has also devoted his assets to environmental causes. He was the largest private landowner in the United States until John C. Malone surpassed him in 2011.[6][7] He uses much of his land for ranches to re-popularize bison meat (for his Ted's Montana Grill chain), amassing the largest herd in the world. He also created the environmental-themed animated series Captain Planet and the Planeteers.[8]

Ted Turner
Ted Turner
Turner in 1999
Born
Robert Edward Turner III

November 19, 1938 (age 80)
Alma materBrown University
Occupation
Known for
Home townAtlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Net worthUS$2.2 billion (November 2018)[1]
Spouse(s)
Julia Gale Nye
(m. 1960; div. 1964)

Jane Shirley Smith
(m. 1965; div. 1988)

Jane Fonda
(m. 1991; div. 2001)
Children5
Websitewww.tedturner.com

Early life

Turner was born on November 19, 1938 in Cincinnati, Ohio,[9] the son of Florence (née Rooney) and Robert Edward Turner II, a billboard magnate.[10] When he was nine, his family moved to Savannah, Georgia. He attended The McCallie School, a private boys' preparatory school in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Turner attended Brown University and was vice-president of the Brown Debating Union and captain of the sailing team. He became a member of Kappa Sigma. Turner initially majored in Classics. Turner's father wrote saying that his choice made him "appalled, even horrified", and that he "almost puked".[11] Turner later changed his major to Economics, but before receiving a degree, he was expelled for having a female student in his dormitory room.[12] Turner was awarded an honorary B.A. from Brown University in November 1989 when he returned to campus to keynote the National Association of College Broadcasters second annual conference.

Business career

WTBS

After leaving Brown University, Turner returned to the South in late 1960 to become general manager of the Macon, Georgia branch of his father's business. Following his father's March 1963 suicide, Turner became president and chief executive of Turner Advertising Company when he was 24[3] and turned the firm into a global enterprise. He joined the Young Republicans, saying he "felt at ease among these budding conservatives and was merely following in Ed Turner's far-right footsteps," according to It Ain't As Easy As It Looks.

Международная Леонардо-премия 10.1

During the Vietnam War Era, Turner's business prospered; it had "virtual monopolies in Savannah, Macon, Columbus, and Charleston" and was the "largest outdoor advertising company in the Southeast," according to It Ain't As Easy As It Looks. The book observed that Turner "discovered his father had sheltered a substantial amount of taxable income over the years by personally lending it back to the company" and "discovered that the billboard business could be a gold mine, a tax-depreciable revenue stream that threw off enormous amounts of cash with almost no capital investment."

In the late 1960s, Turner began buying Southern radio stations.[13] In 1969, he sold his radio stations to buy a struggling television station in Atlanta, WJRJ, Channel 17. At the time, UHF stations did well only in markets without VHF stations, like Fresno, California, or in markets with only one station on VHF. Independent UHF stations were not ratings winners or that profitable even in larger markets, but Turner had the foresight that this would change as people wanted more than several choices. He changed the call sign to WTCG (standing for "Watch This Channel Grow"). Initially, the station ran old movies from the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, along with theatrical cartoons and very old sitcoms and old drama shows. As better syndicated product fell off the VHF stations, Turner would acquire it for his station at a very low price. WTCG ran mostly second- and even third-hand programming of the time, including fare such as Gilligan's Island, I Love Lucy, Star Trek, Hazel, and Bugs Bunny. WTCG acquired rights to telecast the Atlanta Braves baseball games in 1973. Turner also purchased UHF Channel 36 WRET (now WCNC) in Charlotte, North Carolina and ran it with a format similar to WTCG.

In 1976, the FCC allowed WTCG to use a satellite to transmit content to local cable TV providers around the nation. On December 17, 1976, the rechristened WTCG-TV Super-Station began to broadcast old movies, situation comedy reruns, cartoons, and sports nationwide to cable-TV subscribers. As cable systems developed, many carried his station to free their schedules, which increased his viewers and advertising. The number of subscribers eventually reached 2 million and Turner's net worth rose to $100 million. He bought a 5,000-acre (20 km2) plantation in Jacksonboro, South Carolina, for $2 million.

In 1978, Turner struck a deal with a student-operated radio station at MIT, Technology Broadcasting System, to obtain the rights to the WTBS call sign for $50,000. Such a move allowed Turner to strengthen the branding of his "Super-Station" using the initials TBS. Turner Communications Group was renamed Turner Broadcasting System and WTCG was renamed WTBS.

In 1976, Turner bought the Atlanta Braves and Atlanta Hawks, partially to provide programming for WTCG. Using the rechristened WTBS superstation's status to beam Braves games into nearly every home in North America, Turner turned the Braves into a household name even before their run of success in the 1990s and early 2000s. At one point, he suggested to pitcher Andy Messersmith, who wore number 17, that he change his surname to "Channel" to promote the television station.[14]

In 1986, Turner founded the Goodwill Games. Broadcasting the events of these games provided his superstation the ability to provide Olympic-style sports programming that had been offered by only the three major networks (ABC, CBS and NBC) up to that time.

Turner Field, first used for the 1996 Summer Olympics as Centennial Olympic Stadium and then converted into a baseball-only facility for the Braves, was named after him.

CNN

DIG13755-3677
Turner and CNN’s Wolf Blitzer, May 2015

In 1978, he contacted media executive Reese Schonfeld with his plans to found a 24-hour news channel (Schonfeld had previously approached Turner with the same proposition in 1977 but was rebuffed).[15] Schonfeld responded that it could be done with a staff of 300 if they used an all electronic newsroom and satellites for all transmissions.[15] It would require an initial investment of $15 million–$20 million and several million dollars per month to operate.[15] In 1979, Turner sold his North Carolina station, WRET, to fund the transaction and established its headquarters in lower-cost, non-union Atlanta.[15] Schonfeld was appointed first president and chief executive of the then-named Cable News Network (CNN).[15] CNN hired Jim Kitchell, former general manager of news at NBC as vice president of production and operations; Sam Zelman as vice president of news and executive producer; Bill MacPhail as head of sports, Ted Kavanau as director of personnel, and Burt Reinhardt as vice president of the network.[15] In 1982, Schonfeld was succeeded as CEO by Turner after a dispute over Schonfeld's firing of Sandi Freeman; and was succeeded as president by CNN's executive vice president, Burt Reinhardt.[16]

Turner famously stated: "We won't be signing off until the world ends. We'll be on, and we will cover the end of the world, live, and that will be our last event... we'll play Nearer, My God, to Thee before we sign off."

Other Ventures

In 1981, Turner Broadcasting System acquired Brut Productions from Faberge Inc.[17]

After a failed attempt to acquire CBS, Turner purchased the film studio MGM/UA Entertainment Co. from Kirk Kerkorian in 1986 for $1.5 billion. Following the acquisition, Turner had enormous debt and sold parts of the acquisition; Kerkorian bought back MGM/UA Entertainment. The MGM/UA Studio lot in Culver City was sold to Lorimar/Telepictures. Turner kept MGM's pre-May 1986 and pre-merger film and TV library[18]

Turner Entertainment Co. was established in August 1986 to oversee film and TV properties owned by Turner.

In 1988, Turner purchased Jim Crockett Promotions which he renamed World Championship Wrestling (WCW) which became the main competitor to Vince McMahon's World Wrestling Federation (WWF). In 2001, under AOL Time Warner, it was sold to the World Wrestling Federation.

Also in 1988, he introduced Turner Network Television (TNT) with Gone with the Wind. TNT, initially showing older movies and television shows, added original programs and newer reruns. TNT used World Championship Wrestling (WCW) to attract a broader audience.

In 1989, Turner created the Turner Tomorrow Fellowship for fiction offering positive solutions to global problems. The winner, from 2500 entries worldwide, was Daniel Quinn's Ishmael.

In 1992, the pre-May 1986 MGM library, which also included Warner Bros. properties including the early Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies libraries and also the Fleischer Studios and Famous Studios Popeye cartoons from Paramount (and then United Artists), became the core of Cartoon Network. A year before, Turner's companies purchased Hanna-Barbera Productions (whose longtime parent, Taft/Great American Broadcasting, had been headquartered in Turner's original hometown of Cincinnati), adding additional content. With the 1996 Time Warner merger, the channel's archives gained the later Warner Bros. cartoon library as well as other Time Warner-owned cartoons.

Vladimir Putin with Ted Turner-1
Turner with Vladimir Putin

In 1990, he created the Turner Foundation, which focuses on philanthropic grants in environment and population. In the same year he created Captain Planet, an environmental superhero. Turner produced two TV series with him as featured character.

In 1993, Turner and Russian journalist Eduard Sagalajev founded The Moscow Independent Broadcasting Corporation (MIBC). This corporation operated the sixth frequency in Russian television and founded the Russian channel TV-6. The company was later purchased by Russian businessman Boris Berezovsky and an unknown group of private persons. In 2007 the license for TV-6 had expired and there was no application for renewal.

Since its launch in late 1994, Turner Classic Movies (TCM) broadcast the older MGM, Warner Bros., and RKO libraries. In the mid-1980s, Turner became a force for the colorization of black-and-white films. In 1985, the film Yankee Doodle Dandy became the first black-and-white movie redistributed in color after computer coloring. Despite opposition by film aficionados, stars, and directors, the movie won over a section of the public,[19] and Turner colorized most of films he had owned. However, in the mid-1990s, the cost of colorization led Turner to abandon the idea. In contrast with TNT, TCM has shown the unaltered versions of films.

Time Warner merger

Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. merged with Time Warner, Inc. on October 10, 1996, with Turner as vice chairman and head of Time Warner and Turner's cable networks division.[20] Turner was dropped as head of cable networks by CEO Gerald Levin but remained as Vice Chairman of Time Warner. He resigned as Time Warner vice chairman in 2003 and then from the board of directors in 2006.

On January 11, 2001, Time Warner was purchased by AOL to become AOL Time Warner,[21] a merger which Turner initially supported.[22] However, the burst of the dotcom bubble hurt the growth and profitability of the AOL division, which in turn dragged down the combined company's performance and stock price. At a board meeting in fall 2001, Turner's outburst against AOL Time Warner CEO Gerald Levin eventually led to the Levin's announced resignation effective in early 2002, being replaced by Richard Parsons.[23] In contrast to Levin, who as CEO isolated Turner from important company matters, Parsons invited Turner back to provide strategic advice, although Turner never received an operational role that he sought. The company dropped "AOL" from its name in October 2003. In December 2009, AOL was spun off from the Time Warner conglomerate as a separate company.

Turner was Time Warner's biggest individual shareholder.[23] It is estimated he lost as much as $7 billion when the stock collapsed in the wake of the merger.[24] When asked about buying back his former assets, he replied that he "can't afford them now".[25] In June 2014 Rupert Murdoch's 21st Century Fox made a bid for the company valuing it at $80 billion. The Time Warner board rejected the offer and it was formally withdrawn on August 5, 2014.

Rivalry with Murdoch

Turner has had a long-running grudge with fellow cable magnate Rupert Murdoch for years. This originated in 1983 when a Murdoch-sponsored yacht collided with the yacht skippered by Turner, "Condor", during the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, causing it to run aground 6.2 miles (10.0 km) from the finish line.[26] At the post-race dinner, Turner verbally assaulted Murdoch, afterward challenging him to a televised fistfight in Las Vegas.

In 2003, Turner challenged Murdoch to another fistfight, and later on accused Murdoch of being a "warmonger", for his support and backing of President George W. Bush's invasion of Iraq.[27]

Atlanta Braves

For most of his first decade as owner of the Braves, Turner was a very hands-on owner. This peaked in 1977, his second year as owner. With the team mired in a 16-game losing streak, Turner sent manager Dave Bristol on a 10-day "scouting trip" and Turner himself took over as interim manager—the first owner/manager in the majors since Connie Mack. He ran the team for one game (a loss to the Pittsburgh Pirates) before National League president Chub Feeney ordered him to stop running the team. Feeney cited major league rules which bar managers and players from owning stock in their clubs. Turner appealed to Commissioner of Baseball Bowie Kuhn, and showed up to manage the Braves when they returned home. However, Kuhn turned down the appeal, citing Turner's "lack of familiarity with game operations."[28]

In the mid-1980s Turner began leaving day-to-day operations to the baseball operations staff, and in 1995 the team (still under Turner's ownership) won the World Series.

The Atlanta Braves were sold by Time Warner (which had assumed control after the merger with Turner Broadcasting) to Liberty Media in 2007.[29]

Awards and honors

1995 World Series trophy
The Commissioner's Trophy given to the Atlanta Braves—owned at the time by Turner—for winning the 1995 World Series (shown on display at Turner Field—named for Turner—the Braves' home ballpark)

Politics and religion

Secretary Kerry Greets Environmental Activist Ted Turner Before Addressing a UN Foundation-Hosted Breakfast Meeting Focused on the Ocean in Paris (22977278124)
Turner and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in December 2015

On September 19, 2006, in a Reuters Newsmaker conference, Turner said of Iran's nuclear position: "They're a sovereign state. We have 28,000. Why can't they have 10? We don't say anything about Israel‍—‌they've got 100 of them approximately‍—‌or India or Pakistan or Russia."[34]

A proponent of healthcare reform bills, Turner has said: "We’re the only first world country that doesn't have universal healthcare and it's a disgrace."[35]

In 2010, during the wake of both the devastating Deepwater Horizon environmental disaster and the Upper Big Branch Mine disaster that killed 29 miners in West Virginia, Turner stated on CNN that "I'm just wondering if God is telling us He doesn't want to drill offshore. And right before that, we had that coal mine disaster in West Virginia where we lost 29 miners... Maybe the Lord's tired of having the mountains of West Virginia, the tops knocked off of them so they may get more coal. I think maybe we ought to just leave the coal in the ground and go with solar and wind power and geothermals..."[36]

Turner endorsed Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton in the run-up for the 2016 U.S. presidential election.[37]

Controversial comments

In 1999, Turner made a joke about Polish mine detectors when asked about Pope John Paul II. After a harsh response from the Polish deputy foreign minister Radek Sikorski, Turner apologized.[38]

Turner once called observers of Ash Wednesday "Jesus freaks", though he apologized,[39] and dubbed opponents of abortion "bozos".[39]

In 2008, Turner explained he not only regretted these statements but said he had made peace with organized religion and had worked with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod and the United Methodist Church to fight malaria.[40] In a 2008 MSNBC interview, Turner stated that he no longer considers himself atheist or agnostic, and prays for sick friends, but keeps it short because "I don't want to load up the wires."[41] However, in 2013 he declared himself still to be agnostic, saying that he still prays for friends when they are sick, because "it can't hurt anything".[42]

In 2002, Turner accused Israel of terror: "The Palestinians are fighting with human suicide bombers, that's all they have. The Israelis ... they've got one of the most powerful military machines in the world. The Palestinians have nothing. So who are the terrorists? I would make a case that both sides are involved in terrorism." He apologized for that and the remarks in 2011 about the 9/11 hijackers, but also defended himself: "Look, I'm a very good thinker, but I sometimes grab the wrong word ... I mean, I don't type my speeches, then sit up there and read them off the teleprompter, you know. I wing it."[43]

Turner caused a stir in Montana in 2003 by funding a project to restore westslope cutthroat trout to Cherry Creek and Cherry Lake. The controversy stemmed from the poison antimycin used to kill the other fish in the stream to make way for the trout.[44]

In 2008, Turner asserted on PBS's Charlie Rose television program that if steps are not taken to address global warming, most people would die and "the rest of us will be cannibals". Turner also said in the interview that he advocated Americans having no more than two children. In 2010, he stated that China's one-child policy should be implemented.[45]

Views on the shifting media landscape

Turner claims to have predicted the demise of newspapers 30 years ago and has called print journalism an "obsolete way of distributing information".[35] Turner also became more critical of media consolidation around 2004. He expressed some regret that he took advantage of the relaxed rules that allowed greater concentration of media ownership, and raised concerns about the quality of information and debate in an environment where the news is controlled by only a few corporations and individuals.[46]

Books

In the 1993 biography It Ain't As Easy as It Looks by Porter Bibb, Turner discussed his use of lithium and struggles with mental illness. The 1981 biography Lead, Follow or Get Out of the Way by Christian Williams chronicles the founding of CNN.[47] In 2008, Turner wrote Call Me Ted, which documents his career and personal life.

Ted Turner Jane Fonda
Turner with Jane Fonda

Personal life

Turner has been married and divorced three times: to Judy Nye (1960–64), Jane Shirley Smith (1965–88), and actress Jane Fonda (1991–2001). He has five children.[48]

Through Turner Enterprises, he owns 15 ranches in Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and South Dakota.[49][50] Totaling 1,910,585 acres (7,731.86 km2), his land-holdings across America make Turner one of the largest individual landowners in North America (by acreage).[50]

In January, 2016, the Osage Nation bought Turner's 43,000 acre (170 km2) Bluestem Ranch in Osage County, Oklahoma. Turner had purchased the property in 2001 primarily to raise bison. Other important wildlife species on the property include whitetail deer, wild turkey and bobwhite quail.[51]

Turner's biggest ranch is Vermejo Park Ranch in New Mexico. At 920 square miles (2,400 km2), it is the largest privately owned, contiguous tract of land in the United States.[52]

In 2010, Turner joined Warren Buffett's The Giving Pledge, vowing to donate the majority of his fortune to charity upon his death.[53]

Turner sponsors the public forum debate of the National Forensic League.

In a television interview with Piers Morgan on May 3, 2012, Turner said he had four girlfriends, which he acknowledged was complicated but nonetheless easier than being married.[54]

One of Turner's children, Robert Edward "Teddy" Turner IV, announced on January 23, 2013, that he intended to run in the South Carolina Republican primary for the open Congressional seat vacated by Tim Scott who was appointed to the US Senate.[55] Turner's son came in 4th, receiving 7.90% of the vote. [56]

In an interview on CBS Sunday Morning in 2018, Ted Turner revealed he is suffering from Lewy body dementia.[57]

Sailing

Ted Turner
Medal record
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 1971 Seawanhaka 5.5m
Silver medal – second place 1970 Sydney 5.5m
Silver medal – second place 1972 Geneva 5.5m
Silver medal – second place 1976 Hankø 5.5m

When Turner was 26, he entered sailing competitions at the Savannah Yacht Club and competed in Olympic trials in 1964.[58] He first attempted to win the America's Cup in 1974, in a losing attempt at the defender's trials, aboard Mariner.[59] He appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated on July 4, 1977,[60] after being chosen to lead the 1977 America's Cup defense as skipper of the yacht Courageous.[61] He had been asked to join the America’s Cup defense group formed by Lee Loomis and Ted Hood. That group had Courageous and planned to build another yacht, Independence, to be designed and sailed by Hood. But Courageous proved to be the faster boat.[62] On September 18, 1977, he successfully defended the America's Cup, defeating Australia 4-0.[63] He was inducted into the America's Cup Hall of Fame in 1993,[64] and the National Sailing Hall of Fame in 2011.[65]

In the 1979 Fastnet race, in a storm that killed 15 participants, he skippered Tenacious to a corrected-time victory.[66]

References

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  2. ^ "UN Foundation".
  3. ^ a b Porter Bibb (1996). Ted Turner: It Ain't As Easy as It Looks: The Amazing Story of CNN. Virgin Books. pp. 55–56. ISBN 0-86369-892-1.
  4. ^ Porter Bibb (1996). Ted Turner: It Ain't As Easy as It Looks: The Amazing Story of CNN. Virgin Books. pp. 138, 272, 283, 442. ISBN 0-86369-892-1.
  5. ^ Koepp, Stephen (April 12, 2005). "Captain Outrageous Opens Fire". Time.
  6. ^ Doyle, Leonard (December 1, 2007). "Turner becomes largest private landowner in US – Americas, World". London: The Independent. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
  7. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (January 28, 2011). "For Land Barons, Acres by the Millions". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Eve M. Kahn (March 3, 1991). "Television; Cartoons for a Small Planet". New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  9. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. "Ted Turner – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
  10. ^ "Ted Turner Biography (1938-)". Film Reference. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
  11. ^ "This is my son. He speaks Greek". Lettersofnote. July 25, 2012.
  12. ^ Porter Bibb (1996). Ted Turner: It Ain't As Easy as It Looks: The Amazing Story of CNN. Virgin Books. pp. 26–33. ISBN 0-86369-892-1.
  13. ^ O'Connor, Michael (2009). "5". Ted Turner: A Biography. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0-313-35043-4.
  14. ^ Gary Caruso (March 20, 2008). "Messersmith: The game's first free agent". MLB.com.
  15. ^ a b c d e f Barkin, Steve M. (September 16, 2016). American Television News: The Media Marketplace and the Public Interest: The Media Marketplace and the Public Interest. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781315290911.
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  18. ^ You Must Remember This: The Warner Bros. Story, (2008) p. 255.
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  23. ^ a b Munk, Nina (July 2002). "Power Failure". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
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  25. ^ Levingston, Steven (February 25, 2006). "Turner To Leave Time Warner February 25, 2006". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
  26. ^ "6th installment of the Sydney Hobart Yacht Race Historical video series - Final of 50 Golden Years of the Sydney Hobart Yacht Race Documentary - Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race 2016". www.rolexsydneyhobart.com. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
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  28. ^ Hannon, Kent. Benched from the Bench Archived June 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Sports Illustrated, May 23, 1977.
  29. ^ "Braves sale is approved". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  30. ^ "Paul White Award". Radio Television Digital News Association. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  31. ^ Arizona State University. "Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication". Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  32. ^ "Previous Audubon Medal Awardees". Audubon.
  33. ^ "Lone Sailor Award Recipients". navymemorial.org. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
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  35. ^ a b "Working Lunch 1: In Conversation with Ted Turner Archived February 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine." Global Creative Leadership Summit, September 2009.
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  39. ^ a b Jim Rutenberg (March 19, 2001). "MediaTalk; AOL Sees a Different Side of Time Warner". The New York Times.
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  41. ^ "'Meet the Press' transcript for Nov. 30, 2008". Meet the Press. November 30, 2008.
  42. ^ "Ted Turner's Thoughts on Prayer". Preaching Today. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  43. ^ Burkeman, Oliver; Beaumont, Peter (June 18, 2002). "CNN chief accuses Israel of terror". The Guardian. Retrieved August 31, 2016.
  44. ^ Scott McMillion (August 5, 2003). "Poisoning begins on Cherry Creek". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Archived from the original on May 10, 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
  45. ^ Bonne, Christian (December 8, 2010). "Ted Turner: Adopt China's one-child policy to save planet". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  46. ^ Turner, Ted. "My Beef With Big Media" Archived May 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Washington Monthly, 2004.
  47. ^ "The Sure Thing: How entrepreneurs really succeed". The New Yorker. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  48. ^ "A Conversation With Ted Turner". Archived from the original on April 5, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  49. ^ Tribune staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Ted Turner". Great Falls Tribune. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  50. ^ a b "Ranches". Ted Turner. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
  51. ^ Morgan, Rhett. "Osage Nation set to buy Ted Turner-owned Bluestem Ranch in Osage County." Tulsa World. February 3, 2016. Accessed April 7, 2017.
  52. ^ "STATE, VERMEJO PARK RANCH ENTER INTO AGREEMENT REGARDING ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION". allbusiness. April 14, 2006.
  53. ^ "Ted Turner's Giving Pledge" (PDF). The Giving Pledge. June 30, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2012.
  54. ^ "CNN.com Video". CNN.
  55. ^ Smith, Bruce. Ted Turner's son vying in SC congressional primary, Associated Press, January 23, 2013.
  56. ^ "SC District 01 – Special R Primary". SC Elections. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  57. ^ "Ted Turner reveals he's battling Lewy body dementia in exclusive interview". CBS News. September 28, 2018. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  58. ^ Haupert, Michael John (2006). The Entertainment Industry. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 253. ISBN 978-1-59884-594-5. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  59. ^ "Courageous". 2017 America's Cup. 17 June 2017. NBC.
  60. ^ "Ted Turner on Sports Illustrated cover". CNN. July 4, 1977. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2011.
  61. ^ "A Brash Captain Keeps the Cup". The New York Times. September 18, 1977.
  62. ^ Wallace, William (June 19, 1977). "U.S. Yachts Begin America's Cup Trials". New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  63. ^ "Courageous – US 26". americascup.com. Archived from the original on February 22, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2011.
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  65. ^ "Turner, Ted – 2011 Inductee". Nshof.org. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  66. ^ Rousmainiere, John (1980). Fastnet, Force 10. New York: Norton. ISBN 0-393-03256-6.

Further reading

  • Call Me Ted by Ted Turner and Bill Burke (Grand Central Publishing, 2008) ISBN 978-0-446-58189-9
  • Racing Edge by Ted Turner (Simon & Schuster, 1979) ISBN 0-671-24419-1

Biographies

  • Media Man: Ted Turner's Improbable Empire by Ken Auletta (W. W. Norton, 2004) ISBN 0-393-05168-4
  • Clash of the Titans: How the Unbridled Ambition of Ted Turner and Rupert Murdoch Has Created Global Empires that Control What We Read and Watch Each Day by Richard Hack (New Millennium Press, 2003) ISBN 1-893224-60-0
  • Me and Ted Against the World: The Unauthorized Story of the Founding of CNN by Reese Schonfeld (HarperBusiness, 2001) 0060197463
  • Ted Turner Speaks: Insights from the World's Greatest Maverick by Janet Lowe (Wiley, 1999) ISBN 0-471-34563-6
  • Riding A White Horse: Ted Turner's Goodwill Games and Other Crusades by Althea Carlson (Episcopal Press, 1998) ISBN 0-9663743-0-4
  • Porter Bibb (1996). Ted Turner: It Ain't As Easy as It Looks: The Amazing Story of CNN. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-86369-892-1.
  • Citizen Turner: The Wild Rise of an American Tycoon by Robert Goldberg and Gerald Jay Goldberg (Harcourt, 1995) ISBN 0-15-118008-3
  • CNN: The Inside Story: How a Band of Mavericks Changed the Face of Television News by Hank Whittemore (Little Brown & Co, 1990) ISBN 0-316-93761-4
  • Lead Follow or Get Out of the Way: The Story of Ted Turner by Christian Williams (Times Books, 1981) ISBN 0-8129-1004-4
  • Atlanta Rising: The Invention of an International City 1946–1996 by Frederick Allen (Longstreet Press, 1996) ISBN 1-56352-296-9

External links

17th International Emmy Awards

The 17th Annual International Emmy Awards took place in November 20, 1989, at Sheraton Hotel in New York City, United States.

1974 America's Cup

The 1974 America's Cup was held in September 1974 at Newport, Rhode Island. The US defender, Courageous, skippered by Ted Hood, defeated the Australian challenger, Southern Cross, skippered by James Hardy, four races to zero.Courageous had beaten Intrepid (skippered by Gerry Driscoll and including William Earl Buchan and John Marshall), Heritage, Mariner and Valiant (skippered by George R. Hinman, Sr.) to become the defender. Southern Cross had beaten France to become the challenger. Hood had replaced Robert Bavier as skipper of Courageous during the defender trials.

1977 Cup winner Ted Turner first sailed at the 1974 Cup, losing at the defender trials while skippering aboard Mariner. Dennis Conner started the trials as the tactician on Mariner, before being promoted to helm the boat, and then being added to the afterguard of Courageous. Olin Stephens and Halsey Chase Herreshoff also sailed in the afterguard of Courageous.

35th Sports Emmy Awards

The 35th Sports Emmy Awards was presented on May 6, 2014 at the Frederick P. Rose Hall at the Jazz at Lincoln Center in New York City. Ted Turner, entrepreneur, sportsman and television visionary, was honored with the Lifetime Achievement Award for Sports.

Andy Powell

Andrew Powell (born 19 February 1950, Stepney, London) is an English guitarist and songwriter, and a founding member of the British band Wishbone Ash, known for their innovative use of twin lead guitars. He is named in discussions of the most influential guitarists in rock music history, often alongside other Wishbone Ash guitarists including Ted Turner and Laurie Wisefield.

Goodwill Games

The Goodwill Games was an international sports competition created by Ted Turner in reaction to the political troubles surrounding the Olympic Games of the 1980s. In 1979, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan caused the United States and other Western countries to boycott the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, an act reciprocated when the Soviet Union and other Eastern Bloc countries (with the exception of Romania) boycotted the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.

Like the Olympics, the Goodwill Games were held every four years (with the exception of the final Games), and had a summer and winter component. The Summer Goodwill Games occurred five times, between 1986 and 2001, while the Winter Goodwill Games occurred only once, in 2000. They were cancelled by Time Warner, which had bought ownership of them in 1996, due to low television ratings after the 2001 games in Brisbane.

Here to Hear

Here to Hear is the 15th album by rock band Wishbone Ash. Since the band's last album (1987's Nouveau Calls) was all instrumental, Here to Hear marks the first Wishbone Ash studio album with vocals to feature the original line-up since 1973's Wishbone Four. It also marks the final album to feature longtime drummer Steve Upton, and by extension, the final album to feature all four original members. The album contains songs written and sung by founding members Martin Turner and

Ted Turner.

List of Wishbone Ash members

Wishbone Ash are an English hard rock band from Torquay, Devon. Formed in October 1969, the group originally included bassist and lead vocalist Martin Turner, guitarists and vocalists Andy Powell and Ted Turner, and drummer Steve Upton. Their first lineup change came in the spring of 1974, when Ted Turner was replaced by former Home guitarist Laurie Wisefield. Martin Turner had also left by 1980, with John Wetton replacing him for the 1981 album Number the Brave. After Wetton left to form Asia in early 1981, Trevor Bolder joined Wishbone Ash and remained until 1983, when he returned to his previous band Uriah Heep. Bolder was replaced by former Trapeze bassist and vocalist Mervyn Spence. Wisefield was replaced by Jamie Crompton in late 1985, and Andy Pyle replaced Spence in 1986.In 1987, Martin and Ted Turner returned as part of an original lineup reformation for former manager Miles Copeland's I.R.S. No Speak instrumental album series, to which they contributed Nouveau Calls at the end of the year. Powell was left as the sole remaining constant member of Wishbone Ash by mid-1990, when Upton left the group and retired from the music business. He was replaced briefly by Robbie France and later in the year by Ray Weston, both of whom featured on the 1991 release Strange Affair. Shortly after the album's release, Martin Turner was fired from the group on 1 October 1991, with Pyle returning to take his place. Ted Turner was the final original member of the band to leave in early 1994, with bassist Pyle and drummer Weston following him in leaving the group shortly after.Powell rebuilt the band with the addition of guitarist Roger Filgate, bassist Tony Kishman and drummer Mike Sturgis. Martin Turner briefly returned for the group's 25th anniversary tour in 1995 and began working on new material, before leaving for a third and final time. After the release and touring of Illuminations, Filgate, Kishman and Sturgis were replaced by Mark Birch, Bob Skeat and Weston, respectively. Birch remained until 2001, when he was replaced by Finnish guitarist Ben Granfelt. After the studio album Bona Fide and live release Almighty Blues: London & Beyond, Granfelt left in 2004 after playing his final show on 30 October. He was replaced by another Finnish guitarist, Jyrki "Muddy" Manninen. Long-term drummer Weston left for a second time in early 2007 due to tiring of touring, with Joe Crabtree taking his place. The band's latest change in personnel came on 9 May 2017, when Mark Abrahams replaced Manninen as their ninth guitarist.

Live Dates

Live Dates is the first live album by the British rock band Wishbone Ash released in 1973.

Following the release of the album, founding member Ted Turner left the band, resulting in a shift of the band's musical approach.

Public forum debate

Public forum debate (PF) is a type of current events debate for teams of two which is the most widespread form of high school debate in the U.S. Individuals give short (2-4 minute) speeches that are interspersed with 3 minute "crossfire" sections, questions and answers between opposed debaters. The winner is determined by a judge who also serves as a referee (timing sections, penalizing incivility, etc). The debate centers around advocating or rejecting a position, or "resolution", which is a proposal of a potential solution to a current events issue. Public forum is designed to be accessible to the average citizen.

Strange Affair (album)

Strange Affair is the 16th album by rock band Wishbone Ash. It is the first album in the band's 21-year history without drummer Steve Upton, who quit the band during the album's recording sessions. He was replaced by Robbie France and later by Ray Weston, who would stay with the band until 1994 before rejoining for a much longer period in 1997.

Strange Affair is also the final studio album to feature founding members Martin Turner and Ted Turner, who departed in 1991 and 1994 respectively.

TCA Career Achievement Award

The TCA Career Achievement Award is an award given by the Television Critics Association. The Career Achievement Award annually honors an individual who has inspired his or her work in television. In 2014, director James Burrows became the 30th recipient of the award.

Ted Turner (disambiguation)

Ted Turner is an American media mogul and philanthropist.

Ted Turner may also refer to:

Ted Turner (guitarist) (born 1950), guitarist and vocalist

Ted Turner (baseball) (1892–1958), Major League Baseball pitcher

Ted Turner (footballer) (1921–1981), Australian rules footballer

Teddy Turner (candidate), son of Ted Turner

Teddy Turner (actor) (1917–1992), English actor

Ted Turner (footballer)

Edward Turner (20 December 1921 – 23 September 1981) was an Australian rules footballer who played with North Melbourne in the Victorian Football League and for Brighton in the Victorian Football Association in the 1940s and 1950s.

A centre half back, Turner made his League debut for North Melbourne during 1944. He played at North Melbourne until 1946, and played a total of sixteen senior games. In 1947, he crossed to the Victorian Football Association and played for the Brighton Football Club until 1951. He was a member of Brighton's 1948 premiership team.In 1952, Turner moved to the Frankston Football Club in the Mornington Peninsula Football League, where he served as captain-coach, and in 1952 he won the MPFL Best and Fairest award. He returned to Brighton as captain-coach in the VFA in 1954, and won the J. J. Liston Trophy as VFA best and fairest, winning by a margin of eight votes. He played with Brighton until 1955.

Ted Turner (guitarist)

David Alan "Ted" Turner (born 2 August 1950) is an English guitarist and vocalist best known for his work with the 1970s rock band Wishbone Ash, in which he was famed for his twin lead guitar instrumental arrangements with Andy Powell. Turner also contributed lap steel guitar to a variety of Wishbone Ash recordings.

Turner Broadcasting System

Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. is an American television and media conglomerate, part of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded by Ted Turner, and based in Atlanta, Georgia, it merged with Time Warner on October 10, 1996. Among its main properties were its namesake TBS, TNT, CNN, Turner Classic Movies, Cartoon Network and Adult Swim, and TruTV. It also licensed or had ownership interests in international versions of these properties. The headquarters of Turner's properties are located in both the CNN Center in Downtown Atlanta, and the Turner Broadcasting campus off Techwood Drive in Midtown Atlanta, which also houses Turner Studios.

The company was known for several pioneering innovations in U.S. multichannel television, including its satellite uplink of local Atlanta independent station WTCG channel 17 as one of the first national "superstations", and its establishment of CNN—the first 24-hour news channel.

In 2018, Time Warner was acquired by telecom firm AT&T and renamed WarnerMedia. On March 4, 2019, AT&T announced a major reorganization of WarnerMedia that effectively dissolves Turner, by dispersing some of its properties into two new divisions—WarnerMedia Entertainment (consisting of Turner's entertainment cable channels and HBO, but excluding TCM) and WarnerMedia News & Sports (CNN, Turner Sports, and the AT&T SportsNet regional sports networks), and moving others (including Cartoon Network and TCM) directly under Warner Bros. Entertainment. Since the announcement, WarnerMedia has begun to downplay the Turner brand in relation to these networks.

WCW Saturday Night

WCW Saturday Night is a weekly Saturday night TV show on TBS that was produced by World Championship Wrestling (WCW). Launched in 1971 initially by Georgia Championship Wrestling, the program existed through various incarnations under different names before becoming WCW Saturday Night in 1992. Although initially the anchor show of the Ted Turner-backed wrestling company, the September 1995 premiere of WCW Monday Nitro airing on sister station Turner Network Television usurped the show's once preeminent position in the company, as the primary source of storyline development and pay-per-view buildup.

The show's place in the company was further devalued by the advent of WCW Thunder in 1998, airing on TBS and providing the secondary wrestling and storyline development that WCW Saturday Night had produced in the wake of Nitro's burgeoning three-hour-long format. Once the cornerstone of the WCW wrestling empire, WCW Saturday Night ended its run in 2000 as the company struggled creatively to meet the demands of producing over six hours of new broadcast material on a weekly basis. The rights to WCW Saturday Night now belong to WWE as a result of that company's 2001 purchase of selected assets of WCW (including its video library).

On April 2, 2018 some WCW Saturday Night episodes began being uploaded onto the WWE Network, with select episodes from 1992-1993 included. Previous episodes from 1985 to 1989 under the JCP banner were uploaded in 2015 and 2016 and are also available under the World Championship Wrestling bucket.

WGOW (AM)

WGOW (1150 AM), known as "NewsRadio 1150", is the Chattanooga home for mostly conservative syndicated talk radio programs from ABC Radio. It broadcasts on AM frequency 1150 kHz and is under ownership of Cumulus Media. The station first went on the air in 1936 as WAPO at 1420 on the AM dial. By the early 1940s the frequency was changed to 1150. It was purchased by Ted Turner in 1968 and changed its call letters to WGOW and adopted a Top 40 format on January 1, 1969. By the early 1980s, the station had evolved into more of an adult contemporary style format. In the 1988, they shifted to their current news/talk format.

Current programming includes:

The Morning Press / Jeff, JR, and Kevin

Duke and the Doctor

Geraldo Rivera (replaced Neal Boortz shortly after Boortz announced his pending retirement in 2012)

Rush Limbaugh

Michael Savage

Mark Levin (replaced Jerry Doyle, June 2007)

Laura Ingraham

Mike Huckabee

Jim Bohannon

Red Eye RadioIn 2005, the station made waves by moving Rush Limbaugh over to sister-station WGOW-FM, resulting in a slight increase in ratings for the FM station, but a precipitous ratings drop for the AM. Limbaugh subsequently returned to the AM lineup in 2006.

The station is an affiliate of the Tennessee Titans radio network.

Wishbone Ash

Wishbone Ash are a British rock band who achieved success in the early and mid-1970s. Their popular albums included Wishbone Ash (1970), Pilgrimage (1971), Argus (1972), Wishbone Four (1973), There's the Rub (1974), and New England (1976). Wishbone Ash are noted for their extensive use of the harmony twin lead guitar format which had been attracting electric blues bands since Jeff Beck and Jimmy Page had played together in the Yardbirds in 1966. Their contributions helped Andy Powell and Ted Turner to be voted "Two of the Ten Most Important Guitarists in Rock History" (Traffic magazine 1989), and to appear in the "Top 20 Guitarists of All Time" (Rolling Stone). Melody Maker (1972) described Powell and Turner as "the most interesting two guitar team since the days when Beck and Page graced The Yardbirds". They have been cited as an influence by Iron Maiden founder and bassist Steve Harris, as well as Thin Lizzy and other dual guitar bands.

Formed in Torquay, Devon, in 1969, out of the ashes of trio The Empty Vessels (originally known as The Torinoes, later briefly being renamed Tanglewood in 1969), which had been formed by Wishbone Ash's founding member Martin Turner (bass & vocals) in 1963 and complemented by Steve Upton (drums and percussion) in 1966. The original Wishbone Ash line-up was completed by guitarists/vocalists Andy Powell and Ted Turner. In 1974, Ted Turner left the band, and was replaced by Laurie Wisefield. The band continued on with strong critical and commercial success until 1980.

There followed line-ups featuring former bass players from King Crimson (John Wetton), Uriah Heep (Trevor Bolder), and Trapeze (Mervyn Spence), Wisefield left in 1985. In 1987, however, the original line-up reunited for several albums – Nouveau Calls, Here to Hear and Strange Affair – until 1990, when Upton quit the band. After Martin Turner was replaced in 1991, the band recorded The Ash Live in Chicago, before Ted Turner left in 1993. This left Andy Powell as the sole remaining original founding member of Wishbone Ash to continue the band on into the future.

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